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Johnson County 





Kansas Zephyrs, Sunflower Sittings and Other 
Poems and Sketches 






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ItILDjEN foundations 
R 1920 L 

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• « . •' ♦ • 

• • •• •••►...: 


The History of Johnson county as here sel forth is nol an attempt at 
metaphysical disquisition, nor a profusion of legendarj lore; neither is it an 
effort to analyze the unknown motives of man or to seek the hidden cau 
for certain human events. The constant object before the writer has b< 
to present the story of Johnson county as told by the men and women wh< 
faith, courage, foresight and industry have made the county what it is 
today. The story of the adventures, struggles and achievements of tin 
pioneers form an indispensable and most interesting part of this work. 
They possess the value of authenticity, and are the plain, unvarnished tales 
of those who bore the burden of the days of trying endeavor and who en- 
dured almost incredible hardships. Confronted by drouths, pests, plagues 
and repeated failures, and rent by political dissention of the border war 
period, these brave pioneers never lost faith in the future greatness ol 
Johnson county, and many of this noble band of self-sacrificing men and 
women still live to exult in its beauty and progress, and to prophesy that 
the astounding development of today is but the fore runner of still greater 
things to come. 

The data for this work has been gathered with painstaking exactness and 
it is hoped that its accuracy is commensurate with the efforts that have been 
put forth to make it so, and that it may be a valuable work of reference for 
present and future generations. 

The editor desires to acknowledge the cordial and valuable assistance 
accorded him by the many citizens of the county in compiling this work. 
Grateful acknowledgment is hereby made to the man) contributors wh 
articles embellish these pages, and the cooperation of the press of the county- 
has been a help deeply appreciated and deserves due recognition. I wish to 
express my sincere thanks to the good people of Johnson count) . one and all. 


Olathe, Kan., December i, 191 5. 



Ed. Blair Frontispiece 

Johnson County Court House 16 

Old Mission Building 25 

Santa Fe Trail Marker, Olathe 57 

Santa Fe Trail Marker, Lone Elm 63 

Johnson County Hospital 102 

Hotel Olathe, Olathe 105 

Old Fire Wagon, Olathe 117 

Hodges Brothers Office, Olathe 119 

Old Store Building, Spring Hill 122 

Cooperative Store, Spring Hill 127 

Old Hotel, Spring Hill 132 

Spring Hill Banking Company 136 

Farmers' Bank, Gardner 141 

Kelly's Elevator, Edgerton 146 

Strang Line Depot, Overland Park 152 

Scene at Aviation Field, Overland Park 153 

Voight Brothers' Building, Overland Park 154 

Street Scene, Lenexa 162 

School Building, Lenexa 165 

Trail Inn, Lenexa 167 

Bradshaw Brothers' Store, Lenexa 171 

Judging Colts, Stanley 176 

Residence of E. H. Haskin, Lenexa 182 

Group of Civil War Veterans 184 

Strang Gas-Electric Cars 212 

John T. Little 246 

Jonathan Millikan 277 

Benjamin F. Hollenback 309 

Andrew Rudy and Mrs. Elvira Rudy 341 

Florence McCarthy and Family 405 

Home of W. W. Anderson and Family 409 

Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Reeder 437 

J. R. Secrest and Family 46 j 



Indian Tribes — Early Explorers — Indian Treaties — Black Bob 
Reservation — Shawnee Tradition — Bread Dance — Corn Dance- 
Journey of The Soul — Chief Bluejacket — Early Trappers and 


Establishment of Methodist Mission — Founding of Manuel Train- 
ing School — Location and Opening of School — Influence of 
School — Rev. Thomas Johnson and Other Missionaries — Charles 
Bluejacket — Capt. Joseph Park — Mission Abandoned — Murder of 
Thomas Johnson — Col. Alexander Soule Johnson— William John- 
son and His Recollections — Baptist Mission — Quaker Mission- 
Memories of Missions. 


Its Course — When First Traveled — Established By The Govern- 
ment — Santa Fe Trail Markers— Dedication of Monument at 
Olathe— Santa Fe Marker at Lone Elm— Pioneers' Experiences on 
the Old Trail— "The Santa Fe Trail"— Recollections of a "Bull- 


Topography — Organization of County — First Election— County 
Officers— Members of the First Territorial Legislature— Border 
Trouble— Members of the Legislature— County Statistics. 


First Business Concerns— First Marriage— Horace Greeley Visits 
Johnson County— Old Settlers— The Mehaffie House— The First 
Twenty Years. 



Olathe and Its Institutions — Merchants' Association — First Hotel 
— Voters in 1859 — Old Landmarks and Border Day Experiences — 
Churches — State Institute for the Deaf — Banks — Fifty Years of 
Olathe— A "County Seat Town." 


Location and Enterprises — Banks — Churches — Reminiscences oi 
Spring Hill— The Old Hotel— The Pioneer Store— Early Days at 
Spring Hill — Stage Line and Early Business Ventures — Locating 
the Town and Organization of Town Company — Spring Hill Be- 
ginnings — War Times. 


Settlement and Townsite Company — Business Firms — Gardner 
Raided Three Times — The Last Raid — Churches — Gardner of To- 
day — Gardner's Early Days. 


Location — Churches — Commercial Enterprises — Cemetery — The 


Strang Line — Business Houses — Additions — Aviation Park — Ex- 
position Club — Bank. 


Location and Business Firms — Organization of Town Company 
and First Building — Churches — De Soto During the Civil War — A 
Pioneer's Experience — Introduction to the Shawnee Indians. 


Shawnee — Ouantrill Visits Shawnee — Lenexa — Aubry — Stilwell — 
Stanley — Merriam — Bonita — Morse — Ocheltree — Monticello — 
Wilder — Kenneth — Choteau — Switzer — Lackman — Craig — Zarah 
— Holliday — Oxford. 


Free State and Pro-Slavery Conflict — Johnson County in the Civil 
War— Maj. J. T. Hadley Promoted— Lieutenant Pellett Recruits 


a Company — Colonel Hayes Wounded General Order Mo. u 
Battle of Westport- — Beginning of Quantrill's Band When Quan 
trill Raided Olathe — Quantrill Passed through Johnson < ount) on 
Way to Lawrence — Spring Mill Looted The Red Legs Battli 
Bull Creek- — Battle of "I'.lowliard"- War time ( lippings from the 
Olathe "Mirror"— Grand Arm} of the Republic. 


Organization — Growth and Development of the Schools. 


Promoting Early Railroads and Voting Bonds — Pioneer Railroad 



The Organization and Progress of the Grange in Johnson < < tunty- 
The Grange Insurance Company. 

What The First Woman Saw Here— An Interview with Jonathan 
Millikan — Henry Wedd— Some Early Day Events in Johnson 
County and Kansas — A Pioneer's Recollections — A Story of Earl) 
Days— Fifty Years After — Reminiscences — A Retrospective View 
— Yeager Raid Incidents. 


Adair, B. F 273 

Allison, S. H 294 

Anderson, W. R 368 

Anderson, W. W 408 

Ainsworth, H. C 369 

Azendorf, Henry 283 

Bell, I. N 441 

Berkshire, J. H 438 

Black, Georg-e 434 

Blair, Ed 309 

Bradley, William 465 

Braun, C. J 421 

Branick, Elias 266 

Bradshaw, Harry 255 

Breyfogle, L. D. 445 

Breyfogle Family 444 

Breyfogle, H. L 444 

Brown, W. C 409 

Brown, G. W 280 

Buckley, Jerry 421 

Bruner, Maj. J. B 311 

Busch, Casper 293 

Busch, Herman 272 

Busch, Deitrich . 256 

Burgess, H. L , 415 

Burke, W. R 358 

Caenen, Remi 334 

Calvert, A. J 461 

Carroll, E. G 338 

Carpenter, A. G 352 

Case, EL H - 285 

Cave, L. L 425 

Champion, Frank 385 

Chamberlin, W. H. H 343 

Chamberlin, J. H 332 

Clark, Capt. Emanuel 382 

Coker, L. H 467 

Cook, G. W 462 

Cosgrove, J. H 34, , 

Crawford, Frank 

Day, Dudley j 1 , ; 

Dare, T. W 388 

Delahunt, Charles, Sr 137 

De Tar, Miss Mary E 2X7 

De Vault, Lafayette 298 

Deweese, J. E 267 

Donham, R. M 457 

Dowell, J. N 39 , 

Dwyer, D. C 325 

Edgington, A. N 302 

Ellis, G. T 447 

Elliott, G. W 21 .4 

England, W. C 282 

Fagan, W. W 378 

Ferguson, S. E 432 

Folmer, G. W 396 

Foster, J. R 335 

Foster, A. J 316 

Fraser, William 372 

Graham, W. W 442 

Gray, W. L . . ; 455 

Graves, Col. W. C 363 

Greer, Dr. T. S 289 

Hale, D. R 288 

Hancock, J. H 387 

Haney, F. C 394 

Hannon, J. F 351 

Haskin, W. P 360 

Harrison, W. H 350 

Haskin, E. H 2j^ 

Hatfield, Dr. F. J 284 

Harbaur, C. E 326 

Hayden, G. C 322 

Hedrick, F. D 341 

Heider, Martin 4-" 

Hendrix, P. K 428 

Henry, H. L 324 

Hershey, I. H 342 

Hodges, Frank 412 

Hodges, G. H 410 

Hogue, S. R 375 

Hoilenback, B. F 308 


Hollenback, F. P 466 

Holmes, Joseph 377 

Howell, G. H 345 

Huff, George 299 

Huff, John 406 

Hundley, R. C . . 294 

Huggins, J. O 291 

Hunt, A. L 313 

Hunt, A. J 292 

Irvin, James 450 

James, T. W 354 

James, Col. Andy 402 

Jessup, Miss Fern ' 352 

Kellogg, Sherman 404 

Kelly, W. H 323 

Kelly, W. J 252 

King, Harry 402 

Klusman, H. H 454 

Knabe, G. C 374 

Knox, E. V 258 

Krumm, A. H 456 

Kuhlman, J. J 400 

Lansdown, Harrison 325 

Lanter, F. R 274 

Legler, E. A 257 

Lemen, J. R 427 

Lesueur, J. P 260 

Linn, W. T 346 

Lorimer, F. M 298 

Little, John T 247 

Lott, Miss Alice S 401 

Marty, John 290 

McAnany, Patrick 330 

McCann, Michael 372 

McKaig, J. F . 433 

McCarthy, Florence 404 

McClintock, W. J 314 

McFeatters, Rev. M 289 

McKoin, W. H 371 

Marty, John 290 

Mathews, H. A 440 

Meredith, M. T 272 

Miller, E. L 333 

Miller, M. G 463 

Millikan, A. R 380 


Millikan, Jonathan 276 

Mize, Johnson mm 

Moll, A. E. 278 

Moon, A. 296 

Moore, G. W 278 

Moore, R. R s66 

Mossman, F. E 1.23 

Mossman, C. H .V • 4 

Mower, George 362 

Murdock, D. E 453 

Murray, Roy 295 

Murphy, P. H 263 

Nance, W. A 344 

Nail, John 7.4' > 

Noland, T. W 393 

Newton, E. D 3' >. > 

Ording, Rev. J. A 27° 

Pack, W. M 418 

Parks, Horace 328 


Pearce, J. A 3 

Pellett, J. S 26 

Pettyjohn, J. L 413 

Phillips, H. L 370 

Post, Smith 4-'- 1 

Rankin, J. F 320 

Rea, J. W 467 

Reeder, Benjamin 43' ' 

Rebsamen, A. J .V'5 

Riley, Thomas 339 

Rudy, Scott 340 

Rose, Miss Jennie 3^° 

Rutter, W. R 449 

Ruttinger, Frank 2 53 

Ryan, D. H 428 

Secrest, J. R 4 " 

Sharpe, W. F 39 2 

Shellhammer, C. H 4-4 

Sitterman, W. M 355 

Sheridan, Patrick 4^8 

Simpson, Joseph 45-' 

Sloan, Dr. J. R 458 

Smallwood, C. N -5" 

Smith, G. P 36i 

Smith, E. L 336 

Smith, Andrew -" *5 


Smith, C. B 262 

Sowers, G. S 45 x 

Speer, W. S 3 2 7 

Steed, J. S 395 

Stephenson, Jewett 3 X 5 

Strang, W. B 249 

Strongman, John 319 

Swank, J. T 437 

Taggart, David 304 

Taylor, B. S 268 

Thorne, J. R 381 

Tibbetts; W. M 390^ 

Tillotson, B. H. 254 

Todd, J. B 400 

Todd, C. E 287 

Toynbee, J. W 459 

Turner, W. T 366 

Uhls, Dr. L. L 347 

Wallace, J. K 458 

Walker, A. J 410 

Walker, Ralston 306 

Walmer, Edwin 464 

Warner, E. D 300 

Wedd, George 431 

Wedd, Henry 356 

Weeks, Fred 397 

Wickens, W. W 391 

Widner, Albert 446 

Williams, Irwin 332 

Williams, A. P 329 

Wilkerson, W. F 386 

Wilkinson, S. E 259 

Wilson, W. J 320 

Young, O. Ff , 425 

Zehring, C. E 430 

Zimmerman, Capt. W. H 251 

















History of Johnson County 


Indian Tribes — Early Explorers — Indian Treaties — Black Bob Reserva- 
tion — Shawnee Tradition — Bread Dance — Corn Dance — Journey of 
The Soul — Chief Bluejacket — Early Trappers and Traders. 


The earliest known inhabitants of that section comprising Johnson 
county were the Kansa Indians. When the first white men visited 
the region now comprising the State of Kansas they found it inhabited 
by four tribes of Indians. The Kansa or Kaw, from which Kansas 
derives its name, occupied the northeast and central parts of the State; 
the Osage, located south of the Kansa ; the Pawnee, whose country lay 
west and north of the Kansa ; and the Padouca or Comanche, whose 
hunting grounds were in the western part of the State. It seems that 
the Kansa Indians occupied the greater portion of the State. 

Probably the first white man to acquire a knowledge of the Kansa 
Indians was Juan de Ohate, who met them on his expedition in 1601. 
Although Marquette's map of 1673 showed the location of the Kansa 
Indians, the French did not actually come in contact with the tribe 
until 1750, when, according to Stoddard, the French explorers and 
traders ascended the Missouri "to the mouth of the Kansas river, where 
they met with a welcome reception from the Indians." These early 
Frenchmen gave the tribe the name of Kah or Kaw, which, according 
to the story of an old Osage warrior, was a term of derision, meaning 
coward, and was given to the Kansa by the Osages because they refused 
to join in a war against the Cherokees. Another Frenchman, Bourg- 
mont, who visited the tribe in 1724, called them "Canzes," and reported 
that they had two villages on the Missouri, one about forty miles 
above the Kansas and the other farther up the river. These villages 
were also mentioned by Lewis and Clark nearly a century later. 
Referring to the Kansas river, the journal kept by the Lewis and Clark 
expedition under date of June 28, 1804, says: "This river receives its 
name from a nation which dwells at this time on its banks and has 
two villages, one about twenty leagues and the other about forty 


leagues up ; those Indians are not very numerous at this time, reduced 
by war with their neighbors. They formerly lived on the south bank 
of the Missouri, 24 leagues above this river in an open and beautiful plain, 
and were very numerous at the time the French first settled in Illinois." 
Between the years 1825-30 the Kansa and Osage tribes withdrew 
from: a large part of their lands, which were turned over to the United 



The year of 1825 was a year of treaties with the Indians. On June 
3rd of that year the chiefs and head men of the Kansa tribe entered 
into a treaty with William Clark, superintendent of Indian affairs, at 
St. Louis, Mo., by which the tribe ceded to the United States all claim 
to lands in the west of the State of Missouri, the boundaries of the 
cession being described as follows: "Beginning at the entrance of the 
Kansa river into the Missouri ; thence north to the northwest corner 
of the State of Missouri ; thence westwardly to the Nodewa river, 30 
miles from its entrance into the Missouri ; thence to the entrance of 
the Big Nemahaw river into the Missouri, and with that river to its 
source; thence to the source of the Kansas river, leaving the old village 
of the Pania Republic to the west; thence on the ridge dividing the 
waters of the Kansas river from those of the Arkansas to the west 
boundary line of the State of Missouri and with that line to the place 
of beginning." 

Almost immediately upon the acquisition of this land from the Kansa 
Indians and other acquisitions from other treaties, the Government 
began negotiations for the removal of eastern tribes to the new territory. 
On November 7, 1825, at St. Louis, Mo., a treaty was concluded with 
the Shawnee tribe living near Cape Giradeau upon a tract of land 
acquired by Spanish grant, signed by Baron de Carondelot, governor 
of Louisiana, and dated January 4, 1793. By the St. Louis treaty this 
tract was ceded to the United States by the Shawnees, and they were 
assigned another reservation, "Beginning at a point in the western 
boundary of the State of Missouri, 3 miles south of where said boundary 
crosses the mouth of the Kansas river; thence continuing south on 
said boundary 25 miles; thence due west 120 miles; thence due north 
until said line shall intersect the southern boundary of said reservation 
to the termination thereof; thence due north, coinciding with the eastern 
boundary of said reservation to the southern shore of the Kansas 
river; thence along said southern shore of said river to where a line 
from the place of beginning drawn due west shall intersect the same." 

As thus established, the Shawnee reservation included the present 
counties of Johnson and Douglas, a little of the northern portion of 
Miami, Franklin and Lyon, the northern part of Osage, the southern 
part of Shawnee, the greater part of Wabunsee and portions of Morris 


and Geary, the northwest corner of the reserve being about three miles 
southeast of Junction City. 

The Shawnee treaty of 1825 remained in effect until May 10, 1854, 
when the Shawnee chiefs concluded a treaty at Washington in which 
all of the above described reservation was ceded to the United States, 
except 200,000 acres, which also included about 25,000 acres to be 
allotted to the "absentee Shawnees" upon their return to the tribe. 
Many of these never returned and the land was ordered to be sold to 
actual settlers, by an act of Congress, approved by President Johnson 
April 7, 1869. Another act approved by President Hayes, March 3, 
1879, provided for the disposition of the entire reserve and the removal 
of the Shawnees to a new reservation outside of the State, and thus 
officially ended Indian occupation of Johnson county as a reservation. 


The boundaries of the original Shawnee Reservation in Kansas, as 
fixed November 7, 1825, and conveyed to them by deed May 11, 1844. 
contained 1,600,000 acres. Almost precisely ten years afterwards, on 
May 10, 1854, they ceded to the United States all of this magnificent 
reservation but 200,000 acres which they reserved for homes for 

Under this treaty the Black Bob Band of the Shawnees, a distinct 
organization within the tribe, received, as was their choice, and had 
assigned and set apart in a compact body, to be held in common by 
them, such a portion of this 200,000 acres as was equivalent to two 
hundred acres for each member of the band. Black Bob was the recog- 
nized chief. His band being of limited intelligence they preferred to 
retain their tribal organizations and customs and to hold their lands in 

An article, however, was incorporated into the treaty under which 
they might at any time make separate selections from the tract assigned 
to them in common. This privilege they did not avail themselves of 
until 1866, but continued to live as had been their custom, making but 
little progress and spending most of their time in visiting other tribes 
and hunting, until the breaking out of the war. Then, on account of 
the losses and sufferings to which they were subjected from bush- 
whackers on one hand, and Kansas thieves on the other, they left their 
homies and went to the Indian Territory in a body. There they remained 
until peace was proclaimed, when about one hundred returned to dispose 
of their lands. 

The Black Bob reservation is situated in the southeastern part of 
the county, at the sources of the Blue and Tomahawk creeks, lying in 
Oxford, Spring Hill, Aubry and Olathe townships. 


When the Indians abandoned it at the beginning of the war they 
expected to return and resume their old habits of living. In 1865 and 

1866, at the close of the war, white settlers rushed in and soon every 
quarter section of it was occupied by a claimant. About the same time 
certain other parties, not actual settlers on the land, among whom was 
Gen. Blunt, J. C. Irvin and Judge Pendery, conceived the design of 
buying up a portion of this land for speculation. This was in October, 

1867. An examination was made of the treaty of 1825, by which the 
Shawnees were granted the reservation, including Johnson and a portion 
of Doug-las and Miami counties, which was deeded to them Mav 11, 
1844: and also the treaty of 1854, by which the whole tract was re-ceded 
to the Government, and then 200,00 acres retroceded to the Shawnees. 
At this time the Shawnees had divided into two bands, the severalty 
or head right community, who selected their land in severalty, and the 
Black Bob band, which chose to hold theirs in common, under the 
treaty which also gave them the right to select 200 acres each as a 
head right at any future time. Messrs. Blunt, Irvin and company 
became satisfied that the title to the land vested in the Indians and that 
having selected his head right under the treaty any Indian could sell 
it and convey a valid title to any person by complying with the rules 
and regulations of the Interior Department of the Government for the 
sale of Indian lands. 

These rules were : That the consideration mentioned in the deed 
was a fair one, and the amount so mentioned had been paid to the 
grantor by the grantee, and that the transaction was free from fraud. 
The Indian agent was under obligation to attach his certificate that 
these rules had been complied with in the execution of the deed. 

Certain Indians having applied in the year 1867 received patents for 
their land and sold them to different parties for various prices. J. C. 
Irvin, one of the speculators, purchased three thousand, six hundred 
acres on October 28, 1867. On November 7, 1867, two settlers, W. 
H. Nichols and John Wordens, purchased their claims. And subse- 
quently, but prior to the other date, January 11, 1869, a number of 
sales were made to settlers among whom were W. Thomas, J. Nichols, 
Edward P. Robinson, W. S. Duffield and W. T. Quarel. Sales were 
made also to other speculators until in the aggregate the land covered 
by sixty-nine patents had been sold. The price the Indians received 
was about $4.80 per acre. Two protests against the further issue of 
patents to the Indians setting forth that gross frauds were being per- 
pel rated and that the Indians were being swindled out of their lands 
by the speculators having been received by the Government, acting 
Commissioner Mix, on the 13th of December, 1867, telegraphed Agent 
Taylor to suspend delivery of patents to the Indians. 

This was done and the sale arrested in consequence. Notwithstand- 
ing a few of the settlers had purchased their selections from Indians 


who had received their patents, the great majority refused to do so, 
believing their title should come from the government and not from the 
Indians. Both settlers and speculator kept an agent in Washington 
for some years looking after their respective interests. The one party 
attempting to obtain from Congress confirmation of the validity of the 
Indian patents, the other attempting to have them set aside, and the 
title declared to vest in the Government. 

In 1879 Congress passed a resolution instructing the Attorney Gen- 
eral of the United States to cause a suit in equity to be brought in the 
name of the United States in the circuit court for the district of Kan- 
sas, to settle the titles to lands claimed by the Black Bob band of the 
Shawnee Indians in Kansas or adversely thereto, which resulted in the 
deeds given by Indians to white settlers being declared valid and 
approved by the Government. The other Indians holding lands sold out 
their lands to white settlers and many of them bought in with the 
Cherokees nation in the Indian Territory. 


I record here the Shawnee Indian's tradition of their origin, as told 
by the Rev. Charles Bluejacket, at the Shawnee mission in 1858. 

"Our tradition of the antediluvian period agrees in all essential points 
with the Mosaic record. The first real divergence is in connection with 
the flood. The tradition gives an account of the white man's great canoe 
and of the savings of a white family, just about at the bible has it, but 
in addition it states that an old Indian woman was also saved. After the 
flood she lived in a valley, with a hill intervening between her and her 
white brother and his family, over which she could see the smoke rise 
from the white man's wigwam. When the sense of her lonliness and des- 
titution came over her she began to weep very bitterly. There then 
appeared a heavenly messenger and asked her why she was so sorrow- 
ful. She told him that the Great Spirit had left her white brother his 
family, but she was just a poor old woman alone, and that there was to 
be an end of her people. Then said the visitor, 'Remember how the 
first man was made,' and then left her. From this she knew that a new 
creation was meant, so she made small images or children from the 
earth as directed, as the Great Spirit had made the first man. But when 
she saw they had not the life, she again wept. Again her messenger 
appeared and inquired the cause of her grief. She said she had made 
children from clay, but that they were only dirt. Then the visitor said, 
Remember how the Great Spirit did when the first man was made 
At once she understood, and breathed into their nostrils and they all 
became alive. This was the beginning of the red men. The Shawnees 
to this day venerate the memory of the one they call thir Grand Mother 
os the origin of their race." 



"In the fall of each year a certain number of men, five, I believe, were 
sent out on a hunt. They stayed three days. On the third day, when 
they were returning, and were near enough to be heard, they fired their 
guns, and the men and women in camp go out to meet them. The 
hunters were taken off their horses and sent to their wigwams to rest. 
The game is cooked and put in a pile on the ground, leaves having 
been spread on the ground first. They are also given bread, which 
has been made of white corn, pounded in a mortar for the occasion. 
The Indians then dance around the prepared provisions and sing, and 
then sat down. The meat and bread were then passed around, 
during this part of the ceremony. After this they can frolic all they 
please. The women had their petticoats decorated with silver brooches 
and wear all the handkerchiefs they can. Highly colored handkerchiefs 
were very highly prized by all Indians. The men were dressed in buck- 
skin legfg'ins and moccasins. Thev also ware a loin-cloth and blanket. 


No one was allowed to use any corn, even from his own field, until 
the proper authority was given. When the corn was sufficiently 
advanced for use the one who had the authority fixed the date for 
the corn feast and dance. On this occasion great quantities of roasting- 
ears were prepared, and all ate as freely as they desired. After this 
feast all could have what they wished from the fields. This was prob- 
ably the most highly esteemed peace festival. Very properly it might 
be called the feast of the first fruits. Another feast was held, but prob- 
ably not so universally, in the fall, a feast of in-gathering, and one in 
the spring. 


Bluejacket is authority for the statement that the ancient custom 
was to keep a fire burning for three nights at the head of one who had 
just died. A small opening was made from the mouth of the deceased 
to the surface of the ground by inserting a long rod through the newly 
filled grave, then withdrawing it. Provisions were also kept at the 
head of the grave for three nights. They explained this custom by 
saying it took three days and nights for the spirit to reach the Spirit 


It seems to have dropped out of the memory of the present genera- 
tion of men, if indeed it was ever generally known that Bluejacket is 
a white man. He was a Virginian by birth, one of a numerous family 


of brothers and sisters, many of whom settled in Ohio and Kentucky 
at an early day and many decendents of whom still reside in Ohio. 
His name was Marmaduke Van Swerangen. He had brothers, John, 
Vance, Thomas, Joseph, Steel and Charles, and one sister, Sarah, 
and perhaps more. Marmaduke was captured by the Shawnee Indians, 
when out with a younger brother on a hunting expedition, sometime 
during the revolutionary war.. He was about seventeen years of age 
when taken, and was a stout healthy, well developed, active youth, and 
became a model of manly activity, strength and symetry when of full 
age. He and a younger brother were together when captured, and he 
agreed to go with his captors and become naturalized among them, pro- 
vided they would allow his brother to come home in safety. This pro- 
posal was agreed to by his captors and carried out in good faith by both 
parties. When captured Marmaduke or "Duke," as he was familarily 
called, was dressed in a blue linsey blouse or hunting shirt from which 
garment he took his name of Bluejacket. During his boyhood he had 
formed a strong taste for the free savage life of the American Indian, 
and frequently expressed his determination that when he attained man- 
hood he would take up his abode with some Indian tribe. It is tra- 
ditionally understood that Marmaduke was taken by the Indians about 
three years before the marriage of his sister Sarah, who was a grand- 
mother of Mrs. Sally Gore, daughter of the late Rev. Charles Bluejacket, 
of Bluejacket, Okla. Sarah was married in the year 1781. Although we 
have no positive information of the fact, it is believed that the band 
or tribe with which Bluejacket took up his residence, lived at that time 
on the Sciota river in Ohio somewhere between Chillocothe and Circle- 
ville. After arriving at his new adopted home Marmaduke, or Blue- 
jacket, entered with much alacrity and cheerfulness into all the habits, 
sports and labors of his associates and he soon became popular among 
them. At the age of twenty-five years he was chosen chief of his 
tribe and as such took part in all the councils and campaigns of his 
time. He took a wife of the Shawnees, and reared several children, 
but only one son. This son was called Jim Bluejack and was rather 
disipated, a wild and reckless fellow who was quite well-known on the 
upper Miami river during and after the war of 1812. He left a family 
of seven sons and daughters, among them Charles Bluejacket, who 
was with the Shawnee Indians at the time of their removal from Ohio 
in 1832. He was well educated, intelligent and highly intellectual in all 
respects, feature, voice, contour and movement, and except as to his 
dark color, was the exact facsimile of the Van Swerangens. Charles 
Bluejacket moved from Kansas to the Indian Territory in 1871, and 
died there October 29, 1897, aged eighty-one years. 


The early history of Johnson county is linked with the Choteau's early 
trappers and traders of the Mississippi valley. Frederick Choteau 


was born in 1810, at St. Louis, Mo., He could speak fluently in 
English, French, Shawnee, and Kaw, and occasionally acted as in- 
terpreter for the agents of the Government in dealing with the 
Indians. His brothers, Ciprian and Francis, had a license from the gov- 
ernment to trade with the Shawnees, Delaware's and Kaws, and after- 
wards the Weas, Peorias and Peynkeshaws. Frederick Choteau in 
1828 located on the south side of the Kaw river, and established what 
was then known as the French Trading Post. Up to that date there 
was no wagon roads here, and all articles were transported on pack 
horses by the way of trails cut through the brush. The Indians raised 
small patches of corn, which they dried in September, put in sacks made 
of hides, buried. After this work was done they went west for their 
annual hunt, sometimes not returning until the next spring. 

The Choteaus bought all the hides and pelts the Indians brought 
them from these trips. They paid for beaver skins $5 each per pound ; deer 
skins, twenty-five cents per pound, otters, $5 ; wolf skins, $1 ; 
badger and coons, fifty cents each. The trade of the Choteaus 
with these Indian tribes amounted to as much as $100,000 annually. 

In 1830 Frederick Choteau established the Kaw river trading post,, 
about one hundred miles from the mouth of the Kansas river and goods 
were taken up the Kaw river in keel boats. In 1840 he returned to 
what is now Johnson county, locating on Mill creek, and made some 
fine improvements, but the flood of 1844 destroyed all his property, 
including house, hogs and some cattle. He saved his horses by swim- 
ming them to the shore. He had just finished the barn and house 
when this flood came. According to Mr. Miller, who ran the old mill 
established by the Government, it rained for sixty days and nights. 
This mill was carried away by the flood, also. Three days after Cho- 
teau lost his property he completed a double log house on the highlands, 
near, and moved his family into it. In 1854 he bought from Henry 
Bluejacket, for $1,200, a log house and out buildings, on his farm at 
Shawnee. He was married four times and was the father of eleven 

























I— f- 


I— I 








Establishment of Methodist Mission — Founding of Manuel Training 
School — Location and Opening of School — Influence of School — 
Rev. Thomas Johnson and Other Missionaries — Charles Bluejacket 
— Capt. Joseph Park — Mission Abandoned — Murder or Thomas 
Johnson — Col. Alexander Soule Johnson — William Johnson and His 
Recollections — Baptist Mission — Quaker Mission — Memories of 



Johnson county is conspicuous in the history of Kansas Indian 
missions. One of the important Methodist Shawnee missions west t 
of the Mississippi was established within the borders of what is now 
Johnson county. The Baptist and the Friend also had permanent mis- 
sions among the Shawnees of this county. 

The missionaries were among the heroic pioneers of the early days. 
They were men devoted to their calling and sincere in their efforts to 
show the Indian the better way and the higher life. They sacrificed 
friend and home and endured sufferings and hardships and in many 
instances were the victims of savage cruelty. They were the contem- 
poraries of the soldiers of the frontier forts, the attache of the early 
Indian agencies and the hunter and trapper who followed the trail of 
the adventurous explorer. 

The members of the Missouri Methodist Conference, at St. Louis, 
Mo., September 16, 1830, considering the great necessity for missionary 
exertions and feeling a willingness to aid in the great work of sending 
the Gospel among all people, formed themselves into a missionary 
society of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

This was not a missionary society supported by the entire church ; 
but the men of the Missouri conference, some of whom received less 
than $40 dollars a year, resolved to contribute a part of their very 
limited means toward sending the Gospel to those who were in still 
greater need. The call to mission work among the Indians was heard 
and answered, and the devoted brothers, Thomas and William Johnson, 
entered what became their life-work among the Indians. The 
Missouri conference at this date contained but twenty-nine members. 

The missionary appointments for the year 1830 read: "Shawnee 


Mission, Thomas Johnson ; Kanzas or Kaw Mission, William Johnson." 
For the years 1832 and 1833 there were four Indian missions in Kansas, 
comprising" the Indian missionary district. In 1833 and 1834 it was called 
the north Indian mission district. 

The Shawnee Mission was the most ambitious attempt of the Meth- 
odist church to care for the Indians of Kansas, and this mission, by 
reason of its location at the entrance to the territory for emigrants from 
the East and the part it played in the territorial history, became a place 
of peculiar interest. 

The Shawnee reservation embraced a tract of 1,600,000 acres, described 
in the treaty of May 10, 1854, as follows : 

"Beginning at a point in the western boundary of the State of Mis- 
souri, three miles south of where said boundary crosses the mouth 
of Kansas river ; thence continuing south and coinciding with said 
boundary for twenty-five miles; thence due west 120 miles; thence due 
north, until said line shall intersect the southern boundary of the 
Kansas reservation, to the termination thereof ; thence due north, 
coinciding with the eastern boundary of said reservation, to the southern 
shore of the Kansas river ; thence along said southern shore of said 
river to where a line from the place of beginning drawn due west shall 
intersect the same — estimated to contain sixteen hundred thousand 
acres, more or less." 

The tribe resided on the northeast corner of this vast tract, near 
Missouri and near the Kansas river. These lands lying in the vic- 
inity of the larger streams, afforded considerable bodies of good 
timber, interspersed with fertile prairies. This reservation had been 
assigned to the Shawnees by the treaty of 1825, and it would seem that 
the larger part of the tribe had congregated here by 1830, their most 
populous settlement being in Wyandotte county, south of the Kansas 
river. Among the earliest comers appears to have been The Prophet, 
brother of the great Tecumseh, who made his home near the present 
town of Turner. 

In the year 1835 the Rev. Isaac McCoy describes the condition of the 
Shawnees as follows : 

"Generally their dwellings are neat, hewed log cabins, erected with 
their own hands, and within them a small amount of furniture. Their 
fields are closed with rail fences ; are sufficently large to yield them 
corn and culinary vegetables plentifully. They keep cattle and swine, 
work oxen, and use horses for draught; and own some plows, wagons, 
and carts." 

It was to the vicinity of The Prophet's town that the Rev. Thomas 
Johnson followed the Indians, built a log house, and began his work 
as a missionary among the sons of the forest in 1830. The following 
letter, addressed to the Rev. Jesse Greene, presiding elder of the Mis- 


souri district, by Indian Agent Vashon, tells something of the inception 
of our first Indian mission in Kansas: 

Indian Agency, near Kansas. 1830. 

"Rev. Sir: I have the pleasure now to make the communication 
which I promised when I had the happiness of conversing with you 
at my office on the subject of establishing a mission for the instruction 
of the children of the hapless portion of the human family entrusted 
to my care in this part of my agency. I have been informed by Rev. 
Mr. Dodge, whom I had the pleasure to meet with a few days ago, at 
Harmony Mission, that the American Board of Foreign Missions will 
not have it in their power to comply with the application which I made 
through him for a missionary establishment at or near this place in 
less time probably than two or three years, as they have a great many 
more applications than they can possibly comply with, and he therefore 
solicited me to request your earnest attention to the subject without 
delay ; and I now have the pleasure to inform you that I have this day 
been requested by Fish, a Shawnee chief, also William Jackson, a white 
man, raised with the Shawnees, to make application for the establish- 
ment of a mission among them for the education of their children, and 
I most earnestly solicit your attention to the subject. 

"Fish, the Shawnee chief, has a son by the name of Paschal, who was 
put to school when he was a boy. He can speak English very well. 
He is a sober, steady, moral, good man. He has an Indian family and 
is industriously employed in farming, and I think he would make the 
most efficient male interpreter that could be procured. Captain Shane, 
the Shawnee interpreter, has a stepdaughter by the name of Nancy, 
who is a widow with one child. She speaks English very well, and is 
a woman of most excellent character, and, I think, much disposed to 
be pious. She has been brought up in the habits of civilized life entirely 
from her infancy, and I think better qualified for all the various duties 
of a female interpreter than any other that I know of and, if I am not 
greatly mistaken, will devoutly rejoice to have an opportunity of living 
once more under the influence of the Gospel. Captain Shane also has 
■> a son, who has been six months at the Choctaw academy in Kentucky, 
where I expect he will be again sent. 

"The vicinity of the smith shop, I think, would be the most judi- 
cious location that could be selected for the establishment of the mis- 
sionaries. Mr. Harmon Davis, the smith for the Indians, is a man of 
most excellent moral character; he is a member of the church, and has 
a lar^e and amiable familv. His children are mostly daughters and 
nearly grown. I feel convinced that no other situation in the country 
possesses as many advantages. I therefore recommend it, in the strong- 
est possible light, as the most judicious location that can be selected. 

"George Vashon." 

Of the first mission, established on the bluffs of the Kansas river, 


we have been able to learn little. Joseph S. Chick, one of the prom- 
inent business men of Kansas City, Mo., and a son of Col. Wm. M. 
Chick, one of the pioneers of Kanasas City, in a recent letter to Rev. 
Joab Spencer, of Slater, Mo., says : 

"I was at the old Shawnee Mission about three weeks, but failing 
to have school I went home. The building, as I remember, was a 
two-story double log house, with rooms about twenty feet square, with 
outhouses, smokehouse, chicken-house, etc. There was no teacher there 
at that time. There was a man by the name of Waugh that had been 
a teacher, and was staying there at the time, but I do not recall any, 
other." . 

Rev. Lorenzo Waugh was appointed as missionary to the Shawnees, 
with Rev. Thomas Johnson, for the years 1837 and 1838; so this was 
about the time that Mr. Chick was at the old Shawnee Mission school. 
It was at the old Shawnee Mission that the late Col. Alexander S. 
Johnson was born, July 11, 1832. His father, Rev. Thomas Johnson, 
was born in Virginia exactly thirty years before, July 11, 1802. 

At the conference of 1832 the first fruits of the two missions were 
reported by the Johnsons, nine white and thirty-one Indian members, 
which was considered an encouraging beginning; so that the sum of 
$4,800 was appropriated that year to the Indian missions within the 
bounds of the conference. 

In the month of August, 1833, Bishop Soule had, on his way to the 
Missouri conference, held at Cane Hill, Ark., visited our Indian mis- 
sions among the Delawares and Shawnees. The bishop spent a few 
days with Thomas and William Johnson in surveying the ground, with 
a view of extending the mission work, and as a result he determined 
to establish two additional stations, one among the Peorias and the 
other among the Kickapoos. The conference report for the year 1834 
shows a total of eleven white and 380 Indian church members, in the 
four Indian missions in Kansas — the Shawnee, Delaware, Peoria and 
Kickapoo. The report of the missionary society for 1834 has this to 
say of the Shawnees : 

"Some of the leading men who had considerable opposition to the 
Gospel are now cordially united in the work of reformation and the 
prospect is truly flattering. Upwards of sixty church members, some 
of whom are able to instruct their brethren in the things of God. School 

The following letter, written by Rev. Thomas Johnson to Rev. Jesse 
Greene, is full of encouragement : 

"Shawnee Mission, February 17, 1834. 

"Dear Brother Greene : We have great excitement in the Indian 
country ; some of the leading men of the Shawnee nation have lately 
surrendered their prejudices ; twelve or fourteen have lately joined our 
society. The Peoria nation has submitted to the yoke of Christ; forty 


of them joined last Sabbath week. Write to us and let us know when 
you will come to see us. I will try to be at home. 

"Yours in haste, 

"Thomas Johnson." 
At the conference of 1832 the Kansas Indian missions were formed 
into a separate district, called the Indian Mission district, and Thomas 
Johnson appointed superintendent, which position he held till 1841, 
when he was compelled to resign because of ill health. Up to 1836 
the appointment of the missionary was to "mission and school," and 
he had charge of both religious and educational work, under the direc- 
tion of the superintendent. When the manual-labor school was opened 
a minister was placed in separate charge of that institution. At the 
conference of 1842 the office of "superintendent" gave way to that of 
"presiding elder." Prior to the establishment of the manual-labor school 
mission schools were conducted in each tribe. The salary of the mis- 
sionary was the regular disciplinary allowance of $100 per annum for 
himself, and the same for his wife, and there was very little money 
with which to equip the station. Rev. Joab Spencer, surviving mis- 
sionary to the Shawnees, writes that in the early days Rev. Thomas 
Johnson received a call from one of the church officials, and that Mrs. 
Johnson desired a better equipment for her table than they had ordi- 
narily, but Mr. Johnson said that the official must put up with their 
plain fare. So he, like the rest, ate from a tin plate. Mr. Johnson had 
no horse, and sometimes in making his trips had to ride an ox instead. 
The church building belonging to the Shawnee Mission was located 
in a beautiful grove on a country road leading from Westport into 
the Indian country, and was about four miles west of the manual-labor 
school, and about six miles southwest of Kansas City. The manual- 
labor school was not erected on the old mission premises, but was four 
miles south of the original site of Turner. The church building was 
constructed of hewn logs, and was about 20x40 feet, plain and old- 
fashioned, and faced to the north, a door in the south end of the building 
opening on the camp-ground and cemetery. The date of its erection 
was about 1840, services before this having been held at private houses. 
Love feasts were held in connection with quarterly meetings and camp- 
meetings, the latter being held annually on the grounds near the church, 
and were attended by Methodists from other tribes. A parsonage was 
connected with the church. This historic old meeting-house stood till 
the latter part of the war, when it was torn down and used for fuel. 
A part of the time it was loopholed and used by the Kansas militia as 
a fort. Nothing is left but the little reservation of five acres used for 
a burying-gground. 

The conference of 1835 appointed Rev. William Ketron as missionary 
to the Shawnees. Mr. Ketron was a Southerner, having joined the 
Holston conference on trial in 1825, and was transferred to the Missouri 


conference in 1829. He served but one year in the Indian mission in 
Kansas. His assistants in the school and mission were Mrs. Ketron, 
his wife, Mrs. Miller, Rev. David G. Greg'ory, and Mrs. Gregory. They 
had thirty-four scholars under their instruction, who were instructed 
in English gratuitously. Nineteen of the pupils were supported by the 
mission and lived in the mission family ; the others received one meal 
a day at the mission house, and were otherwise supported by their 
parents. It seems that the industrial feature which Mr. Johnson inaugu- 
rated upon such a large scale a few years later was introduced at this 
time, as five of the boys were learning cabinet-making and two shoe- 
making. The missionaries taught some of the Shawnees to read in 
their native language, and some of these in time became teachers of 
others. Instruction in Indian was placed under the immediate notice 
of native class-leaders of the church. A small book in the Shawnee 
language on religious subjects, and some hymns, was published by the 
missionaries and introduced among the people with good effect. Some 
of the native church members, who numbered 105 at this time, took 
active part in public religious exercises, and had prayer in their families. 
The next year, 1836, Rev. Thomas Johnson was assisted by Mrs. John- 
son, Rev. N. T. Shaler, Rev. D. G. Gregory, and a Mr. Holland. 


The year 1838 dates a new era in the history of the Methodist Indian 
missions in Kansas — the establishment of the Shawnee manual-labor 
school. This meant the discontinuance of the separate Methodist schools 
among the tribes and the education of the children at this central 
institution. At the general conference of 1836 Rev. ThOmas Johnson 
induced that body to vote $75,000 for the establishment of the Indian 
manual-labor school, and the Government at Washington granted him 
2,400 acres of the finest land for his Indian mission. 

From the records of the board of managers of the missionary society 
of the Methodist Episcopal church : 

"April 13, 1838: It was mentioned that Brother Johnson, presiding 
elder and superintendent of the Shawnee Mission, with an Indian of 
that nation, would attend our anniversary. A committee was ordered 
to be appointed to take charge of the missionary lyceum : Nathan 
Bangs, David M. Reese and George Coler constitute the committee." 

"May 16, 1838: Certain documents from the Shawnee Mission having 
been read, they were on motion referred to a committee of five, viz. : 
Rev. Dr. Bangs, Rev. Dr. Luckey, Joseph Smith, Stephen Dando and 
B. Disbrow."" 

"May 30, 1838: Doctor Bangs, from the committee appointed at the 
last meeting, made the following report which was adopted : 

"The committee appointed to take into consideration certain docu- 


ments presented to the board of managers respecting the necessity 
and expediency of establishing- a large central school for the benefit 
of Indian children and youth north of the Cherokee line, southwest of 
the Missouri river, and east of the Rocky mountains, have had the same 
under consideration, and beg leave to present the following as the 
result of their deliberations : 

" 'For several years past our missionaries have had schools upon a 
small scale among the Shawnees and other tribes of Indians in that re- 
gion of country who have become in part Christianized ; and though these 
schools have exerted a salutary influence upon those who have attended 
them, yet being small, and divided among so many distant tribes, they 
are necessarily limited to their inflence, expensive in their support, 
as well as difficult of management. 

" 'It appears, moreover, that this being a part of the country ceded 
by the United States to the Indians for the perpetual possession, other 
tribes are moving into the neighborhood, to whom it is desirable to 
impart the benefits of religious, moral and intellectual, as well as 
mechanical and agricultural instruction, that they may in due time be 
exalted to the benefits and immunities of a Christian and civilized com- 
munity, and this is most likely to be accomplished by the employment 
of suitable and efficient means for the education of their children and 

" 'From the humane policy of the general Government of the United 
States, in the efforts they made to rescue the savages of our wilder- 
nesses from their state of barbarism, by means of schools, we have 
reason to believe, if it be determined to establish a school of a character 
contemplated in the documents above referred to, that pecuniary means 
may be obtained from the Government to carry the plan into effect, and 
also an annuity for its support from year to year. 

" 'Under these views and impressions, the committee submits the 
following resolutions for the concurrence of the board : 

" 'Resolved, I. That it be, and hereby is, recommended to the Mis- 
souri annual conference to adopt such measures as they may consider 
suitable for the establishment of a central manual-labor school for the 
special benefit of Indian children and youth in such place and under 
such regulations as they may judge most fit and proper. 

" 'Resolved, 2. That whenever the said conference shall so resolve 
this board pledge themselves to co-operate with them in carrying the 
plan into effect; provided, that a sum not exceeding $10,000 shall be 
drawn from the treasury of the missionary society of the Methodist 
Episcopal church for any one year for the support of the schools so 

' 'Resolved, 3. That with a view to secure the aid of the Government 
of the United States in furnishing the pecuniary means necessary for the 
establishment and support of such a school as is contemplated our 


corresponding secretary, or Dr. Samuel Luckey, be, and hereby is, re- 
quested to accompany our brother, the Rev. T. Johnson, to the city of 
Washington, and lay before the proper officer or officers having the 
superintendence of Indian affairs, or, if need be, submit to Congress 
the plan of the contemplated school, and solicit aid in such way and 
manner as may be judged most suitable for the establishment and 
support of said school. 

" 'All which is respectfully submitted. N. Bangs, Chairman.' 

"The presiding officer (Soule), in alluding to the call for the present 
meeting, gave his views fully in favor of the establishment of a central 
school in the Indian country. The bishop had himself been in this 
county and was intimately acquainted with the tribes over whom 
Brother Johnson has the superintendence. 

"Bishop Andrew concurred in the remarks of the presiding officer 
so far as his knowledge went. 

"Brother Johnson also gave his opinion as to the wants of the tribes 
in the Southwest, their present condition and prospects. 

"Letters were read from Major Cummins, the Indian agent, fully 
according with the representations made in the 'documents' which have 
been read to this board. 

"Doctor Bangs offered the following resolution, which was unani- 
mously passed : 

"Resolved, That our treasurer be authorized to pay to Brother John- 
son the amount of his traveling expenses to and from this place, and 
that Brother Johnson be requested, on his return, to stop at as many of 
the principal places as his other engagements will allow, hold missionary 
meetings and take up collections for the missionary society, and account 
with the treasurer for the amount of said collections." 

At the conference session which met at Booneville, September 26, 
1838, it was decided to build a manual-labor school, which was to be 
patronized by the six tribes among which the church labored. This 
school was in operation a year after action was taken. 

The report of the mission committee at this conference session may 
be regarded as the foundation of the Shawnee manual-labor school and 
reads as follows : 

"Whereas, The board of managers of the missionary society of 
the Methodist Episcopal church have recommended to the Missouri 
annual conference to adopt such means as they consider suitable for 
the establishment of a central manual-labor school for the benefit of 
Indian children and youth in such place and under such regulations 
as they may judge most fit and proper; and, 

"Whereas, The Government of the United States has stipulated to 
aid liberally in the erection of suitable buildings for said school, and 
also to aid annually in its support ; and 


"Whereas, The Shawnee Nation of Indians in general council as- 
sembled, and in compliance with the wishes of the Government have 
consented to the establishment of such school on their lands near 
the boundary of the State of Missouri, which is deemed a most eligible 
situation ; therefore, 

"Resolved, i. That we, fully concurring with the board of managers 
of the missionary society of the Methodist Episcopal church, do hereby 
agree to establish a manual-labor school for the benefit of Indian chil- 
dren and youth on the Shawnee lands near the boundary line of the 
State of Missouri ; 

"Resolved, 2. That a committee of three be appointed, whose duty 
it shall be to erect suitable buildings for the accommodation of the 
proposed school ; secondly, to employ competent teachers, mechanics, 
a farmer, and such other persons as may be necessary ; thirdly, to exer- 
cise a general supervision over the institution, and report to this con- 
ference annually. 

"Resolved, 3. That the above-named committee be and are hereby 
instructed to erect, for the accommodation of said school, two buildings', 
to serve as school houses and teachers' residences, each to be 100 feet 
long and 30 feet wide, and two stories high, with an ell running back, 
50 by 20 feet, and two stories high ; thirdly, buildings for four mechanics, 
with shops; fourthly, such farm buildings as they may judge necessary; 
provided, however, that if in the judgment of the committee, the ex- 
penses of the above-named buildings are likely to be greater than such 
such a sum as may be estimated by the missionary con mittee of this 
conference they may make such changes as they may think proper." 


The location selected for the manual-labor school was in a beautiful 
little valley about three miles southwest of Westport, Mo., and on 
the California road. Work on the new buildings was begun by Mr. 
Johnson about the first of February, 1839. At this time he had forty 
acres of land enclosed, twelve acres of which were planted in apple trees, 
it being the first orchard set out in Kansas, and 176 acres were planted 
in corn. Upward of about 40,000 rails were made in a short time by 
the Shawnee Indians. About forty hands were employed, and the build- 
ings were soon under way. Brick-kilns were put up for the burning 
of brick, while some were shipped from St. Louis, and "the lumber 
was all sawed at their own saw mill and worked out by hand," says Mr. 
William Johnson, son of Thomas Johnson, who now (1915) lives near 
the old mission building. 

The two large brick buildings erected at this time were on the south 
side of the California road. The building farthest east was no by 
30 feet and two stories high. It was used as the school house and 



dormitory for the boys and the home of the superintendent. The chapel 
was on the first floor of this building. This is one of the most his- 
torically interesting buildings in the State of Kansas, and one of its 
territorial capitals. Here the first territorial legislature of Kansas, 
which was called the "bogus" legislature, met and passed laws. Rev. 
Thomas Johnson, a Virginian by birth, who very naturally sympa- 
thized with the South, was chosen president of the council, or upper 
house of the legislature. The building just west of this one was built 
of brick and was ioo by 30 feet, with an ell. It served as the boarding 
house, with a large dining hall and table capable of accommodating 
between 200 and 300 people at a time. These two large buildings were 
within 100 yards of each other. Between them, and near the road, was 
a fine spring. Log houses and shops went up all over the place. 
Blacksmith shops, wagon shops, shoemakers' shops, barns, granaries 
and tool houses were erected ; and a brick yard, a saw mill and steam 
flour mill were added to the mission. The latter was capable of grinding 
300 bushels of wheat per day. 


The school was opened in the new building in October, 1839. The 
report of the first year of the school by the superintending committee, 
Rev. Thomas Johnson, Rev. Jerome C. Berryman and Rev. Jesse Greene, 
made in September, 1840, shows that the new project was a success. 
The report shows that seventy-two scholars were in attendance during 
the school year, which opened in October, 1839, and closed in Septem- 
ber, 1840. The most of these were permanent scholars, though some 
stayed but a short time. None were counted unless they stayed a 
month. The different tribes patronizing the school were represented 
as follows: Shawnees, 27; Delawares, 16; Chippewas, 2; Gros Ventres, 
1; Peorias, 8; Pottawatomies, 7; Kansans, 6; Kickapoos, 3; Munsees, 
1 ; Osages, 1. The mission at this time was incomplete and had house- 
room for only eighty children. Work and study alternated, the children 
being employed six hours a day at work and six hours in school. The 
girls, under the direction of their teachers, did the cooking for the entire 
school and for about twenty mechanics and other hands employed about 
the institution. They also made not only their own clothes, but those 
of the boys and some of the mechanics and others. Bishop James O. 
Andrew once visited the school, and the Indian girls presented him with 
a pair of trousers, all the work of their own hands. They were also 
taught to spin and weave, while the boys were taught farming, carpen- 
tering, shoemaking and brickmaking. 

Four teachers were employed the first year — two to teach the chil- 
dren when in school and two to teach them when at work. A farmer 
was employed to take charge of the farm and stock, and his wife to 


superintend the cooking - . The principal of the institution was a prac- 
tical mechanic, and conducted the building - operations during the year. 
The crop report for the first year shows that 2,000 bushels of wheat, 
4,000 of oats, 3,500 of corn and 500 of potatoes were raised. Upon 
the farm were 130 cattle, 100 hogs and 5 horses. Later 3 native buffalo 
were added. 

The daily routine of the pupils at the manual-labor school was as 
follows : At 5 a. m. they were awakened by the ringing of a bell, when 
in summertime they performed light work about the farm until 7 
o'clock, when they breakfasted, a horn being blown by way of signal 
before each meal. In winter time their morning work, before eating, 
was confined to the preparation of fuel, milking the cows, some thirty 
or forty in number, and feeding the stock. At 9 o'clock the school bell 
summoned them to their studies, which were kept up, with a short inter- 
val for recess, till 12 noon. They dined between 12 and 1 o'clock and 
then resumed their studies until 4 o'clock. Their hour for tea was 6 
p. m. Their evenings were spent in the preparation of their lessons for 
the ensuing day until 8 o'clock. 

They were then allowed to indulge themselves in indoor recreation 
until 8:30 p. m., when they were sent to their dormitories for the 
night. The only religious services which were held during the week 
were the reading of a chapter in the Bible, followed by prayer, just before 
the morning and evening meals. Saturday forenoon was given them as 
as a holiday. Saturday evening was spent in the bath-room in cleaning 
up for Sunday. 

The children paid $75 a year each to the superintendent, as 
a receipt in full for board, washing and tuition. The first task 
of the instructor was to teach the children English, which they soon 
learned to speak well, yet a slight foreign accent was usually noticeable. 
The children, as a general thing, were docile, teachable, and good 
natured, and when well, of a playful disposition, but when sick they were 
usually stupid and silent. They were not quarrelsome. As to the men- 
tal capacity, they compared favorably with white children. 

x-\t the conference of 1841 Rev. J. C. Berryman was appointed to take 
charge of the manual-labor school, to which position he was also 
appointed by the succeeding' conferences. Mr. Berryman was, like his 
predecessor, a man of great energy and ability. His report for 1842 is 
interesting and is as follows : 

"From experience already made, we are fully satisfied that there is 
no essential difference between white and red children ; the difference 
is all in circumstances. 

"There are difficulties, however, very great difficulties, to be sur- 
mounted in the education of the Indian youth. The ignorance and prej- 
udice, instability and apathy, of the parents, and all the little whims that 
can be imagined as being indulged in by so degraded a people, combine 


to hinder us and retard their own advancement in civilization ; and one 
of the greatest hindrances to the success of our efforts to impart instruc- 
tion to the children we collect here is the difficulty of keeping them a 
sufficient length of time to mature anything we undertake to teach them ; 
especially if they are considerably advanced in age when they com- 
mence. We have found that the labors bestowed upon these children 
taken in after they had reached the age of ten or twelve years, have 
in most cases been lost; whereas, those taken in between the ages of 
six and ten have in the majority of cases done well. This is chiefly 
owing to the older ones having formed habits of idleness, so that they 
will not bear the confinement and discipline of school. Another thing 
in favor of receiving these children at an early age is, that they acquire 
our language more readily and speak it more correctly. They also more 
easily adopt our manners and habits of thinking. 

"J. C. Berryman." 

(Report United States Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1842, pp. 114, 


The school opened September 15, 1843, with no scholars. The 
church statistics for this year report ten colored children as members 
of the mission. The conference minutes would indicate that they lived 
at the manual-labor school. These colored children belonged to the 
slaves which Rev. Thomas Johnson had brought into the territory, and 
who worked on the mission premises. The increase of members in our 
mission this year was 210. 

In October, 1844, Bishop Morris visited the school and witnessed part 
of the examination exercises at the close of the regular term. "Their 
performance," he says, " in spelling, reading, writing, geography, compo- 
sition and vocal music was such as would do credit to any of our city 
schools in the United States." 

The school report for the year 1845 shows 137 scholars in attendance. 
During this year the erection of another large brick building one hun- 
dred feet in length and twenty feet in width, and two stories high, was 
begun. It was located on the north side of the road, the three large 
buildings forming a triangle, but not joining each other. This build- 
ing had a piazza the whole length, with the exception of a small room 
at each end taken off the piazza. This building served as the girls' 
boarding-school. The superintendent and his family also occupied this 
building. Governor Reeder and staff and other territorial officials were 
quartered here in 1855, when Shawnee Mission was the capital. 

In 1845 the Methodist Episcopal church was rent asunder, as the 
result of differences of opinion on the slavery question. At a conven- 
tion which met May 1, 1845, i" ^ e city of Louisville, Ky., the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, South, was organized. The Kansas missions, 
which at this time were embraced in the Indian Mission conferences* 


fell into the Church, South. The Indian Mission conference for the year 
1845 was held at the Shawnee Mission, Bishop Joshua Soule presiding. 
Bishop Soule was one of the two bishops who adhered to the Church, 
South. The other was Bishop James O. Andrew, a native of Georgia. 
Bishop Soule was a Northern man by birth and rearing, having been 
born in Maine, August 1, 1781. He died at Nashville, March 6, 1867. 


Rev. William H. Goode, one of the early missionaries among the 
Choctaws in Indian Territory, was a delegate with Rev. E. T. Peery 
from the Indian Mission conference which met at Tahlequah, October 
23, 1844, to the convention held at Louisville in May, 1845, at which the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, was organized. He has this to say 
in his "Outposts of Zion" concerning the division: 

"The influence of the large mission established at the manual-labor 
school was strong. There were few to counter-act or explain ; and at 
the separation the main body of our Shawnee membership was carried, 
nolens volens, into the Church South. They have a large meeting-house 
and camp-ground, and exert a powerful infuence over the tribe. Our 
membership is reduced to about twenty-faithful band." 

The manual-labor school was thus for the next seventeen years under 
the supervision of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. In 1845 an< ^ 
1846, Rev. William Patton was superintendent. The concluding portion 
of his report for 1846 to Hon. William Medill, commissioner of Indian 
affairs, is as follows : 

"Our mills and shops are doing well, affording considerable assist- 
ance to the Indians around in various wa)^s. The shops furnish the 
more industrious and enterprising with wagons, and such like, by which 
they are enabled to make for themselves and families something to sub- 
sist upon. Of the mills I must speak more definitely. There has nothing 
been done for the Indians in all this section of country, in the way of 
improvements, which is of equal importance, or anything like equal 
importance, with the erection of the steam flouring-and saw-mill at this 
place. Here, the Indians from several tribes around get a large quan- 
tity of their breadstuffs, such as flour and corn-meal. But this is not 
the only advantage derived — the saw-mill furnishes them with lumber 
for building and furnishing their houses, and, what is of still greater 
importance to them, the mills, and especially the saw-mill, offer to them 
inducements to industry. We purchase from the Indians all of our saw 
logs, our steam wood, etc., thus giving them employment and furnish- 
ing in return flour, meal, sugar, coffee, salt, and such other things, in 
a dry-goods line, as they or their families may need, and those things 
which, in many instances, they could not have without these facilities, 
at least to any considerable extent. 


"I have the honor to be, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

"W. Pattern." 
(Report 1846, p. 365.) 


In 1847 Thomas Johnson was returned as superintendent of the 
manual-labor school, which position he held till the school was discon- 
tinued. The school report for this year shows 125 scholars in attend- 
ance, 78 males and 47 females. 

The crops for 1848 were a partial failure^ by reason of a prolonged 
drought of two years — very little rain falling in that time. The springs 
began to fail, the pasture suffered greatly, and they were compelled 
in the summer of 1848 to haul water a distance of two miles in order 
to keep the steam flour-mill running. 

This year, 1848, Mr. Johnson decided to organize a classical depart- 
ment in connection with the school. In the conference minutes it is 
called the Western Academy. Rev. Nathan Scarrit, father-in-law of 
Bishop E. R. Hendrix, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, whose 
episcopal residence in Kansas City, Mo., was selected to take charge 
of this new department, in which he served three years. Mrs. Hendrix 
was born at the Shawnee Mission. Mr. Scarritt says, in a manuscript 
left by him, that the school was then in a flourishing condition, and 
that the new department which he was called upon to take charge of 
proved a decided success. He says : 

"A score or more of young gentlemen and young ladies from across 
the line, and some, indeed, from more distant parts of Missouri, were 
admitted to this department. This brought the whites and Indians 
into close competition in the race for knowledge, and I must say that 
those Indian scholars whose previous knowledge had been equal to 
their competitors were not a whit behind them in contest for the laurels 
of scholarship." 

Doctor Scarritt attributed the success of the school chiefly to the 
wise, judicious and able management of the superintendent, Rev. Thomas 
Johnson. Doctor Scarritt spent a considerable part of his time in 
preaching among the different tribes, through interpreters. He became 
so interested in missionary work among- the Indians that at the end 
of his three years' professorship he entered that work exclusively. This 
was in the fall of 185 1, when he was appointed to take charge of three 
missions, the Shawnee, the Delaware and the Wyandotte, with Rev. 
Daniel D. Doffelmeyer and several native helpers as assistants. He 
says that the Indian converts were as a rule consistent in their Christian 
conduct, and that they would compare favorably in this particular with 
the whites. He says : "The older Christians among - them especially 
would manifest, in their public exercises, their exhortations and prayers 


a degree of earnestness, pathos and importunity that I have seldom 
witnessed elsewhere." Of the interpreters he says : "Charles Blue- 
jacket was our interpreter among - the Shawnees, Silas Armstrong 
among the Wyandottes, and James Ketchum among the Delawares. 
They were all remarkable men, all intelligent, all truly and deeply pious, 
yet each was unique in some prominent characteristic." 


Charles Bluejacket was born in Michigan, on the river Huron, in 
1816, and came with his tribe to Kansas when a boy. His grandfather. 
Weh-yah-pih-ehr-sehn-wah, or Bluejacket, was a famous war chief, 
and was in the battle in which General Harmar was defeated, in 1790. 
In the battle in which Gen. Anthony Wayne defeated the northwest 
confederacy of Indians, in 1794, Captain Bluejacket commanded the 
allied forces. According to Charles Bluejacket, his grandfather had 
been opposed to the war, which had for some time been waged against 
the whites, but was overruled by the other war-chief. After the defeat 
which rendered the cause of the Indians hopeless, Captain Bluejacket 
was the only chief who had courage to go to the camp of General 
Wayne and sue for peace. The battle was fought in 1794, and a perma- 
nent peace was made in 1795. Charles Bluejacket's ancestors were 
war-chiefs, but never village or civil chiefs, until after the removal of 
the tribe to the West. His father was probably the first civil chief 
of his family. When Charles was a child his parents moved to the 
Piqua Plains, Ohio. In 1832 they removed to their reservation near 
Kansas City, Kan. He was then a youth of sixteen years. 

Charles inherited all the noble traits of character of his grandfather. 
He was licensed to preach in 1859 and continued till the time of his 
death. Rev. Joab Spencer, in a sketch of this famous Indian, says : 
"In 1858, when I made his acquaintance, he was forty-two years old 
and as noble a specimen of manhood as I ever saw. I lived in his family 
for two months, and saw him at close range. An intimate acquaintance 
of two years showed him in all walks of life to be a Christian gentleman 
■of high order. In looking back over all these years, I can think of no 
one who, taken all in all, had more elements of true dignity and noble- 
ness of character. He was my interpreter, and I never preached through 
a better. A favorite hymn of Bluejacket's, and the one which was largely 
instrumental in his conversion, was the familiar hymn of Isaac Watts : 

" 'Alas ! and did my Saviour bleed, 
And did my Sovereign die? 
Would He devote that sacred head 
For such a worm as I?' 


"Following is the verse in the Shawnee language : 

" 'Na peache mi ce ta ha 
Che na mo si ti we, 
Ma ci ke na mis wa la ti 
Mi ti na ta pi ni?' 

"No history of the Shawnee Mission would be complete that omitted 
the names of Bluejacket, Paschal Fish, Tooly, Black Hoff, Pumpkin,. 
Silverheels and Capt. Joseph Parks. x\ll the above were half, and in 
some cases more than half, white blood." 

Bluejacket died October 29, 1897, at the town of Bluejacket, Indian 
Territory, whither he moved in 1871, from the effects of a cold con- 
tracted the preceding month, while searching for the Shawnee prophet's 
grave, in Wyandotte county, Kansas. He was married three times, and 
twenty-three children were born to him. Mr. Spencer officiated at the 
wedding of one of his daughters, who married J. Gore. 

Rev. Joab Spencer, a missionary among the Shawnees from 1858 to 
i860, gives some interesting features of the work, and says in regard to 
the results of our missionary labors among the Kansas tribes : 

"Methodism did not accomplish much for any of the tribes except 
the Shawnees, Delawares and Wyandottes. The Indians made a treaty 
in 1854, taking part of their land in severalty and selling the balance 
to the Government. Each Indian received 200 acres, and $110 cash a 
year for a number of ten years. This gave the Indians a large sum 
and was the means of bringing among them a large number of base 
men, who sold them mean whisky and robbed them in many ways." 

One very important official connected with the missions was the 
interpreter, as the preaching was mostly done through this medium. 
Rev. G. W. Love, M. D., who was a missionary for nearly three years 
among the Peoria, Pottawatomie and Kaw Indians, has left some brief 
reminiscences, which are interesting. Doctor Love emigrated to western 
Missouri from Tennessee in 1836, and died in Wesport, Mo., October 
20, 1903, at the age of eighty-seven. In his reminiscences he says: 

"I have preached through Capt. Joseph Parks, who was in command 
of a company of Shawnee Indians who fought for the Government 
against the Seminoles in the Florida war. Afterwards he was the 
principal chief of the Shawnee nation. I also preached through Henry 
Tiblow, who received his education at the Shawnee Mission school. 
He was employed by the Government as interpreter for the Shawnees- 
and Delawares. I also preached through Bashman (Mackinaw Beau- 
chmie), while I was with the Pottawatomies." 



Capt. Joseph Parks was a half-breed, and a prominent character 
among" the Shawnees. His wife was a Wyandotte. He owned slaves 
and had a well-improved farm, with an elegant, well-furnished brick 
house, and in the treaty was well provided for by the grant of lands 
immediately upon the Missouri State line. Captain Parks lived for many 
years, when young, in the home of Gen. Lewis Cass. After the Shaw- 
nees came to Kansas he went to Washington, where he spent many years 
as agent of his tribe, in order to recover the money taken from them 
as stated on page 78 of volume 8, Kansas Historical Collections. Parks 
told Rev. Joab Spencer that it was through family and the good repu- 
tation he sustained. He was, for many years, leader and head chief of 
his nation. He died April 4, 1859, and was buried from the old log 

"Another prominent man of this tribe was Rev. Paschal Fish. He 
was a local preacher and his brother, Charles Fish, acted as interpreter. 
For a few years after the division Paschal Fish served appointments in 
the Shawnee and Kickapoo missions under the Church South — then re- 
turned to the old church, remaining firm in his allegiance in spite of 
persecution. While fairly well educated, it appears that he was unable 
to write his name, as I have seen a document signed as follows : 

"Paschal Fish, his x mark." 

Another interpreter connected with Shawnees Mission was Matthias 
Splitlog. He was a Cayuga-Seneca by descent, having been born in 
Canada in 1816. He married Eliza Carloe, a Wyandotte, and came 
west with the Wyandotte nation. He made his home in the Seneca 
country when the Wyandottes moved to the Indian Territory. Here he 
erected a fine church building. He died there in 1896. An interesting 
sketch of his life is found in Connelley's Provisional Government, p. 34. 

During the year 185 1 the Shawnee manual-labor school still continued 
to prosper. It suffered some little embarrassment from 1849 to 1851, 
by reason of the prevalence of cholera in the community. 
(Report United States Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1851, pp. 87, 88.) 

The report for the year 1854 shows that 105 children were in attend- 
ance, divided among the tribes as follows: Shawnees, 49; Delaware, 
19; Wyandotte, 14; Ottawa, 23 ; but none from the Kickapoo, Kaw, Potta- 
watomie or Peoria tribes. The treaty was made this year and the 
manual feature closed. The shops were disposed of and disappeared. 
In 1858 a brick one was still standing, and used as a stable. 

The report of 1855 shows that but two tribes besides the Shawnees 
sent children to the school, the Ottawas 22 and the Wyandottes 10. 

Two Spanish boys, rescued from the Cheyennes by General Whitfield, 
were in attendance; also one small Sioux boy — 122 in all. The report 


indicated progress and notices a disposition among the Shawnees to 
improve and fit themselves to live among the white people. 

Thomas Johnson's last report as superintendent of the institution 
is headed "Shawnee manual-labor school, Kansas, September 6, 1862," 
andis addresser to Maj. James B. Abbott. Indian agent. It contains 
the following information : During the past year, closing with the 
present month, fifty-two Shawnee children were in attendance — twenty- 
six males and twenty-six females — ages from seven to sixteen ; taught 
ordinary English branches; health unusually good. The parents and 
guardians manifest interest in the children. The average attendance 
has been thirty. Among the names are those of William M. Whiteday, 
John Bigbone, Hiram Blackfish, Martha Prophet, William Prophet and 
Emma Chick (Emma Chick, Moon, daughter of William Chick, of Glen- 
wood, Kan.) 

Major Abbot gives the following account of his visit to the school: 
"I found the children tidy, well fed, and apparently well clothed. 
Their head teacher, Mr. Meek, appeared to possess their confidence and 
affection. They appeared happy and contented, took a deep interest 
in their studies, and will compare favorably with white scholars. This 
school is sustained entirely out of the Shawnee school fund." 


The school was abandoned soon after, perhaps the following year. 

Thus came to a close the most prominent Methodist mission in the 
territory of Kansas. The mission had a duration of about thirty-three 
years, a school being maintained during that period and the manual 
training school for a period of fifteen years. The Indian school at 
Lawrence, the magnificent Haskell Institute, is in its system of work 
and its various departments of manual training, very similar to the 
manual labor school established by Thomas Johnson at Shawnee Mis- 
sion nearly half a century before. 

This manual labor school is said to have been the initiation of the 
effort to teach the industrial pursuits to Indian children, which, being 
followed by other societies and the Government of the United States, 
today constitutes so prominent a feature in the work of Indian civiliza- 
tion. Finley with the Wyandottes and McCoy with the Pottawatomies 
had use similar methods of instrustion. 

It remains only to tell of the old mission as it stands today. The 
old building with the white posts, on the north side of the road, has 
been entirely remodeled inside, but the outward, appearance of the 
place remains the same. In front of it is one of the most picturesque 
old-fashioned yards to be found in the State. The trees, and the shrub- 
bery, and the shape of the yard, are all old-fashioned. Up from the gate 
to the wide porch that runs along the entire south side of the building 


is a walk made of stone slabs. It is uneven still, though the thousands 
of feet that have trodden its stones have worn down its sharp points, 
moccasined feet, and many feet shod with boots and shoes, and some 
unshod have passed over it in the sixty-seven years of its existence. 
The two large buildings on the south side are still standing. The 
plastering has fallen in spots from the ceilings and walls, disclosing 
the laths beneath. These laths were all hewn with hatchets and knives, 
from the forests. They were about twice the thickness of the modern 
lath, and far more substantial. The old spring is still there and flows 
with undiminished volume to this day. Fragments of the iron pipe 
which carried the water from this spring yet remain. 

The mission cemetery is a place of interest. It stands on the top of 
the hill, a quarter of a mile southeast of the mission buildings. The 
place may be found by the clump of evergreens and other trees that 
mark it. It is enclosed by a stone wall which Joseph Wornal and 
Alex S. Johnson put up some years ago. To this place the body of 
Rev. Thomas Johnson was brought for burial, after his foul assassina- 
tion by bushwhackers in 1865. His wife and a brother and seven of his 
children and some of his grandchildren are buried here. Outside the 
wall were other graves, some marked and some unmarked. Many of 
the stone and marble slabs have toppled over and are being buried 
underneath the soil. Among the graves outside the wall is that of 
Mrs. J. C. Berryman. 

Among the graves, that of Rev. Thomas Johnson is the most con- 
spicuous. It is marked by a marble shaft which was put up by his 
family shortly after the war, and which bears this inscription : 

"Rev. Thomas Johnson, 

The Devoted Indian Missionary. 

Born July 11, 1802. 

Died Jan. 2, 1865. 

He built his own monument, which shall stand in peerless beauty 

long after this marble has crumbled into dust — 

A Monument of Good Works." 


Among William E. Connelly's papers is a manuscript interview with 
E. F. Heisler, of Kansas City, Kan., in which the story of the assassina- 
tion of Thomas Johnson is told as follows : 

"It is the common belief that Reverend Johnson was slain in his 
house at the Shawnee Mission, in Johnson county, Kansas, and that 
his assassins were Kansas Red Legs. Mr. Heisler has gathered the 
proof that this belief is not in accord with facts, which are as follows : 
Johnson lived during the war in his house near Westport. It is now 


in the corporate limits of Kansas City, Mo., and not far from the 
magnificent home of William R. Nelson, owner of the Kansas City 
'Star.' He had a considerable sum of ready money which he kept 
loaned out to his neighbors. When one loan of $1,000 was about due, 
he went to the debtor and told him to have the money right on the 
day it was due, as he wished to use the money and must have it. The 
debtor had only $800, but told Johnson he would have the $1,000 the 
day it was due. He went about borrowing twenty-five dollars of one 
neighbor and fifty of another, always telling them he must have it to 
make up the $1,000 he had to pay Johnson on a certain day. He made 
the payment promptly and Johnson immediately gave it to another 
man to whom he had promised a loan. No person other than Johnson 
and the person to whom he turned over the $1,000 knew of this last 
transaction. The community supposed Mr. Johnson had the money 
in the house. That night about 11 o'clock he was called up by a 
'hello!' Going to the door he saw a group of horsemen in front of the 
house. They said they wanted a drink of water. Johnson told them 
to go back to the kitchen, by the side of which they would find a well, 
and that a cup was hanging on a nail there, that they were welcome 
to help themselves. This did not satisfy them. They said they were 
cold and wanted to come in the house and get warm. Johnson told 
them that the household had been in bed some time, and the house 
was cold, and that he did not wish to make a fire and disturb all the 
family. He then closed the door when the ruffians began to shoot. 
The bullets went through the door and one of them penetrated the 
abdomen of Mr. Johnson, who died in a few minutes. Johnson's son, 
William, was at home. Looking from the window of an upper story 
he saw the horsemen and noted a white or gray horse. The family 
called out that Johnson was killed and William fired on the murderers 
from the upper story window. He heard one of the men say 'he believed 
that Bill was home and they had not better go in as they probably 
would not get the money anyway.' The assassins then rode away. 
Someone had complained of William Johnson and he was under orders 
from Major Ransom, Sixth Calalry, to remain at home until a certain 
day, when his matter would be inquired into. He went to Major Ran- 
som on the day following the murder and requested a body of soldiers, 
and leave to go with them in search of the assasins. His request was 
granted, and he was directed to be back on a certain day to have his 
matter disposed of, which he agreed to do. Young Johnson had some 
idea who the murderers were. The soldiers went with him to the 
neigborhood of where the man lived who had made the payment of 
$1,000. There Johnson saw a white horse in a field that reminded 
him of the one he had noticed in front of the house the night of the 
murder. They went to the man having it in charge. He told a crooked 
story of his possession of the horse. One of the soldiers drew his pistol 


and said to him: 'Tell us the truth; tell us all about this matter; tell 
us now. If you refuse I will will kill you. If you fail to tell the truth I 
will kill you when I return.' The man then said that the horse had 
been left there by a certain man he named ; that there were with him 
certain other persons, whom he named ; that the horse gave out and 
could g'o no farther; that they left it there and took one of his; that 
they made it plain that they would kill him if he made these things 
known. They also had told him where they had been and what they 
had done, saying that if it became known that they had done this 
deed it would be by his telling it and he would be killed. With this 
information the soldiers went in pursuit of the assassins. All of them 
were killed except one. They had to return to Johnson's trial before 
the last one was found. They were citizens of Jackson County, Missouri, 
and some of them were Quantrell's men. The whole matter was planned 
to get that $1,000. William Johnson told these facts to Heisler. There 
can be no reasonable doubt of their accuracy." 


Col. Alexander Soule Johnson was born at the old Shawnee Mission, 
in Wyandotte county, Kansas, July n, 1832. When twenty years of 
age he was married to Miss Prudence C. Funk, of St. Joseph, Mo. Two 
boys and two girls were born of the marriage, all of whom are dead 
except Mrs. Charles E. Fargo, of Dallas, Texas. Col. Johnson made 
his home in Johnson county till 1870, when he moved to Topeka. His 
wife died in 1874, and in 1877 he married Miss Zippie A. Scott, of 
Manchester, N. H. Colonel Johnson was a member of the lower house 
of the first Territorial Legislature, when his father was president of 
the council. Colonel Johnson was the youngest member, being but 
twenty-three years old. 

Alexander S. Johnson was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the 
Thirteenth infantry, Kansas State militia, October 13, 1863, and served 
in the Price raid, in October, 1864. He organized Company D, Thir- 
teenth Kansas State militia, at Eastport, Johnson county, September 
19, 1863, of which he was captain. See Adjutant-general's report, 1864, 
1st pt., pp. 103, 104. 

In 1866-67 Colonel Johnson served in the State legislature as a mem- 
ber from Johnson county. In 1867 he was appointed land commissioner 
of the Fort Scott & Gulf railroad. He remained in that position till 
the spring of 1870. He entered the land department of the Santa Fe 
railroad in 1874. In 1890 he resigned his position and retired from 
active business. He died at Dallas, Texas, December 4, 1904. His 
remains were brought to Topeka. 



William Johnson, of Shawnee Mission, is one of the historians of 
Kansas. Born in the old mission in 1845, he knows every building, 
room, door, window , tree, shrub, road, hill, rock, spring", stream 
about the grounds of what was once the greatest Indian school 
in the United States. He loves to tell of them and never tires of giving 
the history of each. 

Mr. Johnson's father, Rev. Thomas Johnson, born in 1802, came here 
in 1829, under the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal church, and 
established a mission six miles west of Westport. This mission was 
founded and conducted on a small scale and was solely for the benefit 
of the Shawnees. In 1839 the church removed the mission to a point 
two miles southwest of Westport, where a grant of 2,240 acres of land 
was secured, and a manual-labor school opened. Says Mr. Johnson,, 
as he spoke of this school, "They think they are advancing in school 
work and getting new things at the present time, where they have- 
manual labor introduced, but my father over eighty years ago devel- 
oped the system that is now being used in all the up-to-date schools." 
The pupils that came were instructed in farming, carpentering, 
blacksmithing, shoemaking, milling, wagonmaking, etc., and the girls 
in housekeeping, weaving, spinning and sewing. The boys' and girls'' 
schools were in separate rooms. The school building proper was 35X 
120 feet. The first and second story was used for chapel, dormitories, 
and school rooms, and in 1855 the Territorial legislature met there 
and the State printing office was in the building. The Indian boys 
slept in the attic, one room running the full length of the building, 
with a row of beds on each side and an aisle between. The beds were 
of the type found in the homes of the early pioneers, with bed cords 
to support the bedding, the greatest objection being the sagging in the 
middle, and the noisy creaking at each move of the occupants. Two> 
windows in each of the gables furnished the ventilation. 

Meetings were held in the chapel room every Sunday, at which time 
was placed in front of the pulpit, a big black collection box with a 
slot in large enough to permit the dropping in of a silver dollar. When 
that good old song, "From Greenland's Icy Mountains," was started, the 
audience rose and filed by the box dropping in the contributions. "And 
even in those days," said Mr. Johnson, "some of those Indians would 
drop in buttons by mistake. I never knew why this particular song 
was always sung at collections, but it was always used then." 

The laying out of the farm of 2,240 acres shows a master mind. In 
a short time 1,000 acres were under cultivation. The only 
whites permitted to live on the reservation were the families connected 
with the mission and men needed in farm and shop operations. Of 
these some later married Indian wives and were adopted in to the tribe- 


and allowed all the privileges as Shawnees. Among these were Samuel 
Conatzer, Perk Randall, John Bowles, Isaac Parish, Samuel Garett and 
John Owens, and the two Choteau brothers. 

Work was begun in February, 1839. At this time 400 acres of 
land were fenced, twelve acres of which were planted in apples trees, 
it being the first orchard set out in Kansas, and 176 acres 
planted to corn. Over 40,000 rails were made by the Indians 
in a short time ; about forty hands were employed and the build- 
ings were soon under way. The brick was burned on the farm 
a short distance south of the school, and a saw and grist mill were 
erected also. Mr. Johnson says every bit of the lumber entering into 
the construction of the sixteen buildings that were put up here was 
sawed at this mill. The capacity of the grist mill was 300 
bushels per day. The mill was run by steam and the sawing done with 
an upright saw. The school building and office and boarding house 
were all commended at the same time. The latter stands west of 
the school building and is a brick, 30x120 feet, with a thirty-foot L. 
It had accommodations for from 200 to 300 people. These two buildings 
are about 100 yards apart and stand just south of the old California 
road. There is a fine spring between them, which is enclosed by a stone 
wall. A frame store room, 20x60 feet, was northwest of the 
boarding room, a spring house 12x12 feet, of bricks, was west of the 
boarding house, and a frame carpenter shop 16x20 feet, was southwest of 
the spring house. The steam saw and grist mill, built in the shape of a 
T, 60x24 feet, stood directly south of the boarding house. The wash 
house was built of logs and frame, 40x40 feet, and stood southeast 
of the boarding house, and east of that was a log - smoke house, 24x36 
feet. Three hundred hogs, averaging 300 pounds each were often 
killed here in one season. Directly south of the chapel was the 18x20 
foot blacksmith shop, and east and south of this was the wagon shop, 
28x36 feet. A log cabin northwest of the blacksmith shop completes 
the buildings south of the California road. 

North of the California road was the female ward, superintendent's 
office and dormitory. This building was at first 35x135 feet, but a 
portion of the east end was removed and the building is now about 100 
feet long. It is a brick building and when Shawnee Mission was the 
capital several officers made their homes here ; among them were Terri- 
torial Governors Reeder and Shannon, Secretary of the Territory Wood- 
son, and Attorney-General Isaacs. 

While Mr. Johnson was showing me the grounds I asked him about 
an old stone house that had attracted my attention. "That is of no 
historic importance, as it has only been here since 1857," he said. The 
building was erected by an Irishman and used for a smoke house. The 
sitting room in the dormitory took just 100 yards of yard-wide carpet 
to cover the floor. The rooms were so arranged that a person in the 
east room could see the fireplace at the west end of the building. 


The wages paid by Mr. Johnson to carpenters for services was fifty 
cents per day, and he had no trouble in getting plenty of help. A 
visitor at the present time will notice some modern windows in the 
buildings, but the size originally used was all 8x10 glass. The floors 
were oak, as were the sills and some of the window casings. The 
baseboards were of black walnut. The oak floors were tongued and 
grooved by hand and the laths were all made by hand, "rived out," as 
Mr. Johnson puts it. A carpenter with as man}^ large buildings to 
erect as Mr. Johnson, St., had, and who would have to "rive out" all 
the laths for them, would have heart failure in these days. 

In 1854, Mr. Johnson, when only nine years old, dined with an Irish 
nobleman, Lord George Gore, when he camped one and one-half 
miles west of the mission. The nobleman was over in this country 
on a buffalo hunt. "Speaking of 'Teddy Roosevelt," said Mr. Johnson, 
"I'll bet that when he started to Africa he had no finer equipment than 
Lord George Gore. His camping outfit was something to behold 
He had some forty or fifty men with him and twenty-five or thirty 
kinds of guns. Guns for any kind of game that flew in the air or ran 
on the earth." He invited Mr. Johnson's father to breakfast with him, 
but his father not being able to go, he then said, "Let the boy go." 
And so William went. William, e\ r en at the age of nine, was some 
hunter, and he had been out with the men on buffalo hunts and 
Lord George Gore took an interest in him. "There were just the two 
of us at the table and a flunkey a piece to wait on us, and they did 
it in great style, even in a tent. I had my appetite along with me too. 
It was my first introduction to style and I enjoyed it immensely." 

One day one of the teachers in the mission school asked Mr. John- 
son if he would not take charge of her room for a couple of weeks. 
He was not anxious for the job, but as teachers were hard to get he 
told her he would try it. No Indian language was to be used in the 
school, but the pupils in the room Mr. Johnson had charge of all knew 
him and that he talked the Indian language. The first half of the day 
not one of the bunch would talk English. At noon Mr. Johnson went 
out in the orchard where a fine bunch of sprouts grew and cut a bundle 
of them which he took to the school room when the afternoon ses- 
sion began. The pupils started in with this Indian jargon as before, 
and then Mr. Johnson got busy and one after another was introduced to 
the sprouts. After that afternoon it was surprising with what fluency 
those Indians could talk English. 


The first Baptist Mission was established in 1831, through the 
efforts and influence of the Rev. Isaac McCoy. Dr. Johnson Lykins 
and wife were appointed by the Baptist Missionary Convention 


teachers and missionaries to the Shawnees, and arrived at their 
post in 1831. No appropriation having been made by the Bap- 
tist Board of Missions for the erection of buildings, Mr. Lykins pur- 
chased a small tract of United States land on the Missouri State line, 
built a small log house at his own expense and commenced his labors, 
serving not only as minister and teacher, but physician as well. In 
April, 1832, an appropriation was made and the necessary buildings 

Rev. and Mrs. Simerwell, Rev. and Mrs. Jotham Meeker, and Rev. 
and Mrs. Moses Merril, all arrived during the fall of 1833, and had tem- 
porary quarters at the mission. In the same year Dr. Lykins by author- 
ity of Hon. Lewis Cass, secretary of war, was appointed by the board 
general superintendent of Baptist affairs in the Indian Territory, and the 
charge of the mission fell into the hands of Mr. Meeker. The church 
numbered at this time sixteen members, regular meetings being held 
at the mission house and occassional ones at the homes of the Indians. A 
school was also in operation. Mr. Meeker brought with him to the mis- 
sion a small printing press and types, which was put in operation during 
the years 1833-34 and by the tenth day of May, 1834. two books had been 
printed, according to a system of phonography invented by Mr. Meeker, 
and several adults as well as children had learned to read and write. 

In the spring of 1839, ^ ev - Francis Barker was appointed missionary 
to the Shawnees and removed to the mission. October 23, he was 
married to Miss Churchill, a missionary at the same post, and under 
their efficient management the school which had been temporarily aban- 
doned was revived. In 1848, comfortable buildings were erected, mission 
buildings and a pretty little frame church near the old Sante Fe high- 
way. The mission was in successful operation until the latter part of 
1855, Dr. Barker being its faithful minister, teacher and physician for 
over sixteen years. 


The Quaker Mission, established in 1834, was located one-half mile 
east and one-fourth mile south of Merriam, is a building 30x60, three 
stories including a stone basement above ground built in 1837 to l &4°- 

The lumber was sawed at a mill on the Kaw river. The foundation 
sills are 10x10 of hewed oak, siding all walnut, the studding 2x4 oak, the 
rafter poles faced on one side and hewed out by hand and the roof has 
not sagged at this date, 191 5. The doors are 3x6 feet, made of wal- 
nut. The original flues are still in use. A Mr. Worthington lives in 
the mission now. The windows are of 8x10 glass, twelve lights to a win- 
dow, the floors of sawed oak are still in use. This building was the 
home of Dr. C. H. Loomis, four and one-half years, his father moving 
the present home of Dr. Loomis, facing the Merriam road, formerly 
formerly called the Beatty road. 


The Friends Mission was established in the summer of 1834. A family 
was sent out by the society to superintend it, a teacher procured, and a 
school organized, which was kept in successful operation many years. 
In the spring of 1840, Henry Harvey took charge of the mission and 
remained two years, the school, when he left, numbering forty children. 
The mission was supported by the Society of Friends, in Indiana and 
Ohio. A large frame house with barn and out buildings constituted the 
mission property. 

Mr. Mendenhall was the teacher at this mission six years. The Had- 
leys, Jeremiah and his two sons, and Mr. and Mrs. Thayer, with their 
two daughters, were also faithful and efficient workers, teachers and 

The school was discontinued about the time of the opening of the war. 
The mission received no aid from the Government. 


(By J. W. Parker.) 

"In 1825 a treaty was executed with the Missouri Shawnees, of Cape 
Girardeau, Missouri, by which they were to remove west of the state of 
Missouri. There were 800 of this band. The treaty permitted the Shaw- 
nees from Ohio to join them, if they so desired. Of these, under the 
treaties of 1830, 700 came, making about 1,500 in all. They came in 

"These Indians had already been under instruction at Waupauganetta, 
Ohio, with missionaries. Some of them were devout Christians and 
brought with them a desire for still better things. 

"In 1830, the Rev. Joab Spencer says, was the first movement to 
establish a Methodist mission among the Western Shawnees. The 
Indian Agent, George Vashan, wrote Rev. Jesse Green, the Presid- 
ing Elder of the Missouri district, adjoining the then reservation on the 
west, urging him to establish a Methodist Mission among the Shawnees. 
At the session of the Missouri Conference, at St. Louis, in September 
1830, this request Avas presented, a Missionary Society was established, 
and Rev. Thomas Johnson was appointed missionary to the Shawnees. 
This would appear to be before they came to this point. 

"The first mission school was located about 7 miles west of Kansas 
City. E. F. Heisler, one of the best authorities we have on the early 
history of the Shawnees, and editor of the "Kansas City Sun," locates 
this in section 24, town 11, range 24, in Wyandotte county, and calls 
it Rev. Thomas Johnson's first mission. But he does not give the exact 
date of its foundation. It must have been in the early thirties, however, 
as we find this mission removed to its permanent site, three miles south- 
of Westport, in 1839, where the substantial brick buildings still standing, 


were erected. They are said to have cost $70,000, of which the Govern- 
ment paid $10,000. 

"The next missionary school to be established in this vicinity was 
the Baptist Shawnee Mission. This opened in 1832, and was situated 
on the Northeast quarter of section 5, township 12, range 24, in this 
county, near alaur, on the Strang' Line. 

"Two years after this, and in 1834, the Yearly Meeting of the Friends 
Church of Indiana, opened a school on what is known as the Loomis 
place, in section 7, township 12, range 24, in this county. The building 
was a large two story structure, still standng back in the field to the 
right, as one goes east from Merriam. The remnants of what is sup- 
posed to be an old Indian orchard is to be seen. One of the apple trees 
is said to measure more than 11 feet in circumference. Mr. Joseph 
Chick, who lived there in the 70's, stated that he once gathered 60 bush- 
els of apples from it. To the west of this old orchard is an old cemetery, 
overrun with briars and thorns. To look over the dilapidated tomb 
stones affords serious reflection to a thinking mind. What self-sacrifice, 
what devotion to the cause of God, are there epitomized in the few 
marble cut letters which record the names and a few of the data of the 
lives of these heroes, as much to be honored as those who died on the 
field of battle. 

"Among the men in charge of this mission was Jeremiah Hadley, the 
father of that splendid citizen, Major J. M. Hadley, who lately closed a 
prominent and usful life at'De Soto, Kan., and the grandfather of ex- 
Governor Hadley, of Missouri. 

"In 1840, a log church was erected on the hill just at the entrance of 
Shawne village from the east. This stood until 1858, when it was torn 
away and a brick church erected in its place. Chief Joseph Parks, Thom- 
as Johnson and Charles Bluejacket were the building committee. The 
old church was sometimes used for a council house by the Shawnees, 
although their regular council house was at Chillicothe, three and one- 
half miles west of Shawnee, on what is known as the Adam Renner farm. 
In this old log church, according to the statement of J. H. Blake, then 
County Clerk, were opened the first County offices of this county, on 
September 7, 1857. The place was then called Gum Springs. The first 
pastor of that old log church was L. B. Stateler, a young Kentuckian, who 
had been a missionary before coming to this church in 1840. He re- 
mained here until 1844. 

"It will be remembered that the question of slavery caused a split in 
the Methodist church in 1845. The Shawnee Mission fell to the Metho- 
dist church South. So that it follows that the Quarterly Conference 
Minutes held at the Delaware camp ground, July 1838, was the old united 
church. Thomas Johnson, E. T. Peery, J. C. Berryman, N. M. Talbot 
and William Johnson, missionaries, were present. D. G. Gregory and 
N. T. Shalor, local preachers ; William Rogers and Henry Rogers and 


other names of well known Shawnees, class leaders and stewards, were 
there. At this meeting is an entry relating to the building of the new 
fine buildings at Shawnee Mission. 

"These minutes were examined by me some years ago, and the mem- 
oranda from them printed in our local papers. They were obtained from 
Samuel Cornatzer, then living in the territory, but formerly a resident 
of this vicinity. His home here was what is now a part of the magnifi- 
cent home of Remi Caenen, just west of town. 

"From the same source many things of interest were gathered. 

"The meeting of March 14, 1842, held at the Manual Labor School 
(Shawnee Mission) it is recorded that many unworthy persons came to 
partake of the communion, and the following resolution was adopted: 
That in the future no person shall be admitted to the communion of the 
Lord's Supper among us with out previous examination and a ticket." It 
was decided at that meeting to hold but one general camp-meting, and 
to build a shed at Shawnee for that purpose. 

"In November of that year the above minutes show that the question 
of Indian marriage came up for discussion, and the members of the church 
were recommended to adopt the Christian method of marriage. Begin- 
ning in January, 1843, a long list of weddings is noted in the back 
part of the book. Among those married later are the names of Jonathan 
Gore and Sally Bluejacket, the former a white man and our first County 
Attorney, and the latter the beautiful daughter of Charles Bluejacket. 

"The brick church above mentioned was built upon a lot purchased 
for the purpose and not upon the site of the old log church of 1840, but 
south of the old Peter Wertz store. 

Nathan Scaritt is first mentioned in 1848 when he was the secretary 
of the quarterly conference. He was connected with this Shawnee work 
until i860. Among other notable Christian work which he did, we find 
the building of what was known as Scaritts chapel, on the south bank of 
Indian creek in section 13, township 13, range 24, or in section 18, town- 
ship 13, range 25. The site of it is well known. 

"Charles Bluejacket is named in 1849, as a class leader, and was 
licensed to preach in 1859. 

"Another name many of us will recognize is that of Charles Boles, 
who came as a missionary in 1852, and died not many years since, 
in this county. His daughter still resides north of Stanley. 

"Firewater was then, as always, an enemy of the church. One of 
her best men, Eli Blackhoof, was charged by the preacher in charge, 
Joab Spencer, with being drunk from the first of March until the first 
of August, with singing those songs that were not for the glory of 
God and with dancing. The delinquent did not appear at the con- 
ference for trial and the charges were probably dropped as nothing 
is shown later. 


"Not all the Shawnees were victims of the drink habit, however. 
Eli's father, the elder Blackhoof, a prominent chief at the time of 
the immigration to this country, in 1832, was an ardent temperance 
man, the first Prohibitionist of Kansas. His wife, Na-nag-si, was 
a most excellent woman, educated in the schools of Ohio, a devout 
Christian and beloved by all. Her name is carried down in that 
of our neighboring city of Lenexa, easily the product of the name in 
the liquid pronunciation of the Shawnee language.'' 



Its course — When First Traveled — Established By The Government- 
Santa Fe Trail Markers — Dedication of Monument at Olathe — Santa 
Fe Marker at Lone Elm — Pioneers' Experiences on the Old Trail — 
"The Santa Fe Trail"— Recollections of a "Bullwhacker." 


The old Santa Fe Trail is one of the cherished historic landmarks 
of Johnson county, and in recent years increased interest has been 
manifest in this great highway of the plains in the early days. In the 
early history of the Santa Fe Trail, the outfitting point was at Old 
Franklin, Mo., but a large part of that town was undermined by the 
river and the outfitting business was transferred to Independence. 
Mo. In 1856 the landing at Independence was obstructed by a sand 
bar. Westport then came into prominence as an outfitting point and 
became, as it were, the eastern terminus of the Santa Fe Trail. The 
trail from Old Franklin entered Johnson county at the old town of 
Santa Fe in Oxford township, Johnson county, and followed a 
westward course about four miles south of Olathe. following the 
ridge. The trail from Westport ran in a southwesterly direction through 
Olathe and joined the trail from Franklin southwest of Olathe. Another 
road from Fort Leavenworth united with the main trail further west at 
a point in the southwestern part of Wabunsee county, where Wilming- 
ton is now located. It continued a southwesterly direction from Council 
Grove through the present counties of Morris, Marion, McPherson, 
Rice and Barton, striking the Arkansas river near the present city of 
Great Bend. From this point it followed the north bank of the Arkan- 
sas river to what is now the town of Cimmaron, Gray county, where it 
divided, one branch continuing up the Arkansas river to the Colorado 
line and the other running in a southwesterly direction through Gray, 
Haskell, Grant, Stevens and Morton counties, crossing the western boun- 
dary of Kansas near the southwest corner of the State and on to Santa 
Fe, N. M. 

Prentis, in his history of Kansas says : "It was a great road, 775 
miles long, 550 miles of which were in Kansas, a hard smooth thorough- 
fare, from 60 to 100 feet wide. It had not a bridge in its whole extent, 
and was the best natural road of its length ever known in the world. In 
token that it had come to stay, the broadfaced, yellow sunflower, since 
chosen by the Kansas people as an emblem of their State, sprang up 
on either side where the wheels had broken the soil along the highway." 



There is much conflicting data as to the early history of the Santa 
Fe Trail. Some writers even attempt to set the claim that the famous 
old route had a prehistoric existence and that it was followed by the 
Coronado expedition in 1540. It is known that the Mallett Brothers 
reached Santa Fe, N. M., from the East in July, 1739, but there is no 
evidence of what route they took to reach their destination. Some of 
the early hunters and trappers in the employ of the Choteaus, followed 
this trail about, or prior to, the year 1800. James Pursley, a hunter, made 
the trip from Missouri to New Mexico, in 1802, but probably the first 
white man to follow approximately the route which later became the 
Santa Fe Trail was Baptiste La Lande, who went from Kaskaskia, 111., 
in 1804. Soon after the beginning of the last century a few adventur- 
ous traders began to make expeditions to New Mexico over the course 
of the Santa Fe Trail. The first trip was made with pack mules, but the 
large profits in this trade soon encouraged heavier operations. As the 
trade became heavier, a movement was started to have the United States 
Government establish a highway from some point in Missouri to New 
Mexico. A bill to that effect was introduced in Congress and cham- 
pioned by Thomas H. Benton, of Missouri, and other Western members. 
President Monroe approved the measure, March 3, 1825, "to cause a 
road to be marked out from the western frontier of Missouri to New 
Mexico" and from this followed the official establishment of the Santa 
Fe Trail. Three commissioners were appointed to carry out the provi- 
sions of this act. They were Benjamin H. Reeves, Thomas Mather and 
George C. Sibley. They left St. Louis in June, 1825, with seven wagons 
and about thirty men, and their report states that on August 10, 1825, 
they "met the chiefs and head men of the Great and Little Osage Na- 
tions at a place called the Council Grove, on the river Neozo, 160 miles 
from Fort Osage, and here, after due deliberation and consultation, 
agreed to the following treaty, which is to be considered binding on 
the said Great and Little Osages from and after this day," The treaty 
provides that, in consideration of the sum of $500, to be paid to the 
chiefs and head men of the Osages in money or goods at their option, 
they give the United States the privilege of surveying 'or making the 
road through their territory. They further agreed to commit no hostile 
act against persons traveling along the road, and to permit them to go a 
reasonable distance on either side thereof to find suitable camping places 
and subsistence for their animals. In 1826, wagons had completely sup- 
planted pack animals, and the trade of that year amounted to $90,000. 
A steady increase followed until 1843, when the trade aggregated $450,- 
000. Organized bands of guerrillas began to prey on the trading parties 
along the trail. The leading band, under Snively, was disarmed and dis- 
persed by a detachment of 200 United States dragoons under Captain 


Coake, who was assigned to guard wagon trains over the trail. In Au- 
gust, 1843, the Mexican Government, by proclamation of its President, 
Santa Ana, closed all Mexican ports of entry. However, they were 
re-opened March 31, 1844. The next interruption of trade was caused 
by the Mexican war, but in 1850, after the close of that conflict, it was 
again resumed and continued until the railroads put the overland 
freighter out of business in 1872. 


Soon after the beginning of the present century, the Daughters of the 
Revolution, in Kansas, began to agitate the subject of marking the line 
of the Santa Fe Trail through the State. By the act of March 1, 1905, 
the Kansas legislature appropriated $1,000, "for the purpose of procur- 
ing suitable monuments to mark the Santa Fe Trail through the follow- 
ing counties," etc. The act also designates that the work should be done 
under the supervision of the regent of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution of the State and the secretary of the Kansas State Historical 
Society. The marking was done in 1906 and 1907. There are ninety-five 
markers along the trail in Kansas, six of which were paid for by funds 
raised otherwise than the prescribed method. There are five monuments 
along the old trail in Johnson county, the most elaborate of which is 
located on the southeast corner of the public square in Olathe. 


This beautiful granite monument, a cut of which appears in this vol- 
ume, was erected by Johnson county, the old settlers and other contrib- 
utors. It was dedicated on Old Settlers' Day, September 7, 1907, which 
was also the semi-centennial anniversary of the opening of the county 
offices of Johnson county at Gum Springs, the then county seat. 
The following address was delivered on that occasion by Grace R. 
Meeker, Kansas secretary of the Daughters of the American Revolution : 
"It gives me great pleasure to represent the Kansas Daughters of the 
American Revolution at this celebration of the semi-centennial of Olathe 
(the beautiful). One of the reasons for the being of our society is the 
marking of historic places, the preservation of old land marks. 

"Now, when this territory was a part of Virginia, no colonies were 
planted; Capt. John Smith did not penetrate so far into the wilder- 
ness to be saved by a Kansas Indian maiden. Later times brought no 
Revolutionary battlefields to commemorate. Yet our State has a his- 
tory quite as wonderful as any of the thirteen colonies, historic stories 
just as thrilling. Verj^ many of these stories cluster about the old 
'Santa Fe Trail.' As an old pioneer puts it, 'All the life there was in 
Kansas in the '20's and ^o's moved along the Old Trail.' 



''So the Daughters of the American Revolution found their historic 
places, stretching' the whole length of the State. Like so many other 
thing's in Kansas it is a big thing. Women, however, arc never daunted 
by a small number — we had fewer than 300 members when we begun 
this enterprise, nor entire lack of funds. Our State Regent, Airs. Stan- 
ley, was enthusiastic in her advocacy of the undertaking; the wife of 




the Vice-President of the United States, then our national president- 
general, visiting our State conference in Topeka, cheered us on with her 
hearty, 'I hope you'll mark your old Santa Fe Trail.'. We have the 
friendly co-operation of the State Historical Society, the pioneers every- 
where and the State of Kansas through its legislature. 

'The beginning thing to do was to find exactly where ran the great 
highway we were to mark. Very vague ideas existed as to the path 


the pioneers traveled to 'catch up with the sky line,' any old road lead- 
ing- west, was likely to be called the Santa Fe Trail. The State His- 
torical Society, with the help of Hon. Victor Murdock, was able to 
find, and have copied the Government map, together with the field notes 
of the Government survey. This we were kindly allowed to have copied' 
and applied to a map showing the present county divisions. 

"Along that great pathway, beside which Olathe sits, there are monu- 
ments now, properly inscribed. Ninety-five granite markers are few 
enough to trace the almost 500 miles of Trail, but we feel the work well 
begun. We are glad that we did begin before the "Empire Builders" 
had passed on, while there were still those — as we see them here today — 
who can tell us personal experiences of the traffic of the Trail which we 
do well to record. 

"Communities have shown the greatest interest and helpfulness, farm- 
ers at the cross-roads have given their time and labor to set the granite 
boulders. Nowhere have they responded so splendidly as in Johnson 
county, where, besides the seven boulders furnished by the State fund, 
have been placed two fine special markers bearing the handsome bronze 
tablet, designed by Mrs. Miles, of Kansas City, which tells the story 
of the Trail so plainly that 'he who runs may read.' 

"This monument standing in the heart of your beautiful city we dedi- 
cate today. It will speak to those who come after you so clearly that 
they will never forget." 


Of the five Santa Fe Trail markers for Johnson county, provided by 
the Daughters of the American Revolution and the legislature of Kan- 
sas, the one unveiled at Lone Elm, November 9, 1906, was the second to 
be placed in position in this county, and it might be said here that New- 
ton Ainsworth, one of the original old settlers, and through whose farm 
the trail ran, together with George Black, were mainly instrumental in 
getting the marker located at Lone Elm. An appropriate program that 
had been arranged, and was carried out. Mr. Ainsworth delivered the 
following address : 

"We are here today to erect a monument in memory of that which 
more than anything else, wiped out the great American desert. 

"In the beginning, the Santa Fe Trail ran from Old Franklin, Mo., 
across the plains to New Mexico. The merchandise was shipped from 
St. Louis by steamboat to Franklin and from there was freighted west 
in ox and mule trains. Usually but one trip was made a year. After 
a time the outfitting point was moved from Franklin west to Independ- 
ence, Mo., and later to Westport, the steamboat landing being called 
Kansas, the nucleus of the present Kansas City. This trail of those 
days was like the railroads of today : it made and unmade towns. The 


freighting business was immense. To give an idea of its magnitude, I 
will note the firm of Majors & Russell, who owned and worked on the 
trail, 1,200 ox teams, with six yoke of oxen to the team. This would 
make 14,400 head of cattle and 1,200 wagons, 1,200 drivers and 50 wagon 
bosses ; and that was only a drop in the bucket compared with the grand 
total on the trail. I saw wagon trains camped on this Lone Elm 
camping ground, until they covered more than this entire quarter 
section. In their desire not to be detained, and to be on the road first in 
the morning, they commenced at 12 o'clock at night to hitch up and pull 
for the trail, and the last teams did not pass where we are now standing 
until 4 o'clock in the afternoon. 

"At one time, for three days in succession, the last teams going out of 
camp had not passed here before hundreds were going into camp. The 
rush to the Pike's Peak gold fields, in 1858, is what made the heavy 
emigration and the heavy loads of freight that year. All the roads north, 
east and south centered to the Lone Elm camp ground. The great Santa 
Fe Trail was the main artery to the Southwest, and the other roads from 
north of the river joined it here, going east. 

"In i860 I have seen the dust here over six inches deep on account 
of the great drouth and heavy travel. The freight trains to New Mexico 
consisted of twenty-six wagons, with six yoke of oxen or ten span of 
mules to each wagon, twenty-six drivers and two wagon bosses. Lone 
Elm was the first camping ground after leaving Little Santa Fe, on the 
Missouri line. This town is noted for the fact that more than 1600 votes 
were cast there at the territorial election of October 5-6, 1857, when 
not more than a half dozen families lived in the neighborhood. 

"The Santa Fe Trail follows a dividing line or ridge from here to New 
Mexico, from which the waters run both ways, north and south. The 
bulk of the freight going west, consisted of provisions, merchandise, 
meats and breadstuffs, while the return loads consisted of gold and sil- 
ver in nail kegs, buffalo robes and furs ; and, strange to say the gold 
and silver in the kegs did not leak any on the trip. 

"During the height of this heavy freighting, the plains from here to 
Mexico, abounded in immense herds of buffalo, while antelope, deer and 
elk, were plentiful, though now almost extinct. The old system of trans- 
portation, slow and laborious, has given way to the new system of 
swiftness, ease and luxury, but we are sorry to say, with less honesty. 

"Fifty years ago I was a boy living in Miami county, Ohio. My 
father owned a farm a few miles north of Piqua, and while living there 
we took a newspaper published in New York by Horace Greeley, called 
the New York 'Tribune.' Mr. Greeley not only published glowing ac- 
counts of the great West, but kept a standing notice in his paper to the 
effect, "Go West, young man, and grow up with the country." After 
reading Mr. Greeley's grand editorials and his advice to young men for 
ten or twelve years, I managed to get together a little mule team and 


wagon, and started from Piqua about the last days of September, 1856, 
fifty years ago. I drove through the states of Indiana and Illinois, 
crossed the Mississippi river at Rock Island, crossed the State of Iowa 
and northern Missouri, and there, crossing the Missouri river at Iowa 
Point, came south to Wyandotte county. I came to this Lone Elm 
camp ground, on the Santa Fe Trail in February, 1857, and located a 
claim, though the land was not yet open for settlement until May, 1858. 

"In May and June, 1857, I broke seventy acres of the virgin Kansas 
soil on the Lone Elm camp ground. I also broke prairie sod from May 
till October, all over this part of Johnson county for parties who were 
locating claims. On the fourth day of March, 1858, I unloaded the lum- 
ber to build a cabin. It was only 10x11 feet, with the ground for a floor, 
we lived in it for two years, and it was the first cabin erected in this 
part of the county. 

"When I first came to Kansas it was occupied and held by the 
Indians ; the Wyandottes were located in Wyandotte county, the Shaw- 
nees partly in Wyandotte and partly in Johnson county, and the Dela- 
wares in Leavenworth and Wyandotte counties ; while the Pawnees, 
Sioux, Cheyennes, and several other tribes occupied the lands farther 
north and west. I feel today that the advice of Horace Greeley was good 
and that in taking it I have not lived my life in vain. I have lived to see 
Kansas the center of the United States ; to see her pass from the great 
American desert to the most fruitful soil in the world; from savagery 
to the highest point of our present civilization ; and I feel proud to 
think that I have assisted in her advancement." 

After Mr. Ainsworth's address, George Black read a letter from Will- 
iam Brady, one of the first county commissioners of Johnson county, 
as follows : 


"Mr. Newt. Ainsworth : 

"Dear Old Friend — I learned through my daughter, Mrs. Susie Du 
Bois, of Kansas City, that you are to have an unveiling of the old 
Santa Fe Trail marker at Lone Elm, which was situated on your farm. 
The old tree stood at the branch just south of your house. I camped 
there myself on the night of November (December — note : As will be 
seen in the fourth paragraph of this letter, Mr. Brady fixes the date 
of his camp as the day following the Wakarusa war treaty, which 
occurred on December 8, 1855, a month later) 9, 1855. It rained all 
day on the 8th. I was coming from near Topeka, going back to Cass 
county, Missouri. It turned to snow about night, when we came to 
Lone Elm camp ground and there we struck camp. 

"We had some loose cattle and two ox wagons. One of the wagons 
had bows and a sheet on it, and we took those off, stuck the bows in 


the ground, put the sheet on, made our bed under it, and had a nice 
place to sleep. Way in the night 1 heard the bell tinkling and thought 
it went north down the branch. 1 got up, put my boots and overcoat 
on. went out, but could not hear one thing. It was dark and spitting 
snow. I thought the bell was going north, as I supposed to the nearest 
timber. The grass was very tall and frozen so that it was very diffi- 
cult to travel. I kept near the branch as best I could as it was the 
only guide I had. The grass was so tall and frozen I sometimes fell 
down, but I got up and tried it again, and came as 1 thought to a 
smart piece of ground ; it looked dark like it had been burned off. I 
stepped off into water up to my boot tops. I scrambled out and went 
my way. 

"After going some distance I concluded I must be a mile and a half 
or two miles from camp. I stopped and listened, but heard nothing 
and I concluded I had best return to camp or I might get lost. I 
went back quite a ways and came to another piece of ground that looked 
smooth and covered with a ski ft of snow. I reasoned about it, and 
thought. "When I stepped in water before, it was dark like burned 
prairie but this is white,' and thinking it a skift of snow I stepped on 
it and went into a pool of water to my waist. I scrambled out on the 
bank and there I lost my way for the time and started due north again. 
I did not go north until I discovered that the wind was in my face 
again, and I knew that would not do, for I had left camp with the wind 
in my face, and as I was now going to camp I must keep the wind to 
my bark. I avoided all dark or light spots, and traveled in the grass. 
I found my way to camp all right though the distance back seemed far- 
ther than going away. I concluded then the cattle might go till day- 
light, and crawled in under the bows and sheet where my friend and 
little son lay. My outside clothes were frozen. I pulled off my boots, 
poured the water out of them and put them under my head, pulled off 
my socks and wrung the water out of them, put them on again and 
crawled into bed with all my wet clothes on, except my overcoat. I 
was soon warm and sweating. Before I went to sleep I heard the bell 
tinkling close to camp. I slept good the rest of the night. 

"We got up the next morning about daylight. The cattle were within 
a hundred yards of the camp, among some gooseberry bushes. We 
got a little breakfast and started on our way to Missouri, feeling all 
right. It was quite cold that morning; just a little skift of snow. We 
had not gone a mile from camp before we were overtaken by a score 
or more of boys going home to Missouri. They had been up to the 
Wakarusa camp — the pro-slavery troops were encamped there. The 
free State party was encamped at Lawrence, and were fortifying them- 
selves as we came through here on the 8th. Both parties were expect- 
ing to fight on the 9th, but they did not. The boys told us that they 


had compromised and there would be no fight, and that all the men 
from Missouri went home. 

"I first saw Lone Elm camp ground in 1854 as I came back from 
looking at the country in Douglas county. The old tree was lying on 
the ground, the greater part of it being burned up. I remember seeing 
a waybill for emigrants to California, starting from Independence, Mo. 
The first points were Barnes' Spring, Big Blue, State Line or New Santa 
Fe, which is north of Stanley now. Next point was Lone Elm, then 
Bull Creek; there the Santa Fe Trail and the California Trail forked; the 
Santa Fe Trail went on west to Black Jack while the California Trail 
went by Spy Bucks, Wakarusa, and the Devil's Backbone, on which the 
State university now stands, overlooking the city of Lawrence. 

"Well, Newt., I wish I could be there and meet with some of the old 
friends who will be there, particularly Beatty Mahaffie and Colonel 
Burris, and probably many others. Give them my kindest regards. 
Yes, fifty-one years to the night before you have the unveiling of the 
marker, I had my experience at the Lone Elm camping ground. I am 
now in my seventieth year. 

"Yours respectfully, 

"W. H. Brady." 

Then followed short addresses by old settlers. Dan Ramsey, the first 
one introduced, had driven an ox team all the way from North Carolina 
and settled on the flower bespangled plains of Kansas when the Santa 
Fe Trail was the only artery of commerce between the East and the gol- 
den West. Mr. Ramsey had on exhibition an old ox bow that had come 
west with him. from North Carolina, a curiosity to many of the younger 

Mr. Rutter, of Spring Hill, another pioneer who arrived in Leaven- 
worth in 1855, and who came to Johnson county in 1857, was the next 
speaker. He told the assemblage of his trip to Pike's Peak in 1859, 
when Council Grove was the last frontier settlement on the long jour- 

V. R. Ellis responded by telling of some of his early experiences and 
reminiscences of the Santa Fe Trail. Mr. Ellis has been a resident of 
this county for about fifty years, and has taken a great interest in the 
movement for marking the great old highway. 

Jonathan Millikan, who boasts of building the first house in Olathe,. 
and of having married the first woman in that town, was called upon. 
Mr. Millikan told of his first experience when he landed in what is now 
Kansas City, about half a century ago, describing the great Mexican 
freight trains that passed over the Santa Fe Trail in those days. These 
trains contained from twenty-five to fifty wagons, each wagon being 
drawn by six, eight, ten, and sometimes twelve yoke of oxen, and on 
some occasions he had seen as many as twenty yoke of oxen drawing 



one wagon, and always huge swarms of flies following the meat that 
was being dried on the sides of the wagon beds. 

Maj. J. B. Bruner, the next speaker, said he did not get here till 
1865, but remembered the great trains on the Santa Fe Trail, also the 
unbounded generosity and hospitality of Newton Ainsworth, who at 
that time had just completed the finest house in the territory, and had 
invited all the boys and girls of the neighborhood, which at that time 
included Olathe, Spring Hill, Gardner, etc., to come in and help ini- 
tiate the house. "The girls of forty years ago" said the major, "were 
as sweet and pretty then as the girls are of today." The Major is 
authority on that subject, for he married one of the girls of forty years 
ago, and she has never gotten away from him. 

T 8 5 7 


Senator George H. Hodges, who assisted in putting the bill appropriat- 
ing $1,000 towards the purchase of the markers through the Senate, 
was called upon to say a few words. Mr. Hodges said he had immi- 
grated to this county at a very early and tender age, and had brought 
his parents with him in wagons ; that when they had stood upon the 
eastern hills and looked out upon the undulating plains, they, too, like 
the Shawnee Indian, had given utterance to the adjective "beautiful." 
He thought that the star of empire that Horace Greeley had seen start 
for the West had stopped when it had reached a point over Kansas, and 
had continued to hover and shed its rays over this State ever since. 


Mrs. John P. St. John was next called upon for a few remarks. She 
said that in her opinion some praise should be given to the Daughters 
of the American Revolution, those women who had by their efforts made 
possible the occasion they then celebrated, by their untiring endeavors 
and final success in having the historic old trail marked. 

Uncle Beatty Mahaffie, the senior of all old settlers present, was next 
called upon, and though very feeble, responded with a recollection of 
long ago. 

David P. Hougland, who has lived on the trail for about half a cen- 
tury, was the next speaker. He related some of the sights he saw in 
Kansas City when he first came west ; how he had seen twenty mules 
trying to pull one wagon up what is now called Main street. His descrip- 
tion of the first pack mule he ever saw was humorous, as was also 
his story of his hunt for the man who had died of cholera and had 
been buried with $1,000 in gold secreted about his person. It was 
at Lone Elm that Mr. Hougland saw a great flock of blackbirds, 
and remembering the old nursery rhyme, of four and twenty blackbirds 
baked into a pie for a king, took his shot gun and killed fourteen, which 
he cooked with some bacon. That was his first meal on Lone Elm 
campground, and one that he would always remember. Newton Ains- 
worth says that the main reason why Hougland will always remember 
his blackbird dinner was because, after he had cooked the birds to a beau- 
tiful and appetizing brown, he stuck his knife into one of them and it 
sizzed like a bottle of champagne. He had forgotten to clean them. 

Senator J. W. Parker recited a few amusing incidents he had run 
across in looking up the history of the old Santa Fe Trail ; how Rutter 
and Hovey, and two other young men at the time had advertised for 
wives in a Boston paper, and how they had received answers to their 
advertisements ; the correspondence that followed, and the result. The 
Senator then related the history of the trail so far as he had been able 
to find it, and from an old Government survey, on record in the county 
surveyor's office, he marked the original trail from its entrance into 
Johnson county at New Santa Fe across what is now Oxford, Olathe, 
Gardner and McCamish townships. No one really knew how far back 
the trail dated, but there was an old Indian tradition and other proofs 
which clearly established that along parts of its course, at least, there 
was a prehistoric, well marked and used highway to and from the South- 
west. The fitting-out point was at one time Franklin, Mo., later it was 
Independence, and still later Kansas City and Westport. Then the 
course of the trail was changed to come along the top of the divide, 
through what is now Mission township, thence on through Olathe and 
Gardner, intersecting the original trail at Bull Creek crossing near the 
present site of Edgerton. The Senator dedicated the monument to the 
care of the rising generation, admonishing them that the marker was 
placed in position not merely to mark the old trail, but to perpetuate 


the memory of those old hardy pioneers who braved the dangers of 
the great American desert in the early days, and who made possible 
the fertile farms and comfortable homes of today. 

John T. Burns, the next speaker on the program, was in fine humor, 
and jollied the old boys who had advertised for wives when young, or 
who had married the prettiest girl in Johnson county forty years ago. 
He said that he had not come from Boston, nor North Carolina, nor 
Kentucky, but from Iowa, where he had captured one of the sweetest 
and dearest sixteen-year-old girls that ever lived. "Monuments," said 
the Judge, "are erected to perpetuate important events. The custom 
is by no means of modern date, but tradition ragards such a custom as 
andedating Biblical history." Judge Burris then spoke of some of the 
great epochs leading up to modern civilization and its constantly increas- 
ing superiority over the civilization of yesterday; of the great change 
in this country's progress at the close of the Mexican war, and how 
the Santa Fe Trail was made the great avenue of commerce between 
the Missouri river and the great West ; of the coming of the railroad 
and the gradual passing away of the freighters and obliteration of the 
trail, until today it is but a memory. 

A. Rebsamen, an old settler who had last Wednesday returned from 
a month's trip to California, was an interesting witness to the ceremo- 
nies.. The children of Lone Elm school and their teacher, Miss Rebecca 
Zimmerman, and the children of Clare school, with their teacher, Miss 
Nelle Zimmerman, took a prominent part in the exercises of the day, 
and with their songs raised the curtain of by-gone years, and gave the 
boys and girls of the Santa Fe Trail time a glimpse of the past — carried 
them back in memory's chariot to the days when they, too, were care^ 
free and venturesome. 

The monument is a rough boulder of Oklahoma red granite, one side 
chiseled smooth, and the inscription, "Santa Fe Trail, marked by the 
Daughters of the American Revolution and the State of Kansas, 1906," 
cut thereon. The boulder is set on a concrete foundation into which 
is sunk a marble slab bearing the words, "Lone Elm camp grounds, 1822- 


Written by Ed Blair on the dedication of the marker on the Santa Fe 
Trail at Lone Elm, Johnson county, Kansas. 

Fifty years — 'Twas a prairie then 

And the deer roamed wild and free; 

Fifty years — I see it again 

As it appeared to me. 

The old trail runs where the barn stands now, 

The trail was here long before the plow, 



And we drove ox teams with sometimes a cow, 
In the days that used to be. 

Fifty years — Yes I lived here then 

And a lively place 'twas too. 

Wagons for miles with their fearless men 

Coming and passing from view. 

On the wagon covers, "Pike's Peak. or bust!" 

Yes, the fever was high for the yellow dust 

Just a lot of grit and then their luck to trust, 

For those that won were few. 

Fifty years — 'Twas a camping ground 

Where the trees now cast their shade, 

And the faithful oxen rambled around 

And rarely if ever strayed, 

And the camp fires burned each night of the year 

In the pastures there and the cornfields here, 

Yet I slept each night with never a fear, 

And many the friends I made. 

Yes, fifty years — What a striking change * 

From the way we do things now, 

No less these farms from the boundless range 

Or the way we sow and plow 

The sickle is gone and the binder's here, 

But the sickle still to my heart is dear, 

But I look in vain for the roving deer 

And the prairie chicken now. 

Fifty years — Ah, I love to know 

That the old trail shall remain, 

That the markers tell in the years to go 

Where the ox team crossed the plain 

Of the men who travelled the toilsome way 

But few are left to tell it today, 

But their march was Progress on its way, 

And its glory ne'er shall wane- 



(By William Johnson.) 

My talk at this time will have to be more explanatory than anything 
slse. The things that we used than and now have changed as well as 
words. Words that were used in earlier times to express a certain 
meaning, today convey quite a different impression. The word "trail 
as used then, in regard to a route, meant about what we would now 



call a "patch," and often a very dim one. At that time they were fur- 
ther designated as "foot trails" or "mule trails," meaning- that the "foot 
trails" a man could travel but a mule couldn't, or that a mule could travel 
but a wagon couldn't. When the route became plainer and larger so it 
could be traveled by wagons it became a road. 

At the time of which I speak, during the later fifties, there were 
two main routes across what we then called the "plains." The southern 
route, which was the Santa Fe route, went from the Missouri river in 
a general western direction passing through Council Grove and on until 
it struck the Arkansas (as we called it), river about Great Bend and then 
followed up the river to the mouth of the Purgatorie (pronounced Pick- 
etware) river to Trinidad, then crossing the Raton mountains and on 
bv wav of Fort Union to Santa Fe. 

The northern route run from the Missouri river in a general north- 
west direction, striking the Platte river a little east of Fort Kearney, and 
then following up the river. The outfits bound for Fort Laramie, Salt 
Lake, California, and Oregon, usually followed the Platte about the 
mouth of Pole creek and followed up that stream. The Denver outfits 
continued up the Platte to their destinations ; some of them, however, 
took what was known as the "cut off," leaving the Platte at the mouth 
of Bijou creek, by so doing saving quite a distance. 

I have seen a good many pictures of Government wagons that were 
used on the plains. These were made by some officer or soldier, who 
was artist enough to use a pencil, and naturally made pictures of what 
was around him. Bullwhackers, as freighters were called, were art.ists 
in the use of a whip or gun, but knew very little about the pencil ; con- 
sequently no pictures of freight wagons. 

The principal difference of the Government wagon was the body or 
box of the Government wagon was always paneled — the freight wagons 
never were. The Government wagons always had iron axles while the 
ox-freight wagons had wooden axles, the wheels held in place by linch- 
pins. The Government wagons had straight ends, while the freight 
wagons' end was longer at the top than bottom. The Government wag- 
ons were .shorter than the freight wagons. 

I will make a slight description of a freight wagon. The front wheels 
were 3 feet 10 inches high, the hind wheels 5 feet, the box was 3 feet 10 
inches wide, 12 feet long at the bottom, 16 feet long at the top, with side 
boards 5 feet high, with wooden bows fastened to the box with staples, 
over these bows went the wagonsheet ; an ordinary man could just about 
stand up under the sheet. These wagons were usually loaded from 
sixty to eighty hundred. Such a thing as a brake or a lock on awagon 
was not known in this country at that time. We used a lock chain 
fastened on the side of the box; this chain went around the fellow and 
fastened with a toggle. When you wanted to lock the wagon, you had 
to stop to put the chain in place, and the same when you wanted to un- 
lock it. 


A large portion of the freight hauled at the time of which I speak, 
was Government supplies largely consisting of corn, flour and bacon, 
most of which was purchased near the Missouri river. I remember one 
peculiar phase of the freight contracts : The freighter was responsible 
for shrinkage but not for leakage, hence it was not very uncommon for 
wagons loaded with corn, if a rain came up a day or two before reaching 
their destination, to have the sheet blown off and the corn a little damp, 
and sometimes a whiskey barrel was found to be only half full. 

A train consisted of twenty-six wagons, twenty-five for freight and 
one mess (or, as we called it grub) wagon, five and six yoke of cattle 
to the team, one wagon-master, one assistant wagon-master and one 
extra hand. These three were mounted on mules and the only mules 
there were in a full train, twenty-six drivers and two night herders. 
A good many freighters did not furnish night herders. A train usually 
traveled from sixteen to eighteen miles a day. 

Alex Majors demanded of his wagon-masters that they do no travel- 
ing on Sunday, and to allow no swearing among the men. Neither 
order did I ever know to be carried out, in fact, a wagon-master, after 
he had been out a month, hardly ever knew when Sunday came, but he 
usually laid up one day in the week because he found his cattle did 
better, but usually he laid up one-half day at a time. 

Uusually a train commenced yoking up about daylight or soon after 
and traveled until about 9:00 or 10:00 o'clock and then stopped for 
breakfast, remaining in camp until about 3 o'clock and then traveled 
until dark or nearly so, when we got our supper, never eating but two 
meals a day. 

In regard to provisions — grub, we called it, — we had bacon, bread 
and coffee, beans enough to have about one mess a week and enough 
dried apples for a mess once in two weeks. We usually started with 
some sugar but I never knew it to hold out the trip. One time I had 
a barrel of pickles. Sometimes in driving up the cattle a man would 
kill a jack-rabbit. This was his individual property, but he usually 
divided it. Once in a great while someone would kill a deer, antelope 
or buffalo. This always went to the mess of the men who killed it 
unless there was more than one mess could use. If so, it was divided 
among the others. I never knew any of the freighters to furnish a man 
just to hunt. The Mexican trains always furnished hunters. The bacon 
furnished us was always the heaviest that could be bought, the sides 
often being five or six inches thick. This was cheaper than other meat, 
besides furnishing us more shortening for our bread. Our bread was 
made with flour, bacon grease, salt, soda and water (at this time baking 
powder was unknown, at least to us), and baked in an oven set over a 
small fire of buffalo chips with more fire on the lid. All of this sounds 
strange with the unlimited varieties of canned goods at the present time, 
but at that time the only canned goods on the market were a very few 


peaches, cove oysters, and sardines, and from a train-owner's view, they 
were altogether too rich for a bullwhacker's blood. But I never knew of 
a case of dyspepsia on the plains, neither do I remember a time when a 
bullwhacker wasn't ready to eat when grub pile was called. 

We lived out of doors all the time, sometimes for months at a time 
without being in a house, sleeping in our blankets and buffalo robes on 
the ground, sometimes waking up in the morning covered with snow. 
I never had a tent, nor do I remember of seeing one with a freight 
outfit, and I don't think I ever had a lantern. 

The word "outfit," as herein used, meant everything, consisting of 
men, wagons, stock, provisions and mess-kit. We also used the word 
"outfit" in another way. A great many of the men, when hired, had 
nothing but the clothes they had on ; they were taken either the 
day before or the day the train was ready to start, to some store, where 
the owner of the train had made arrangements, and allowed to purchase 
such things as they needed, such as blankets, clothing, tobacco, knives, 
or anything in reason. These things were charged to them and entered 
in the train book, and taken out of their wages when they were paid off. 

The men were generally hired in two ways : So much a month for a 
round trip, or a larger amount per month and take their discharge when 
the train was unloaded. 

A good man)r of the owners of trains, who followed freighting on the 
plains, lived in and around Westport, Mo. Some of them whom I 
remember, that lived on their farms, were Majors McKinney, Carr, 
Yeaeer and the four Havs brothers. These men usually corraled their 
wagons on their farms and herded their cattle near them. Among those 
that I remember, who lived in Westport, were the Bernards, Kearney, 
Hamilton and Findley. These usually corraled their wagons near the 
ed<re of the timber and close to water. They ordinarily considered that 
grass would be up enough by the twentieth day of May for the cattle to 
travel on and made their arrangements to make their start as soon after 
this as they could get off. Westport was a very busy place from the 
middle of May to the first of July. 

The Mexican trains and Indian traders began to come in soon after 
the first of June. These ordinarily were not freighters, although they 
used the same kinds of outfits. Possibly one-fifth of the Mexicans had 
mule trains. These trains usually corraled their wagons on what is now 
the Kansas side of Brush creek. 

Among the Indian traders, Bent always made his camp on what 
we always called "Bent's Hill." The ground is now owned by John Roe. 
Ward's camp was at a spring three-quarters of a mile west of the State 
line at about 6oth street, on ground lately sold by Henry Coppook. 
Lexton made his camp at a spring on the Reinhardt place. 

These men, Indian traders and Mexican merchants, left their train 
here while they went to St. Louis and bought their goods and shipped 


them to Kansas City by steamboats. The trains would generally be in 
camp here from one to two months. The traders brought in with them 
mostly buffalo robes, buck skins, (antelope skins were classed as buck 
skins), beaver felts, and anything else along this line that they could 
trade for these goods, they shipped to St. Louis and sold them there. 
They also brought with them a good many ponies, these they sold at 
their camps or at Westport. 

This is how we made axle grease, "dope" as we called it. We took 
rosin with us and bought tallow from traders. (I am speaking now of 
the time when buffaloes were plentiful.) This tallow was rendered out in 
the buffalo hunter's camp in a kettle over a buffalo chip fire. A recepta- 
ble to hold it was made by taking one-half of a hide and cutting holes in 
the four sides of it, through which were run sticks, then pressing it 
down in the center, thus forming a bag. Then four sticks with a 
crotch at the top were driven in the ground and the four corners of the 
bag with the sticks still in place were placed on the crotches, the bag 
cleaning the ground. In this was poured the melted tallow ^nd allowed 
to stand until the tallow hardened and it was then turned out and the 
bag was ready to be filled again. 

In the time of extreme wet weather, our cattle's hoofs would become 
soft and traveling in the sand, would become very thin, sometimes 
breaking through and then it became necessary to shoe them. We 
always carried shoes and nails with us. The shoes used for this pur- 
pose had neither toes nor calks, different from the shoes used for rocky 
or icy roads. If a steer's foot was broken through, and it was necessary 
to use a pad, we usually cut the pad out of our hat rim. 



Topography — Organization of County — First Election — County Officers 
— Members of the First Territorial Legislature — Border Trouble — 
Members of the Legislature — County Statistics. 



Johnson county is located in the western part of the State. It is 
bounded on the north by Leavenworth and Wyandotte counties, on the 
east by Missouri, on the south by Miami county and on the west by 
Douglass county. It contains 480 square miles, or 307,200 acres. When it 
was first organized, in 1855, the Kansas river was its northern boundary, 
but in 1859 the present boundary line was established. About ten per 
cent, of the county is bottom land, and ninety per cent, upland, and the 
surface generally undulating. The central and southeastern parts are 
the highest portions, the streams having their sources there and flowing 
northeast and south. The soil is very productive ; from one to six feet 
in depth and well adapted to the raising of wheat, corn, oats, potatoes 
and wild .and tame grasses. Alfalfa does well. Timber belts skirt the 
small streams where clearings have not been made. The streams are 
small. The Kansas river, along the west two-thirds of the northern 
border, receives as tributaries, Cedar, Clear, Captains, Mill and Turkey 
creeks. Blue and Indian creeks run eastward and the two forks of Bull 
creek run south. Good well water is found at an average depth of 
twenty-five feet. There is considerable limestone and some sandstone 
in the county, and excellent brick clay. 


Johnson county was organized in 1855, but there was no full set of 
officers until March, 1857, when Gov. Robert J. Walker appointed the 
following officers : Commissioners, John T. Ector, John Evans and 
William Fisher, Jr. ; probate judge, John B. Campbell ; treasurer, John 
T. Barton; sheriff, Pat Cosgrove. The commissioners held their first 
meeting on September 7, 1855. John Henry Blake was appointed clerk 
and Samuel C. Wear as deputy sheriff. But little business was taken up 
at this meeting. An election was ordered for the purpose of electing 
county officers, but owing to some informality connected with it, was 
declared void. October 28, another meeting was held at which time the 
townships of Aubry, Lexington, Monticello, McCamish, Olathe, Sante 


Fe (now Oxford), Spring- Hill and Shawnee, were organized, and 
special commissioners appointed to prescribe their boundaries. Gard- 
ner, then a part of Spring Hill township, was soon separately organized. 
At the third meeting of the commissioners, December 7, constables were 
appointed for each township ; Anderson Tate for Olathe, N. T. Milliner 
for Monticello, David P. Wear for Shawnee, T. M. Powers for McCam- 
ish, Robert Victor for Gardner, Jacob Buttram for Oxford and R. Todd 
for Lexington. 


In March 1858, the first county election was held. The following - 
officers were elected : Commissioners, John T. Ector, John J. Evans and 
William Fisher, Jr. ; J. J. Blake, register of deeds ; James Rich, clerk of 
board of commissioners ; Pat Congrove, sheriff ; Jonathan Gore, county 
attorney; S. B. Myrick, deputy clerk; Samuel Wear, deputy sheriff by 
appointment. In the following September, J. M. Griffin was appointed 
county attorney to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Jona- 
than M. Gore. The county at this time was overwhelmingly Democratic 
and the free State men made no attempt to elect officers. But they did 
attempt to arrest John T. Evans on account of his connection with 
operations in 1856. John Lockart was the leader of this party. After 
chasing Evans on the open prairie most of one day, he gave up the 
attempt, and returned to Olathe and arrested Judge Campbell, and took 
him to Lawrence for trial, but he was soon released. In the election of 
1859, the following county officers were elected by the Democrats : Pro- 
bate judge, E. F. W 7 ilkerson ; clerk, S. B. Myrick; treasurer, S. B. Squires ;; 
register of deeds, J. H. Blake; sheriff, Pat Cosgrove ; county attorney,, 
G. M. Waugh; surveyor, A. Slaughter; superintendent of public instruc- 
tion, I. W. Christison. All the officers elected were good men, and 
thoroughly competent to perform the duties devolving on them, with 
the exception of the treasurer. He proved to be a reckless and dishon- 
est official and at the end of the term was a defaulter for a considerable 
amount. In compensation, or part compensation, to the county, he 
offered to turn in Johnson county scrip, which was refused by the board 
of commissioners. Suit was brought and a judgment obtained against 
him for $6,000. He again tendered scrip which was again refused, and 
as a result his bondsmen were released. The county secured nothing" 
on the judgments and Squires left. 


The county officers elected in the fall of 1861, were all Republicans, 
though some of them had, but recently, joined the party. This was the 
case of S. B. Myrick, who had fought at the battle of Bull Creek under 
General Reid, and had been repeatedly elected to the office of county 
clerk by the Democrats. 


The contest was close, and the officers elected as follows: Commis- 
sioners, Elias'Mason, G. W. Roberts and Adam Sheets; clerk, J. H. Jack- 
son; register of deeds, S. B. Myrich ; treasurer, J. VV. Sponable ; sheriff, 
John Jones. 

Since the above election, the county officers have been as follows : 
County commissioners in 1863 were D. W. Williams, Evan Shriver and 
Elias Mason; 1864, Thomas Hogan to fill vacancy, in 1865 D. M. Will- 
iams, W. C. Smith, and C. L. Dille ; in 1867, B. F. Hollenbeck, John 
Brady and John Fulcher; 1869, W. H. Brady, John Brady and H. W. 
McClintock; 1873, J. A. Hibbard, J. E. Barnard,' V. R. Ellis; 1875, L. F. 
Watts, J. A. Hibbard, and Alexander Miller; 1877, Thomas Douglas, T. 
G. Stephenson, Thomas Pierce. 

After this election the law was changed and two commissioners held 
over, one only being elected each year. In 1878, C. Zehring was elected 
for three years, and in 1879, T. G. Stephenson; in 1880, A. Fritz; 1881,. 
C. Zehring; 1882-85-88, D. P. Hoagland ; 1884, David Hunt; 1886, R. 
R. Moore; 1887, P. J. Cross; 1889-92, I. D. Hibner; 1890, A. N. Edging- 
ton; 1891-94, Samuel McPherson ; 1893, Lewis W. Breyfogle ; 1895, C. K. 
Dow; 1896-99, W. S. Speer; 1897, I. H. Legate; 1898-1901, J. T. Cramer; 
1902, J. E. Young; 1900 -03, S. H. Allison; 1904, J. W. Perkins; 1906, 
Robert Baker; 1908, J. H. Hibner; 1908, Harry King; 1910, A. J. Cal- 
vert; 1912, W. W. Anderson; 1912, F. M. Gordon; 1914, J. W. Jones. 

Probate Judges of Johnson county have been as follows: 1862-64, L. 

F. Bladgett; 1866-68-70, B. Noteman ; 1872-74-76-78-80, G. F. Hendrick- 
son; 1882-84, F. E. Henderson; 1886-88, J. D. Allen; 1890, William 
Henry; 1892-94, William Pellet; 1896-98, James Hammond; 1900-02, S. 

G. Long; 1904--06, John T. Burris; 1908, S. G. Long; 1910-12, Robert 
Baker; 1914, G. A. Roberds. 

Sheriffs: 1863, John Jones; 1865-67, J. M. Hadly ; 1869-71, A. J. 
Clemmans; 1873, Nicholas Reitz ; 1875-77, A. J. Clemmans ; 1879-81,. 
William Julian; 1883-85, W. P. K. Hedrick ; 1887, C. V. Townley ; 1889, 
G. T. Goode ; 1891, J. R. Easdale; 1893-95, J- J- Glover; 1897-99, J. W. 
Jones; 1904, P. K. Hendrick; 1906-08, John Steed; 1910-12, L. L. Cave; 
1914, E. G. Carroll. 

County Clerks. — 1863-65-67, F. E. Henderson; 1869-71, J. T. Taylor; 
l8 73-75~77' Joseph Martin; 1879-81, Frank Hantoon ; 1883-85, Henry V. 
Chase; 1887-89, W. M. Adams; 1891-93, John J. Lyons; 1893-97, J. W. 
Thomas; 1899-1902, J. G. Rudy; 1904-06, Roscoe Smith; 1908-10, J. T. 
Kincaid ; 1912-14, W. J. Moore. 

Clerks of the District Court.— 1861, J. T. Weaver; 1864-66, S. B. My- 
rick; 1868, T. J. Hadley ; 1870-72-74, J. M. Hadley; 1876-78-80, A. H. 
Lott; 1882, J. H. Marshall; 1884-86, C.'e. Caress; 1888-90, W. F. Pugh ; 
1892-94, C. H. Mossman ; 1896-98, W. D. Morrison ; 1900-02, J. R. 
Thorne; 1904, Ben H. Hancock; 1906-08, G. W. Folmer; 1910-12, S. W_ 
Alderson; 1914, James Rose. 


Treasurers. — 1861-63, J. W. Sponable ; 1865, Col. J. E. Hayes; 1867- 
69, J. H. Blake; 1871-73, J. B. Bruner; 1875-77, H. A. Taylor; 1879-, A. J. 
Carpenter; 1893-85, Solon Rogers; 1887-89, G. F. Goode ; 1891-93, D. B. 
Johnson; 1895-97, Edgar Ripley; 1899-1902, A. E. Moll; 1904-06, W. T. 
Turner; 1908-10, J. T. Nichols; 1912-14, M. T. Meredith. 

County Attorneys. — 1864, A. S. Devenny ; 1865, William Roy; 1866, 
J. T. Burris; 1868, J. L. Wines; 1870-72, Frank R. Ogg; 1874, J. W. 
Green; 1876, J. P. Henderman, 1878, J. T. Burris; 1880, J. A. Rankin; 
1882-84, J- T. Little; 1886-88, J. W. Parker; 1890-92, S. D. Scott; 1894, F. 
R. Ogg; 1896-98, F. N. Hamilton; 1900, E. C. Owens; 1904, C. C. Hoge ; 
1906, J. R. Thorne; 1908-10, C. B. Little; 1912, R. C. Fay; 1914, C. L. 

County Surveyors. — 1861, R. Morgan; 1863, I. C. Stuck; 1865, M. J 
Burke; 1867, Frank L. Weaver; 1869-71, I. C. Stuck; 1873, D. Hubbard; 
J 875, J- P. Hindman; 1877, A. G. Carpenter; 1879-81, T. A. Parker; 
1883, David Hubbard; 1885-87, E. C. Owens; 1889-91, Jesse Pearson; 
1897, Lewis Terrill ; 1904, Ole Hibner; 1908, E. C. Owens; 1893-95, 
Fred Pickering; 1899-1901, A. G. Carpenter; 1906, Fred S. Pickering; 
1910-12, T. W. Nowland ; 1914, George Pike. 

Superintendents of Public Instruction. — 1861, L. F. Bladgett ; 1862, 
O. S. Laws; 1863, W. H. Smith; 1864, O. S. Laws; 1866-88, C. E. Lewis; 
1870, J. B. Pollock; 1872, B. S. McFarland; 1874, A. Rennick ; 1876- 
78, Frank Murdock ; 1S80, W. J. Hull; 1882-84, F. H. Taylor; 1886-88, J. 
L. Howard; 1890, Sadie J. Kelly; 1892-94, Nannie L. Anderson; 1896- 
98, Edith Barnett ; 1900-02, Maud Gavins ; 1904-06, Margaret McFar- 
land ; 1908-10, Emma Skinner; 1912-14, May Cain. 

Register of Deeds.— 1861, S. B. Myrick ; 1862-63, J. E. Clark; 1865- 
67-69-71, I. S. Farris; 1873, A. H. Lott ; 1875-77-79, E. L. Caress; 1881- 
83-85, R. E. Stevenson; 1887, J. H. Stevenson; 1889-91, J. O. Egleston; 
1893-95, Charles Sprague ; 1897-99, B. C. Donnelly; 1902, T. D. Hedrick ; 
1904-06, W. J. Shinn ; 1908-10, E. A. Garrett; 1912-14. Frank D. Hedrick. 

County Assessors. — 1861, T. T. Cadwallader ; 1863, W. B. Thorn; 
1865, J. T. Taylor; 1867, William Williams; after which the office was 
discontinued until 1908, when W. A. Mahaffie was appointed and elected 
to the office in 1910. Ed. Ripley was elected in 1912. The office was 
abolished by the legislature of 1913. The duties of the assessor now 
devolve on the county clerk. 

Coroner. — 1885-87, Thomas Hamill ; 1889, Dr. W. P. Furguson ; 1891, 
Thomas Hamill; 1893-95, J. B. Hulen ; 1897-1980, H. E. Williamson; 
1899-1902, Dr. S. C. Parler; 1 904-1906, E. P. Mills; 1910, D. E. Bronson; 
1912-1914, Dr. P. L. Lathrop. 

Johnson County Attorneys. — Hon. J. O. Rankin, of Paola, is dis- 
trict judge of the Tenth Judicial District, composed of Johnson and 
Miami counties and the following are Johnson county attorneys: Halli- 
day, C. B., Overland Park; Eaton, E. L., Gardner; Burris, John T., Bur- 


gess, H. L., Fay, R. Cecil, Gorsuch, C. W. Hayes, A. L., Hoge, C. C, John 
ston, J. D., Little, C. B., Little, John T., Morrison, W. D., Pickering, 
Fred S., Pickering, I. O., Orr, James R., Ogg., F. R., Owen, E. C., 
Parker, J. W., Parker, M. V., Randall, C. L., Scott, S. D., Seaton, S. T., 
Shuey, Ray L., St. John, J. P. and Thorne, John R. 


At the election of March 30, 1855, for members of the First Territorial 
legislature, Rev. Thomas Johnson was elected from Johnson county, to 
the Territorial council, now, called the senate, and his son, Alexander 
S. Johnson, to the Territorial legislature. The legislature was convened 
at Pawnee near Ft. Riley, in Davis county, and organized by electing 
Rev. Thomas Johnson, president of the council, and Dr. J. H. String- 
fellow, speaker of the house. Almost immediately after the organiza- 
tion, an act was passed, locating the capital at Shawnee Mission. The 
legislature adjourned to this, the first capital on July 16. One of its 
first acts was the organization of the settled portions of the territory 
into counties. Johnson county was named for the Rev. Thomas John- 
son, president of the council. The cgunty was thus organized and offi- 
cered two years, before any of the land came into market, and before 
any white people, except those connected with the Indians, were allowed 
to reside in it. At this session of the legislature, the road leading from 
Kansas City, Mo., to Santa Fe., N. M., passing through the center of 
the county, was declared a territorial road. A road was located through 
the northern part of the county to Lawrence, Lecompton and Ft. Riley, 
and another along the eastern line of the county from Westport to Ft. 
Scott. On the twenty-third day of October, 1855, the Free State Constitu- 
tional Convention assembled at Topeka. Johnson county was not repre- 
sented, its people being too pro-slavery. A constitution was adopted 
by the convention, the most important features of which was a clause 
prohibiting slavery in the State. On the fifteenth day of December, the 
Topeka constitution was submitted to the people and received a large, 
popular vote, outside of Johnson county. Almost the only anti-slavery 
people in the county at the time were the Hadleys, Jeremiah and his 
three sons, Samuel, T. J. and J. Milton Hadley, a family belonging to 
the society of "Friends." Jeremiah Hadley came out in August . to 
assume the duties of superintendent of the Shawnee Quaker Mission. 
The Hadley families were fearless advocates of the Free State cause. A 
young man by the name of John Lockhart, of some ability and good 
education, residing at the misson with the Hadleys, was elected to 
represent Johnson county in the legislature, under the Topeka consti- 
tution. The legislature was summoned to meet at Topeka, July 4, 1856. 
The members assembled in accordance with the summons, but were not 
permitted to organize, being dispersed by Col. (Major-General) Edwin 


V. Sumner, acting under orders from President Pierce. There were 
troublous times in eastern Kansas, generally, but Johnson county escaped 
in a remarkable manner, as the settlers at this early date were practically 
of one political belief, but where there were men of prominence in the 
county of Free State belief, they were made to feel that their absence 
was preferable to their presence. 


In August, of this year, a party of border ruffians went to the Quaker 
Mission, and after threatening to kill Jeremiah Hadley, stole six horses 
and a mule belonging to the mission, and a carriage owned by Levi 
Woodard. Then John Lockhart, who had been elected to the Free State 
legislature, was overtaken on his way to Chillicothe, about three miles 
west of the mission, by some armed men from Missouri, and threatened 
with arrest, as being in sympathy with Jim Lane. Calvin Cornatzer 
and Dr. Barton being with him, and Barton at the time, living at Chilli- 
cothe, persuaded the crowd that they were mistaken and none of them 
were harmed. A few weeks later, a squad of Missourians sought Lock- 
hart at the mission and searched the building for him. He saved him- 
self by dextrously slipping from one room to another that had been 
searched. The same summer Cornatzer was arrested at the instance of 
two of his pro-slavery neighbors, who accused him of being a Jim 
Lane man. He was taken to Tecumseh, lodged in jail and released the 
next day, the charge not being sustained. 

Perk Randall was elected a member of the legislature, Rev. Thomas 
Johnson holding over as a member of the council. 

In April, 1859, a proposition to hold a constitutional convention was 
submitted to the people of the territory. The proposition was sustained 
and the convention assembled at Wyandotte, on the first Tuesday of 
March, 1859. Johnson county was represented by J. T. Barton, Demo- 
crat, and J. T. Burris, Republican. Colonel Burris has the honor of 
being the first outspoken Republican in this, the then Democratic 
stronghold, and the first Republican elected at a general election. On 
the first Tuesday in the following October, the constitution framed by 
the Wyandotte convention was adopted by the people of Kansas by a 
majority of nearly 4,000, 10,341 for, and 5,530 against it. 

During the summer, for the first time in the history of the county, the 
Republicans organized and put in nomination candidates for the various 
county offices, and two candidates for the representatives in the legisla- 
ture. J. E. Hayes, of Olathe, and Dr. Scott, of Shawnee, for representa- 
tives. The Democrats nominated L. S. Cornwall, of Olathe, and Charles 
Simms, of Spring Hill. They were elected over the Republican competi- 
tors for majorities of 88 and 120 respectively. 



The first legislature of the State of Kansas met at Topeka, March 26, 
1861, Johnson county being represented by Lockhart in the Senate and 
by J. E. Corliss, J. F. Legate and J. E. Hayes in the house. In the 
following fall the Republicans won their first general victory in the 
county, electing J. F. Legate to the senate and W. H. M. Fishback, 
William Sheen and Eli McKee to the house by respectable majorities, 
and all the county officers. 

In 1862, they elected Fishback to the senate by a majority of 136, 
Charles H. Stratton to the legislature by a majority of 129, and William 
Williams, by a majority of twenty-nine. The Democrats elected D. 
H. Campbell by a majority of twenty-eight. Since that time Johnson 
county has been honored in the State senate by the following gentlemen : 
James B. Abbott, 1866; A. Arrasmith, 1868; G. M. Bokers, 1870; John 
P. St. John, 1872; W. W. Maltby, 1874; W. M. Hadlev, 1876, for 'four 
years ;' L. W. Breyfogle, 1880; R. W. Blue and W. M. Shean, 1884; 
This year the district was given two senators owing to its increase in 
population, but only for the one time. Thomas M. Carrol, 1888; J. W. 
Parker, 1892; W. B. Crossman, 1896; Frank W. Sponable, 1900; George 
H. Hodges, 1904 and 1908; W. J. Williams, 1912, term not yet expired. 

In the house of representatives the following gentlemen have been 
elected from Johnson county at the dates mentioned: John T. Burris, 
A. S. Johnson, Gerrit C. Rue, 1865 ; M. B. Lyon, Albert Johnson, 
J. W. Sponable, 1866; J. P. Robinson, D. G. Campbell, J. P>. Bruner, 
1867; R. E. Stevenson, D. B. Johnson, J. T. Rankin, 1868; J. T. Burris, 
John H. Lusher, Frederic Ridlou, 1869; William Williams, D. B. John- 
son, I. D. Clapp, 1870; J. H. Connelly, T. J. Stephenson, A. Taylor, 1871 ; 
Thomas Janes, J. M. Miller, A. Beldon, 1872; W. W. Maltby, 'George F. 
Rogers, Thomas Hancock, 1873; D. G. Campbell, R. E. Stevenson, Z. 
Meredith, 1874; D. G. Campbell, W, H. Toothaker, George F. Rogers, 
1875 ; George W. Ridge, Henry Perley, E. Clark, 1876. 

For two years. — L. W. Breyfogle, Archibald Shaw, J. B. Bruner 
1878; J. B. Hutchinson, Austin Brown, Rezin Addy, 1880; J. R. Foster, 
V. R. Ellis, 1882; V. R. Ellis, T. L. Hogue, 1884; Nicholas Reitz, 1886-88; 
C. M. Dickson, 1890; Nathan Zimmerman, 1892-94; J.'H. Hibner, 1896; 
T. L. Hogue, 1898-1900; William Speer, 1902; S. B. Haskins, 1904-06- 
08; C. H. Hyer, 1910; J. T. Kincaid, present member, 1912-1914. 


The population of Johnson county from i860 to 1910 is as follows : 
i860, 4,364; 1870, 13,725; 1880, 16,958; 1890, 17,385; 1900, 16,890; 1910, 
18,288. The population of Johnson county March 1, 1914, was T9,7°5, 
assessed valuation $40,318,845, as follows: 








and cities 

Population Land 

City lots 




The county . . . 







Aubury twp. . . . 













Gardner twp. . . 






De Soto 






Lexington twp. 













McCamish twp. 

. 747 






Mission twp. . . 







Monticello twp. 













Olathe twp. . . 







Oxford twp. . . . 












Shawnee twp. 







Spring Hill . . . 






Spring Hill twp 

. 618 







Crops Acres 

Winter wheat 51,659 

Corn 54,766 

Oats 24,537 

Rye 513 

Barley 35 

Irish potatoes 2,030 

Sweet potatoes 16 

Castor beans 2 

Flax 25 

Millet, tons 102 

Sugar beets, tons 2 

Sorghum for syrup 25 

Sorghum for forage or grain, tons... 187 

Milo, tons 149 

Kafir, tons 560 

Jerusalem corn, tons 40 

Fetterita, tons 12 

Timothy, tons 7,833 

Clover, tons 5,251 

Blue grass, tons 20,158 

Alfalfa, tons 4,139 

Orchard grass, tons 573 

Other tame grasses, tons 6,411 

Prairie grass (fenced) 29,477 

Total 208,500 

























(gallons 2,000) 















No. Av. Val. Tot. Ac. VaL 

Horses six months old and under one year 1,085 $ 35.06 $ 38,050.00 

Horses one year old and under two 1,036 50.56 52,385.00 

Horses two years old and under three 888 75.32 66,890.00 

Horses three years old and older 435 89.86 39,090.06 


Work horses 5,003 

Ponies, cripples and plugs 1,476 

Stallions 65 

Cattle six months old and under one year 4,305 

Cattle one year old and under two 3,083 

Steers two years old and under three 896 

Steers three years old and over, rough fed 149 

Steers three years old and over, half fed 83 

Steers three years old and over, full fed 95 

Cows and heifers two years old and over not kept for milk 2,708 

Cows two years old and over kept for milk 6,677 

Bulls one year old and over 351 

Mules six months old and under one year 451 

Mules one year old and under two 399 

Mules two years old and under three 470 

Mules three years old and over 153 

Work mules 1,313 

Asses and burros six months old and over 42 

Jacks 36 

Sheep six months old and over 1,461 

Hogs six months old and over 10,982 

Goats six months old and over 52 

Farm implements 

Wagons 2,083 

Carriages and buggies 1,550 

Automobiles 460 

Motorcycles 11 

Bicycles 26 

Gold watches 906 

Silver watches 414 

Plate and jewelry 

Pianofortes 899 

Other musical instruments 172 

All bonds not exempt from taxation 

Shares of stock in any company or corporation 

Moneys on hand and on deposit, including moneys invested 

in government bonds 

Credits taxable 

Average amount of merchant's stock for preceding year. . 
Average amount of merchant's moneys for preceding year. 
Average amount of manufacturer's stock for preceding year 

Value of manufacturer's products on hand March 1st 

Wheat, 86,695, bushels, value per bushel 

Oats, 152,035 bushels, value per bushel 

Corn, 279,060 bushels, value per bushel 

Seeds, 842 bushels, value per bushel 

Hay, 2,253 tons, value per ton 

Real estate sale contracts 

Judgments, amount owned 

Mortgages, amount owned 

All moneys invested in certificates of purchase at sheriff's 

sales 20.00 

Value of manufacturing tools, implements and machinery, 
other than engines and boilers, which shall be listed 

as such 18,345.00 

Engines and boilers, including gas engines 205 141.80 29.070.00 

Value of household furniture 198,435.00 

Family libraries, net taxable value 2,390.00 

Value of mechanical tools, law and medical books, sur- 
gical instruments and medicines 8,940.00 

Value of poultry 39,585.00 






















2 ( .l.-),720.00 









































































. . . 33 







Value of nursery stock 

Typewriting machines 

Adding machines . 

Cash registers 

Billiard and pool tables 


Threshing machines 

Electric and water motors 

Individual interests in mutual or co-operative telephone 

companies not operated for profit 202 2,025.00 

Value of all other species of personal property not herein 
listed, including particularly tax-sale certificates, office 
and store furniture and fixtures, cameras, kodaks, and 
picture-taking machines, incubators and brooders, fire 
arms, etc 90,460.00 

Dogs, three months old and over, March 1st: 

Male 1,540.00 

Female, spayed 30 L0.00 

Female, unspayed 105 230.00 

Corporation capital-stock assessments 87,650.00 

Assessments of shares of bank stock, after deducting as- 
sessed real estate 364,560,00i 

Pipe line and telephone property assessed by county 

assessor 48.920.00 

Total value of personal property 5,270,935.00 

Total Constitutional exemptions allowed 555,200.00 

Balance taxable personal property $4,715,735.00 



First Business Concerns — First Marriage — Horace Greeley Visits John- 
son County— Old Settlers— The Mehaffie House— The First Twenty 


Olathe "Herald," Kansas Territory, of December 29, 1859, contained 
professional cards of the following attorneys, Griffin and Ocheltree 
were editors at the time. 

Campbell & Deveney, Jones & Nash, McDowell & Means, E. S. Wil- 
kerson, William Ray, Wilson, Isaacs & Wilson, of Leavenworth City, 
Kans. Ter. ; Davis & Williams, Wyandotte ; Reid, Otter & Ronton, of 
Kansas City, Mo. ; Johnson, Stinson & Havens, Leavenworth City, Kans. 
Ter.; Jonathan Gore, Shawnee, Kans. Ter.; W. H. M. Fishback, Olathe; 
Glick & Sharp, Wyandotte ; P.artlett & Cobb, Wyandotte ; Shannon & 
Shanon, Lecompton, and J. T. & F. H. Bnrris, Olathe. Office south side 
of square, one door west of court house. 

The following land agents' cards appeared in the same issue of the 
"Herald :" 

John M. Griffin, attorney, notary public and general land agent; R. 
S. Stevens, general land agent ; Campbell & Barton, general land agents. 
E. S. Nash, attorney and general land agent, says, "The total expense 
for locating warrents, including his fees and land office fees, is twelve 
and one-half cents per acre, all letters of inquiry answered free of charge." 

Other advertisers in the "Herald" of this date are : The Planters Hotel, 
Leavenworth City; Exchange Hotel, Pleasant Hill, Mo.; Dare House, 
Olathe, S. F. Hill, proprietor, with good feed stable connected with the 
house; Francis Gallop, Westport, Mo., clocks, watches and jewelry; J. 
C. Forest, tailor, Olathe, Kans. ; Parmeter & Petit, Olathe, architects and 
builders ; The Pearl Saloon, Craig & Seward, proprietors, advertising 
a fine line of the best liquors, cigars, sardines, oysters, etc., an attentive 
barkeeper will always be found in attendance and order will be pre- 
served, no liquors sold on Sunday ; G. M. Ott, bakery and provision store ; 
Frederick Hoff, grocery; Olathe Academy, corner Park and Chestnut, 
Mrs. R. M. Forest, principal ; S. B. Myrick & Company, drugs and 
medicines ; Cornwall & Barton, real estate, one, two, three, five and ten 
acre tracts in their addition to Olathe ; Walker Maxwell & Company, 
office at the Spring Hill Nursery, Spring Hill, Kan?., 100,000 grafted 
apple trees at $15.00 per hundred ; The Kaw River Steam Sawmill offers 
walnut, oak, and cottonwood lumber at the mill, one-fourth mile below 


the bridge, N. B. Lumber exchanged for all sorts of produce by 
Barnett & Betton; McCarty & Barkley, forwarding and commission 
merchants, general steamboat agents and collectors. Nos. 5 and 6 
Levee, Kansas City, Mo.; Collins, Kellogg & Kirby, drygoods, notions 
and fancy goods, St. Louis, Mo. ; livery and feed, carriages, buggies and 
horses, J. T. Quarles ; W. C. Holmes & Company, of Wyandotte, 
announce their new flouring mill ready for operation and tell the "Her- 
ald" readers to "Read, mark, learn, and inwardly digest this;" D. M. 
Boland & Company, of Kansas City, Mo., tea, trays, window and look- 
ing glasses, chandeliers, fluid and coal oil lamps ; Pat Cosgrove, sheriff, 
advertises a sheriff sale of lot 3, block 10, and lot 9, block 30, with a good 
house on lot 3, situated in the town of Monticello; Greenbury Trekle, 
of Aubry township, gives notice to James Jones, a non-resident, that 
on the nth of October, A. D. 1859, an attachment for $25.55 ancl cost 
of suit has been made against him, and the following articles levied on : 
One buggy, one lot merchandise, one account book belonging to store, 
a musket, one haystack and lot of rails. Notice of sale, November 21, 
1859, at A. J. Gobharts, Aubry township, near Squiresville. 


The first record of a marriage license in Olathe was that of Charles 
A. Osgood to Miss Caroline Roberts, June 15, 1857, John P. Campbell, 
probate judge, performing the ceremony. Mr. Osgood was a partner 
with Dr. Barton in the laying out of the Olathe townsite. When the 
war broke out he went into the federal serve and was wounded in battle, 
and sent to Leavenworth, where he died. His body was brought to 
Olathe for burial.. He was buried in the western part of the city, 
near the Santa Fe railroad. The present cemetery, at that time, was 
not established. Julia A. Osgood was born, March 20, 1858, and was 
the first white child born in Olathe township. She and her mother, 
Mrs. G. B. Alger, reside on east Santa Fe Street, Olathe. Julia was 
married to J. D. Woodworth in 1889. Mr. Woodworth came from 
Cole county, Illinois. Mrs. Osgood married G. B. Alger after the 
close of the war. She has a clear memory of Olathe, as it was in 
1857. She and her husband owned and lived on the twenty-acre farm 
adjoining town on the south, now belonging to Clem Swank. She 
sent Julia to her first school at the old stone school house where 
a Mr. Deverel taught, and she went to a church on Kansas avenue, just 
south of where Willis Keefer's hardware store now stands. The first 
sermon Mrs. Alger heard preached in Olathe was in 1857, i n a building 
located at the southeast corner of the square. This building was used 
for soldiers' quarters during the war. Air. Alger was taken prisoner 
by Quantrell when he sacked Olathe, but was released with the other 
citizens of the town as he left. 



Greeley left Atchison on Monday, May 16, 1869, in a two-horse wagon, 
intent on reaching" Osawatomie by Tuesday evening. He had with 
him three people. The rains had been heavy and stage travel much 
impeded. His allusion to the Garden of Eden is surely good enough 
to satisfy anybody. 

The following quotation from the pen of the great journalist, in 
"Greeley's Overland Journey," has reference to his trip through Johnson 
county in 1859: 

"Lawrence, Kansas, May 20, 1859. 

"Crossing the trail almost at right angles, we left the smart village 
of Olathe (county seat of Johnson county) a mile or so to the west, and 
struck off nearly due south, over high prairies sloped as gently and 
grassed as richly as could be desired, with timber visible along the water 
courses on either hand. Yet there was little or no settlement below 
Olathe — for the next twenty miles that we traveled there was hardly 
an improvement to each four miles of the country in sight. And yet, 
if the Garden of Eden exceeded this land in beauty or fertility, I pity 
Adam for having to leave it. The earth was thoroughly sodden with 
rain, so that temporary springs were bursting out on almost every acre, 
while the water-courses, including those usually dry, ran heavy streams, 
each of them requiring" skill in the charioteer and good conduct on the 
part of the horses to pass them without balk or break. We must have 
crossed over a hundred of these 'runs' in the course of this day's travel, 
each of them with a trying jerk on the carriage, and generally with a 
spring on the part of the horses. These water-ways have generally a 
lime-stone bottom not far below the surface of their bed ; but their 
banks are apt to be steep, and are continually growing more so by 
reason of the water washing away the earth, which has been denuded 
of grass and worked loose by hoofs and wheels. Traveling by jerks 
like this is not so pleasant as over a macadamized road, yet our day was 
a bright and pleasant one. 

''Thirty miles of progress, twenty of them over prairie, brought us 
to Spring Hill, a hamlet of five or six dwellings, including a store, but 
no tavern. Our horses needed food and rest — for the wagon, with its 
four inmates, was a heavy drag over such going — so we stopped and 
tried to find refreshment, but with limited success. There was no 
grain to be had, save a homeophatic dose sold us for a quarter by a 
passing wagoner, and thankfully received ; we gave this to our steeds, 
regaled ourselves on crackers and herring, and pushed on." 

Mr. Greeley's statement of "No Tavern" at Spring Hill was due to 
the fact that Mrs. Hovey had a sick headache when the Greeley party 
arrived. The usual dinner hour had passed, and Mrs. Hovey, having 
no help that day, felt unable to furnish their meals. 


The "crackers and herring" were purchased in the old store across 
the street. 

The Greeley party left Atchison early Monday morning, going to 
Osawatomie, driving to Leavenworth. At Leavenworth they shipped 
their horses on board the steamer, "D. A. January," and went down the 
Missouri to Wyandotte. At Wyandotte they stayed over night and 
from there drove through Shawnee, on south to Spring Hill. This trip 
from Wyandotte to Spring Hill was what the "thirty miles of progress" 


The Old Settlers' Association of Johnson county holds an annual 
meeting — which is always an affair of great interest. The tenth an- 
nual meeting of this organization, held at Olathe, September, 7, 1907* 
had a double significance, in addition to being a regular meeting. 
It was the semi-centennial celebration of the opening of the county 
offices at Gum Springs, then the county seat, and was also the occa- 
sion of the dedication of the Santa Fe Trail monument erected in the 
public square at Olathe. 

One of the interesting records of that event is the registration of 
old settlers, attending the meeting, who arrived in Johnson county, Kan- 
sas, in 1857, or prior thereto, as follows : 

B. F. Cross, March, 1857; John Elston, October 21, 1857; W. A. 
Mahaffie, November 25, 1857; William R. Rutter, March 12, 1857; D. 
P. Hoagland, April 15, 1857; J. M. Hadley, March 18, 1855; William T. 
Quarles, February 11, 1857; Henry Fleek, May 10, 1857; Mrs - Rachel 
Fleek, May 10, 1857 ; Mrs. William Pellett, April 12, 1857; James Frame, 
October 19, 1857; Jiles H. Milhoan, February 24, 1857; Mrs. Belinda 
Milhoan, March, 1857; J. Henry Blake, March 7, 1857; William M. 
Johnson, May, 1847; Mrs - Mar Y J- Wagner, March 7, 1857; Mrs. J. E. 
Sutton, April 12, 1857; Mrs. Nelson Julien, April 12, 1857; Isaac Fenn, 
April 1, 1856; Thomas Adair, March 16, 1857; Mrs. Emily L. Millikan, 
May 28, 1857; George Thorne, May 17, 1857; David Smith, February 
14, 1857; Mrs. Lizzie Collins, November 22, 1857; Mrs. Sarah McAlister, 
February 22, 1857; D. P. DeTar, October 15, 1857; George White, Janu- 
ary 10, 1857; Mrs. Laura White, July 4, 1857; Levi Rice, March 24, 
1857; Mrs. Jane Rice, March 24, 1857; J. A. Pearce, April 1, 1857; Mrs - 
Jane Mascho, October 21, 1857; B. F. DeTar, May 8, 1857; J- J- McKoin, 
September 20, 1857; Mrs. Mary Donovan, March 15, T857; W. T. Turner, 
March 15, 1857; Dr. Thomas Hamill, May 15, 1857; Mrs - Anna Alice 
Smith, June 26, 1853; Fred Mclntyre, February 12, 1857; Mrs. Clara 
Honn, October, 1857; D. W. Bousman, April, 1857; James Skaggs, 
October 9, 1857; D. Hubbard, March, 1857; Mrs. M. A. C. Brown, 
October 10, 1857; Mrs. M. J. Washburn, October 10, 1857; Charles 
Sprague, April 7, 1857; William Bronaugh, February 8, 1857; T. H. 


Moody, July 20, 1857; Perry G. Cross, March 1, 1857; Mrs. Margaret 
Ogle, August 1, 1857; W. J. Cook, May 14, 1857; Pat Cosgrove, May 
15, 1857; Mrs. M. A. Bowen, September 14, 1857; Mrs. Mary Plummer, 
May 1, 1857; N. Ainsworth, February 20, 1857; Mrs. Mary Griffitts, 
August 5, 1857; F. W. Moody, July 15, 1857; James Russell, March 27, 
1857; Mrs. Isabel Julien, November, 1857; Mrs. George Alger, February 
14, 1857; Charles Dellahunt, March 22, 1857; Henry Mize, November 1, 
1857; Mrs. L. M. Sanderson, May 3, 1857; J. B. Mahaffie, October 20, 


The Mahaffie House is a stone building on the Santa Fe Trail 
about three-fourths of a mile northeast of the Olathe square and 
was at one time one of the popular hotels of the county. Beaty 
Mahaffie, who came here in 1857, built the hotel, the stake line of 
the early days changed horses here and brought Mr. Mahaffie many 
customers. William Mahaffie, ex-county assessor, was a boy of 
ten when his father located there, and he remembers many interesting 
things concerning early day history. A stage team g'ot scared one night 
as the driver was going to change horses, and in his effort to hold them 
the driver was jammed against a post as the team went through the gate, 
injuring him so severely that he died in a few days. The stage driver's 
name was John Thompson, a soldier who had just been mustered out 
of the service. The team, with the coach attached, ran out on the 
prairie, circled around, then came back through the gate into another — 
breaking it down before they were stopped. A lady and four children 
were in the coach but none of them was injured. William Mahaffie knew 
Sanderson, the owner of the stage line, quite well. Fie says he was a 
most interesting talker and had a wonderful memory. Mr. Sanderson 
said he never hated to give up any two stations as bad in his life as he 
did Mahaffies and Spragues at Spring Hill. As fast as the railroad was 
built south it put the stage line out of business and when the old Gulf 
railroad reached Ft. Scott, Mr. Sanderson had 400 head of horses on 
hand. Another man was operating a line from that point south and he 
came to Sanderson and asked him what he intended to do with all his 
stock. Sanderson told him that he was going to open up a new line 
through to Ft. Smith, Ark., by way of Baxter Springs, Kans. The 
other man said that would put him out of business if he did. "Buy me 
out then," said Sanderson, "$40,000.00 will do it," and the man bought 
him out. The Mahaffie house was 16x32 feet and is still stand- 
ing. J. B. Brunei", Fred Gilbert, Colonel Reed, of Ocheltree, and Captain 
Schermerhorn spent their first night in Kansas at Mahaffie's, and Mr. 
Mahaffie was instrumental in getting them to locate in Johnson county, 
and Johnson county has been the gainer because of it. 



(By John W. Giffin.) 

The act of the Territorial legislature, incorporating the Olathe Town 
Company, was passed and approved February 20, 1857. 

Dr. John T. Barton, who was formerly surgeon of the Shawnee 
Indians, conceived the idea of locating a town near the geographical 
center of the county for the purposes of a county seat. 

He associated with himself for the purpose of a town organization 
the following named persons who became by virtue of the act of the 
legislature the "Olathe Town Company," to-wit : Dr. John T. Barton, 
Charles A. Osgood, A. G. Boon, R. B. Finley, William Fisher, Jr., and 
Henry W. Jones. 

As soon as this portion of the Shawnee Reservation was surveyed 
by the Government surveyors, and the townships were sectioned, Dr. 
Barton made this selection with consent of the Shawnee Chiefs and a 
surveyor by the name of Bradford, from Lecompton, the then capital 
of the Territory of Kansas, was called upon to lay out the southeast 
quarter of section 26, and the northeast quarter of section 35, of town 
13, of range 23 east, into lots and blocks, streets and alleys which he 
did during the last week of February and the first week of March, 

A. D. 1857- 

Olathe was named in this manner, to-wit : as the lawyers would say 
before describing a piece of land ; Dave Daugherty, a Shawnee Indian, 
was brought along as chain carrier, and in case of necessity he could 
act as interpreter, if any squaws should come wandering around the 
new town, and when the train reached the top of the hill near where 
Jonathan Millikan now lives, the Doctor halted them, and with glowing 
cheeks and sparkling eyes, enthusiastically remarked that yonder were 
the quarter sections upon which the future county seat of Johnson 
county should be located. Dave straightened himself up — took one 
good look — gave a few of his Indian grunts and then exclaimed in 
Shawnee, "O lathe," which in the Indian language means beautiful. Dr. 
Barton then and there declared that the name of the future county seat 
should be the Shawnee Indian word for beautiful — Olathe. 

To insure the prosperity of Olathe, Dr. Barton and Charles A. Os- 
good erected a house 12x14 feet, one story high, on the lot where the 
Avenue House now stands, for the purposes of hotel, drug store, dry 
goods, groceries, saloon and postoffice, all of which were carried on 
with due regularity and to the great comfort of the hundreds of set- 
tlers who soon flocked into the county for the purpose of securing 
locations near the county seat. 

During the summer of 1857 Dr. Barton and a young man by the 
name of Edwin S. Nash entered into partnership for the purpose of 


showing claims subject to preemption — they having purchased the held 
notes from the Government surveyor, and from the Shawnee chiefs 
the numbers of the lands selected by the Shawnees, thereby enabling 
them to point out long before it was made public the certain pieces of 
land that would be subject to preemption, and by this means they were 
enabled to exhibit a degree of prosperity that might otherwise have 
been wanting as they charged from $10.00 to $25.00 for showing a 
"claim" clear of the Indian selections. 

Dick Taylor, a fiery young Southerner from Louisiana, and since 
that, the renowned Gen. Dick Taylor, of the Southern Confederacy, 
built the house now standing where M. G. Miller's grocery store is 
now located, on the southeast corner of the public square, and north 
of the Peoples Savings Bank. This house was built during the month 
of August, 1857. 

About the same time Eugene Bell built the first store house on the 
corner where Charley Tillotson's stone building now stands, on the 
northeast corner of the public square. 

The next house built was what was afterwards known as the "star 
saloon," and kept by a young man, a nephew of the first member of 
Congress from the Territory of Kansas, after the organization of the 
Territory. This house was built by Judge John Polk Campbell, a 
cousin of James K. Polk, President of the United States. Judge Camp- 
bell had been formerly a Slate's attorney for the Nashville District of 
the State of Tennessee. Judge Campbell came to Olathe early in the 
summer of 1857, and having purchased a half interest from AVilliam 
Fisher, Jr., a former secretary of the Olathe Town Company, and Fisher 
resigning. Judge Campbell was elected secretary of the company, and 
from this time until the end of the organization Dr. John T. Barton 
was the president and J. P. Campbell the secretary of the town company. 

In May, 1857, Jonathan Millikan came to Olathe and during the 
month of August of that year built the first residence ever built in the 
town. It stands yet, on the south side and in the middle of block 
number 29, being the same block in which the old Masonic hall was 

About this time in 1857 a house was built where the court house 
now stands and here is where the first child was born in Olathe, during 
the fall of 1857. It was a female child of African descent. 

Simion F. Hill, during the summer of 1857. built the store room 
where John V. Haverty, who since married his youngest daughter, 
Alice, and opened out a general country store — keeping everything 
young Western life should need or want. 

During the month of June, 1857, a hotel was built on the lot in the 
rear of where the colored school building now stands, and facing on 
Santa Fe Avenue. This was kept by J. B. Whittier, a brother of 
Mrs. Jonathan Millikan and a cousin of the great Poet Whittier, and 


a young man by the name of Jerry D. Conner, now, and since 1859, a 
resident of Eldorado, Butler county, Kansas. Mrs. Jonathan Millikan 
was the first white woman to reside in Olathe, and Mrs. Mary Whalen,. 
now Kirby, the second one. Mrs. Kirby's daughter, Miss Mary Ann 
Whalen, was the first white child. Her mother brought her to Olathe 
when she was only about eight weeks old, and she has been a citizen 
of the town continuously ever since, and is now nearly nineteen years 
old. Time flies rapidly and we find in the town and county those who 
were not born when we first knew this country, who are now young 
men and women, yet we do not appreciate the fact that the time is 
fast approaching when we, who knew this country in its infancy, will 
know it no more. 

During the fall of 1857 a man by the name of Charles Mayo, a 
lawyer, who had formerly been the mayor of the city of Boston, built 
the house now known as Fishback's office, on the southwest corner 
of the public square. 

In September, 1857, Henderson H. Boggs built the house now known 
as the Avenue House, on the west side of the public square. This was 
first occupied by Whittier and Conner during the winter of 1857 an d 
the spring and summer of 1858, then Boggs sold the house to a young 
man by the name of Benjamin Dare, and he, while acting as deputy 
postmaster in S. F. Hill's absence, abstracted a letter belonging to 
L. F. Crist from the office and being found out and arrested, was 
bound over to court, gave Hill as his bondsman, sold Hill the hotel 
and left for parts unknown, or at least he has never yet been discovered. 
Then Hill sold the house to the Turpins. 

During the summer of 1857 the following named persons came to* 
Olathe and settled here, some of whom are yet to be seen and who 
still love the town : Judge John P. Campbell, Jonathan Millikan, Nel- 
son Wood, J. B. Whittier, Jerry D. Conner, J. Henry Smith, J. Henry 
Blake, Jonathan Gore, C. M. Ott, Dick Taylor, Eugene Bell, S. F. Hill 
and family, B. L. Roberts and family, J. B. Mahaffie and family, Mrs. 
Jonathan Millikan, Mrs. Mary Kirby, Miss Mary Ann Whalen, Fred 
Hoff and family, J. C. Forrest, William Bronough, J. E. Milhoan, 
Jacob Thuma, Isom Mayfield, A. A. Cox, William M. Mosley, Charles 
Mayo, Robert Brown, John Clay, William Cox, Watts Beckwith, Bal- 
cane Pettit, Pat Cosgrove, S. B. Myrick, J. E. Sutton and family, Dr. 
Thomas Hamill, Peter Winke and his niece, Charles Osgood, Edwin S. 
Nash, Henderson H. Boggs and a tinsmith by the name of McClelland, 
together with a few others who have long since left and can not now 
be called to mind. 

Dr. John T. Barton was the first resident of Olathe. Judge J. P.. 
Campbell was the first resident lawyer. Hamill was the first resident 
physician. B. L. Roberts was the first blacksmith, Eugene Bell was. 


the first dry goods merchant and the first man to make an assignment 
for the benefit of his creditors. Dr. John T. Barton was the assignee. 
Dr. Barton and C. A. Osgood kept the first postoffice. Dr. Barton 
was the postmaster. Judge Campbell was the first probate judge after 
the county seat was located at Olathe. J. Henry Blake was the first 
register of deeds, and recorded the first deed made in the county in the 
city of Olathe. Jonathan Gore was the first county attorney. S. B. 
Myrick was the first county clerk in Olathe. John T. Barton was the 
first mayor. 

Whittier & Conner kept the first hotel. S. F. Hill kept the first first- 
class store. Fred Hoff, the first lager beer. C. M. Ott established 
the first bakery and was the first baker. Balcane Pettit was the first 
carpenter. Mrs. Jonathan Millikan was the first white woman to reside 
in Olathe. 

In the fall of 1857, Edwin S. Nash was elected to the Territorial coun- 
cil from Olathe, it being supposed at the time that it was simply a "Free 
State" victory, but it was not, the object being a little private legis- 
lation for the benefit of the Olathe Town Company. On the twelfth day 
of February, 1858, Edwin S. Nash succeeded, in the Territorial legisla- 
ture, in having a general act passed and approved to regulate the entries 
and disposal of town sites. 

In section 3 of that act it was provided "that all persons, who select 
and lay out a town site, and their assigns shall be deemed occupants of 
said town site." 

Now, you may ask, Where is the nub to this piece of history? Well, 
here it is, and it may have a tendency to open the eyes of a great many 
real estate owners right here in Olathe. 

All town sites in Kansas, laid out upon Government lands, were 
preempted under an act of Congress which provides that certain sub- 
divisions of Government land may be preempted by the mayor or other 
chief officer of an incorporated town "for the several use and benefit 
of the occupants thereof." 

You can see the dilemma that stood staring this speculative town 
company square in the face. Under the act of Congress the preemp- 
tion of the town site was for the exclusive benefit of the persons who 
resided upon the land selected for a town site at the date of the pre- 
emption, and not for a mythical town company whose members may 
or may not have had an existence. 

In Olathe only two of the town company, Dr. Barton and Judge J. 
P. Campbell, resided upon the town site, at the date of the preemption, 
May 17, 1858. William Fisher, Jr., and C. A. Osgood were both living 
upon their farms at that date, and claiming to be occupants of their 
lands for the purposes of preemption, under a different act of Congress 
from that of the town site preemption law, and therefore were not occu- 
pants under the act of Congress of the town site of Olathe. 


The other members of the town company of Olathe, under the act 
of the legislature of February 20, 1857, were non-residents of the Terri- 
tory of Kansas and resided, principally, in Jackson and Piatt counties, 
Missouri, and never were occupants of Olathe or Kansas, in any sense 
of the term, but were mere town site speculators at the expense of the 
citizens of the town sites in Kansas. 

Under the act of Congress the town site was to be preempted for 
the several use and benefit of the occupants, the resident owners, and 
where no division of the property had been settled upon the preemption 
was completed, then the lots and blocks would have to be divided equally 
among the occupants per capita. 

The Olathe Town Company, by one of their silent partners, were, as 
they supposed, relieved by the act of February 12, 1858, from deeding 
any share of the town after its preemption to the poor devils who, by 
their occupancy or residency, made it possible for the town company 
to preempt any land belonging to the general Government. Under this 
same act of Congress, it was necessary to have every legal subdivision 
of the land settled upon and improved before they could prove up 
at the land office and receive their certificate of preemption, and in 
doing this it required a goodly number of citizens to spread over 320 
acres of land and have someone living on each forty acres of the town 
site at the date of the preemption.. It could not very conveniently be 
done without inhabitants, and Olathe was not an exception to this 
universal rule throughout Kansas. Hence, you see, the necessity of 
some show of right at least by this speculative town company, in the 
act of the legislature, approved February 12, 1858, for their own and 
other town companies' benefit. 

They knew very well when the act was passed and approved that 
it was unconstitutional and void for the simple reason that the legis- 
lature of the Territory had no power to legislate upon the subject or 
to pass laws controlling the disposal of the Government lands in any 
manner, shape or form, or to change the well known meaning of an 
act of Congress. It answered their purpose, however, as a large ma- 
jority of the occupants, actual residents, knew no better, and in the 
excitement consequent upon the early settling of a community, did 
not wish to interfere with the company's little game of speculation by 
entering into law about their rights, without some assurance as to 
what the profits would be in the end, but there were a few who protested 
in Olathe, and the legal title of the whole, old original town, today 
is in Dr. J. T. Barton, the trustee, of the real and bona fide occupants, 
who preempted the Olathe site as president of the Olathe town site 
incorporation, and the equitable title is where the act of Congress places 
it, in the occupant at the date of the preemption. 

The town company's deeds to parties, whether occupants or non- 
residents, are entirely Worthless, being in direct violation of the act 


of Congress, and as the town company owned nothing, the titles erai- 
nating- from the town company are not only absolutely void, but are 
fraudulent in the bargain. 

The only title now to real estate upon the original town site of Olathe 
is occupancy, cured by the general statutes of limitation making fifteen 
years peaceable and continued possession a good and sufficient title 
to real property in Kansas. 

The town site of Olathe was preempted by Dr. John T. Barton on 
the seventeenth day of May, A. D. 1858. 

During the year 1858 the following named persons settled in Olathe: 
John M. Giffen, F. W. Chase, James W. Parmeter, A. J. Clemenans and 
family, D. W. Wallingford, Col. J. E. Hayes and family, Mr. Swartz 
and family, A. J. Hill and family, C. J. Coles, Hank Cameron, Col. 
J T. Burris and family, M. J. Posey Drake and family, L. S. Cornwell 
and family, Dr. A. J. Mcintosh, Noble Carithers and family, and Dr. 

The resident lawyers of Olathe, for the year 1858, were Jonathan 
Gore, county attorney; J. P. Campbell, probate judge; Col. J. T. Burris 
and John M. Giffen. 

The doctors for the year 1858 were Dr. Thomas Hamill, Dr. Torrence, 
Dr. A. J. Mcintosh, Dr. Burton, then being treasurer of Johnson county, 
Kansas, and not in the practice of medicine. 

Some time during the latter part of the summer season of the year 
1858 a Mr. Drummond, an Episcopal minister, who had settled on a 
claim near Spring Hill, came to Olathe and preached the first sermon 
in Olathe ; then came the Fishers, Bowles and other Methodist minis- 
ters, whose names have slipped from our memory, and finally Father 
Isaac C. Beach, late in October, 1858, came to Olathe and commenced 
the organization of the Presbyterian church, and preached regularly 
from that time on, until the war was over and peace had again been 
restored, and then being an old man and feeble, finally gave up the 

In the summer of 1858 A. J. Clemans established his blacksmith shop. 

Col. J. E. Hayes, during the summer of 1858, built the store room 
now owned by Ross Walker, on the south side of the square, next door 
east of J. E. Sutton's dry goods house, also a dwelling house on the 
lot where George H. Beach's hardware store is now situated, being 
the same house that now stands between Beach's store and the Congre- 
gational church ; and William Tuttle built a dwelling house on the lot 
where Dr. Bell's house now stands, on the corner of Park and Water 
streets. Several other small buildings were erected during the summer 
and early fall and winter of 1858, but they have gone the way of all 
temporary worldly things, and the places that knew them then know 
them no more. 


During the summer of 1858, the county officers who had located in 
Olathe after the election held in March of that year, fixing the county 
seat of Olathe, were ordered by Governor Denver to go back to Shaw- 
neetown, or "Gum Springs," as it was then known in the statutes, mak- 
ing that place the county seat of Johnson county, Denver claiming 
that there was no authority for the election held in March, 1858, remov- 
ing the county seat from "Gum Springs" to Olathe. 

At first they refused to go, but when Governor Denver told them 
they must go, or he would declare the offices vacant, and fill them 
with men who would obey orders, they silently, but grumly, gathered 
up their books and papers and as a matter of course went, to the great 
disgust of the citizens of Olathe. 

During the remainder of the year 1858 the good people of Olathe 
took time by the forelock and put in their best licks for the county 
seat, and when the contest that followed later came off, Olathe was 
victorious and the county seat boys came back from "Gum Springs" 
to Olathe and were received with open arms and happy rejoicings. 

During the winter of 1858 we were planning for better and more 
numerous mail facilities, having only one mail a week from the east, 
by Hill & Hockidy's overland stage line from Westport, Mo., to Santa 
Fe, N. M. S. F. Hill was our postmaster. Then the office had to go 
begging for someone to look after it, as the emoluments of the office 
were not sufficient inducement to tempt even a man out of employment. 

The town of Olathe commenced early in the fall of 1858 to organize 
a school, and E. R. Annet, of near Gardner, was employed to teach, and 
he taught a five-months school in Dick Taylor's house, where Miller is 
now running his grocery store. 

During the winter of 1858-59, everything was quiet in Olathe, and a 
few old settlers in the county moved into town — Col. J. T. Quarles and 
family, from the old town site of Lexington, moved to Olathe, also his 
son-in-law, David Bailey, and his family. Along toward spring came 
William Peck and family, Philander Craig and family, Archie Carahan, 
Tappy, William B. Stone, and later came W. H. M. Fishback and family, 
James Ingals and family, Joe Clark, W. A. Ocheltree, Thomas W. Roy 
and his mother, Mrs. Jennet Chapin, Charley Tillotsen and Dr. A. E. 
Edwards, William Pellett and the Rev. James Lackey, a Baptist minis- 
ter from near New Athens, Ohio. 

William B. Stone came to Olathe during the month of March, 1859, 
with his photograph gallery, being the first institution of the kind in 
Olathe or Johnson county. 

In the month of August, 1859, John M. Giffen and A. Smith Devenney 
established the Olathe "Herald," and the first issue of the paper was 
on the twenty-ninth day of August, 1859. W. A. Ocheltree was fore- 
man, C. J. Coles and Hank Cameron were principal type stickers and 
R. A. Frederich, later a leading attorney of Topeka, devil ; A. Smith De- 


venney and John M. Giffen, editors, type stickers, business managers 
and general agents, etc. During the month of October, 1859, Judge 
Devenney retired from the paper and visited Washington City during 
the winter. The "Herald" was the first paper published in the county 
and was Democratic. 

The contract was let to build the county jail and Col. J. F. Hayes 
was awarded the contract. James W. Parmeter was the principal car- 
penter in town and did the carpenter work of the jail, as he then did all 
fine jobs of work in that line in the town. We felt good, all of us, every- 
body in town, when the contract was let to build the jail, as we felt con- 
fident that it would be built if Colonel Hayes got the job, and when 
the jail was once built, and so large a sum of money expended that the 
county seat business would be settled, let it be recorded. 

On the ninth day of April, 1859, William B. Stone opened up the 
second term of school taught in Olathe. From that time up to the pres- 
ent, Olathe has always been provided with good teachers. During the 
fall and winter of 1859, Mr. Annett again taught the Olathe school. 

During this season a good many improvements were made in Olathe, 
but a large portion of them were of such a flimsy character that they 
were entirely obliterated by the close of the war. 

Fred W. Case, in the spring of 1859, commenced the erection of the 
stone building, now used for the court house, on the southeast corner of 
the public square, and by fall had it completed and enclosed ready for 
occupancy, except plastering. 

A. J. Hill, during the summer of 1859, built a stone building on the 
east side of the public square. 

Philander Craig, in the spring of 1859, built the frame house now 
standing on the northeast corner of Wiley street and Santa Fe Avenue. 

The Rev. Isaac C. Beach, early in the spring of 1859, built the build- 
ing lately burned, on the southwest corner of block 62, on the northeast 
corner of Cherry and Cedar streets. 

B. L. Roberts during the year of 1859, built the house standing just 
north of the old stone building on the east side of the public square, 
where Henry Blake formerly sold drugs, and later as Dr. J. B. Morgan's 
drug store. 

John Logan, in 1859, a ^ so built a dwelling house. 

Sam Erwin also in June, 1859, built a dwelling on the lots where Dr. 
J. B. Morgan afterwards built the house, later occupied by William L. 
Lawrence on Santa Fe Avenue. These constitute the substantial im- 
provements made during the year 1859. The town was well represented 
in the carpenter line during this year, among whom we might mention, 
James W. Parmeter, Joe Clark, Tappy, Balcane Pettit, Robert Ingalls 
and some others whose name we have lost and cannot at this moment 


Andy Clemens was the sole blacksmith, B. L. Roberts being engaged 
on his farm during the summer. 

Dr. Hamill, Dr. Mcintosh, Drs. Barton & Edwards, and occasionally 
Dr. Peter Julien would come from Wyandotte. This constituted the 
whole number of physicians for the year of 1859. 

The lawyers for this year were increasing in numbers. They were John 
T. Burris, John M. Giffen, A. Smith Devermey, William Roy and W. 
H. M. Fishback. 

In writing this article we have this object in view. There are a great 
many little things that usually happen to the early settlers of almost 
every county, and at the same time they may become very valuable as 
a matter of history. 

In the fall of 1859, the citizens of Olathe came to the conclusion that 
an agricultural society would be a good thing for Olathe and Johnson 
county, and a call for a meeting of the citizens of the county was inserted 
for that purpose, in the columns of the Olathe "Herald," and on the 
eighth day of October, 1859, at the court house in Olathe, the first 
effort in the county was made, to organize an agricultural society. It 
was one of those wet, rainy days, about like Monday, and the citizens 
of Olathe did the principal part of the wind work necessary to start 
such an institution, but it dried up, as every other thing did, throughout 
Kansas, during the year i860, that followed. This was the last rain,, 
sufficient to wet the ground, that we poor mortals saw in Johnson 
county until the last of January, 1861. It did rain a few drops occasion- 
ally during the year i860, but not enough to lay the dust or make the 
roads muddy. In proof of what we have here stated we may be per- 
mitted to make a statement of a little circumstance that happened in 
Olathe on the twelfth day of May, i860. A man by the name of Self, liv- 
ing on the border of Jackson county, Mo., had kept a register of the 
weather for forty-three years in that locality, and during that time it had 
never failed to rain on the twelfth day of May, and some of the citizens 
of Olathe had so much faith in the statement that it always rains on 
the twelfth day of May, that large bets were made that it would rain 
in the public square in Olathe, on that day. Here is where we made bets 
on it raining and missed it. It did sprinkle along the border near Mis- 
souri, but not a drop fell in the public square, and ye local lost his shot 
gun, a silver watch and twenty-five dollars in Johnson county scrip. 
Others lost three or four times as much, and those who believed it never 
intended to rain again got away with our baggage, but they were aw- 
fully scared for fear they would lose the bets, as about sundown a large,, 
dark and ominous-looking cloud came up from the west, and passed 
directly over the public square, but the cloud was as silent as the tomb 
and it gave forth not one drop of water until it reached the town of 
Oxford, adjoining Little Santa Fe, Mo. The whole winter of 1859 and 
i860 was like the most delightful September day of late years, not one 


cloud to be seen and the warm, southern wind came continually without 
frost or snow to enliven the monotonous scene. We then thought the 
winter delightful, but when vegetation refused to come forth at nature's 
bidding in its season, we longed for a season of rain, sleet, snow, or even 
a hurricane with all its dire consequences, rather than have the dry 
weather continue, but none came in answer to the prayers of our people, 
and during the entire summer and winter of i860, our soil was parched up 
by the almost unendurable heat and hot southern winds. The air was 
full of dust all the time, and the Santa Fe freighters had to take the road 
at night, and lay by during the day time to save their cattle and mules 
from perishing. Corn in some instances did not even sprout when 
planted, and some of the corn, after it did come up, was dried up before 
it got up knee-high, while in some localities, near the streams from twen- 
ty to thirty-five bushels of corn were raised per acre. The grass around 
Olathe never grew above a foot high in length during the season, when 
the years 1859 and 1861 gave us grass waist high. The people of John- 
son county most certainly suffered the dry season, but as the entire popu- 
lation were newcomers and were generally prepared to stand a siege, very 
little aid was asked or obtained, and we were living and unwilling wit- 
nesses of the swindle practiced upon the charitable people throughout 
the East. 

On the twentieth day of February, i860, the Good Templars organized 
a lodge in Olathe with forty-four charter members. In one week the 
number had increased to seventy members and before the spring had 
fairly set in 165 members had been gathered into the folds of sobriety 
and included every single man and lady in town and in the country for 
four or five miles out. James Evans was worthy chief templar and 
C. J. Coles, worthy scribe. Evans became obnoxious to the balance of 
the lodge, and they determined to abandon their charter for the purpose 
of getting clear of him and so some one moved that the Olathe lodge of 
Good Templars adjourn sine die. Then it was that Evans made his 
famous speech and declared that the "lodge could not sign the die, so long 
as there was a decorum of seven," but the lodge did "sign the die," and 
thereby got clear of Evans. A few members who were not mixed up 
in these proceedings, made applications for a new charter, and in a week 
from that time all were back again in the Good Templars lodge, save 
and except Evans. So, you see, there are more ways of choking a dog to 
death than doing it with butter. 

The next affair of importance to the citizens of Olathe, happened on 
the twenty-seventh day of February, i860: Dr. J. T. Barton, the 
then mayor of the city of Olathe, caused to be published the following 
notice. We copy it as we find it in the Olathe "Herald" of that date: 


The Trustees of the Town of Olathe will meet at the mayor's office on 
the fifth day of March, i860, for the purpose of taking into considera- 


tion the propriety of fencing the public square, and planting the same 
in shrubbery. . 

"J. T. Barton, Mayor." ' 

February 27, i860. 

And on the fifth day of March, i860, the contract was made with Mr. 
S. F. Hill, to put a good substantial fence about the public square, and 
before the middle of April, of that year, the fence was completed and the 
square was planted with black locust trees. Dr. Barton had purchased 
the seed and employed Tom Mockabee, of Jackson county, Missouri, to 
raise the trees for this purpose. 

On the eighth day of March, i860, Olathe Lodge, No. 19, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, contracted with James W. Parmeter to build the 
.first Masonic hall ever erected in Olathe or Johnson county. It is stand- 
ing, and since the building of the room over the postoffice, was lately 
occupied by L. H. Dow as a residence, and is now owned and occupied 
by the Canutt brothers as a residence. This building was dedicated on 
the twentieth day of June, i860, and L. S. Cornwell made the dedication 

On Monday, the second day of April, i860, the following named per- 
sons were chosen trustees of the town of Olathe for the year i860: S. 
F. Hill, J. E. Hayes, A. J. Mcintosh, Robert Mann and W. FI. M. Fish- 
back. S. F. Hill was elected mayor. 

The citizens of Olathe, on the fifth day of April, i860, had the pleasure 
of seeing the first stage coach on the tri-weekly mail line through Olathe 
established. It ran from Kansas City, Mo., to the Sac and Fox agency. 

On the twenty-first day of April, i860, the first railroad convention 
was held in Olathe. It was held for the purpose of appointing delegates 
to attend a railroad meeting to be held at Baldwin City on the twenty- 
eighth' day of April, i860, and to appoint a railroad executive committee 
for Johnson county. 

During the first week of May, i860, 700 "prairie schooners" passed 
through Olathe on their way to Kansas City, Mo., from Santa Fe, N. M. 

Corwell & Barton's addition had then begun to open up inducements 
to settlers, and W. S. Peck was the first to build over in that part of 
town. Mr. Swartz came next, and then A. J. Hill, James Ingall and 
Aaron Mann, and Cornwall & Barton's addition became a part of the 
town of Olathe. 

On the seventeenth day of May, i860, eight persons, all "kinfolks," 
landed in Olathe, direct from Western Virginia. They were relatives 
of B. L. Roberts, and some of them still live in Johnson county. The 
Duffields, Fishers, Roberts and Davises and among them, Mrs. Ecken- 
green, who has since resided in Olathe, and Joseph Flutchinson and 

On the twenty-fifth day of June, i860, the new Masonic hall was dedi- 
cated; J. P. Campbell, William Roy and J. E. Hayes were the commit- 


tee on invitation, and L. S. Cornwell made the dedication speech, and 
James W. Parmeter played the part of Hiram. 

The celebration of the Fourth of July, i860, was the first of the kind 
ever held in Olathe. Qlathe had been unfaithful in this respect, and her 
citizens finally concluded, in i860, to have a grand old "Fourth," and 
advertised a free dinner on that day for all who would come, and made 
preparations to feed 1,000 strangers; but 2,000 strangers came, and, as 
a natural consequence, somebody had to go away hungry ; and from that 
day to this, Olathe has never again said free dinner to the people of 
Johnson county. 

On Sunday, July 15, i860, Patrick Sullivan was found dead in the public 
square. It appeared from the evidence before the coroner's jury that 
Pat had been on a "bit of a spree" for several days before, and had gone 
over into the square for a "nap" and had been forgotten until found 
there on Sunday, dead. The verdict of the jury was that he had died 
of congestion of the brain, caused by excessive use of intoxicating 
liquors, and by exposure to the heat of the sun. 

On the evening of July 15, i860, Joseph Ffagen, our county assessor, 
was drowned while bathing in the Missouri river at Kansas City, Mo., 
and on the seventeenth Col. John T. Quarles was appointed to fill the 
vacancy by the board of county fathers. 

On the eighteenth day of July, i860, the first examination of students 
for admission to practice law was held in Olathe. Governor Shannon, 
Judge Cato, one of the Territorial judges and General Wear were the 
examining committee, and W. A. Ocheltree, Columbus Burris and George 
H. Flam were the applicants. The committee gave them great credit for 
the intelligent manner in which they passed the fiery ordeal. 

On the nineteenth day of July, i860, there were present in attendance 
upon our district court, then presided over by the Hon. Joseph Will- 
iams, the following named attorneys : Governor Shannon, Judge Cato T. 
T. Abrams, William Holmes, Gen. A. C. Davis, district attorney for 
the territory of Kansas ; Charles S. Glick, L. F. Jones, James Christian, 
judge Smith, of Fawrence ; Samuel Young, J. Stockton, John Groom, 
H. M. Vail, F. S. Boiling, M. Wolf, James F. Fegate, G. M. Waugh, A. 
P. Walker, W. H. M. Fishback, Tohn T. Burris, Edwin S. Nash, Archie 
Carnahan, E. S. Wilkinson, Gen. R. B. Mitchell, W. P. Famb, P. J. Camp- 
bell, A. S. Devenney and John M. Giffen, with William Roy as clerk of 
the court. 

On the twenty-eighth day of August, i860, a temperance ball was given 
in Hayes hall, in Olathe. No one was permitted to attend who had tasted 
spirituous liquors within the twenty-four hours preceding the ball, and 
no one was permitted to enter the hall and look on who had taken a 
drink that day. It was strictly a temperance ball in every respect ; it 
was the first and last of the kind ever held in Olathe. 

On the twenty-sixth day of September, i860, William H. Seward made 



his ever to be remembered speech, at Lawrence, Kan., and a large ma- 
jority of the Good Templars lodge, at Olathe, attended the meeting in 
Lawrence. Nearly every one from Olathe (we mean the boys of course) 
got considerably stewed, and the result was what might have been ex- 
pected by the remainder of the members of the lodge who stayed at 
home. They attempted to turn out those who had fallen from grace, but 
the eloquence of the young ladies who acted as the champions for the 
recalcitrants, together with the large preponderance of voters on that 
side, settled the matter and nobody was turned out. In justice to the 
girls, we must say that their efforts in that direction were successful, 
and all were reformed in the lodge. The arguments were, that in the 
lodge they could reach and influence them for good, but once turned 
out, the boys would go to the saloons for recreation and amusement, 
and even good boys might then learn bad habits. 

On the thirteenth dav of October, i860, the first lyceum course was 
organized and this, in interest, at least, has far surpassed any one ever 
organized in Olathe. At the organization twenty persons were selected 
to give lectures upon some subject at each meeting, and by this means 
these lectures were prepared with care, and Hayes hall was crammed 
full each Wednesday evening for twenty weeks. Other exercises were 
had each evening and all of them would compare favorably with institu- 
tions of the kind anywhere. 

During the year i860, the following named persons filled the religious 
directory as pastors of the several churches : Rev. J. M. Lackey, at 
Hayes hall, on the third Sabbath of each month at 11 a. m. and 6:30 p. m. 

Rev. C. I. Beach, of the Presbyterian church, at Hayes hall, the first 
Sabbath of each month. 

Rev. C. R. Rice, of the Methodist Episcopal church, .South, at Hayes 
hall, the fourth Sabbath of each month. 

Rev. J. H. Drummond, of the Episcopal church, at Hayes hall on the 
third Sabbath of each month at 11 a. m. 

Rev. C. H. Lovejoy, of the M. E. church, at Hayes hall each Sabbath 
at 3 130 p. m. 

W. B. Stone taught the public school from April 9, i860, for the sum- 

The Presbyterians built their church building during the early part 
of i860. It was located on Park Street. James Ingalls and a man by the 
name of Maybe were the carpenters and contractors. This was the 
first church building in Olathe. It was .paid for, as then understood, 
from the building fund of the Presbyterian church, and by subscriptions 
from the citizens. 

Mr. Thavis was one of the oldest citizens, having located in Olathe 
early in the fall of 1858. He impressed his handiwork upon nearly every 


building of note in Olathe. He built the greater portion of the Ameri- 
can House alone, and helped to build the jail, then he helped build the 
Francis block and the court house, and finally the old deaf and dumb 

We think those young fellows who located in Olathe at an early day, 
and who helped to build up the town, should have a niche high up in the 
historical tablet of the city. 

Doctor Scott was another, and his brother, Herman Scott, came to 
Olathe during the year 1857. The Doctor was always a friend to Olathe 
and Johnson county. He moved from Olathe to Iola, Allen county, 
Kansas, in the fall of 1858, and after that time was a member of the leg- 
islature from that county, and was for one term speaker of the house of 

Herman Scott preempted the quarter-section on which Corwell & Bar- 
ton's addition to Olathe is located. 

Mrs. Bowen was one of the early pioneers of Olathe. She came to 
Olathe some time during the year 1857 with her husband, S. F. Hill, 
who died in the winter of 1862, and was the second white woman in 
Olathe, Mrs. Jonathan Millikin being the first, Mrs. Bowen, then Mrs. 
Hill, the second, Mary Kirby, then Whalen, third, and Mrs. B. L. Roberts 
the fourth, and these women were the only women in Olathe until the 
early spring of 1858. 

During the winter of i860 and 1861 the principal employment of the 
citizens of Olathe was reading the reports from Washington City and 
speculating upon the chances of a settlement of the difficulties then 
existing between the North and the South. The year i860 had been 
desolating in the extreme throughout Kansas, and when the heavens 
had again given copious showers hopes began to thrive and all nature 
wore a sunny aspect to the inhabitants of Olathe. New buildings, as 
early as February and March, 1861. began to show themselves all over 
the town, and the sound of the axe and the hammer was heard all 
around and about the town and property began to have a money value 
and the town lot owner and speculator was heard, from early morn 
to dewy evening, extolling the beauties of the town of Olathe, and soon 
the stranger showed himself and everything seemed to be approaching 
an age of prosperity and happiness, but, alas, for human expectations. 
On the twelfth day of April. 1861, Fort Sumpter was fired upon, and in 
the twinkling of an eye almost the peaceable and, unusually quiet town, 
was transformed into a military camp and marching, counter marching 
and preparation for the deadly conflict, were the order of the day, and 
the peace and prosperity vanished as the dew before the morning sun. 

On the twenty-sixth day of March, 1861, the first State legislature met, 
and a great number of Olathe citizens visited the capitol to witness the 
imposing spectacle of the organization. 


Col. J. E. Hayes was a member of the house from Olathe and 
B. P. Noteman was elected enrolling" clerk. 

On April i, 1861, the following named persons were elected trustees of 
the town of Olathe for the year 1861 : S. B. Myrick, Moses Wells, B. 
L. Roberts, James Clemans and Philander Craig. 

During the spring of 1861, J. J. Todd and family, Dr. J. F. Everhart 
and family, J. E. Clark and family, A. P. Walker and family, Mack 
Smith, and a host of others came to Olathe and located, for good, as 
they then thought and said but the uncertainty of life on the border 
drove a larg'e number of people who had located here to seek safer quar- 
ters for themselves and their families during the struggle that followed. 

On the fourth day of April, 1861, W. C. Quantrill took dinner at 
the Olathe House, now Avenue House, in Olathe. He then stated that 
some four years before he and his brother started across the plains for 
Mexico, and were attacked and robbed by eight armed men, and his 
brother killed, and then stated that he had sworn that he would avenge 
his brother's death, and that he at all times had put seven of them out of 
the way, and was then after the eighth man. This was the last seen of 
Quantrill in Olathe until the night of the sixth day of September, 1862, 
when he sacked Olathe. 

About this time an independent company was organized for the pro- 
tection of the border, Evan Shrever, captain; John Judy, first lieutenant, 
and William Pellett, second lieutenant. Then the sympathizers com- 
menced moving out of Kansas to Westport and Kansas City, Mo. 

During the summer of 1861, very little business was transacted in 
Olathe. A larg'e per cent, of our fighting population went into the First 
and Second regiments of Kansas volunteers, and a great many more 
sought a safer place for themselves and families than they thought 
Olathe to be at that time. 

In i860, when the census was taken, Olathe had a population of 520 
men, women and children. More than half this number left during the 
year 1861, and when the war closed there were only fifteen persons left 
of those who were included in the census list of i860, yet our town was as 
densely populated as when the census was taken, by refugees from Mis- 
souri, Arkansas and the Indian Territory. The year of 1861 was a period 
of anxiety to the citizens of Olathe and will not be forgotten by those 
who passed through it. 

The war following so closely upon the heels of the drouth of i860, 
had the effect to stop all sorts of improvements, and before the year 
1861 expired, Olathe showed signs of decay, and long before the war 
ended more than half the buildings standing in the spring of 1861 were 
gone, having been moved into the country upon "claims owned by 
former citizens of the town or were destroyed." The year 1861 was one 
of the best growing seasons ever seen in Kansas and as a large majority 


of the people were poor and needy, they entered largely into farming 
and from that time on to the end of the war Johnson county kept 
increasing her productions of corn and hay until the end of the war, and 
the prices of produce, corn and hay kept rising in proportion. Corn was 
worth, in 1861, from $1.00 to $1.50 per bushed, and hay brought readily 
$10.00 per ton. 



Olathe and Its Institutions — Merchants' Association — First Hotel — Vot- 
ers in 1859 — Old Landmarks and Border Day Experiences — Churches 
—State Institute for the Deaf— Banks— Fifty Years of Olathe— A 
"County Seat Town." 


Olathe is the county seat of Johnson county, and had a population 
of 3,272 in 1910, and, with its suburbs, now has about 4,000. It has 
twelve miles of paved streets, a sewer system and a waterworks plant 
costing about $10,000, Its basin covers twenty acres. The Olath High 
School, costing $30,000, manual training and domestic science building, 
costing $10,000 were built in 1913, and a central school building, costing 
$25,000, was built in 1910. Two ward schools, costing $5,000 each, and a 
$10,000 public library were built in 1912. A city hall was built in 191 1, at 
a cost of $17,5000. The Johnson county court house is a handsome edi- 
fice standing in the court house square. The State school for the deaf 
is located here also. Mrs Kate S. Herman has been superintendent since 
1913. It has 250 pupils and twenty teachers. The Masonic temple was 
built in 1913-14, at a cost of $15,000. The Odd Fellows have two halls, 
nicely fitted up, and have a strong membership. 

The commission form of government is in force here and the present 
officers are : J. S. Pellett, mayor ; C. V. Townley, commissioner of 
finance; S. P. Howland, city clerk; Roy Murray, city engineer; J. H. 
Milhoan, police judge; E. V. Knox, fire chief; A. H. Carberry, marshal. 


The Johnson County Retail Merchants and Farmers' Association, with 
headquarters in Olathe, F. L. House, secretary, is one of the important 
institutions of the county. Its object is closer association and better- 
ment of the merchants and farmers in Olathe and Johnson county, to 
secure and disseminate to its members any and all legal and proper 
information, which may be of interest, value or protection to any mem- 
ber or members thereof. Membership may consist of any. reputable mer- 
chant, banker, farmer, doctor, dentist, newspaper or any one else inter- 
ested in the progressive business affairs of Johnson count)*. It has 
proven of great value to its members, to the merchants in saving on 
advertising, collections, credits, and merchants' delivery and free employ- 


i— i 









ment department, of which the secretary is in charge. This idea origi- 
nated with the secretary, Mr. House, and was put in effect at once on 
opening" the office and has proven a wonderful success. Over 300 farm 
hands had been placed from March 17, 1914, to January 1, 1915. 

The merchants' delivery .started July 1, 1914, and has proven a suc- 
cess from the start. It was quite a task to establish this system, but 
it has proven economical for ail the members. In the delivery depart- 
ment they have four two-horse wagons, one going in each direction at 
nothing invested in the outfit, a livery man doing the work for the 
members at a stated salary. Through the cooperation of this- associa- 
tion many public improvements have been agitated and while the im- 
provements are not yet completed, they are under headway. The asso- 
ciation has the following members : 

Active Members. — Olathe State Bank. Olathe Packing Company. T. 
A. Sutton Company, Hodges Brothers, Grange Store, S. E. Wilkinson, 
W. C. Keefer, H. B. White. H. M. Dixon, R. W. Moll, W. E. Christie, 
Bradshaw Furniture Company, J. All Evans Company, E. N. Garrett, 
H. O. Woodbury, C. G. Morrison, Patron's Bank, Fred Ruppelius, 
National Bank, Olathe Mirror, F. R. Lanter, L. W. Snepp Company, 
Big Racket. Julian Furniture Company, B. F. Adair, Olathe Light Com- 
pany, Harry McKoin, J. L. Pettyjohn & Company, Hadley Milling- 
Company, Ben Gifford, Olathe "Register," F. W. Gras & Son, George D. 
Whitney & Son. White & Shinn. Warren & Hammond, Olathe Tele- 
phone Company, Olathe Independent Publishing Company, Weber Mill- 
ing Company, Nowlin & Brown, Bertha Mills, Dr. P. L. Lathrop, E. J. 
Allison, Smith Brothers, Morse, Kans. ; Olathe Auto Company, J. J. 
Kuhlman, Bonita, Kan. ; Morrison & Martin, J. H. Cosgrove & Son, 
Ryan & Company, Farmers Bank, Gardner, Kans. ; Lenexa Grain Com- 
pany, Lenexa, Kan. ; Peters grocery, Louis Krumm, Lenexa, Kan. ; 
Ames & Payne, J. S. Hartley, Olathe Bottling Works, Spring Hill Coop- 
erage Association, Spring Hill, Kans. 

Social Members. — Charles Ott, W. B. Strang, J. C. Caswell, George 
Abbott, W. J. Mclntyre, Al Pichie, E. G. Carroll,' Charles Stuart, A. E. 
Moll, Dr. C. W. Jones, Rev. S. F. Reipma, Dr. R. L. Moberly, O. D. 
McClung, S. E. Ferguson, Samuel Trotter, Bert Saunders, T. H. Miller, 
Ed Blair, W. G. Tainter, Al White, P. N. Root, H. L. Phillips. 

Rural Members. — Arthur Robinson, Wyatt Hayes, J. Fred Marvin, 
John Huston, S. H. Allison, D. J. Page, D. Z. Ernst, Frank Mahaffie, H. 
T. Norton, D. R. Steiner, J. E. McKittrick, J. C. Duguid, J. S. Lorimer, 
C. A. Swank, T- E. Bartlett, T. J. Ewing, Ed Beckett, L. D. Ewing, W.. 
E. Montgomery, W. E. Wright, C. W. Stoddard. W. A. Gordon, Jeff 
Keys, J. J. Wright, Shelden E. Case, C. W. Fay, W. L. Johnson, A. R. 
Allison, R. H. Hite, S. R. Huchinson, Alph Beckett, W. P. Steiner, W. 
H. Perkey, A. O. Moon, Clyde Ewing, W. D. Montgomery, Albert Ott, 


J. N. Ware, W. G. Milligan, R. T. Cornwell, Syd Kennedy, C. F. Lan- 


Olathe's first hotel was a frame building, 12x14 f eet , built 
of rough lumber hauled from the Kaw river, and was located on 
West Park Street, where the Cottage Hotel now stands. It was used 
as a grocery, drygoods and drug store, saloon and hotel. At the time it 
was built, the hotel and saloon part of it did a rushing business, as many 
as from 100 to 200 people would stop there during the day, but the 
little hotel turned none away. When bedtime came, the night clerk 
would open the door and say : "Gentlemen, here is your bed ; there is 
plenty of room out here on this prairie grass. Don't crowd," and with 
a kind "goodnight" he would return to his duties, while the traveler 
found his bed on the prairie and counted the stars until he drifted to 
sweet dreamland. This hotel had a rough board counter at which the 
guests took meals, as their turns came. There were no kicks registered 
on the cooking, either. The grub that was set out was eaten gladly, and 
if a customer needed a little extra stimulant there was a barrel of liquor 
right in the room and a turn of the spigot would soon fill his cup. Those 
were good old days. 

The Olathe' House, on the north side of the square, is owned by Ed 
Moll, and the lot, in 1862, had a two-story frame building on it and here 
Mr. Tillotson and another gentleman ran a hardware store. The part- 
ners did not get along very well, but neither one was disposed to buy 
the other out. In 1862 a cyclone came along and blew the building 
down. The proprietors, by ducking behind the stove, managed to 
escape with their lives when the building fell. When Tillotson's part- 
ner crawled out of the wreck he straightened himself up and said to Til- 
lotson : "You can have the d — d store, I don't want it," and forthwith 
left the town. Tillotson got busy then and put up a one-story stone 
building, with walls two feet thick, as he said he wanted something that 
the "winds wouldn't blow down." Later, Colonel Reed, of Ocheltree,. 
bought the building and added two stories more of brick and made it 
into a grist mill. Ed. Moll bought the building in 1903 and remodeled it 
for a hotel and has been operating it ever since under the name of Olathe 

VOTERS IN 1859. 

Copy of a notice to the registered voters, published in the Olathe 
"Herald," October 20, 1859: 

Olathe township, Johnson county, Kansas Territory. Office of town- 
ship clerk. The following is a list of registered voters of said township. 
All persons who are not registered, and who are entitled thereto, are 
hereby notified that I will attend at my office at the court house, on 


J 05 

the twenty-eighth and twenth-ninth days of October next, the same 
being the eleventh and twelfth days before election, as the law provides. 
to make an additional register, October 14, 1859. William Roy, clerk, per, 
E. H. Cornell, deputy clerk: Atkinson, William; Atherton, C. R. ; Ains- 
worth, J. M.; Ainsworth, D. E. ; Ainsworth, M. N. ; Annett, E. M.; 
Adair, Thomas; Barton, J. T. ; Blake, J. H.; Boggs, H. H.; Burris, J. T. ; 
Bowen, Addison; Brown, Samuel; Brandt, William; Bailey T. L. ; Bean,. 
Patrick; Beckwith, Watts; Barner, W. O. ; Bown, Walter; Beach, I. C. ; 
Branaugh, William; Butler, G. K. ; Baker, Ira; Bower, John; Banning, 
C. S. ; Bird, Jeremiah ; Crist, L. F. ; Cosgrove, Pat ; Cosgrove, Peter ; 
Case, F. W. ; Clemens, A. J.; Coles, C. J.; Campbell, J. P.; Clay, John ; 
Cope, William ; Craig, Philander ; Corley, A. J. ; Currey, Jesse ; Cox, A. 



A ; Corithers, N. ; Driffield, E. ; Dyer, James ; Davies, Isom ; Dustan, E. 
B.; Devenney, A. S. ; Domlar, Peter; Davis, Augustus; Davenport, 
Martin ; Davenport, Noah ; Davis, William ; Davis, Andrew ; Dunham, 
C. E.j Danks, J. S.; Doyle, J. H. ; Drake, M. J. P.; Dunham, R. B.; 
Evans, John; Easly, Frederick; Freeman, John; Fleck, Jackson; French, 
J. F. ; Flanagan, F. W. ; Foster, S. L. ; Fritz, Abraham; Fleek, Henry; 
t Forrest, J. C. ; Foster, James; Gregg, Burr; Gregg, A. H. ; Giffin, J. H. ; 
Ginther, Peter ; Gibson, James ; Hollow, Samuel ; Hale, Williams ; Hill, 
A. J.; Hill, S. F.; Hill, Benjamin; Hoff, Frederick; Ham, J. H. ; Holmes, 
James; Hudson, John; Hendrick, S. P.; Hayes, J. E. ; Hill, J. H. ; Irwin,. 


Sampson; Jewett, B. M. ; Johnson, Edward; James, Irwin; Johnson, T. 
L. ; Judy, J. J.; Kempp, W. R. ; Kildarry, John; Kelley, Mike; Kerr, B. 
Lawson, John ; Lemasney, John ; Lemasney, Richard ; Lawrence, James 
Larkin, E. ; Lilly, Anderson ; Luther, Alexander ; McMillen, Lewis 
McKeigh, John ; Mahaffie, J. B.; Millikan, Jonathan ; Myrick, S . B. 
McMillen, Hugh ; Mann, Aaron ; Mann, Robert ; Marsh, Sylvester ; Mel- 
houn, Thomas ; McFarland, Ambrose ; Melhoun, J. H. : McFarland, Will- 
iam; Miller, W. M. ; McGill, William; Mcintosh, A. J.; Milliken, Bran- 
son ; McFarland, F. ; McGill, S. F. ; Mann, W. J. ; Nash, E. S. ; Nevills, 
James ; Ocheltree, W. A. ; Osgood, C. A. ; Overall, James ; Ott, C. M. ; 
O'Rourk, J. T. ; Oliver, Dennis; Plumber, B. A.; Pettit, B.; Parmetar, 
J. W. ; Parker, I. J.; Peck, W. S. ; Pully, Carlos; Pace, James ; Ouarles, 
J. T.; Randolph, Milton; Roberts, G. W. ; Roberts. B. L. ; Roy, W. ; 
Raney, W. R. ; Russell, James ; Roberts, C. L., Jr. ; Sutherland, John ; 
Smith, J. H.; Smith, Arthur; Smith, John V.; Sutton, J. E. ; Shrion, 
Evan; Soward, J. A.; Swartz, R. W. ; Shorb, John A.; Smith, F. M. 
Stukeberry, William; Steward, W. ; Smith, Felix; Taylor, Thomas 
Thompson, C. H. ; Tuttle, W. D. ; Thiers, G. A. ; Trayhorn. W. A. 
Thomas, W. H. ; Tuttle, Hiram ; Thomas, J. M. ; Tucker, T. S. ; Umph- 
ries, Moris ; Umphries, Langford ; Umphries, Linville ; Venard, Moses ; 
White, D. M.; Woodcock, W. ; Wallingford, D. W; Wilhelm, John; 
Wallace, G. W. ; Whitcomb, J. B.; Woolfe, John; Winkie, Peter; White, 
George ; White, David ; Wilkinson, E. S. ; Wiley, John ; Walker, W. T. ; 
Wheeler, G. W. ; White, Albert. 


Colonel Hayes built the old Hyer shoe factory building in 1859, or 60, 
and it was one of the best hotels along the border in its early days. It 
was used for militia quarters during the war. Colonel Keeler was one 
of the militia officers with headquarters there, also General Fishback. 
When Fishback was at the front, during the Price raid, an Indian came 
up to him and asked him who he was. Fishback replied that he belonged 
to the militia. "You officer?" he asked. "Yes, General," said Fishback. 
"O, shucks !" said the Indian and walked off. Mr. Fishback's uniform 
was not flashv enough to make a hit with that Indian. 

Back of the Avenue House, on the west side of the square, stands an 
old building, facing the south and occupied by Mr. Eckengreen as a car- 
penter shop. This building formerly stood on the lot now occupied by 
the city hall and was built in 1857 and used for a butcher shop. 

Another building, on the west side of the square, is occupied by the 
Olathe Monument Company, as an office. It stands w r here it was orig- 
inally erected by F. S. Hill in 1857, and still belongs to his widow. Lieu- 
tenant Pellett, the first mayor of Olathe, after the town became a city 
of the second class, began his first work in the mercantile line in this 


building, July 4, 1859. He began work here for Mr. Hill, who ran a 
general store, and also "several race horses," as Mr. Pellett puts it. Mr. 
Pellett was a recruiting officer at the time of the Quantrill raid and 
tells this interesting story: "Quantrill killed six of my men," said he. 
"He had twenty-five of us in the bull pen in the square. I was up town," 
said he, "and the first I knew of anything being wrong was when Will- 
iam Roy yelled, 'There's a company of soldiers coming!' When they 
came up Roy halted them, and asked who they were. The leader did 
not answer immediately, but soon gave a command : 'Take immediate 
possession of the town !' and then the company filed around the square. 
I think he had about 150 or 160 men, all mounted. He put us 
fellows all inside the square, and put guards to watch us. They robbed 
the store where I was working, along with the rest of the town. 

"One of the incidents I remember very distinctly was, that I had some 
money and did not want Quantrill's men to get it, so I slipped clown in 
the grass and tied some grass over it, thinking I might locate it later. I 
am sure Quantrill's men did not get the money, and also sure that I 
never did. When Quantrill was ready to go, he rode up with twenty 
men and made the front guards open up in two straight lines, with 
open rear, and the citizens he let go, but those connected with the 
Twelfth Kansas, he ordered into line and we were soon upon our way 
south, his intention being to go to Spring Hill. Before we got there, 
however, a report came that a lot of soldiers had arrived at Spring 
Hill, and we turned east to Old Squiresville. Andy Young ran a 
grocery there. They put us into a little shed where Andy kept a 
barrel of molasses and some crackers. We helped ourselves to these, 
and he claimed afterwards, that we left the bung of the barrel open so 
his molasses ran out. After Quantrill had eaten breakfast there, he 
ordered us all out and formed us in a straight line.. I was the smallest 
man in the crowd. 

"In a few minutes a man rode up to within a rod or two of me and 
motioned for me to come out. I went out, shook hands with him, and he 
said : Tve been doing something the last half hour I very seldom do.' 
I said: 'Captain, what conclusion did you come to?' 'I have come to the 
conclusion not to kill you. I left the border with the intention of killing- 
ten men,' he said, 'and I've filled my bill.' "It seemed to me," said Mr. 
Pellett, "that it was a long time when he said "not" before he continued, 
and broke the suspense. 'Now in a short time my men are going to 
leave here,' Quantrill continued. 'Before we leave, or about the time we 
leave, you get these men out of here.' 1 told him I would get them out, 
and I did, and we all got back alive." Mr. Pellett afterwards continued 
his work as recruiting officer at Olathe and was appointed lieutenant in 
the Twelfth Kansas regiment. 

Owing to the poor protection given Olathe from the beginning of the 
war, its growth was hindered and from the time of the Quantrill raid 


to the close of the war, its business languished and many people moved 
away to more favorable localities. Some citizens preferred the army for 
safety. The majority of the business houses stood empty, no one caring 
to put in new stock to be hauled away by raiders or destroyed. House 
owners were only too glad to have tenants, offering their houses free 
if they would only occupy them. Property was almost valueless, and 
household goods could be bought at one-tenth their cost, and good cows 
sold as low as $6 to $7 per head. After the raid, two companies of 
the Twelfth Kansas, under command of Captain Chestnut, were stationed 
in the town during the fall, and Captain Parmenter's company remained 
a short time after the organization was effected. 


The Baptist church of Olathe was organized, June 1, 1872, in the 
Odd Fellows hall. Its first pastor was R. P. Evans. The present pas- 
tor is W. F. Jordan. Their membership is 200. The church and par- 
sonage cost nearly $12,000, and were erected in 1906. 

The Christian church was organized in i860, by G. W. Hutchinson 
and Pardu Butter. W. A. Nance is the present pastor. Their mem- 
bership is 316. A Young Men's Timothy Club of forty and a Bible class 
of ninety-seven are features of this church. Buildings and real estate are 
valued at $5,500. 

The Christian Science Society was organized in 1909, by Mrs. Eunice 
French and Mrs. T. W. Morse and others. They meet in Room 8, Ott 
building. First Reader, Mrs. Morse, Second Reader, W. F. Dennis. 

The present pastor of the Dunkard church is H. T. Brubaker, assisted 
by H. F. Christ. 

The Reformed Presbyterian church was organized in 1864. Rev. W. 
McMillan was the first pastor. The first building was erected at Pleas- 
ant Ridge, five miles east of Olathe, in 1865, and the Olathe branch 
built a church in 1870. Its property is valued at $6,500. 

The United Presbyterian church was organized November 10, 1866, 
by Rev. D. F. McAuley, Elder Davis Martin, Isaac Brown and S. M. 
McCaw. Its church and parsonage are valued at $9,500. 

The Congregational church of Olathe was organized at the home of 
C. W. Ekengreen, in 1866, by Rev. Bodwell. Its charter members were 
Mr. and Mrs. Hyatt, Mr. and Mrs. Loomis, Mr. and Mrs. Snellings, 
Mr. and Mrs. Ekengreen, Mr. Beckwith and his sister, Miss Beckwith. 
Their membership is 100. This church and parsonage cost $10,000. 

The Methodist Episcopal church was organized in 1858, by Rev. Will- 
iam Hubert. The first pastor was Rev. John Robinson, who came in 
1859. The first church was built about 1866. Up to this time this 
church had been connected with Gardner, but at that date was separated. 
Rev. Bascam Robins is the present pastor, and the church has a mem- 
bership of 550. The church and parsonage cost $12,000. 


St. Paul's parish of Olathe was organized in 1868, and erected a frame 
•church 30x40, soon after. A priest from Eudora or Shawnee had charge 
for seven years. Father M. J. Casey was the first priest, Father Ording 
is the present pastor. In 1907, a church was built at a cost of $12,000 
and a parochial residence at $4,500. A parochial school was opened 
under the supervision of the Benedictines from Atchinson in September, 

The First Presbyterian church was organized, October 1, 1865, by Rev. 
William Wilson, under the supervision of the Presbytery of Leaven- 
worth with eighteen members. Rev. S. F. Riepma is the present pastor. 
They have 255 members. This church will observe its semi-centennial 
in October of this year, 1915. The present church building was erected 
in 1908, and the real estate of the church is valued at $16,350. 

The Gospel Hall is valued at $1,800. It is situated on lots 18 and 21. 

The Episcopalians have an organization and church property valued 
at $1,600. Rev. H. E. Toothaker is pastor. 

The German Baptists own church property to the value of $2,000. 
They have regular meetings and their members are faithful. 

The Wesleyan Methodists have a church organization, and own 
real estate valued at $900. 

The colored Baptists and Methodists have organizations and churches. 
The former owns real estate valued at $1,300, the latter $1,500. 


The Olathe "Mirror," of June 15, 1864, has the following in regard to 
locating the State school for the deaf and dumb at Olathe, Kans. : 

"A meeting was held at the Christian church, Tuesday night, with W. 
A. Ocheltree, president, and J. E. Sutton, secretary, the object being to 
elect a committee to confer with the commissioners on the part of the 
State with reference to locating the deaf and dumb asylum. The fol- 
lowing committee was selected: Evan Shriver, W. H. M. Fishback and 
J. T. Weaver. Mr. Shriver was chosen to receive donations for pur- 
chase of ground to be given to the State for the site of the asylum." 

This was the beginning of the work that brought to Olathe the State 
school for the deaf, or the institute as it is called locally. Perhaps few 
there, that night, realized how large this institution would grow in fifty 
years of Kansas Statehood or how many unfortunates would be blessed 
t>y the careful training given here. Olathe's efforts won and the school 
was brought here in 1866, from Baldwin, Kans., where for four or five 
years previous it had been struggling along illy supported, with an atten- 
dance of about a dozen pupils. It was definitely located here through 
the efforts of John T. Burris, one of the grand men that Olathe still 
prides herself in possessing, though he lives in California now. 


A stone building, 40x60 feet, was erected at a cost of $15,000, and was 
first occupied November 17, 1866, under the superintendency of Joseph 
Mount. There were eighteen pupils when, the school began. Today 
250 attended and twenty teachers are employed. The little stone 
building has been torn down to make room for the main building. In 
1873 the extreme east wing was built, by that time the number of pu- 
pils had increased to seventy-five. The lateral wing, which connects 
the main building with the east, came in 1879, the west wing 
in 1883 and the lateral wing connecting that with the main in 
1886 or 1887, and last came the main building, having an appraised value 
now of $342,225. Mrs. Kate S. Herman has held the superintendency 
of the school since 1913, and her excellent management of it has 
attracted favorable comment from all parts of the State. George W. 
Folmer, who has charge of the commissary department, is a busy man 
and gives excellent attention to all the details of buying for the insti- 
tution which spends about $5,000 per month. 

Since its founding at Baldwin, in 1861, the following superintendents 
have had charge: Philip A. Emery, at Baldwin, 1861-64; Benajah R. 
Nordyke, at Topeka, 1864-65; Joseph Mount, at Baldwin, 1865-67; 
Thomas Burnsides, at Olathe, 1867; Louis H. Jenkins, at Olathe, 1867- 
76; Theodore C. Bowles, at Olathe, 1876-79; Jonathan W. Parker, at 
Olathe, 1879-80; William H. DeMotte, at Olathe, 1880-82; George L. 
Wyckoff, at Olathe, 1882-83; Henry A. Turton, at Olathe, 1883-85; S. 
Tefft Walker, at Olathe, 1885-93; J. D - Carter, at Olathe, 1893-94; Albert 
A. Stewart, at Olathe, 1894-95; Henry C. Hammond, at Olathe, 1895-97; 
Albert A. Stewart, at Olathe, 1897-99; Henry C. Hammond, at Olathe,. 
1899-1909; Cyrus E. White, at Olathe, 1909-13; Mrs. Kate S. Herman, 



The Patrons Cooperative Bank was organized June 1, 1883. Its offi- 
cers are: S. B. Haskins, president; W. J. Rhoades, cashier; F. P. 
Hatfield, vice-president ; George Black, secretary. The directors, J. W. 
Robinson, E. E. Vaighs, A. E. Wedd, George Kelleher, A. L. Hunt. 
Capital stock, $50,000.00; surplus, $50,000.00; deposits, $440,000.00. 

The First National Bank was organized in 1887, and the following are 
its officers: J. L. Pettyjohn, president; F. R. Ogg, vice-president; Di- 
. ectors, C. F. Pettyjohn, Dr. C. W. Ewing, J. H. Hershey, George Huff, 
H. J. Voighs, P. E. Goode, L. W. Snepp, James Irvin, A.J. Hunt, S. T. 
McCoy, W. C. Keefer, George H. Hodges, H. M. Beckett, cashier, and 
D. A. Glenn, assistant cashier. Capital stock, $50,000.00; surplus, $12,- 
000.00; and deposits, $270,000. 

The Olathe State Bank was established 1883 and incorporated in 1908,. 
and has the following officers : president, Frank C. Peck ; vice-president,. 
H. C. Livermore ; cashier, H. E. Hayes; assistant cashier, J. S. Pellett_ 



Directors: Albert Ott, E. E. Vantries, J. W. Parker, F. R. Lanter, F. C. 
Peck, H. E. Hayes, Charles Delahunt, J. T. Little, F. V. Ostrander, 
J. B. Bruner, Casher Busch, J. H. Marvin, H. C. Livermore. Capital 
stock, $25,000.00; surplus, $16,500.00, and deposits $250,000.00. 


(S. T. Seaton 1906.) 

I saw not long ago a picture of the ancient Egyptians laboriously 
dragging huge stones from distant quarries to build the pyramids, 
those enduring monuments of man's vanity and tryanny. That picture 
typifies the early settlers of Kansas, as they came from distant states 
and toiled and endured danger, suffered privation and want, until they 
triumphantly transformed this portion of the great American desert 
into a garden of fruit, flowers and grain, and builded on this soil a 


monument which will endure when the Pharoahs and their pyramids 
are forgotten — a monument consecrated to broader ideas of liberty 
and humanity and "lest we forget," have inscribed upon it in letters 
of resplendent gold as their motto, "Ad Astra Per Aspera." 

We are met together today beside the half centurv mile post to take 
a look back, recall the associations and renew the friendships of those 
fifty years, and make record of the doings of the men and women who 
in those days made history. My part is to tell "The Story of a Border 

Just fifty years ago, in the early spring of 1857, a young man 
mounted his horse and rode out of the little village of Chillicothe, 


situated; some three miles west of the present town of Shawnee, in 
Johnson county, Kansas, in quest of a sight for a new town. The 
young man was Dr. John T. Barton, a native of Albemarle county, 
Virginia, and a graduate of a Philadelphia medical college, who had 
drifted out west in 1850 and soon after secured an appointment as 
physician to the Shawnee Indians and located at Chillicothe, where the 
Shawnees maintained Governmental headquarters. 

In 1856 and 1857 the Shawnees were taking their lands in severalty, 
were making their selections, which as made, were marked by crossing 
poles thereon. With certain inside information .obtained from. Lot 
Coffman, the man in charge of the allotting of lands to the Shawnees, 
Barton rode directly to the geographical center of Johnson county 
and "crossed poles" on two quarter sections which struck him as an 
admirable site for his new town. Carpeted with a profusion of wild 
verbenas and other prairie flowers, the location impressed Doctor Bar- 
ton as beautiful. Why not give the new town a name which w r ould 
•perpetuate the first impression of its founder? "Beautiful" did not 
commend itself to him as an appropriate name for a new town in the 
wild West, where' the struggle for existence made strongly against 
any appreciation" of the aesthetic, but the Doctor could not get "Beau- 
tiful" out of his head, and no other English equivalent suggested itself 
as any better. So the Doctor returned to Chillicothe still under the 
spell of that word "Beautiful." On his return there it occurred to 
him that perhaps the Shawnee language would furnish the desired 
equivalent for "Beautiful." And meeting Capt. Joseph Parks, head 
chief of the Shawnees, he said: 'Captain, what in the Shawnee language 
would you call two quarters of land, all covered with wild flowers? 
In English we would say it was beautiful." Parks replied: "We would 
say it was 'Olathe,' "giving it the Indian pronunciation Olaythe, with 
an explosive accent on the last syllable. Barton made the same in- 
quiry of the official interpreter, an educated Indian, who made the 
same reply, adding that for English use it would be best to pronounce 
it "Olathe," with the accent on the second syllable. So it came to pass 
that the new town was named "Olathe," the city beautiful. This is 
Barton's own story as related by him in 1888. 

Shortly after locating the site Barton had it surveyed, platted and 
the plat lithographed. While the survey was in progress Barton went 
to the Lecompton land office for the purpose of entering the towm site, 
but found that he could not do so as an individual. Accordingly he 
organized a town company, consisting of himself, A. G. Boone, Charles 
A. Osgood, R. B. Finley, William Fisher, Jr., and Henry W. Jones 
and had it incorporated, with himself as president, by an act of the 
Territorial legislature, and as president of the town company he entered 
the town site May 17, 1858. Meantime another act of the Territorial 
legislature incorporated the new town February 11, 1858, and the first 


election was in April the same year. In the list of early settlers in 
57 were Jonathan Millikan, J. B. Whittier, Miss Emily L. Whittier, and 
the first woman in the new town, and both cousins of the Poet Whit- 
tier; John Polk Campbell, a cousin of Ex-President James K. Polk; S. 
F. Hill, J. B. Mahaffie, C. A. Osgood, Charles Mayo, who had at one 
time been mayor of Boston, Mass.; Henderson Boggs, Martin Ott, 
Edwin Nash, J. Henry Blake. Jonathan Millikan brought the first team 
of horses to the town, built the first dwelling" house, married the I 
woman that came to the place, Miss Whittier, and now lives on a fine 
farm at the edge of town, taking his ease surrounded by, plenty. 

During the following years, 1858 and 1859, Dr. Barton worked 
energetically in the interests of the new town, and succeeded in mate- 
rially increasing the population. Barton was a man of fine personal 
appearance and an accomplished physician, personally very popular, and 
a man who would attain more than ordinary local importance in any 
community. During the exciting political events of 1858 and 1859 he 
was really the leader of the Proslavery or Democratic party in John- 
son county. In 1858 he was elected county treasurer, and in 1859 ne 
was elected a delegate to the W r yandotte Constitutional Convention, in 
which he was a member of the committee on banking and finance, 
judge John T. Burris was the other delegate from Johnson county. 
Burris had settled in Olathe in 1858, and owed his election to his per- 
sonal popularity as the count}- was proslavery and Burris was a Free 
State man. Barton was one of the twenty delegates who refused to 
sign the constitution because it did not meet his proslavery views. 

In the course of his practice as a physician Doctor Barton was a 
frequent visitor to the home of Judge S. E. Wilkerson, where he met 
the Judge's charming daughter, Josephine Wilkerson. and in the course 
of time they became engaged to be married. The day for the wedding 
was set and the bride had her wedding gowns made. Two days before 
the wedding Doctor Barton left Olathe for Wesport, ostensibly to get 
his wedding suit. Before going, however, he executed deeds conveying 
to Josephine Wilkerson all his Johnson county real property, which 
was considerable. Barton never returned to Olathe, and Miss Wilker- 
son's first intimation that Barton was gone and would not return was 
received from the man who delivered to her the deeds left by Barton. 
This was in i860. No explanation was ever given for the Doctor's 
action until thirty years later when Barton disclosed to a friend the 
reason for his leaving, a reason which involved no reflection on the 
woman in the case. 

During the war Barton was a surgeon in the Confederate army, and 
after the war settled in Kansas City, Mo., where he engaged in the 
real estate business and became, as was reported, quite wealthy. He 
died a few years ago, according to report, in one of the Missouri insti- 
tutions for the insane. 


Among - the '58 settlers were John F. Giffen, who had been a clerk 
in Governor Denver's office, and who in 1859 established the Olathe 
"Herald/" the first newspaper; J. E. Hayes, afterwards colonel of the 
Twelfth Kansas, and State treasurer; John T. Burris, soldier, lawyer 
and jurist; A. J. Clemmans, afterwards sheriff; AYilliams Roy, J. E. Sut. 
ton, B. P. Noteman and Capt. J. W. Parmeter. In 1859 Burris, now 
and since the Greeley campaign, an ardent Democrat, organized the 
Republican ticket in the field on which J. E. Hayes was a candidate 
for representative and J. M. Hadley, father of Herbert Hadley, was a 
candidate for county clerk. During the campaign the Republicans held 
a big mass meeting in Olathe and at night pulled off a big torch light 
procession. AVhat Republicans there were in town gathered on the 
corner of the square and put Burris up on a dry goods box to make 
a speech as the procession passed, and he made one, which a year or 
two previous would have cost him his life. As the procession passed 
its members tried to drown his voice with groans and yells. Then they 
threatened to pull him down, and for a period of time a lively fight was 
in sight. However, the matter was compromised by an assault on a big 
Republican by the name of A. J. Hill, who made a run for a convenient 
stairway and caused the crowd to scatter and forget to pull Burris 
down from his drygoods box. This was the first open "defy" on the 
part of the Free State men in Johnson county. The Democratic ticket, 
needless to say, was elected. Although Colonel Hayes was not elected 
county treasurer this year, the Democratic county board gave him the 
contract for building the new county jail, at a cost of vS6,ooo. and he built 
and delivered it to the count)?- the same year, and it remained a ser- 
viceable building" until destroyed by fire in 1905. Because the popu- 
lation in Olathe and Johnson county was predominantly proslavery, 
the town and county were spared any large part in the border war of 
'56-'58. By 1861 the political complexion of the population had changed 
completely and the city and county became overwhelmingly Republi- 
can, and this led the people of the city and county to expect their full 
share of trouble from the armed bands known to be across the line 
only ten miles distant. 

In September, 1861, Olathe received a visit from the notorious Jay- 
hawker, C. R. Jennison, and his band, who arrested L. S. Cornwall, 
his partner, Drake, Judge Campbell and the Turpin family, all well 
known Southern sympathizers. Cornwall protested and Jennison struck 
him in the face with his pistol. After holding his prisoners for several 
hours, confiscating their weapons and swearing them not to take up 
arms against the United States, Jennison released them, and proceeding 
down in Aubry township, robbed an old German doctor of a large sum 
of money and valuables. 

The next trouble from across the line occurred the first day of August, 
1862, when Bill Anderson, an enterprising member of the bushwhacker 


fraternity, and two companions, visited Olathe. Before reaching Olathe 
they robbed and murdered a Mexican trader. In Olathe they stopped 
at Charles Tillotson's hardware store and inquired the road to De Soto, 
enforcing a truthful answer by holding a revolver at his head. Just 
at the edge of town on their way to De Soto they met Deputy Sheriff 
Weaver, returning from a cow hunt, and "held him up," but finding- 
no valuables on his person, let him go. Weaver went at once to Sheriff 
John Janes, who started in pursuit. Janes caught up with Anderson 
and his companions a mile or two out of town and was promptly taken 
prisoner and disarmed. A few minutes later they made prisoners of 
James Wells and another citizen. Releasing the latter they took Janes 
into a ravine and told him that he was to be shot, but finally released 
him. On his way back to town Janes met John and Ben Roberts, who, 
thinking that harm had overtaken the sheriff, had followed. Janes and 
the Roberts boys had each a Sharp's carbine. Finally, John Roberts 
succeeded in mortally wounding one of the trio and he fell from his 
horse. Janes stopped to secure the wounded man. Another citizen 
joined the Roberts boys in the pursuit and shot one of the fugitives' 
horses. The dismounted bushwhacker mounted behind his companion 
and attempted to escape, but was soon wounded and surrendered. The 
third escaped to the brush but was captured that evening. The two men 
with Anderson gave their names as Lee and Coover. Coover was 
mortally wounded and died in a few days. He claimed to be a lawyer 
by profession, and gave evidence of being a man of education and 

The next day a jury of twelve decided that the two remaining pris- 
oners should suffer death, but the crowd manifested no alacrity in 
furnishing volunteers to execute the sentence, and Sheriff Janes settled 
the matter by taking the prisoners from the mob and locking them in 
jail. This offended John Roberts and he took a shot at the sheriff as 
he stood in the upper front window of the jail. The shot missed him, 
but only by a few inches. Janes grabbed a musket and sent a ball and 
three buckshot after Roberts, who was making excellent time for the 
nearest corner. One buckshot hit Roberts in the thigh and another 
hit him in the neck, but the wounds were not serious, and in a few 
days the sheriff and Roberts talked the matter over and became friends 
again. The prisoners were sent to Leavenworth a few days later to 
be dealt with by the military authorities. 

Before leaving Olathe Anderson remarked to the citizens assembled 
to see him off: "Gentlemen, I will visit your town again," and he 
did, for he participated in every border raid and as a cold-blooded mur- 
derer had no equal. He was killed about the close of the war. 

Next came Ouantrill's raid, September 6, 1862. Quantrill had 
in 1857 or 1858 taken a claim several miles southeast of Olathe in what 
was then called the Ohio settlement. He never lived on the claim, 


but frequently came up from Miami county to see that no one 
"jumped" it. He was often in Olathe and Jonathan Millikan relates 
that Ouantrill was frequently at his house with the young men from 
the so-called Ohio settlement. 

Eventually someone did jump Quantrill's claim, and being under 
age, he made no effort to hold it. On the evening of September 6, 
1862, Ouantrill crossed the State line into Kansas with a force variously 
estimated at from 125 to 150. finely mounted and thoroughly armed. 
Proceeding up Coffee creek they came to the home of David Williams, 
six miles east of Olathe, where they found Frank Cook, who had just 
enlisted in the company then being formed at Olathe for the Twelfth 
Kansas. They took him prisoner and rode away. The next day Cook's 
body was found in a ravine some distance from the Williams home, 
with two bullet holes in his breast and his head horribly mangled by 
a musket ball. 

A mile and a half east of Olathe the invaders found John J. Judy 
and his brother, James B. Judy, who had enlisted in the same company 
with Cook. They made them prisoners, took all the valuables they 
could find and left. The next day the two brothers were found, their 
bodies riddled with bullets, in a ravine on the farm owned by Jonathan 
Millikan, about half way between the Judy home and Olathe. It was 
almost midnight when Ouantrill and his men reached Olathe and moon- 
light was almost bright enough to read by. Entering Olathe Ouantrill 
halted his men and gave them instructions as to their procedure. * A 
party of Olatheans had just returned from De Soto and had gone into 
a saloon which stood on the east side of the public square, where 
Ostrander Nicholas and Hershey's meat market now stands. Jiles Mil- 
hoan, at present police judge of Olathe, had left a $400-team of horses 
and wagon in front, and looking out a rear window saw the cavalcade 
coming up the hill from what is now the Santa Fe Street crossing of 
Mill creek. The citizens were expecting a company of Union cavalry 
and going outside, one of the crowd, William Roy, the post adjutant, 
hailed them with the inquiry, "Is that Captain Harvey's command?" 
Someone answered : "Yes." and the men turned back towards the 
saloon. At that time the Santa Fe Trail crossed block 46 on the east 
side of the public square, when he gave the command. "File right, file 
left. Take immediate possession of the town and don't let a man 
escape !" 

Jiles Milhoan heard the command and said : "Boys, them's bush- 
whackers," and made for his horses with the intention of cutting them 
lose from the wagon and letting them run, but he was too late, a bush- 
whacker, reinforced with a gun, ordered him to "let that team alone 
and fall in line," which he did. About that time Hiram Blanchard, a 
young merchant who had come up from Spring Hill, ten miles south 
of Olathe, that night in company with Judge Ezra Robinson, of Paola. 



came out of a saloon and walked across the street to where his horse 
was tied to the fence around the square. Blanchard then went to the 
other side of the horse, untied it and putting Ins foot into the stirrup 
was in the act of mounting when the bushwhackers shot him through 
the head. 

Judge Robinson also had a narrow escape that night. He knew 
Quantrill personally and Quantrill promised Robinson to get his horse 
back for him, if he could and cautioned him to keep close to him, Quan- 
trill, as in that event he would enjoy a greater degree of safety. Shortly 
afterward Robinson went to the Turpin House which stood on the 


site of the present Avenue House and Avas kept by the parents of 
"Cliff" Turpin, one of QuantriU's men. In the parlor he found a troop 
of the bushwhackers and heard Mrs. Turpin welcoming them with, 
"I'm glad to see you, boys. If you had come two weeks ago, when I 
sent vou word, I would have had something for you to eat." Just then 
Cliff Turpin entered and took in the situation. Robinson had heard 
too much for the health of the Turpin family and it was promptly 
decided to kill Robinson, but Mrs. Turpin protested against them 
killing anyone in her house, and the gang started out of the house, 


pushing Robinson along. Reaching the front door, they met another 
troop of Ouantrill men coming in and this gave Robinson a chance 
and he took it. Bolting through the door he turned south and ran 
to where a few women were huddled together and hid behind them. 
When his pursuers came up, one of the women had the presence of 
mind to say that Robinson had just disappeared around an adjacent 
building and directed them in that direction, and at that Robinson lost 
no time "making his get-away." 

Meantime the guerillas had spread over town, entering every house 
and bringing all the men into the public square. A number of re- 
cruits were sleeping upstairs in a building which stood on the site 
of the present National Bank building. As the guerillas rushed up 
stairs, a young recruit by the name of Phillips Wiggins caught one 
of them by the throat, took his pistol away and was proceeding to 
choke him when he was shot through the head and instantly killed. 
Another recruit by the name of Josiah Skinner was sleeping on the 
floor of a building which stood on Park Street about where Ott's grocery 
store now stands. He was sound asleep and several shakings failing 
to wake him, a bushwhacker shot him through the body saying: "Lay 
there if you won't get up." Skinner died a few days afterwards. 

During the night another citizen, Marian Milhoan, was shot in the 
foot, while trying to get away, and still carries the bullet. 

Col. J. E. Hayes, who had recently been appointed colonel of the 
Twelfth Kansas, narrowly missed being- caught in this raid. He was in 
Leavenworth that day, where Burris, who was colonel of the Tenth 
Kansas, was in command. Intending to return home that afternoon he 
started for Olathe, but it having rained, he turned back to get his 
horse shod and thus missed being at home to meet Mr. Ouantrill. 
Mrs. Hayes was at home, however, lodged at the American House and 
received a visit from the marauders. In a closet in her room was 
stored a quantity of soldiers' uniforms. Placing herself in front of the 
closet door she managed to hide it while the men searched her trunk 
standing close by and thus saved the uniforms. The Colonel's sword 
she saved by throwing it into the back yard. 

The two newspaper offices, the Olathe Herald and The Mirror, were 
wrecked. All the arms for the new company were loaded in Milhoan's 
wagon. Everything of value in the town, including money, jewelry 
and even bed clothing, groceries, and dry goods, was loaded into wagons 
and brought into the square. Finally the citizens were released, the 
recruits being kept as prisoners. 

After Jiles Milhoan, whose team has been mentioned, was released, 
he met Cliff Turpin, whom he knew and asked him to intercede with 
Ouantrill to give him back his team. They found Ouantrill sitting on 
the porch of Judge Campbell's house which stood on the present site 
of the Patrons Bank. Quantrill said the arms had been loaded into 



that wagon but if Milhoan wanted to go along be would give him 
back the team when they reached the point where they intended to 
unload, but advised him not to take the chance, as some of the men 
would undoubtedly kill him and take the team before he got a mile 
away and he could not send a guard back with him. Milhoan took 
Quantrill's advice. After the inhabitants were gathered into the square, 
they were held up for all the "shin plasters" in their possession, which 
was pronounced "d— — n poor money," but they took it just the same. 
About daylight the recruits were oidered to "fall in" and the wagons 
loaded with plunder, started south towards Spring Hill, Ouantrill and 
his men followed on horse back, with the prisoners on foot. On the 
march south, Cliff Turpin offered William Pellett a big horse with a 
sore back to ride. Pellett accepted it. As they proceeded, an old 
bushwhacker rode along side of Pellett and urged him to jump and 
run as he could easily escape that way, saying: "You d— -n little 
Yankee school-master, run, you can get away just as well as not." Air. 


Pellett replied that he was a good runner all right but added, "I'm 
afraid I couldn't outrun that shot gun of yours," and declined to run. 
The news that several companies of soldiers had arrived at Spring 
Hill diverted Ouantrill eastward through the fields of Squiresville where 
Quantrill lined up the recruits and informed them that he had been 
deliberating whether or not to shoot them, but had decided to turn them 
loose, which he did after taking their paroles. They reached Olathe 
about noon, footsore, weary and hungry. 

The next day Burris started in pursuit with several troops of cavalry 
and succeeded in recovering the arms and most of the goods taken 
from the stores. So ended Ouantrill's first raid, but Olathe was a 


sorry wreck, scarcely a door or window in the town remained unbroken, 
and it took quite a while, for its people to recover from the blows, but 
they did, and Olathe suffered but little during the remaining years 
of the war. 

I have recounted these things lest it be forgotten that our "City 
Beautiful" has seen troublesome days and that "the road to yesterday" 
was not paved with roses. 

At the close of the war, while Mr. J. R. Brown was running the 
American House in Olathe, a colored boy six or seven years old, whose 
"mother was a cook there, dressed up in a soldier's suit that someone 
had made for him. A' man by the name of Roberts saw him and said: 

"You of a , take off that suit !" and whipped out his gun 

and shot the boy dead. Colonel Holt, who was in charge of the troops, 
arrested the. man and put him in jail. Mr. Brown does not remember 
Roberts' punishment for the dastardly act. 


One of the beautiful farms of Johnson county two miles southwest 
of Olathe, as the travel ran in the early days before the wagons fol- 
lowed section lines, came near being the site of the present county 
seat of Johnson county. The Princeton town company of which 
Albert White, D. H. Mitchell, T. E. Milhoan and George String 
ham were members, laid out the town of Princeton, comprising 
160 acres, and began to sell town lots. This was in 1857, and soon 
two stores, a blacksmith shop and shoe shop located there. Prince- 
ton was a Free State town, and its people hoped to make it the 
future county seat, but Olathe had to be reckoned with and when 
the question came up to a vote, the Shawnee Indians were declared 
legal voters for this occasion and their votes were almost solid for 
Olathe, and Princeton's star had set. After the Olathe victory, Albert 
White filed on the old townsite of Princeton, for a homestead. J. H. 
Milhoan, a brother of T. E. Milhoan, is the present judge of the city 
court of Olathe, and lived at Princeton with his brother and mother 
when Princeton was laid out. He remembers the early days of Olathe 
and Princeton well, being identified with both and talks in a most in- 
teresting manner of their early history. 



Location and Enterprises — Banks — Churches — Reminiscences of Spring 
Hill— The Old Hotel— The Pioneer Store— Early Days at Spring Hill 
— Stage Line and Early Business Ventures — Locating the Town and 
Organization of Town Company — Spring Hill Beginnings — War 


At the present time Spring Hill is one of the best trading' points 
on the Frisco railroad in eastern Kansas. The Spring Hill Co- 
operative Association, organized in 1877, have the largest store in 
the city, and own their building, 80x100 feet, with opera house in 
the second story. It carries an excellent line of merchandise, has a 
very fine trade and is one of the solid financial institutions of the 
town. J. R. Lemen is its efficient manager. Hunger Nelson also 
carry a general stock of merchandise in the Odd Fellows building and 
are progressive merchants, building up a permanent trade. E. Davis & 
Son have a model furniture store and undertaking parlors and are 
competing with the larger towns in theii line. George Ellis carries a full 
line of hardware and is doing a good business. H. H. Xeff. druggist. 
is an up-to-date man in his line. C. E. Bail}' is one of the pioneers in 
the drug business, having been here for about thirty years. Other 
well conducted lines are harness, M. E. Black; meat shop, Ralph Hines ; 
barber shops, E. A. Roofe and Jack Burns; R. E. Harbison's tin shop; 
Allen's jewelry store; Frank 11. Jamison, hay and feed and extensive 
buyer and shipper 1 E tock; \Y. F. Hunter and A. H. Starbuck each 
run blacksmith shops; Mrs. M. L. Baily, millinery. The Eagan res- 
taurant and bakery is an up-lo-date shop. The Spring Kill elevator, 
of which J. S. Null is m; nager, does an tensive grain business, and 
the City Hotel, under the management of James W'vkoK, gives fine 
service to the traveling public. Physicians are: Dr. R. E. Eagan, Dr. 
( ). C. Thomas. Dr. H. M. Beaver, Dr. S. G. W. Stevens, and L. V. 
Gast, dentist. The Spring-Hill Lumber Company under the manage- 
ment of G. A. Simpson carries a complete line of building materials. 
Mellor and Rose are contractors; John Lambert, carpenter and plumber; 
W. M. Mollison, livery; Roy Payne, pantatorium ; George S. Sowers, 20tn 
Century stationary; J. L. Todd, Spring Hill creamery; W. E. Tisdale, 
real estate; W. F. Wilkerson, insurance; G. W. Moore, garage; C. W. 
Dunn, drayage and veterinary; Dr. Pearson, fancy poultry; C. D. 



Flanders, fancy poultry; George Mower, contractor; Col. W. C. Graves, 
auctioneer; Bush Newton, Overland dealer; Fred Ricketts, postmaster; 
W. W. Wickens, Mi-Jo. Telephone Company ; Clyde Elliot, manager 
of municipal lighting plant. 

The city a few years ago voted $6,000 bonds and installed a municipal 
light plant and the streets are well lighted. The engines and dynamo 
are in a neat and concrete building, the property of the city. 

An excellent band is also kept by the merchants' association. The 
Spring Hill Grange Fair, which this year will give its eleventh annual 
exhibit, began in 1904 as a stock and farm exhibit on the street and 
the second year leased two acres of ground from Mrs. Mathews, ad- 
joining the city on the south. These two fairs being so successful, 


the fair board the next year leased fifteen acres of ground, fenced 
it and erected a floral hall, put up stables and pens for stock, and 
each year since additions have been made till now the fair is one of 
the best attractions in eastern Kansas, to those interested in fine stock 
and farm products, this too without horse racing, considered as one of 
the great drawing features of a fair in the years past. 

The Spring Hill High School stands high as an educational institu- 
tion of the county, and is an accredited school at the State Univer- 
sity. A parent-teachers association has been organized recently and 
its meetings add much to the real worth of the school. 

The Spring Hill "New Era," established in 1889 by J. W. Sowers. 
W. F. Wilkerson, editor and owner at the present time, is an excellent 


country newspaper and covers the field adjacent to Spring Hill com- 
pletely. Mr. Wilkerson is a practical and thorough newspaper man 
and his untiring work and straight business methods are appreciated 
by the business men of the town in a substantial way. The "new 
Era" articles written by Mr. Wilkerson are widely copied by the press. 
The worth of the average town as a place of residence is measured 
often by the progressive features of its newspaper. Spring Hill owes 
much of its advancement in the past ten years to the aggressive fight 
of the "New Era" for better things and the wide-awake citizens of this 
thriving little city have begun to appreciate this fact. 


Spring Hill has two excellent banks. The Spring Hill Banking Com- 
pany, the oldest bank organized, has a capital stock of $20,000 and 
a surplus of $15,000. deposits $100,000. This bank for the past fifteen 
years has been under the careful supervision of A. P. Williams as 
cashier, with his daughter. Miss Anna, as assistant cashier, and is one 
•of the solid institutions of eastern Kansas. Eli Davis is president, 
Loren Crawford, vice-president, W. C. Palmer, secretary. Directors 
are W. M. Adams, S. R. Hogue, W. M. Tibbetts, George S. Sowers, 
P. O. Coons, Lizzie Bunnell, Eugene Davis and W. PI. Rutter. Stewart 
Simpson is assistant cashier and bookkeeper at the present. 

The Farmers State Bank was organized April 1, 1912. with a cap- 
ital stock of $20,000. It has a surplus of $6,000 and deposits of $50,000. 
Irwin Williams, a home boy, was selected as cashier at the organiza- 
tion of the bank and his careful business methods and pleasing manners 
are bringing the bank rapidly forward in the confidence of the people. 
Miss Osa Williams is assistant cashier. Thomas Williams is presi- 
dent, J. W. Sowers vice-president, George Ellis, secretary. Directors 
are R. R. Crawford, H. B. Dickey, George Osborn, J. P. Pettyjohn, 
E. E. Smith, W. C. Rohrer, Alex Hines, A. C. Stiles. 

The city park in "old town,' planted in trees many years ago, affords 
a cool retreat from the hot rays of the summer sun and has an amphi- 
theater where public meetings are held in the warmer months. 


The first year of the settlement of Spring Hill there were no churches 
or schools in town. Mr. James B. Hovey in an interesting letter writ- 
ten in 1874 gives the following data : 

"The spring of 1858 opened and found us without a school or church. 
Our community had been too small up to that time to support either, 
but the writer, thinking the time had then arrived when we might 
sustain occasional preaching, went in search of a minister of the Gospel. 


one who would be willing to preach occasionally, at first, with a view 
to establish a regular stated service for our people. A preacher of 
the Methodist Episcopal church was found by the name of Hurlbert (if 
I recollect rightly), who lived about two miles east of Baldwin City. He 
agreed to be on hand on the following Sunday; and hold service at my 
house. (I don't know but it might be as well to say here that my house 
being somewhat commodious was made use of for all public occasions : it 
was used for a hotel, postoffice, justice's office, voting, public meet- 
ings, preaching, and just before the war for a store and stage stand.) 
When Sunday came he was on time; in fact we were on the lookout 
for him and saw him coming miles away on the prairie, in those days 
one could alwa3 r s tell a minister as far as the eye could reach. They 
always traveled on horse back — the horse invariably had a sort of 
pious regulation trot, and carried the inevitable ministerial saddlebags. 
He had no sooner got there than the house was filled. The people 
crowded in from all directions. Some came on foot, some on. horse 
back, and some with ox teams, a few in two-horse wagons, but none 
in buggies, for, buggies at that day were as scarce as railroads. The 
meeting was such an unexpected success, and the preacher so en- 
couraged that another appointment was given out, and from that time 
we had stated preaching. In a few weeks the time came for a quar- 
terly meeting and the congregation had grown so the old hotel would 
not hold them. So all at once just a week before the meeting the 
people set about building a house which could be used for a church 
and school house. Everything was ready on the ground and the build- 
ing completed, all inside of one week, and the first quarterly meeting 
of the Methodist Episcopal church in Spring Hill was held in that build- 
ing on Sunday, where on the Sunday before not a stone or brick was to 
be seen. Elder L. B. Dennis, of Lawrence, was our first presiding elder, 
and he was so pleased with our enterprise, and with the large congrega- 
tion that turned out on that occasion, that he at once took a lively inter- 
est in our people and town, and had a regular station esablished here. 
In the meantime a church had been organized and the interest con- 
tinued to increase till we were supplied with a resident minister, the 
Rev. Richard. P. Duvall. 

"The roster of Methodist ministers from 1858 to the present time 
is as follows: The first minister was R. P. Duvall, who stayed till 
March, 1867. Then Rev. Hogue followed in 1867, William Whitney 
1868, O. H. Call 1870, Cole 1871, J. Biddison 1872. J. C. Tilford 1875 
(Mr. Tilford is the father of Mrs. J. W. Sow^ers. who still lives in 
Spring Hill), J. O.- Roberts, 1877, Walker 1879, Frank Hayes, 1881, 
J. S. Smith 1884, W r illiam Whitney 1885, son of the pastor of 1868; 
Don S. Colt 1887, S. A. Laugh 1888,' L. A. Markham 1889, J. A. Thomp- 
son 1891, M. L. Everett 1891, W. P. Elliot 1893, C. G. Crysler 1896, 
C. S. Frank 1899, C. J. Horned 1901, C. G. Crysler 1902 to complete 


the term of Horned, who resigned, Thomas McConnell 1903, VV. ]. 
Mitchell 1906, A. J. Bruner 1909, M. E. Goodrich 1910, D. A. McCol- 
lough, the present pastor, came in 1912. The first church was built 
in 1871 and is now used by the colored Methodist Episcopal church. A 
new brick church began in 191 1, was dedicated in August of that year 
and cost $10,000. The membership at present is 191. The Sunday 
school has an average attendance of 125." 


(By W. R. Rutter.) 

I came to Kansas in 1855 and went to Lawrence. When I arrived 
in the neighborhood where Spring Hill now is, in 1857, there were 
but very few people then on the ground. There were some Indians 
living on Bull creek, and among the whites I remember were James 
B. Hovey, William Mavity, S. B. Myrick, E. F. Davis, A. B. Simmons, 
W. A. Jenkinson, George Sprague, James McKoin and H. E. Brown. 
A town company was organized but it was not regularly incorporated 
until 1858. 

The first building in the town was the hotel at the northeast corner 
of the public square, a two-story frame, known as the Spring Hill 
Hotel. It was 30x40 and stood on one of the highest points in the town. 

The postoffice was established in the fall of 1857, but the mail 
had to be carried from Olathe, often on foot by A. B. Simmons, J. P. 
Lockey and myself. It was a dreary task, sometimes through the 
snow, and a lonesome job. 

In that winter four of us thought we would enliven things by adver- 
tising for a wife. Thus we did in the Boston "Journal," which brought 
several responses of a warm and amorous nature. One widow from 
St. Louis, Mo., carried on a correspondence with increasing inter- 
est with one of the boys, and at last reached the climax by telling him 
how much she thought of him and said that "the children called him 
pa." A young lady in Kentucky early expressed a willingness to see 
"the southern lily transplanted to the side of the northern rose." An 
elderly female from Maine wrote that she had $1,500 and that her hus- 
band must have as much. This let the boys out. Out of all the fun 
came one genuine attachment. One of the boys arranged to go to New 
York City where he was to meet his lady on a ferry boat, and should 
know her by her being dressed in black and carrying her handkerchief 
in her hand. This was carried out and they were married and came to 
Spring Hill to live. She was a finely educated lady, a fine Latin scholar 
and a musician. 

Mr. George Sprague was the first to erect substantial farm buildings 
in 1857, putting up a good house and barn, building fences and mak- 
ing things look like home. S. B. Myrick settled on the northeast 


quarter of section 15, directly north of my claim, and Davis was on 
the north of him. The first store was opened by W. G. Davidson. 
These were quickly followed in the next year by many others, nearly 
all of whom have gone. 

The first newspaper of Spring Hill was started December 7, 1870, 
and was called the Spring Hill "Enterprise." It was a Republican paper 
but in 1872 it changed hands and the name was changed to the "Western 

The Presbyterian church of Spring Hill was organized December 
4, 1864, with ten members. Rev. H. Reed was the first pastor. 

The following persons have served as pastors : J. W. Rankin, N. A. 
Rankin, James C. McElroy, A. Carroll, N. Young, A. M. Reynolds, 
William Howell, A. V. Stout, W. A. Rankin (second time), A. M. 
Mann, W. H. Course. 

The church building was erected in 1871 by J. C. Beckley and is 
situated in old town one block east of the Old Hotel. 


(By Ed Blair.) 

Over the prairies for miles and miles, 

Slowly the stage coach rolled along, 
With now and then the crack of a whip. 

And a "Get up there" or a bit of a song, 
The bluestem waved and the flowers wild 

Nodded and becked as the stage went by 
(In the soft June days) and when autumn came 

The fires of the prairie lit up the sky, 
And after the ride was a rest for a spell, 

For the passengers here at the old hotel. 

'Twas a welcome sight to the traveler worn 

The light that flecked from the windows here, 
And far in the night were the slow teams urged, 

That the drivers might bask in its warmth and cheer, 
For equality reigned at the old hotel, 

Where the traveler told of his wanderings far, 
Of his hopes and ambitions, of what he had been, 

Of all that had happened his fortune to mar ; 
And the innkeeper listened to what had befell, 

Till the clock struck twelve in the old hotel. 

'Twas here Greeley came by the old stage line, 

And stopped awhile for a welcome rest, 
And saw for the first the prairies so wide, 

That inspired his advice, "Young man, go west." 



But the trail now bears the name of a street ; 

By the hotel's walls move a city's throng, 
And the corn and wheat now nod and bend 

On the sod where the bluestem waved so long; 
But the hotel stands, yet through its door. 

The guests from the stage coach come no more. 

Like a granite slab 'mong the tangled vines 

That bursts to view in a lonely wood, 
(Where once in the long, long years ago 

A party of silent mourners stood). 
Brings back to the mind the years that have flown 

The years that have flown, yes, by the score. 
So the old hotel, with its sinking sills. 

Calls back to the pioneer days of yore, 
A slab in the woods with but few to tell 

Of its history now — is this old hotel. 


The Old Hotel at Spring Hill, Kans., is one of the historic buildings 
of Kansas and should be preserved as a historical museum of the border. 
It was the first building of Spring Hill, built in 1X57, and the old stage 
line ran by its door. It was built on the northeast corner of the square 
in what is now called Old Town. The building of the Frisco railroad 
caused the present business district to be removed a half mile east of 
the old town site. The building is a two-story and its frame work is 
made from native lumber. It has four rooms 15x18 below and two 


above with a seven-foot hallway in which a three-foot stairway is built. 
The stairway is boxed up underneath and recently a trap door was dis- 
covered inside of this, which, no doubt, had been made to be used as a 
hiding place during the border warfare. While there was no cellar 
underneath the building, the floor was high enough to admit a man's 
body and a score of persons could have been secreted there with no 
danger of discovery. On the north side a kitchen, twelve feet wide, 
extends the full length of the building. Everything about the building 
from the heavy oak sills, the old style hardwood flooring, the doors, 
windows and general style of construction, suggest the pioneer days. 
Up the old stairway you will want to go sure when you visit the place 
and there you will find two big rooms, big enough for four beds each, 
yet how many were accommodated at a time few indeed know at this 
time. The bridal chamber above the approach to the stairway is 6^x 
7I/0 feet in size, and suggests the only privacy about the building. The 
building cost $3,000, and the lumber used, with the exception of the 
frame, was hauled from Leavenworth. At the time of the building of 
the hotel some maple trees were set out and two of these are still grow- 
ing, the largest, standing south of the door, being nine and one-half feet 
in circumference. A well dug at the same time just north of the building 
is twenty-five feet deep ; has never been dry and still furnishes water 
to many in this part of town. One hundred feet north of the hotel a 
stage barn was erected where eight head of horses were kept and cared 


The drivers on the stage line changed horses here, and it was the 
duty of the stage barn owner to have these horses ready to hitch up as 
soon as the stage arrived. These stage barns were erected about every 
ten miles along the route and but a few minutes was ever lost in chang- 
ing horss. Four horses were driven at a time. Pat Murphy came to 
Johnson county with Tared L. Sanderson, who was interested in. carry- 
ing mail and operating stage lines. Sanderson first established a stage 
line from Sedalia, Mo., to Warrensburg ; then later, in 1863-64, a line 
from Kansas City Mo., to Ft. Scott, Kans.. making a contract to carry 
the mail for four years at one cent per year. Mr. Sanderson figured that 
the passenger traffic, freight and express would make him a nice profit 
and he could afford to carry the mail, as by doing so he would keep 
competitors out, and it proved a profitable venture. He also operated a 
line from Kansas City to Santa Fe, a distance of 700 miles. A daily mail 
and express from Kansas City to Ft. Scott, with stations ten to fourteen 
miles apart where horses were changed, was kept up till the Missouri 
River and Ft. Scott & Golf road was built in 1869 and 1870. The first 
station was at Gum Springs, then followed in regular order, Beattie 
Mahaffies, northeast of Olathe ; Squiresville, Spring Hill. Paola. Twin 


Springs, Moneka, north of Mound City; Ft. Lincoln and Ft. Scott. 
Eight horses were kept at each barn and a telegraph line was established 
along the route. Two changes of horses were made each day, one in 
the forenoon and one in the afternoon, and Mr. Murphy had charge of 
the stable at Spring Hill. When Pat first came George . Sprague kept 
the Farmer's Hotel, now the residence of James Cuddeback, and the 
stage barn was located near, under the charge of Mr. Sprague. He 
afterwards moved to the Old Hotel and the stage barn was built just 
north of it. Here later William Sowers conducted the hotel and had 
charge of the barn. 

The location of the different buildings around the square at the time 
Mr. Murphy came was as follows: W. G. Davidson's general store was 
located on the site of D. S. Curtis's residence at the southwest corner 
of the square. This was the only building on the west side. Rankin 
& Steel had a general store near the southeast corner, west of Mrs. 
Hattie Skinner's residence. On the east side, where George Reeder lives 
at present, stood the store of Brown & Willis. Willis was a brother-in- 
law of Eliphalet Newton, and south of this store was a hardware store 
owned by W. Day. Alexander Davis and William Nichols ran a black- 
smith shop on the east side, also located on the lot where the residence 
of C. G. Wilson now stands. On the northeast corner, opposite the Old 
Hotel, was located the first store building. A store was opened here in 
the winter of 1857-58 by \\*. G. Davidson. Afterwards a Mr. Johnson 
kept a general store here and kept a barrel of liquor on tap also. 


( By Ed Blair.) 

The counters were not polished (only where the loafers sat). 

But little light shone through the window small, 
A sack of Rio coffee made a snug bed for the cat, 

The shelves extended half way up the wall. 
'Twas just a "general" country store, at least they called it so, 

Perhaps because they generally were out 
Of what the people wanted, and the customers must go 

With things with which they often were in doubt. 

But stores are only ventures and the first must feel its way 

And this was like all others of its kind ; 
Some groceries and hardware, just enough to load a dray, 

Was largely then with what the shelves were lined. 
But there was more than merchandise dispensed there every day, 

When settlers from the Wea and Ten Mile, 
And roaring, raging Bull Creek, and the Blue, ten miles away, 

Spat on the stove and visited a while. 



The stories of the growing corn ("Nigh on to boot-top high") 

The planting of the hedge (the future fence), 
The digging of the spring and well and finding water nigh, 

Were stories then of interest intense, 
And sandwiched in with others was the yarn from Uncle Dan 

Of yesterday when crossing at the ford 
He caught six cats with just one bait, the way his story ran, 

The least of them as long as Berkshire's sword. 

And Uncle Bill would tell 'em how he sewed his buttons on, 

For batching was an art he'd mastered well, 
And how the nails helped out a lot with buttons off and gone, 

"Or locust thorns sometimes would do as well;" 
And when a livety yarn was told the boys would gather 'round 

A little keg that sat against the wall, 
And turn the spigot slightly and pass the cup around, 

The memories of old times to recall. 

Yes, there was "booze" in Johnson's keg and money, too, for him, 

And the reservation Indians also knew, 
And when they, too, "mixed in" to smoke, the candle light grew dim, 

And then they surely had a motley crew. 
Sometimes the hotel cleared its floor and gave the boys a dance, 

And then this keg of Johnson's took a hand, 
And e'er th' boys attending spent th' "wee sma' hours," perchance 

A part of those connecting couldn't stand. 

The booze is gone, an outlaw now — for this no tears are shed — 

But many things we've lost that are no gain : 
The stronger ties of friendship in the early days, that led 

A pioneer for miles through snow or rain 
To help a needy brother when the fever threatened life, 

Or help him save the meager crops he had. 
For hearts grew strong and brave and true mid poverty and strife 

And the good things ever crowded out the bad. 

The "Uncle Dan" referred to above was the invincible 'Dan Ramey, 
of Spring Hill." Uncle Bill (William Rutter), worked as a car- 
penter on the Old Hotel and was a pioneer of 1857. Berkshire's sword 
is still hanging in the Grange store at Spring Hill. This sword was car- 
ried by Lieutenant Berkshire in the '6o's and is one of his treasured 
relics of the war. 

Mr. Hovey built the old store building and it was afterwards pur- 
chased by William Sowers, at the same time the Old Hotel was bought. 



David Sprong had a residence near where the residence of J. W. Janes 
now stands. A Mr. Lindsay bnilt the residence now occupied by Mrs. 
L. J. Holdren. 

The stone houses now owned by J. A. Hopkins and W. C. Graves 
were built before Mr. Murphy came to Spring Hill, and, having been 
remodeled and replastered, are as substantial as the day they were built. 
The building now known as Cook's Hall on south Main Street, was origi- 
nally the Odd Fellows Hall and stood on the site now occupied by the 
residence of Mrs. Hattie Skinner at the southeast corner of the square. 
The Ancient Free and Accepted Masons also had a hall on the south- 
west corner of the square, which was moved when the railroad was bnilt 
to the lot now owned by Mrs. Null on Main Street. The building was 
later burned down and a brick store stands there, now occupied as a 
bakery and restaurant. Mr. Murphy moved his building now standing 
northeast of the depot from the north side of the square west of the Old 
Hotel. Mr. Murphy transacted business in this building for forty-two 

The first white citizen of Spring Hill township was James B. Hovey. 
In a letter from him to Mr. Oliver Gregg in 1874, he gave the following 
excellent sketch of the early days of Spring Hill and Spring Hill town- 
ship : 

"About the middle of March, '57, I started for Leavenworth with a 
view to locating there, but the enormous value put upon property there, 
at that time, led me to abandon that point. I then proceeded to Kansas 
City, where I heard such glowing accounts of the "Shawnee Lands" in 
Johnson county that I decided to see these lands and locate there, if 
they answered the description given them. In the latter part of March 
I went to Olathe. There I found Dr. Barton, a clever genial gentle- 
man, who took pains to show me the vacant claims about Olathe, but 
the fact is, I was frightened at seeing so much prairie with no timber 
near. So the good Doctor told me about the land around the head of 
East Bull creek, where there was, then, a most lively country and good 
timber. After spending the night with him in his cabin (which was the 
only house there then), where some eight or ten of us, all strangers to 
each other, slept in a row on the floor, with a blanket apiece under us 
for a feather bed, and one over us for covering. It was the fashion then 
to carry a pair of blankets, because one hardly knew where night would 
overtake him, or what he would find in the way of sleeping accommoda- 
tions. Having breakfasted with the Doctor, on the plain fare of the day, 
corn bread and bacon, I started, under his directions, to find the head of 
East Bull creek. There were no roads, not even a trail to guide one, 
I was on horseback, and went, with the help of a pocket compass, to find 
a certain quarter section, I have forgotten its number, with its township 



and range on a memorandum, nine miles south of Olathe, which I found 
without difficulty. I was then to go down Bull creek one mile and a half 
to find the cabin of a Shawnee Indian, who bore the name of George 
Washington, whom I found to be a good sort of an Indian, or as he 
would say : "Me good Shawnee man." 

You will recollect that among the provisions of the Lecompton con- 
stitution was one allowing all the Kansas Indians to vote "who had 
adopted the manners and customs of the white man." That meant the 
manners and customs of the average border ruffian of that date. The 
Indian who chewed tobacco, smoked, drank whiskey, and cursed the 
"d — d abolitionists" was entitled to vote, so they nearly all voted. 

George Washington, though he smoked and chewed, seldom drank 
and was a very good Indian. His dress consisted of a broad rimmed hat, 
a red calico shirt, and a pair of moccasins, which, of course, entitled him 
to vote. His family consisted of a wife and two children, and with them 


I made home for some few weeks, there being no white folks anywhere 
near there. The nearest place to a white man was seven miles south 
of me, near Ten Mile creek in Lykin county, now Miami county, where' 
there was a small settlement of Missourians which they called St. 

On the east there was not a habitation till we reached the State line. 
On the north, Olathe was, the "nearest place, and on the west at the junc- 
tion of Santa Fe and Little Santa Fe roads, where Gardner now stands. 
Mr. O. B. Gardner and some others were getting out material on Bull 
creek to put up cabins. 

Bill McCamish, who had married a Shawnee woman, was living on 


Bull creek, at the crossing of the Santa Fe road, which was then a camp- 
ing- place for Santa Fe trains, but was afterwards laid out for a town and 
called after its owner, McCamish. 

The east fork of Bull creek was known as Little Bull. 

At the time of my entry on Little Bull as an actual settler in March, 
1857, there were four Shawnee families living there, nestled out of sight 
in the timber of the creek. They were George Washington and family, 
Solomon Madder and family, Black Wolf and family, and one other fam- 
ily whose name I have forgotten. They were all peaceable and quiet 
sort of Indians who minded their own business and kept pretty much 
away from the whites. 



On going to the place where Spring Hill is located, I was struck with 
the natural beauty of the place. The view from the elevated point selected 
for the public square was grand, and the distance one could see was 
wonderful. After the town of Aubry was built, twelve miles east of 
Spring Hill, we could see the houses there every clear day, and the tim- 
ber adjoining the town of Ossowatomie, eighteen miles southwest of 
Spring Hill, could be distinctly seen. I settled on the southeast quarter 
of section 15, township 15, range 23. From my Shawnee landlord I bought 
some timber and alone, with the aid of my horse, commenced to build 
a cabin. This was the first claim occupied in that part of Johnson 
county or in Spring Hill township. Being so well pleased with the local- 
ity and being somewhat enthusiastic in my estimation of its future, it 
having all advantages of timber and water, and on a line that must be 
traveled between Olathe and Paola, I concluded, to myself, you know, 
as there was no one else to conclude with, that this was a good place 
for a town. So singly I set the ball in motion and stuck my stakes, the 
northwest and southwest quarters of section 14, township 15, range 23, 
for a townsite. It was an easy thing to stake a town site, but the next 
thing was to keep it, especially when there was no town company, nor 
any sign of one, but I trusted to luck and the Squatters' Association. 
Dr. Barton was my friend and the leading spirit in the association. 
There was an understanding that if an actual settler, relative of a mem- 
ber of the association, thought of coming to Kansas, such a member 
might take a claim adjoining his own for the benefit of his relative and 
hold it thirty days. Well, I took the chances that way, for my brother- 
in-law, to hold one quarter, the other I had to watch, and whenever I 
found settlers searching for claims, I would volunteer to show them 
good claims, and in that way I got a good number of settlers around 
me, and saved the town site. The first man that come along was Will- 
iam Mavity. In about two weeks after I landed there I put him on the 


southeast quarter of section 14, township 15, range 23. He was unable 
to improve his claim at that time, and I kept him in my employ all that 
season. Then S. B. Myrick and E. F. Davis came together and took 
claims adjoining each other, Myrick taking the northeast quarter of 
section 15, township 15, range 23, directly north of my own and adjoin- 
ing the town site on the west, and Davis taking the quarter adjoining 
Myrick on the north, but both soon found that their claims were on 
Indian head rights, and Myrick went to Olathe, but Davis stayed and 
took another, which joined the town site on the north and I took him 
as a partner to hold half the town site. We two then held it till we got 
it platted and surveyed, which was completed May 18, 1857. It devolved 
upon me to give it a name, which duty I fulfilled, calling it Spring Hill, 
after one of the most beautiful places I had ever seen — the suburban 
town near Mobile, Ala., Spring Hill, a most charming spot surrounded 
by beautiful groves, and flower gardens in endless variety. It occurred 
to me that the surroundings of the new town were capable of being- 
made, by culture, as beautiful as the older one for which it was named. 

"In the fall of '57 Mr. Davis sold his interest in the town to A. B. Sim- 
mons, William Jenkinson and J. P. Lockey, and soon afterwards I sold 
shares to James McKoin, Edwin Walker and H. E. Brown. On the first 
Monday in January, 1858, a town company was organized in conformity 
with the legal requirements for preempting town sites. J. B. Hovey 
was elected president and A. B. Simmons secretary. The town made but 
little progress during the first few years of its existence, but the mem- 
bers of the town company were anxious to have the surrounding country 
settled with a good class of settlers and took more pains to get the 
county settled up than the town, well knowing that if they would have 
a flourishing town they must have a flourishing country to support it. 

The first house built in the town was the Spring Hill Hotel. It was 
built in the summer of 1857, Dv J- B. Hovey, and stands on the north- 
east corner of the public square, a two-story frame buiuding, the ground 
floor occupying forty feet front by thirty feet depth. It stands on 
the highest elevation in the town, the view from its upper story windows 
being very extensive and one of rare beauty. 


The oldest farmer in Spring Hill township is George Sprague. His 
claim joins the north half of the town on the east, and he made the first 
improvements and his farm shows what a practical industrious man can 
do. Mr. Sprague put up the first substantial board fence in that vicinity, 
also raised the first Osage orange for hedge and'built a large frame barn, 
such as was seldom seen in any part of the State at that day. He was 
one of the first farmers to build a good dwelling in the township. 
Among other parties that came to Spring Hill about this time were D. 


F. Dayton, James Sweeting - , B. H. Stiles, and all made substantial im- 
provements, so we had one of the best improved settlements to be 
found in the county. 

On the fifth day of October, 1857, occurred the first election for del- 
egate to Congress, member of legislature, justice of peace, etc. At this 
first election, if I remember rightly, sixteen votes were polled. M. J. 
Parrott received a majority for delegate to Congress, Edwin S. Nash for 
member of State Senate ; J. B. Hovey and H. H. Wilcox were the first 
justices of peace. 

During this fall the department at Washington granted a postoffice 
at Spring Hill, and appointed J. B. Hovey postmaster. But the receipts 
at the office had to pay for carrying the mail, and as they were next to 
nothing at all, the carrying had to be done just the same. Under these 
circumstances it was undertaken as a labor of love and was actually 
carried on foot during the winter of '57 and '58 to Olathe, and back once 
a week, over that bleak prairie, sometimes through the snow, and there 
was no beaten road to guide one most of the time, by A. B. Simmons and 
W. R. Rutter, though occasionally by Jonathan Gore and W. A. Jenkin- 
son. They went two at a time for safety, as there was no road to fol- 
low. In 1858 our mail route was changed. We got it through the dis- 
tributing office at Westport, and J. H. Jackson, of Spring Hill, got the 
contract to carry it weekly. In i860 A. B. Squires took a contract to 
deliver it to us tri-weekly. In 1862 we got mail daily, on the regular 
Kansas City and Ft. Scott mail route, which had been changed so as to 
come by way of Olathe. 

During 1859 it was thought advisable to effect a regular organization 
of a Republican club. In pursuance of that plan Gen. J. H. Lane spoke 
at Spring Hill to a large crowd, and the club was organized with J. B. 
Hovey, president, and A. B. Simmons, secretary. 

Early in 1858 A. D. Richardson, then a regular correspondent of the 
Boston "Journal," since then attached to the New York •Tribune," 
became much attached to eastern Kansas. In going to Osowatomie he 
stopped at Spring Hill, and was so highly pleased with everything there 
that he at once proposed to become interested in the town. The writer 
sold him an interest and he was admitted into the town company on the 
footing: of an original member. Mr. Richardson evinced a lively interest 
in the affairs of the town and always used his influence for its welfare. 

During the winter of '57 and '58, the first store was opened at Spring- 
Hill by W. G. Dividson. He did a very fair business for the amount 
of stock he kept. In i860 Mr. Prunty came from Parksville, Mo., built a 
commodious store and dwelling, put in a complete stock and did a splen- 
did business. 

On the twenty-second day of March, 1858, an election was held for 
the election of township officers when H. H. Wilcox and J. B. Hovey 
were elected justices; A. B. Squires and Mr. Wilcox, supervisors, and 



J. B. Hovey, chairman of' supervisors, William Mavity and Robert Vic- 
tor, constables. 

In 1859 Spring Hill thought she had enough talent within her border 
to start a literary society, so a call was made for that purpose, and the 
Spring Hill Literary Society was started with about twenty members. 
J. B. Hovey was elected president, Mrs. Charles Spanlding secretary, and 
Miss Emma Gustin critic. It flourished for a season then quietly gave 
up the ghost. 

It was during this year, 1858, the great rivalry sprang up between 
Gardner and Olathe on the county seat question. Gardner Was not sat- 


isfied with the way Olathe had secured it, and wanted further action on 
it by the next legislature. At that period in the history of Kansas it was 
believed that corner lots, when judiciously applied, had great weight 
in the location of county seats, especialty with the previous legislature,, 
whose uneviable name has passed into history, and which is known as 
the "bogus legislature" of Kansas, though I am not aware that Olathe 
was ever suspected of using any such appliances in her interest. Gard- 
ner's hope was in getting her candidates nominated for the legislature, 
through whose influence, if elected, they hoped to secure the desired: 


change by legislative enactment. Messrs. Lockhart and Hovey were 
elected by large majorities. That election was really a test on the county 
seat question, and Olathe won. The legislature wisely refrained from 
meddling with it, and in Johnson county it never came up afterwards. 
In i860, the year of the great drouth in Kansas, Spring Hill town- 
ship suffered but little in comparison with other parts of the State. 
Though there was great scarcity, and but little of anything raised, the 
calls for aid from our township were very few and easily supplied. Dur- 
ing the summer the writer had frequently to shut all the doors and win- 
dows in the house to keep out as much hot burning air as possible that 
came from the south ; we had never experienced anything like it before. 
In breathing it, it really seemed that we were breathing hot air from an 
oven. Animals suffered dreadfully, and its blighting effects were felt 
by everything animate and inanimate. 


Spring Hill raised two companies for home protection, one a 
mounted company, commanded by Capt. James Duff, and one infantry 
company commanded by Captain Hovey. One or the other of these 
companies was frequently requested to stand guard over some weak 
neighboring settlement, that had been threatened with fire and sword 
by some of the Missouri bushwhackers that infested the border that sea- 
son. This kind of irregular service did not suit our men, it was not either 
soldiering or farming, though it partook of the hardships of both. Fre- 
quently we had to sleep with our guns in reach and perhaps with our 
clothes on, ready to start up with the first note of alarm. During the 
same season Captain Hill, of Olathe, commenced recruiting for active 
service in the field and quite a number of our men went into his com- 
pany and with their regiment, Col. R. B. Mitchell's, participated in the 
battle of Wilson Creek, under General Lyon. Captain Duff, together 
with such of the men that remained, held himself ready for home service. 

In October, 1864, we had our last and biggest scare. Price was com- 
ing upon us like a volcano, with an army big enough to swallow us all 
down together. Our situation was critical. General Curtis at once 
issued an order putting the State under martial law, and ordered every 
man to report for duty, had the stores all closed, and squads of patrol- 
men bringing in delinquents, not only in cities and towns, but through 
the country. In many instances men were taken from their fields while 
at work and some were not allowed to go home for a change of clothing. 

The legislature of 1858-59 passed an act opening a State road from' 
Leavenworth via Olathe, Spring Hill, Paola, and Mound City to Ft. 
Scott. A military telegraph line was placed on the road during the war. 
In due season parties interested, including the writer, began to agitate 
the question of a railroad. 


One looks back on those days of trial, when the wolves came howling 
around our cabin in the night, and the rabbits used to eat all our young 
trees in the winter, the Indian hogs ate up our corn in the summer, and 
the cattle broke down our fences at all seasons of the year. And when 
we used to haul all the water we used from a spring half a mile away 
and go twenty-five miles to Westport to mill ; yet after a lapse of sixteen 
or seventeen years, it is rather pleasant to look back and reflect on the 
good those early efforts have accomplished. 



Settlement and Townsite Company — Business Firms — Gardner Raided 
Three Times — The Last Raid — Churches — Gardner of Today — Gard- 
ner's Early Days. 


Gardner, Kan., situated on the Santa Fe railroad, ten miles 
southwest of Olathe, is one of the best cities of its size in the 
State in wealth and business. The town was settled in 1857, and named 
for O. B. Gardner, former governor of Massachusetts. The town com- 
pany was composed of J. \Y. Sponable, O. B. Gardner, Benjamin B. 
Francis, A. B. Bartlett, George Chamberlain and others, and from the 
start the town made a good growth. The early settlers were nearly all 
Free State men, and when the Lecompton constitution was up for adop- 
tion out of 103 votes cast in the township, only three were for it. The 
greater part of Gardner township is prairie and the soil is extremelv fer- 
tile. One of the first Free State conventions in the county was held in 
Gardner in 1858, J, W. Sponable representing the township as a dele- 
gate. He was also a delegate to a convention in Olathe the same year 
where a firm stand was taken against the pro-slavery party. Gardner 
was pillaged three times during the border warfare, but only once did the 
town suffer badly. When the war commenced the men in Gardner urid 
Gardner township enlisted freely. 


The following is a list of Gardner business men in 1915 : Bigelow- 
Foster Merchandise Company, general merchandise ; Ward & Mowrey, 
grain dealers; Farmers Bank, H. C. Bigelow, cashier; Terrell & Turner, 
hardware; Gardner Lumber Company, building material; Cramer & 
Eyerly, contractors ; Dodge Sisters, millinery ; Gardner State Bank, H. 
O. Craig, cashier ; Gay Brothers, general merchandise ; George B. Dent 
& Company, harness shop ; Johnson County Telephone Company, H. C. 
Bigelow, manager; J. B. Todd, creamery and ice plant; C. L. Horn, 
groceries and meats; Henry Young & Son, hardware; W. R. Pearce, 
jeweler and optician; E. E. Armstrong, drug store: R. C. Fear, physi- 
cian; J. W. Stanley & Son, furniture and undertaking; J. R. Miller, bar- 
ber; E. L. Eaton, editor Gardner "Gazette;" W. T. Silver, barber; Will 
Stern, live stock shipper; F. L. Hodges, horse dealer; H. N. Hodges, 


dealer in mules ; P. J. Murphy, postmaster ; Gardner Clothing Company, 
general merchandise; H. Z. Moore, dentist; A. M. DeVilbiss, physician; 
F. N. Wilson, dentist; J. L. Smith, painter; W. H. Luther, painter; W. 
C. Ball, shipper hay and straw; J. S. Cordell, drayman; T. H; Myers, 
pantitorium ; J. C. Pack, dealer in hay, rock crusher; Laura B. Murphy, 
insurance and real estate; J. C. F. Ayres, real estate and insurance; L. 
I. Gray, garage; J. E. DeNoon Auto Supply Company, oils, and auto 
supplies ; G. J. Tobler, auto livery and feed stable ; G. W. Moll, bakery ; 
H. T. Clarman. blacksmith ; Sam Stephens, blacksmith ; James C. Shean, 
electric picture theatre ; E. E. Hill, restaurant. 


I am indebted to Stephen J. Wilson, of Olathe, for the following arti- 
cles concerning the raiding of Gardner, Kans., at three different times in 
the early history of Gardner township : 

Hostilities of the great Civil war in the United States commenced 
April 12, 1861, when the Confederates fired on Ft. Sumpter. Hostilities 
ended with engagements at Boco Chico, May 12, 1865. In August, 
1861, was the first hostile act of the Confederates in Johnson county, 
Kansas, when a party of Missouri Confederates came over to Tomahawk 
creek and escorted the suspected Confederates, old man Franklin and 
family, across the line into Missouri. There were no casualties in this 
demonstration. The occurrence created some local excitement but in 
reality was of little consequence. The first town in Johnson county, 
Kansas, that was raided and looted by Confederates was Gardner on 
the night of October 22, 1861. The village of Gardner is situated on 
the old Santa Fe Trail, seventeen miles west of the Missouri line and 
eight miles southwest of Olathe, and thirty miles southwest of Kansas 
City, Mo. I was at that time sixteen years old, a resident of Gard- 
ner, and clerking in the store of J. W. Sponable. The store was full of 
goods, including; many pieces of fine goods such as broadcloth, tweeds, 
cassimeres, silks, satins, laces, ribbons, and staple drygoods, such as were 
usually kept in country stores, which we sold entirely at retail. Another 
store there was owned by a brother of my employer, Sanford G. Spon- 
able, and L. H. Church, his partner. Their store was filled with cloth- 
ing, drygoods and groceries, which they sold at wholesale and retail. 
Both stores were doing a thriving business. We had no railroad then 
at Gardner. Some small stores, blacksmith shop, shoe shop, the Stone 
Hotel, owned or occupied by Abram Cramer, the postoffice, about fif- 
teen or twenty dwelling houses, and about 100 inhabitants, consti- 
tuted the town. We had also an organized company of home militia, 
consisting of about twenty-five or thirty men, recruited from various 
parts of the township. The State government supplied them with six- 
teen muskets; Osmar Green was captain. They met about once a week 



to drill, and used a small one-story house near the center of town for 
their armory, where the guns and ammunition were stored between 
drill days. 

In this raid on Gardner fourteen of the bandits were Dick Yeager's 
men, from Missouri, near the border, though some other man may have 
been the captain. We called them bushwhackers. It is reported that 
Cole Younger was one of the men in the band. They entered Gardner 
from the east, bringing with them a wagon and horses, probably stolen 
from Andrew Murphy and Henry Gorsline, two miles east of town. 
They also got wagons and horses from my employer, J. W. Sponable, 
and a third wagon and horses were taken from another party near town. 
The bandits arrived about 10:30 o'clock just as we were closing up 
the store after a busy day's trade. It was a clear moonlight night and 
the last customer at the store was a man living north of Gardner, Will- 
iam Bergen, near or beyond De Soto. He was trying to make a deal 



with Mr. Sponable for a larger bill of goods than regular customers 
usually bought. He stayed late talking to Mr. Sponable and left about 
half an hour before the bandits arrived. The first move the bandits 
made was to secure the sixteen muskets, stored in the armory diagonally 
across the street from the store. They evidently knew where the guns 
were. Mr. Sponable had just stepped outside the door to go home and 
immediately came back and said, "There are robbers." We counted 
fourteen bandits in sight. We could see from the store what they were 
doing and realized our danger. After securing the guns they surrounded 
the store. John Sponable, myself, and a soldier of the Mexican war 
by the name of Wesley 1 1 iff, were in the store. Iliff slept in the store 
with me and had already gone to bed. We locked and bolted the front 


door, put out the light, and went up stairs. The bandits rattled the 
front door and demanded to be let in. We did not answer. Then four 
or five of them got hold of a big breaking plow that stood outside and 
with it smashed the door open. By that time we were getting uneasy, 
but could do nothing, and that is just what we did. Our store was 
wooden and could be easily set on fire. We had two single-barrel guns, 
one empty and no ammunition to fit it, the other one I loaded while 
going upstairs and in my hurry got the ramrod fast. Outside were four- 
teen men well armed with double barrel shot guns, Spencer and Sharpes 
rifles, for us to tackle. Mr. Iliff told us to hide our guns, which we 
promptly did, by placing the loaded gun in the bed. The bandits were 
now in the store and calling for a light, and informed us we would not 
be hurt. They knew that we were upstairs and told us to come down. 
Mr. Sponable went down first and lighted a lamp. Iliff was the next 
one down, and in a few moments I went down, passing by a man with 
whiskers and a double barrel shot gun, standing at the foot of the stairs. 
He looked like a common, every day sort of a fellow, and I failed to be 
frightened at seeing him and stepped in the back room as I told the 
fellow I wanted to get my scarf. I found men outside guarding all the 
doors and windows, and no chance for me to get away if I had wanted to. 
They demanded the safe key from Mr. Sponable. He told them he did 
not have it, but had just got back from Leavenworth, spent all his money 
for goods and had lost the safe key, unless he had left it in his other 
pants pockets. He handed them a can of powder, said they might blow 
the safe open but he did not think there was any money in it. They 
examined the safe and decided it could not be blown open with powder, 
and asked Mr. Sponable to make a further search for the key. Three or 
four of the men took him to his home about a quarter of a mile away 
to search the clothing he had worn to Leavenworth (the story about 
going to Leavenworth was true). Mr. Sponable found the key and the 
bandits no doubt saw it in his hand but from their ignorance of safe 
keys, failed to recognize it as a key of any kind. Mrs. Sponable suc- 
ceeded in making the bandits believe that her husband had told her 
when he came back that he had lost the key. So the safe was not further 
molested. There were several hundred dollars in money and many 
valuable papers in the safe. In the meantime, while all this was going 
on, the bandits were loading up the wagons with goods, mostly dry 
goods, from the counters, shelves and drawers, dumping them in by 
the armfuls. The other store owned by Church & Sponable was also' 
broken open and other wagons were being loaded up there with goods. 
Several thousand dollars' worth of goods were taken from each store. 
Other houses and stores in the town were not molested, no person was 
killed or injured, not a gun fired. Mr. Iliff and myself, and every other 
person the bandits caught, except Mr. Sponable and his wife, were 
taken and marched across the street to the armory, where a mounted 


guard was placed over us. There were about twenty of us and they 
held us from about one to two hours till all of the wagons were loaded 
and started toward Missouri. Guards then ordered us to stay where we 
were till daylight or they would kill us. Then they left following the 
wagons eastward. Two or three persons were compelled to act as 
drivers on the wagons. E. Davis was one of these. When they took 
Andrew Murphy's and Corselines' teams on their way in town Mr. 
Gorseline immediately set out to inform his neighbors. The bandits 
were hardly out of town before men with guns were coming in town 
from all directions. By daylight nearly 200 men had started 
in pursuit. They got as far east as Little Santa Fe at the State line 
where they made a halt to council concerning their rights to cross over 
and also to get something to eat. Here Henry Gorseline met with an 
accident. He was in a store looking at a loose handled smoothing 
iron which lay on a shelf, and in examining it the iron dropped down, 
striking the hammer of his gun he was holding, and discharging it. 
The charge entered his head, causing his death two weeks after. This 
accident put a damper on the entire company, and they returned home 
without recovering any of the goods except some that had jostled out 
of the wagons along the road. My loss by the raid "was a silver dollar, 
some small change, a home-made white weasel skin purse, and a record 
or diary that I prized highly. Since the raid I became owner of the 
store building, and own it yet in a somewhat altered condition. It 
stands on another lot in the west part of town. I also became owner 
of the safe and key referred to, and the latter is still in my possession, 
the safe having been destroyed. 

Of the persons victimized and otherwise referred to in this sketch, 
my old employer, J. W. Sponable, accumulated a competence for him- 
self and family, in the banking business and other enterprises. He was 
finally paid for his loss in this raid by the Government and the money 
he received he gave to people in Miami and Johnson counties for the 
support of libraries. He died a wealthy banker in Paoli, Kan., leav- 
ing a family of six, consisting of his widow, Myra D. Sponable, of 
Paola, Kan., his son, Fred T. Sponable, who succeeded his father 
to the presidency of the Miami County National Bank; his son, Frank 
W. Sponable (our present State senator from this county, 1905), who 
lives at Gardner, Kan., and operates the Farmers Bank at that place. 
His daughters are Fannie F. Fordyce and Carrie McLaughlin, of Paola, 
Kan., and Helen Washburn, of Topeka, Kan. His brother, Sanford 
W. Sponable, died a retired bachelor in Chicago, was wealthy, and 
is buried in Paola. L. H. Church made considerable money in the 
mercantile business and was one of the men who built the old St. 
James Hotel, in Kansas City, Mo. He afterwards became a cattle 
man and in cowboy fashion he gave his personal attention to driving 
the cattle to markets. 


Abram Cramer and Wesley Iliff are both dead and are buried in 
the Gardner cemetery. Osmar Green moved to Palmyra, Mo., 
E. Davis was afterwards a captain of militia at Gardner. He died in 
Lyon county, Kansas. Andrew Murphy moved to Topeka, Kan. 
As to what took place immediately after this raid, October 22, 1861, 
the loss sustained by Newton Ainsworth, a farmer living five miles 
east of Gardner at that time, and of Ainsworth's and Sponable's efforts, 
and of their success in securing Jennison's troops from Leavenworth, 
and the doings of Jennison's men in retaliation, recovery of some plun- 
der captured from some of the bandits and disposition made of the pur- 
suers, I can not give accurate and reliable account. 


It was August 23, 1863, that the third and last visit of Confederate 
guerillas was made on Gardner. It was in the evening when Ouan- 
trill's men passed through the town on their way to sack and burn 
Lawrence. They moved quietly along, riding four abreast, with pickets 
out in all directions, the officers speaking to their men in a clear deep 
undertone, saying: "Close up. close up." I was holding several horses in 
a ravine some distance away and out of sight, though I distinctly heard 
the tramp of the horses' feet and the commands of the officers. They 
traded horses with some man in the town and told the man to send 
his bill into Leavenworth for the "boot" they were to give. They 
claimed to be new troops going to Leavenworth to be mustered into 
service. Their conduct and armament were suspicious and aroused 
the citizens. Great excitement soon prevailed, and people hid their 
valuables and run their horses and cattle to places of safety and some 
individuals sought safety in the high weeds and shrubbery. Dr. W. W. 
Shean appeared to be one they were especially desirous to see, but 
he and his son, Chandler D. Shean, succeeded in evading them, but 
his son, Edwin P. Shean, then a boy, was induced to put the Johnnies 
on the right road to Lawrence and was their guide for a few minutes. 
He was not harmed, is alive yet and lives on a farm near Gardner. 
No persons were tortured, no shots were fired, no one was killed and 
no houses were burned in Gardner or in its vicinity, on any of the 
raids made on Gardner by Confederate guerillas, bandits or bush- 


The first church organization in Gardner was that of the Metho- 
dists, a temporary one in 1857. They were reorganized in 1859 
and built their church edifice in 1878 at a cost of $2,200. It was 
dedicated by Rev. J. C. Tilford, who was minister at the time. He 
was succeeded by Rev. Mr. Walford. The church was remodeled in the 


spring of 191 1 at a cost of $1,500. The present pastor is Rev. B. A. 

The Presbyterian was the first permanent church organized in the 
town, having been effected in 1858. This church was built in 1870 
at a cost of $3,000. Rev. Beech was the first pastor. This church was 
struck by lightning in August, 1892, and damaged. A new church was 
built in 1894 at a cost of $4,000. 

Westminster Hall was completed in 191 5 at a cost of $6,000. This 
ing is 48x90 with stage 48x16, with maple floor, well lighted and built 
built for public meetings, basket ball, athletics, etc. It has a full set of 
stage scenery, and the Ladies' Aid Society have a complete kitchen in 
the building, and folding tables where church dinners are served at all 
social functions. 

The Catholic church was organized in 1870 after the completing of 
the railroad and a church erected in 1870 costing $2,000. In 1912 a 
new handsome brick church 35x80, costing $8,000, was erected. The 
first pastor was Rev. M. J. Casey. Present pastor is Rev. James Ording. 

The Baptist church was organized in 1879, and their church erected 
the same year at a cost of $2,000. Their first minister was Rev. W. A. 
Stewart. Present pastor is W. O. Wolf. Claude Spyres, form-erly a 
member of the church here, is now doing excellent work in the ministry. 
The church building was damaged by a tornado, March, 1905. It was 
remodeled at an additional cost of $500. 

The Church of Christ was built in 1912, costing $3,000. This church 
has no regular pastor at the present time. 

Gardner has two strong banks, the Farmers Bank, Frank W. Spon- 
ble, president, H. C. Bigelow, cashier, deposits $262,000; the Gardner 
State Bank, M. F. Bray, president, Homer Craig, cashier, with deposits 
of $122,000. The- population of Gardner is 600 and on a bill board re- 
cently erected on the south side of the Santa Fe Trail passing through 
town is the following glowing tribute to prohibition Kansas : "Gardner : 
Population 600 — Bank Deposits $400,000 — No Saloons or Joints." 


Gardner had a population of 514 in 1910 and has had a substantial 
growth since then, and perhaps has about 600 now. Its bank deposits 
are about $400,000. 

The homes and streets of Gardner are lighted with natural gas from 
the main of the Kansas Natural Gas Company. It supports a Chautau- 
qua each summer and has a lecture course during the winter season. It 
has several strong mercantile concerns, among them the Bigelow-Foster 
Mercantile Company, Gay Bros., Terrell & Turner Hardware and Imple- 
ment Company, Gardner Lumber Company, and all the different lines of 
business are well represented. 



The Gardner "Gazette," Ed Eaton editor, is a newsy paper, and in 
its quiet and effective way, boosts for the city of Gardner fifty-two 
times a year. Mr. Eaton, the editor, is a thorough newspaper man, 
unobtrusive, but firm for the things that add to the upbuilding of a 
small town and his persistent work in showing so effectively the value 
of good roads, and public improvements has been the means of placing 


Gardner foremost among the small cities of the State with a reputa- 
tion for doing things. A $30,000 dollar high school building is being 
erected at the present time which will be modern throughout. 


(By W. J. Ott. ) 

The author of this article was born in Maryland in 1827, and after 
a few years' residence in Virginia went to Iowa where he remained 
two years. 

"In 1856 I had heard of the fine country lying to the south and west, 
called Kansas, and the struggle for liberty then being waged to make 
it a free State. However, after a trip as far as Leavenworth, and show- 
ing such war-like conditions, I returned to my home in Iowa where I 
remained until the next year. 

"In the spring of 1857 a party consisting of Alexander R. Veach, 
Arthur Larrick, Ellis Miner and myself took up the trail from Leaven- 
worth for the Neosho country which was then being rapidly settled 
up. On reaching Lawrence, we fell in with a man named Fairfield, who 


lived on Kill creek, about five miles northwest of where Gardner now 
is, who told us of the prairies near his home, 'as fine as the sun ever 
shown upon.' Our party followed Fairfield's suggestion and on April 
22, 1857, we reached the place which was to be our future home and 
found that its description had not been exaggerated, and if the sun shines 
on finer prairies, we have failed to find them. 

"Each of us took a quarter and started to make a home. We were 
the first white settlers in this neighborhood, except Fairfield, who had 
married a Shawnee woman. 

"Not long after this George Thorne and Rufus Thorne, his brother, 
came with several yoke of cattle and went into the business of break- 
ing prairie. George Thorne settled on a claim northeast of Gardner but 
about the next year took a trip over the Santa Fe Trail to New 
Mexico. His father came that fall and took the claim which had been 
first held by Rufus Thorne, although he was not much more than a 
boy. I raised some excellent potatoes on my claim that year, but 
nothing else. The ground which Thorne broke was planted to corn the 
next year, 1858, and gave fair promise of the splendid qualities of the 
prairies of Gardner township which we have seen fulfilled so bountifully 
in the intervening years. 

"Among others who came that first year was our friend, V. R. Ellis, 
and a man by the name of E. Davis and O. B. Gardner. Mr. Davis 
built a hotel on the Santa Fe Trail near where my present home now 
stands. The principal attraction at his house in the way of entertain- 
ment consisted of the charm of his three daughters. The oldest one 
married Mr. Cartright in 1857, being the first wedding of the neigh- 
borhood. I claim to be entirely unbiased as to the qualifications of 
these young ladies, as I knew them well, having married one of them 
myself in 1859. 

"The most of the settlers of our neighborhood were Free State men ; 
and most of the settlers of Olathe were pro-slavery. We had very 
little of crime or law-breaking and were a peaceful and neighborly set 
of fellows. It is true that in some parts of the country there was a 
good deal of claim jumping, when men rightfully entitled to their homes 
were driven off by violence. In order to protect the rights of actual 
settlers, we formed a protective settlers' association or squatters' asso- 
ciation, as it was called, of a dozen or more men of the community. 
This association had but little to do, and never to my knowledge used 
any violence, but we did save the homes of some of our settlers against 
eviction by persons who had come with a view of using force. There 
was no shooting or hanging by this association, and its work was of 
the best and highest advantage to our little community. 

"The town of Gardner was laid out in the summer of 1857. The town 
company consisted of Mr. Bartlett, president, Asa Thayer, George Cham- 


berlin, Ben Francis, David Francis, his brother, and O. B. Gardner, and 
from this .latter person the town took its name. 

"Large beginnings were made by laying out 320 acres of land in town 
lots. The company gave a share of eight lots to any one who would 
build a house on the townsite. . I accepted this generous offer and 
built my first house on the now site of Gardner. It was not a very 
pretentious affair, made of native lumber, which I got from the mill 
at De Soto. 

"The long, old, red building, which now stands near Mr. Frank Spon- 
able's elegant home, was built by me for his father, J. W. Sponable, 
in the year 1857. It first stood a block farther east than it now stands 
and was our first store building. The stone hotel was begun that year 
but was not finished until 1858. 

"The first sermon in the town of Gardner was preached in the house 
of Mr. Davis, afterwards my father-in-law, but not according to my 
regular appointment. The preacher was Mr. Hubert of the Methodist 

"There are incidents enough to be told of our early life in Gardner 
to fill a big book. We had many inconveniences and hardships, dis- 
couragements and difficulties, almost without number, but each rebuff 
only made these early pioneers the more buoyant and strong, developed 
the many splendid qualities out of which was grown the excellent citi- 
zenship of our little city of today. There were many calls for help and 
sympathy and the large heartedness, characteristic of the times, never 
halted or failed to respond when occasion demanded." 

Location — Churches — Commercian Enterprises — Cemetery — The Press.. 

Edgerton has a population of 450, is located on the Santa Fe 
railroad, fourteen miles southwest of Olathe, and is in a fertile farm- 
ing country. It has three churches. The Methodist Episcopal church 
has a fine $10,000 building which was dedicated in October, 1913. Rev. 
A. L. Day is pastor. This church is located on the corner of Fourth 
and Hulett streets, and the congregation has a fine parsonage which 
was erected at a cost of $1,500. 

The Presbyterian church is located at Third and Nelson streets, and 
is a handsome frame building, costing $7,000. Rev. J. S. Swagger is 
pastor. A $2,000 parsonage is owned by this church, also. This church 
has a membership of 140. 

The Catholic church is in charge of Rev. L. E. Kramer. The build- 
ing is an elegant frame structure, costing between $7,000 and $8,000, 
wtih a fine parsonage also. 


The Edgerton State Bank has a capital stock of $20,000, and a 
surplus of $14,000. The following are the officers : President, Frank 
Braun; vice-president, J. R. Whitla ; cashier, Martin J. Kelly; assist- 
ant cashier, W. F. Braun. The Edgerton people take a pride in their 
schools, and are now agitating the question of building a district high 
school, as the present building is inadequate for the increasing needs of 
the district. 

The Edgerton Hardware Company does a large business in hardware, 
implements and automobiles. J. R. Whitla is the manager. 

The Farmers Store with C. E. Harlow, manager, does an excellent 
business, and carries a general stock of dry goods, groceries, hardware 
and implements. 

Pearce & Cordell are dealers in groceries and dry goods. E. J. Runner, 
druggist. Thomas S. Greer, physician and surgeon. Hale & Dwyer 
are general merchants. Besides these, all smaller lines of business are 
well represented. The town has a large lumber yard and an elevator 
with a capacity of 50,000 bushels. A new modern hotel, band, thirty- 
acre natural park adjoining the city on the east, and as Mr. Mayes puts 
it, "four Killarney lakes which furnish boating." The Odd Fellows hold 
an annual picnic in the park and a Chautauqua is held every year. Nat- 


ural gas is supplied by the Kansas Natural Gas Company. The two 
cemeteries, Catholic and the one belonging to the Edgerton Cemetery 
Association, are well kept and present a neat appearance. 

The following is a list of the firms doing business in Edgerton : W. H. 
Kelly, elevator and corn mill ; Edgerton Lumber Company, D. R. Hale, 
manager; Edgerton State Bank, M. J. Kelly, cashier; Edgerton Hard- 
ware Company, J. R. Whitla, manager, hardware and implements ; 
Farmers' Store, C. E. Harbour, manager, general merchandise; Pearce 
& Cordell, general merchandise; Hale & Dwyer, general merchandise; 
Ernest Crow, barber ; L. J. Roller, restaurant and bakery ; E. J. Runner, 
drugs; Edgerton Creamery Company, C. E. Todd, manager; S. B. Ewart, 
painter and paper hanger; S. M. Lard, blacksmith; G. E. Leberman, 
blacksmith ; P. E. AVolfley, real estate and loans ; J. C. Crawford, pain- 
ter and paper hanger; L. E. Walker, painter and paper hanger; F. O. 
Grahm, barber; J. M. Collins, dray and transfer; J. S. Edenfield, horse 
and mule buyer; J. F. Hastings, postmaster; The Edgerton "Journal," 
Charles W. Mays, publisher. 


The people of Edgerton and vicinity are proud of their cemeteries, 
one of which lies one mile south and four miles west, while the other, 
the Catholic, is one mile south and an equal distance to the east. 

A few years ago it was thought the present cemetery would shortly 
be too small for their needs, so the late C. M. Dickson sold to the board 
of trustees a number of acres adjoining the old cemetery on the east and 
south, so that the plot was more than double in size. 

The cemetery board takes care of the ground and all the graves, no 
one being obliged to look after their own lots. 


Mr. Charles Mayes publishes the Edgerton "Journal," a live newspa- 
per. Mr. Mayes is a Kansas product, born in Pleasanton, Kan., in 1873, 
and began learning the printing trade when eight years old. He worked 
in many newspaper offices before he embarked in business for himself. 
He established the "Journal" in December, 1906, bringing the old Wash- 
ington press formerly used by the "Greeley News," Mound City "Demo- 
crat" and LaCygne "Standard," which he purchased from Bruce Dennis 
of the La Cygne "Journal." Mr. Mayes is the father of eight children, 
a gain of seven since he came to Edgerton, and is not only educating his 
flock, but is making the financial end show up in a substantial way. He 
is a good town booster, and is appreciated by the good citizens of Edger- 
ton and surrounding country. His office is located in the historic Metho- 
dist Episcopal church that was removed from Lanesfield to Edgerton 


after the railroad established the town of Edgerton. The main part of 
the Hotel DeTar building at Edgerton was formerly the United Presby- 
terian church at Lanesfield, and was brought here at the same time. 
The studding in this building is 4x6 oak, and the building is still substan- 
tial, notwithstanding the fifty years or more of service. The old Ft. Scott 
and Leavenworth military road, as well as the Santa Fe Trail, passed 
through Edgerton. 

David M. Evans located here in 1857, when he was six years old. On 
the way here, he with his uncle, later Judge David Martin, camped at 
Jonathan Millikan's, at Olathe. They erected a log house on his farm 
at first, and, shortly afterwards, a stone house. During the border 
trouble Mr. Evans remained here alone, Mr. Martin being called away 
to duties connected with the home guards. 



Strang Line — Business Houses — Additions — Avation Park — Exposition 
Club— Bank. 

The building of the Missouri-Kansas interurban railroad, known 
a s the "Strang Line" from Kansas City to Olathe, has joined 
the futures of the two cities. If one grows the other must as the busi- 
ness and social relations are so closely connected. The rise in land 
values along the line of the interurban from $100 to as high as $1,000 
per acre has added millions of dollars to the wealth of the farmer resi- 
dents in Johnson county. The interurban lines are naturally the farm- 
er's lines as they bring a market to his very door and give him the 


conveniences of the larger cities, while still living in the free and open 
country. The Strang line has not a bridge on its entire line. It fol- 
lows the high ridge along the historic Santa Fe Trail, now a rock road 
that parallels the Strang in the Overland district, and this drive is the 
delight of all motorists 

Overland Park is situated on a ridge 136 feet higher than the highest 
point in Kansas City, which is plainly visible in the distance and is 
nearer the postoffice in Kansas City, Mo., than Swope Park. 

Overland has natural gas, electric lights, septic tank sewerage, twenty 
miles of graded streets, shade trees, and about 100 buildings. It has a. 
bank, lumber yard, and a number of important business institutions,. 





















as follows : Lon Cave, hardware, implements, garage ; J. C. Conser & 
Son, general merchandise, coal and feed ; J. E. Murphy, general store ;. 
Miss Fern Jessup, drug store; George W. Weimer, restaurant; Phil- 
Walker, feed barn and livery ; Howell & Wilson, blacksmiths ; Over- 
land State Bank; Auto Restaurnt; A. M. Wood, real estate and insur- 
ance; Miss Ella Moreland, postmistress; C. B. Halliday, attorney and 
real estate; Dr. Stough. physician; Home Telephone Company, J. D. 
Givens, manager; Overland Park Lumber Company, Charles Braun,. 
manager; Overland Barber Shop. 


The entire town site of Overland comprises 500 acres, divided as fol- 
lows : 

Overland Park is laid out in 233 choice building lots 50x140 feet, 
which lie just west of the depot at Overland on the Overland Park 
turnpike. The building restriction is $1,000. 

Overland Hill, laid out in ninety bungalow sites, lies just north 
of the depot. Kansas City can be plainly seen from every lot, and no 
more beautiful land can be found anywhere. The building restriction 
is $1,500. 

Overland Heights, which lies east of the depot, along the Santa Fe 
Trail Boulevard, is an ideal spot for a suburban home. It is laid 
out in 170 lots, and single acre tracts, fronting on winding roads to 
conform to the natural, contour of the grounds. A fine view of Kansas 
City, as well as of the beautiful Indian creek valley, can be had from 
this subdivision. The building restriction is $2,500. 

Overland View, which is laid out in single acre tracts, adjoins Over- 
land Heights on the south, and commands an excellent view of the 
Indian creek valley from every point. The convenient and sightly loca- 
tion of this land, together with the richness of its soil, makes it very 
attractive for suburban homes. The building restriction is $1,000. 

Overland Place, which lies southeast of Overland Heights, is laid 
in two and one-half and five acre tracts. A fine view of Kansas City, 
as well as of the Indian creek valley, can be had from this subdivision, 
and it is especially attractive for those desiring a large country place 
for a home, or for truck gardening purposes. 


Overland Park has an aviation school, a grand stand, and hanger or 
aeroplane garage, and all facilities provided for the housing of aero- 
planes. Some of the world's now famous aviators made their first 
small beginnings at Overland, and its flying field is widely known in 
the world of aeronautics. 

J 54 


Mr. Strang believes in Overland, works for it, talks for it, spends 
his money for it, and knows form his thorough knowledge of the United 
States, in which he has built railroads in nearly every State, that Over- 
land, for a healthful place, a beautiful place, a moral place, and a good 
place for investment and home building, can not be excelled and proves 
his faith in the people and town by living here, himself, with them and 
being one of them. 


The Mid-Continent Exposition Club has been chartered under the 
laws of Kansas and Is organized to build and operate an extensive expo- 
sition plant and club on ground to be purchased in Overland Park dis- 
trict. A large tract of land, excellently situated for the purpose of a 
club, has been acquired It is well served by macadam, automobile 




Sis: '4 






roads, the Strang line, the St. Louis and San Frisco railroad, and is 
only eight miles from the union station in Kansas City. 


Overland Park State Bank was organized March, 1910, with a cap- 
ital stock of $10,000. It has a surplus at present of $2,000, and deposits 
of $55,000. Its officers are John L. Pettyjohn, president; John Marty, 
vice-president ; C. A. Pincomb, cashier. The directors are John L. Pet- 
tyjohn, John Marty, John Hyde, J. D. New, E. D. Cross, E. E. Voights, 
Willard James, C. E. Pincomb, L. D. Breyfogle, C. F. Pettyjohn, Frank 
Hodges. This bank has a neat building 24x60 feet, with basement under 
the entire building. 



Location and Business Firms — Organization of Town Company and 
First Building — Churches — DeSoto During the Civil War — A Pion- 
eer's Experience — Introduction to the Shawnee Indians.. 

De Soto, Kan., is situated in the northern part of Lexington town- 
ship, on the Santa Fe railroad, sixteen miles east of Lawrence. It is 
a thriving little city, and is surrounded by a good farming territory. It 
has a city light plant, a grain elevator, and Hodge Brothers have a large 
lumber yard there of which J. E. Dewees is manager. The Kaw Val- 
ley Mercantile Company and the Taylor Mercantile Company have 
large establishments, carrying full lines of general merchandise. All 
lines of business are well represented. The city has a population of 
about 500. 

The De Soto "Eagle Eye" is published by Wiard & Wiard, and is a 
newsy paper of genuine merit, and covers the surrounding territory 

The De Soto State Bank has a capital and surplus of $18,000. B. S. 
Taylor is president and Andrew Smith, cashier. It is one of the solid 
financial institutions of the county. 

Other business firms are: Ralph Jinks (successor to Coker Brothers), 
general merchandise ; Davis & Ore, implement store ; J. M. Stuchberry, 
hardware ; Nicholson & Chambers, hardware, furniture and undertak- 
ing; Baker & Company, furniture and undertaking; John Boen, livery; 
B. C. Gulp, Rexall drug store; L. C. Blaylock, garage; Charles Kaegie, 
blacksmith ; James Hidleston, second-hand store ; George Wyland, bar- 
ber; Dr. Marks, physician; Dr. Fortney, physician; J. F. Mason, stock- 
man ; M. Rakestraw, postmaster. 


De Soto was organized in the spring of 1857 D . v a town company, 
composed of B. W. Woodward, James F. Ligate, James Findley and 
G. W. Hutchinson. It was named after the great Spanish explorer, 
De Soto. 

Zera Nichols occupied the first frame building in the town as a gen- 
eral store in 1857, and Stratton & Williams built a saw mill on the 
river bank. D. Rolfe was employed as engineer for a year and he liked 
the country so well that he sent for his family and they arrived here 
in April, 1858. Two or three buildings were erected in 1857. Percy 


Teters built a double dwelling- in 1858, and his family and that of John 
Van Rankin occupied it. The first hotel was built in 1858 and Mr. Rolfe 
moved into it that year. John Van Rankin started a general store in 
1859. Tli e postoffice was established in i860 and James Smith was 
the first postmaster. 


The Methodist church was organized in 1858 with Elder Buch as 
minister. Meetings were held in private houses and in the hotel until 
1866 when a stone church, costing $2,500, was erected. The Presby- 
terian church also was organized in 1858. In 1879 they built a stone 
building costing $2,000. Rev. William H. Smith became pastor in i860 
and remained pastor for about thirty years. 

The first birth in De Soto was a child of Mr. and Mrs. Gentry. It. 
died soon after birth and this was the first death in the town. 

The first marriage was a double one, that of Trusdale Barclay to 
Mellisa Gentry and Robert Todd to Mary Gentry, the ceremony occur- 
ring in 1859. 

A two-story flouring mill was erected in 1879, near the depot, by 
Skinner & Barrett. 


The excitement of the border war was as great at De Soto as in 
other border towns, and the people of that vicinity organized the 
home guards and picketed the roads. Robert Todd, of this place owned 
a horse named "Buckskin" that used to stroll across the Kill creek 
bridge, near his home, where pasture was greener than on his side of 
the creek. Sometimes he would go over in the evening and along" 
about daylight the next morning return home. A Mr. Lewellyn. who 
did not know "Buckskin," nor his way, was placed near the bridge one 
night after "Buckskin" had crossed, with orders to halt everyone that 
attempted to cross the creek. Early next morning he heard the horse 
coming across the bridge. Mr. Lewellyn called "Halt" and "Buckskin" 
stopped. "Advance and give the countersign," yelled Mr. Lewellyn, 
and "Buckskin" started on and kept advancing. Mr. Lewellyn, thinking 
it was a bushwhacker, blazed away, putting a bullet in "Buckskin's" 
jaw. "Old Buckskin" was a tough animal though and a few days' doc- 
toring by Mr. Todd brought him back to his usual good health. 


The following is given by J. L. Morgan, who is one of the prominent 
pioneers of De Soto : 

"I landed at Kansas City about the twelfth day of April, 1858, and 
walked out to Westport where I stayed all night, and there I met a man 


who said his name was Turpin, and he lived near Olathe, which was a 
very wealthy neighborhood, where claims were worth about $5,000.00 
each. I w r as intending" to go to Tecumseh the next morning, but took 
the wrong road at the mission, and asking no questions, I later found 
myself in Olathe. I saw some men at a house on the north side of the 
road from the Avenue Hotel, and asked one of them the way to Tecum- 
seh. He said that I was on the wrong road, and would have to go to 
Monticello, or Lexington, which latter was the nearer, but that there 
was no road further than Cedar creek. The house where these men 
were proved to be the justice court, and my informant was Wilkerson, 
a kind of attorney between the two cedars. I had business with him 

"Following his direction to Lexington, I started out. passing the 
Bronaugh claim, now the A. G. Carpenter farm, and the claim of Bill 

"I saw rails hauled out on the prairie, but no wealth that my friend, 
Turpin, had spoken of. Outside of Olathe all was prairie grass, about 
two inches high, partially covered by the snow which had been falling all 
morning. The road stopped at Cedar creek. I forded the stream and 
climbed the bluff, just above where the red bridge now is, and found 
myself on a high prairie, and saw a high mound ahead, and made for 
that, until I saw, off to the northwest, some signs of life. The sun was 
getting low, so I made for that bunch of houses. After wading Kill 
creek, I came to a path which proved to be one made by stage horses, 
when driven to the creek for water. Following this path, the first house 
I reached was one standing where Lexington Grange Hall is now 
located. I went up to this house, and the man sitting in the door was 
Colonel Quarles, the father of William Quarles, of Stanley. He pointed 
•out a place where I could stay all night, for the sun was down and I 
was very hungry, not having had anything to eat since I left Westport. 
Several men came in during the night, and some of them were from 
Kentucky. Colonel Quarles also was a Kentuckian, and I was just 
from there myself (not from the bluegrass district, but from the penny- 

"After looking around the next morning, I concluded to go no further. 
I found that this was the Shawnee Reservation, and that there was a 
township organization, and that the settlers had come in 1857, mostly. 
Samuel McKinney had built a large hotel which had burned down, and 
Ralph Potter was undertaking to rebuild it at this time. There was 
a grocery store, which sold whiskey, on the side. There was a daily, 
four-horse stage, west and east, with an express messenger who carried 
the money chest. They changed horses and took dinner here, each way. 
This was a regularly organized stage company. I remember that L. G. 
Terr went over the line often, also Phil Elkins, the father of Stephen 
B. Elkins, United States senator from' West Virginia. Some of the 


drivers' names I recall Among them was our jolly, whole-souled 
"Bill" Julien. No matter how cold or hot, wet or how dry, he was 
always on time with jolly good humor. 

"Among the town officers, I will name Mr. Slaughter, county sur- 
veyor, who lived here. Each township had three commissioners, and the 
chairman was a county commissioner. Ralph Potter was our chairman ; 
Jesse Roberts was justice of the peace. There was no constable serving 
when I came, so Justice Williams appointed me constable, and I was 
commissioned by Governor Denver. 

"A few words in regard to the town of De Soto. It seemed to be a 
flourishing little town, with a steam saw mill, owned by Stratton & 
Williams. Cottonwood lumber seemed to be legal tender at that time, 
to the mill owners. A good dry goods and grocery store, by R. and 
M. L. Todd, and a ferry, put in and operated across the Kaw, 
by Warren Kimball, and John L. Taylor's blacksmith shop, together 
with H. A. Burgess' boarding house, used until the hotel was built, 
made up most of the business concerns. Daniel Rolf was proprietor of 
the new hotel. 

There was another place which made an effort to be a village, and 
that was the town of Potosi, or better known as "Little Shab," just east 
of Pioneer Hall. It was preempted by O. F. Williams and a man by the 
name of Winthrow, for a town site, but, like Lexington, it is now 
a fine farm. 

"To refer to an item mentioned in the beginning of this paper, of 
going to Tecumseh ; the name of my friend there was James Alverson. 
He came out here from Kentucky, in 1854, and his relatives, at Tecum- 
seh, were named Jordan. In March, 1863, I went up to see him, and we 
had a very fine visit, talking over old times. I never saw him any more, 
until the Price raid, in 1864. I was with our company, at Shawnee,, 
when the Topeka regiment came through, and he Avas in the ranks. I 
had a good long talk with him, and the first news I heard after the 
battle of Brush Creek, or Westport, was that he had been killed in 
that battle." 



J. L. Morgan, of De Soto, was born in Hardin county, Ky., in 1833, and 
located on the Kar river, three miles west of DeSoto, in 1858. The town 
of De Soto is located on land then owned by John Possum, a 
Shawnee Indian. Mr. Possum's cabin is still standing in the barnyard 
of Mr. Anderson, who owns the farm now. Once, after the Shawnees 
had drawn their Government money, some of them decided to celebrate 
with a little firewater, and these met at Possum's cabin, and the usual 
drunk followed. When Mr. Morgan stopped at 1he place, the little 
cabin was full of drunken Indians, lying on the floor, much like hogs 
in their pen. One of them, Aaron Blackfish, was not so full, however, 
and he darted out at another door. There were three doors in the cabin. 
After Mr. Morgan left, Blackfish came back and in the drunken row 
that followed, killed Tom Big Knife, crippled another Indian by striking 
him with a gun, and then shot himself with the same gun. 


Shawnee — Quantrill Visits Shawnee — Lenexa — Aubry — Stilwell — Stan- 
ley — Merriam — Bonita — Morse — Ocheltree — Monticello — Wilder 
Kenneth — Choteau — Switzer — Lackman — Craig — Zarah — Holliday 
— Oxford. 


The lovers of Kansas history will always find in the pretty little 
town of Shawnee, situated one mile west of Merriam, Kan., some- 
thing of interest. It is a beautiful place, and a few business 
houses are built around the square in which are growing shade trees 
that invite you to a welcome rest. The history of Johnson county could 
not be written without Shawnee being prominently mentioned. It was 
at one time the county seat of Johnson county, and at two different 
times, 1862 and 1864, the town was sacked by guerillas under Quan- 
trill. James Campbell, of Merriam, lived there at the time and wit- 
nessed the destruction of the town. Thirteen houses were burned each 
time beside the loss by pillage, and destruction of lives. A street car 
line from Merriam, Kan., running through a beautiful grove, takes you 
to this quiet retreat so full of romance and history and as one wanders 
about the town, house after house built back in the '50's and '6o's can 
be discovered. Many of the modern houses in the vicinity contain a part 
at least of some of the stone or brick residences of the earlier days. 


Shawnee contained a larger population before the war than at the pres- 
ent time. It is not now an incorporated city, and has no police force 
The residents of the town being so law-abiding and peaceful none is 
needed. What a contrast to the time when eight saloons sold liquor here 
to Indians and whites alike. And this little towp^without an organiza- 
tion, too, has one of the strongest and best directed banks in the county, 
the Shawnee Savings Bank, incorporated in 190$ with a capital, stock of 
$10,000 and a $5,000 surplus and deposits of, $90,000, president, R. O. 
Larsen; vice-president, L. L. McShane ; C. Nieman, cashier ;,C. • M. Wat- 
son, assistant. The town has three general merchandise stores and 
one exclusive dry goods store and one hardware store. It has a nice 
school building with three rooms and an enrollment of 115. The Metho- 
dists have a strong organization under the supervision of Rev. F. E. Mod- 
den and a membership of 105. Two years ag~o the Methodist Sunday 
school celebrated the fiftieth anniversary. Father T. P. Schwam is the 
head of the Catholic church here. He has a fine church with strong mem- 
bership. Up to two years ago a parochial school was maintained here, 
the school being the oldest one in the State. 

The first settlement was made here August 10, 1857, by J. D. Allen. 
Other early settlers were Richard Williams, William Holmes, J. T. 
Rowland, W. B. Maupin and A. W. Wear. 

Shawnee derived its name from the Shawnee Indians, who lived here 
on the reservation at the time of the white settlements. The district 
court met here in 1857. All the county officers resided here at that time 
and the town was known as Gum Springs. J. D. Allen was appointed 
justice of the peace by the commissioners in 1857 and held the position 
for many years. 

Timothy Keeser and Martha Patton were married September 9, 1857, 
the first marriage in the town. The first death, that of Mrs. W. B. Mau- 
pin, was in July, 1858. The same year the first school was organized here 
and was held in an old Indian meeting house. A school building was 
erected in 1866 near the southwest corner of the public square. In 
September, 1857, Rev. William Holmes preached the first sermon in 
the town. A church was built many years prior to the location of the 
town, called the Shawnee Indian Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 

A postoffice was established here in 1858, and M. P. Randall was 
appointed postmaster. The present postmaster is Benjamin F. Hollen- 
back, who was first appointed to the place in 1867 by President Andrew 
Johnson, and with the exception of two terms when Grover Cleve- 
land was President, has held the office ever since. In Mr. Hollenback's 
own words, "I was removed then for being an offensive partisan." The 
postoffice is now located in the northeast corner of the square and Mr. 
Hollenback and wife have nicely furnished living quarters in the back 
part of the same building. Mr. Hollenback was born in Kendall county, 
Illinois, in 1836, was married to Catherine Brown in 1854 and has 
seven children. He first located in Olathe township about four miles 


east of town and was there when Ouantrill raided Olathe in 1864. He 
heard the gunshot that killed Frank Cook, a young man who enlisted 
a short time before in the Twelfth Kansas. It was about midnight 
when Quantrill's men passed by his place and Mr. Hollenback heard 
them coming. His house was almost one-fourth mile from the road 
and one of Quantrill's men began to tear the boards off the fence to 
go through when one of the men called, "Come on, G — d — it, there aint 
no one lives there; it's an old abandoned house." Mr. Hollenback's 
corn field was close by his house and he kept secreted until they had 
passed. Mrs. Hollenback and their children were there at the time. 

Mr. Hollenback engaged in business with Thomas Archer, in 1865, 
at Shawnee. A year later they dissolved partnership and Mr. Hollen- 
back continued in business alone. He knew the Indians well and recalls 
Chief Bluejacket, Graham Rogers, Lazarus Flint and others. He sold 
the Indians a great deal of merchandise and they were good pay. He 
says they came, picked out what they wished and paid for it without 
dickering. Many of them were like their white brothers in spending 
their money as fast as they received it, and oftentimes, before. He 
says Chief Bluejacket and quite a number of other Indians belonged 
to Shawnee Lodge, No. 54, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and he 
remembers when Chief Bluejacket was initiated. At a certain part of the 
ceremony, he made a very long and fervent prayer, and tears rolled down 
his cheeks. These Indians wore their hair trimmed in the same style as 
the white men. In August, 1862, Mr. Hollenback enlisted in Company H. 
Twelfth Kansas infantry, and served until July, 1865. He was on the 
board of county commissioners for two years, being elected in 1867. He 
is well fixed in a financial way, and at the age of four score, he and his 
estimable wife are enjoying the well-earned competence which is theirs. 

Patrick McAnany lives three-fourths of a mile north of Shawnee on 
one of the fine improved farms for which this township is famous. 
Mr. McAnany was born in Ireland in 1839, and came to this country 
in 1848, and to Shawnee, Kan., in 1858. He was married to Helen 
Mansfield in 1869, in Kansas City, Mo. Mr. McAnany lived with a 
Shawnee Indian, David Daugherty, many years, and has a fund of 
most interesting history of the early days to relate. He says, as do all 
the others who were intimately acquainted with the Shawnees, that 
they were a fine people, intelligent and honest. The only objection 
he had to them, said he, was the way they cooked. He just couldn't 
like their cooking. "How did they cook their meat?'" was asked of him, 
and he replied: "Well, I don't know as you would call it cooked. They 
would roast it before the fire until it was partly done, then eat the part 
cooked and roast it again, continuing this until the piece was finished." 
The greatest season of rejoicing among these people though was when 
the corn of the little field had reached the roasting stage. Then these 
people would gather the corn, tie the ears together by the husks, put 




some forks in the ground, lay poles across them and hang the corn on 
the poles, under which they would build fires. When the corn was 
roasted properly they would take the corn and cut it from the cobs and 
spread it out on buffalo robes, deerskin or other hides, to dry. The 
Indian went barefoot and the fact that their bare feet came in contact 
with the corn made no difference as to its toothsomeness. After the 
corn was dried it was put away in bags made of hides and kept dry 
until such time as it was needed for food. Their fields were small, from, 
one to four acres in extent. The corn that was not dried was kept for 



meal, and until a mill was built each family desiring this luxury made 
its own meal by burning out a hollow in a stump. In this hollow they 
would put some corn, and with a wooden maul, almost four feet long, 
would pound or churn it until it was the proper fineness for bread. 

When they got their pay from the Government, which was once a 
year, in the fall, the payment was made at the council house, and those 
to whom the Indians were indebted were there at desks, ready to receive 
their money as soon as the Indians got theirs. The Indians carried their 
money in big handkerchiefs, tied around their neck, and the pay of each 
one as his name was called was put in his handkerchief. Then he passed 


down the line to his creditors, and each took out the amount due him, 
which usually was plenty, no doubt, and often there was nothing left 
for "Poor Lo," when he had visited the last one. Air. McAnany received 
$16.00 per month while working for the Indians and Mrs. Daugherty 
each month, would hand him the exact amount tied up in a sack. This 
he gave back to her to keep for him, and when she died he had about 
$200 of his money put away in the sacks that he had saved. After 
she died he worked for a Air. Wilkerson & Knapp, who kept a gen- 
eral store, groceries, dry goods, boots, shoes, etc. fie worked for them 
until Air. Wilkerson was killed by the Indians. There were eight to ten 
saloons there at this time and Wilkerson with others had been drinkins 
and one of the Indians who was also drunk killed him. Wilkerson did 
not sell whiskey. Air. McAnany could speak the Shawnee language 
and was an interpreter at one time. Asked in regard to their songs, 
if any, he said there was no sense or words, really, to them. The only 
musical instrument, if it should be called musical, was a sort of drum. 
made by stretching a hide over a hoop, which was struck with the 
hands or sticks. The Shawnees were educated too highly to indulge in 
the dances that many of the other tribes were accustomed to efive, vet 
there was some sort of chants, given at times, which he could not inter- 
pret. Mr. McAnany was on several hunting trips out West, near Junc- 
tion City, with the Indians, and he said meat of most any kind was wel- 
come, even to prairie dogs and skunks, the latter tasting excellent to a 
half-famished man. Sail he: "When you get hungry you can eat any- 
thing." He says he has seen buffalo wallows so deep that if filled with 
water, would drown a man. They were made by the buffaloes using their 
horns and pawing the dust until they made a nice bed in which to wal- 
low, which desire was no doubt caused by an itching of the skin. The 
buffalo meat was smoked and dried, no salt being used. It made little 
difference, said Air. McAnany, if a few bugs or crawlers did get into it. 
and "Eggs," said he, "I never could like eggs the way the Indians ate 
them. The fact that the chick had begun to form did not keep the Indian 
from using the balance of this great delicacy. They simply threw the 
chick away and used the balance of the egg, and seemed to prefer their 
eggs in that condition." 

Mr. McAnany saw the real thing in war service and carries the proof 
with him. He doesn't have to go to the records to convince one that 
he "fit some." "Just feel here" he said, as he put his finger on the upper 
part of his left cheek bone. "That is a bullet and its been there since the 
battle of Wilson Creek. The doctors said they did not dare remove 
it for fear it would never heal and here in my left ear I received another 
one, shot from a hot musket and the head of the bullet buried itself, 
leaving a part sticking out as the bullet seemed to be partly melted. 
And the buckle on my cartridge box saved me from being bored through. 
A bullet struck with force enough to have killed, but that buckle saved 


my life." It was a warm fight and some of the Union soldiers had to 
lay on their backs and load, then roll over to shoot, while they used 
rocks for protection. Mr. McAnany was taken prisoner and afterwards 
exchanged and ordered sent to Leavenworth hospital. On the way there 
he, and three others, stayed all night about half way between Ft. Scott 
and Kansas City, and intended to leave by the stage next morning. 
The hotel keeper was a Union man and knew of a plot to kill them the 
next day as they left on the stage, so told them to slip quietly out at 
a signal he would give them during the night, and he would have a 
conveyance near and take them to Westport. They were ready when 
the signal came and thus their lives were saved. From Westport they 
went to Leavenworth by boat. Mr. and Mrs. McAnany live on their 148- 
acre farm in a stone house, one part of which was built by Fred 
before the war. The road to Olathe in the early days was not hard to 
find. "J lls t go south one-half mile and twelve miles straight across the 
prairie" was the direction given. A fine spring was on the road, near 
Lenexa, Kan., where early-day campers found plenty of good water 
for their teams. A house stood near this spring in 1862, and the next 
and the only other house on the road was Mahaffie's big stone house. 


Of course Shawnee being so close to the Missouri line, could not 
escape the terrors of the border warfare, and on October 17, 1862, Quan- 
trill, with about 140 men, surrounded the town and corraled the resi- 
dents in the square. A Mr. Styles and Bicker were murdered in the 
streets, and all the stores in town looted and the buildings set on 
fire. The Higgins Hotel, the largest house in town, was burned, and 
thirteen other buildings. 

No one but those who saw the terrible destruction can have the faint- 
est idea of the terror to the residents of the town in the short hour that 
Ouantrill's men were there. Momentarily expecting to be murdered, 
seeing house after house looted, then set on fire, and seeing defenseless 
citizens shot down, the terrors of the hour can never fade from the mem- 
ory of those early pioneers. Yet, strange to say, this happened but six 
weeks after the Olathe outrage of the same character, and practically 
no preparations had been made to protect the town and the invaders came 
without a moment's warning. A few citizens made their escape into the 
woods surrounding the town. J. A. Walker had a large dry goods stock 
and after picking out all they could use, the raiders set fire to the store, 
a plan followed out w t ith all the other business houses in town. Ouan- 
trill's men found two Miami county, Kansas, mien camped at Brown's 
Spring, five miles east of Shawnee. They shot both men, also a boy of 
twelve or fourteen, and took their teams and set their wagons on fire. 
The bodies of the two men and the boy were taken to Olathe the next 
day. The boy was living when discovered, but died on the way to 


I6 5 

One of the men from Miami county was a Mr. Butram and two of his 
wife's brothers were with Quantrill. Mr. Butram had had a quarrel 
with them previous to this time. James Warfield, who lived on the 
Brown farm, was also murdered by this same gang and his body left 
lying' in the road a few hundred yards the other side of the place of the 
killing of Butram and his companions. Warfield had been accused by 
some of the party of being favorable to the Jayhawkers. An Indian 
named Washington was met at the crossing of the Big Blue by Ouan- 
trill's men. The Indian supposed that they were Jayhawkers and when 
asked where he had been, said: "Been over to Missouri to kill Secesh." 
Quantrill told him he certainly did not mean that and the Indian said 
again: "Yes, kill Secesh." They explained the mistake he had made but 


told him they would give him a chance for his life, however, and to run 
for the brush. He did so but got entangled in a grapevine and one of 
the men shot him through the head. A year or more after this, Dr. Bell 
took the skull home as a curiosity, the Indian not having been buried. 
Hundreds of cracks radiated from the hole in the skull as in a pane of 
glass when shot through. 

The following is a list of business firms in Shawnee: 

Shawnee State Savings Bank; J. H. Hurd, general store, William Gar- 
rett & Son, general store ; Patti Brothers, dry goods and notions ; G. Gey- 


sels, harness and hardware; W. H. Heaton, druggist; H. Caswell, bar- 
ber; Mrs. E. L. Sautter, groceries; W. F. Blanton, machinery; B. Young, 
cafe and cold drinks; B. F. Hollenback, postmaster; Dr. W. O. Quiring, 


Lenexa is a pretty little town, located on the Frisco and Strang Line 
railroads seven miles northeast of Olathe, in a fine farming country, and 
is destined soon to be a city of nice residences owing to its close prox- 
imity to Kansas City. It has service every hour to Kansas City over 
the Strang Line at the present time. 

Its population is about 450, and each year shows a steady growth. 

The railroad bought the townsite in 1869 of C. A. Bradshaw and laid 
out the town, and sold a number of lots to different parties, among them 
D. Brickly and C. M. Bower. The first store in town was opened by 
Lee Freeman in 1869; the second by Dr. Bower in 1870; the third by 
Rush and Gintner. 

H. D. Gillette moved to Lenexa in 1870, and started the first black- 
smith shop. Mr. Gillette is still living in Lenexa. He sold his prop- 
erty in 1875 and went to California but returned to Lenexa and engaged 
in business again, and concluded to stay. He has never regretted it and 
has a nice home now in which to spend his declining years. When Air. 
Gillette built his first shop in 1870, he used green cottonwood lumber, 
and when the summer's sun poured out its rays of heat on that shop 
the boards cupped till they looked like big troughs. Mr. Gillette does 
not recommend green cottonwood lumber for building purposes. 

Among the early settlers were Joseph Rush and Edwin Bradshaw. 

David Huff moved here in 1871. The postoffice was established in 
1870. The first birth in town was that of Willis Bower January 19, 
1869. The first marriage was that of John Bower to Miss Mary Brad- 
shaw in 1873, and the first death that of George Bower, the same year. 
The Methodist church was built in 1878, at a cost of $1,200. They have 
fine parsonage also, and a strong Sunday school. The finest church in 
the city is the Catholic church, which has a very large membership. The 
Methodist Episcopal church was built in 1878, at a cost of $1,200. The 
Lutherans stand second, having a strong membership and a beautiful 
church. The Methodists organized in 1870, but prior to that held meet- 
ings with others in Sunday school work. 

The Farmers State Bank of Lenexa, organized April 20, 1904, has a 
capital stock of $10,000, and a surplus fund of $5,000, deposits, $105,000. 
President, S. B. Haskins ; vice-president, A. E. Wedd ; cashier, E. H. 
Haskins. Directors, S. B. Haskins, A. E. Wedd, W. P. Haskins, Her- 
man Musch, C. E. Pincomb. 

The city is well represented in all lines of business as follows : 

Farmers State Bank, E. H. Haskins, cashier ; Lenexa Lumber Com- 


pany, W. D. McClure, manager; Louis O. Krtimm, general merchandise; 
Ellis & Schwald, general merchandise; Mrs. Fanny Lisk, general mer- 
chandise; E. A. Legler, variety store; D. S. Swartz, blacksmith; R. E. 
Mills, blacksmith; F. J. Spena, garage; J. A. Burnett, drugs; J. Calla- 
phan, blacksmith; T. H. Dent, harness; W. E. Dickerson, barber; Lenexa 
Grain Company, grain and implements; M. R. Elrod, cafe and cold 
drinks; L. E. Newcomer, hotel; R. C. Creeker, hotel; Dr. P. L. Jones, 
physician; Bradshaw Bros. Realty Company, real estate and loans; Miss 
Maude Williams, postmistress. 



The village of Aubry was surveyed and the town company organ- 
ized in March, 1858. The members of the town company were A. 
G. Gabbart, president; Greenbury Trekle, treasurer; W. H. Brady, F. G. 
Franklin, P. J. Ford, and L. M. Smith. Mr. Gabbart named the town 
Aubry after the famous traveler (Mexican we believe) of that name. 
Mr. George Cass, a batchelor, who was afterwards a member of the town 
company, traded his interest in the burgh for a slave negro woman. 

The first township election was held May 22, 1858, when Mr. Brady 
was elected chairman of the board of supervisors. Burton Olny, treas- 
urer, and W. W. Rice, clerk. Also Gabbart, Snyder, Gamble and Trekle 
were elected justices of the peace. 


At that time the chairman of the board of supervisors was also a 
member of the board of county commissioners, Mr. Brady acting in that 
capacity to represent Aubry township. Also the township treasurer 
collected the taxes, and the clerk assessed the township. The first 
school district, now No. 8, embracing the town of Aubry, was organized 
in the summer of 1858. A frame building 20x24 was built and Sylvester 
Mann taught the first school. 

The first sermon was preached at the house of A. J. Gabbart in Feb- 
ruary, 1858, by Rev. Duval, a minister of the Methodist church. 
North. The first church was organized in May, 1859, by Rev. A. Clark 
of the Christian denomination. Samuel Medell and Miss Nancy Mid- 
dleton were the first couple married, Justice Gabbart tying the knot in 
September, 1858. The first birth was their daughter, being born the 
next year. 

A son of A. Purdy died in the spring of 1859, the first death in the 

The township was gradually settled and improved, generally, by an 
excellent class of people, and peace and harmony prevailed v 

With the commencement of the national difficulties, rural quiet and 
peace came to an abrupt end. Located on the border of Missouri — the 
worst part of Missouri too where the adherents of rebellion were most 
numerous and rampant — the township was most unfortunately situated. 
With the outbreak of the war, most of the citizens left and joined the 
armies. A number of the best citizens decided to remain, hoping to 
escape molestation by adopting a peaceful policy. Some few were in 
sympathy with the Union cause' and the rest, who were principally for- 
mer residents of Missouri, inclined to pray for the success of the rebel- 
lion. It was equally unsafe to express an opinion on either side. 

One of the most outspoken Union sympathizers was Dr. S. B. Bell. 
The first raid by the rebels in the town was made some time in 1862. 
A gang of men who were supposed to belong to the Cassidy band came 
in the night and surrounded Dr. Bell's house. The latter, by this time 
had learned of the feeling against him across the line, and hearing some 
noise in the yard, sprang out of bed and found his house surrounded 
by armed men. He dashed out of the door and by dodging among 
their horses managed to reach a cornfield near by. The bushwhackers 
fired at him a number of times, but as soon as he reached the shelter 
of the standing corn they gave up the chase. 

From Dr. Bell's place they went to Jackson Gabbart, another Union 
man. Mr. Gabbart was away from home and again the raiders were 
balked. A gun was accidentally discharged by one of the band which 
shot off the hand of a young man named Sublette, a member of their 
own party. This mishap caused them to immediately return to Mis- 
souri without doing any damage. It was afterwards ascertained that 


the expedition was undertaken for the purpose of murdering Bell and 

The second inroad was by Quantrill, who passed through with his 
men on their way to Missouri, after they had plundered Olathe. They 
found a deserted town, howeYer, as Black Bob, the chief of his band of 
Shawnees, came in ahead of them, and notified the citizens of their ap- 
proach. The bushwhackers finding no Unionists to capture, contented 
themselves with robbing Dr. Bell's store of all goods of value and soon 

This threatening aspect of affairs caused the commander of the dis- 
trict to station Company D, Eleventh regiment, Kansas infantry, there. 
With this company was Dick Rooks, commissioned as a lieutenant, who 
afterwards gained some notoriety as a "Red-Leg." 

A few miles northeast of Aubry lived old "Uncle Billy" Bryant, who- 
was one of the most uncomprising secessionists of the locality. He 
was too old to go into the Southern army himself, but had two or three 
boys who were among the first to join the Confederate cause. He had 
been a soldier in the War of 1812, and the sounds of the approaching 
contest aroused all the martial ardor of his youthful days. 

One day Rooks scouted around the country with fifteen or twenty 
soldiers on foot. Thev arrived in the vicinity of Bryant's farm, and 
happened to meet the old gentleman in the road, carrying a gun, and in 
company with a neighbor named Wilson. Rooks ordered Bryant to sur- 
render. In reply Bryant took deliberate aim and fired at the soldiers, 
and immediately commenced reloading. They later returned the fire 
and shot the old man dead. Taking Wilson, who was unarmed, they 
started to Aubry. When near the town, Wilson grumbled at having to 
walk, at which a wild Irishman named "Nick," well known in Olathe in 
those days, stepped up behind him and shot him dead. 

The ill feeling on the border between the two factions had been in- 
creasing day by day, and the acts just spoken of brought matters to the 
culminating point. From that time on Aubry was a battle ground. 

After the death of Bryant his family went away and left the farm 
unoccupied. Among the property they left in their hasty removal were 
several fine hives of bees. Early in the spring five men started to get 
the honey one night, stating to their families that they would be back 
early. From that time to this they have never been seen or heard of, 
and even the place where their bones lie is unknown. Early in the 
evening the citizens heard some shots fired in the direction the men had 
gone. About sunrise the next morning Quantrill came into town in- 
tending to take the place by surprise and capture the people. 

Dr. Bell, one of the first to discover their approach, ran across the 
fields, hoping to reach a ravine and hide before they could overtake him. 
A burly ruffian saw him and started in pursuit. After firing several futile 
shots, he attempted to beat the unfortunate prisoner's brains out with 


his revolver. Bell managed to ward off the blows enough to keep his 
skull from being crushed but his face and arms were badly cut and 
mangled. Soon a comrade rode up and interfered saying: "Wait and 
see whether he needs killing or not." As the bushwhackers had sev- 
eral friends residing in the place and Bell was completely disguised by 
the blood that streamed from his numerous wounds, this advice appeared 
timely, and Bell was taken back and put under guard with other cap- 

Two or three months previous to this time it had been a fact, pretty 
well known, that several of the Union men residing in the place had 
formed some connection with the "Redlegs," who were making it lively 
for the rebel citizens. The main purpose of this expedition was to cap- 
ture these parties. They proceeded to Trekle's house and in addition 
to Trekle, Cody, Tullis, and Whitaker, who lived there, and four 
• strangers were there who had stopped to stay over night. 

The Union men saw the bushwhackers approaching, and fired a volley 
at them, from the window. Then with a want of wisdom that can 
scarcely be accounted for, they abandoned the house and attempted to 
seek safety in flight. Trekle and Whitaker after running a short dis- 
tance turned and attempted to fight. Some twenty men were after them, 
and in an instant Trekle and Whitaker were riddled with bullets. Tul- 
lis, who ran in another direction, was shot in the eye and killed. John 
Cody, while running, fell behind a clump of weeds, and his pursuers ran 
past without seeing him ; he remained there until tiiey were gone, and 
escaped unharmed. A man named Ellis was shot while in the house, 
but afterwards recovered, and several others were wounded. After the 
fiVht was over, Ouantrill had Dr. Bell attend to the wounded which he 
did though suffering badly from his own wounds. Wnile they were 
in town the wives of the five men who had gone out the night before 
went to Ouantrill, and besought him to tell where their husbands were. 
He would give them no satisfaction, saying they had attended to them, 
properly. All search for them was fruitless. 

Trekle had a large house and considerable property. His widow re- 
mained there for some time, when in another raid, she was stripped of 
the balance of her personal property, when she went to Iowa with her 
four children and remained there till the close of the war, when she re- 
turned to Aubry where she became insane, and was sent back to Iowa. 
Whitaker left a large family, who went to Ohio to relatives. 

Cody had received warning enough to have caused him to seek some 
more favorable locality, but with the fearlessness that characterized the 
man he remained. In about a year after his narrow escape while en- 
rolled in the militia he was ordered to report for guard duty. It was 
never supposed that he ever intended to evade the'order, but instead of 
going immediately he took his horses to be shod. The major on learn- 
ing this sent two soldiers to bring him to headquarters. These soldiers 


I 7 I 

were Bill Nichols and Van Osdell, former bushwhackers who had been 
captured a short time and in preference to the chances of hanging or 
prison had enlisted in the United States service. It was while the "len- 
ient policy" was in vogue, when it was thought that all that was neces- 
sary to reform a bushwhacker was to administer the oath of allegiance, 
give him a good horse, uniform, and arm him. It worked well, with 
the slight drawback that in a course of a week or two the repentent sin- 
ners, almost invariably, disappeared with horse, arms and equipment. 

These two fellows were among the worst of their class. They found 
Cody at the shop. Two shots were fired and on going to the shop, citi- 
zens found Cody with his brains blown out. The fellows reported that 
Cody resisted them and would not obey orders. The same night they 
took their horses and arms and deserted, going back to the brush. 
Cody's death only added another to the long list of foul murders that 
marked the border troubles. 


The next raid of note was on the last day of January, 1864, by Dan 
Vaughn, a leader second onlv to Ouantrill anion"- the bushwhackers. 
On that day a traveler named Norman Sampson stopped at Dr. Bell's to 
get his dinner and horses fed. He lived in Linn county, and was from 
Wisconsin, originally, serving, we believe, during a part of the war as a 
soldier in one of the regiments of that State. After staying about an 
hour, he started to Kansas City. Two miles north of Aubry, he fell in 
with Vaughn, who had ten men with him. They pretended to be Union 
soldiers. Sampson rode some distance with them, and to their inquiries. 
stated that he had served in the Union army, at the same time mention- 
ing in rather a boasting manner, some of the bloody work he had par- 
ticipated in while fighting the rebels. That was enough and sealed his 
fate. He was found dead the next day with two or three bullet holes in 
his body. 


After murdering Sampson, they came to Aubry, and stopped at Bell's 
store, still pretending- to be Union soldiers. After making a few in- 
quiries, they threw off the masks, arrested Bell and setting a guard over 
him, proceeded to rob the store. As soon as the goods they desired were 
taken out, the building, store and dwelling, were fired and burned to the 

While a part of the band engaged in this work, they informed 
the Doctor that if he would give them $1,000 they would release 
him — otherwise he would be hanged. He told them he had no 
money, and they then, cooly, procured a rope, and making him mount 
the horse they had taken from the unfortunate Sampson, started towards 
Missouri, promising to attend to the hanging at the first convenient place 
on the road. 

For the first time, the Doctor gave ud all hope, for he knew the merci- 
less nature of his captors. As he rode along he realized all the horrors 
of a violent death. In the full flush of manhood, he looked at the familiar 
prairies, calm and peaceful in the bright sunlight, and thought they had 
never appeared so fair and lovely. He thought of his family, and his 
soul was wrung- with agony as their helpless future loomed up before 
him. Life never appeared so desirable nor so hard to relinquish as then. 
In fact, only those who haA^e been similarly situated can fully realize his 
feelings. He was not reassured in the least by the act of a burly ruffian 
who rode up and grasping the front locks of his hair remarked to a com- 
rade that he intended to have that for an ornament for the head stall of 
his bridle. As they were riding along, one of the gang, behind the Doc- 
tor, rode up to the fence and broke off a large splinter. The latter heard 
the sharp snap and concluded that they had attempted to shoot him, and 
it was the cracking of a cap. He did not dare to look back, but presently 
saw the shadow of one approaching with something in his hand that 
looked much like a bayonet or long knife. He then decided that the pis- 
tol had failed to go off and their intention was to stab him, and he waited 
each- minute to feel the sharp thrust of the blade in his body. The fel- 
low with the splinter, however, rode up and struck the horse the Doctor 
was riding, causing it to perform a lively circus movement. They all 
laughed heartily and the Doctor's gloom vanished. He reasoned that 
while they were in this sportive mood they could hardly be contemplat- 
ing a deed of blood. His reasoning was correct for on reaching the end 
of the lane they gruffly told him to go home and attend to his business — 
and he did. He certainly had escaped "out of the jaws of hell." In ad- 
dition to the house and goods, the Doctor lost $225 in money, which was 
burned in the building. 

Previous to Trekle's death, and while the Tayhawkers were making 
his house their headquarters, the Doctor, one night anticipating a raid by 
the bushwhackers, went to the home of his brother-in-law, John Beeson, 
who lived a mile or two out in the country, to stay over night for safety. 


It happened that on the same night a squad of jayliawkers had gone 
down on the Missouri line, and pretending to be bushwhackers, robbed 
several persons who were obnoxious to them. On the way back they 
concluded to stop at Beeson's to look for a certain Jake Mast, a rebel, 
who was supposed to be there. They surrounded the house. Bell in 
bed upstairs was awakened by the noise, and as he awoke he heard some 
one say: "There is a man in there I'm going to have, by God." Suppos- 
ing it was bushwhackers who had discovered his retreat, he sprang out 
of bed, seized his gun and attempted to get out at the back door. As he 
raised the latch some one called out: "Don't open that door or I'll blow 
you to h — 1." Immediately after that a man stepped in and said: "Give 
me that gun." The Doctor, without any ceremony, gave him the con- 
tents, killing him instantly. The sentinels outside, supposing it was 
Mast, fired three shots at Bell, one bullet passing between his hand and 
hip, and the blaze from the gun setting fire to his shirt. The Doctor 
ran out of the door knocking a man down who was standling in his way 
and proceeding to Aubry, gave the alarm that the bushwhackers were 
coming. The next morning he found he had killed a Union man, Isham 
Helm, the leader of the party. Helm was a Missourian, who had been 
compelled to leave that State because of his loyal tendencies, and seek- 
ing shelter in Kansas, had taken up the precarious profession of jay- 
hawker to get even with his enemies. Had the Doctor known they were 
Union men he would not have fought them ; had they known he was the 
Doctor they would not have made the attack. It was a mistake on both 
sides, but it cost a human life. 

Greenbury Trekle's father, an old man of eighty years, lived in Mis- 
souri six miles east of Aubry. At the time of the Quantrill raid on 
Lawrence, the bushwhackers assembled on the creek not far from the 
old man's residence preparatory to starting, and the latter knew that the 
demonstration meant a raid in Kansas, but did not know where they 
intended to strike. Becoming satisfied of their intentions, he walked to 
Aubry and informed the citizens and commandant of the post, of their 
movements. The information was timely enough to have given the 
alarm and saved the city of Lawrence, but the officer in charge treated 
it as an idle story of an old man who wished to create a sensation. Two 
hundred lives paid the penalty for his stupidity or carelessness. The 
object of the old man's visit to Aubry became known and a few weeks 
after Vaughn's men murdered him in cold blood in his home. 


The little town of Stilwell on the Missouri Pacific railroad in Aubry 
township is about one-half mile east of "Old Aubry," but the two 
towns are practically one and have a population of about 300. The 
plat for Mt. Auburn, now Stilwell, was filed November 30, 1886, by 


Michael O'Keefe, J. Larkin, W. A. Kelly and A. J. Norman. The town 
is located on the southeast quarter of section 5, township 15 south, range 
25 east. Grain and stock-raising in this fertile country are profitable 
occupations of the thrifty people living there. 

The town will probably be incorporated as a city this coming year. 
The business men carry excellent lines of merchandise and receive a 
good patronage from the surrounding country. 

The following business concerns are engaged in business at Stilwell : 
M. Wilson, general merchandise ; E. K. Gibson, general merchandise ; 
W. M. Moon, hardware, implements and drugs ; State Bank of Stilwell ; 
Jones Bros., successors to Conboy Bros., who are retiring after twenty 
years of successful business, elevator, grain, coal and implements ; J. T. 
Kissenger, blacksmith and carriage worker ; D. N. Wright, confectionery, 
restaurant and groceries ; Miss Sloan, postmistress ; Dr. M. F. Sloan, phy- 
sician and drugs ; A. P. Conboy & Son, general merchandise ; Stilwell 
Lumber Company, Mr. Berg, manager; A. B. Hiatt, livery, feed and 
sales barn; A. B. AA^itherspoon, barber; Ira Baker, garage and jitney; 
Fred Smith, carpenter and builder; Dr. M. W. Rogers, physician and 
surgeon ; Fred Collins, blacksmith and wagon maker ; L. Whitsett, gas 
and plumbing. 

The State Bank of Stilwell has a capital stock of $12,500, surplus, $6,- 
250. Michael Kelly is its president and P. K. Hendrix is cashier. 

Its directors are: W. M. Moore, L. N. O'Keefe, E. K. Gibson, J. AW 
Adams, Thomas Hudson, Gust A. Zimmerman. 


Stanley is situated on the Clinton Branch railroad two miles 
south and eight miles east of Olathe, Kan., in a fertile prairie country 
and the farms around speak well for the thrift of its people, and it has a 
population of 300. It has been built since the building of the railroad 
through Oxford township and is a growing little town as proven by its 
new buildings now in the course of erection. The Methodists, Christians, 
and Presbyterians all have fine churches here and are well supported. 
An excellent school is maintained and the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, Woodmen, Royal Neighbors and Grange, all have strong or- 
ganizations. Another thing that speaks well for the place is that a sum- 
mer Chautauqua has been kept up for several years. 

The town has several good stores, among them Allison & Son's general 
store, a drug store, and Allen's cash store. Hodges Brothers Lumber 
Company has an excellent yard here under the supervision of Ralph Par- 
sley. Stanley's Bank is the pride of the city and was organized Anril 
3, 1905. It has a capital stock of $10,000, a surplus of $5,000, and owns 
its own building. J. H. Schroder is president, W. W. Frye, vice-presi- 
dent, T. L. Kellog, cashier. The directors are, J. H. Schroder, W. AW 


Frye, Robert Baker, J. T. Kincaid, R. M. Donham, J. T. Hudson, George 

Stanley, Kan., is located in the Black Bob district, and the settlers, 
after years of suspense in getting- titles to their land, at last were per- 
mitted to buy their homes at an average price of $10 per acre. If Black 
Bob, a real Indian in name and nature, could come back to the place of 
his wanderings here and see the beautiful fields of waving grain under 
the soft rays of the June sun he might be convinced that agriculture is 
better than loafing, but he was not an agriculturist and he didn't like any 
one very much that was. Fishing and hunting suited Black Bob and 
his followers, and they were also great visitors, oftentimes going down 
to the Indian Territory or visiting with the more civilized around Shaw- 

J. H. Hancock located here in 1866 and bought the claim of David 
Hunt. A man by the name of Hudson was a former owner of the claim. 
Mr. Hancock has taken active interest in the Grange work of Johnson 
county, and held the office of overseer in the State Grange at one time. 
Stanley had a newspaper at one time which was published for about six 
months. Mr. Kellog, cashier of the State Bank, was interested in it, 
and was its editor. The Stanley "Review" was the name of the paper, 
and it was printed in Kansas City, Mo., by a firm that got out patents 
for several country weeklies. The cashier of the concern at Kansas 
City vamoosed one day leaving them stranded, and Mr. Kellog made ar- 
rangements with another concern to fill out the unexpired subscriptions. 
The paper sent out, however, turned out to be an anti-prohibition sheet 
and Mr. Kellog notified them to cease sending them out to his sub- 
scribers. The "Review" had about 300 subscribers at the time it sus- 

Sherman Kellogg, one of the interesting and historical characters of 
Stanley, was born in Sherman, Vt., April 5, 1833. Fie says he is related 
to all the Kelloggs in this country. He came to Atchinson in 1864 and to 
Johnson county in 1867, locating about one-fourth mile north of Stanley. 
Mr. Kellogg has been a notary public and justice of the peace almost 
the entire time since he came here, and often took depositions of the 
Indians that lived here when he came. There was considerable of this 
work to do in the early days. Mr. Kellogg knew old man Gill, a wealthy 
Southerner, who lived on a farm adjoining the townsite of Oxford, just 
across the State line from Fittle Santa Fe., Mo. Mr. Gill was a slave 
holder. Oliver Gregg in his Oxford township sketch says : "One of the 
most prominent of the wealthy planters was a man named Gill, who 
owned a fine large farm adjoining Santa Fe. highly improved with first 
class buildings, and well stocked with cattle, horses and slaves. The 
war found him in most prosperous circumstances and surrounded with 
all the appliances for ease and comfort that an ordinary man could de- 
sire. But Mr. Gill was not at all satisfied with his blessings and longed 



to increase them by crushing" the North and establishing slavery on a 
basis that would insure its stability for years to come. Hence he was 
most active of all fiery partisans and soon acquired such prominence as 
to render the locality unsafe for him personally. As these patriots were 
noted for desires, tending to extreme longevity, it was not long till Gill, 
his family, slaves and personal effects were loaded in wagons, and in a 
long procession, with the Confederate flag flying gaily in front, a negro 
boy riding a jackass and trailing the Union flag in the dust in the rear, 
the caravan departed for Texas. It was in this triumphant manner the 
majority of the citizens in that locality went. No more striking con- 
trast could be conceived than their return. At the end of four years' 



vvvv ;-.vk»! iv,;. 

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■'■■ ■ ■' ""''"'■"■ 





war, they straggled back haggled with hardships and cares, impover- 
ished in purse with broken health, and utterly dispirited to find their 
fine dwellings burned or torn down, the magnificent orchard dead from 
neglect or destroyed by vandals, the fences gone and fields a wilderness 
of weeds, only ruin and desolation where once was thrift and pros- 

List of present business firms in Stanley: 

William Allison & Son, general merchandise and postoffice ; S. L. Run- 
ner, drug store ; Stanley Lumber Company, lumber and hardware ; 
Allen's cash grocery, general merchandise ; P. C. Brown & Son, restau- 
rant ; State Bank of Stanley, Percy Kellogg, cashier ; John Meyers, black- 
smith ; John May, blacksmith ; C. W. May, barber ; J. R. Sloan, practic- 
ing physician; J. H. Shrader, banker and farmer; E. O. Callahan, auc- 
tioneer; Kenneth Allison, agent Kansas City "Star" and Olathe "Mirror." 



Merriam, Kan., at first called Campbellton, is a station on the 
Frisco railroad, thirteen miles northeast of Olathe. Merriam Park, a 
short distance south, was in the eighties one of the prettiest spots near 
Kansas City, the delight of those who desired a day's outing. In later 
years the Frisco road neglected it, and it is now a pasture. 

Merriam has a new $20,000 school building, modern throughout, and 
an excellent corps of teachers. The southwest boulevard rock road 
runs through the town and the old Quaker mission, one of the historic 
buildings of Kansas, is still standing, one-half mile east and one-fourth 
south of the depot. A wireless station stands near the mission. Hock- 
er's Grove adjoins Merriam on the west, and is one of the pretty spots 
for which this part of Shawnee township is famous. Pretty bungalows 
line the electric railway that runs from Merriam through this grove to 
Shawnee. J. M. Campbell runs a general store at Merriam, and is one 
of the oldest residents, having located here with his father in 1862. His 
father planted the first orchard of any magnitude, forty acres, near 
Shawnee in an early day. Mr. Campbell was there when Ouantrill 
sacked and destroyed so much property in 1862 and 1864. Mr. Camp- 
bell tells of the fun the Indians had with him once when they found him 
alone on the road. Seeing him coming one of them dropped a handker- 
chief in the road, where he was sure to see it. Then they hid and after 
Campbell had picked it up they surrounded him and accused him of 
stealing it. However, a chance for his life was given him by giving 
him twenty feet the start. He did some tall running with that bunch 
after him, and they failed to catch him. A few years ago Mr. Campbell 
soared to fame, by his expert horseshoe pitching. He and some more 
of the crack pitchers challenged the Stanley pitchers to a game and the 
Kansas City Star wrote it up. Mr. Campbell has two pairs of malleable 
iron shoes molded according to the regulation size and weight and he 
knows how to use them. 

In 1888 Billie Randall, an Indian, owned forty acres, now a part of 
Hocker's Grove at Merriam. One day Milt Parish, of Kansas City, a 
real estate man, offered him $8,000 for the forty. Randall said he would 
take it. Then Mr. Parish said he could pay only $4,000 down, and would 
like to have him take a mortgage for the other half. Mr. Randall drew 
a long breath, and in all seriousness replied : "Well, I will take it but it is 
d — n poor security." Forty acres cornering with this on the southwest 
is the old homestead of Mrs. Randall, a Shawnee woman, and the title 
is still in the Government of the United States. As Mrs. Randall has 
never sold the land she is a ward of Uncle Sam. 


Bonita, Kan., i sa small town, five miles south of Olathe, on the 
Frisco railroad. It was at first named Alta, on account of its 



being the highest point along the road. There being another postoffice 
in the State with the same name, it was changed to Bonita, the Spanish 
word meaning, "beautiful." The name is very appropriate, as the sur- 
rounding country is one of the prettiest scenes to be found on the prairies 
of eastern Kansas. Each year the farms grow fine yields of corn and 
wheat. J. J. Kuhlman has a general store and elevator there and does 
a large business in shipping grain. This country is one of the best grain 
growing districts along the Frisco. 


Population, 61. The little town of Morse, Kan., situated on the 
Clinton Branch railroad, six miles southeast of Olathe, is in the most 
fertile part of Johnson county's rich prairies. It has a population of 
61. Smith Brothers have a general store here and the Morse Grain 
Company operates an elevator, and handles a large amount of grain, 
mostly wheat and corn. The Modern Woodmen of America have 
a strong organization here, and meet in the hall over Smith Broth- 
ers' store. George McCaughey is the oldest settler, having located here 
in 1866. It was then a vast prairie, and some of the Black Bob In- 
dians were living along the creeks. The State Bank of Morse was or- 
ganized June 22, 1910, with a capital stock of $10,000. It has a surplus 
fund of $1,500 and owns its own building. 

Its officers are : J. W. Toynbee, president, J. F. Mitchell, vice-presi- 
dent, James Murdoch, cashier. Directors: J. W. Tonybee, B. F. Hargis, 
J. L. Pettyjohn, G. H. Smith, J. F. Mitchell, H. B. Klopmeyer, H. M. 
Beckett, James Murdock, T. B. Sharp. 


Named after W. A, Ocheltree, one of the town company. Ochel- 
tree is situated on the Frisco railroad, one and one-half miles north 
of Spring Hill, Kan. The territory surrounding this town is as fine for 
agriculture as any part in Johnson county. C. H. Mossman and nephew, 
Harry E. Mossman, conduct a general store here and do a good business. 
Besides the store they handle coal and buy grain, handling over 65,000 
bushels the past season. Mr. Mossman came to this county with his 
father in 1868, who settled four miles east of Ocheltree on a farm. When 
the town of Ocheltree was first established it grew rapidly, having three 
stores, and quite a number of residences, but Spring Hill at first refused 
a depot, because they would not subscribe $1,500 bonus to get the line, 
afterwards got a depot and Ocheltree being so close failed to hold up 
in the trade. The early business concerns were Scott and McElhenny, 
Miller & Thorne Lumber Company, Miller Hotel and the inevitable 


saloon. O. H. and William Tibbetts were also in business here, running 
a general store. 


The town of Monticello was laid out in June, 1857, by the town 
company of which Col. A. Payne was president and W. J. McCar- 
thy secretary. Among those who moved into Monticello that year were 
C.'Brassfield, A. J. Cordray, M. and F. P. Shannon and J. M. Reed. Mr. 
Reed to show his faith in the town, built a large hotel which was burned 
in 1862. The first store was opened in 1857, by Rich & Rively. A school 
was opened in 1865, a school house was built and school held there that 
year. In 1880 a Methodist church 40x50 was built, one and one-half 
miles southwest of town, at a cost of $2,000. 

A tornado visited the town in 1858 and destroyed many of the build- 
ings, but the people soon rebuilt, and at one time the town had the am- 
bition to be the county seat, but its location being too far from the cen- 
ter of the county it failed to be selected. At the presen time there are 
several residences and a good store. It is nine miles north of Olathe. 

Back in 1866, after the war had closed, the pro-slavery and Free State 
men of Monticello township had a little party all their own. During 
the war and before many horses were stolen. The owners were killed, 
if necessary, for being, "Free State" or "pro-slavery" men, it didn't mat- 
ter which, to the fellows who followed this business. 

Isaac Parish, who had married a Shawnee woman, had lost three or 
four horses ; Uncle Joe Kenton had lost two ; Lorenzo Greening two, and 
a good many other men living near had lost from one to two at a time 
by this roving band of thieves in 1865. 

John Wilson, now living at Craig in Monticello township, remembers 
the circumstances well. His father came to Olathe in 1862, and bought 
a place in Monticello, in 1864, and in 1865 moved there. John was four- 
teen years of age at that time. Benton Ingraham, Preston Deen, and 
Newton Wicher, went to Douglas county and arrested Peter Bassinger, 
and returned with him to Monticello. While he was in charge of W. S. 
Ingraham and Preston Deen, constables, a number of men who had 
suffered loss at the hands of Bassinger and his gang, took him from the 
officers, and making a scaffold of rails, using three as a tripod tied to- 
gether at the top, and a fourth as a lever, swung him from the ground. 
The hanging took place about a mile south of Monticello. Mr. Wilson 
saw Bassinger the morning after the hanging, before he was cut clown. 
One foot touched the earth at this time and the other was drawn up. 
The men who did the hanging are now all dead. Among them were Ike 
Parish, John Kenton, Barney Evans, Newton Wicher, Benton Ingraham, 
Tom Self, Lorenzo Green and Sam Garre. A number of these men were 
arrested, and the county attorney refused to let them out on bond, but 


Judge A. S. Deviney went to Topeka, brought their case before the gov- 
ernor and they were permitted to give bond which they did, but none of 
them were ever tried. 

The first wedding in Monticello township occurred prior to the war. 
Major Hadley had been elected justice of the peace for Monticello town- 
ship. One day George Walker called on him and told him the neigh- 
bors were coming in that evening for a social time, and for Mr. Hadley 
to be sure to be there. Mr. Hadley was there, not knowing exactly what 
part he might have to play in the evening's entertainment. On arrival 
there a Mr. J. W. McDaniel entered with Miss Mattie Walker, his sweet- 
heart, and McDaniel handed him a marriage license and requested him to 
perform the ceremony immediately. Mr. Hadley was an unmarried 
man and had never seen a marriage ceremony performed, and had no 
idea of what a real marriage ceremony consisted. In speaking of the 
incident afterward Mr. Hadley said : "I don't know what I said. I never 
will know what I said but I said something, and I sometimes doubt the 
legality of that union." Uncle Thomas Stephenson, who lived in Monti- 
cello for forty years or more, says that Major Hadley wound up the 
ceremony by saying, "And may the Lord have mercy on your soul." But 
as Mr. Stephenson is somewhat of a practical joker this latter statement 
must be taken with a grain of allowance. 


Wlider is in the northern part of Monticello township, on the Santa 
Fe railroad, about one mile from the Kansas river. This town 
and Frisbie station, two and one-half miles south, are in the potato belt 
and many carloads of potatoes are shipped from here every year. Wil- 
der takes its names from E. Wilder, who was formerly with the Santa 
Fe railroad. The first settler was Simon Walters, who located there in 
1877. A postoffice was established there the same year with L. S. 
Hayes postmaster. 


The little town of Kenneth is situated at the crossing of the Clinton 
Branch and Missouri Pacific railways almost on the Missouri line, a 
little over three miles east of Stanley. Clyde Clark has a general 
store here. 

Choteau is a little station on the Santa Fe twelve miles west of 
Kansas City, between Holliday and Wilder, and takes its name from 
the Choteau brothers, who were early pioneers of Johnson county, 
establishing a trading port here in 1827. 

Switzer is a station on the Frisco twelve miles north of Olathe. Large 
quantities of milk are shipped from this place to Kansas City, Mo. 

Lackman, three miles north of Olathe, is a station on the Frisco. 


Craig is a station on the Santa Fe, seven miles north of Olathe. 

Zarah is located ten miles north of Olathe, on the Santa Fe railroad 
and Harry King has a general store there and does an extensive business. 

Holliday is located in the north part of Monticello township, at the 
Junction of the two lines of the Santa Fe railroad. It has a population 
of 175, and several stores. 


This little old town, 

Won its way to renown ; 
And from "stay at home crime," absolution, 

Thirty votes to each man, 
Won the day for the clan, 

And for law and the new constitution. 

Yes, the voters of the town of Oxford, who, by the way, lived, mostly, 
in Little Santa Fe, Mo., just over the line, believed in turning out 
to elections. It wasn't necessary to haul 'em in either ; they voted to a 
man. According to the report there were about forty-two or forty-three 
voters who cast their votes according to law, but Henry Clay Pate, who 
was intrusted with the records, took the list over to Little Santa Fe that 
night, then to Westport the next day, and when the vote for October 5, 
1857, showed up at the office of the secretary of State, Oxford had cast 
1,628 votes. At a later date, December 21, 1857, an election was held on 
the Lecompton constitution, and the Oxford vote was about 1,250. 
Shawnee precinct also had worked up the "stay at home vote," and had 
cast over 700 more votes than they had voters. On January 4, 1858, an 
election was held for the election of officers under the Lecompton con- 
stitution. Oxford precinct showed up with only 696 illegal votes, a big 
slump. On the twenty-ninth day of the same month a census was taken 
ford township, and the precinct showed forty-two legal voters. It had 
been generally supposed that the officials in charge of the ballot boxes 
of Oxford township, and the precinct showed forty-two legal voters. It 
had been generally supposed that the officials in charge of the ballot 
boxes at Oxford were dead, but recent events in Terre Haute, Ind., and 
Kansas City, Mo., prove this to be an error. 

W. T. Quarles, who lives on one of the fine farms of Oxford town- 
ship and whose farm adjoins the townsite of Stanley, on the north, is 
one of the most interesting characters of the county. The experiences 
of early-day life connected with a life of activity in political and business 
affairs give him a prominent place in Johnson county history. Mr. 
Quarles came to Johnson county in 1857. The county then extended 
north to the Kaw river. His father stuck the first stake in Lexington 
township on the Kansas City-Lawrence stage road. While living there 
the first summer an Indian murder occurred. Mr. Quarles happened 

1 82 


along the road a short time after the killing and saw two dead Indians 
and another crippled one by the road side. "Who did this?" asked Mr. 
Quarles of the crippled Indian. ''Black Fish velly bady man," was the 
answer. "He kill Tom Bigyknife, he breaky my back then kill himself." 
Black Fish was a bad Indian, and had shot Big Knife. The other In- 
dian interfering in some way was struck with the gun, and then putting 
the butt end of the double barrel shot gun against a tree, with his foot 
he discharged the other barrel, killing himself instantly. This saved 
the other Indians from hanging Black Fish as they followed the divine 
injunction, "an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth." 

Mr. Quarles came to Oxford township, where he now lives, in 1868, 
and settled on the Black Bob lands. In the early days of '60 Mr. Quarles 


hauled hay to Kansas City stacked loose on the hay rack, and, said Mr. 
Quarles: "I don't know what we would have done if it had not been 
for the prairie grass. The Kansas City market being only a day's drive 
gave us an opportunity to sell what we had at a living profit, and prairie 
hay was always in good demand there. We got 40 cts to $1.25 per 
hundred." Mr. Quarles bought his housekeeping outfit from Hadley 
& Phillips, of Olathe, and with a twinkle in his eye and a smile said : 
"I bought them on credit too." 

Mr. Quarles knew the Turpiri family quite well, that ran the Olathe 
House in 1861, when C. R. Jennison called at daybreak to rid the town 
of Southern sympathizers. Colonel Jennison, famous as a Jayhawker in 
the troubles of 1856, raised a company of men at Leavenworth, and took 


them to Wyandotte to have them enlisted, with himself as captain. For 
some reason they were not taken in and Mr. Jennison was very much 
disappointed. He had something he wanted to do at Olathe by author- 
ity of law, if possible, but if not legally, he intended to do it otherwise, 
and with his men he came to Olathe and arrested L. S. Cornwell, and his 
partner, Drake, his son-in-law. Judge Campbell and the Turpin family, 
all from the Southern states and with Southern sympathies. As Jennison 
was acting without authority of law, Mr. Cornwell protested against the 
arrest as an outrage, at which Jennison struck him in the face with a 
pistol. The prisoners were searched and their weapons taken away 
from them and confiscated. After being held under arrest for three or 
four hours they were sworn not to take up arms against the Govern- 
ment and released. An ex-stage driver by the name of Cleveland, who 
had the reputation of being a "horse-operator and confiscationist," and 
the afterwards famous James G. Blunt were acting as lieutenants under 
Jennison. Over in Oxford township a German doctor lived, by the name 
of Schaerff, and on the way to Olathe Jennison called on him to straigh- 
ten out his political views and made him take an oath of loyalty to the 
Government. The doctor claimed that Jennison robbed him of a gold 
watch and other valuables, but as his reputation for veracity was not 
of the best the neighbors generally doubted his word. This act of Jen- 
nison's at Olathe, no doubt had something to do with Quantrill's coming 
to Olathe, for the Turpins were strong Southerners, and were not afraid 
to say what the}' though in regard to the political questions of the day. 
Turpins ran the Olathe House, on the west side of the square, and oc- 
casionallv the Red Le^rs visited them and stole stuff from them, at one 
time a pair of wool blankets that Mrs. Turpin thought a great deal of, as 
she had spun the wool and done the weaving. 

(Gregg's History gives the following concerning the Turpin family.) 
"The Turpin family consisted of the old gentleman, his wife, three 
sons and a daughter. The daughter married Mack Smith, and Smith 
made a living by selling whisky, in 1857, and belonged to the middle 
class of the South. They were proud of their Southern origin and hated 
the Yankees with a genuine honest hatred and their espousal of the 
Southern cause was most decided and emphatic. Turpin, the nominal 
head of the family, was an easy going, mild old fellow, who looked upon 
the national conflict as a rather trivial affair when compared with the 
domestic conflicts of frequent occurrence in his own house. His spouse, 
the real head, was a character. A large muscular woman with a snap- 
ping black eye and tongue of a thousand horsepower, fond of a glass of 
whisky (and they sold it at the hotel too), a horse race, a game of 'draw' 
and occasionally a knock down, she was a woman that very few of the 
Yankee persuasion cared to contradict when national complications were 
discussed. Few people went away from that hotel without a pretty 
comprehensive knowledge of the political views entertained there. The 


boys were young men, and better than might have been expected, tak- 
ing the maternal training into consideration." 

Soon after Jennison's visit the oldest son of the Turpins joined the 
Confederate army, in southwest Missouri. He never came back and it 
is supposed he died, or was killed, about the close of the war. 

Cliff, the younger of the boys, was the "son of his mother," found the 
companionship of the Quantrill gang suited to his taste, and joined 
them. He was with Quantrill at the Olathe raid, and although the bal- 
ance of the town was looted, the Olathe Hotel ran by the Turpins was 
undisturbed. Ouantrill and a part of his men dined at the hotel while 
the men of the town were corralled in the square. Mrs. Turpin, the day 
before the raid, went to Missouri on horseback, and returned the eve- 
ning of the raid, and it was supposed she had been instrumental in giv- 
ing Ouantrill the necessary tips that made the surprise and plundering 
of the town so easy. How Cliff Turpin got his arms, necessary to join 
Quantrill, is told by Mr. Quarles. A drunken soldier was asleep 
in Westport one night, and Cliff quietly stole his gun from him, cocked 
it, and backed off ready to shoot if the soldier made a move. Fortu- 
nately for the soldier, however, he was too drunk to be awakened by 
a little thing like that and he only lost his gun. 

Mr. Quarles was instrumental in organizing a company of thirty men 
to drill for gas at Stanley. Four wells were drilled and gas found in 
each one, and in one of these considerable oil was found. Gas was 
struck at a depth of 600 feet, and the residents of Stanley use gas now 
for both cooking and heating. 

Mr. Quarles has always taken an active interest in politics and is a 
man of strong character, and rare executive ability. He is fearless in 
fighting for a principle that he believes is right, and is fair with those 
who may oppose him. He was chief of police in Kansas City, Kan., 
during- both the Leedy and Lewelling administrations in Kansas, and 
proved himself thoroughly capable and worthy. 




























Free State and Pro-Slavery Conflict — Johnson County in the Civil War 
— Maj. J. T. Hadley Promoted — Lieutenant Pellett Recruits a Com- 
pany — Colonel Hayes Wounded — General Order No. n — Battle of 
Westport — Beginning of QuantriU's Band — When Quantrill Raided 
Olathe — Quantrill Passed through Johnson County on Way to Law- 
rence — Spring Hill Looted — The Red Legs — Battle of Bull Creek — 
Battle of "Blowhard" — War-time Clippings from the "Olathe Mir- 
ror" — Grand Army of the Republic. 


Owing to the close proximity of Johnson county to Missouri more 
than its share of disaster and distress arising from early political dif- 
ferences fell to the lot of the early settlers of this county. The fact 
is, the war began in this section in the fifties and ended sometime after 
the surrender of General Lee, and this country was blighted by about 
ten years of war, instead of four, which fell to the lot of the country, 

From the beginning Johnson county was the scene of many conflicts 
between the Free-State and pro-slavery parties. The first ones were 
slight and unimportant owing to the fact the land was not open to set- 
tlement and the few early residents were practically of one mind. As 
the controversy waxed more intense, the conflicts became more cruel 
and insolent. The elections held were farces and for the greater part 
were managed by pro-slavery men. The methods used are evidenced by 
the election of October 5, 1857, for the members of the legislature. The 
continuous interference of Missouri border ruffians in Kansas affairs on 
the eastern tier of counties aroused the greatest feeling of animosity 
among the Free-State men which resulted in the border wars of varying 
degrees of importance. A battle growing out of politics was that called 
by some "the first battle of Bull Run," because it was fought on Bull 
creek, in the year 1858, when General Lane, commander of the Free-State 
men, met the pro-slavery forces of General Reid. A few shots were 
exchanged and Reid retreated into Missouri. No blood was shed. 

On September 6, 1862, Quantrill made his well known raid upon 
Olathe, which was in a defenseless condition. With a band of about 
140 men he entered the town, invaded and plundered houses and stores, 
and corralled the citizens in the public square. Hiram Blanchard, of 
Spring Hill, Philip Wiggins and Josiah Skinner were killed in an effort 
to protect property. 



In Johnson county 500 men were enrolled in the Thirteenth regiment, 
of which Thomas M. Bowen was commissioned colonel; J. B. Wheeler, 
lieutenant-colonel; William Roy, adjutant, and during the four years of 
war Johnson county furnished its full share of soldiers. In about three 
weeks after the first call for troops, a company of fifty men enlisted and 
organized with S. F. Hill, captain. This company was assigned to the 
Second Kansas infantry as Company C. Upon the second call for vol- 
unteers a second company was organized with J. E. Hayes as captain. 
For some time this company belonged to the Fourth regiment. Nearly 
an entire company was raised in the county for the Eighth Kansas in- 
fantry, and was assigned as Company F of that regiment, with J. M. 
Hadley as second lieutenant. In the late summer of 1862, William Pellet, 
of Olathe, was commissioned to raise another company of infantry. As 
Company H of the Twelfth regiment it performed garrison duty at 
Forts Leavenworth, Riley and Larned. Also for the Twelfth regiment 
a company was raised in the vicinity of Gardner and Spring Hill, with 
John T. Gorden as captain. After the Lawrence massacre, the Fifteenth 
regiment of cavalry was raised. Johnson county furnished one entire 
company. The regiment distinguished itself in 1864, fighting General 
Price's army on its notorious raid. 

The second regiment, which had served three months as infantry in 
1861, was re-organized during the winter as cavalry, and enlisted for 
three years. Johnson county furnished part of one company and two 
officers. Pat. Cosgrove, ex-sheriff, was commissioned first lieutenant of 
Company G, and G. M. Waugh, ex-county attorney, second lieutenant. 
In the spring the "New Mexico Expedition" was fitted out, the Second 
Kansas regiment being one of the regiments designated to form it, but 
subsequent events caused a change of program. 

After operating on the Kansas border for some time, the regiment 
was united with General Blunt in his western Arkansas campaign and 
took part in the series of terrific battles, including Prairie Grove, Cane 
Hill, Old Fort Wayne and Van Buren, which resulted in the permanent 
establishment of the Union cause in Arkansas. During the balance of 
their term of enlistment they were stationed generally at Springfield and 
Fort Smith, operating against the guerillas that infested that portion of 
the country. 

In May, 1864, Pat. Cosgrove was promoted to the captaincy of Com- 
pany L, and Joseph Hutchinson, of Olathe, his former quarter master 
sergeant commissioned first lieutenant. Before the close of the war 
Lieutenant Waugh was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the Second 
regiment, Arkansas infantry, and served in that capacity till the disband- 
ing of the volunteer forces. 


The regiment gained great distinction during its term of service, and 
to this dav the members are proud of the fact that they once belonged to 
the "Old 'Second." 

Johnson county also furnished its quota to the Eighth regiment of 
Kansas infantry, which was organized in the fall of 1861. Nearly one 
entire company was raised at Monticello, Shawnee, Olathe and othei 
parts of the county. 

It was mustered in, we believe, as a part of Company L, but was. 
afterwards assigned as Company F. Milton J. Hadley, of Monticello, 
who enlisted as a private, was commissioned second lieutenant October 
5. During the winter, he was on duty the greater part of the time 
at Ft. Leavenworth, as adjutant of the post, the company remaining at 
Olathe and Gardner, acting as Home Guards. March 15, 1862, Lieuten- 
ant Hadley was promoted to first lieutenant of Company G, Ninth Kan- 
sas cavalry. He was soon after assigned as acting assistant adjutant gen- 
eral for General Ewing, in command of the district, and served in that 
capacity the greater part of the time while ranking as lieutenant. Decem- 
ber 15, 1863, he received another promotion as captain of the same com- 
pany, but still served as adjutant general. In March, 1864, he joined his 
company at Lawrence, and was soon after ordered to Ft. Smith, Ark. 
While there he filled the office of assistant adjutant general of the cav- 
alry brigade, Fourth division, Seventh army corps. After two months' 
service at Ft. Smith they were relieved from that division and ordered to 
Little Rock, Ark. Remaining there till November they were ordered to 
Duval's Bluff, where they remained till their term of service expired. 
Captain Hadley was promoted major May 15, 1865, and retained that 
rank during the balance of his term of service. While at Duval's Bluff he 
was the greater part of the time president of court martial. 


J. T. Hadley, of Monticello, who enlisted as a private in Company F, 
Eighth Kansas regiment, was discharged May 3. 1863, to accept a com- 
mission as second lieutenant in Company L, Fifth Kansas cavalry. 

Among those who enlisted in this latter company was Colonel Payne, 
of Monticello, who in early days had been a prominent and influential 
member of the pro-slavery party, and had represented Leavenworth 
county in the first Territorial legislature. 

Major Hadley's merits and abilities were recognized in civil life 
as well as in the army, as since the close of the war he was elected suc- 
cessively as county sheriff, and clerk of the district court, filling one or 
the other of the offices almost without intermissipn. During this sum- 
mer the demand for troops became urgent. The Government had en- 
tirely recovered from its diffidence in regard to receiving volunteers 
from Kansas. In fact said volunteers were at a premium, and every 


inducement was held out for enlistment. The demand was nobly re- 
sponded to. With every call, the volunteers flocked in by the score, 
and companies were organized with a rapidity and dispatch unparalleled. 
Johnson county more than maintained its parts in this patriotic move- 
ment. In every regiment, Johnson county citizens could be found, and 
it rarely happened that any regiment was formed without an entire com- 
pany from this part of the State. 


In the latter part of the summer, General Carney commissioned Wil- 
liam Pellett, of Olathe, as recruiting officer, to raise a company for one 
of the three new regiments then being organized. The company was 
speedily enlisted and on the eleventh of August Captain J. W. Parmeter, 
an experienced officer, received a commission as captain, with Mr. Pellett 
as second lieutenant. Before the company was fairly organized for ac- 
tive service the Quantrill raid occurred and the majority of the mem- 
bers taken prisoners and parolled. The guerillas under Quantrill were 
not recognized by the authorities as a legitimate part of the Confederate 
army, nor this parole considered binding, but as a recapture by them 
would insure certain death it was thought advisable not to put our 
company in the field. Accordingly, after being assigned as Company 
II, Twelfth regiment, Kansas infantry, they were ordered to Fort Leav- 
enworth for garrison duty, remaining there till April 15, 1863. They 
were then ordered to Ft. Larned on the plains to relieve a company of 
regulars, and remained there till February, 1865, next to Fort Riley, 
and were mustered out at that post in August of the same year. 

Lieutenant Pellett, in the meantime, had been ordered to Ft. Leaven- 
worth for duty as post adjutant, and remained in that capacity till De- 
cember, 1865. He was then relieved from duty and ordered south with 
the regiment to act as adjutant, filling this office till about the close of 
his term of enlistment. 

In addition to this company, another company was raised in the vi- 
cinity of Gardner and Spring Hill for the same regiment and John T. 
Gordon, of Lanesfield, and James H. Berkshire, of Spring Hill, second 
lieutenant. This company was stationed at Olathe during the following 
winter, and finally ordered to Ft. Smith, where it formed a part of the 
brigade under General Steele. 


Josiah E. Hayes, previously a captain in the Tenth Kansas regiment, 
received the commission as lieutenant colonel of this regiment. The reg- 
iment formed a part of General Steele's command, who started to effect 
a junction and cooperate with General Banks at Shreveport, La. On April 


2, 1864, they met the enemy at Jenkins Ferry in Arkansas, and a heavy 
battle was fought. Early in the engagement a minnie ball struck Col- 
onel Hayes above the knee, inflicting a dangerous wound. He was 
placed under charge of the surgeon who amputated the leg on the field. 
The expedition was an ill-starred one, and the Union forces were com- 
pelled to retreat, leaving the wounded in the enemies' hands. It was 
Colonel Hayes' lot to become a prisoner with the rest. He was taken 
first to Camden, where he remained four months, lying in a precarious 
condition the greater part of the time from the effects of his wound, 
next to Shreveport, where he remained till exchanged, March n, 1865. 
(James H. Berkshire, of Spring Hill, was with Colonel Hayes when he 
was shot. He fixed him as comfortable as possible, put saddlebags under 
his head and left him lying in six inches of water.) 

In this connection we have an instance of the courageous and heroic 
spirit that distinguished our soldiers' wives, during the dark days of 
the rebellion. When Mrs. Hayes heard that the colonel was wounded 
and a prisoner she expressed without hesitation an intention of going to 
him. Her friends remonstrated in the strongest terms and depicted 
the perils and trials of such an undertaking. Unshaken by their argu- 
ments and warnings, with a few hours' preparation she started alone, pro- 
ceeding first to Little Rock, at that time the advance Union post. From 
there she went to the rebel lines under a flag of truce, and receiving per- 
mission to go to her husband, traveled forty miles to Camden, in a wagon, 
with a rebel soldier for a driver. The journey was one that few ladies 
would undertake in times of peace, but she accomplished it safely, and 
remained with the colonel until he was exchanged. 

The Twelfth Kansas regiment was composed of as good a body of 
men as could be found in the Union, but owing to unfortunate circum- 
stances, and through no fault of their own, never had the opportunity 
afforded other regiments, to exhibit their soldierly qualities. 


August 21, 1863, four days after the Lawrence raid General Ewing 
issued his famous general order No. 11, ordering all citizens of Jack- 
son and Cass and Bates, and a part of Vernon counties, Missouri, 
living more than one mile away from the military posts of Harrison, 
Hickman's Mills, Little Santa Fe and Westport to remove to said 
posts, or out of the counties. Such a howl of indignation as went 
up from it was never before heard, and even some of the non- 
a picket guard, keen, watchful and ever ready to give information or 
warnings of danger. The rebels had inaugurated and faithfully carried 
out a similar policy themselves in regard to LJnion citizens early in the 
war, but could see only barbarous tyranny and oppression when applied 
to their side of the question. It was a severe remedy it is true, but Ewing 


had suddenly become impressed with the fact that it was particularly a 
severe disease. In regard to the justice or the expediency of the order, 
opinion will always differ.' No very satisfactory results came from it. 
The country was given up to ruin and desolation, the rebel citizens were 
more bitter and determined than ever, thieves on both sides of the line 
had more favorable opportunities for plundering, and bushwhackers 
roamed and raided as before. 


On the night of the twenty-second day of October, 1864, the rebel 
army encamped on the west bank of the Big Blue, their line entending 
southwest from Byron's ford. General Curtis' army, comprising the 
First, Second and Fourth brigades, under General Blunt, was 
at Westport. The main body of the militia was in Kansas City, 
Mo., General Pleasanton, with three brigades of cavalry on the 
road from Independence to Byrom's ford, and General McNeil, with one 
brigade on the road to Hickman's mill. Early in the morning of the 
twenty-third the brigade of Colonel Blair, consisting of the Fourth, Fifth, 
Sixth, Tenth and Nineteenth regiments, Kansas State Militia (cavalry) 
with the Ninth Wisconsin battery, a section belonging to the colored bat- 
tery under Lieutenant Minor, and McLain's battery, moved from Kansas 
City to Westport. About 5 o'clock in the morning the First, Second and 
Fourth brigades with McLain's battery moved out from Westport to 
meet the enemy. The line when formed consisted of the First brigade on 
the right, the second Colorado and Sixteenth Kansas on the left resting 
on the road, McLain's battery at the edge of the timber half a mile to the 
rear. The Second brigade was soon brought up on the right'. Colonel 
Jennison described the progress of the battle in his offical report thus : 
"Our skirmish lines soon encountered the enemy, swarming through 
the cornfields, and in the timber, southwest of Warnell's, and the battle 
of Westport was speedily opened. Meanwhile the thunder of artillery 
to the left told us our lines were engaged in the entire front. After a 
contest of varying fortunes for some minutes on our right, the First bri- 
gade was withdrawn to the timber, in the rear of Bent's house, perhaps 
an eighth of a mile from its former position, while the second brigade 
took the road to the right, leading to Shawnee Mission and passed down 
through Kansas on the rebel flank. After this our entire line was 
pressed back to the north bank of Brush creek, while the available force 
was rallied for a general advance. Pushing rapidly through the valley, 
we soon regained our original positions, driving the rebels .at all points 
until our entire line was fairly out of the timber, and occupied the open 
country. Our skirmishers following along the fences and stone walls,, 
with which the position was so thickly intersected. In spite of the de- 
termined resistance of the enemy our forces moved steadily on, until 


about a mile to the east and south. A heavy body of cavalry was visible, 
emerging from the timber when a general charge was ordered. Swing- 
ing into a trot, then a gallop, six companies of the Fifteenth under Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Hoyt took the left of the road and myself the right, with 
the Third Wisconsin battalion, and two companies of the Second Col- 
orado and one of the Fifteenth. The Fourth brigade under Colonel 
Ford was also led by 'Fighting Jim' in a dashing charge well up to the 
front. Then when both armies were in plain sight upon the prairie the 
rebels broke and in thorough disorder began a precipitous retreat which 
was hastened by the well served artillery and dashing onsets of Pleas- 
anton's forces on their right and rear. This, briefly told, is how the bat- 
tle of Westport was fought and won.'' 


Quantrill's guerilla band had a notable beginning. Its formation is 
not to be sought in any military activity of its members nor in any 
military ambition of its leader. The young men who organized the 
band lived in the neighborhood of Blue Springs, Jackson county, Mis- 
souri. They had no though of becoming either soldiers or guerillas. 
The band numbered few at first, but its initiation was dramatic and in 
perfect keeping with its subsequent record, the record of free lances. 

George Searcy was a wholesale thief and all-round robber. It is not 
known precisely when he arrived in Missouri, but daring the year 1861 
his home was in Jackson county, although his operations extended over 
all the counties adjoining. 

Thieves became abundant in Jackson county in 1S61 ; they took every 
species of property, horses, cattle, negroes, everything. Petty thieving 
became a fine art, and wholesale plundering an art of war. All law was 
paralyzed and a saturnalia of pillage reigned throughout the country. 
Thieves, in bands, usually carried a flag and robbed patriotically in the 
day time, and individual thieves operated at night for personal profit. 
Some of the thieving gentry were indigenous to the county and some 
came from afar. Sometimes a man was found dead and sometimes a 
house burnt. A general state of lawlessness prevailed. The border 
quarrels between Missouri and Kansas began half a dozen years before, 
and were now developing some of the characteristics of the old Corsican 
vendetta. The conditions were ideal for thievery, affording both oppor- 
tunity and pretext. The owners of slaves were especially subject to loss, 
the negroes being transported by the owners as rapidly as possible to 
the South for safety. Property of every description was secreted or sent 
off. Household goods were often hidden in the thick underbrush or 
among the rocks and the cliffs ; family fowling pieces were hidden in old 
trees or hollow logs; horses were tied to stakes in the middle of corn- 
fields, or to trees in the deep woods. But none the less, thieves made a 


harvest. In many neighborhoods the citizens were banded in quasi-mili- 
tary organizations, but these were inadequate against petty thieving and 
were scarcely effective against squads of mounted thieves. 

Toward the close of 1861 the people of Jackson county began to sus- 
pect that this man Searcy knew something of the whereabouts of the 
many horses which had lately disappeared. Searcy lived on the Little 
Blue, southeast of Independence. He had married a Miss Spencer, al- 
though he had a wife and five children in Illinois, so it was rumored. 
Some of the citizens in the vicinity of Blue Springs determined to in- 
vestigate his movements and his occupation. Not the least active man 
in this business was young Quantrill, who had been living quietly for 
some time at Morgan Walkers' house. This was the house which 
•Quantrill had raided months before in company with three or four Kan- 
sans. Ouantrill's purpose was to betray and kill his comrades out of 
revenge for the death of his brother some years before. Quantrill had 
■conducted these men down from Lawrence, Kan., under the pretext of 
running off Walker's negroes. The inmates of the Walker home were 
accordingly notified by Quantrill of the projected raid and ample prep- 
ation was made for the occasion. On the night of the venture, all 
things being in readiness at the Walker home, Quantrill led his dupes 
up from the woods, where they had been in hiding all day, and into the 
trap set for them. Quantrill had visited the house during the day and 
had reported to his followers that the time was propitious, the men 
folks being absent that night. When the raiders entered the house 
Quantrill sprang forward and ranged himself in iine with the elder 
Walker and the two sons. These four opened fire on the Kansans, 
three of whom fell dead. One was badly wounded, but escaped back 
into the woods, where he was discovered the next day, when he met 
the fate of his comrades, although the report was permitted to go forth 
that one had made good his escape. 

After this episode Quantrill was henceforth welcome at the Walker 
home. The two Walker boys became guerillas. But this affair did not 
in any sense constitute Quantrill a leader, nor did it even recommend 
him to a favorable reception in Jackson county. On the contrary he 
was subjected in consequence to grave suspicions and was forced to 
undergo a severe investigation. 

Some time after the Morgan raid Quantrill was employed on a trip to 
Texas with a squad of negroes for some wealthy Jackson county slave 
owners. He returned from Texas in August. On his way home he 
stopped at General Price's camp of state guards at Cowskin Prairie, in 
McDonald county. He accompanied the army when it moved, and as 
a private took part in the battle of Wilson's Creek, the second great 
battle of the Civil war. This battle was fought in August, 1861. Quan- 
trill was not at the battle of Lexington, fought in September. He lived 
quietly at Walker's after his return from Texas, from August until De- 


cember, displaying no desire to engage in the war. The time was ripe 
with martial activity; recruiting camps were popular resorts, and young 
men from every neighborhood were flocking to Price's army. 

The Morgan Walker raid marked Quantrill as a man of desperate 
courage, his trip to Texas marked him as a man of enterprise, a man 
both capable and trustworthy. He easily, therefore, assumed a sort of 
leadership in the search for Searcy. Quantrill and two or three other 
men, perhaps A. J. Liddil and Will Hallar, went to Searcy's house one 
night. Searcy was not there, but two negroes were found who thought 
they were going to Kansas with Searcy. Quantrill 's squad chased a 
young man into the old mill at Blue Springs. He was captured and 
proved to be Searcy's cousin, a boy seventeen years of age, named Wells. 
He was badly frightened, but was reassured by his captors, who prom- 
ised him immunity and release if he would tell all he knew about Searcy. 
The boy's revelations were startling. Searcy was then at the rendez- 
vous in Johnson county, where he was arranging to start south with a 
large herd of stolen horses. The boy also reported a large herd of 
horses collected by Searcy on the Little Blue near the Missouri river. 

The next night the several squads of hunters set out for Searcy's 
Johnson county headquarters, a few miles northeast of Chapel Hill. 
They arrived at the place about 3 o'clock in the morning. All was 
quiet. Quantrill stationed his men around the house, then boldly 
knocked at the door. After considerable knocking and considerable 
delay the door was opened by a woman. Two of the band entered the 
house with Quantrill. Quantrill never made mistakes in choosing men 
for arduous duties. Of the two men who entered the house with Quan- 
trill, one became a famous guerilla ; the other took part in the war, and 
is now a well known and highly respected citizen of Independence. The 
woman protested vehemently against the proposed search of her house. 
Quantrill was very gentle but very, very firm. His comrade, the future 
guerilla, had less patience, with the demonstrative woman and roughly 
seized her to put her aside, so that he could pass to the rooms beyond. 
Quantrill sternly rebuked the young man for his rudeness to the woman. 
In a back bedroom they discovered Searcy in a trundle-bed. He was 
heavily armed, but he offered no resistance, for resistance would have 
been suicidal. Wlien daylight came the premises were searched. A 
large number of horses and cattle and a few wagons were found. It 
was impossible for the captors to bring away all the stolen property. 
They turned the cattle out to be taken up as strays or to find their way 
home. Horses constituted the only property of much value at that 
period. The horses were brought back and were ultimately delivered to 
the rightful owner. 

The prisoner was carefully guarded. He exhibited remarkable nerve ; 
some of his captors still living speak admiringly of his courage. On 
Christmas Day, 1861, the prisoner was put on trial before a drumhead 



court presided over by A. J. Liddil, now a justice of the peace at In- 
dependence, Mo. Liddil lived at that time five miles east of Independ- 
ence and the trial took place in his house. Searcy made no attempt to 
deny his offenses, and his attempt at palliation was limited to the re- 
mark that the property he had taken would have been stolen anyway, 
and he might as well have it as anybody. On his way up from Johnson 
county the prisoner talked freely of his plans, now frustrated. He 
expected to drive his horses and cattle to Texas and establish a ranch 
there. He expected to take negroes with him to run the ranch. At the 
trial he displayed a lack of judgment in proclaiming his animosity to 
Judge Liddil, whom he vowed to kill. This threat probably sealed his 
fate. On account of this threat Judge Liddil was in favor of turning 
him loose, but Quantrill and the others voted for hanging. About 4 
o'clock in the afternoon, the prisoner was made to mount a horse ; a 
rope was put about his neck; the other end was thrown over a limb of 
a tree. The horse was then led away and Searcy was left hanging be- 
tween heaven and earth. 

This was the first work of Ouantrill's band. Some seven or eight 
of those who took part in the capture and execution of Searcy consid- 
ered themselves now well launched in the business of recovering stolen 
property, and in ridding the country of thieves. They found sixty-five 
head of horses at the Little Blue rendezvous, whither Wells directed 
them. These added to those brought up from Johnson county made a 
herd of 130 or 140 animals. These had to be fed and watered through 
the winter season until the owners could come and get them. Each 
owner was expected to pay something for the services of recovery and 
for feed and labor. The report was soon circulated that these men took 
horses belonging to Union men and held them for ransom. A Captain 
Burrus came down from Leavenworth to look into the matter. Quan- 
trill and his band waylaid Colonel Burrus' company and killed five of 
them. Colonel Jennison's men came next and they fell into an ambus- 
cade, losing several men. Ouantrill's band of less than a dozen at the 
beginning of 1862 soon numbered twenty. By midsummer of that year 
the band numbered over one hundred. These were mustered into the 
regular Confederate service a few days before the battle of Lone Jack, 
Col. Gideon W. Thompson, of Clay county, administering the oath. The 
band had already engaged in numerous hot skirmishes on its own 
account. After becoming a part of the regular Confederate army, the 
band continued its peculiar mode of warfare. It attracted many re- 
cruits and attained a numerical strength of over 400 before its disintegra- 


"I was the first man that discovered CjuantriU's men when they came 
to rail Olathe, September 6, 1862," said J. H. Milhoan, as he sat. in his 
office at the city hall, where for a dozen years he has filled the dig- 


nified position of police judge of the city of Olathe, and Mr. Milhoan. 
by the way, has been connected with the city of Olathe since the 
town was organized, way back in the prairie days of 1857. He 
was its first marshal, and Governor Robinson appointed him constable 
also when the county was organized, and for twelve years he was deputy 
sheriff, including the days of border warfare. Mr. Milhoan is a quiet, 
level-headed man with n unusually bright mind, and remembers with 
remarkable clearness the events that transpired prior to and during the 
war. He impresses one as being a man fearless, but sensible with it, and 
the fact that he kept cool head during the Quantrill raid is the only rea- 
son that he is alive and well today. 

"It was a moonlight night," said Mr. Milhoan, as he filled his pipe, 
and reached for a match, "and I had just returned from De Soto, Kan., 
with a lawyer and some witnesses that I had taken up there to court. 

"We stopped in the street in front of a saloon, on the square, and I 
held the horses outside while the others went in to get a drink. When 
they came back I went in to get a drink, and the saloon was full of men. 
I got the drink, then stepped around a bunch of ten or twelve men who 
were standing there to see who were at the card tables in the back end 
of the saloon. The saloon stood where Hershey's meat market stands 
now, and faced the west and the old trail ran along where the Grange 
Store now stands. When I got back there I could see east along the 
trail and I noticed some troops, by the bright moonlight, and asked who 
they were, as I suspicioned they were Quantrill's men. Some one spoke 
up and said they were looking for Captain Harvey's company from Leav- 
enworth and it might be them. I watched them, they were about a 
quarter of a mile away, and when I got outside they rode up and some 
one asked: 'Is this Captain Harvey's company?' 'Yes, flank right and 
left and take possession of the town.' It was Quantrill's order. I made 
for my team at once and started to drop the tugs, thinking that if I let 
them loose the men might not be able to catch them, as they were 
pretty hard to catch, but before I got this done one of Quantrill's men 
said to me: 'Fall into line, I will take that team.' 

"Three or four men came running out on the street from the saloon, 
among them Colonel Ocheltree and my brother, and one of the men 
shot my brother in the foot. I was wearing a cavalry overcoat and one 
of Quantrill's men seeing it, said: 'Pull off that coat.' I told him I had 

no coat under it and he answered : 'Take it off, it, you won't 

need a coat very long,' and I took it off and gave it to him. Hiram 
P.lanchard, a Spring Hill merchant was in the saloon at the time Quan- 
trill came, which was about 12 o'clock at night, not ten minutes either 
way. He had left his home at Spring Hill at 10 o'clock, at night, to 
come to Olathe. His sisters who lived with him, had tried their best 
to keep him at home that night, but could not persuade him to stay. 
The only way to reconcile his coming here," said Mr Milhoan, is "That 


a man will go to meet his fate. Blanchard rode a mare up here and she 
was tied outside. He started to untie his mare when one of Quantrill's 
men told him he would take charge of the horse. The man prevented 
him from taking her when he, Blanchard, stepped around on the other 
side, pulled a butcher knife from his boot and attempted to get on, but 
as his head rose above the horse's back a shot from a double barrel shot 
gun, in the hands of the Quantrill man blew off the top of his head, and 
he fell like a beef, and on striking the ground, he jumped around like a 
chicken with his head cut off. Quantrill's man then took the mare and 
led her away. 

"Phil Wiggins and Josiah Skinner were two men of the Twelfth Kan- 
sas regiment, Company A, all of whom were quartered here. Wiggins 
had said he would never be taken by bushwhackers. Wiggins was 
upstairs in a frame building, that stood on the lot where the First 
National Bank now stands, 

"Three or four men went upstairs, in the building where Wiggins 
was. Wiggins jerked the revolver from the leader and snapped it 
three or four times at him but it failed to go off. One of the other men 
then shot him in the back and after he fell the first man that Wiggins 
had tried to shoot, shot Wiggins three or four times after he had fallen. 
Quantrill had said if any of his men were killed he would burn the place 
and shoot all captives. 

"Mr. Skinner lay asleep in the First Presbyterian church, built by 
Rev. J. C. Beach, and used for soldiers' quarters. It stood where Whit- 
ney's drug store is now. He slept very sound and was hard to awaken. 
When Quantrill's men came to his room and called for him to get up 
the call did not awaken him, so one of them shot him through the body 
as he lay in bed. He died about one week later. Quantrill had about 
one hundred and fifty men Math him, perhaps, though it was hard to tell 
the exact number. The Quantrill men went to all the residences in town 
and ordered all the men into the court house square. I sat over there 
in the square with Mayor Pellett, father of the present mayor, while 
the looting of the town was going on. A three-board fence surrounded 
the square at that time. Before they started to leave the town with 
their plunder, I went to Mr. Quantrill, who was at Judge Campbell's resi- 
dence, which stood where the Patrons' Bank is now, and asked Mr. 
Quantrill if he could not let me have my team. He said if I would drive 
the team to Pappinsville, Mo., with a load of plunder on the wagon, 
that I could have my team to bring home, but he said, 'I can't furnish 
a guard to come back with you, and I wouldn't advise you to do it.' 
Quantrill's men robbed all the stores and took all the good horses they 
could find. A. M. Hoff owned a store on the west side of the square, 
and Hoff was with the men corralled in the square. His wife, excited 
at the looting of the store, kept calling to her husband as she saw their 
property being loaded, and Mr. Hoff in his frenzy attempted to cross 


over where she was, when one of the guards struck him on the head with 
the butt end of a musket and knocked him senseless. 'It was a wonder,' 
said Mr. Milhoan, 'that he was not shot down.' 'Did they take any 
whisky?' was asked. 'Don't think they bothered the whisky,' said Mr. 
Milhoan. 'Up there at Lawrence one of Quantrill's men got drunk and 
failed to get out of town with the other men and next morning the citi- 
zens found him and killed him.' 

"Quantrill was after the men who belonged to the Twelfth Kansas. 
On his way to Olathe he took Frank Cook from the residence of David 
Williams, his father-in-law, and shot him. Cook had just enlisted in 
ihe company and had gone out that day to see his wife who was at her 
parents' home. Cook was in bed at the time the bandits came and 
hearing an unusual noise came out and was immediately taken prisoner. 
His body was found in a ravine, not far from the house, with two bullet 
holes in his breast and his head crushed with a cannon ball. Mr. Cook 
was a most excellent neighbor and friend, straightforward in all his 
dealings, and the fact that he had joined the Twelfth was the cause of 
his being murdered, for murder it was, for no rules of honorable warfare 
give the victors the right to kill defenseless prisoners. From the Wil- 
liams' residence, Quantrill and his men came on towards Olathe to the 
John J. Judy residence, a mile and one-half east of town. Here John 
J. and his brother, James, had gone that day to get ready to leave with 
their company. Mrs. Judy and a neighbor girl staying there were still 
sitting up, the brothers having retired, when the house was surrounded 
and ten or fifteen men entered. They ordered the two brothers to get 
up and dress at once, and then ransacked the house for any valuables 
they might find. They talked jestingly of 'Happy Kansas' and some- 
times a snatch of a song would be mingled with the oaths and curses 
of the men. 'If you have much Union about you, better work it off by 
crving, and we'll give you cause enough,' said one. Getting tired of 
this sport in a short time, they ordered the brothers to mount behind 
two of their men and galloped away. Mrs. Judy left for a neighbor's, a 
half mile away, as soon as they had gone, and while on the road heard 
the five shots that killed her husband and his brother. She thought that 
the shots were at Olathe, however, believing they had been gone long 
enough to get there. The next morning the bodies of the men were 
found on the Jonathan Millikan farm, about one-half the distance 
between the Judy home and town. The Judys were men of excellent 
character and good citizens and their killing was no less than cold- 
blooded murder. John Judy had been shot once in the left eye and 
twice in the breast. His brother, James, once in the face and once in the 

"The men who were held in the court house square by the Quantrill 
gang while the looting was going on over the city, were, no doubt, won- 
dering what was in store for them, and just before daylight the news 


was broken to them. Ouantrill surrounded the prisoners with a cordon 
of men, and ordered all citizens to go to the left and the recruits to the 
right, warning" the recruits not to go over to the citizens' side. John 
Hayes, a recruit, took the chance, however, and escaped detection. Then 
Ouantrill started the wagons loaded with the plunder on ahead towards 
Spring Hill, and he with the prisoners followed, the prisoners on foot. 
It was evidently the intention of Ouantrill to rob the town of Spring 
Hill also, as the town was as defenseless as Olathe, but on getting within 
a mile of town at the farm house of Mr. McKoin he, McKoin, told them 
that several companies of soldiers had just arrived there and Ouantrill 
not desiring any fighting, turned east through the fields, taking McKoin 
along as a guide and tearing fences down wherever they were on the 
route he wished to go. A. P. Trahern's house was just east of McKoin's- 
Mr. McKoin's rifle, violin and horse were taken, his furniture broken 
and Mr. Trahern ordered to fall in with the prisoners. Quantrill's men 
seemed to have a fondness for photographs of young ladies and always 
took them in robbing a house and in Mr. Trahern's house they took 
every photograph he had of this kind. Squiresville was a town laid out 
two miles east of the present site of Ochiltree, Kan., on the old Ft. 
Scott stage line. On the way there Cliff Turpin, one of Quantrill's men, 
offered Lieutenant Pellet a horse to ride, which Pellet accepted. A short 
time afterwards one of the bushwhackers rode up 10 him and tried to 
get him to jump off and run, assuring him escape would be very easy. 

'You little Yankee schoolmaster run,' he would say, 'You can get 

away just as well as not.' Mr. Pellet, however, stayed on his horse, not 
caring to be a target for the fellow who evidently wanted -to shoot him. 
The prisoners were confined to a store room on arrival at Squiresville, 
while Ouantrill and his men took breakfast. Breakfast over, Quantrill 
had the prisoners all lined up before him and said, 'For the last half 
hour I have been doing something I never did before, I have been mak- 
ing up my mind whether to shoot you or not.' He then told them that 
he decided to have them take an oath not to take up arms against the 
Confederacy, and release them, and the oath was administered accord- 
ingly, and the prisoners were released, returning to Olathe about noon, 
footsore, weary and hungry, yet thankful that they had escaped with 
their lives. When the prisoners were marshalled in line Mr. Trahern 
and a young man, John Dunn, were ordered to stand aside. Lieutenant 
Gregg, the third in command, rode up to Ouantrill and, seeing them out 
of line, asked him about it. 'I don't know anything about it. I don't 
know who in the hell they are,' Ouantrill answered. It seems that Tra- 
hern had been in service with Jennison in Missouri and Quantrill's men 
suspected it, while they had a suspicion that Dunn, too, might have 
been connected with a Missouri raid. Both, however, strictly denied 
everything, but they were kept prisoners and each ordered to drive a 
wagon, and at night their captors tied them to a wagon wheel to pre- 


vent their escape. As soon as the prisoners were released at Squiresville 
they returned home. Steps were taken at once for the release of Tra- 
hern and Dunn. A party was sent to John J. Jackson, a farmer living 
near Squiresville, who was known to be in sympathy with the Confed- 
eracy, and informed him it was up to him to obtain the release of Dunn 
and Trahern, or meet the same fate that befell them. Jackson started 
immediately and arrived at the camp of Ouantrill at midnight and next 
morning" laid the case before him. Quantrill's own men did not know 
where he slept in seclusion. Ouantrill, after hearing the case, decided 
to turn the men loose, as his friend Jackson would have to suffer, but 
had not Jackson arrived when he did, both Dunn and Trahern would 
have been executed. Mr. Trahern had a good opportunity to see Ouan- 
trill, while he was his prisoner, and says that Ouantrill had his men 
thoroughly disciplined and his orders were obeyed with alacrity when 
or wherever given. Occasionally a scout would come excitedly to him 
and report that a body of men had been seen or that something alarming 
had happened. Ouantrill, unconcerned apparently, would answer, 'See 
who they are,' or 'See that they do not come too close," and ride on as 
cool and calm as if danger to him was unknown. The fact that there 
was quite a number of Quantrill's friends in and around Olathe that 
might have had to suffer, no doubt, saved Olathe from receiving at the 
hands of Quantrill the fate that Lawrence met at a later date. 

"Olathe at the time of the raid had three saloons. The first one was 
built on the north side of the square, where the old livery barn stands 
now. A man by the name of Mayfield built it, and ran the saloon. John 
M. Giffen had a printing office just east of this saloon, and printed the 
Olathe 'Herald.' Quantrill's men broke up his press, threw out his 
type and destroyed everything possible in the office. The 'Mirror' office 
also came in for its share of pillage and destruction, but the press, being 
a strong one, their efforts to break it failed, and it continued to print 
the news for years afterwards. The site of the present Peck building 
was occupied at the time of the raid by a frame structure in which was 
the postoffice and a grocery store. The building fronts the west. Where 
the concrete building stands at the northwest corner of the square a 
residence stood, and just south of the building where the city hall now 
stands, a butcher shop was conducted. Henderson Boggs built a hotel 
on the west side where the Avenue House stands, ran it a while and 
sold it to Thurma & Scott, who sold it again to Benjamin Dare. Mr. 
Dare got into trouble by opening a letter belonging to L. F. Crist and 
taking a check therefrom. Mr. Crist found out in some manner who 
the guilty party was, had him arrested, but he got out on bond and 
before trial secured his bondsman and left the country. The building 
now occupied by "Dick" Weaver as a grocery store at the southwest cor- 
ner of the square was at this time, 1862, the Johnson county court 
house, the upper story being used for offices, while the lot at the south- 


east corner of the square, now occupied by the First National Bank 
building- owned by J. L. Pettyjohn & Company and had two houses on 
it, one a stone, the other a frame building. C. M. Ott ran a bakery in 
one of these buildings at a later date and certainly understood the act 
of turning his money often by making quick sales and. small profits. Mr. 
Ott started in business with a capital of fifteen dollars, a level head, 
pleasing manner and unbounded energy. In a few years he became a 
wealthy and highly respected citizen. I always did believe, though, that 
a man who got up at 2 o'clock in the morning to start a fire in the oven, 
and kneaded fifty or a hundred pounds of flour into a nice dough, and 
then baked it before breakfast, ought to get something out of it besides 
a bare living, and here is one Johnson county man who did. 

Mr. Ott before opening the bakery had been in the saloon business 
on the north side of the square, prior to his bakery venture, but quit 
that and started a bakery on the top of the hill east of the square on 
Santa Fe Street, and afterwards moved to a lot on the southeast corner 
of the square. He may have had a reason for this, for Mr. Milhoan 
says : 'A half dozen of the boys went to his former location one night 
and started a rough house and when they were through everything inside 
the building was broken up. The boys had nothing against Mr. Ott 
but they had been drinking a little too much liquor that flowed so freely 
in Olathe at that time." 

J. H. Milhoan was born in Tyler county, Virginia, not over ten feet 
from the Ohio river bank. This naturally suggested fishing to the writer 
and Mr. Milhoan smiled and said : "Well, yes, I do like to fish," and he 
was in earnest too. He came to Kansas in 1856, married Belinda Wood 
December 2, i860. The wedding occurred on a farm two miles west of 
Olathe. They have one son born at St. Joseph, Mo., December 6, 1862. 



The Lawrence raid occurred on August 23, 1863. Quantrill en- 
tered Johnson county before sundown with a force variously estimated at 
from two to three hundred, and camped for supper a few miles west of 
Aubrey. They stated to people of the locality that they were recruits on 
their way to Leavenworth to be mustered in. Mr. Waterhouse, who had 
visited Quantrill's camp with Jackson to secure Trahern's and Dunn's 
release, saw them during the evening, and knowing they were guerillas 
mounted his horse and rode in hot haste to Aubry and reported what 
he had seen to the captain in command of the post. The latter forwarded 
the intelligence to General Ewing in command of the district at West- 
port. . Had proper steps been taken then, Lawrence would have been 
saved the death of its citizens, or at least, been avenged. Ewing was 
one of the class of officers selected on account of family connections. 


social standing", or a celebrity in some pursuit of civil life. He was the 
son of Hon. Thomas Ewing, and a lawyer of rising fame. What other 
attributes were necessary for a good general? None; but Lawrence 
was burned, its citizens murdered and the murderers escaped, while this 
general was getting up his line of defense, and reviewing the evidence 
before him. It is very easy to find fault, and to tell how a thing might 
have been done after it is done ; but still, how those who saw the sad 
events of the day chafed at stupid delays and timid pursuits ; and sighed 
for a Phillip Sheridan, or even the decision, dash and daring of a common 
red leg. 

G. B. Alger, who was with James H. Lane in his efforts to capture 
Quantrill after the Lawrence raid, says that if Lane had been permitted 
to have his way about it, he would have gotten the whole bunch but 
Colonel Plumb, being in command, took the pursuit very leisurely and 
when the bushwhackers slowed up. Plumb would slow up too. The 
further fact that Quantrill 's horses and men were worn and jaded from 
their long ride, while the Union forces were recruiting from the territory 
through which they passed, gave them a decided advantage if Plumb had 
forced the issue. "Twenty times during the day opportunities were- 
offered for a gallant charge," says Gregg's history, "that would have sent 
mourning and desolation to many a Missouri home, but no such charge 
was ever made." Loaded down with plunder the rebels passed leisurely 
out of Kansas as securely as though returning from a picnic and to this 
day the account remains unbalanced. 

Some of the bushwhackers, overcome with fatigue on the march, 
dropped out of line and concealing themselves in thickets and cornfields, 
made their way through to Missouri alone, after enjoying a rest. Of 
these, one was captured near Spring Hill by some farmers and brought 
to headquarters at Olathe. He was a young man of good appearance 
and address, with a cool, quiet manner that marked him as one who had 
faced death too often to feel fear at its approach. 

After obtaining his name, age, place of residence and some other par- 
ticulars, he was taken to the prairie east of town and shot by volunteers. 
The shots took effect in his breast, and for a moment before falling, he 
stood erect cooly looking around to see if more shorts were to be fired. 
His bones now lie in an unmarked grave where he fell. 


Carrie V. Love, now Mrs. Jonathan Mize, of Olathe, Kan., was a 
girl of fourteen at the time of the Quantrill raid at Lawrence. She 
lived then with her parents at Lone Jack, Mo., and two nights before 
the attack on Lawrence she was sitting up with a sick daughter of James 
Noel, a neighbor. She was upstairs in the large two-story house. The- 


moon was shining brightly. During the night she heard a noise outside, 
and looking out, she saw the barnyard full of men and horses. A num- 
ber of men were in the kitchen below getting a midnight lunch. 

The next morning she said to Mr. Noel : "Uncle Jim, who were all 
those men around the house last night?" "You didn't see any men 
around the house last night," was the reply, but when he was convinced 
that she had he said : "Well, now, I'll tell you but don't say one word 
about it. It would be worth my head to let it be known," and then he 
told her they were Ouantrill's men. "How many?" she asked. "O, a 
hundred or two," he replied, "I suppose they are going to have trouble 
on the line." Mr. Noels' two sons, Alvis and Joe, were with Ouantrill 
and they were starting for Lawrence then. They stayed near the 
Kansas line in the timber on Big Blue the day following, and the next 
evening after dusk camped at a spring on the Newton farm near Spring 


During the winter of 1863 troops were stationed at Olathe, Aubry 
and Westport for protection against the raiders from Missouri. The 
protection extended only to the towns in which troops were stationed. 
Spring Hill at this time was left unguarded. 

Quantrill's second in command, George Todd, took advantage of this 
in February and left it in the same condition, financially, as its neigh- 
bors, Olathe and Shawnee. Todd had but ten men, but as its citizens 
were taken by surprise, no resistance could be offered. The postoffice, 
Thomas Parker's store and L. D. Prunty's store, the only business houses 
of the town, were thoroughly overhauled and such goods taken as could 
be conveniently carried away on horses. Mr. Prunty reported his loss 
at about $1,500. On the way back to Missouri they stopped at the home 
of Nathan Darland, one mile east of town. Air. Darland's son, Achilles, 
a member of the Twelfth Kansas regiment, was lying" on his death bed, 
and A. P. Trahern, Will Thahern and Benjamin Sprague were there to 
render neighborly attentions. Their horses were tied in front of the 
house. Hearing horses approaching, Will Trahern mounted his horse 
and escaped. The other two were not quick enough for this maneuver, 
but managed to get away by crawling away on their hands and knees 
to a nearby cornfield. The bushwhackers entered the house and after 
inquiring where the riders of the horses were, went away taking the 
the horses with them. 

This being Albert Trahern's second loss of a horse at their hands, he 
decided to make an effort for the recovery of his property. He went to 
Westport the next morning and laid the matter before Major Ransom 
and a squad of thirty-seven soldiers was detailed to accompany him in 
the search. Taking the trail and following it many miles through the 
hills and brush of Missouri, just at night they came to a small pole cabin 


in a dense thicket. Several men were seen, but owing to thick brush 
they easily escaped with their horses. Trahern found his bridle in the 
cabin, but no horse anywhere. Shirts and drawers hanging up to dry 
showed that the bushwhackers had procured a change of clothing at 
Spring Hill, and were giving their old underclothing the benefit of a 
wash. After burning the cabin the soldiers called on a farmer living 
within half a mile to learn something regarding its occupants. 
Although it stood on his own land, the innocent soul did not know that 
it was there, and was not aware that any guerrillas had ever been in 
the vicinity. 

During the spring and' summer, life and property were held by slight 
tenures outside of the military posts. The bushwhackers in small squads 
roamed the country at will. The timber of the Blue, Tomahawk, Cof- 
fey and Indian creeks on the east side of the county afforded safe 
retreats, from which they could sally forth to take in the luckless 
traveler or attack scouts and pickets. The results were limited, how- 
ever, as no one had the temerity to traverse that part of the county. 


Gregg says "George H. Hoyt, who became captain of the Red 
Legs, was a young man of Massachusetts parentage and training, and 
having breathed the abolition air of that State all his life, was naturally 
a Republican of the deepest dye ; a radical supporter of Free State 
rights and the Union cause, and correspondingly a hater of the South 
and its institutions." 

At the time of John Brown's arrest in Virginia, Hoyt, then a young 
law student, hastened to the place where he was imprisoned, and vol- 
unteering his service as counsel, remained with the old man until the 
last act of the bloody drama was ended. Thenceforth John Brown, to 
him, was a hero and martyr. The cause he fought and died for was 
sacred. Such an event at his impressible age was enough to set for life 
his abolition views and principles. He hated slavery and its adher- 
ents with a good hearty hatred that would have delighted Byron when 
expressing his liking for a "good hater." 

Hence it was but natural that he gravitated to Kansas with the com- 
mencement of national difficulties. Kansas was the scene of John 
Brown's perils and triumphs, and here he would attempt to do his part 
toward carrying out the work of the martyr. But the outlook was not 
particularly promising. The Government still had some timid scruples 
about giving offence to the erring brethren, and army operations were 
conducted on a conciliatory plan far from satisfactory to the enthusias- 
tic followers of John Brown. Hence Hoyt did not go into the army. 

Kansas at that time was not lacking in a goodly supply of those rest- 
less, energetic young gentlemen whose star of empire is forever lead- 


ing them westward. Among this class, Hoyt found some whose enmity 
to the "divine institution" rivaled his own. He conceived the design 
of organizing a company of this material. As the men would not submit 
to the restrains and routine of the regular army, their chances for 
engaging in active operations were not promising, until the difficulty was 
settled by the provost marshal, who agreed to accept them as a provost 
guard. They were employed in scouting, dispatch carrying, and accom- 
panying the troops on expeditions as guides, etc. No company of better 
fighting material was ever organized. The men were all young, inured 
to western life, splendid horsemen, thoroughly accomplished in the use 
of weapons, rashly reckless and fearless, and, as an old Missouri lady 
once remarked, "as full of the devil as a mackerel of salt". They wore, 
as a distinguishing mark, by which to recognize each other when 
scouting in the enemy's country, leggings of red morocco, and hence 
the name of "red-legs." The most prominent members of the gang were, 
Bloom Swayne, well known under the name of "Jeff Davis", Jack 
Bridges, as "Beauregard", Al. Savers, and Joseph Mater. 

These four, in company with several others, had gained some noto- 
riety, previous to the organization, by an expedition engaged on their 
own personal account. They started from Wyandotte to reconstruct 
the neighboring counties of Missouri, and to accomplish this, gathered 
some eighty negro slaves, and, we believe, about an equal number of 
horses and mules, and attempted to run them into Kansas. They suc- 
ceeded in getting them to the river bank, opposite Wyandotte, where a 
boat was to be in readiness to ferry them over. The owner of the boat 
failed, however, to keep his part of the contract. The Missouri militia, 
in the meantime, had started in pursuit, overtaking them while they 
were waiting for another boat. A volley fired from brush was the first 
intimation to the jayhawkers of danger. A bullet in the breast stretched 
Al Savers on the sand, and Bloom Swayne also received one or two 
severe wounds. The remaining members of the party, supposing the 
assailants to be United States troops, offered no resistance, and were 
soon surrounded and captured. They were taken first, to Liberty, and 
afterwards to Plattsburg and placed in confinement to await trial. As 
the Missouri code, at that time, contained very stringent laws in regard 
to running off slaves, our jayhawkers had prospects of the most flatter- 
ing character for a long sojourn in the penitentiary. After some weeks' 
confinement, Joe Mater frustrated the whole arrangement. Through 
his instrumentality, a hole in the wall, a few broken locks, and a fav- 
orable night, an exit was made, and the Missourians awoke one fine 
morning to the fact that their county was saved many dollars' expense, 
in the way of a trial. This incident, as before stated, occurred previous 
to the Red Leg organization, and is given simply to illustrate the busi- 
ness characteristic of the company members. 

Just what particular acts the Red Legs did in Missouri have never 


been recorded, but in some way, they soon gained a widespread noto- 
riety. The Missourians represented them as monsters of blood-thirsty 
cruelty, and told horrifying- and hair-raising tales of their outrages and 
deeds of violence. In the absence of records, and with due respect for 
the exaggerating style of the times, we must dissent from the majority 
of the statements; but it is certain they soon inspired the whole Mis- 
souri border with terror, and were more dreaded than the entire Union 

Their fighting qualities and reckless daring were speedily known, and 
no force could be collected that would dare to face them. This dread 
was inspired, in a great measure, by the fact that if a Red Leg met a 
bushwhacker or known rebel, during a scout, the results resolved simply 
into the question as to how long a man would live, with a certain num- 
ber of bullet holes through him. No quarter was asked or given. It 
was a savage style of warfare, it must be confessed, but it is scarcely 
possible for one who did not reside on the border to conceive how 
completely the amenities of civilized life were dispensed with in those 
troublous days. 

It was charged that they were robbers of the worst class, but this 
.accusation was unjustly applied. It is true they did a good deal of con- 
fiscating in the enemies' country, but it was always in the face of the 
enemy, and from known enemies. No quiet citizens were ever molested. 
On one occasion a member of the company stole a pair of shoes, and 
on proof of the fact, was promptly dismissed from the command, though 
it appeared that he did it more for fun than anything else, as he gave 
them away to the first person he met. We are speaking now, of the 
command, while acting as an organized company, but cannot say what 
might have been done by individual members in aftertimes. 

There was some excuse, however, for popular belief, from the fact 
that the thieves spoken of elsewhere soon commenced turning Red Leg 
reputation to personal account. Gangs of them would don the red 
leggings and sally forth to rob and steal whenever an opportunity pre- 
sented, shrewdly judging that few would resist or attempt to recover 
their property when supposing them to be the veritable terribles. In 
this way many thousand dollars' worth of property went, that the 
wrong parties were accused of taking. Owing to repeated complaints of 
this nature, the organization was dissolved, and the members, generally, 
joined the regular volunteer army, and enjoyed enough fighting, before 
the close of the war, to satisfy the most belligerent. 


The battle of Bull Creek, or Bull Run, as it was locally called by the 
early settlers, was a bloodless battle, although a few shots were ex- 
changed. Lane, by marching his men past a certain point in view of the 


enemy and then under cover of the woods, sending" them back to reap- 
pear again, convinced General Reed that he, Lane, had as many Free 
State men as Reed had. Reed ordered his men to fall back, and they 
did not stop until they reached Westport, thirty miles away. 


This battle, that never was fought, was one of the earliest hostile 
acts of the Civil war in Johnson county. It was in 1861, and a 
meeting had been held at Gabriel Reed's residence, near the Mis- 
souri line, for the purpose of selecting men to patrol the border, 
and guard against any surprise from Missouri bushwhackers. An 
old man named Franklin, living on Tomahawk creek, was against 
An old man named Franklin, living on Tomahawk creek, was against 
the proposition, and the Free State men at once suspicioned him as being 
in sympathy with the Missourians. About three weeks after the meet- 
ing, Pat Cosgrove, the sheriff of Johnson county, and Joe Hutchins, a 
constable, went to Little Santa Fe, just over the State line, expecting to 
return the same evening. They did not return, however, on time, and a 
rumor was started the next morning that they were held as prisoners, 
and the Missourians were going to hang them. The word spread 
rapidly, and soon 100 or more men gathered, armed with every kind 
of conceivable weapon, and started for Little Santa Fe, to rescue 
Pat and Joe. A halt was made near the Franklin residence, and two 
men were sent to Little Santa Fe, to find out what had been done, while 
the rest of the crowd talked in groups, of what would happen to the 
Missourians in that Santa Fe town, if a hair on the head of either Pat 
or Joe was injured. In an hour or so a long line of men on horseback 
was seen, coming from Missouri, and headed toward the rescuers, who 
were waiting. No sooner was this made known than a retreat was 
made, toward Olathe, by the rescuers, with a much faster gait than the 
forward movement had been made. On the top of a hill, on the way 
back, some pioneer had piled up some logs, preparatory to building a 
cabin. Now, Mr. Sawn, self-constituted leader of the rescurers, ordered 
all hands to throw up the timber into breastworks, and some twenty or 
thirty-five went to work, while the rest of the bunch sped on to Olathe, 
as fast as they could go. A half hour's work completed the breast- 
works of logs, about two feet high and sixty feet square, and here the 
gallant twenty or twenty-five awaited the attack, which did not come. 
After waiting a half hour, F. W. Case and Evan Shriver volunteered to 
go back and find out why, and they soOn returned, with the joyful news 
that the Missourians had returned to Santa Fe. They had come out to 
escort the old man Franklin and his family over the line to his Mis- 
souri friends. Then the rescuers returned, joyfully, forgetting Pat and 
Joe, and arrived safely in Olathe, hungry and footsore. Pat and Joe 


arrived an hour later. They had been detained in Little Santa Fe, but 
had been released, and had been in no personal danger. 


January 9, 1863. — We are sorry to chronicle the fact that Captain 
Milhoan's company has been ordered away from this place. This com- 
pany was raised in Johnson county, and is composed of our best citi- 
zens. They are men of property, and the protection they gave was a 
hundred-fold more valuable to us, as they were doubly interested in the 
peace, prosperity and protection of the border, from the frequent raids 
of the unknown guerillas. It is not necessary to laud the officers and 
men of this company, for where they are known their acts speak for 
themselves. No company has given such entire satisfaction and 
received the unbounded confidence of the people as this company has 
done. Our interests were their interests, our safety their safety, our 
protection their protection. The citizens of this county can never be 
ungrateful to the officers and men of this noble company. The kind 
wishes of the citizens of this county will follow them wherever they 
go, whether upon the tented field or amid peace and prosperity of our 

July 11, 1863. — We have been asked why we don't revive the "Mirror" 
in full. During the past two years we have been promised protection 
by our governors, generals and senators, notwithstanding the fact that 
every town in our county has been sacked from one to three times. 
Last spring, believing we would have the protection so long sought, 
we made arrangements to renew our paper in its old shape. But the 
protection we anticipated did not come and we have come to the con- 
clusion not to start out anew until we can see fair indication of the end 
of our troubles, when our paper will be renewed on a permanent basis 
and not subject to such changes in its size and quality of reading mat- 
ter as our readers now witness. We have given it a circulation of 500 
in order to accommodate the business of the county and merchants who 
wish to advertise. We shall make the "Mirror" after the war what it 
was before, the largest and best newspaper in the State. 

July 11, 1863. Notice. — There will be a petition presented to county 
board of Johnson county, at its next session, the first Monday of July 
next, praying for a road to accommodate the travel from Olathe to 
Westport, commencing where the Shawneetown road leaves the Old 
Santa Fe road, and run on a line the best for the country to the half 
section corner next north of the south corner of sections 7 and 8, in town- 
ship 12 south of range 25. 

January 7, 1864. — Ferry across the Kansas river on the Telegraph 
road from Ft. Leavenworth to Ft. Scott. 

This ferry is located on the Telegraph road from Leavenworth to Ft. 
Scott via Olathe, Paola and Mound City and is the most direct route 
between the two places. Teams crossed at any time day or night. 

Isaac Parrish. 


May 28, 1864. — The Wyandotte bridge has been and is now in good 
•crossing order. Remember there is no toll to those going to Wyan- 
dotte. We are under obligations to Senator Lane for a package of gar- 
den seeds. Accept our thanks, General. 

1864, When Taxes Were Low. — In 1864 and prior to that time the 
county treasurer took his books for collection of taxes, and visited the 
different polling places of the county to collect taxes due. That year 
the State tax was five mills, county tax fifteen mills, common school tax 
three mills, county road tax two mills, county sinking fund four mills. 
Interest on county bonds four mills. J. W, Sponable was county treas- 
urer at the time and in his notice to the tax payers said: "I hope all will 
be ready to pay at the time and places designated and save themselves 
much time and expense. Taxes are high this year but we have had a 
prosperous year and should meet it cheerfully." 

A Price Raid Reminiscence. — Ed Moll, proprietor of the Olathe 
House, came to Kansas in i860 and with his father located on a farm 
five miles west of town. He remembers well the battle of Westport, 
when General Price was defeated. His father and two brothers were 
with the home guards at Olathe, and he, also, had two brothers in the 
regular army. Mr. Moll at the time was a boy of twelve at home tak- 
ing care of the stock. When he heard the cannons booming he took 
the fastest horse on the farm, got an old musket and started for Olathe. 
He met a number going the opposite way, driving as hurriedly as pos- 
sible, who advised him to go back with them as Price's men were com- 
ing and he would be killed. He kept on, however, and just before he 
got to Olathe he met another party who tried to persuade him to return. 
When they found he would not they advised him, at least, not to carry 
a gun, for if Price's men met him they would kill him sure, but if he 
had no gun, being only a boy, they might not molest him. Mr. Moll 
took the advice in regard to the gun, and threw it away and came to 
Olathe, where he found the home guards located a block north of the 
square. The commissary department was located in the building now 
occupied by E. D. Warner. Mr. Moll found his father and brother 
stationed in the old home of Jonathan Millikan, now owned by Ada and 
Minnie Sykes. Olathe was expecting an attack at any time and excite- 
ment was at the highest pitch, but Price retreated south and Olathe was 
not molested. 


The Grand Army of the Republic is represented at Olathe by Frank- 
lin Post No. 68, the roster of which is here presented: Adair, Austin; 
Armstrong, O. F. ; Austin, N. F. ; Abbot, George W.; Alger, W. ; 
Beauchamp, William; Beller, S. E. ; Briggs, J. W. ; Bruner, J. B.; Black, 
George; Brockway, W. S. ; Boswell, Charles; Clarke, E. M. ; Clampitt, 
D. W. ; Carpenter, A. G. ; Cooper, S. V.; Crooks, J. W. ; Corp, J. S.; 



Chaney, A. J. ; DeWitt, William ; Edgington, A. N. ; Eclgington, Sam 
Ellswell, E. B. ; Furry, W. D. ; Fenn, Isaac ; Fulton, A. C. ; Hackett 
H. N.; Honnold, S. H. ; Huff, George; Hunt, A. L. ; Henry, R. J. 
Hougland, D. P. ; Hogue, T. L. ; Hedrick, D. M. ; Hunzinger, J. R. 
Jack, D. L. ; Irvin, G. W. ; Kennedy, J.; Lyman, W. A.; Lott, A. H. 
Little, J. T. ; Mize, Johnson ; Merritt, Frank ; McKay, D. F. ; Mclntyre 
F. L. ; McMillan, R. B. ; McCleary, E. J. ; Martin, Rev. L. ; Nuser, H. H. 
Nehrhood, E. F. ; Noland, Thomas ; Nichols, J. T. ; Netherton, J. C. 
Ogg, F. R. ; Pellett, William; Pickering, I. O. ; Pratt, W. A.; Page 
David; Phelps, Cicero; Pelham, W. B. ; Parks, Horace; Pickerel, B. F. 
Ruttinger, Frank ; Reitz, Nicholas ; Ripley, Ed. ; Rogers, Solon ; Ross 
Whitfield; Ralston, S. F. ; Ramsdell, H. L. ; Rulison, W. A.; Reeves, F 
M. ; Speer, William ; Spencer, Reuben ; Stypes, Charles ; Stevenson, R 
E. ; Timanus, G. H. ; Wood, S. T. ; Walker, Ross ; Warner, E. D. ; Wool- 
ard, I. J.; Wolfley, Louis; Ward, McDuff; Wallace, J. O.; Wheeler, W. 
S. ; Zimmerman, W. H. 




Organization — Growth and Development of the Schools. 

The first school in Johnson county was the Shawnee Mission school, 
and the few white children that were there attended the Indian school, 
with the exception of those who received private instruction. 

The first Territorial legislature, which met in July, 1855, passed the 
first body of laws for the Government of Kansas. In chapter 144 of 
these statutes is found an act, section 1 of which reads : "That there 
shall be established a common school or schools, in each of the counties 
of this territory, which shall be open and free for every class of white 
citizens between the ages of five and twenty-one years, provided that 
persons over the age of twenty-one years may be admitted into such- 
schools on such terms as the trustees of such schools may direct." 

Owing to the political situation little was done in the administration 
of school laws nor any other laws enacted by this legislature or those 
of 1857. The first Free State legislature, which convened in 1858, passed 
additional laws for the organization, supervision and maintenance of 
common schools. It created an office of Territorial superintendent of 
common schools, and declared, "that all school districts established 
under this act shall be free and without charge for tuition to all children 
between the ages of five and twenty-one years, and no sectarian teacher 
shall be allowed therein." 

The first schools for white children as provided by the territorial laws 
were established in Johnson county in 1857, and the great development 
of the school system of this county is shown by the following state- 
ment, furnished by Miss May Cain, county superintendent of public 
instruction : Number of districts organized (not including cities of first 
and second class), 97; number of district clerks reporting, 96; average 
daily attendance per teacher of schools of two or more grades, 10; high 
school, 13; total, 23; average salary paid male teacher per month of two 
or more teachers: grades $69; high school, $91; average salary of male 
teachers in one teacher school, $64.75 ; average salary of female teacher 
in one teacher school, $48.25 ; average salary for female teacher per 
month in schools of two or more teacher's grades, $55 ; high school, 
$75 ; average cost per pupil per month on enrollment in one teacher 
school, $3.50; average cost per pupil per month on enrollment in schools 
of two or more grades, $2.50; high school, $3.60; average cost per pupil 
per month on average daily attendance in schools of two or more teach- 
er's grades, $3.40 ; high school, $4.75 ; average length of school year in 


weeks in one teacher school, 30.62; average length of school year in 
weeks of two or more teachers, 33.86; number of school buildings, one 
teacher school, 82; number of school buildings, two teacher school, 16; 
(two districts in the county have colored schools) making two build- 
ings in the district. Number of school rooms in one teacher school, 
82; number of school rooms in two teacher school, 55; total, 137; num- 
ber of schools built in year ending June 30, 1914, 1 ; cost of same, $4,500; 
number of pupils in one teacher school passing the common school 
examination this year: males, 34; females, 43; total JJ ; number of 
pupils in schools of two or more teachers passing the graded school 
examination this year: males, 19; females, 12; total 31; number of cer- 
tificates granted — first grade, 11; second grade, 22; third grade, 20; 
temporary, 6; total, 59; average age of persons receiving certificates, 
25 ; number of teachers receiving certificates having no previous expe- 
rience, 22 ; number of high school teachers employed who are graduates 
of a college or university, 7 ; of a normal, 3 ; number of teachers not 
graduated, but having completed one or more years of a college course, 1 ; 
Number of grade teachers who are graduates of a college or university, 
6; of a normal school, 3: of a high school or academy, 20; of a normal 
course, 4 ; number of teachers of one teacher school who are graduates 
of a college or university, 6; of a normal school, 3 ; of a high school, 20; 
not graduates, but having completed at a high school or academy three 
years, 6; two years, 7; one year, 10; number of teachers employed who 
hold State certificates: one teacher school, 2; grades, 1; high school, 7; 
number of teachers employed who hold high school normal training cer- 
tificates, 25; first grade, 54; second grade, 30; third grade, 13; number of 
teachers employed who had no previous experience as teachers : one 
teacher school, 10; grades, 4; high school, 1 ; total 15; number of colored 
teachers employed in one teacher schools, females, 2 ; average length of 
time spent by county superintendent in actual school inspection, two 

One hundred and twenty-six teachers took reading circle during the 
year. Sixty-two of the one teacher districts have school district libraries 
with 4,342 volumes. Twelve of the two teacher schools have libraries in 
which there are 2,542 volumes. The school census for 1914 showed 
5,229 pupils of school age. Total taxable value of school districts of 
Johnson county, 1914, $16,562,577.00. 



Promoting Early Railroads and Voting Bonds — Pioneer Railroad 

Railroads. — Johnson county people, from the start, were boosters for 
railroads. An election was held November 7, 1865, and $100,000 bonds 
were voted to aid the Kansas City & Neosho Valley railroad. This 
road became, August 10, 1868, "The Missouri River, Ft. Scott' & Golf" 
and later the "Kansas City, Ft. Scott & Gulf," and is now "The St. 
Louis & San Francisco railroad," a line from the mouth of the Kaw 
river to Galveston, Tex. Work was begun at the Kansas City end in 
1866. The line was open to Olathe in December, 1868, and completed 
to Ft. Scott in 1869. It enters the county near the northeast corner, 
runs in a general southwest direction, leaving the county near the cen- 
ter of its southern boundary. On the sixth day of April, 1869,. another elec- 
tion was held on the question of issuing $100,000 in bonds in aid of each 
of two railroads, the St. Louis, Lawrence & Denver, and the Kansas 
City & Santa Fe. There had been two elections on this proposition 
prior to this, dnd the bonds were defeated, but at this election they car- 
ried by a vote of 1,301 for and 627 against, over two to one in favor of 
the bond issue. The St. Louis, Lawrence & Denver was built from 
Lawrence to Pleasant Hill in 1871. The branch of this road running 
from Olathe to Pleasant Hill is now known as the Clinton Branch, and 
belongs to the St. Louis & San Francisco railroad. The part from Cedar 
Junction to Olathe is no longer operated, the ties and rails having been 
removed by its purchasers, the Frisco road. This part of the road never 
paid. It was known, locally, as the "Calamity railroad." The road bed 
follows the winding stream of Cedar creek to Cedar Junction. The sta- 
tion of Red Bud, a half-way point between Olathe and Cedar Junction, 
at one time shipped considerable grain from the surrounding country. 
Dave Hubbell and Charles Pettigrew did the buying and shipping from 
this point. This road was named the "Calamity railroad" by the farm- 
ers along the line, and after it had been abandoned they helped them- 
selves to the ties and rails, and when the railroad was sold later, the 
buyers had a hard time finding their property. The grade of this road 
was so great that a car started from Olathe would run to Cedar Junc- 
tion without the aid of an engine, but it was necessary to have a brake- 
man to check the car in rounding the curves. Sometime when Johnson 
county desires to build a beautiful driveway through the most pictur- 
esque part of the country they will find this old road bed awaiting them 
with the grading already done. 




















I o 



I— 1 













The Kansas City & Santa Fe road was built as far as Ottawa in 1870, 
and is now a part of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe system. 

In the year 1873 tne county refused to pay interest on the first issue 
of the bonds, on the ground of alleged illegality of their issue. A law- 
suit resulted which terminated in a compromise. Immediately after 
agreeing on terms, a sinking fund was established and at present $5,000 
per year is being paid, and $10,000 per annum will be paid, beginning 
in 1918. The present railroad bond indebtedness is $140,000. 

The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company was char- 
tered December 12, 1895, an< ^ was the successor of the Atchison, Topeka 
& Santa Fe Railroad Company, whose property was sold under fore- 
closure December 10, 1895, and possession taken January 1, 1896. 

On February 11, 1859, the Atchison & Topeka Railroad Company 
was granted a charter, and on March 3, 1863, the name was changed to 
the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company. 

The building of the line was started from Topeka, beginning in 
October, 1868, and was completed to the Colorado border by 1873. The 
line between Atchison & Topeka was not begun until 1871, and was 
finished in May, 1872. 

The road from Topeka to Lawrence was built in 1874 by the Kansas 
Midland Railroad Company, successors to the Lawrence & Topeka Rail- 
road Company, which had commenced work on the prospective line in 
1871. The line from Kansas City to De Soto was likewise built by the 
Kansas Midland in the summer of 1874. The connecting line road 
between Lawrence and De Soto was the St. Louis, Lawrence & Den- 
ver, which company had filed articles of incorporation July 22, 1867, 
with the purpose of building a road from Pleasant Hill, Mo., to Law- 
rence, and thence west to Denver. This road from Lawrence to Pleas- 
ant Hill was purchased, and that portion between Lawrence and De Soto 
consolidated with the Kansas Midland, under the name of the Kansas 
City, Topeka & Western railroad, and leased by the Atchison, Topeka 
& Santa Fe Railroad Company, October 1, 1875, thus giving a direct 
line from Topeka to Kansas City. 

The Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern Railroad Company was 
granted a charter on February 12, 1858, under the name of the Leaven- 
worth, Lawrence & Ft. Gibson Railroad Company. On February 24. 
1866, the name was changed to Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston. 
In 1867 the line was built from Lawrence to Ottawa, and in 1870 the 
road was extended from Ottawa south to Thayer, and in 1871 to Coffey- 
ville. In 1870 a line was constructed from Ottawa to Olathe by the 
Kansas City & Santa Fe railroad, which company, upon the completion 
of this line, made a lease in perpetuity to the Leavenworth, Lawrence 
& Galveston. From Olathe to Kansas City, to Leavenworth, Lawrence 
and Galveston used into Kansas City the track of the Missouri river, 
Ft. Scott & Gulf (now Frisco). On August 9, 1878, the Leavenworth, 
Lawrence & Galveston was sold under foreclosure and the name changed 


to Lawrence & Galveston. On March 29, 1879, the Lawrence & Gal- 
veston, the Kansas City & Santa Fe and the Southern Kansas railroad 
companies were consolidated, and assumed the name of the Kansas 
City, Lawrence & Southern Railroad Company. This line was pur- 
chased in 1880 by the Kansas City, Topeka & Western Railroad Com- 
pany. In 1881 the Santa Fe completed a line between Olathe and Cho- 
teau, a station near Holliday, to connect with the main line out of Kan- 
sas City. The line of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Com- 
pany from Kansas City to Chicago was completed April 29, 1888, by the 
Chicago, Santa Fe & California Railroad Company. 

The Missouri & Kansas interurban railway was built in the years 
1905-06 and has 18.8 miles of road in Johnson county. This road is 
without a bridge and the high waters have never interfered in any way 
with its operation. Overland Park is situated on this line, and here a 
fast growing town is located. It has numerous stations along the line 
at convenient points for farmers and its traffic in milk and other farm 
products shows a steady increase. 

The Missouri Pacific railroad, Central Kansas division, enters Ken- 
neth on the State line and runs southwesterly through Oxford and 
Aubry townships into Miami county. . The thriving little town of Stil- 
well is located on this line. This was formerly the Kansas City South- 
western railroad and was built in 1886 and 1887. 

The Kansas City & Topeka electric railway has a line running from 
Kansas City through Merriam and Shawnee to within one-half mile 
of Zarah. It has 9.55 miles of track in Johnson county. 


W. W. Fagan, of Olathe, was a prominent factor in early-day rail- 
roading in Johnson county. 

From the time that I could read print the writer remembers the name 
"W. W. Fagan." In the early days when papers were not so plentiful 
as now, everything in the papers was read, and the superintendent of a 
railroad was as big a sight as that of a governor or congressman. When 
the writer called on Mr. Fagan at his home in Olathe he was at work 
in the yard, and on being informed that I wished to talk of early rail- 
roading in Kansas he invited me to the porch, and between the puffs 
of his favorite pipe, we were back to the early days of the Santa Fe and 
the Missouri River, Ft. Scott & Gulf roads so closely interwoven with 
Johnson's county's early history. "The first money that the Kansas 
Midland railroad earned, now the Santa Fe, between Kansas City and 
Topeka," said Mr. Fagan, "was on Monday, April 27, 1874. It was 
made by hauling passengers from Tecumseh, four miles east of Topeka, 
to Topeka to the New York and New Orleans circus. This road was 
building from Topeka, east to Kansas City, at the time." The bill 
advertising this excursion was printed by the Topeka "Record," Frank 


P. Baker's papers and the form was set up by Will Walters, foreman now 
of the Hudson Kimberly Printing Company, of Kansas City. Mr. Wat- 
ers also set up the forms for the time table No. 1 and 3 following: 
Here is a copy of the bill notifying the public of the excursion. 

The Kansas Midland Railroad will run extra trains from end of 
track near Tecumseh to Topeka for the benefit of those wishing to 
attend the great New York and New Orleans Circus, Monday, April 
27, 1874. Trains leave Tecumseh at 10 a. m. and return at 5 p. m. 
Trains leave Tecumseh at 6 p. m. and return after close of night per- 
formance. Fare forty cents good for the round trip. Tickets good Mon- 
day, April 27, 1874. T. J. Anderson, general ticket agent. W. W. Fagan, 
general superintendent. 

Time table No three follows. At the time this table was issued Mr. 
Fagan was conductor on the Santa Fe road and he superseded T. J. 
Peter as superintendent a short time after this time table was issued. 
The time table No. one of the Kansas Midland railroad between Topeka 
and Kansas City follows No. three. 

Time table No. three of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad, 
shown below, is in the possession of W. W. Fagan. 


To Take Effect Thursday, September 23, 1869. 


Bound Westward Bound Eastward 

Passenger Mixed Passenger Mixed 

No. 3 No. 1. No. 2 No. 4. 

Lv. 1 105 Lv.' 7 :oo North Topeka Ar. 1 1 -.38 Lv. 6 :20 

p. m. a. m. a. m. p. m. 

Lv. 1:20 Lv. 7:15 Topeka Ar. 11:24 Ar. 0:0 ° 

Lv. 1:35 Lv. 7:35 Challenders Ar. 11:08 Ar. 5:47 

Lv. 1:45 Lv. 7:48 Cottonwood Grove Ar. 10:58 Ar. 5:30 

Lv. 2:00 Lv. 8:03 Wakarusa Ar. 10:43 Ar. 5 :0 5 

Lv. 2:20 Lv. 8:25 Carbondale Ar. 10:25 Ar. 4:20 

Lv. 2:35 Lv. 8:43 Gables Ar. 10:10 Lv. 4:00 

Ar. 2:50 Ar. 9:00 Burlingame Lv. 9:55 a. m. 

Employes will be governed by rules and signals on time card No. 
two. T. J. Peters, superintendent. 

Trains run daily except Sunday. 

No. 3 

No. 1 





A. M. 

P. M. 

Ar. 9:50 

Ar. 4:25 

Ar. 9:20 

Ar. 4:00 

Ar. 9:13 

Ar. 3:50 

Ar. 9:05 

Ar. 3:43 

Ar. 8:50 

Ar. 3:33 

Ar. 8:37 

Ar. 3:17 

Lv. 8:15 

Lv. 3 :oo 

p. m. 

No. 2 

No. 4 

St. L. Ex. 




P. M. 

P. M. 

Lv. 1 105 

Lv. 5:40 

Lv. 1 128 

Lv. 6:10 

Lv. 1:37 

Lv. 6:20 

Lv. 1 :44 

Lv. 6:28 

Lv. 1:53 

Lv. 6:40 

Lv. 2 -.07 

Lv. 6:55 

Ar. 2 125 

Ar. 7:15 

p. m. 

p. "m . 



Time Table No. 1. 

To take effect Saturday, June 13, 1874 




Chandlers Mill 



Lake View 


Standard Time in Telegraph Office at S. F. R. R. 

A. Daily. B. Daily Except Sunday. 

The Santa Fe railroad began to build its road at Topeka, Kan., June 5, 
1869. It shipped its material over the Kansas Pacific to Topeka, this 
road having already reached there. Mr. Fagan was conductor on the 
Santa Fe, from Topeka to Redding Station, near Emporia, when he 
was also superintendent. T. J. Peter was superintendent of the con- 
struction gang. Mr. Fagan left the Santa Fe road in 1874, and took" 
charge of the Kansas Midland from Topeka to Kansas City, Mo. The 
road was built to Lawrence in June 74. Wyandotte county had voted 
$250,000 bonds for this road and the time was about to expire for hav- 
ing trains into Kansas City, in order to get these bonds, so the Santa 
ran trains over the Pleasant Hill and Lawrence road to 01athe r 
then up the Frisco and in this way got the bonds, "And bonds were 
very essential to railroad building in the early days," said Mr. Fagan, 
"for that was the only way we had of getting any money, for we hadn't 
any ourselves," and Mr. Fagan laughed. 

There was a good deal of truth in the statement, too, yet the bonds 
were not alone sufficient to build the road, but these and the mort- 
gages on the rolling stock and road bed, built the early roads in the 
State. "It cost only about $8,000 a mile, in those days, to build a 
road," said Mr. Fagan. The early roads used a forty-five to fifty-pound 
rail, while now the roads use ninety-pound rails. The ties, too, were 
cheaper, and the right of way was often given through the farms. There 
was a little trick, too, in getting the right of way. One of these was to 
make a survey between a man's house and barn. This, of course, would 
raise a protest and the farmer would often say: "I would rather give 
you the right of way through the field yonder, than to be paid for it 
and have it through here." And in this way, the right of way often- 


times cost nothing. The capacity of the freight cars in the early days 
was from 18,000 to 20,000 pounds. Now the freight cars average 
80,000 to 100,000 pounds capacity, and the roadbed must be constructed 
accordingly. Two hundred and eighty-eight miles of the Central Branch 
road were built at a cost of about $11,000 per mile, including depots. 
In the early days of the Central Branch, when Mr. Fagan had his office 
at Atchison, Kan., an engineer, by he name of Joe Ellison, ran a freight 
train, with cars of 20,000 pounds capacity, stock cars behind the engine. 
Fifteen to seventeen of these cars made a load at the time for an engine 
and Joe's report showed he had seventeen cars in his train. Mr. Fagan 
was a crank in having trains on time, and a rule was in effect on the 
road that if a train was fifteen minutes late, or over, a report must be 
made, giving the reason. The train left Effingham fifty minutes late, 
and was still later on its arrival at Atchison. Mr. Fagan wanted to know 
the reason at once, when Joe arrived, and asked, "What's the matter 
with No. 17?" "Nothing," Joe answered, "You reported only seven- 
teen cars at Effingham," said Mr. Fagan. "Hold on, hold on," said 
Joe, "we had fiifteen cars and two elevators." The elevators were some 
new 40,000-pound capacity cars, loaded with shelled corn. At a later 
date, when Joe was running a passenger train, an accident occurred, 
between Waterville and Goff, Kan., on account of a broken rail. Two 
cars went off the track, leaving the engine and mail cars standing. As 
no one was injured, Joe loaded the passengers into the mail car and 
proceeded, without even notifying headquarters. When he arrived 
at Atchison, the superintendent, noting the absence of the two cars, 
asked: "Joe, what's the matter this morning?" "Struck a knot out 
there near Goff, and left two cars out there," Joe nonchalantly replied. 
"The Central Branch ought to have been one of the best-paying roads 
in the West," said Mr. Fagan. Mr. Fagan had kept weighbill No. 2 as 
a keepsake for a car of lumber from Atchison, Kan., to Waterville. 
The rate was $100.00 for the car or $1.00 per mile. When Jay Gould 
came west, he showed it to him, and Mr. Gould wanted it, saying he 
would photograph it and return it to him. Mr. Fagan let him have it, 
but that was the last he ever saw of it. "Harstick and Ray, two old 
steamboat men, built the Pleasant Hill & Lawrence railroad," said Mr. 
Fagan. It had no business from the start and the Santa Fe & Frisco 
bought the line. Mr. Fagan said, when they took the rails up, several 
years after the road had been abandoned, about 1903, there were trees 
2^2 to 3 inches in diameter, growing in the road bed. This road was 
called the Calamity Road, by the farmers. The rails were useless and 
sold for junk. Mr. Fagan was some railroad operator. In 1875 he 
went to the Hannibal & St. Joe railroad, staying 'till 1880. Then with 
the Central Branch until 1887, then in March, 1887, to the Missouri 
River, Ft. Scott & Gulf, now the Frisco. Colonel Coates and others, of 
Kansas City, built this road to Olathe and ran out of money after they 
had built this far. A few months later they raised more funds and 


built on to La Cygne, and the next year to Ft. Scott. "We had to work 
and plan," said Mr. Fagan, "to get funds. First we would get the 
county to vote bonds, then we would get the townships through which 
the road passed, and then go after the cities for what they would 
stand and we got the bonds in nearly every case. Ties used to cost 
about forty cents each, and now are worth about sixty-two cents. 
Speaking of how the timber has grown in value since the '70's, Mr. 
Fagan said he could show me four places along the Frisco where at 
four different times saw-mills had been operated each time, using all 
timber, then the cypress, then the pine, and later the black gum. 
This, for a while, was considered worthless, but now is in great demand 
for furniture. Mr. Fagan, at one time, bought 52,000 acres of timber 
that cost about fifty-five cents per thousand. Then they cut off the log 
at the first knot, now they use it to the top. The timber that cost fifty- 
five cents would be worth at the present time, $5.00 per thousand. 

Michael McCarty, a pioneer railroad man, of Johnson county, was 
born in Cincinnati, Ohio, December 26, 1844. He married Adoresta 
Thompson, in 1873. He has two children living, Elizabeth and Charles 
Randall. One infant died at the age of four months. Mr. McCarty 
came here in 1868, worked for Hannibal railroad, from Liberty to Har- 
lem, was superintendent of construction train. Laid track from here to 
Baxter Spring-s, Mo., on the Missouri River, Ft. Scott & Gulf road, 
and had 100 to 150 men under him. He laid track to Olathe, in 1868, 
and got to Baxter Springs on June 21, 1871. He came here with Oscar 
H. Chanute, from Ohio. Chanute, Kan. took its name from Mr. Cha- 
nute. Mr. McCarty laid from three-fourths to one mile of rails per day, 
of ten to twelve hours. He laid the track from Pleasanton to Colony 
for the Missouri Pacific, and from Hillsboro, 111., to St. Louis, Mo., on 
the Clover Leaf. AVhen laying the track for the former road, at Mound. 
City, the hands struck, without notice, just at a critical time, as it was 
necessary to get the road into Mound City by a certain date in order 
to get the bonds. Robert Kincaid was on the board of commissioners 
at the time, and the board extended the time thirty days, giving the 
road time to complete the laying of the rails. A bridge was constructed 
across the river at this place, just at the beginning of a rainy spell, and 
Mr. McCarty saved the bridge from washing out, by placing ten car- 
loads of railroad iron on the structure. Mr. McCarty was at the dedica- 
tion of the Hannibal bridge in Kansas City, July 4, 1869. This bridge 
has stood the test ever since, and now, forty-six years after its comple- 
tion, a new one is to be constructed. Mr. McCarty laid track for the 
following roads : Covington to Louisville, Ky. ; west part of Eads 
bridge- at St. Louis, Mo.; Hannibal & St. Joe; Missouri River, Ft. 
Scott & Gulf; Olathe, Holliday & Santa Fe; Lawrence, Topeka & 
Santa Fe; Pleasanton & Colony; Hillsdale, 111. to East St. Louis; Kan- 
sas City to Paola for Missouri Pacific. He also put in the Y at the 
Frisco, and laid the side track at Edgerton. 



The Organization and Progress of the Grange in Johnson County — The 
Grange Insurance Company. 

The National Grange, or Patrons of Husbandry, was organized in 
Washington, D. C, December 4, 1867. Its father was O. H. Kelly, a 
clerk in the department of agriculture at Washington, D. C. While 
on a trip in the South, gathering statistics on rural conditions, he con- 
ceived the idea of a secret society for farmers, for the protection and 
advancement of their interests, with the result that the above organiza- 
tion was made. 

Gardner Grange, No. 68, organized in 1873, was the first Grange 
organized in Johnson county. During this year, and the first few 
months of 1874, thirty-six Granges were organized, with a membership 
of 1,200. The Johnson County Co-Operation Association was organized 
in July, 1876, with a capital stock of $900, with H. C. Livermore, man- 
ager. In 1882 the capital stock was increased to $40,000 and later, 1883, 
to $100,000, and in 1914, when the Edgerton store was sold it was 
reduced to $85,000, where it remains at present. 

On Saturday evening, November 7, 1903, the main building at Olathe 
burned down, and the entire stock of goods was destroyed. The next 
day the directors met and decided to go ahead, and a new building was 
completed on the old site, in 1904. It is a two-story structure, 125 
feet front and 143 feet deep. In the spring of 1884, by action of the 
association, a printing department was established, which published 
the Kansas "Patron," a weekly paper under the supervision of George 
Black, the secretary of the State Grange. This paper continued until 
the burning of the store in 1903, when it was discontinued. Mr. Black 
was for twenty-five years the secretary of the State Grange, and 
much of its value as a progressive organization for the betterment of 
rural communities was due to his ability and efficiency. For a num- 
ber of years the Grange had branch stores at Edgerton, Gardner. 
Prairie Center and Stanley, but these proving unprofitable have been 
disposed of, the one at Edgerton to members of the Grange, and the 
others to private parties. Mr. Livermore served as manager for thirty- 
two years, and was succeeded by W. W. Frye, who for many years had 
been manager of the Stanley branch store. He stayed with them five 
years and was succeeded by Garrett, and Mr. Garrett by Ed. Blair of 
Spring Hill, who was followed by C. V. Frey, the present manager. 
The store at the present time carries a stock of $50,000 and its annual 
sales are $150,000. 



The Patrons Fire and Tornado Association, of Kansas, was organized 
under a special enactment of the legislature of Kansas, Laws of 1889, 
chapter 162. 

Its purpose is to carry the insurance of Kansas farmers, who are 
members of the Grange, on their property against fire and lightning, 
tornado and wind-storm. 

The charter limits the association to members of the order of the 
Patrons of Husbandry, and in territory to the State of Kansas. 

The association is not conducted for profit, but endeavors to give 
insurance at cost, and is strictly mutual, all the members contributing 
their proportionate share toward paying the losses and expense of man- 

The association is solvent, that is, it can stop business any day and 
pay back every policy holder the unearned premium on his policy, some- 
thing that it never could have done prior to the assessment of 1913. 

The reserve fund is invested as follows : 

In bonds which net the association five per cent $35,800.00 

On certificate of deposit at four per cent 17,918.54 

Interest collected on reserve funds 1,545.17 

This association, on December, 31, 1914, had a total insurance in 

force of $19,780,841 .00 

December 31, 1913 . - 18,184,198.00 

Total insurance expiring in 1913 deducted from 1914 141,400.00 

Net gain during the year 1914 $1,738,043.00 

Balance in treasury December 31, 1913 $55>9°4~39 

Received in premiums $ ZStt 1 ^ 

Received in interest 1,545.17 


Total $93,021.34 

This company was organized in 1889 in the Olathe Grange Hall, and 
the writer, then living at Cadmus, was present. Several meetings had 
been called, but enough policies could not be gotten together to total 
$50,000 risk, the amount required to make the start. A motion was made 
that each one of the seventeen members present stand for an assessment 
of $1,000, in case it should be needed, as this, with $33,000 in applica- 
tions, would equalize the assessment on the policies applied for. The 
motion was carried and the policies issued. If I remember right, we 
had $400,000.00 of risks before we had a loss, and this was a slight one. 
I. D. Hibner, the secretary, was an enthusiast and kept the mails warm 


to the agents of the Grange in different parts of the State, urging them 
to hustle for business, and they did. After the first assessment there 
was no question as to the stability of the new insurance company, for 
the members responded quickly and without friction. The association 
now has a neat and commodious fireproof building, in which it conducts 
its business and keeps its records. This company is now under the 
supervision of John Thorn, secretary, a most reliable and efficient man, 
with his able assistant, W. S. Whitford. W. C. Brown, of Monticello 
township, is its president and a thoroughly capable and wideawake 



What The First Woman Saw Here — An Interview with Jonathan Milli- 
kan — Henry Wedd — Some Early Day Events in Johnson County and 
Kansas — A Pioneer's Recollections — A Story of Early Days — Fifty 
Years After — Reminiscences — A Retrospective View — Yeager Raid 

(By Mrs. Emily 'L. Millikan.) 

On May 2.7, 1858, fifty years ago last May, in company with my 
brother, Dr. J. B. Whittier, I arrived in Olathe, the first woman resi- 
dent of our now beautiful city. We came from Manchester, N. H., 
by rail to Jefferson City, Mo., the then terminus of the railroad, and 
came by steamboat from that point to Kansas City. At St. Louis we 
had stopped at the Planters' House, where the accommodations were 
very poor. The rats were by far the most numerous guests, although 
there were not so many as found in Kansas City. There was but one 
hotel in the latter place, which, with one small store, and a few small 
dwelling houses near the river, constituted what is now the thriving 
metropolis at the mouth of the Kaw. 

There was a stage route from Kansas City to Santa Fe which ran 
once a month, but as we did not happen to be lucky enough to meet 
it, we had to remain in Kansas City all night. The second day we got 
a conveyance in the shape of a covered wagon for Olathe. This I con- 
sidered quite romantic, as I had never seen one of the kind before. 

After leaving Shawnee Mission, we passed only a few shanties on. 
our way to Olathe as we followed the old Santa Fe Trail, arriving at 
Indian Creek about dark. There we found a kind of an Indian hotel, 
with meager accommodations, but preferred to sleep in the wagon, while 
my brother and the man that drove the team slept under it. That was 
my first experience in camping out. 

Some time during the night there was a long train of Mexicans passed 
near by where we were camped for the night. This disturbed my slum- 
bers considerably, as they made such a tremendous noise by the bellow- 
ing of cattle and the cracking of whips. You could hear them in the 
stillness of the night for miles away. Their wagons were as near like 
a boat on wheels as anything I can think of. Each wagon was drawn 
by six yoke of oxen, and sometimes with more, and a Mexican, mounted, 
riding as driver, shouting and cracking his whip. There were often 
as many as forty or fifty wagons in the train, and it was not uncommon 


to see a large number of oxen or mules following, to be used, a sup- 
ply, in case one of the animals of the .team died. 

Well, we got through the night all right. In the morning we started 
quite early for Olathe, and as we came up the hill, in front of where 
we now live, in full view of the little town the early morning sun 
shone on the prairie covered with beautiful flowers, and I thought it 
looked "beautiful, O-la-the." We soon arrived in Olathe, our destina- 
tion. The words of the poet, Whittier, came to my mind : 

"We crossed the prairies, as of old 
The Pilgrim crossed the sea, 
To make the West, as they the East, 
The homestead of the free." 

Fifty years have added to the convenience of living in Olathe, but 
have not added to the beauty of the spot. We found Mr. Connor, my 
brother's partner, ready to welcome us. They had come here in April 
and made arrangements to open a hotel, and then my brother had 
returned to Manchester, for me. 

There were only fifteen young men here then, and no women. The 
first woman I saw after I came were two big squaws who unexpectedly 
stuck their heads through a broken pane of glass in the room where 
I was, and greatly startled me. I invited them in and chatted with them 
a while, although I couldn't understand a word they said. It was three 
weeks after arriving in Olathe before I saw a white woman. Mr. Con- 
nor went down near Edgerton and got a girl to work for us. She, 
who is now Mrs. Martin Ott, and a friend of hers stopped with us for 
a while at the hotel. After that my brother went to Kansas City and 
got a woman to work in the hotel, by the name of Mary Whalen, after- 
wards known as Mary Tappy or Mary Kirby. It has been said that 
she was the second woman here, but that is a mistake. She had a lit- 
tle girl by the name of Mary Ann Whalen, about six months old, I 
think, when she came here. 

The first white child born in Olathe, that I have any knowledge 
of, was a daughter of James Hamilton. She was born in the first 
dwelling house built in Olathe. This house was built by Jonathan 
Millikan and now stands on Poplar street on the north side between 
Cherry Street and Kansas Avenue. There was, however, a colored 
child, a slave, born previous to that on the north side of the square. 

When I came here there was a small building on the north side of 
Santa Fe Avenue, near where the Hotel Olathe now stands, and a small 
store building on Kansas Avenue near the present site of the Avenue 
House. The latter was built by Dr. Barton and Charles A. Osgood, 
in which a grocery store was then kept by Herman Scott and Jacob 
Thuma. The hotel where I lived was the next building erected, con- 


sisting" of a kitchen and two bed rooms, in one side and another build- 
ing close by, so that one could step into the other, consisting of a din- 
ing room and office ; in the second story of the latter building there was 
only one room. This store stood near the northwest corner of Kansas 
and Santa Fe Avenues. There I lived until cold weather. Then my 
brother got me a place to board, with a family by the name of William 
Tuttle. He was one of the oldest settlers, and lived on a claim north 
of town, in a log house. I boarded there until after Henderson H. 
Boggs built the Avenue House, as it is called now, on the west side of 
Kansas Avenue. He kept it a while and sold it to Mr. Hobard and Mr. 
Thuma, who soon sold it to my brother. We lived there until three 
weeks before I was married to Mr. Millikan, which was on the twenty- 
fifth day of November, 1858. 

The first minister who preached in Olathe was an Episcopalian, by 
the name of Drummond. The next was a Southern Methodist, by the 
name of Rice, Charles Bowles, and then came I. C. Beach. Dr. Barton 
was the first physician. John M. Giffen printed the first newspaper, 
which was called the Olathe "Herald". John P. Campbell and Charles 
Mayo were the first lawyers. Colonel Burris and others came in 1858. 
C. E. Waldon established the first bank, in a small room where the 
north Odd Fellows' building is now located. Martin Ott was Olathe's 
first baker, and S. F. Hill handled the first stock of dry goods and gro- 
ceries and was our first postmaster. 

In the fall of 1858 J. B. Whittier sold out his interests in the hotel 
to Ben Dare, who, in turn, sold out to S. F. Hill and left town. Mr. 
Arnett taught the first school. The first death that I remember of 
was that of a gentleman from Ohio, by the name of Bishop. He died 
at the hotel and was buried in the old burying ground. It has been 
said that Mr. Jenkins' death was the first, but I believe that he died the 
following year in Spring Hill and was buried by the Masons. Mr. 
Millikan and I attended the funeral. 

I was here when Ouantrill plundered the town and heard the fatal 
shots that killed the Judy boys.. I was also here when he made the 
raid on Lawrence, and when the news came that he was coming to 
Olathe the second time on his return from Lawrence the men ran in all 
directions. We were happily disappointed, as Ouantrill passed farther 
south. Mr. Millikan, John P. Campbell, William Bronaugh and Jiles 
Milhoan had gone to Topeka on business and I thought they had about 
sufficient time to get back to Lawrence, but, fortunately, by stopping 
about ten miles the other side of Lawrence to get breakfast, they missed 
that terrible raid. They saw the ruin and havoc and dead and dying 
strewn all around town, a fearful sight, with women and children weep- 
ing on every side. 

I have seen Olathe grow from its infancy to be one of the most thriv- 
ing and beautiful towns in the State of Kansas, have been familiar with 


the various changes that have taken place in the citizenship and have 
known personally of its pleasures and its sadness. And I feel as only 
those can feel who have been here during- the fifty years covered by mv 
experiences here, so completely identified with its history in progress 
and success. 


The history of Johnson county could not be written without Jonathan 
Millikan's name coming in here and there on its pages, for Jonathan 
Millikan at the ripe old age of eighty-eight is still active and taking 
an interest in Olathe and Johnson county. 

"It is pretty hard for me to get up and move around very lively first," 
said he, "but I soon get straightened up, and go pretty well vet." Mr. 
Millikan still wears the smile that has won his place in the hearts of 
the people in Olathe. and he loves to talk of Olathe as it was when he 
first came here in 1857. Mr. Millikan was born in Monroe county, Indi- 
ana, January 2, 1827, and three years later moved with his parents to 
Parke county. In 1851 he made a trip to New Orleans on a flat boat, 
went twice to Iowa, taught school in Indiana, and in 1853 made two more 
trips to Iowa, then to Nebraska, and in 1857 came to Olathe, Kan. He 
purchased two quarters of land east of town, one for $450, the other for 
$400. Mr. Millikan made these purchases in t86o or 1861. He fenced 
both tracts with four rail "stake-and-rider" fence, hauling 2,000 of the 
rails from the Kaw river, twelve miles north. Mr. Millikan married an 
Olathe girl. Miss Emily L. Whittier, a second cousin of the poet, John 
Greenleaf Whittier. Four children were born to them, Minnie E., Mardie 
P>., Ella L. and Orian. Mrs. Millikan was the first white woman to 
locate in Olathe, and at the time of her marriage was assisting her 
brother, J. B. Whittier, who was operating a hotel in two small buildings 
near the southwest corner of the square. He called his hotel the Union 

Mr. Millikan remembers clearly Quantrill's raids of Olathe and Law- 
rence. He savs, "Jiles Milhoan's (J. H. Milhoan) being so counfounded 
lazy" is all that saved Mr. Bronaugh, Milhoan, Lawler Campbell and 
himself from being killed at Lawrence. This party of four had been to 
Topeka attending a trial in court and got through at 11 o'clock at 
night. Mr. Millikan had taken them up there in his wagon, and being 
anxious to get home he had the horses hitched ready to start back, 
intending to get to Lawrence for breakfast. Mr. Milhoan objected and 
said, "Lets lie down and take a nap first or we will all die for want of 
sleep." So they decided to do this. They slept in the wagon with their 
clothes on until 3 or 4 o'clock before they started, and got to Big Springs, 
where they stopped for breakfast. 

"Just after leaving P5ig Springs," said Mr. Milligan, "I saw a man 
coming horseback, waving his arms and acting as if he was either drunk 



or crazy. I didn't stop my team till he had passed us five or six steps. 
I thought we had better find out what was the matter with him, as 
I suspected something was wrong. When he spoke he said, 'For God's 
sake don't go further east as Ouantrill is in town, burning and killing 
everybody.' We halted then, and the man came up to the wagon and 
Campbell, 'Secesh' you know, made the remark, 'I am a law-abiding 
man.' I asked the man how many 'Rebs' 'there were with Ouantrill, 
and he said : 'Four thousand !' The man was almost scared to death. 
When we came on to 'Wakefield, five miles the other side of Lawrence, 
he told us that the 'Rebs' had left Lawrence then. We saw from the 
smoke rising in different places that they had gone toward Baldwin as 
they occasionally burned a house. When we saw they were going south 
we went on to Lawrence on a fast trot. When we reached there, it 
looked like nearly every one was killed — only a few living persons in 
sight. They had picked up nearly all the dead except those in the burned 
buildings. They had the churches cleared out and put the dead in there. 
I passed by a church that had two rows of dead in it. I saw fifteen or 
twenty buildings burned down. The bodies in these buildings were still 
so hot they were not disturbed. It was the most sorrowful looking sight 
I ever saw. A lady by the name of Gardner, I think she is living in Law- 
rence yet, a milliner at the time, said that they set fire to her house 
three different times, but she put it out. The last time the scoundrel 
started the fire he said to her: "Damn you, I'll kill you if you put that 
fire out !" But she was game, and put the fire out and was not molested. 
There was not a' frame house standing between her place and Eldridge 
Hotel. We stayed about an hour, would have stayed longer, but were so 
anxious to get home, as we feared Ouantrill might come to Olathe, as 
they had to come through Johnson county to get to Lawrence. 

Mr. Millikan has a Ouantrill flag that he picked up at the southeast 
corner of the square in Olathe, where the old Santa Fe marker now 
stands, the morning after Ouantrill's raid. The flag was picked up in 
the presence of Baty Mahaffie and Mr. Crockett. Mr. Millikan kept 
the flag hid in a straw stack for two years and then his wife kept it in 
the house for a long time. The flag now is in a glass case and has the 
following card attached to it : "This flag was picked up by Jonathan 
Millikan on the morning of September 7, 1862, after Ouantrill's raid." 
A figure in white representing a plant or tree perhaps, but looking much 
like a hand with the fingers off at the second joints, is in a blue square 
four by five inches, in one corner of the flag. Across the figure is em- 
broidered the word, "Quaint." A red bar two and one-half inches by 
twelve runs the full length of the flag. Then a white bar, two and one- 
half by eight, and another red bar the same size completes the flag, 
which is seven and one-half by twelve inches in size. It has thin tape 
binding around it. 

"My wife and I were sleeping in this house," said Mr. Millikan, 
"which stood on my other quarter of land, one-half mile east, when 


Ouantrill came that night, and we knew nothing- of the raid until 9 
o'clock the next morning". I was starting ont to hunt my horses, on 
the prairie, and met Baty Mahaffie, and with him and another man went 
to town. The town was badly riddled. Most of the windows had 
been broken, and many of the doors smashed in. One of our neighbors, 
Mr. Shriver, came into town with the report that he had found John J. 
Judy and his brother, James B. (who had enlisted in the Twelfth Kan- 
sas), dead on the prairie east of town on my claim. My wife and I had 
heard some shots during the night, but did not think anything of it as 
there was lots of shooting going on those days. We went out there at 
once and found the two brothers about one hundred yards east of the 
two cedar trees that stand near the Strang line railway." Mr. Millikan 
is a lover of antiques. He has a pewter dish which was used for pota- 
toes or a meat platter in 1790, and was one of the expensive dishes in 
those days. 

The following engraving tells its history : 

"This dish was used by Bey Millikan of North Carolina in 1780. 
Was made the property of Jonathan Millikan, Sr., of Indiana, in 1844, 
is now the property of Jonathan Millikan, Jr., of Kansas, 1907." 

Mr. Millikan also has a card printed at Quindaro, K. T., announcing 
the opening of the Olathe House in 1857. The hotel stood on the west 
side of the square. The card reads : 

"Olathe House, Olathe, Johnson Co., K. T. 

"The above house is now open for the accommodation of the travel- 
ing public where every attention will be paid those favoring us with 
a call. Whittier and Conner, 

Mr. Whittier was a brother-in-law of Mr. Millikan and is still living 
in Nebraska. 


Henry Wedd, Sr., of Lenexa, Kan., is one of the interesting old-timers 
of Johnson county and saw much of the border warfare in the early 
days. Mr. Wedd is ninety-four years old, September, 191 5, and he is 
still active in business affairs, and goes about alone on his visits and 
wherever his business may take him. He still stands erect and his 
neighbors call him that "Wedd boy." He came to Kansas in the spring 
of 1858, to Westport Landing, and his wife and five children came later 
in the fall. During the war Mr. Wedd had a lively time with the bush- 
whackers, and three different times escaped when they came for him. 
The first time, in 1863, thirty men rode up to his house, led there by a 
man who had worked for him. He heard the sabers rattle as the horses 
galloped over the prairie and got out of the house in time to see them 
first. They rode up to the house and called out : "Open the door and 
strike a light." Mrs. Wedd lit a lamp and opened the door for them 


and they searched the house, but not finding' him rode off. Two weeks 
later they came again and Mr. Wedd was in the house. He knew he 
dared not venture out, so slipped upstairs where his son, Charles, was 
sleeping on the floor. Charles was crippled with a white swelling and 
lay on the mattress on the floor. Mr. Wedd got under the mattress 
and Mrs. Wedd told the bushwhackers that he was not at home. After 
looking around they went outside to report, when, by accident, one of 
the men stumbled on the boots that Mrs. Wedd had thrown outside 
before they entered. On finding them they came back and told her 
that her husband was inside the house and that they were going upstairs 
to search. Ten or twelve of them went up and pulled Charles out of 
bed and discovered Mr. Wedd. He expected to be shot, but Mrs. Wedd 
begged the captain to spare him and they left, taking some things along, 
but leaving the pair of boots, as no one had feet large enough to wear 
them. Someone of the crowd said to another as they went out : "Don't 
let Wedd know who we are." Some of the men had masks on. 

Two weeks later the raiders came again, and a mile south of the 
Wedd's shot two men, one man eighty years old, by the name of Nor- 
ton. They also killed Reese Langford, a neighbor. Mr. Wedd heard 
the shots and said to his wife: "Mother, did you hear that? I'll bet 
they've got old man Norton and Reese Langford." He had guessed 
right. Mr. Norton, so feeble he could not stand alone, was held up 
in the doorway by the ruffians while others shot him. His son got out 
of an upstairs window, slid down the chimney and crawled away in 
the darkness without being discovered. Mr. Langford was called out 
and told he was wanted at the barn, and as he stepped out on the porch 
was shot dead. As the ruffians left, one of them made the remark, 
"We'll get the third one before daylight," meaning Mr. Wedd. Again 
they went to his house but Mr. Wedd having heard the shots was 
not at home when they came. However, they stole a horse and a 
span of mules. Mr. Wedd asked a Mr. Boyle, an Indian neighbor, to 
go with him to Lawrence to hunt for them. The day they got there 
they found a man riding the stolen horse carrying a sack of flour. Mr. 
Wedd went up to him and said: "Get right off, you're on my horse. I 
can prove it." Mr. Wedd tried to prove his claim by the testimony of 
the Indian but this was objected to. Then Mr. Wedd told them he 
would bring witnesses from Olathe. While in Lawrence at this time 
a Red Leg rode up behind him and shot at him twice. Prior to this 
time, Mr. Wedd had hauled some wounded soldiers from the Missouri 
line to Olathe and refused to accept pay for his services, stating that 
in the future he might ask a favor. The officer in charge of Olathe's 
soldiers at that time was still there, and Mr. Wedd went to Olathe to 
see him. He wrote a note to the commander of troops at Leavenworth, 
where the mules had been transferred and sold to the Government in 
the meantime, saying: "Get them at any cost, whatever it may be," and 


gave the note to Mr. Wedd. Mr. Wedd then went to Leavenworth and 
in an hour had possession of the mules. While returning" with his 
mules, three Red Legs passed him and the Indian, and Mr. Wedd, guess- 
ing that their intention was to kill him and take the mules, changed 
his route, going by Choteau's ferry, and arrived safely home. 

Later he sold the team for $300. Mr. Wedd had this span of mules 
stolen three different times. Once he found them in an old house at 
Wea, near Bucyrus, and another time they came home with a sixty- 
foot rope to them. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wedd celebrated their golden wedding July 3, 1896, 
with their seven children, grandchildren and a host of friends. Mrs. 
Wedd died December 1, 1908. 



(By John T. Burris.) 

As to whether Judge Burris still remembers this period of Kansas his- 
tory his own account of it is the best evidence. 

"I was elected to the Wyandotte convention as one of Johnson coun- 
ty's two representatives by a majority of but two votes," he said. 
"That shows how close Johnson county was on the question of slavery. 
My colleague was J. T. Barton, who was the caucus nominee of the 
pro-slavery party for president of the convention. 

"I came to Olathe in 1858 from Washington county, Iowa, where I 
had home-steaded and practiced law since my return from the Mexican 
war. Kansas already had made three attempts to frame a constitution 
when in March, 1859, the votevs of the territory, under an act of the 
legislature, declared for a fourth convention. The election of delegates 
took place June 7. I had been a Whig all my life, but the Kansas Dem- 
ocrats had proclaimed themselves an anti-Lecompton Free State party, 
and these were my views also. I accepted that party's nomination as 
delegate from Johnson county and was elected. 

"The convention met in Wyandotte, now Kansas City, Kan., on July 
5, and remained in session twenty-four days. I did not share the fear 
entertained by some that the convention stood in any danger from the 
lawless element that had terrorized the Free State population of the 
territory since the beginning of the struggle for supremacy here. 
Although the pro-slavery minority fought the constitution from the 
start to the finish and finally refused to sign it, when adopted there were 
no turbulent or violent scenes during the deliberations of the conven- 
tion. J. P. Slough, of Leavenworth county, was the leader of the minor- 
ity and a little more inclined to be combative than the others. He had 
been a member of the Ohio legislature and was expelled from that body 


on account of a fighting- propensity, I believe. Once he threw off his 
coat in the convention and was going to 'lick' somebody, but the ser- 
geant-at-arms subdued him. Slough, however, was an able lawyer, and 
following an honorable career in the army, where he attained the rank 
of brigadier general, he became chief justice of the supreme court of 
New Mexico. Many others of the convention attained equal distinction. 
Samuel A. Kingman, of Brown county, became chief justice of the Kan- 
sas Supreme Court. Kingman was from Massachusetts and took a lead- 
ing part in the convention. Benjamin F. Simpson, of Lykins county, a 
lawyer from Ohio, was the first attorney general of the new State. W. 
R. Griffin, of Bourbon county, was the first superintendent of public 
instruction. John A. Martin, secretary of the convention, became the 
governor of Kansas. Better known, of course, to this generation, were 
John Ingalls and Edmund G. Ross. Ingalls sat for Atchinson county 
with Caleb May and Robert Graham. He was one of the younger men 
of the convention, but even then had begun to develop the oratorical 
powers that afterwards held the attention of the Senate, and the country. 
Very appropriately, he was chairman of the committee on phraseology 
and arrangement, and whatever literary merit the constitution may have 
is due to him. Ross was a printer and ran a weekly newspaper at 
Topeka. I do not recall what his special activities were in the conven- 
tion. At a later period when his vote in the Senate saved President 
Johnson from impeachment he clashed with public opinion in Kansas, 
and became a target for the most violent abuse. I have always believed, 
however, that he acted properly and from the purest motives. 

"The Wyandotte convention met in a building that stood near the 
river. It long since has disappeared and I doubt if I could identify its 
site today. The sessions began at 9 o'clock and usually ended at supper 
time. Occasionally, however, night sessions were held. The lineup of 
the members was determined when the convention organized. The Free 
State vote of thirty-five was given to J. M. Winchell, of Osage county, for 
president, and J. T. Barton received the seventeen votes of the opposi- 
tion. The first thing the convention did when it got down to business 
was to accept the constitution of Ohio as a model. This was not ac- 
complished without debate. Some fifteen states of the Union were rep- 
resented in the convention, and opinion was greatly divided as to which 
one had the best organic law. Another question requiring early set- 
tlement was the boundary dispute. There was a strong movement to 
include in the new State that portion of Nebraska lying south of the 
Platte river, and a delegation from that territory appeared and asked to 
be seated. In the western part of the territory the county of Arapahoe 
had some claim to admission, also, but neither proposition met with 

"The constitution was voted on and adopted section by section as 
reported by committees. The debates were usually animated but short. 


Nearly everyone had something to say, but few long speeches were 
made. There was some lively discussion over the sixth section of the 
bill of rights, which excluded slavery, but more over the language of it 
than anything else, because there never was any doubt about the exclu- 
sion of slavery. That was what the convention had met for. As reported 
to the convention the language of the section was that of the ordinance 
of 1787 and used subsequently in the Thirteenth amendment that neither 
slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, 
whether the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist. The 
objection made was that imprisonment for crime was not slavery and 
that the words were meaningless — applied to Kansas, where slavery 
had never existed. The section as adopted was a compromise. The his- 
toric words were retained, preceded by the plain declaration, 'there 
shall be no slavery in this State.' An attempt to secure the suspension 
of the operation of this section for a year after the admission of the 
State marked the last stand of the pro-slavery men in the convention. 
The resolution was voted down twenty-eight to eleven." 

Following the adjournment of the convention Mr. Burris stumped 
Johnson county to urge the adoption of the constitution at the election 
which was held on October 4, 1859. On that day 15,951 Kansans went 
to the polls and the constitution was ratified by a majority of 4,891. 

Judge Burris was born December 22, 1828, in Butler county, Ohio, 
when he was eleven years old, his parents moved to Kentucky and 
at eighteen he rode horseback to Washington county, Iowa, where a 
new home was made. At the outbreak of the Mexican war he enlisted 
and served throughout the hostilities. Returning to Iowa, he studied 
law and was admitted to the bar there in 1853. Two years later he was 
elected judge of the county court and served in that capacity two years, 
when he determined to seek a larger field in the new territory of Kansas. 

After the adoption of the Wyandotte constitution Mr. Burris was 
elected to the Territorial legislature in i860. When President Lincoln 
was inaugurated he went to Washington and was commissioned a ser- 
geant in Gen. James H. Lanes's company of Frontier Guards, which 
was detailed to guard Mr. Lincoln until the arrival of regular troops 
in Washington. For about three weeks in April and May, 1861, the com- 
pany was quartered in the White House. When the company was dis- 
banded President Lincoln appointed Mr. Burris district attorney for Kan- 
sas and he returned to the new State. 

In the fall of 1861 he enlisted in the Fourth Kansas infantry, later 
reorganized at the Tenth Kansas volunteers, and served throughout 
the war. During Gen. Sterling Prices's Missouri raid he fought at 
Lexington, at the Big and Little Blue, Westport, Mine Creek and New- 

"Price chased us from Lexington to Westport and we chased him 
from Westport to the Osage river," Judge Burris said in speaking of 


this period. "My family could plainly hear the cannonading at the Blue 
at our home in Olathe. I managed to get a telegram to them and they 
packed up and went to Lawrence, as did most of the inhabitants of the 
town. At that time I was doubtful of our ability to check Price's 

At the close of the war Judge Burris was again elected to the legisla- 
ture and was chosen speaker of the house. In 1866 he was elected 
county attorney of Johnson county, and three years later was appointed 
judge of the tenth judicial district. In 1870 Judge Burris again sat in 
the legislature for his district, which service was succeeded by two 
terms as prosecuting attorney of Johnson county. In 1879 he was 
returned to his old place on the bench of the district court. In 1907 
he was returned to his old place as probate judge from which position 
he retired January 11, 191 1. 

"I have been a busy man all my life," he said. "I have seen Kansas 
grow from a frontier territory, containing a handful of immigrants, to 
a great and populous State. That I had some share in laying the foun- 
dations for its greatness and prosperity is a source of great satisfaction 
to me in my old age. The Wyandotte convention did a great work. 
After all the years of strife and bloodshed, in the struggle of parties for 
control of the territory, this convention of young and untried men,, 
assembled with a common purpose and made Kansas a free State. Nor 
did the service of these men end with the convention. Many of them 
went into the war and fought for the State and Nation. James G. Blunt, 
who was chairman of the committee on military affairs in the conven- 
tion, became a major general, the only Kansan to attain that rank during 
the war. Davis, Ross, Simpson, Ritchie, Hippie, Middleton, Martin,. 
Nash, all served with Kansas regiments and won distinction in the field 
as many of them did later in civil life. 

"The constitution produced by the Wyandotte convention has stood 
the test of half a century. Under it Kansas has found liberties secure 
and her material prosperity unchecked. I see no reason why it should 
not continue the organic law for centuries to come." 


(By Newton Ainsworth.) 

Fifty years ago this whole section was bald prairie. Deer and Indians- 
roamed wild and free. Fifty years ago last February I came to where 
Olathe now stands — there were three of us with a load of lumber to- 
locate claims. We stopped on the high point where the monument 
now stands. Not a tree was to be seen, but the. country was beautiful 
and the land looked good. 

While we were looking around a man by the name of Charles. 


Osgood, who was camped on the branch north of where Olathe now 
stands, came up and asked us if we were looking for claims. We told 
him we were. Mr. Osgood had a survey plat of the county. He charged 
ten dollars for helping us to locate claims. We went four miles south 
to the Lone Elm Camp Ground and located, and I have lived there 
ever since. 

The second time I came out was the last of March, 1857, with lum- 
ber to build a corral. There was a load of stakes piled up to lay out 
the town. My best recollection is that the town was laid off the last, 
of March or the first of April, 1857. One or two houses were built in 
the summer of 1857. Beginning with the spring of 1858, Olathe built up 
very fast, until the war, which stopped the growth for a few years. 

During the war, in '62 or '63, the State militia was camped here. 
While the Price raid was going on at Westport, Mo., we dug a trench 
around the court house yard, about three or four feet deep, for breast- 
works, but were ordered to the front before we had to use them. 

Since the war, Olathe and the country around, have had a wonderful 
growth, not surpassed by any part of the United States. What will it be 
in fifty years to come? Olathe will be a part of Kansas City and 
Kansas City will be among the largest cities in the United States. 
There is no city in the United States that lias the agricultural backing 
that Kansas City has. 


(By J. R. Thorne.) 

In May, of the year of 1857, there might have been seen two boys 
with ox teams, wending their way across northern Missouri, from the 
State of Ilinois, to the pains of sunny Kansas. One of the boys was 
twenty years of age, the other, a brother, five years younger. Corn 
was a dolar a bushel in Missouri, and the fact that the boys had narrow 
tracked wagons was evidence that thev came from a free State, and the 
further fact that they were going to Kansas, made it very evident that 
they were going there to help make Kansas a free State. Therefore the 
Missourians would neither give them information nor sell them corn. 
However, it was only necessary to make their wishes known to the 
slaves along the route, and they were abundantly supplied with chick- 
ens, hams and corn. 

They crossed the Missouri river at Westport Landing — Kansas City 
had not yet happened. There they met one Amos Fuller, who, like 
themselves, had no particular place in view other than Kansas. So 
they followed the trend of immigration, and the best road leading into 
Kansas being the old Santa Fe Trail, the boys naturally followed it, 
with their new acquaintance, Fuller, past the site of Olathe, which, at 


that time was as yet unbroken prairie, whose tall blue-stem on its 
billowy surface nodded back a welcome. The coyote scampered across 
the plain, an occasional deer, scared from its noonday rest, might be 
seen fleeing to cover and wild turkeys came into the trail and trotted 
along behind the wagons in quest of food. 

The caravan camped one night at Gardner, and O. B. Gardner, the 
man after whom the town was named, offered to locate as manv as 
cared to locate in Johnson county. Accepting his offer, the boys and 
their friend Fuller were located on claims southeast from that town. 
The first summer was spent in improving the claim, building the cabin 
and breaking prairie. The price received by the boys for plowing fire 
guards and breaking sod on new claims was $5 for a single acre, and 
larger tracts were broken for $4. 

.Some men planted sod-corn the first year, and it grew nicely, but the 
Indian ponies, belonging to the Shawnee Indians, which roamed over 
the country by hundreds, preferred the green corn to the dry grass, 
and ate it. The winter of '57-8 was spent mauling rails and posts on 
Bull creek, with which to fence the claims. The older one of the two 
boys cast his first vote in '58, for the Topeka, or Free State, constitu- 
tion. A pony on each claim was almost indispensable and the only ones 
the Indians would sell were the ones that had been spoiled and had 
whipped the Indian out. Such ponies could be bought for $65 ; well- 
broke ponies sold for from $85 to $125. Having bought one pony for $65, 
and sold him for $85, it occurred to the boys that some money could be 
made in that way, so during the summer several ponies were bought and 
sold for a good profit, and others were broke to ride, for $5 each. The 
Indian would say: "Pony, heap bad, kill white man, Indian no can ride 

The father of the boys, with the family, came during the fall of '57- 
During the fall of '58 the older of the two boys, with three men from 
Douglass county, went buffalo hunting in the central part of the State. 
While slipping up on a herd of buffalo, on Cow creek, on the present 
site of Hutchinson, the body of a white man was found, in a patch of 
sunflowers. He appeared to have been murdered by the Indians. 
Nothing was found on the body by which it could be identified. 

In the spring of '59, the boys entered the employ of Majors Russell 
& Waddle, a firm then freighting across the plains, for there were no 
railroads west of the Mississippi river. The first trip for the boys was 
from Ft. Leavenworth to Ft. Laramie. A wagon train consisted of 
twenty-five wagons, loaded with freight, and one called the mess 
wagon, loaded with food and clothing for the men. The wagons were 
drawn by six yoke of oxen to the wagon or 312 head of oxen to the 
train, and thirty-two men were a full company. The train, when loaded, 
traveled from fifteen to eighteen miles a day, and when coming back, 
empty, traveled about twenty-five miles. For fuel for campfires the men 


depended entirely on buffalo chips. They hung sacks on the sides and 
under their wagons, and gathered fuel as they traveled, so that when 
rain came there was always a supply of dry fuel on hand. At one time, 
when traveling along the south fork of the Platte river, in Nebraska, 
they came upon a tract of ground, 100 miles from any timber, a prairie 
country, but covered with pine knots, the pine logs having decayed, 
leaving only the knots. How they came there is a mystery. 

The cattle subsisted entirely on the grass, grazing, watched by four 
herders at night, though when in an Indian country, or during a storm, 
the whole force of men was kept on duty. During the spring and fall 
of the year the train encountered numerous herds of buffalo. And 
sometimes the herds were so large that it was necessary to park the 
wagons "V" shaped, with the point of the "V facing the herd, the 
cattle kept in the wagon corral. Enough buffaloes were shot to make 
them divide and go right and left of the wagons, and to look over the 
herd, it looked possible to walk on the backs of buffalo for miles. Such 
herds were sometimes two or three days in passing. The second trip 
was from Ft. Leavenworth to Ft. Kearney, the third from Leaven- 
worth to Salt Lake City, each time coming back empty. The fourth 
trip across the plains was in i860, the year of the drought, as often 
referred to, in Kansas. This time the train loaded and started from 
Westport, for Santa Fe, New Mexico. At Bent's Fort, afterwards 
called Ft. Lyons, when the train reached there, it was learned that the 
place had been surrounded for some time by the Indians, who had 
been very bad during the summer. A man from the fort had been sent 
to Pawnee Fork, for troops. He thought, by leaving in the night, he 
could get away and the Indians would not follow him, but they did. 
He rode all night and at daylight hid himself and horse in a clump of 
willows, on the bank of the Arkansas river, to rest, during the day, 
having ridden forty miles from the fort. He was tired and soon fell 
to sleep. When he awoke, several Indians were between him and 
his horse; he had left his two revolvers in the holsters on his saddle. 
They shot him full of arrows, killed him, as they supposed, scalped, 
and left him. Sometime after they had left him he came to life. After 
many efforts he was able to rise and crawl on hands and knees to the 
water where he bathed, drank, and after many days crawled back the 
forty miles to the fort, where, when the train reached there, he was be- 
ing doctored by an Indian squaw, with herbs and roots. His wounds 
healed and he came back to the states with the train, on its return trip. 
The last trip across the plains was made in i860, when the firm loaded 
the train with general merchandise, for miners, then mining gold and 
silver in southern Colorado. Prior to this time, only supplies for the 
fort were freighted, and this last trip bankrupted the company. The 
train was snowed in in the Ratton Pass, in the Trinidad mountains, 
the cattle were brought out and the train taken to its destination, the 


with the wagons to guard them and subsist on bacon, deer meat, bear 
meat, Mexican beans and Taos flour. About June, of the next year, 
the cattle were brought out and the train taken to its destination. The 
goods sold and the train returned to the states. Immediately upon the 
return to the states, the younger of the two boys, first mentioned, 
enlisted in the Second Regiment, Kansas infantry. During the winter 
in the mountains, time was spent in hunting and exploring. An Indian 
burying ground was found a few miles from the camp. The bodies 
were wrapped in the skins of deer and buffalo and lashed in the tops 
of small cedar trees. 

On nearing Peacock's ranch, on the last trip out, it was seen that the 
ranch was in ruins ; a party was seen leaving in an opposite direction, 
as the train appeared. Old Setank, a Kiowa Indian chief, with Mexican 
Joe, his interpreter, and a party of Indians, rode to the ranch and asked 
Peacock to go up on his dugout roof and see if any Government troops 
were in sight, and while looking, they shot him, scalped him, and 
killed and scalped four others. There was one sick man in a room off 
from the main building, with a buffalo robe hung over the door. The 
Indians thought he might have smallpox and left him alone, but set fire 
to the house, thinking to burn him or kill him as he came out. The 
train, approaching, scared the Indians away and the sick man crawled 

After coming home from the last trip, the older of the boys re-fenced 
the farm, which had been run over by prairie fires, took care of the 
small harvest and enlisted in the Twelfth Kansas and served three 
years. Both of the boys came home from the war, settled on their 
farms in Johnson county, married, reared families and are "standing up 
for Kansas." 

The two boys whose experience in the early da3^s is so graphically 
described above, are George Thorne, of Gardner, and Rufus Thorne, 
who settled at Spring Hill and later at La Cygne, both of whom are 
well known to the people of this county. 

The above article is from the pen of J. R. Thorne, of Olathe. 


(By J. B. Mahaffie.) 

In May, 1857, I sold my farm of 300 acres, in Jasper county, Indiana, 
for $4,400. Much had been said about the border war in Kansas, in 
1856, and in the early summer of 1857, in company with three other 
men, I started in a wagon from Indiana for Kansas Territory. We went 
to Lawrence, to see what had been done there. We found everything torn 
up, but the Free State men had come off victorious. From Lawrence 
we went to Hickory Point, north of Lawrence, where there had been a 


fight between the Missourians, under Capt. John Evans, and the Free 
State men. There was a cannon ball in the rotten end of a hickory log 
in the old log fort. Jake Wright, one of our party, offered a dollar for 
the cannon ball, but the offer was refused. We offered $20 for it. but 
could not get it. 

We tried to take claims in Leavenworth, Douglas and Johnson coun- 
ties, but failed as the Missourians had the land all taken. We then 
started back to Indiana. At Westport, we sold our team and took a 
train and went back home to northwest Indiana. This was in June. 

From what I had seen of the territory, I knew it was a fine country 
and we prepared to return. I wrote to William Dixon, my brother's 
brother-in-law, at Independence, Mo. I took my family along on this 
trip and we started with four teams. I had three teams of horses, two 
wagons and a carriage, and James Welsh had one team. We made 
Independence our objective point. After we reached Independence I 
was offered a farm of 160 acres, with orchard, dwelling house, and other 
improvements for $2,000. This was the battlefield of the Little Blue. 
I bought between twenty and thirty acres of corn for $100. We rigged 
up four teams. We could get no claims in Johnson county. 

Jim Welsh, Ben Davis and myself, took two loads of corn and started 
for the Neosho, where Dixon's people had settled. Our map only went 
to the State line, one-half mile west of Westport, and from there we 
followed the Santa Fe Trail. We peddled the corn out at two and three 
cents an ear before we reached Burlington. When we got to Dixon's 
neighborhood, they met us and we got claims. We then started back 
to Missouri for my family, who were still at Independence, with the 
other two wagons. We gathered the corn I had bought and I had 
1,100 bushels of the finest corn I ever saw. 

We started for the Neosho with four teams. We had three loads 
of corn, and Billy drove the three cows. We reached Olathe, and met 
a man named Wood. He said to stop here and not go to the Neosho. 
He had just hauled some water here (there was no water in Olathe), 
and he told us that he would give us a load of wood and water if we 
would stop. We drove over towards the west side of the square to 
camp. There was a little shoe shop near where Moll's blacksmith shop 
now is. We had just passed the shop when my wife said: "That is John 
McKaig standing in the door, go back." I lifted the curtain of the car- 
riage and cried: "Oh, John." He jumped and ran to us. He got in 
with us and we went to Wood's house, where he was staying. We 
had a sick child and Jonathan Millikan kindly gave us the use of their 
house till we bought a house. We had provisions enough with us to 
do us a year. This was in November. 

We reached Olathe on Tuesday, and on Sunday, Whisky Jones came 
up from Independence, and seeing the four teams and the cows, wanted 
to know how many families there were of us. I told him there was 
only one family, and that we had two girls and three boys. 


He had a house, not far from the Avenue Hotel, which he wanted to 
sell to me for $1,200. I told him I would not buy. He insisted on 
making an offer. Dr. Barton came up and said to make him an offer. I 
then said that I would make him an offer if he would not get mad. 
Isom Davis came to me and told me that Jones owed a note at the bank 
in Westport, for $200, which would be due the next morning. That he 
must have the money, and that I could buy the house at my own price. 
I took out some gold pieces and showed Jones and told him that was 
the only kind of money I had and that I had but little of that. I took 
a piece of board and wrote down $200 in gold and a land warrant 
for 160 acres, which was $200 more, making $400 for the house and 
three lots. And I was to have $100 worth of lots to be selected later, 
to put other buildings on, and to be paid for in one year, without inter- 
est. The offer was accepted, and Jones and Barton went to draw up the 
papers. I demanded that the papers should be signed by S. F. Hill, 
the president of the town company. It was the custom to treat every- 
body, when a lot was sold, and Barton wanted me to raise the price $50. 
When I refused, he asked me for $5 to treat with, but I would not 
pay it. We went to S. F. Hill's, on the west side of the square, to have 
the papers signed. Hill refused to allow them to treat there, and the 
crowd adjourned to Turpin's Hotel. This was all on Sunday. Before 
this, I had been to Collins' mill and bought the lumber for a stable. 
About 11 o'clock that night, we started with our teams for the lumber. 
Another man went for the poles for the stable, and by Monday night 
we had it up, ready for use. 

McKaig and Wood had promised us claims. They said if we could 
not get claims they would give us theirs, and jump some of the claims 
of the Missourians, as that would give them an excuse to shoot at a 

When I came to Olathe, the county business was done here, but the 
county seat was afterwards established at Shawnee. 

I went to Westport to get a load of corn, and in one of the business 
houses there I saw some maps of Johnson county. They were about 
two feet square and had been drawn by young Gunn, the son of the 
map publisher. They were quite accurate, showing Olathe near the 
center of the county, with Shawnee, Monticello, Gardner and Spring 
Hill around near the borders of the county, and the location of the 
timber streams, etc. I bought one for fifty cents and when I got back 
to Olathe, took it into Turpin's Hotel and showed it to the crowd. 
Everybody wanted to buy it. I refused to sell, telling them that I 
only paid fifty cents for it, but wanted to keep it. I afterwards sold it 
for $2.50 to a man who insisted on having it. I tried to get another 
at Westport, but was unable to do so. 

I was thirty-eight years old when I came to Johnson county. 



(By J. H. Blake.) 

I shall not try to tell you much about the early history of Johnson 
county. I come before you to tell you that I am still alive, a physical 
confutation of the theory of the survival of the fittest ; for whilst many 
strong, hale, hearty comrades of early days have long since gone to 
their eternal home, I, much to my own and the surprise of others, am 
still with you, and have no notion to leave you till my time comes to 
pass on. The early history of Johnson county has been often told and 
will be told again when these young men and boys grow old (and young 
ladies, too, if they ever grow old) much better than I can tell you. 

Fifty years ago, late one cold afternoon, of March 7, 1857, I landed in 
Johnson county, Kansas, and slept that night at Cyprian Choteau's, who 
lived just northeast of Gum Springs, the county seat of said county. 
The #next night I spent at the home of a man by the name of Dyche. 
who lived just across the border in Missouri, and the third night, with 
Sam Cornatzer, living about a mile west of Gum Springs, and with 
whom I boarded until the county seat was moved the first time to 
Olathe, moved illegally, as it afterwards appeared. During my stay at 
Cornatzer's, I made the acquaintance of the two Choteaus, Charles 
Bluejacket, Rev. Charles Boles, who preached for the Shawnee Indi- 
ans, Donaldson, who lived at the Indian Council House, Isaac Parish, 
who was the first sheriff of Johnson county, Alex Johnson, William 
Fisher, Jr., and many others, all of whom have since passed to the happy 
hunting' grounds. 

Soon after my advent into this county, I received the appointment 
of county clerk and ex-officio register of deeds, the two offices then 
being one. 

The first meeting of the county commissioners was at Gum Springs, 
in a log house, used by the Shawnee Indians, as a meeting house, on 
September 7, 1857, and organized as a county board. The board con- 
sisted of J. T. Ector and William Fisher, Jr., as members and J. P. Camp- 
bell, probate judge, as president of the board; Isaac Parish was the 
first sheriff and Cosgrove next. At this meeting, if my memory serves 
me right, the several townships were organized and metes and bounds 
established, much as they now stand. I don't remember what other, 
if any, business they transacted, except to vote themselves, sheriff and 
clerk, pay for their arduous duty. I thereupon issued the first piece of 
county scrip, written out on foolscap, that ever circulated in Johnson 
county. I wish I had a piece of that scrip now. It would be a souvenir 
of early days, worth keeping. I traded my piece of it to Pat 
Cosgrove for State scrip. 

Some time that summer, by act of bogus legislature, the county seat 


was moved to Olathe, and afterwards, I believe, in May, 1858, moved 
back to Gum Springs. In the meantime an election was held and the 
following county officers elected, viz: John T. Barton, treasurer; Pat 
Cosgrove, sheriff ; James Ritch, of Monticello, county clerk ; Jonathan 
Gore, prosecuting attorney; J. P. Campbell, probate judge, and J. H. 
Blake, register of deeds. Ritch appointed S. B. Myrick deputy county 
clerk. Myrick was elected to that office at the next election for county 

Olathe, having won the prize at an election, for county seat, the 
county offices were all moved back to Olathe, late in the fall of 1858. 


(By Wm. Johnson.) 

The general aspect of the country was prairie, with skirts of timber on 
the streams, with nothing fenced or in cultivation, outside of the »prop- 
erties of the three missions, excepting now and then a small field of a 
few acres, occupied either by a squaw man or an Indian, most likely 
the former. 

In the part of the county of which I want to speak, the northeast 
part, was Brush creek, which crosses the State line south of Fifty-second 
Street, with two prongs, one of which heads west of the Methodist 
mission and the other drains the country around Overland Park. Tur- 
key creek, along which the Frisco railroad runs, crosses from Johnson 
into Wyandotte county, at Rosedale, and Indian creek, showing its tim- 
ber on the south. 

Except for skirts of timber, along the streams varying in width, all of 
the balance was prairie, of which none was fenced, and on which there 
was not a house. 

Traversing the county were two main roads, leading out of Westport. 
The Fort Leavenworth, or military road, led west from the old Harris 
House in Westport, crossing the State line near Forty-fifth Street, thence 
in a southwesterly direction, leaving the Capt. Joe Parks place half a 
mile to the south, the Methodist mission three-quarters of a mile in the 
same direction, the Baptist mission a quarter of a mile to the north, and 
the Quaker mission a quarter of a mile to the south, crossing Turkey 
creek, and on to the old Shawnee church, where the town of Shawnee 
now is, then diverging to the northwest, and crossing the Kaw river, or 
what was then known as Tibelo's Ferry, near Bonner Springs. Said 
Tibelo was a bow-legged Delaware Indian. 

The other road, known as the Santa Fe road, led south from the Har- 
ris House, crossing Brush creek, and up a long rocky hill, following 
what is now known as Wornall road, as far as the Armon place, then 
taking a westerly direction to the State line which was crossed at Mar- 


mian's blacksmith shop, now the Hahn place, keeping along what was 
then called the Santa Fe ridge, in a southwesterly direction, passing 
about three-quarters of a mile south of Overland Park and in the same 
general direction, passing about two miles south and east of Olathe. 

Of the places of historical interest of that time was the Capt. Joe 
Parks place, a quarter of a mile from the State line. Captain Parks was 
a chief of the Shawnees, who conducted a part of the tribe to this county 
from Ohio, in 1832, and remained chief until his death. 

The Methodist mission, which consisted of three brick buildings, still 
standing, about twelve of the minor buildings have been torn down, 
built from 1839 to 1845, i s na ^ a 1T >i' e south and three-quarters of a 
mile west of the Parks place. These houses were put up by my father, 
who was the superintendent of the mission at that time. The money 
was furnished by the United States Government, and the work done 
under the superintendence of the Methodist church. The brick was 
burnt on the ground and the lumber sawed from wood on Brush creek. 
The mission was conducted and supported by the Government and 
church, jointly. It was at this mission where the first legisature of 
Kansas territory was held, in 1855, having adjourned from Pawnee to 
this place, it being the only place in the territory that could furnish 
accommodations sufficient for State officers and halls to meet. They 
met here during the vacation of the school. The State officers remained 
here about a year, I think. Most of the members boarded in Westport, 
Mo. There was a continual string of hacks, running between Y\ est- 
port and the mission. Two miles west and half a mile north was 
the Baptist mission. At the time of which I am now speaking, it was 
superintended by a man named Barker, supported by the Baptist church. 

From the Baptist to the Quaker mission was about a mile and a half 
southwest. The Quaker mission, about this time, was superintended by 
Mr. Hadley, the father of Captain Hadley, with whom the majority of 
the older settlers of this county are well acquainted. This mission was 
also supported exclusively by its church. 

On the same road in the present limits of Merriam, was a tract of 
land, from which the timber had been burned, some of the stumps 
being twenty feet high, which was always called "the Mormon battle 
ground," for what reason I am unable to say. 

The next point of interest was the old Shawnee church, where serv- 
ices were held for the Indians. This church was beside the Shawnee 
graveyard, and was constructed of logs, two logs in length, and pre- 
sided over by a white preacher, who preached in the English language, 
being interpreted by an Indian, who stood by him in the pulpit. The 
place of interpreter was filled most of the time by Charles Bluejacket. 

The church was also used as a place to pay the Shawnee Indians 
their annual annuity, from the Government, and as I recollect it, quite 
an interesting scene. The agent and his assistants were seated at a 


table, just inside the door. The head of the Indian family would step 
up to the table to be identified. The agent would turn to the roll, ascer- 
tain how many there were and make the payment outside the building. 
In a half-circle, facing the door, were a lot of tables, behind which were 
seated the Missouri merchants, who had sold the Indians goods on 
credit, for the past year, and as he came out with his money, they would 
call him to their table, present his account and try to get him to pay it, 
and it was astonishing how little English some of those Indians could 
understand, although other times they could understand anything said 
to them. 

The next, and last place, of which I will speak, is the Shawnee coun- 
cil house which was located near the home of Bill Donaldson, the 
blacksmith of the Shawnees. The place is now in the grounds of the 
Elm Ridge Golf Club, and was formerly the Reme Canen place. In 
the council house was conducted all the legal business of the Shawnee 

The tribe was divided into a number of bands, at the head of each 
was a chief, who constituted the council, presided over by the head 
chief of the tribe. 

These places were the only houses along the road. Scattered through 
the timber along the creeks were the cabins of the Indians. 


(By D. Hubbard.) 

Among the many important and exciting events of the early years of 
the war, which have held the attention of the loyal people of Kansas, by 
their tales of suffering and endurance, of fire and blood, there may be 
some interest accorded to one of the minor events, which filled those 
trying times. The following account of the return of Dick Yeager's 
band to Missouri is gathered from authentic sources for the purpose of 
adding to the history making of Kansas. 

The writer was then living in Marion, Douglass county, Kansas, seven- 
teen miles southwest of Lawrence, and on the old Santa Fe Trail, being 
engaged in farming and running a small store, postoffice and stage 
stand. His family consisted of his wife and an infant daughter, less 
than one year old, and there was living, with him, Henry Waters and 
wife and a daughter about six years of age. Mr. Waters now resides at 
Iola, Kan. 

The summer of 1862 had been filled with raids, by Ouantrill and 
his men, upon the towns along the border, including Gardner, Olathe 
and Shawnee, burning and destroying property and killing many Union 
men. This had aroused the public feeling to a high pitch, and was the 
cause of Governor Robinson organizing a home guard of militia. In 


Douglass county the three townships, through which the Santa Fe Trail 
ran, Palmyra, Willow Springs and Marion, each organized a company. 
The writer was the captain of the one in Marion, Fortunatus Gleason 
was its first lieutenant and William Baldwin was its second lieutenant, 
the latter of whom is still living near Overbrook, in Osage county. It 
was composed of about thirty men, furnished with arms and ammunition 
by the State, and was called out several times during the year 1862, but 
each time upon a false alarm. 

In the month of May, 1863, as soon as the grass was sufficient for 
grazing their horses, a considerable number of Ouantrill's men, under 
the command of Dick Yeager, came west on the trail in squads of twos 
or threes, so as not to be observed. This was the same man who was 
Quantill's lieutenant at the Lawrence raid the following August, where 
he won, with his comrades, a name of undying infamy. These men 
congregated near Council Grove, Morris county, and there went into 
camp. It has never been known to history just what was the real 
object in making this movement. Some have suggested that it was their 
intention to organize a raid in New Mexico. Others believed that they 
were bent upon plunder and destruction among the interior towns of 
the State. Whatever their purpose, they were evidently foiled by the 
United States soldiers stationed in the vicinity. 

The following is furnished by John Maloy, county attorney of 
Morris county, and written seventeen years ago, as a part of what he 
is preparing for a history of that county: 

"With all of their military preparations, our people were unable to 
prevent guerillas from making incursions into our neighborhood. On 
May 4, 1863, Dick Yeager's band of Missouri guerillas encamped on 
the General Custer farm, now owned by M. K. Sample, near Council 
Grove and after insulting and threatening the lives of some of our best 
citizens, a portion of them, some ten or twelve in number, proceeded 
on the following day, to Diamond Springs, and about 12 o'clock at 
night, three of them rode up to the store of Augustus Howell, and 
without any ceremony, shot him to death. His wife was also shot, but 
recovered, and afterwards married a Mr. Strokes, of Chase county. 
During this excitement Captain Rowell, of Colorado, was stationed at 
Council Grove, to protect the people of the county and to guard the 
mails and merchants, as well as the Santa Fe trains." 

Yeager rode to Dr. J. H. Bradford's office and had a tooth pulled. 
He was visited in his camp soon after he came by M. Conn, now a 
resident of Kansas City, then of Council Grove, where he remained 
for some time. Many criticised the visit as an act of disloyalty, with- 
out inquiring into the object of his visit. He went to prevail on Yeager 
not to burn the town, and succeeded in his mission, which was quite up 
to any reasonable standard of loyalty. He had known Yeager well in 
the years before the war, as a freighter on the Santa Fe route. They 
had been friends, which was a most lucky thing for Council Grove. 


Thirteen of their number started back on the eighth day of May, over 
the trail, and under the lead of Yeager. Nothing is known of their 
movements or doings until reaching Rock Springs, late in the after- 
noon, near the line between Osage and Douglas counties. At that 
time there was a stage stand, formerly kept by a man by the name of 
Walters, but the name of the proprietor at that time I do not remember. 
A soldier by the name of George N. Sabin, of Company K, Eleventh 
regiment, Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, was spending the night there. He 
had been visiting home on a furlough, and was then on his way to his 
regiment at Fort Scott. Over a dozen bullets were his fate. The next 
morning he was buried by the neighbors, on the open prairie. 

The family of this soldier lived near Auburn, Shawnee county. The 
widow could learn nothing of his fate, and continued in ignorance of the 
circumstances of his death until two years ago, when, by a most remark- 
able chain of circumstances, the writer's daughter became acquainted 
with the soldier's daughter, at Salt Lake City, Utah. The soldier's 
widow then, for the first time, learned the facts surrounding her hus- 
band's death. 

The same evening the bushwhackers shot Sabin they arrived at my 
home, seven miles farther east. Mr. Waters came in about dusk and 
said that it was reported that the bushwhackers were at some point west 
of us, committing depredations. The report was treated lightly, by us 
all, and we sat down to supper. The daughter of Mrs. Waters soon 
came running and called out that a lot of horsemen were coming down 
the road. They came to the door, where I met them and was seized, 
searched and questioned, as to my politics, and the State I came from. 
The answers not being satisfactory to them, Yeager gave the order to 
shoot. Three of them obeyed the order. One bullet went through my 
lungs, the other two missed, they being less than ten feet away. After 
going through the house and taking what they wanted, and taking a 
horse from the stable, they left, following the trail east. Among other 
things, they took Mr. Water's pocketbook. Mrs. Waters asked the priv- 
ilege of taking out some valuable papers, and they allowed her to select 
some of the most valuable papers. 

They passed through Baldwin without molesting anybody. At Black 
Jack, four miles further east, they met the Santa Fe stage, in which, 
among others, was ex-Sheriff Jones (appointed the first sheriff of Doug- 
las county by the bogus legislature of Shawnee mission, Johnson 
county), who was on his way to his home, then in New Mexico. The 
passengers were all relieved of their money and watches, even the 
notorious Sheriff Jones ; they did not spare nor stop to inquire as to 
his politics. 

From information furnished by George W. Cramer, now of Paola, 
Kan., who was living with his father, A. Cramer, who kept the Stone 
Hotel, at Gardner, Johnson county, I learned that at some time past 


midnight, Yeager's band reached Gardner. They first quietly took 
Garret Rhue, afterwards representative in the legislature from that 
county, who was express agent, and made him prisoner. They took 
from him an express package containing $200, then made him go with 
them to the hotel and get the hotel keeper, A. Cramer, to open the door, 
saying that there were some men who wanted to stay all night. The 
door opened, they rushed in and made Mr. Cramer prisoner at the 
point of their revolvers, and ordered him to show them where the other 
men were. They were taken up stairs into the room where G. W. Cramer 
and Ben Francis were sound asleep. They jerked them both out of bed 
and demanded their money and clothes. Francis answered that the 
clothes they saw there were all he had. They answered that they knew 
better, and that he must have better clothes, and ordered him to show 
them his trunk, which he did. They smashed it in with their feet, and 
not finding' what they expected, said they would shoot him anyway. 
Francis replied the clothes were good enough for bushwhackers. They 
acted on his suggestion and gathered up all the clothes, but did not shoot 

The men were all taken out into the street under guard, while a part 
of the gang took Mr. Cramer to the stables and made him get out his 
best horses, which they appropriated. Then they marched him to the 
front of the house and ordered the command to fall in line. It was 
thought by all that he was then to be shot. But the command was 
given orders to march and they filed out of town. 

This is the last that is known of the Yeager raid. 



John T. Little, of Olathe, a prominent member of the legal profession 
in Kansas and an ex-attorney-general of the State, was born in Circle- 
ville, Pickaway county, Ohio, November 18, 1841, and is of German 
descent on the paternal side. The Little family was established in Amer- 
ica several generations prior to the birth of John T.'s father, having been 
of German origin. His father, Rev. Nathan B. Little, a native of Hagers- 
town, Md., was a minister in the Lutheran church. He removed 
from Maryland to Ohio prior to the birth of John T., and there engaged 
in educational work in connection with his ministerial duties. He was 
a man of excellent educational attainments and for several years was 
connected with Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio. He was a 
prominent member of the Masonic order in Ohio. He was married in 
Maryland to Mary A. Fouk, also a native of Hagerstown. To their 
union were born eight children, two of whom survive: George B., of 
Spokane, Wash., and John T. These children were the recipients of a 
splendid classical education under the able tutorage of their father. 
Both parents are deceased, the father's death having occurred near Me- 
chanicsburg, Champaign county, Ohio, in 1876, when he was seventy-five 
years of age. The mother's death occurred in 1856. One brother. Luther 
Little, who died in Olathe a few years ago, served in the Civil war, as 
a member of the Twenty-sixth regiment, Ohio infantry, until he was 
wounded and captured at the battle of Chickamauga. He was then 
confined thirteen months in Libby and Andersonville prisons, where he 
suffered untold horrors. Rev. Little removed from Circleville to Oak- 
land, Ohio, when John T. was ten years' of age, and still later removed to 
a farm which he had purchased in Champaign county, Ohio, and there 
resided until his death. John T. Little, besides the private tutor- 
ing received from his father, attended the public school and also 
the academy at McConnelsville, Ohio, where he was graduated in 
i860. In 1863, under the call of President Lincoln for an organi- 
zation of militia in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois of 85,000 troops, 
he assisted in raising a company in Champaign county, of which 
he was elected second lieutenant. While guarding prisoners at 
Columbus, Ohio, he enlisted in Company E, One Hundred Thirty- 
fourth regiment, Ohio infantry, and was immediately sent to the 
Army of the Potomac, then encamped at Cumberland, Md. He 
was taken sick shortly after reaching camp and was sent to the field 
hospital near Cumberland, where he was discharged in September, 1864. 
After being mustered out at Columbus, Ohio, he returned to his home in 


Champaign county and in the following spring, of 1865, began reading 
law at Urbana, Ohio, with Gen. John H. Young, one of the leading law- 
yers of the State. He was admitted to the bar by the supreme court 
of Ohio in June, 1868, and in the following month of August came to 
Olathe, Kan., where he began the practice of his profession and where 
he has in the intervening years steadily risen into prominence and is 
recognized as one of the strongest members of the Kansas bar. Shortly 
after locating at Olathe he became a partner of Hon. John T. Burris y 
who was for several years prominent in both legal and political circles 
throughout the State, and is now a resident of California. Mr. Little 
was elected city attorney of Olathe in 1873 aR d later served two terms as 
prosecuting attorney of Johnson county. At the State People's Con- 
vention, held in Wichita, in 1892, he was nominated attorney-general 
of the State, was endorsed by the Democratic convention at Topeka,, 
and was elected the following November to the office, in which he 
served one term. In 1904 he received the Democratic nomination for 
associate justice of the supreme court of Kansas. Since then he has 
served one term as mayor of Olathe and during his administration of 
the city's affairs more improvements were made in the way of street 
pavement than had been made before or has been made since his in- 
cumbency. He also served as president of the Olathe board of educa- 
tion four years. Mr. Little has been twice married. His first mar- 
riage was in 1870, when Miss Hannah Gregg, of Olathe, became his 
wife. She died in 1872. In 1875 Mr. Little married Miss Mary W. 
Bundy, of Olathe, who died July 15, 1913. To this union were born 
two children, C. B. and John T., Jr. C. B. Little served five 
years as city attorney of Olathe, and in 1908 was elected county 
attorney of Johnson county, and in 1910 was re-elected without op- 
position, and in 1912 and 1914 was the Democratic candidate for 
attorney-general of Kansas. He is a graduate of the University 
of Kansas and was prepared for the law under the careful guid- 
ance of his father. John T. Little, Jr., is a hardware merchant at 
Spokane, Wash. He is a graduate of the Olathe High School, also the 
University of Kansas where he completed a course in mechanical engi- 
neering. Fraternally, Mr. Little is a member of the Fraternal Order of 
Eagles. As a lawyer he ranks among the best in the State, and his 
extensive practice has included many of the important cases of Missouri, 
as well as of Kansas, where the supreme court records show Mr. Little 
to have been one of the attorneys in a very large percentage of the cases. 
His success did not come without effort. It is but the just reward of years 
of indefatigable labor and painstaking care. He is numbered among the 
most worthy and respected of Olathe citizens. Mr. Little is actively 
engaged in the practice of law and is the senior member of Little & 
Little, the junior member being his son, C. B. Little, and the firm is one 
of the best known in Kansas. 


W. B. Strang, of Overland Park, belongs to that type of present day 
Americans who have become so accustomed to doing big things that 
they don't even realize it themselves. Although still a young man, Mr. 
Strang has had a remarkable career as a railroad builder all over the 
country, and has promoted, financed and built several railroads in the 
north, south, east and west. For the last seven years Johnson county 
has been proud to claim him as one of its most important citizens. W. 
B. Strang is a native of the Empire State. He was born at Syracuse, 
N. Y., November 8, 1857. His father, William Strang, was a native of 
County Tipperary, Ireland, and was born in 1833, and in 1853 married 
Catherine Fleming- and they came to America shortly after their mar- 
riage. To this union eight children were born, as follows: Mary, born 
in New York in 1855, married T. F. Ryan, and now resides in Kansas- 
City; W. B., the subject of this sketch; Ellen, born in i860 at Water- 
town, Wis., married William Kennefick in 1877. Mr. Kennefick was 
the bidder of the Missouri, Oklahoma & Gulf Railroad, and also 
promoted the town of Kennefick, Okla., which was named in 
his honor. Pie is still the principal stockholder in that railroad and re- 
sides at Kansas City, Mo. Catherine was born in Ottumwa, Iowa, in 
1864, married John A. Newcomb, a nephew of Simon Newcomb, the 
well known American astronomer. They reside at Savannah, Ga., Bris- 
tol, Term., and Augusta, Ga., owning a large hotel at each place. John,, 
born in Ottumwa, Iowa, 1867, married Nellie Shay, of Binghamton, 
N. Y., was a railroad contractor, died at Brunswick, N. J., in 1904; Rob- 
ert, born in Ottumwa, Iowa, 1869, is unmarried and an employe of the 
auditing department of the Strang railroad line at Overland Park. One 
child was born in 1871 and died in infancy and Thomas, born in 1874,. 
died at the age of six years. William B. Strang received his education in 
the public schools of New York, Wisconsin and Iowa, where the family 
resided at various times. . When he was fifteen years of age he began 
his railroad construction career at Sheridan, Iowa. He worked on the 
building of the Chicago, Burlington & Ouincy railroad until that line- 
reached Ft. Kearney, Neb. In 1874, he took part in the building of the 
Baltimore & Ohio into South Chicago. From 1874 to 1879 he was con- 
nected with the construction of the Cincinnati Southern, now the Queen 
& Crescent, from Cincinnati to Chattanooga, Tenn. In 1879 he returned 
to Nebraska and built thirty miles of the Missouri Pacific from Omaha 
to Falls City. In 1880 he went with the Santa Fe, and started the first 
mile of construction from the Kansas line west into Colorado and to 
Santa Fe, N. M. He remained with this road until it was completed 
to Deming, N. M., and El Paso, Texas. He also assisted in the con- 
struction of the switchback or "Shoo Fly" over the Raton Mountains 
in New Mexico before the tunnel was built there. In 1885 he came to 
Kansas and built the Wellington & Western, twenty miles in the direc- 
tion of Jasper. In the latter part of the same year he was instructed by 


the Santa Fe officials to prepare for quick action and tear up that track 
before an injunction could be filed. This road had been built to fight a 
parallel line which was being built by the Leavenworth, Lawrence &. 
Gulf Railroad. In 1886 he commenced building the Kansas City, 
Springfield & Memphis through the Ozarks, which was completed to 
Memphis in 1889. He then returned to Kansas and started the con- 
struction of a line of his own from Belle Plaine to Conway Springs. He 
promoted and financed this road and secured' township bonds to assist 
in the building. He also assisted in the construction of the branch line 
from Newton to Winfield, Kan., in 1891. In the latter part of 1892, Mr. 
Strang took the contract for building the Sheffield & Birmingham rail- 
road, which was no miles long, and completed that road in the latter 
part of 1893. In 1894 he took the contract for building the Macon & 
Birmingham railroad, between Macon and Alabama State line. At the 
same time he took the contract for building the Macon & Atlantic rail- 
way, between Macon and Port Carrollton, on the south Atlantic coast 
near Savannah. The mileage under the last two named contracts totaled 
375 miles. This work was completed in 1896 and Mr. Strang then went 
to New York and took the contract to build the New York, Susquehanna 
& Western railroad from Strausburg to Wilkes-Barre, Pa. At the time 
he was building this road, he was also building the Columbus extension 
of the Mobile & Ohio, between Columbus, Miss., and Montgomery, 
Ala. Mr. Strang completed the financing, construction and equipping of 
this road, including all the round-houses, rights of way and terminals, 
after putting the line in full operation turned it over to the Mobile & 
Ohio Railroad Company for $4,200,000. This line is 210 miles long. The 
cost of the New York, Susquehanna & Western railroad above men- 
tioned was $69,000 per mile for grading, alone, and it required four years 
to complete that road. Before that was completed Mr. Strang began 
building the Detroit & Toledo Shore Line, between Detroit, Mich., and 
Toledo, Ohio, and at the same time he was building the Detroit and 
Lima Northern, a line 200 miles in length. Mr. Strang sold the Detroit 
& Toledo Shore Line in 1904 to the Grand Trunk Railroad Company of 
Canada and went to London, England, to consummate the deal and spent 
a part of 1905 in Europe. Mr. Strang also was a partner in building 175 
miles of the Kansas City Southern, from Fort Smith, Ark., south. Alex 
Monroe, of Lawrence, was a partner in this contract. At the same time 
Mr. Strang built the Nova Scotia Southern railroad, 120 miles from 
Yarmouth towards Halifax. While constructing this line he had also 
taken a $1,000,000 contract from the city of Boston to build the first sec- 
tion of the Metropolitan water supply, called the Metropolitan water- 
way, which furnishes the water supply for Boston and its suburbs. He 
then constructed the Strang line from Kansas City to Olathe, which 
he now operates. Mr. Strang built the first self-propelled railroad motor 
car in the world, which was put into service and successfully operated, 


and it was operated on the Strang- Line in Johnson county, Kansas. 
Mr. Strang- was married at Wellington, Kan., in 1892, to Miss Margaret 
Morrison, of that place. Mr. and Mrs. Strang reside in their beautiful 
residence at Overland Park, in that ideal surburban town, which Mr. 
Strang's genius has made possible and his enterprise has developed. 

Mr. Strang organized the Strang Gas-Electric Car Company, of Gar- 
wood, N. J., where the cars were manufactured and he still owns that 
factory. This was one of the transportation sensations of the time. 

Capt. W. H. Zimmerman, of Olathe, has been a resident of Johnson 
county for forty-five years, and is one of the successful men of the 
community. Captain Zimmerman was born in Harrison county, Indiana, 
December 22, 1838, and is a son of John and Abeline (Conrad) Zimmer- 
man. The father was a native of Maryland and came to Indiana with 
his parents at a very early day in the history of that State. The mother 
was a native of Indiana, her parents being pioneers of that State. lohn 
and Abeline (Conrad) Zimmerman spent their lives in Indiana. The 
father died in 1883, at the age of sixty-nine, and the mother died in 1861. 
They were the parents of eight children and three of the boys served in 
the Civil war. Captain Zimmerman was educated in the public schools 
and the Corydon Seminary, and when eighteen years old began teaching 
school and was engaged in teaching when the Civil war broke out, and 
he enlisted in April, 1861, at the first call for troops by President Lin- 
coln. Before he reached Indianapolis, however, the quota was filled, 
and he returned and finished his term of school. In August, 1862, he 
enlisted again at New Albany, Inch, in Company F, Eighty-first regi- 
ment, Indiana infantry, and was mustered in as first sergeant of the 
company. He was in the following engagements: Perryville, Stone 
River, Chickamauga, New Hope Church, Peach Tree and the series of 
engagements involved in the capture of Atlanta. He was in the cam- 
paign following Hood and was at the battles of Franklin and Nashville, 
then he went to Huntsville into winter quarters' and from there to Knox- 
ville, Tenn., and was at the latter place when the war ended and he was 
mustered out of service at Indianapolis, Ind., June 26, 1865. Captain 
Zimmerman was a good soldier and always did his duty well. He pos- 
sessed courage and the rare combination of coolness, coupled with quick 
judgment and his ability was readily recognized by his superior officers. 
He was made second lieutenant the following May after his enlistment 
and shortly afterward was made first lieutenant, and before the war 
closed was promoted to captain. During his term of service he was in 
many hard-fought battles and several tight places, but he always man- 
aged to get by. He had many narrow escapes and on only one occasion 
did he fail to escape and that was at the battle of Chickamauga when he 
was struck by a piece of a shell and severely wounded. At the close of 
the war he returned to Harrison county, followed farming until 1870 
when he came to Kansas, as many of the soldier boys did after the war. 


He located on a place six miles east of Olathe where he bought 160 
acres and now owns 230 acres in Johnson county and a good farm in 
Oklahoma. In 1898, he removed to Olathe where he has since resided. 
He was married September 19, 1861, to Miss Sarah J. Shreck, a native of 
Indiana, and the following children were born to this union: W. E. 
hardware merchant, Olathe ; Clara D., married W. S. Mclntyre, Victoria, 
Texas; Emma, died in childhood ; Rebecca, teacher in the public schools 
of Johnson county; Charles E., farmer in Oklahoma; George S. and 
John, twins. George is operating his father's farm east of Olathe and 
John is deceased; Hattie, married Joel H. Tullis, employed in the mail 
service at Kansas City, Mo., and Oscar A., civil engineer, Leavenworth, 
Kan. Captain Zimmerman is independent in politics and puts good citi- 
zenship above any petty political creed. He has served as township 
trustee, is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, Franklin Post 
No. 68 and the Masonic lodge. He belongs to the Patrons of Husbandry 
and was one of the organizers of the Johnson county Cooperative Asso- 
ciation of which he was a director for thirty years. He also helped to 
organize the Patrons Bank of Olathe, and is a stockholder in both of 
these institutions. Captain Zimmerman has a record both military and 
civil of which any man might be justly proud. 

William J. Kelly, a well known and prosperous farmer of Olathe 
township, has been a resident of Johnson county since he was five 
years old. He was born in Boone county, Illinois, in 1854, and is a son 
of Alexander and Jane (Robinson) Kelly, natives of County Armah, Ire- 
land. Both parents came to America when young and settled in Boone 
county, Illinois, where they were married. They were the parents of thir- 
teen children, six of whom were born in Illinois, and seven in Johnson 
county, Kansas. The Kelly family came to Kansas in 1859 and the 
father, Alexander Kelly, worked at his trade, that of a stone mason, 
in Olathe for a time and, in i860, moved onto a rented farm. A short time 
afterward he and his brother, William, boug'ht a claim of 160 acres where 
his daughter, Mrs. Belle Shields, now resides. Alexander Kelly was one 
of the prominent pioneers of Johnson county and was always interested 
in the advancement and development of his adopted State. He was pub- 
lic-spirited and always took a prominent part in any movement for the 
upbuilding of Johnson county. He was one of the organizers and a 
charter member of the Grange and did a great deal to promote the de- 
velopment of that organization. He died December 31, 1903. William 
J. Kelly, whose name introduces this review, was reared and educated in 
Johnson county and has followed farming all his life and is one of the 
successful farmers and stock raisers of the county. Mr. Kelly was mar- 
ried in 1891 to Miss Hattie Millikan, a daughter of Branson Millikan, 
a native of Indiana and a pioneer of Johnson county. Mr. and Mrs. 
Kelly have two children, Edith, born January 11, 1892, a student in the 
Kansas State Agricultural College, at Manhattan, and Mildred, born 


October 24, 1896. Mr. Kelly is a member of Lone Elm Grange and was 
initiated in 1883, and is a Republican, which was the political creed of his 

Frank Ruttinger has been a resident of Johnson county for forty-six 
years. He is a native of Harrison township, Bedford county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and was born January 13, 1838. His parents were Michael and 
Anna Catherine (Wyant) Ruttinger, natives of Germany. They were 
married in the Fatherland and came to America in 1835. They landed in 
Baltimore, Md., and drove from there to Bedford county, Pennsylvania ; 
where they bought a farm and made their home there until the time of 
their deaths. Frank Ruttinger was one of a family of thirteen. He was 
one of the oldest of the boys of the family and when young was com- 
pelled to work out. He helped drovers drive cattle and such other odd 
jobs as he could get to do in the vicinity of his home. When he was 
eighteen years old he went to Indiana and worked at blacksmithing and 
cooperage, and in 1864 enlisted in Company G, Sixty-seventh regiment, 
Indiana infantry. He had tried to enlist in the early part of the war 
but was rejected. However, he persisted until he finally broke into the 
army. His regiment was attached to the Army of the Potomac, he was 
at the battle of Hatches Run, Siege of Petersburg, Sailors Creek and 
Farmsville. He was stationed at Richmond and Alexander for a time 
after Lee's surrender and then marched through to Washington from 
Richmond. He never was seriously wounded but received a gunshot 
wound in the arm, which he did not consider of a very serious nature. 
He was mustered out at Bailey's Crossroads, Va., and four weeks later 
received his honorable discharge at Philadelphia, Pa., by reason of the 
general order from the War Department on account of the close of the 
war. He then returned to Indiana and resumed his work at the cooper's 
trade. About six months later he went to work in the oil industry and 
ran an engine in connection with drilling and dressed oil tools. He 
bought property at Arma, Ind., and lived there until 1869, when he came 
to Johnson county, Kansas. When he came to this county he went 
south of Olathe as far as where Ocheltree now is, on the first train 
that ever went any farther south than Olathe on that road. He got off 
at a place the trainmen called "Billy Scott's House." This was about 
where the Ocheltree depot is now located. The conductor told Mr. 
Ruttinger that that was the first trip and that he would stop at "Billy 
Scott's house" and let him and another passenger off, because, that 
was about the best place to get off that there was along the line in that 
vicinity. After a few months, Mr. Ruttinger bought eighty acres of land 
on the "Black Bob" about a mile north and three miles east of Ocheltree 
and engaged in farming and stockraising. He bought additional land, 
when the opportunity offered and now owns 320 acres and is one of the 
successful farmers and stock men of Johnson county. He moved to 
Olathe in 1896, where he has a fine residence and is taking life easy. 


He rents his lands and looks after his various interests. Mr. Ruttinger 
was married, January 7, 1863, to Miss Mary Ann Dill, a native of Indiana 
county, Pennsylvania. She is a daughter of George and Eliabeth (Con- 
rad) Dill, both natives of Pennsylvania, who came to Kansas at an early 
day and spent the remainder of their lives in this State. They died at 
Clay Center, Kan. To Mr. and Mrs. Ruttinger have been born six 
children, as follows : Alma Grace, married John Butler. She died, leav- 
ing two children, Harry and Frank B., and these two boys were reared 
by their grandparents and are known by the name of Ruttinger. Harry 
resides in Kansas Citv and Frank B. is a construction engineer and 
makes Chicago his home. When sixteen years of age he enlisted in the 
Navy and served five years and one month, from 1901 to 1906. The 
other children of Mr. and Mrs. Ruttinger are, Cora Ellen, a trained 
nurse and served as an army nurse in the Spanish-American war; 
Georgie Ann was the wife of C. H. Schellhammer and is now deceased; 
Mary Elizabeth was the wife of Benjamin F. Hakes, now deceased; 
Frances Amanda resides in Olathe, and Warren J., Des Moines, Iowa. 
Mr. Ruttinger is a Republican and has taken an active part in political 
matters for years and in the old days of the political convention he 
rarely ever missed one. He has served on the school board and was one 
of the organizers of school district No. 88. He has been justice of the 
peace and has held various other local offices. He is a member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, Franklin Post, No. 68. He is a member 
of the Grange and a stockholder in the Grange store. He belongs to the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

Byron H. Tillotson, a leading real estate dealer of Olathe, Kan., is a 
native of Indiana, born in Elkhart, October 28, 1850. He is a son of 
Charles and Eliza Ann (Frink) Tillotson, the former a native of New 
York and the latter of Ohio, born in Sandusky. The father was left 
an orphan when a child and was reared to manhood by an uncle who 
resided in Toledo, Ohio. He learned the tinner's trade in early life and 
became an expert workman. When a young man he went to Elkhart, 
Ind., where he was married and in 1852 removed with his family to 
Henry county, Illinois, locating at Kewanee where he conducted a tin 
shop. His wife died there in 1855, and in 1859 he came to Shawnee, Kan.., 
with his children, and in i860 located at Olathe. They made the trip 
by rail from Kewanee to Quincy, 111., and then down the Mississippi 
river as far as Hannibal, Mo., by steamboat, and from there to St. Jo- 
seph by rail, and then came down the Missouri river by boat to Kansas 
City. When they reached Kansas City they stopped at the old Gillis 
House on the levee. Kansas City at that time was a mere boat landing. 
The father opened a tin shop on the north side of the square in Olathe 
where the Olathe Hotel now stands, in a two-story frame building which 
was blown away by a cyclone in 1866. He then erected a stone build- 
ing on the same corner, the walls of which are still standing and now a 


part of the Olathe Hotel. Here he conducted a hardware store and tin 
shop until 1870 when the business district seemed to center on the 
south side of the square and he moved into a store which stood on the 
present site of Collard & Norris' drug store. In 1876 he went to Graham 
county and took a homestead, and shortly after the town of Melbrook 
was built on his farm. The county seat was located there. He prospered 
and was the owner of seven buildings, and just as everything seemed to 
be progressing satisfactorily the town was visited by a cyclone and com- 
pletely destroyed and blown away. However, he remained in that 
county until his death, in 1901, at the age of seventy-three. Byron H. 
Tillotson has one sister, Alice F., unmarried, who resides in Chicago. 
Mr. Tillotson was educated in the public schools of Illinois and Kansas 
and attended a private school in Olathe, which was conducted by Prof. 
W. W. Deverell in the old Masonic building on North Cherry Street. 
He learned the tinner's trade with his father at odd times and when 
nineteen years old went to northern Missouri where he taught school and 
clerked in a store about a year and a half. He then went to Council 
Bluffs, Iowa, and worked at his trade there for a time, and later worked 
at Green River, Wyo. In 1871 he returned to Johnson county and en- 
gaged in the hardware and tinning business at Gardner. Four years 
later he removed to Olathe and engaged in the general mercantile busi- 
ness near the Frisco depot. After being thus engaged for a year he 
built a store building where the Masonic Temple now stands and con- 
ducted a hardware store and tinshop there for ten years. In 1887 ne ell ~ 
gaged in the real estate and general insurance business, to which he has 
devoted his time since and has met with success. Mr. Tillotson was mar- 
ried, December 31, 1874, at Gardner, to Miss Margaret C. Enyart, a native 
of Center Prairie, Bureau county, Illinois, who came to Kansas with her 
parents in 1866. To Mr. and Mrs. Tillotson have been born eight 
children, seven of whom are living, as follows: Mabel C, married Will 
J. Stewart, Russell, Kan.; Charles C, electrical engineer, Butte, Mont.; 
Clarence B., real estate dealer, Los Angeles, Cal. ; Frank H., photog- 
rapher, Wilcox, Ariz. ; Margaret C, teacher, Olathe ; Elroy E., student, 
and Mary L., student. Air. Tillotson has served two terms as justice of 
the peace. He is a member of the Court of Honor and has been secretary 
of his lodge fifteen years. He and his wife are members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church. 

Harry Bradshaw is the leading household furnishing goods dealer of 
Olathe, Kan. The career of Harry Bradshaw is a striking example of 
what the American boy can accomplish by industry and determination 
under adverse circumstances. He was born in Buchanan county, Mis- 
souri, March 29, i860, son of John and Sabrina (Sparks) Bradshaw, both 
natives of Kentucky. The father died when Harry was two years old, 
and the mother married Henry J. Culp, who is now deceased. The 
mother resides in Kansas City, Kan., and is eighty-four years old. She 


comes from a family noted for their longevity, her mother being ninety- 
nine years and eight months old when she died. Harry Bradshaw was 
the only child born to his parents. The family came to Johnson county 
in 1867, crossing the Kaw river on a ferry boat and lccated near De- 
Soto. Harry was never especially devoted to his step-father, and when 
a child of only nine years of age, left home and notwithstanding that he 
was frail and delicate and a victim of rheumatism at that early age, he 
went to work for farmers in the neighborhood and on many occasions 
hoed corn on crutches for fifteen cents a day. He worked as a farm 
laborer until he was twenty-one years old, sometimes attending school 
during the winter months. He then came to Olathe and entered the 
employ of E. S. Saunders, as a piano and sewing machine salesman in 
Johnson county and for fourteen years followed that line of work for 
Mr. Saunders, and was a remarkable success as a salesman. He has 
driven every inch of road in Johnson county and perhaps is more famil- 
iar with every locality in the county than any other man within its bor- 
ders. In 1895 he entered the employ of Willis Keefer, as clerk, and 
after remaining there for a time, was engaged in the livery business for 
a year. He then entered the employ of John Elder in the furniture busi- 
ness, and in 1903 engaged in the household furnishing- business for him- 
self. He started in a small way but under his capable management his 
business had a rapid development. His entire capital, twelve years ago, 
consisted of $400 in cash, and today he has the largest furniture stock 
in Johnson county and does a large cash and installment business. His 
store is located in the Hyre building on East Park Street and has a floor 
space of over 8,000 feet. Mr. Bradshaw was united in marriage in 
1882 to Miss Lilly McKnight. She was born near Lawrence, Kan., and 
is a daughter of John McKnight, a native of Illinois and one of the 
pioneer settlers of the Kaw valley. He homesteaded the place where 
Mrs. Bradshaw was born and spent his life there. His wife died in 
Olathe some years after his death. To Mr. and Mrs. Bradshaw have 
been born two children : Sadie, now Mrs. Henr}^ Gardner, of Olathe, 
and John O. Both Mr. Gardner and John O. are employed in Mr. Brad- 
shaw's furniture store. Mr. Bradshaw is a Republican and has served 
as constable and been under-sheriff of Johnson county. He is a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Methodist Episcopal 

Deitrich Busch is one of Johnson county's most successful farmers, 
and resides at Lenexa. He was born in Brunswick, Germany, January 
1, 1853, a son of John and Zena (Bohlman) Busch. The parents spent 
their lives in their native land and made farming their life occupation. 
Four brothers of the Busch family came to America. Henry came in 
1863 and located in Cincinnati, Ohio, Hermann came with Henry and 
located in Preble county, Ohio, and another brother, Caspar, who is 
now a prosperous farmer in Olathe township, immigrated to America and 


joined the other two brothers at Cincinnati, and in 1869 Deitrich came 
to Preble county, Ohio, where the other three brothers had located in 
the meantime. Deitrich Busch remained in Preble county until 1872, 
when he came to Kansas, locating in Johnson county. When he arrived 
here he had very little money, perhaps about $200. The father had 
given each of the boys $50 when the}" left home and Deitrich had saved 
a little out of his earnings while in Ohio. He worked for his brother, 
Herman, for two years after coming to Kansas, and then worked 
for six months for W. P. Haskins, and then worked for his brother, 
Caspar Busch, for seven years. He first bought forty acres of land for 
$850 and has continued to buy additional land and add to his original 
holdings until he now owns two farms in Shawnee township, one of 
160 and the other of 120 acres. This land cost him in different lots, at 
various times, from $40 to $70 per acre, and at the lowest estimate, it 
would now be worth $125 per acre. Both his farms are well improved, 
with good buildings, and under an excellent state of cultivation ; and in 
appearance these places have few equals, and no superiors, in Johnson 
county. Mr. Busch now makes his home at Lenexa, where he has a nice 
residence, and has lived there since 1914. He was married, in 1882, to 
Miss Katheryn Brandt, a native of Germany, born in i860, and came to 
America in 1880. and to this union have been born three children, as fol- 
lows : Zena, who married Jesse Moody, of Shawnee township, and 
they have one child, Katheryn ; John, farmer near Lenexa, married Flor- 
ence Klingler and they have two children, Lois Grace and Robert John ; 
and Herman, farmer near Lenexa, married Edria Soller; a son, Richard 
Henry, was born to them September 4, 1915. Mr. Busch is one of John- 
son county's foremost citizens who by his industry and enterprise has 
made himself what he is today. 

Edwin A. Legler, former postmaster and a well known merchant of 
Lenexa, Kan., is a native of Johnson county. He was born on a farm 
near Lenexa, December 7, 1868, and is a son of Fred and Martha Jane 
(Spalding) Legler, the former a native of St. Louis, born in 1847, an d the 
latter of Tennessee, born in 1848. Fred Legler, the father, was a son 
of Adam and Elizabeth Legler. Adam Legler died in Johnson county 
in 1893. He was a native of Switzerland and immigrated to America 
when a young man and first settled in St. Louis, Mo., where he worked 
at his trade. He was a cheesemaker. In 1864, he came to Kansas, com- 
ing up the Missouri river by boat. He located in Shawnee township, 
Johnson county, about a mile east of Lenexa. He bought land from the 
Shawnee Indians when he came here and remained on his original 
homestead until his death ; his wife also died on the old home farm. 
Fred Legler, son of Adam Legler, settled on a farm adjoining his 
father's place and resided there until 191 2, when he removed to Lenexa. 
He still owns his farm which is well improved and contains 160 acres; 
besides this he owns considerable town property in Lenexa. Edwin 


A. Legler is one of a family of four children, born to Fred and Martha 
Jane (Spalding) Legler, as follows: Edwin A., the subject of this 
sketch ; Adolphus, station agent for the Missouri, Kansas & Texas rail- 
road, at Eddy, Tex. ; Frank, McPherson, Kan., and Mrs. Elizabeth Starr, 
who resides with her parents. Edwin A. Legler received his education 
in the district schools of Johnson county and Central Wesleyan College, 
Warrenton, Mo. He farmed for some years and was a telegraph opera- 
tor for a time, and in 1893 engaged in the mercantile business at Lenexa, 
Kan., and has been in business there longer than any other merchant. 
Mr. Legler started in business with very limited capital. He had only 
$128.00 in cash when he opened his store at Lenexa, but he has prospered 
and added to his stock and today is one of the extensive merchants of 
Johnson county. By close application to business and following honest 
methods, he has won the confidence of the public and built up a large 
trade. He owns his own store building and considerable other town 
property in Lenexa. He takes a deep interest in the development of 
the town of Lenexa because he and Lenexa have grown up together, 
and have more than a passing interest in each other. He has been a 
factor in the development of the town ever since it started. He was 
appointed postmaster of Lenexa, March 2, 1903, and served until Febru- 
ary 1, 1915. He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and is a Republican. Mr. Legler was married, September 15, 1897, to 
Miss Effie Williams, a native of Lenexa and 3 daughter of A. P. and 
Martha Jane Williams. Mr. and Mrs. Legler have one child, Lois Mil- 
dred, five years of age. One son died in infancy- 

Eldon Vincent Knox, chief of the Olathe fire department, is a native 
son of Johnson county. He was born in Olathe, December 2, 1885, and 
is a son of William A. and Eliza (Orr) Knox, both natives of Ohio, the 
former born in 1853 and the latter in 1855. They were married in 
Illinois and are the parents of six children, five of whom are living, as 
follows : Maud, married W. G. Tainter and resides at Olathe ; Gertrude, 
married W. B. Rebsamen and resides in Olathe; Edna, married Will 
Sutton, Kansas City, Mo. ; Marie, married Guy Johnson, a farmer north 
of Olathe, and Eldon Vincent, whose name introduces this review. Eldon 
Vincent Knox attended the public schools in Olathe and Kansas City, 
Mo., and worked at various occupations until 1909 when he came to 
Olathe and entered the employ of Hodges Brothers, where he remained 
until October, 1912, when he became chief of the Olathe fire depart- 
ment, and has held that position to the present time. The Olathe fire 
department is unusual in its efficiency for a town the size of Olathe. 
They have a high-power automobile hose-truck, which is also equipped 
with a modern fire-extinguisher and the organization is such, that they 
practically have ten firemen on duty. Added to this equipment and ar- 
rangement Olathe has a water system with an ample supply of water 
with high pressure which gives to Olathe, perhaps, the best fire protec- 


tion in the State of Kansas. Mr. Knox was married at Leavenworth, 
Kan., September 11, 191 1, to Miss Carrie Alice Petry. She was a native 
of Osceola, Mo., born December 2, 1889, and died February 2, 1915, 
leaving one child, Doris Neoma, born July 22, 1912. 

Mr. Knox is a member of the Fraternal Order of Eagles, the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, the Kansas Fraternal Citizens and the 
Masonic lodge. He has been interested in fire protection since his boy- 
hood and has made a careful study of fire-fighting and fire-prevention in 
Kansas City and elsewhere, and is especially well equipped in theory- 
and experience for the position which he holds. 

S. E. Wilkinson, a progressive and prosperous business man of Olathe, 
is a native of the Keystone State. Mr. Wilkinson was born in Meadville, 
Pa., in 1856, and is a son of S. L. and Mary (Harper) Wilkinson, natives 
of Pennsylvania. S. E. is one of a family of five children, as follows : 
Minnie, a teacher of Meadville, Pa. ; Edwin, a photographer, Roswell, N. 
M. ; Ella, teacher of domestic science in the State University of Utah ; 
Maud, a stenographer, of Los Angeles, Cal. ; and S. E., the sub- 
ject of this sketch. S. E. Wilkinson was educated in the public schools 
of Meadville, Pa., receiving a good high school education. At the age 
of eighteen he went to LaHarpe, 111., and learned the tinner's trade, and 
after having served an apprenticeship, worked at his trade in various 
parts of Illinois for three or four years. He then went to Missouri and 
located at Independence where he worked at his trade six months. 
April 6, 1881, he came to Olathe, and entered the employ of A. J. Clem- 
mens. He worked at his trade in Olathe until 1900, with the exception 
of the years 1891-2 when he was in Colorado. In 1900 he opened a tin- 
shop on South Cherry Street, in partnership with Henry Nowling. They 
conducted this business for three years when Mr. Wilkinson located at 
114 South Cherry Street, where he has since been engaged in business. 
Shortly after locating at the latter place he added plumbing to his already 
well-established trade, and today has the leading tinning and plumb- 
ing business in the city of Olathe. Mr. Wilkinson was united in mar- 
riage, February 3, 1897, to Miss Susie Welker, of Olathe. She is a native 
of Cape Girardeau, Mo. Mr. and Mrs. Wilkinson are well knoAvn in 
Olathe and Johnson county and have many friends. 

Cal N. Smallwood, of Olathe, was born in Monroe county, Indiana, 
February 2, 1854, and is a Johnson county pioneer. He came to John- 
son county when he was a small boy, and has a distinct recollection 
of the early days in Lexington township, where he attended the pio- 
neer schools and grew to manhood. He is a son of Alexander and Cas- 
sinda (Zike) Smallwood, the former a native of North Carolina, born 
December 9, 1828, and the latter a native of Indiana, born in Monroe 
county, October 8, 1830. They were the parents of eight children as 
follows : Enoch, born in 1852, in Monroe county, Indiana ; Nathan, 
born in 1856; Elijah, born in 1857; Rebecca Nichols, born in i860, lives 


in St. Joseph, Mo. ; Ella, born in 1862, died in Johnson county, Kansas ; 
Alexander, born in 1864; Ellsworth, born in 1869, deceased, and William, 
born in 1869, also deceased. The Smallwood family came to Kansas in 
1865, when Cal N. was a little past ten years of age. They settled in Lex- 
ington township, and lived on a rented farm, owned by Charles Pellett 
on Kill creek, for the first season. The following year, the father bought 
120 acres of Indian land from Thomas Bone. This was raw, unbroken 
prairie land and the father built a house, and broke some of the prairie 
the first year, and proceeded to improve the place and soon made of it 
a very fine farm, and, under a high state of cultivation. When the 
Smallwood family settled in Lexington township, there were a great 
many Indians still in that vicinity, and in the winter of 1867-8, forty or 
fifty Shawnee Indians camped near their place on Kill creek, before go- 
ing to their southern reservation. Mr. Smallwood says that he made 
many trips to De Soto with a small grist of corn, which he carried on 
horseback to the mill there to be ground into meal, and he recalls with 
much delight the excellent fishing to be found in the early days in the 
streams of Lexington township. He says the Indians were failures as 
farmers in Lexington township, but that the squaws raised small patches 
of corn, while the Indians traded ponies and hunted. Cal N. Smallwood 
was married in 1883 to Miss Jennie Russell, of Olathe township, and a 
member of one of the Johnson county pioneer families. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Smallwood have been born the following children : Viola, married J. C. 
Ferguson, Kansas City, Mo. ; James Earl, married Lee Barton, of Texas, 
and they reside in Oklahoma ; May, married Jesse McDonald, Olathe ; 
Iva Pearl, married Charles Abell, Olathe, and John, born in 1898, resides 
in Olathe. Mr. Smallwood knew man)' of the very first settlers of Lex- 
ington township, among whom might be mentioned James Hawkins, 
Penner, Louis Hammer, Charles and Walter Pellett, Tom and Will 
Reed, and many others whose courage, foresight and endurance made 
Johnson county what it is today. 

J. P. Lesueur, a Johnson county pioneer and one of the successful 
men of affairs of this county, is now living retired in Olathe. Mr. 
Lesueur is a native of Kentucky, born November 10, 1836. He is a son 
of Jasper C. and Catherine (Price) Lesueur. Catherine Price, the 
mother, was born in Kentucky, in 181 1, and was a descendant of a promi- 
nent Southern family, and a first cousin of Gen. Sterling Price, the well 
known Confederate general. Jasper C. Lesueur was also a native of 
Kentucky, his parents being Virginians, and of French descent. He was 
one of a family of six children, as follows : Norcissa, Eliza, Mary, Susan, 
Jasper and John. To Jasper C. and Catherine (Price) Lesueur were 
born the following children: Susan, Mary, Sydney, Bettie, John M. and 
J. P., the subject of this sketch. J. P. Lesueur was educated in private 
schools and lived the life of the average boy in the early-day sur- 
roundings of his Missouri home, until the Civil war broke out. His 


sympathies were with the South by reason of environment and inherit- 
ance, and it was not by mere accident that he cast his lot with the lost 
cause. He enlisted at Antioch Church, four miles north of Kansas City, 
Mo., in the State militia and served under General Price. Later he en- 
listed in the regular Confederate army, April i, 1862, at Van Buren, 
Ark. He served four years in all, and at the close of the war was pa- 
roled, at Meridian, Miss., in 1865. Mr. Lesueur had a long and event- 
ful military career, and was a participant in many of the important en- 
gagements of that great conflict. He was at the battle of Lexington, 
Mo., Elk Horn Tavern, or Pea Ridge, Ark., Farmington, Tenn., Corinth, 
Miss., Champion Hill, Miss., Iuka, Miss., Grand Gulf, Miss., and many 
other engagements and skirmishes, besides the memorable siege of 
Vicksburg, where he was under fire for forty-seven days and nights 
continuously. He had been under fire ten consecutive days before that, 
which made fifty-seven days under continuous bombardment. Mr. 
Lesueur's description of the siege of Vicksburg gives a very good idea 
of the horrors of the war in the sixties. He was wounded at Vicksburg - , 
being struck on the head by a fragment from a bursting- shell. He relates 
many instances, some pathetic and others humorous, of the days of his 
military experience. He relates an instance of finding a sentry, who was 
a raw recruit, asleep on duty one night. Mr. Lesueur took the gun from 
the sleeping sentinel, and the next day he was ordered to take the senti- 
nel who had slept on duty to General Price's headquarters, which was 
about fifteen miles away. General Price asked what the charge was 
against the soldier, and when told that it was sleeping at his post, while 
on duty, the general looked the young man in the eye, and said : "Do 
you know that the penalty for going to sleep while on duty, is death?" 
Mr. Lesueur says that General Price then proceeded to give the young 
man one of the most tender and touching lectures on the duties of a 
sentry that he ever heard fall from the lips of a man, and when he had 
finished the general turned to Mr. Lesueur and said, "Return him to his 
command." Two years later while Mr. Lesueur was campaigning in 
the South a Confederate soldier who recognized him asked if he remem- 
bered taking a gun from a sleeping sentinel at Horse Creek, Mo., and 
when Mr. Lesueur answered that he did, the soldier said, "Well, I'm 
the man, but no d — m man has ever gotten my gun since." 

Mr. Lesueur not only experienced four years of real military life, 
but his home in Clay county, Missouri, was in the heart of the border 
war which was being waged for a number of years before the Civil 
war. Mr. Lesueur tells of a visit to his home by Jennison's Jayhawkers. 
They rode up to his mother's place, and demanded any firearms on 
the place and other valuables. Mrs. Lesueur had hidden their revolver, 
and after searching the place the Jayhawkers endeavored to take one of 
the horses from the place, but the animal seemed to know the nature and 
intent of the Jayhawker visitors and would not permit itself to be 


caught, and in making- its escape from the Jayhawkers the horse jumped 
over a five-rail fence, and did not show up around the place again for 
five days. Mr. Lesueur first came to Kansas in 1857, but when he 
was here the county had not yet been surveyed and he did not remain 
long, but returned to Clay county, Missouri. After the close of the 
Civil war, he returned to his Clay county home where he remained un- 
til 1873 when he came to Johnson county, and bought 320 acres, six 
miles northwest of Olathe, for which he paid $10 per acre. He 
improved this place and followed farming and stock raising until 1904 
when he sold it and removed to Olathe, and purchased ten and one-half 
acres within the city limits, which has since been his home. Mr. 
Lesueur was united in marriage in Clay county, Missouri, March 5, 1867, 
to Miss Frances Elizabeth Woods, a native of Clay county, whose par- 
ents were very early settlers of that section. To Mr. and Mrs. Le- 
sueur have been born eight children, as follows : Mattie, bookkeeper 
for T. M. Jones, Kansas City, resides in Olathe; Kittie, employed at the 
Institute for the Blind, Kansas City, Kan. ; Nora, clerk in the Kansas 
City, Kan., postoffice ; Nancy Wolverton, who resides in North Dakota ; 
Mary, resides at home with her parents; H. Clay, farmer in Monticello 
township ; Jasper C, a farmer in Lexington township, and James, also 
a farmer in Lexington township. The Lesueur family is well known 
and highly respected in Johnson county. If Mr. or Mrs. Lesureur live 
until March 5, 1916, they will celebrate their golden wedding anniver- 

Charles B. Smith, of Holliday, came to Kansas in 1869 and has spent 
forty-six years of his life in Johnson county. He is a descendant of 
pioneer American stock on the maternal side. The Buffington family, 
that history records as being massacred on Buffington Island in 1778, 
belonged to the same family from whom Mr. Smith's mother descended. 
The parents of Charles D. Smith were William L. Smith and Jacy Buf- 
fington, natives of Indiana. They were the parents of five children, as 
follows: Charles B., the subject of this sketch; Anna S. Frame, Bonner 
Springs, Kan. ; Jesse, who was killed at the battle of Gettysburg, July 
1, 1863; Joseph, died near Monticello, 1896; and Lois, died at Monticello 
in 1896. Charles B. Smith was reared in Indiana, received a common 
school education and was working on the home farm, and in the spring 
of 1861, although but seventeen years old, when President Lincoln 
called for troops to defend the Union, he was one of the first to respond. 
He enlisted in April and served in the Army of the Potomac, participat- 
ing in most of the important battles of the war. He served under Gen- 
erals McClellan, Hooker, Burnside, Meade. Phil Sheridan and Grant. 
He was at Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, Uniontown, Fredericks- 
burg (both engagements), Chancellorsville, Culpeper Court House, 
Gettysburg, Wilderness, and to the best of his knowledge and belief 
he fired the first shot at the Battle of the. Wilderness. He was also 


at Cold Harbor, Petersburg' and on the Wilson raid, down the Roanoke 
river, then back with the army to the Shenandoah Valley to intercept 
General Early's army that was marching- on Washington. On Sep- 
tember 16, 1864, he was severely wounded in an engagement with Mose- 
by's men at Snicker's Gap on the Blue Ridge mountains. After being 
wounded, he was taken prisoner and after an investigation Moseby's 
men decided that he was so severely wounded that it would prove fatal, 
and they were indifferent about guarding him so he succeeded in escap- 
ing. At the close of the war he returned to Indiana, and in 1869 came 
to Kansas, and since that time has made his home in Monticello town- 
ship. Mr. Smith is very familiar with much of the early history of the 
lower Kaw valley. When he came here he met, and became very well 
acquainted with John M. Owens, who had lived in this section many 
years and who was married to a Shawnee woman and lived among the 
Indians and traded with them and he, at various times, related many 
'early historical incidents to Mr. Smith. Owens told him that the flood 
of 1844 was two feet higher than that of 1903 and that in the flood of 
1844 the first mill that was built in Kansas was washed away. This mill 
was located on Mill creek, on the farm which Charles Ellis now owns, 
and it was built for the Shawnee Indians by the Government. Owens 
also claimed that the first wheat grown in Kansas was raised where the 
Ellis farm now is, in 1844. Charles B. Smith has been twice married, 
his first wife being Amanda Carbaugh, a native of Indiana, to whom 
he was married in 1866. Six children were born to this union, as fol- 
lows : Anna, '"orn in Indiana in 1867, died in Monticello, in 1879; Will- 
iam L., born in 1870, a railroad man, residing at Emporia; Myrtle, born 
in 1873, died in Kansas City, Kan., in 1915 ; Ralph B., born in 
1877, resides at Kansas City, Kan., and is an employee of the city; 
Daniel, born in 1880, a farmer in Platte county, Missouri, and Bessie, 
born in 1883, died in 1884. All the children, except Anna, the oldest, 
were born in Johnson county. The wife and mother of these children 
died in 1908, and in 191 5 Mr. Smith married Mrs. Anna Durcan, ot 
Mound City, Kan. She was born in 1861 and is a native of Madison 
county, Illinois, and came to Kansas with her parents in 1870. 

Patrick H. Murphy, a retired merchant of Spring Hill, Kan., has spent 
nearly fifty years of his life in the Sunflower State. He was born in 
County Armagh, Ireland, May 1, 1842, and is a son of James and Mary 
(McArdle) Murphy, both natives of County Armagh. James Murphy 
was a son of Peter and Nancy (Finnegan) Murphy. He spent his life in 
his native land. His wife, Mary McArdle, was a daughter of John Mc- 
Ardle. Patrick H. Murphy was one of a family of six children. He 
received a good common school education in his native land. When a 
boy of ten years old he secured his first position, carrying mail to some 
private families in Newton-Hamilton. He did this work in connection 
with attending school. When about fifteen years of age, like many other 


boys of his native land, he had heard the stories of the wonderful pos- 
sibilities and opportunities in America, and determined to come to this 
country and learn a trade. His ancestors for generations had been 
butchers, but the boy determined not to follow in their footsteps in 
choosing" a vocation. He wanted to learn some other trade. Pursuant 
to his determination on June 24, 1857, when only fifteen years old, he em- 
barked on the sailing" vessel "Endymion" at Liverpool, England, bound 
for New York. He was accompanied by no friends or relatives and six 
weeks and three days after setting sail from Liverpool they reached 
New York. After spending a few days in the great American metrop- 
olis, he went to Vermont where an uncle, Peter Murphy, lived. He 
remained in Vermont, with the exception of one year that he spent in 
Massachusetts, until 1866, when he came to Kansas, locating in John- 
son county. He entered the employ of the Barlow, Sanderson & Com- 
pany stage line, as a hostler at the stage station, one and one-half miles 
north of Olathe. He remained in that position for two years and in 1868,. 
when the Kansas City & St. Scott railroad was built, he entered the 
employ of William G. Davis, as clerk, at "Old Town," Spring Hill. Mr. 
Davis kept a general store and was also postmaster. Mr. Murphy 
remained in that position with Mr. Davis and his successor, M. F. 
Moore, until 1872, when he engaged in the grocery and drug business 
for himself, and remained in that business continuously until April, 
1914, when he sold out. He conducted his business at the same location 
all these forty-two years and was very successful, accumulating a com- 
petence. The story of Mr. Murphy's career is the story of what can be 
accomplished by a poor boy whose only assets at the beginning were 
industry and honesty, with a determination to succeed. When he came 
to Kansas he had $2.40. Today he is one of the well-to-do men of John- 
son county. He owns two valuable farms, besides business property and 
his residence in Spring Hill. Mr. Murphy was united in marriage 
January 1, 1877, to Miss Mary E. Daugherty, a daughter of Edward and. 
Catherine (Buckley) Daugherty, natives of Roscommon county, Ire- 
land, who immigrated to America in 1865 and settled in Miani county,. 
Kansas. To this union were born seven children, one son and six 
daughters, two daughters now residing with the father at Spring HilL 
The wife and mother departed this life January 25, 1905. The family 
are members of the Catholic church, and Mr. Murphy is a member of 
the Knights of Columbus, and politically is a stanch Democrat. 

G. W. Elliott has spent over a third of a century in Johnson county, 
and during that time he has been a prominent factor in the history of 
Holliday. Mr. Elliott was born in Cass county, Illinois, in 1849, an d 
is a son of John Elliott and Margaret Frye, who were married in Con- 
necticut in 1844. They were both natives of Ireland, the former born 
County Antrim and the latter in County Tyrone. John and Margaret 
(Frye) Elliott were the parents of the following children: William,. 


resides in San Francisco, Calif.; Thomas, resides in Colorado; G. W., 
die subject of this sketch, Robert, resides in St. Louis, Mo.; David, 
resides at Bairdstown, 111.; and Lucy resides at Superior, Neb. G. W. 
Elliott received a good common school education in Cass county, Illi- 
nois, and followed farming in early life and also worked at the carpenter 
trade some, when a boy ; later he entered the employ of the Chicago, 
Burlington & Ouincy Railroad Company and for six years followed 
railroading. In 1882 he came to Kansas, locating at Holliday,. 
July 3, of that year. When he reached here he found that his 
knowledge of the carpenter's trade was of considerable importance,, 
for carpenters were in demand in the little settlement of Holliday. 
He immediately began work as a carpenter and contractor. He built 
the first schoolhouse in District No. 100, which was afterward destroyed 
by fire ; he also built a number of residences in Holliday, including his 
own cozy home on Jefferson Street. There were only three houses at 
Holliday when Mr. Elliott arrived at that place, and these were the 
residences of S. R. Cole, Robert Aikens and Mrs. Charles, a widow. Mr. 
Elliott lived in a tent during the first summer that he was here. Since 
coming to Johnson county, he has taken a live interest in public affairs- 
and has held a number of important offices of trust and responsibility. 
In 1901 he was appointed postmaster of Holliday by President McKin- 
lev and for over thirteen years faithfully and efficiently discharged the 
duties of that office. He was elected constable in 1896 and was twice 
re-elected to that office serving three terms in all. He was appointed 
justice of the peace by Governor Leedy, and was afterwards elected to 
that office for four terms, and is now a notary public receiving his first 
commission from Governor Stubbs and now holding one from Governor 
Hodges. Mr. Elliott is one of the substantial men of Johnson county 
and one of its leading citizens. Mr. Elliott has been appointed post- 
master again. 

Andrew Smith, cashier of the De Soto State Bank, is well known in 
financial circles of eastern Kansas. He is a native of Ireland, born 
in County Antrim, November 26, 1872, and is a son of James and Mar- 
garet (Faulkner) Smith, natives of Ireland. Andrew Smith spent his 
boyhood days in his native land where he received a good common 
school education. He came to Kansas in 1892, and for two years was a 
student at Baker University, Baldwin, Kan. The family located on a 
farm in Shawnee county. After attending Baldwin University, he 
worked as a stenographer and bookkeeper for a time in various posi- 
tions. In 1897 his banking - career began when he entered the John R. 
Mulvane Bank of Topeka, as bookkeeper. He remained in that capa- 
city until 1902 when he accepted the cashiership of the Bennington State 
Bank of Bennington, Kan., and three years later became cashier of the 
Parker State Bank. He next became cashier of the State Bank at Eu- 
dora, Kan., and in 1914 became cashier of the De Soto State Bank, a 


position which he has since capably filled. Mr. Smith has had a broad 
experience in the banking" field and is capable financier. "He is a man 
of good judgment and thoughtful foresight, and his courteous and 
obliging manner makes many friends for the institution which he repre- 
sents. He was married in 1897 to Miss Lillian Y. Yount, of Topeka, 
Kan. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have one child, Margaret. 

Elias Branick, a Civil war veteran and early settler in Johnson 
county, is a native of North Carolina. He was born in Surry county, 
July 4, 1839, and is a son of Henry and Sibby (Dickens) Branick, na- 
tives of North Carolina, the former of Roan county. They were the 
parents of sixteen children, fourteen boys and two girls, all born in 
North Carolina and only three of whom are now living, as follows : 
Daniel resides at Edmund, Okla. ; Julia Zimmerman, Neodesha, Kan., 
and Elias, of this review. Elias Branick was reared in North Carolina, 
and received his education in private schools. He led the quiet life of the 
average young man of his time, before the Civil war. He came to Kan- 
sas when a young man and took up a claim on the Black Bob reserva- 
tion, near Stanley, which he later sold. In 1861, Mr. Branick enlisted 
at Cassville, Mo., in Company A, First regiment, Arkansas cavalry, and 
served four years, eight months and thirteen days. Mr. Branick saw 
service in Kansas, Missouri and Arkansas and took part in many hard- 
fought battles, including Prairie Grove. Mr. Branick has been twice 
married, his first wife being Miss Belle Smith, to whom he was married 
at Fayetteville, Ark. Two children were born to this union and the 
wife and mother died in Wilson county, Kansas, and her remains are 
buried at Fredonia. On February 4, 1894, Mr. Branick was united in 
marriage to Alice Bright, of Newtonia, Mo.. She is a native of Camers- 
ville, Ky. After the close of the war, Mr. Branick served as a deputy 
United States marshal for some time, and in that capacity went to 
Old Mexico twice and made two trips across the plains in the early 
days. Mr. Branick is one of De Soto's well known citizens. He has a 
cozy home in De Soto, where he and his wife are spending their declin- 
ing days in comfort. 

Robert R. Moore, of De Soto, Kan., is a Johnson county pioneer and 
Civil war veteran. He is a native of Ohio, born in Trumbull county in 
1841, and is a son of John and Mary (Crooks) Moore, both natives of 
Ohio. Robert R. Moore was one of a family of seven, three of whom 
are now living as follows : Sarah Steel resides in Ohio ; Alice Sheldon, 
a resident of Johnson county, and Robert R., the subject of this sketch. 
Robert R. Moore was reared and educated in his native State and 
about the time he reached the age of manhood the Civil war broke out 
and he enlisted in Company H, Eighty-seventh regiment, Ohio infan- 
try, and was afterwards transferred to the One Hundred and Seventy- 
first regiment, Ohio infantry. He was with his regiment in many im- 
portant battles and a number of skirmishes. He was at Harper's Ferry, 


and in the campaign in the Shenandoah Valley. Mr. Moore was never 
wounded in the service, but was taken prisoner and later paroled. In 
1868 he came to Kansas, locating at De Soto where he worked at the 
blacksmith trade for a time, and later worked at his trade in the Potawa- 
tomie Indian Reservation in Jackson county, Kansas. Mr. Moore relates 
many interesting and amusing' incidents in connection with his stay on 
the Indian reservation. One of his recollections, of the nature of the 
noble "red man" was on an occasion when some friends of Mr. Moore, 
from the East were visiting the reservation and they were very anxious 
to witness an exhibition of the Indians' skill with the bow and arrow. 
The Indians, however, were reluctant to stage the exhibition until finally 
one of the white men placed his hat on the fence and then all the 
Indians present shot at the hat and the white men had seen the exhibi- 
tion, but one of them was hatless as there was nothing left of the hat 
but shreds. After remaining on the Indian reservation a few years, Mr. 
Moore returned to De Soto, and since that time has been engaged in 
farming. He now owns 240 acres of land about two miles west of De 
Soto where he has been engaged in farming since 1880. He was married 
in 1863 in Trumbull county, Ohio, to Miss Lusina Belden and one child, 
John, was born to this union. Mrs. Moore died in 1908. Mr. Moore has 
taken an active part in the political life of Johnson county and has 
served one term as county commissioner, and made a record notable for 
the painstaking care with which he administered public affairs. 

J. E. Deweese, the capable manager of the De Soto Lumber Company, 
of De Soto, Kan., is one of Johnson county's progressive business men. 
Mr. Deweese is a native of Kansas, born at Hillsdale, Miami county, 
March 22, 1880, and is a son of J. F. and Mary Louisa (Marshall) 
Deweese. J. F. Deweese was born at Monmouth, 111., May 30, 1839, 
and came to Kansas and located in Miami county in the fifties. When 
the Civil war broke out he was one of the first to respond to the Presi- 
dent's call for volunteers. He enlisted at Paola, Kan., in April, 1861, in 
Company I, Twelfth regiment, Kansas infantry. He received a gun 
shot wound in the right arm below the elbow, while on the firing line 
at Jenkin's Ferry, Ark., in 1863. He was taken prisoner after being 
wounded and confined in the Confederate prison camp at Ford, Texas, 
for thirteen months. S. R. Hogue, of Spring Hill, a comrade, was a 
fellow prisoner. Mr. Hogue, with some other soldiers, dug a tunnel, 
through which they made their escape, but Mr. Deweese on account of 
his wounded arm was unable to crawl through the small hole and was 
compelled to remain in prison. However, he assisted his comrades in 
every way possible and they made their escape. He died at Spring 
Hill, November 2, 1893. He married Mary Louise Marshall at Spring 
Hill, May 25, 1869. She was a native of St. Johns, Newfoundland, born 
March 18, 1849. She now resides with her son, William Deweese, at 
Bonner Springs, Kan. To J. F. and Mary Louisa (Marshall) Deweese 


were born nine children, as follows : Harry, born in Miami county, and 
died at the age of four years; Bertie died at the age of four years ; Eddie 
died at the age of nine years, as a result of accidental burns ; William 
Marshall, born December 4, 1877, married May Hudson, is now manager 
of the Bonner Springs Lumber Company, Bonner Springs, Kan. ; J. E., 
the subject of this sketch; Mollie Frances, born at Hillsdale, Kan., Sep- 
tember 27, 1883, now the wife of Edward Morgan, of Lenexa, Kan. ; 
Dale Drennen, born at Hillsdale, Kan., March 5, 1886, married Lena 
Scarf and resides in Kansas City, Kan. ; Sarah Ethel, born May 5, 
1888, at Olathe, Kan., married John Green at Spring Hill, December 19, 
1909, and they reside at Maryville, Mo., and have one daughter, Thelma; 
and Charles Maxwell, born at Spring Hill, February 26, 1891, is employed 
in the United States mail service and resides at Kansas City, Kan. J. 
E. Deweese received a good public school education, but at the death 
of his father gave up school and went to work in the Grange store at 
Spring Hill, under Isaac Rudy, who was manager at that time. He 
followed clerking in Spring- Hill for ten years, and then entered the 
employ of the Metropolitan Railway Company of Kansas City, Mo. 
In 1902, he returned to Spring Hill and entered the employ of his former 
employer, John Drury, for a time and then went to Grandin, Mo., in the 
employ of the Missouri Lumber and Mining Company for three years. 
In 1905 he entered the employ of Hodges Brothers Lumber Company 
at their Spring Hill yard. He remained there until 1908 when he ac- 
cepted the position as manager of the De Soto Lumber Company, a posi- 
tion which he has since successfully filled. Mr. Deweese is a practical 
business man, and, although a young man, has had a broad and varied 
experience in the business world. He was united in marriage, October 
25, 1905, to Miss Mary Edna Deem, of Spring Hill, Kan. She is a 
daughter of David and Rhoda Deem, early settlers of Spring Hill town- 
ship. To Mr. and Mrs. Deweese have been born two children, Rhoda 
Maxine, born at Spring Hill, July 28, 1907, and Grace Mildred, born 
March 31, 191 1, at De Soto, Kan. 

B. S. Taylor, president and treasurer of the Taylor Mercantile Com- 
pany, De Soto, Kan., belongs to a family of pioneer merchants of John- 
son county. His father, Charles H. Taylor, was a member of the firm 
Taylor, Baldwin & Company, who engaged in the mercantile business 
at De Soto, fifty years ago. Their first store was in a small frame 
building on Shawnee Street. The business continued under that firm 
name and style until 1878, when Charles FI. Taylor bought out the 
other partners and conducted the business until his death in 1896, and 
two years later the Taylor Mercantile Company was organized when B. 
S. Taylor and other members of the Taylor family bought the stock and 
reorganized the business. A. J. Taylor is now secretary of the company. 
They carry about $10,000 stock of general merchandise and own their 
own building, and are one of the leading concerns of the kind in John- 


son county, and the Taylor Mercantile Company is perhaps the oldest 
mercantile institution in Johnson county that has been continuously 
under the management of the members of any one family. B. S. Taylor, 
who is the subject of this review, was born in Bureau county, Illinois, 
April 30, 1863, a son of Charles H. and Mattie (Strawn) Taylor, the 
former a native of Ohio and the latter of Illinois. They were married at 
Ottawa, 111., and six children were born to this union ; Alice Belle, Eliza- 
beth, Eva, Emma and B. S. B. S. Taylor was only two years old when 
the family came to Kansas and located in De Soto in 1865. He attended 
the common schools, and when eighteen years old began clerking in his 
father's store, which was the beginning of his mercantile career, which 
has continued up to the present time. Mr. Taylor was married in 
1888, to Miss Alice Frain. a native daughter of Kansas, born at De Soto, 
of pioneer parents. Her father owned and operated a ferry boat across 
the Kaw river at De Soto in an early day. To Mr. and Mrs. Taylor have 
been born four children, two of whom are living, as follows: Louis 
F., born in 1890, a graduate of the Lawrence High School, and Alberta, 
born in 1899, a student in the Lawrence High School. Mr. Taylor is a 
member of the Modern Woodmen of America and has been a member 
of the Masonic Lodge for twenty-five years, and the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen for twenty-seven years, and has passed the chairs in 
three lodges. 

J. S. Pellett, the present popular mayor of Olathe and assistant cashier 
of the Olathe State Bank, is a native son of Johnson county. He was 
born in Olathe, January 20, 1880, and is a son of William and Jessie 
(Sutton) Pellett. William Pellett was born in Albany. N. Y., in 1834. 
He came west in the fifties and located at Peoria, 111., where he was 
employed as a clerk by J. E. Sutton. He remained there until 1859 
when he made an extended tour through Texas, and afterwards came 
to Kansas on a visit. After remaining here a short time he became 
attached to the country, and determined it to make it his home. He 
entered the employ of S. F. Hill, as clerk and remained'in that capacity 
until the Civil war broke out when he enlisted in a company of three- 
months men under Captain Schriver, but was not mustered out of ser- 
vice until the expiration of six^months. In 1862, he received a recruiting 
commission, and he, with the assistance of others raised a full company 
in eleven days, which was mustered. into service as Company H, Twelfth 
regiment. Kansas infantry. Mr. Pellett became first lieutenant and 
served until the close of the war. He then returned to Olathe and was 
appointed deputy treasurer under Colonel Hayes and served in that capa- 
city two and one-half years. He then engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness, in partnership with J. E. Sutton, his father-in-law. This firm was 
engaged in the general mercantile business and later Mr. Pellett was 
engaged in the shoe business alone. Coincident with his mercantile 
•career, which was very successful, he invested extensively in Johnson 


county land, and is one of the extensive land owners of Johnson county. 
He was elected mayor of Olathe in 1870, and since coming to Johnson 
county has taken an active part in the welfare and development of his 
adopted county and State. He was engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness in Olathe for a number of years, but for the last twenty years has 
been practically retired from an active business career. Jessie Sutton, 
his wife, is a native of Hamilton, Ontario, and a daughter of J. E. Sutton, 
one of the pioneer merchants of Johnson county. William Pellett and 
wife reside in Olathe in their beautiful residence on West Park Street. 
J. S. Pellett is the only child of William and Jessie (Sutton) Pellett 
He was educated in the public schools of Olathe, graduating from the 
Olathe Higfi School in the class of 1898. He then attended Kansas 
University for a time and later entered the Central Business College, 
Kansas City, Mo., where he was graduated in 1900 and after that attend- 
ed Kansas University again for a time. Pie then entered the employ 
of the First National Bank of Olathe, as a bookkeeper, and later became 
assistant cashier. He was employed in that bank for six years and 
in 1908, when the Olathe State Bank was re-organized, he accepted the 
assistant cashiership of that institution and has served in that capacity 
to the present time. Mr. Pellett was married August 8, 1905, to Miss 
Estelle Conn, of Olathe, Kan. She was born in Collins, Mo. Mr. and 
Mrs. Pellett have two children, James William and Esther Virginia. 
'Mr. Pellett is a stockholder and director in the Olathe Electric Light and 
Power Company. He is a Republican and has taken an active interest 
in political affairs since boyhood. He has been treasurer of the Johnson 
county Republican central committee. In 1908 he was elected city 
treasurer of Olathe, and reelected to succeed himself in 1910, and 
served as secretary of the board of education until he resigned in 1913. 
In the spring of 1913 he was elected mayor of Olathe for a term of 
three years and is making a record as a capable and efficient executive. 
He is a member of all of the Masonic bodies and is district deputy 
Grand Master for the fifth Kansas district. He is ajso a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and belongs to the Episcopal 

Rev. James A. Ording, Pastor of St. Paul's Catholic Church, Olathe, 
is a native of the Keystone State. He was born near Mt. Pleasant, 
Wayne county, Pennsylvania, October 30, 1881. He was educated in 
the public schools of Forest City, Pa., and entered college September 
12, 1899. He studied theology at St. Bonaventure College, Alleghany, 
N. Y., and was ordained a priest in the Immaculate Conception Cathe- 
dral, Leavenworth, Kan., by the Rt. Rev. Thomas F. Lillis, on June 13,. 
1909. He was then appointed assistant pastor to Rev. B. S. Kelley at 
Leavenworth, where he served until his appointment as pastor at 
Olathe, August 12, 1910. Since coming to Olathe, Father Ording has 
been active in his work and very successful in bettering the conditions of 


the congregation. He has erected a residence in Olathe at a cost of 
$5,000, besides paying off a $1,000 indebtedness which was on the 
church when he came here. He has had the interior of the church deco- 
rated. The expense of the decoration, however, was a donation from Mr. 
Frank Peck, of Kansas City, Mo. Father Ording has also established 
a parochial school in a building which he bought and which is located 
across Santa Fe Street from the church. The school is in charge of the 
Benedictine Order of Sisters, and was established in September, 1914, 
and a new school building is now in the course of construction adjoining 
the church on the west. When completed it will be a brick structure 
35x52 feet, two stories high and will be made as nearly fire proof as 
possible. It will be modern in every particular and capable of accommo- 
dating about 100 students. Father Ording also has charge of the Sacred 
Heart Church at Gardner, as a mission. When he took that charge, the 
needs of the congregation were such as to make a new church impera- 
tive, and in 1912 they built a handsome, new brick church, 35x80 
feet, costing about $8,000. Many interesting reminiscences are 
associated with the early history of St. Paul's parish, whose first 
members faced the troubles of border days and the many hardships 
accompanying them, to make homes for themselves on the prairies of 
Kansas. The first mass within the city limits of Olathe was celebrated 
in the private residence of Mr. and Mrs. Terence Cosgrove in February, 
i860, by Rev. Father Scatt, of Lawrence, Kan. Subsequent masses were 
celebrated at intervals in the Masonic hall and in the private residences 
of Peter Cosgrove, John Haverty, Joseph McNulty, Mrs. McNamara, 
John Mead and others of the little community by Fathers Scatt, Favre, 
Denesterman, Pichler and Myers. On Sunday afternoon in the spring 
of 1868, a meeting was held at the home of Mrs. Peter Cosgrove, who 
lived on the Kansas City road two miles east of Olathe, and an organiza- 
tion effected and plans for building a new church were discussed. The 
result was the construction of a small frame church 30x40 feet, located 
on a lot in the northeast part of Olathe. known as the Cornwell and 
Barton addition. This lot was a gift from the town company and 
the church was conducted as a mission church, and attended by priests 
either from Eudora or Shawnee once a month for seven years. In 
1875 Rev. M. J. Casey was appointed the first resident pastor of Olathe 
with Gardner and Edgerton as missions. In 1879, a lot was purchased 
on the corner of Santa Fe and Chestnut streets, and a new brick church 
erected at a cost of $10,000, and only a few years afterwards it was 
found that the walls of this church were spreading and the foundation 
giving away. Rev. Patrick Mclnerney was pastor at that time and he 
built a new church on the site of the old one, at a cost of $12,000, which 
is the present edifice. For some reason St. Paul's Church has been sub- 
jected to many changes of pastors and to write of each here as he truly 
deserves would be impossible. From the archives of Episcopal residence 


we find the following appointments of pastors for Olathe: 1875, Rev. 
M. J. Casey; 1885, Rev. John Francis Lee; 1886, Rev. Bernard Hayden; 
1887, Rev. Bartholomew Werf and Rev. P. McKeever ; 1888, Rev. John 
Redecker; 1890, Rev. George Patrick Sherr; 1895, Rev. Bernard Hudson; 
1897, Rev. H. Friesberg; 1899, Rev. P. J. Kennedy; 1900, Rev. Patrick 
Mclnerney; 1907, Rev. Hugh Herron; 1910, Rev. James A. Ording. Of 
this list of faithful priests, at least five have passed to their eternal re- 
ward, Revs. Lee, Hayden, Hudson, Sherr and Casey. 

Herman Busch, a prominent farmer of Olathe township, who has spent 
over forty years of his life in Johnson county, is a native of Germany, 
born in Brunswick Hanover, June 22, 1839. He is a son of John and 
Zena (Bolmon) Busch. The father was a farmer, and Herman spent his 
boyhood days on the farm and attended school. In i860 he immigrated 
to America and located near Eaton, Preble county, Ohio, and worked as 
a farm laborer in that section of the Buckeye State for seven vears. He 
then rented land and farmed on his own account in Preble county until 
1872 when he answered to the call of the West, and came to Kansas, 
settling in Olathe township, Johnson county. Here he first bought 
eighty acres and has added to it, from time to time, until he now owns 
over 500 acres of well improved and productive land, and is one of the 
prosperous farmers of Johnson county. He has carried on general farm- 
ing and stock raising and has also been quite an extensive hog raiser. 
Mr. Busch was married September 26, 1867, to Anna Kackaboid, a native 
of Brunswick Hanover, Germany. Two children have been born to 
this union, Katie married William Pudt, who is now engaged in manag- 
ing Mr. Busch's farm, and Ella married Herman Voigts, a farmer in 
Mission township. Politically Mr. Busch is a Republican, but in recent 
years has been inclined to view politics from an independent standpoint. 
He has not aspired to hold political office, but has preferred to devote 
his energies to his own private affairs which, no doubt, has been a 
prominent factor in his success in life. He has, however, at different 
times held school offices, and has always been interested in the advance- 
ment of education. He is a member of the Evang-elical Lutheran church 
at Lenexa, of which he has been trustee for several years. 

M. T. Meredith, county treasurer of Johnson county, is a native of 
Rochester, Fulton county, Indiana. He was born July 5, 1869, and is a 
son of Thomas and Lydia (Hainbaugh) Meredith, the former a native of 
Fulton county, Indiana, and the latter of Hamilton county, Ohio. 
Thomas Meredith was the second white child born in Fulton county ; his 
parents were Pennsylvanians and very early settlers in Indiana. Thomas 
Meredith came to Kansas with his family in 1878, and took up a home- 
stead in Butler county, near Eldorado, and the parents now reside in that 
county near Augusta where the father is living retired. They were 
among the very first settlers of Butler county. They were the parents 
of ten children, eight of whom are now living. M. T. Meredith at- 


tended public school in Indiana and in Butler county, after coming- to 
Kansas, and began his career as a teacher in Butler county. In 1893 
he came to Johnson county where he was engaged in teaching until 1905 
when he was appointed deputy county treasurer under W. T. Turner. 
At the close of Mr. Turner's term, Mr. Meredith remained in the 
same position during two terms under Jesse T. Nichols, and in 1912 was 
elected county treasurer and reelected to that office in 1914, and is now 
serving his second term. Mr. Meredith's long experience in the treasur- 
er's office, added to his natural ability, makes of him an exceptionally 
efficient official. He was married September 2, 1890, to Miss Idella May 
Donovan, a native of Johnson county. She is a daughter of Albert and 
Mary Jane (Turner) Donovan. They were early settlers in Gardner 
township where the mother now resides. The father is deceased. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Meredith have been born six children, as follows : Bessie 
married Charles Way and resides at Raymore, Mo. ; Rose married Flavel 
Moberly, Kansas City, Mo. ; Loren resides with his father on the farm 
in Olathe township ; Albert, at home ; Marie, deputy county treasurer, 
resides at home, and George, at home. Mr. Meredith is a Democrat and 
has been actively identified with that party since he cast his first ballot, 
and has frequently been a delegate to conventions. He is a member of, 
the Modern Woodmen of America and Kansas Citizens, and the family 
are members of the Christian church, in which Mr. Meredith has been 
an elder for a number of years. 

Benjamin F. Adair, a Kansan pioneer, now a leading grocer in Olathe, 
was born near Logansport, Cass county, Indiana, October 18, 1843. He 
is a son of Benjamin and Anna (McMillian) Adair, the former a native 
of Maryland and the latter of Ohio. Benjamin Adair, the father, was 
born in Baltimore, Md., of English descent. He went to Ohio when a 
young man, where he was married and later removed to Indiana. At 
that time Indiana was almost an unbroken wilderness and Indians 
were plentiful in that section. In 1857 the Adair family came to Kan- 
sas. They drove the entire distance with three teams of horses and 
a prairie schooner. They settled on a farm three miles from Olathe 
where the father followed farming and stock raising until his death in 
1872; the mother died in 1880. The father was a stanch Free State man 
and a Republican. They were the parents of eight children, as follows: 
Thomas, who came to Kansas in 1857, located on a claim near Bonita, 
where he died in 1913 ; Newton spent his life in Cass county, Indiana; 
Lorena married a Mr. McCoy and spent her life in Indiana ; Rosanna 
married a Mr. Brandt and is now deceased ; Lucinda married a Mr. 
Cook and after his death came to Kansas, where she died ; Julia died 
in Colorado; Susan and Mary died in childhood, and Benjamin F., the 
subject of this sketch. Benjamin F. Adair attended school in Indiana and 
Kansas. His first school teacher, after coming to Johnson county, was 
B. P. Noteman and the school was held in the old Masonic Hall and 


he later attended school which was held just west of where the Racket 
store now stands on Park Street. He remained in Johnson county on 
his father's farm until 1873, when he went west, locating on Government 
land near Winfield, Kan. After remaining- in that part of the State about 
ten years he returned to Olathe in 1883, and engaged in business as 
junior member of the firm of Adair, Cosgrove & Company. Later the 
firm became E. T. Adair & Company and at the death of E. T. Adair in 
1904, B. F. became the sole owner and has since conducted the grocery 
store at the corner of Mahaffee and East Park streets. Mr. Adair 
has prospered in his business and built up a large retail grocery and 
produce business. He owns his store building, which is a two-story 
stone and brick building and is the only grocery and produce store in 
the east end of town. Mr. Adair is one of the old timers of Johnson 
county, and during the Civil war served in the Kansas State militia. They 
were in the line of duty when Quantrill raided Lawrence, and during 
the battle of Wesport. Mr. Adair is a Democrat and his fraternal affilia- 
tions are with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles and the Knights of Pythias. 

F. R. Lanter, one of the leading lumber dealers of Johnson county, 
is a native of Indiana. He was born at Union City, Randolph county, 
July 15, 1854, and is a son of Elihu and Malinda (Lambert) Lanter, 
the former a native of Kentucky and the latter of Indiana. They are 
both now deceased, having spent their lives in Indiana. The Lanter 
family consisted of eight children — five sons and three daughters. F. R. 
of this review, one brother and two sisters, are now living. F. R. Lantern 
spent his boyhood days in his native State and attended the public 
schools until 1873 when he came west, locating at Garnett, Anderson 
county. Here he attended high school for two years, when he accepted 
a position as supervisor in the State hospital at Osawatomie, remaining 
there two years. He then came to Olathe as clerk and steward in the 
State School for the Deaf. He remained in that capacity until 1887 when 
he purchased the G. B. Shaw & Company lumber interests at that place 
and engaged in the lumber business. His yard at that time was located 
between the Santa Fe depot and the public square, on the north side of 
West Park Street, but for several years it has been located between 
Walnut and Willie streets, on the south side of Santa Fe Street, and 
occupies about a half a block. Mr. Lanter handles all kinds of building 
material and coal, and by his straightforward business methods and 
fair dealing has won the confidence of a large patronage in Olathe and 
vicinity. Mr. Lanter was united in marriage September 2, 1877, to Miss 
Martha Cordelia DeBolt, of Union City, Ind. Mr. and Mrs. Lanter were 
schoolmates in their childhood days. They have two children, Anna, now 
the wife of O. A. Clark, assistant superintendent for the General Elec- 
tric Company, Schenectady, N. Y., and Flarlan D., who is associated with 
his father in the lumber business. Mr. Lanter is a Republican and has 


served as mayor of Olathe and treasurer of the city of Olathe. 
Is a member of the Masonic fraternity and has attained thirty-second de- 
gree. He was a member of the school board for a number of years. 
In 1898 he was appointed postmaster of Olathe and for four years dis- 
charged the duties of that office with efficiency. 

Elkanah Harley Haskin, cashier of the Farmers State Bank oi 
Lenexa, Kan., is well known in financial circles of eastern Kansas. The 
Farmers State Bank, while not one of the oldest financial institutions 
in the county, is one of the most substantial, some of the best men of 
Johnson county being interested in it. The Farmers State Bank was 
organized April 20, 1904, under the laws of Kansas, which are the most 
stringent in the Ukion in relation to banking institutions. The first 
officers were, E. H. Haskin, president and E. J. McCrary, cashier. In 
January, 1905, E. H. Haskins became cashier. S. B. Haskins, president 
and A. E. Wedd, vice-president and the directors are : W. P. Haskin, 
Herman Busch and C. E. Pincomb. The bank has a capital of $10,000, 
surplus of $5,000, and average deposits of $105,000. The bank owns its 
own building, which is of brick, and was erected in 1905. The stock- 
holders of this bank consist of some of the most substantial business men 
and farmers in Lenexa and vicinity. They do a general banking busi- 
ness and it may be truly said of the Farmers State Bank of Lenexa 
that it is big enough to accommodate its customers and not too big to 
appreciate them. Mr. Haskin, the cashier, also handles insurance, and 
represents the Springfield of Massachusetts, Aetna and National. 
Elkanah Harley Haskin is a native of Johnson county and was born on a 
farm near Lenexa, November 21, 1874. He is a son of William P. Has- 
kin, a Johnson county pioneer, a personal sketch of whom appears in 
this volume. E. H. Haskins was reared on the home farm and received 
preliminary education in the public schools. He then entered Baker 
University at Baldwin, Kan., where he was graduated in the class of 
1895 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and later the Master of Arts 
degree was conferred on him by that institution. He then entered the 
Northwestern University of Chicago, where he was graduated from the 
law department in the class of 1897, with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. 
He then returned to Johnson county and followed farming until October, 
1904, when he entered the banking business, becoming connected with 
the Farmers State Bank of Lenexa as above set forth. Mr. Haskin is 
an extensive land owner, owning 320 acres of valuable Johnson county 
land, and has a fine residence, located on spacious grounds in Lenexa. 
The grounds cover about six acres and his residence was built in 1906. 
at a cost of $7,000. Mr. Haskin was married September 21, 1898, to 
Miss Maud Wilson, of Saline county, Missouri. She is a daughter of 
S. T. Wilson, a merchant of Malta Bend, Mo. To Mr. and Mrs. Has- 
kin have been born two children as follows : Miriam, born February 16, 
1901, now a student in the Olathe High School and Genevieve, born 


December 10, 1903, a student in the Lenexa schools. Mr. Haskin is a 
Progressive Republican, and has served as chairman of the Republican 
county central committee. He and the other members of his family are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Jonathan Millikan, Olathe, Kan. A work of this character, devoted 
to the lives and deeds of those who led the vanguard of civilization and 
paved the way for the subsequent developments, not only of Johnson 
county but of the great West, can find no more fitting subject within the 
borders of Johnson county than Jonathan Millikan. He is the dean of 
the community, the grand old man of Johnson county, and his expe- 
riences as an early-day plainsman are equal to many whose careers 
have been sung by the bards and told and retold in history. Mr. Milli- 
kan came to Johnson county in 1857 and is the oldest settler of Olathe 
living in that place today. He is a native of Indiana, born in Monroe 
county, January 7, 1827, and a son of Jonathan and Sybetha (Lowder) 
Millikan, natives of North Carolina, of Scotch-Irish ancestry. The 
father came to Indiana from North Carolina at a very early day and 
settled in Park county and there chopped a home out of the wilderness, 
and spent his remaining days in that county where his wife also died. 
Jonathan Millikan is the only survivor of a family of ten children, 
eight boys and two girls. He remained with his parents in Indiana 
until he was twenty-one years old, and in 1848 went from Indiana to 
Fort Des Moines, Iowa, making the trip with a saddle horse, alone. 
This was a distance of over 400 miles, across the plains of Illinois and 
Iowa which at that time were sparsely settled, and Mr. Millikan en- 
countered no trouble with the exception that houses, or settlers, were 
so few and far between that he found difficulty in finding places to stay 
over night, and on some occasions had to sleep on the prairie. After 
remaining in Iowa about three months, he returned to Indiana on 
foot, and in a short time walked back to Fort Des Moines. On these 
long trips through the unsettled and wild country, Mr. Millikan never 
carried arms of any kind. From Fort Des Moines, he went to Burling- 
ton, Iowa, making that trip on foot and after remaining there about six 
weeks, he crossed the ice on the Mississippi river, which was a hazard- 
ous undertaking, at the time, and walked back to Indiana, again, and 
remained there over winter. His next expedition was a trip to New 
Orleans, as an employe on a flatboat. This was in the early fifties and 
after making the New Orleans trip, he returned to his Indiana home 
and after spending some little time went to Iowa again, but this time 
he drove a team and wagon. He went to Warren county where a brother 
of his resided, and followed teaming for two winters and in the spring 
of 1857 he and two other men, Messrs. Wood and Grebb, started to 
Kansas with a team and wagon. On their way here they heard all kinds 
of rumors about Indians and border war and all the terrible things 
imaginable about Kansas, but the worse the stories were the more their 




curiosity was aroused, and they wanted to see Kansas at all hazards, 
and when Mr. Millikan reached Olathe, in May, 1857, or rather where 
Olathe now is, there were perhaps twelve or fifteen men here and one 
woman, a young' lady who came from the East with her brother and 
who later became the wife of Mr. Millikan. This was Miss Emily L. 
Whittier, a native of Manchester, N. H., and a daughter of Ebenezer 
Whittier and Emily L. Nutt, both natives of New Hampshire and of 
old New England stock. Emily Whittier traced her ancestry back to 
English royalty and she was a fifth cousin of Queen Victoria, and she 
was also a second cousin to John G. Whittier, the great American poet. 
Her brother, who came to Kansas with Mrs. Millikan before her mar- 
riage, now resides at Decatur, Neb. His name is Jackson B. Whittier. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Millikan were born four children, as follows : Minnie 
E., born in Olathe and is now the wife of Isaac Lyons and resides at 
Olathe; Mardie B. resides with her father; Ella married A. A. Troy, 
Prairie Grove, Ark., and O. W. resides in Pittsburgh, Pa. The wife and 
mother passed away July 22, 1914. She was an unusual woman and pos- 
sessed a great deal of literary ability, but for several years before her 
death, was not strong physically. She took a great deal of interest in 
old settlers and old settlers' affairs and wrote considerable of the early 
times in Kansas. One of her articles along that line appears elsewhere 
in this volume. Mr. M/illikan built the first frame residence in Olathe in 
1857, and this house is now standing and is occupied and has been kept 
in a very good state of preservation. It does not differ in appearance 
from the average residence. It is located at 109 West Poplar Street. 
When Mr. Millikan came here the old Santa Fe Trail, or "The Road," 
as he calls it, was in full operation and the trail passed through his 
claim, which was located a half mile east of town where he still lives. 
He relates many interesting incidents concerning travel on the old 
Santa Fe Trail in the fifties. He has seen hundreds of Mexican ox 
drivers, frequently with trains of fifty wagons and from ten to twenty 
yoke of oxen to each wagon, trudging along through the dust of each 
other's wagons following the trail across the plains. Mr. Millikan says 
that the cruelties of these Mexican ox drivers to the oxen baffles descrip- 
tion. He says the drivers were much inferior to the oxen. He has fre- 
quently seen them bareheaded, barefooted, with no clothing except a 
shirt, and he says "that their hair would be so full of dirt that you could 
grow cabbage on top of their heads." Since coming to Kansas Mr. Mil- 
likan has followed farming and stockraising, and has been uniformly 
successful, and is one of the well-to-do men of the country. He retired 
in 1913, and since that time has rented his land and devoted himself to 
looking: after his various interests. His Millikan is a Democrat and was 
the first assessor elected, of Olathe township, receiving his commission 
from Territorial Governor J. W. Denver, to 1857, and Mr. Millikan 
still has in his possession the old time-worn and stained commission. 


He held the office of justice of the peace for twelve years, but is not much 
of a "court to hear and determine causes." He induces most of the liti- 
gants to settle outside of his court and go on about their business, and 
then they don't bother each other or the court. He and ex-speaker Joe 
Canon were brought up together and were friends in their boyhood days, 
but they hadn't met in years until the spring of 1915 when they met at 
Kansas City, Mo. Mr. Mjillikan was one of the organizers of the 
Grange, and was the first master of the Olathe lodge, and is perhaps, 
the oldest Mason in Johnson county. He loves to travel and makes 
frequent trips to various places throughout the country. He has been 
to the Pacific coast and in 1906 went to the Sandwich Islands, 2,180 
miles from San Francisco. He visited the Maunaloa volcano on the 
Sandwich Islands. The volcano was not in action and he was inside 
the crater and made many interesting observations. He tells many in- 
teresting instances of his travels. He loves nature and likes to visit 
remote places that have never been desecrated by man. 

George W. Moore, a Johnson county pioneer and prominent citizen 
of Shawnee township, now residing at Lenexa, is a native of the 
Buckeye State. He was born in Morrow county, Ohio, January 10, 
1842, and is a son of Isaac and Charlotte (Chambers) Moore. The father 
was a son of Isaac Moore and a native of Luzerne county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Charlotte Chambers was a daughter of James Chambers and 
a native of Morrow county, Ohio. Isaac Moore, father of George W. 
Moore, of this review, removed, with his family, from Ohio to Iowa, 
in 1853, and located in Clinton count}^. The family resided there until 
1865. They came to Kansas in 1866, locating in Johnson county, one 
mile northwest of Lenexa, where the father died in 1867. Isaac and 
Charlotte (Chambers) Moore were the parents of seven children as fol- 
lows : James Riley served in the Union Army during the Civil war 
and is now deceased; Martha died in 1914; George W., the subject of 
this sketch ; Rebecca died in Iowa ; Allie resides in Kansas City, Mo. ;■ 
Sarah Jane, Kansas City, Kan., and Wilber resides at De Soto. George 
W. Moore followed general farming and stock raising after coming to 
Kansas, until 1888, when he removed to Lenexa and engaged in the 
bee business and has provided one of the best-arranged apiaries in John- 
son county, and at times has as high as 100 stands of bees. Mr. 
Moore owns two forty-acre tracts in Shawnee township besides three 
residences in Lenexa and eight lots. He has taken an active part in 
local affairs and takes a commendable interest in county and State poli- 
tics. He is a Republican and has served as justice of the peace for fifteen 
years, and has held the office of police judge for four years. 

A. E. Moll, proprietor of the Hotel Olathe at Olathe, Kan., has been a 
Johnson county resident for fifty-five years and is as familiar with the 
progress and development of Johnson county during that time as any 
man in the county today. When he came here he was about thirteen 


years of age, an age when a boy observes many things and remembers 
most of them, and after reaching manhood he became identified with 
business affairs, and has always taken an active part in politics and he is 
perhaps as well known as any other man in Johnson county, and for 
the last ten years he has been engaged in the hotel business, which 
has brought him into contact with the traveling element, and thus his 
acquaintance has been extended universally without regard to State or 
county limitation. A. E. or "Ed." Moll, as he is generally known, was 
born in Perry county, Missouri, April 4, 1847, ar >d is a son of Joseph 
Francis Moll and Regina Kaiser. The father was a native of Baden. 
Germany, born in 181 1, and came to America with his father in 1830, 
when nineteen years old. The family resided in New York about eight 
years and Joseph Francis Moll married Regina Kaiser in 1836, and the 
following children were born to them: Joseph, born in 1837, died at 
Gardner in 1903; George, born in 1838, died at Mascoutah, 111., in 1900; 
William, born in 1840, died in Olathe in August, 1913; Mary, born in 
in 1842 resides at Eudora, Kan.; Louis, born in Perry county, Missouri, 
1844, resides at Eudora, Kan.; A. E., the subject of this sketch; Eliza- 
beth, born in 1849, cnec l m Benton county, Arkansas, in 1909; Samuel 
and Emma, twins, born in St. Clair county, Illinois, in 1853, the former 
resides in Lexington township and the latter in Olathe, Johnson county, 
and Catherine, born in St. Clair county, Illinois, in 1855, an d died in 
Johnson county at the age of nineteen. When "Ed." Moll was three 
years old, the family removed from Perry county, Missouri, to St. Clair 
county, Illinois, and remained there until i860, when they came to Kan- 
sas and in June of that year located in Lexington township, on a farm five 
miles west of Olathe, and the parents spent their lives there. "Ed" 
Moll remained on the farm with his parents until 1866, when he returned 
to Bellville, 111., the former home of the family, and here served an 
apprenticeship at the blacksmith trade, and in 1869 returned to John- 
son county and built a blacksmith shop in Olathe. This shop was 
focated on the northwest corner of the square and here he engaged in 
general blacksmithing. Pie was a mere boy and when he opened his 
shop, he did not resemble an old blacksmith in the least. He did not 
have the earmarks of the traditional "village blacksmith under the 
spreading chestnut tree" and many of his gratuitious advisers, who are 
always in abundance, especially around a blacksmith shop, had their 
misgivings about the boy blacksmith making good, and shook their 
heads in ominous silence, but it was not long until the public discovered 
that the boy was not only a blacksmith, but an expert blacksmith, and 
for thirty-two years the ring of his anvil was a part of the industrial 
music of Olathe. He also conducted a livery business in connection 
with his blacksmithing. In 1901 he was elected county treasurer and 
at the expiration of the first term was reelected to that office 
and served for five years in all. A change in the election laws 


added an additional year to his two terms. While serving as county 
treasurer he had purchased the Hotel Olathe, and at the expiration of 
his term of office, he engaged in the hotel business there, which has 
occupied his attention to the present time. The Hotel Olathe has been 
thoroughly remodeled with new furniture and fixtures installed since 
Mr. Moll took possession, and it is now up-to-date and modern in every 
particular. Most of the rooms have running hot and cold water and 
several have baths. The sleeping rooms are all large and airy and the 
office, writing room and parlor are spacious and comfortable, and a large 
well appointed dining room, capable of accommodating fifty, at least,, 
and the beds and meals of the Hotel Olathe have a reputation for their 
excellency, enjoyed by few hotels. Mr. Moll was united in marriage 
in November, 1891, to Mrs. Jennie F. Brickel, of Olathe, Kan., and no' 
children have been born to this union. By a former marriage, Mr. 
Moll had six children, all of whom were born in Olathe as follows :: 
William Edward, born September 19, 1872, died May 24, 1873 ; Etta 
Irene, born April 3, 1874, died December 24, 1878; Andrew Egidious,. 
born January 27, 1876, died July 28, 1899; Maudie May, born Novem- 
ber 8, 1877, n °w the wife of B. H. Rog'ers, managing editor of the 
Olathe "Mirror"; Jennie O., born April 5, 1879, married William Hois- 
ington, of Chicago, and Arch Garfield, born January 27, 1881, assistant 
postmaster at Olathe, served as deputy county treasurer of Johnson 
county for four years and was clerk in the congressional postoffice at 
Washington, D. C, for two years. A. E. Moll was elected mayor of 
Olathe in 1902 and served one term, and declined to accept the nomina- 
tion for reelection. He served on the city council of Olathe for six 
years, and in 1912 when the commission form of government was 
adopted by Olathe he was elected one of the commissioners for the 
long term of three years, and refused to consider a re-election to that 
office. He served as under-sheriff of Johnson county for two years 
and was also a member of the school board for four years. Mr. Moll 
has been a life-long Republican and while he is one of the most pro- 
gressive citizens of Johnson county he is positively opposed to spelling 
the word' progressive with a capital P on all occasions. In 1908 he was- 
one of the presidential electors of Kansas, and at the meeting of the 
presidential electors at Topeka, in January, 1909, he was elected to 
carry the vote of the Kansas electorate to Washington, D. C, to be 
counted for William Howard Taft for President, and this was a very 
pleasant duty for Mr. Moll, because he has been a great admirer of Mr. 
Taft for a number of years. Mr. Moll has been identified with the 
Republican organization for years, and has figured conspicuously both in 
county and State politics and is well known to most of the prominent 
men of his party, in the State. 

George Washington Brown, a representative citizen of Lenexa, is a 
native of Iowa. He was born in Guthrie county, July 31, 1856, and is a. 
son of David W. and Martha A. (Harris) Brown, natives of Indiana,. 


the former born in 1830 and the latter in 1839. David W. Brown came to^ 
Kansas in 1858, and settled in Shawnee township near Lenexa on the 
farm which George W., the subject of this sketch, now owns. David 
W. Brown was killed by border ruffians in i860. He was a well educated 
man and a natural leader of men. He was a pronounced anti-slavery 
man and entered into the contest to make Kansas a free State, with 
enthusiasm. At one election, by his activity at the polls, he prevented 
the casting of over 800 fraudulent pro-slavery votes. He had been warned 
by the pro-slavery men that they would kill him if he persisted in his 
activity in favor of a free State, but he was undaunted and went on as 
though nothing had happened. He was shot by a pro-slavery man by 
the name of Nowning in the old hotel at Shawnee, Kan. George W. was 
one of a family of four children as follows : George W., Elizabeth died 
at the age of thirteen ; Martha married P. C. Woodward, of Kansas. 
City, and Mary O., wife of O. W. Miller, of Mahaska, Kan. After the 
death of the father, the mother later married a Mr. Williams, and 
four children were born to this union : Jennie married Orion Messmere,. 
and resides in Iowa; Ida May married Milton Swift, Lenexa; Effie, 
wife of E. A. Legler, and Maud, postmistress of Lenexa. George W. 
Brown was educated in the district schools and has been a student 
of men and affairs all his life. When he was twenty-one years old 
he worked a year on a farm and saved enough to buy a team, and then 
engaged in hauling hay and grain to Kansas City. He first purchased 
forty acres of land for $1,000, paying $100 down, and he later added to 
that and bought and sold land and accumulated considerable farm prop- 
erty besides a fine residence in Lenexa and other city property. He was 
engaged in sand contracting for a year and a half in Kansas City, and 
for a time lived on a farm near Ellsworth, Kan. He has been interested 
in raising thoroughbred Hereford cattle and has been very successful in 
that line of endeavor. He allotted a portion of his land known as Hill 
Crest addition to Lenexa. Mr. Brown was married January 11, 1883, to 
Miss Jessie McElwain, a native of Knox county, Illinois, born October 7, 
1862. She is a daughter of James and Eliza Jane (Bechtle) McElwain,. 
the former a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of Ohio. James Mc- 
Elwain was born in 1827, and died in 1901. He was of Scotch-Irish 
and German descent. At an early day he left his Pennsylvania home and 
settled in Ohio, where he married Eliza Jane Bechtle. They later re- 
moved to Illinois, and in 1866 came to Kansas and settled east of Olathe. 
They were the parents of six children, as follows : Cecelia ; Mary A. ; 
Alice B., deceased; Jessie, Mrs. George W. Brown; Lillie H., Spokane, 
Wash., and James H., deceased. To George W. Brown and wife have 
been born : Rev. George Edward, born March 23, 1885, now a prominent 
minister in Brooklyn, N. Y. He is a graduate of the Olathe High School, 
Baker University, Boston Theological Seminary and took special courses 
of study at Columbia University, New York. Oliver William, born in 


August, 1887, was educated in the high school at Olathe and graduated 
from Baker University in 1910 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and 
taught in the Edgerton High School. He died in June, 1913, at Liver- 
pool, England, while on a vacation in Europe. James Lester, born 
August, 1890, is a graduate of the Olathe High School and Baker Uni- 
versity, class of 1915, and Laverne, born June 10, 1895, graduated from 
the Olathe High School in 1915, with the highest honors, winning a 
Baker University scholarship, is now a student in that institution. Mr. 
Brown is a Republican and a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
William C. England, manager of the Overland Guernsey Dairy Farm, 
perhaps has more new modern and up-to-date ideas about running a 
dairy farm than any other man in Johnson county or anywhere else. 
The sanitary condition, the modern conveniences and the detail system 
of this dairy farm baffle description. The only way to get anything like 
the proper conception of this modern dairy plant is to go there and take 
a half day to look it over, and then you will come away without remem- 
bering more than half of what you have seen. Not but what it is worth 
remembering, and all that, but there is so much of it that you can not 
remember it all at once. The closest attention is given to the health 
and cleanliness of each of the seventy-five Guernsey cows. An ice 
factory is operated in connection with the dairy for the use of the dairy ; 
a great refrigerator where the temperature is kept between thirty-three 
and thirty-five degrees, sterilizing room, where the bottles are thorough- 
ly sterilized and every detail necessary to the carrying out of the work 
are found there. Provision is made for giving the cows a hose bath and 
the udders are thoroughly washed before milking. The milkers and 
attendants on the place are provided with both tub and shower bath 
conveniences, and in order for one to get employment at this place in any 
position where they come in contact with the milk, such as bottling and 
so forth, they are required to be examined by a physician, in order to 
insure freedom from any disease which might contaminate the milk. 
In fact, the whole arrangement of the Overland Guernsey dairy is com- 
plete in every detail. The several buildings are arranged at most con- 
venient points, silos, store-houses, tool-shed, in addition to all the 
other buildings, complete the grand scheme of the arrangement of this 
place. One of the most important adjuncts to the place is the large 
spring of flowing water from which the water is mechanically distribu- 
ted in galvanized tanks for watering the cattle. About eight men are 
usually employed to do the work on the place and their accounting sys- 
tem shows the most minute details of profit, loss and the slightest varia- 
tions. W. C. England, the capable manager of this place, is a native of 
Monee, 111., and was born in 1873. He is the son of William and Alice 
(Holmes) England, the former a native of England and the latter of 
Mobile, Ala. They were married near Joliet, 111., in 1862. W. C. Eng- 
land received his education in the public schools of Johnson county and 


Kansas City, Mo. He entered the employ of C. F. Holmes at the age 
of eig'ht years and was engaged in pulling mule cars up the hill at 
Westport, Mo., and when the street cars changed to cable power he 
was afterwards promoted to division superintendent and remained in 
that capacity until 1909, when he became manager of the dairy at Forty- 
third Street and Jackson, which was afterward removed to Overland 
Park and which Mr. England has since managed as above mentioned. 
Mr. England has been in the employ of Mr. Holmes, in various capa- 
cities for thirty-five years. William C. England was united in marriage 
July 15, 1894, to Miss Nettie E. Benjamin, of Kansas City, Mo., and 
they are the parents of five children, as follows : x\lice, born 1895 ; Lenora, 
born 1898; Marguerite, born 1903; Helen, born 1907; Conway E., born 
in 1911. 

Henry Azendorf, a well known and successful contractor and builder 
of Overland Park, is a leading factor in that progressive and rapidly 
developing town. Mr. Azendorf is a native of Johnson county. He 
was born at Lenexa in 1881, and is a son of John and Margaret (Kneefe) 
Azendorf. The father was a soldier in the Franco-Prussian war in 1870 
and 1871 and he and Margaret Kneefe were married in the Fatherland 
in 1878, and the following year immigrated to America and came to 
Kansas, locating near Lenexa where he was a successful farmer until the 
time of his death in 1883, and the mother now resides at Overland 
Park. John and Margaret (Kneefe) Azendorf were the parents of five 
children, as follows: Henry, the subject of this sketch; John, born in 
1884, married Anna Sute, and resides at Lenexa; Herman, born in 
1893 is unmarried and resides with his brother on the farm near Lenexa ; 
William, born in 1889, is unmarried and resides at Overland Park. He is 
an architect of unusual ability and among his other works he drew 
the plans of the St. John Memorial building and the main office building 
of the Hodges Brothers at Olathe, and Theodore, born in 1896, in the 
employ of a wholesale produce house in Kansas City, Mo. Henry 
Azendorf was reared on the Johnson county farm of his father and 
attended the public schools. At the age of eighteen he was employed by 
a street railway company and in a few months became foreman in the 
box department. He then took up carpenter work and in a short time 
was contracting and building on his own account. He came to Overland 
Park about six years ago, about the time the town was started. There 
was not more than a half dozen houses there then. He has since been 
engaged in contracting and building there and the rapid growth of this 
new town has been an ideal field for his business. He built the E. E. 
Voight building, H. Breyfogle's hardware store building, the Galloway 
building, Kammerzell building, two residences for W. B. Strang at 
Mission Ridge ; a residence for John Thorne at Olathe and residences 
for Herman Kinsman, John Walters and Dave Legler at Lenexa, besides 
numerous other buildings. Mr. Azendorf, although a young man, can 


truly be said to be one of the builders of Overland Park. He is unmar- 
ried and resides with his mother at Overland Park. 

F. J. Hatfield, M. D., Olathe, Kan., is a leading - member of the John- 
son county medical profession. Dr. Hatfield was born near Dayton, 
Ohio, October 19, 1861, and is a son of John and Clarissa (Miller) Hat- 
field, both natives of Ohio and descendants of pioneer American stock. 
The paternal grandfather Hatfield was a native of Virginia and settled 
in the Northwest Territory, a part of which composes the State of Ohio, 
about 1800. He and two other brothers were making a trip down the 
Ohio river when they were attacked by hostile Indians and became sepa- 
rated. The other two brothers were never heard from. John Hatfield, 
the father of our subject, was engaged in the packing and cattle business 
at Cincinnati before the Civil war. When that conflict came on, his busi- 
ness was practically ruined and he met with heavy financial losses, and 
in 1862 removed to Indiana and located twelve miles south of Fort 
Wayne, where he remained until 1878, his wife dying there in February, 
1863, aged thirty-four years. Later he came to Kansas and died at 
Grenola, April 3, 1893. The Hatfield family consisted of seven children, 
as follows: Martha J. married William McBride, and is now a widow, 
residing in Oklahoma; Horace, a capitalist, residing at Portland, Ore.; 
Phoebe, now deceased, was the wife of James Heffling; Elizabeth mar- 
ried L. Robinson, Holdenville, Okla. ; Mary B., married George Earl, 
Fort Wayne, Ind. ; John M., retired, Pratt, Kan. ; and Dr. F. P., the sub- 
ject of this sketch. Dr. Hatfield attended the public schools of Indiana 
until sixteen years of age, when he removed to Illinois and attended a 
private school at Rushville, 111. He then taught school in Schuyler 
county, that State, for two years and in the meantime also attended 
school. In 1880 he came to Kansas and was engaged in teaching in 
Brown county for two years when he went to Elk county, where he 
also was engaged in teaching for two years. He then took up the 
study of medicine under the preceptorship of Dr. J. B. Lewis, of Howard, 
Kan., and after pursuing his studies there one year, he entered the Eclec- 
tic Medical Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was graduated in the 
close of 1886, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. During his vaca- 
tion of 1885 he was engaged in practice at Jackson, Tenn., when yellow 
fever was epidemic at that place. In 1886 he went to Grenola, Elk 
county, and was engaged in the practice there until 1908. He also studied 
pharmacy and passed the State board examination in 1901 and also con- 
ducted a drug store in connection with his practice. Dr. Hatfield has 
had an active business career outside of his field of professional work. 
He has been largely interested in the development of the oil and gas 
field of Elk county, having bought out a developing company there and 
after having done considerable work in that line sold his interests to the 
Standard Oil Company at a good substantial profit. However, he still 
owns several hundred acres of undeveloped territory in that section of 


the State. In 1908 he came to Olathe where he has since been engaged 
in the practice of his profession and has, perhaps, the best practice in the 
county. He has a fine home on a forty-acre tract adjoining the city of 
Olathe, on the west, and his offices are located on West Park Street, 
opposite the court house. He is interested in various commercial 
enterprises in Johnson county, being vice-president and director of the 
Patrons Bank and a director in the Olathe Electric Light and Power 
Company. Dr. Hatfield has been twice married, his first wife being 
Miss Mollie Elliott, daughter of R. M. Elliott, of Grenola, Kan., to 
whom he was married December 27, 1887; she died May 7- 1903. On 
June 11, 1905, Dr. Hatfield was united in marriage to Miss Mae Haigler, 
■of Elk county, Kansas. They have two children, Marie Patricia, born 
March 17, 1907, and Franklin P., Jr., born May 26, 1912. Politically Dr. 
Hatfield is a Democrat and takes a keen interest in the affairs of the 
party. He has been a member of the Kansas State board of medical 
examination and registration since 1901, with the exception of Govern- 
or Stubb's administration. During the course of his residence in Elk 
county he served three terms as coroner of that county and was a 
member of the board of United States pension examiners during - Presi- 
dent Cleveland's second administration. He is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and a member of the grand lodge. He 
was trustee of his local lodge for twenty-five years. He is a thirty- 
second degree Mason and belongs to the Wichita consistory. Dr. 
Hatfield has taken considerable post-graduate work. In 1897 he took 
a course at the New York Post-Graduate Medical School, specializing 
in operative surgery, and for a number of years specialized in surgery 
but recently is devoting himself more along the lines of general practice, 
and specializing in ear, eye, nose and throat diseases in which he has met 
with unusual success. 

Harry H. Case, owner and manager of the Olathe Monument Com- 
pany, is a native of Johnson county. He was born two and one-half 
miles east of Olathe, October 21, 1869, and is a son of Fred W. and 
Elma R. (Gregg) Case, the former a native of Oneida county, New 
York, and the latter of Zanesville, Ohio. Fred W. Case was two years 
old when his parents removed from Oneida county, New York, to Michi- 
gan, locating at Ypsilanti where he was reared and educated. During 
the discovery of gold in California in 1849, ne left his Michigan home 
and proceeded to the Pacific coast by way of New York City and 
the Panama route. He followed gold mining in California about seven 
years, and was reasonably successful in this venture. After remaining in 
the Golden State for seven years he returned to Michigan in 1856 and 
two years later came to Kansas and located in Johnson county. He 
bought a quarter section of Government land, and hired a man to preempt 
another quarter section for him. He devoted himself to general farming 
and stock raising, in which he was uniformly successful and bought more 


land from time to time until he acquired 520 acres. Shortly after coming 
to Johnson county, he decided to engage in the mercantile business and 
built the stone store building which now occupies the southeast corner 
of West Park Street and Kansas Avenue. This building is one of the 
old landmarks of Olathe, and one of the most interesting buildings of 
the city from a historic standpoint. When Mr. Case had completed the 
building and had it provided with shelves and store fixtures, and was 
about ready to put in his supply of goods, a troop of United States 
cavalry happened along and decided that the new store building was 
admirably adapted for soldiers' quarters, and accordingly they took pos- 
session in true military style. The shelving and counters were removed 
but were not wasted nor destroyed, but made into feed boxes for the 
cavalry horses. The soldiers occupied the building for about three 
months and in the meantime Mr. Case decided that he would not embark 
in the mercantile business, but about that time had an opportunity to 
sell the building to the county and it was converted into a court house, 
and used for that purpose until 1891 when the new court house was built 
and since that time the building has been used for commercial purposes. 
Fred W. Case was successful in his undertaking and a man who took a 
keen interest in the welfare of his community. He was public spirited. 
He was a charter member of the Grange and one of the original stock- 
holders in the Grange store. He died August 16, 1898, being killed by 
lightning at his home, east of Olathe. His wife came to Johnson county 
with her parents who were among the early settlers of this county. 
They came in the fifties. She died in 1899, aged sixty-five years. They 
were the parents of four children, as follows : Hattie married John 
Streeper, agent for the Rock Island Railroad Company at Rock Island, 
111.; Harry H., subject of this sketch; Sheldon E. resides on the home 
place and Lena married William Lemon, Topeka, Kan. Harry H. Case 
was reared on the home place and educated in the public schools, Paola 
Academy and Spaulding's Business College, Kansas City, Mo. He 
remained at home until 1885 when he engaged in the furniture business 
at Burlington, Kan. Two years later he went to Oklahoma and engaged 
in general mercantile business and was there when the Sac and Fox 
Indian reservation was opened up to settlement. After remaining 
there two years he went to the opening of the Cherokee strip and drew 
some town lots. He then returned to Olathe and was with Mr. Ryan in 
the undertaking business for six years, and in 1904 became a partner with 
J. H. Fraser in the Olathe Monument Company. This business is the 
only establishment of the kind in Johnson county and was founded 
in 1882 by Mr. Hedrick, who later became sheriff of the county. Mr. 
Fraser bought him out and conducted the business alone until Mr. Case- 
became a partner in 1904, and in 191 5 Mr. Case bought his partner's 
interest and is now the sole owner. He does an extensive business in 
Johnson and adjoining counties and has done some of the finest monu- 
ment work in that section. They erected the Santa Fe Trail marker 


which stands in the southeast corner of the public square at Olathe, 
which Mr. Case designed. An illustration of the Santa Fe marker will 
be found elsewhere in this volume. Mr. Case was united in marriage 
August 14, 1893, to Miss Mable Swank, a daughter of J. T. Swank, a 
sketch of whom appears in this volume. Mr. Case is a member of the 
Masonic lodge and the Fraternal Order of Eagles. 

Miss Mary Elizabeth De Tar, the well-known proprietor of the pop- 
ular Hotel De Tar, Edgerton, Kan., is a native of Johnson county. Miss 
De Tar was born in Edgerton and is a daughter of B. F. and Sarah De 
Tar, the former a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of Massachu- 
setts. The De Tar family is of French extraction and B. F. De Tar, 
the father of our subject, came to Kansas in 1857, where he was suc- 
cessfully engaged in farming for a number of years. He is now living 
retired, at Wellsville, Franklin county, Kansas. Miss De Tar, whose 
name introduces this sketch, is one of a family of eight children, as 
follows: Curtis married Miss Ella Garrison and resides at Wellsville; 
James, resides at Edgerton; Mary Elizabeth, the subject of this sketch; 
Mark, resides near Wellsville ; married Kate Sloan ; Frank, married 
Esther McCarthy, lives near Edgerton; Belle married Henry Eckerson 
and has five children ; Cora married Joe Sloan and resides at Wellsville, 
and Bertha, married Milt Sloan and resides at Wellsville. Miss De Tar 
received her education in the Edgerton public schools and since that 
time has traveled a great deal, and has had a great deal of experience 
in the hotel business, more particularly along the Pacific coast. In 
191 5 she built the De Tar hotel at Edgerton which was opened to the 
public in May. This is one of the best equipped hotels to be found any- 
where in a town the size of Edgerton. It is a commodious building, 
conveniently arranged for hotel purposes and Miss De Tar has already 
built up a large patronage among the traveling public. Her vast expe- 
rience in the hotel business enables her to know the most minute wishes 
of the public in the way of hotel accommodations and she aims to 
please, and by that method, is making the new De Tar Hotel at Edger- 
ton one of the popular hotels of the State. 

Clarence E. Todd, manager of the Edgerton creamery, is one of the 
progressive and successful business man of Johnson county. Mr. Todd 
is a native of the Sunflower State. He was born at Gardner, February 
26, 1879, and is a son of John B. and Sarah (Cramer) Todd, natives of 
New York and Ohio, respectively. John B. Todd came to Johnson 
county, Kansas, in the early seventies and engaged in the mercantile 
business at Gardner. He is now the proprietor of the Gardner cream- 
ery, engaged in the manufacture of ice cream and ice. John B. and 
Sarah (Cramer) Todd, are the parents of five children, as follows: 
Helen resides at Gardner; Clarence E., the subject of this sketch; Anna, 
married Harry Pierce and resides in California ; Andrew C. was killed 
in a mine accident, in Colorado, when twenty-four years old and Charles 


Nelson resides in Gardner, with his parents. Clarence E. Todd was 
educated in the public schools of Gardner and the Central Business Col- 
lege, Leavenworth, Kan., and when nineteen years of age went west and 
engaged in mining in Colorado, and for fifteen years remained in that 
"business. He was associated with the Smuggler Union Mining Com- 
pany at Telluride, Colo., for a number of years. Mr. Todd engaged in 
the creamery business at Edgerton, in 1913, and has built up an exten- 
sive business in dairy products and ice. His business extends to and 
includes the towns of Paola, Wellsville, Spring Hill, Hillsdale, Gardner, 
Baldwin, Eudora, Prairie Center, Clearfield and De Soto. In addition 
to his vast creamery business, Mr. Todd has other important interests, 
and owns 320 acres of land in Colorado. Mr. Todd was united in mar- 
riage in Denver, Colo., in 1913 to Miss Eva Waggoner, and they have 
one child, John Sherman. Mr. Todd takes a commendable interest in 
public affairs and is a member of the city council of Edgerton, and is 
an enthusiastic booster for the business interests and betterment of his 
town and county. His fraternal affiliations are with the time-honored 
Masonic lodge and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Both 
heand his wife are members of the Eastern Star and attend the Presby- 
terian church. 

D. R. Hale, manager of the Edgerton Lumber Company, Edgerton, 
Kan., is a native of the Sunflower State, born in McCamish township, 
Johnson count}^ Kansas, October 4, 1874. He is a son of Joseph O. and 
Margaret (Kramer) Hale, the former a native of Ohio and the latter o^' 
Missouri. Joseph O. Hale was a son of Joseph and Alvina (Gibson) 
Tale. He was born at Macksburg, Washington county, Ohio, June 19, 
1843, an d removed to Iowa with his parents in i860. They settled on 
government land near Chariton, Lucas county. In 1864 they removed 
to Gentry county, Missouri, where they remained a little over a year, 
and in 1866 came to Kansas and settled in McCamish township, Johnson 
county. Joseph O. Hale was one of a family of six children, as follows : 
Benjamin died in Johnson county; Jerry was a soldier in the Civil war; 
Joseph O. ; John died in Johnson county in 191 1; Jane married George 
W. Pitman, and died in Johnson county in 1887; and Willard L., who 
resides at Edgerton. All the deceased members of the family are buried 
at Prairie .Center, Johnson county. Joseph O. Hale followed farming in 
McCamish township until his death, which occurred on March 18, 1890 ; 
his wife, Margaret Kramer, was born at Albany, Mo., February 3, 1854, 
of German perentage. She now resides at Edgerton. To Joseph O. and 
Margaret (Kramer) Hale were born three children : Rena Hale Jewett, 
who resides at Edgerton; D. R,, the subject of this sketch, and Dell F., 
who resides at Anthony, Kan. D. R. Hale spent his boyhood days on 
the home farm in McCamish township and attended the district schools 
and the Edgerton High School. He worked hard to obtain his education, 
and while in school worked for his board among "strangers. At the age 
of eighteen, in 1893, he entered the employ of the Edgerton Lumber Com- 


pany in the capacity of bookkeeper and has been associated with that 
concern since. In 1906, when Hodges Brothers purchased the business 
of the Edgerton Lumber Company, Mr. Hale became local manager, and 
has conducted the business since that time in a way that reflects great 
credit on him. His straightforward business methods have won the con- 
fidence of the public and made many friends for himself and the interests 
which he represents. Mr. Hale was united in marriage, June 26, 1901, to 
Miss Catherine, daughter of Florence McCarthy, a personal sketch of 
whom appears elsewhere in this volume. To this union was born one 
child, Bernard M., born October 9, 1907, now attending school in Edger- 
ton. Mrs. Hale departed this life November 3, 1907. Mr. Hale is a Dem- 
ocrat and a member of the Catholic church. 

Thomas S. Greer, M. D., a prominent Johnson county physician and 
surgeon, engaged in the practice of his profession at Edgerton, is a 
native of Missouri. He was born at Lexington, December 16, 1862, and 
is a son of Joseph R. and Tabitha ( Dickinson) Greer. The father was 
a Missouri farmer and a son of Jefferson Greer, of Virginia, a cloth manu- 
facturer. The Greer family is of Scotch-English origin, and in the early 
history of the family the name is said to have been MacGreer, but the 
Mac was dropped a century or so ago. Tabitha Dickinson is of English 
and German descent. Joseph R. and Tabitha (Dickinson) Greer were 
the parents of four children, Dr. Greer and two brothers, one of whom 
is a dentist and resides at Elyria, Ohio, and the other resides in Cleve- 
land, and the sister is now Mrs. C. H. Avers, who resides at Independence, 
Mo. Dr. Greer received his medical education in the Kansas City 
Medical College, where he was graduated with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine, in 1894. Since that time he has been engaged in the practice 
of his profession at Edgerton and has built up an extensive practice. 
Dr. Greer is a close student of the science of medicine and keeps 
himself thoroughly posted in all the details of that ever developing sci- 
ence. He was united in marriage, September 20, 1887, to Miss Jessie 
DeTar, a daughter of M. S. DeTar, a pioneer merchant of Edgerton. To 
Dr. and Mrs. Greer have been born four children : Inez Elizabeth, mar- 
ried W. A. Harrison; Thomas; \Yilliam and James Gordon. Dr. Greer 
has taken an active part in the political life of Edgerton, and is deeply 
interested in every movement for the upbuilding and betterment of his 
town and community. He has served several terms as city councilman 
and was mayor of Edgerton for four years. He is a member of the 
county, State and American medical associations and is president of the 
Johnson County Medical Association. 

Rev. Mathew McFeatters came to Edgerton, Kan., to take charge of 
the Presbyterian church in April, 1887. He spent the following fourteen 
years in earnest endeavor to promote the spiritual and temporal welfare 
of the community. Mr. McFeatters was of Scotch-Irish ancestry, born 
in Pennsylvania in 1834, and graduated from Jefferson College at Can- 
nonsburg, Pa., in 1854. Several years of his young manhood were spent 



teaching in Lexington, Ky., where he acquired a lasting enthusiasm for 
the famed blue grass country. It was here that he decided to devote 
his life to the ministry, and studied theology at Danville, Ky. The broad 
prairies of Texas then appealed to him as a field of labor, and here he 
found the gifted woman who became his wife, in 1861, Miss Antinette 
Wallace, a successful educator, and herself a minister's daughter, she 
proved through the thirty-eight years of their married life a true help- 
mate. His life work was in the Presbyterian churches of Gonzales, 
Tex. ; Lockhart, Tex. ; New Middleton, Milton, Stone River, Tenn. ; 
Ouinemo, Kan. ; Navasota, Tex., Gardner and Edgerton, Kan. In almost 
all these places church buildings or manses were erected as a result of 
his labors ; but the upbuilding of worthy characters in the people under 
his pastoral care was his chief desire. He was known as a good preacher, 
and, better still, as a kindly, Christian gentleman. It was his fate to go 
from North to South and South to North in those days when sectional 
prejudices ran high, but it was characteristic of the man that without 
any sacrifice of principle those who knew him loved and honored him 
on either side of the Mason and Dixon line. His good wife, having died 
in 1899, Mr. McFeatters felt the weight of advancing years, and resigned 
his pulpit in 1901, spending the remaining years until his death, in 1908, 
tranguilly in the little home in Edgerton with his only daughter, Miss 
Elizabeth McFeatters, who since the death of her father has resided in 
Edgerton. She was born at Lockhart, Tex., and after finishing her edu- 
cation in Bethany College, Topeka, taught in the Texas public schools, 
about a year, at Novasota. She then specialized as a private teacher in 
painting for a number of years, and has taught English and German 
to private pupils, and has also had classes at Gardner, Wellsville and 
Edgerton. She is an accomplished woman and a devout member of the 
Presbyterian church and active in church work and Sunday school. 

John Marty, a well known citizen and successful farmer of Mission 
township, is a native of AYisconsin. He was born in Green county, Jan- 
. uary 25, 1853, and is a son of Jacob Marty, a native of Switzerland, born 
in 1826. His wife, Electa Hill, was born in New York in 1830. The 
Marty family came to Kansas City, Mo., in 1865, and the same year came 
to Kansas, and located in Johnson county. The family consisted of the 
parents and four children, as follow : Chloe, born in Greene county in 
1851, married Frank Merritt in 1869 and is now deceased; Mary, born 
in Greene county in 1859, married William Poteet, of Johnson county, 
in 1879, now resides at Paris, Mo., and has five children ; John, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Laura, born in Johnson county, June, 1866, married 
J. A. Peteet, of Paola, Kan., and they now reside in Orange county, Cali- 
fornia, and are extensive orange growers. John Marty was educated 
in the public schools of Wisconsin and Johnson county, receiving a good 
common school education. At the age of twenty-one he engaged in 
farming on the old home place, on his own account. His father bought 
the place in 1865 from a Mr. Holmes, of Kansas City. Holmes had 


bought the place from a Mr. Keeler, who got his title from "Red or 
Rad", a Shawnee Indian. John Marty has bought additional land and 
now owns 280 acres of some of the best land in Johnson county, which 
has the advantage of joining the rapidly growing town of Overland 
Park. It is one of the best kept, best looking farms along the Strang 
Line. The farm residence is commodious and modern and one of the 
finest in Johnson county. Mr. Marty was united in marriage, December 
31, 1874, in Shawnee, now Mission township, Johnson county, to Miss 
Mildred S. Williams, of Mission township. Mrs. Marty is a native of 
Michigan, born at Battle Creek in 1850. To Mr. and Mrs. Marty have 
been born five children, as follow: Charles Sumner, unmarried, a grad- 
uate of Kansas Agriculture College, now a prosperous stockman of Lake 
City, Barber county, Kansas; Frederick Jacob died June 28, 1880; Floyd 
French, educated at Baker University, a successful farmer near Bucyrus, 
Kan., and owns the farm formerly owned by D. H. Heflebower, ex-State 
treasurer of Kansas, married Edith Coe, who was a student of Baker 
University at Olathe, Kan., in 1902, and they have five children, John 
Robert, Mortimer Coe, Floyd French, Mildred Elmora and Ruth Lou- 
ise ; Frieda E., born at Frenchville, Col., a graduate of the State Agri- 
cultural College, Manhattan, class of 1905, resides at Overland Park 
with her parents; and Jessie Lou, born in Mission township, is a grad- 
uate of the Manhattan Agricultural College, and Columbia University, 
New York City, married Loren \Y. Lawson, June 11, 1912, and now 
resides at McPherson, Kan. Mr. Marty recollects many early incidents 
of pioneer Johnson county history which left their imprints on his mind 
as a child. He remembers when the Quaker mission building near Mer- 
riam was used for meetings and Sunday school, and he attended Sunday 
school there in 1865, when most of the attendants were Indians. 

J. O. Huggins, a well known and successful Johnson county farmer, 
is a native of the Sunflower State. He was born on Salt creek, Leaven- 
worth county Kansas, August 8, 1856, and is a son of Benjamin F. and 
Amanda (Hundley) Huggins. The father was a native of Tennessee 
and the mother of Kentucky. Benjamin F. Huggins came to Kansas in 
1850, and was married after coming to this State. He preempted gov- 
ernment land on Salt creek, in Leavenworth county, and was a pioneer 
of that section. He remained in Leavenworth county until 1865, when 
he came to Johnson county and settled on the Black Bob reservation, 
and followed farming there until 1883, when he removed to Olathe, where 
he died in 1895. He was a Democrat and a veteran of the Civil war. 
He and his wife were ardent supporters of the Free-State cause and 
endured many hardships during the days of the Border war, although 
they adhered strongly to their anti-slavery convictions. The mother 
died in 1891. They were the parents of ten children: Eretta, deceased; 
Jennie, who married Robert Baker, of Olathe; George F., of Belton, 
Mo.; a girl who died in infancy; J. O., the subject of this sketch; Mar- 
tha Frances resides in Olathe ; Prudie married George Folmer, of Olathe ; 


Henry Sterling, of Olathe township ; Robert G., of Olathe, and William 
S., who died at the age of fifteen. J. O. Huggins was reared in Johnson 
county and attended the Black Bob district school. This was one of 
the primitive, pioneer school houses of Johnson county. In 1883 he went 
to South Dakota and took up government land, and remained in that 
State for nineteen years. He then sold out, and after spending about 
two years in Colorado, returned to Johnson county, in 1903, and bought 
a fine farm of 160 acres, three miles northwest of Olathe, where he con- 
ducts an extensive dairy farm. He milks from forty to forty-five cows, 
mostly Holsteins. However, he has some Jerseys and Shorthorns. Mr. 
Huggins was married, July 4, 1880, to Miss Ida May Phillips, a native 
of Illinois, who came to Kansas with her parents when two years old. 
They located on the Black Bob reservation, and her father, David Phil- 
lips, now resides in South Dakota. To Mr. and Mrs. Huggins have been 
born eight children, as follow : Orpha married George Trotter, Syra- 
cuse, Kan.; Benjamin F., Geddis, S. D. ; Joseph F., Geddis, S. D. ; Wal- 
ter, a farmer of Olathe township ; Ray and Ora, twins, both associated 
with their father in the management of the home place ; Archie and Fred 
died in childhood. Mr. Huggins is a Democrat, but has never aspired 
to hold political office ; however, he has served as clerk of the school 
board and held other minor offices. He is a member of the Grange, the 
Modern Woodmen of America and of the Baptist church. 

A. J. Hunt, of Olathe township, is one of the successful farmers of John_ 
son county. He is a native of Woodford county, Kentucky, born July 29, 
1852, and is a son of Wilson and Agnes (Ford) Hunt, both natives of 
Kentucky. The family came from Kentucky in 1868 and reached Olathe 
on the twenty-second day of November of that year, and they were the 
first passengers to reach Olathe over the Frisco road which was just 
about completed to that point, although they were not running any regu- 
lar trains. The mother and three small children rode in the cab of the 
engine. This was before Olathe had even a depot. The father was 
a harness maker and worked at his trade in Olathe for ten or twelve 
years when he bought a farm near Gardner, but continued to work at his 
trade for several years. He died in 1912, at the age of eighty-three, and 
the mother passed away in 191 5, aged eighty^three. They were the 
parents of seven children, three of whom are living, as follows : A. J.,- 
the subject of this sketch; Robert L., Denver, Colo., and John T., resides 
on the home place in Gardner township. A. J. Hunt remained at home 
until he was about twenty-three years old when he went to work as a 
farm laborer for three or four years. In 1878 he bought a place near 
Lone Elm. Shortly afterwards he sold that place and about a year later 
bought his present place which consists of 150 acres, one mile west of 
Olathe, which is one of the best farms in Olathe township. He carries 
on general farming and dairying and has been very successful in his 
undertakings. Mr. Hunt was married July 28, 1878, to Miss Flora A., 


daughter of George W. and Lavina (Raymond) Mclntyre, the former 
a native of Canada and the latter of Chautauqua county, New York, and 
a descendant of New England stock. The father died in Olathe in 
1864, aged fifty years, and the mother died in 1895, at tne a S e °f seventy. 
They were among the very first settlers of Johnson county and came 
here from Milwaukee, Wis., in 1855. They took up Government land 
in Olathe township, and the place is now known as the Greening farm. 
Before coming to Kansas the father was a sailor on the great lakes and 
for years sailed from Buffalo to Chicago. They were the parents of 
seven children : Francis, married James Wells, of Olathe, and is now 
deceased ; George served in the Civil war and is now deceased.; Myron 
was also a veteran of the Civil war, now deceased; Flora A., the wife of 
A. J. Hunt, whose name introduces this sketch; William, Olathe, Kan.; 
Fred, a veteran of the Civil war, resides at Olathe; Jessie married Fred 
Warren, Olathe. Mrs. Hunt was born in Milwaukee, Wis., May 6, 1856, 
and was a child when her parents came to Kansas. She was here during 
the stirring days of the Border war and the Civil war that followed, 
and has a distinct recollection of many of the events of those times. She 
recalls Quantrill's raid in Olathe and remembers, at that time, that her 
mother took her and some other children down on the banks of Mill 
creek where they kept in hiding until Quantrill and his guerillas had 
completed their work and passed on. To Mr. and Mrs. Hunt have been 
born seven children, as follows: John, a graduate of Olathe High School 
and Yale College, now a prominet physician of Seattle, Wash. ; Ger- 
trude M., married Roy Dent, Seattle, Wash. ; Agnes L., married Arthur 
Newhart, Olathe ; Albert Roy, died in childhood ; Gladys and two chil- 
dren died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Hunt are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church and Mr. Hunt is a member of the Grange and is a 
Democrat. Mrs. Hunt belongs to the Old Settlers' Association, the 
Women's Relief Corp and the Home Missionary Society of the Methodist 

Casper Busch, one of the large land owners and most prosperous 
farmers of Johnson county, is a native of Germany. He was born, March 
3, 1844, at Emtinghausen Amtatinhausen, Province of Hanover, Ger- 
many. He was reared in his native country and educated in the schools 
of Germany. When he was twenty-one years of age he left the Father- 
land and immigrated to America, locating in Preble county, Ohio. Here 
he worked as a farm laborer about one year, when he went to Cincinnati, 
where he was employed in a lead factory for four years. He then decided 
that there were better opportunities for an ambitious young man in the 
new West, and, following this determination, he came to Kansas, in the 
spring of 1870, locating in Johnson county. He bought a farm of forty 
acres, located about four males north of Olathe, from a Mr. McLaugh- 
lin, who went to western Kansas. Mr. Busch has added to his original 
holding from time to time and now owns one of the finest farms in the 


county. It consists of 590 acres of well-improved land, with good build- 
ings, and is one of the finest appearing places to be seen along any Kan- 
sas highway. Mr. Busch is a close student of the details of agriculture 
and a scientific farmer. His notable success is partially due to that fact, 
and to the fact that he has been an untiring worker and does not put off 
until tomorrow what he can do today. Mr. Busch was united in mar- 
riage, in 1870, to Miss Adaline Klusman and they have one child, Anna 
Catharine, born in Olathe township August 23, 1871, and is now the wife 
of H. F. Sitterman. Mr. Busch is a public-spirited citizen and is ever 
ready to further the interests of his county and State, and is an enthu- 
siastic Kansan, or, as he expresses it, "The Sunflower State is good 
enough for me." 

R. C. Hundley, a well known farmer of Olathe township, is a native 
son of Johnson county, born in Monticello township, November 10, 
1869. He is the son of William and Mary (Roberts) Hundley, both 
natives of Kentucky. William C. Hundley was born in Henry county, 
Kentucky, April 12, 1833, and in 1857 cam e to Kansas with his parents 
and settled in Leavenworth county, and the following year the family 
removed to Monticello township, Johnson county, and were among the 
early settlers of that section. William Hundley and Mary Roberts were 
married in Platte county, Missouri, in 1856. She was a native of Law- 
rence county, Kentucky, and removed to Missouri with her parents when 
she was sixteen years old. Her parents came to Kansas in 1857, and 
later returned to Missouri but came to Johnson county afterwards where 
they spent their lives. William Hundley died in Monticello township, 
January 15, 1900, and his wife now resides on the old homestead. They 
were the parents of seven children, as follows : Nancy, married Ross 
Williams, Kansas City, Mo. ; Allie, married Jacob Broadhurst, Kansas 
City, Kan. ; William, resides on the old homestead with his mother ; Ef- 
fie also resides on the home place ; Edward, Kansas City, Kan. ; R. C, 
the subject of this sketch, and Maud married Clay Leisure. R. C. 
Hundley was reared in Monticello township and attended the 
public schools, remaining on the home farm until he was about twenty- 
five years old, when he engaged in farming on his own account which has 
since been his occupation. Air. Hundley was united in marriag-e in 
1897 to Miss Caroline Thompson, a native of Indiana who resided in 
Dekalb county, .Missouri, at the time of her marriage. They have one 
child, Dewey, residing at home. Mr. Hundley is one of the substantial 
citizens of Johnson county and his political views are Democratic al- 
though he has never sought public office. 

S. H. Allison, a well known and successful farmer of Olathe township, 
is a native of Ohio. He was born in Shelby county, May 5, 1856, and is 
a son of R. C. and Mary (Russell) Allison, the former a native of Penn- 
sylvania and the latter of Ohio. The mother died when S. H. was 
about two years of age. The father followed farming in Ohio until 


about 1869 when he moved to Kansas and bought a quarter section of 
land at $20 dollars per acre. This property is now the home of S. 
H. Allison, whose name introduces this sketch. The father improved the 
place and built a log- house about forty rods south of where the farm 
residence now stands. He spent the remainder of his life in Johnson 
county where he followed farming and prospered. He died in 1899. 
The Allison family consisted of six children, as follows : J. C, who re- 
sides in Topeka; W. M., a resident of Stanley, Kan.; S. H., the subject 
of this sketch ; F. R. and two sisters who are now deceased. S. H. 
Allison attended the public schools, both in Ohio and Kansas. He was 
thirteen years old when the family came to Johnson county. He has 
made farming his life occupation and was associated with his father 
until the death of the latter. Since that time he has carried on farming 
on the home place and is one of the substantial farmers and stockmen 
of Johnson county. Mr. Allison was united in marriage March 15, 1897, 
to Miss Minnie, daughter of T. L. Beckett, of Olathe township. To 
this union have been born two children, Lucile and Tennis, the elder, 
a sophomore in the Olathe High School. Mr. Allison is a Republican 
and since reaching manhood has been active in the local affairs of his 
party and has rarely missed attending a county or State convention. In 
1900 he was elected county commissioner of Johnson county and reelec- 
ted to that office at the expiration of his first term, serving eight years 
in all, and during: that time established a record as a conscientious and 
efficient public officer. In 1914 he was appointed trustee of Olathe 
township, and in the fall of that year was elected to that office. He has 
the distinction of having served as county commissioner of Johnson 
county longer than any other man. Mr. Allison is a member of the 
Grange, the Modern Woodmen of America and the family belongs to the 
Presbyterian church. 

Roy Murray, the capable city engineer of Olathe, is a native son of 
Johnson county. He was born in Olathe township, February 9, 1879, 
and is a son of Arnold and Martha K. (Ferree) Murray, both natives of 
Rush county, Indiana. The father was a Civil war veteran, enlisting at 
the aee of sixteen and served in the One Hundred and Twenty-third regi- 

i s 

ment, Indiana infantry, and was wounded during his term of service. In 
1869 he came to Kansas locating at Pleasant View, Johnson county, 
and later bought a farm east of Olathe where he followed farming until 
his death, April n, 1903, in his fifty-ninth year. His health was so im- 
paired as a result of his services in the army that he never was really a 
well man after the war. However, he prospered and made money and at 
the time of his death was well to do. Roy Murray is one of a family of 
three, as follows : Ora May, the wife of former Gov. George Hodges, of 
Olathe; Ada, who died at the age of six and Roy, the subject of this 
sketch. Roy Murray attended the public schools and graduated from the 
Olathe High School in the class of 1897. ^ e tnen traveled on the 


road for four years and during that time covered nearly every State 
for three years studied civil engineering and in 1906-07 he pursued the 
same course in the University of Wisconsin at Madison, and in the 
fall of 1907 was appointed city engineer of Olathe and has since 
served in that capacity. During his term of office, the city of 
Olathe has done a g~reat deal of constructive improvement and the 
city has spent thousands of dollars, all of which falls under the super- 
vision of the city engineer. It is up to him to see that the work is done 
according to specifications and that the taxpayers receive their money's 
worth. The new water works system has been completed during Mr. 
Murray's administration and a great deal of sewer work has been com- 
pleted as well as street paving. Mr. Murray is a skilled civil engineer 
and a conscientious public official. He was married, March 29, 1908, 
to Miss Nadiene Stuart Nichols, daughter of Charles H. Nichols, of 
Oklahoma City, and they have one child, Evelyn Jane, three years of 
age. He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Fra- 
ternal Order of Eagles and is a member of the Christian church. Mr. 
Murray has a broad acquaintance in Johnson county and many friends. 

A. O. Moon, superintendent of the Johnson county hospital and 
farm, is a native son of Kansas. He was born in Lyon county, July 24 r 
1871, and is a son of Asa and Anne P. (Pennington) Moon, both natives- 
of Hamilton county, Indiana, the former born September 30, 1834, and 
the latter in 1838. They were the parents of seven children, as follows : 
Alvin, died in infancy; Emma, married Henry Allen, Hutchinson, Kan.; 
Luther, Neosha Rapids, Kan. ; Dora, married J. R. Stone, Chase county,. 
Kansas; Alvah, Benedict; A. O., the subject of this sketch, and Frank. 
Asa Moon, the father, was a son of John and Lavina (Burnside) Moon,, 
natives of North Carolina, who removed to Indiana at an early day, 
and in 1858 came to Kansas. They drove the entire distance with a 
"private conveyance," which consisted of an ox team and a prairie 
schooner. They settled in Lyon county on what has since been known 
as Moon creek. They were among the very first settlers of that section 
of the State and their house was used for religious meetings for a num- 
ber of years. They prempted land there and John Moon and his wife 
spent the remainder of their lives in that locality. They were the parents 
of eight children, Asa, Jesse, deceased, of Johnson county ; Jacob and 
Mary, twins, the latter deceased and Jacob resides at Emporia ; Elisha, 
resides in Lyon county ; William, Madison, Kan. ; Calvin, Emporia ; and 
Melisaa. Asa Moon came to Kansas in 1858 and for a time remained in 
the vicinity of Shawnee mission. Johnson county. He then went to Lyon 
county and preemptied Government land and has made that county his- 
home ever since. He was engaged in freighting in the early days, and 
made many trips across the plains from Leavenworth to Emporia and 
between other points in the State. Lyon county at that time was known 
as Breckenridge county and it was well in advance of the border line of 


settlement. There were more Indians in that section then than white 
people and Mr. Moon may well he called one of the pioneers of Kansas. 
Although now well past the four score mark in the journey of life, he 
is a man of remarkable vigor and appears to be twenty years younger 
than he is. His wife departed this life in August 1896. She was one 
of the noble pioneer women of Kansas who lived a consistent christian 
life. She bore the suffering of her last days with fortitude and was recon- 
ciled to pass to the great beyond. Johnson county is unusually fortu- 
nate in having a man of Mr. Moon's experience and capabilities to man- 
age that particular branch of its affairs of which he has charge. He was 
reared in Lyon county and remained in the parental home until he was 
twenty years old. He then came to Johnson county and located in Lex- 
ington township where he remained until 1893. He then returned to Lyon 
county to care for his mother, whose health was failing and remained 
with her until she died and in 1899 returned to Johnson county. He 
operated a creamery at Pioneer for eighteen months. He then entered 
the employ of E. H. L. Thompson, as manager of his 220 acre farm, 
north of Olathe. This place is known at the "Model Farm" and Mr. 
Moon had much to do with its ideal development, having had charge 
of it fur nine years and three months. In 1913 he accepted his present 
position and immediately upon assuming the duties of that office he 
introduced the innovation of separating the county hospital from the 
countv farm and operating them as distinct institutions, although appar- 
ently as one. The plan is to keep distinct accounts of the expenses and 
income of both departments and for the profits of the farm to main- 
tain the hospital. This was put into effect in 1914, and during that year 
the profits of the farm not only maintained the hospital but produced a 
surplus of $525.00 the second year. The county farm consists of 182 
acres, and Mr. Moon aims to conduct general farming on a profitable 
basis. During the year of 1914 he sold $1,800 worth of produce from the 
place in addition to maintaining about fourteen inmates. Mr. Moon 
not only takes a deep interest in the profit producing part of his work, 
but looks carefully after the welfare of the unfortunates who come 
within his care. The hospital is in charge of a trained nurse, Miss 
Helen Mills, and the helpless are constantly made as comfortable as 
possible. Mr. Moon was united in marriage November 15, 1892. to 
Miss Rodena White, a daughter of Roland and Caroline (Lindlay) 
White, pioneers of Johnson county. Mrs. Moon was born March 25, 
1 87 1 , in Lexington township and died July 26, 1913, leaving three chil- 
dren, as follows : lone, matron of the Johnson county hospital ; Edna 
and Josephine reside with their father. Mr. Moon is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Fraternal Order of Eagles. 
He belongs to the Friends church at Prairie Center and politically is a 


F. M. Lorimer, manager of the M. G. Miller estate, is a native son of 
Johnson county. He was born in Oxford township, May 27, 1878, and 
is a son of J. C. and Sadie (Walker) Lorimer. J. C. Lorimer was a 
native of Ireland, born October 20, 1846, and died in Olathe, Kan., Octo- 
ber 20, 1914. His wife was a native of Ohio and they were married 
in Olathe in 1873. They were the parents of seven boys, all of whom 
were born in Oxford township, Johnson county, as follows: J. B., mar- 
ried May Marvin and resides in Johnson county, four miles east of 
Olathe; Charles U., is married; Dean, married Madge Milligan, of 
Olathe, and lives each of Olathe ; Claud, married Allie Wood ; George 
George married Bessie Douglas, of Olathe, and resides on the home farm 
in Oxford township ; Lee is unmarried and lives with his mother in 
Olathe, and is in the employ of Willis C. Keefer; and F. M., the sub- 
ject of this sketch. F. M. Lorimer was reared on the home farm in 
Johnson county, and was educated in the district schools and the Olathe 
High School. His business career began at the time he finished high 
school. As he was passing M. G. Miller's place of business, on his 
way to school one morning, Mr. Miller called him into his office and 
asked him what he was doing. The boy told him that he was going to 
high school, and Mr. Miller told him what he wanted in these words: 
"I want you to work for me just as soon as school is out," and from 
that day he began working for Mr. Miller, evenings and Saturdays, 
and from that time he has been in his employ. This was in 1897 an< ^ 
Mr. Lorimer remained in the employ of Mr. Miller until his death in 
1909, and, since that time, has been in the employ of the estate as 
manager, and in that capacity is at the head of one of the important com- 
mercial enterprises of Johnson county. When he entered the employ 
of Mr. Miller, the latter was interested in various enterprises in Olathe 
and Johnson county. He owned a bank, a grocery store and a fourth 
interest in the Hadley Mill and considerable business and farm property. 
Later Mr. Miller acquired the Olathe Citizens Telephone Company 
which is still owned by his estate and comes within the scope of Mr. 
Lorimer's management. Mr. Lorimer has developed this telephone sys- 
tem and has installed modern telephone apparatus and it is now one of 
the extensive local telephone systems of the State. Mr. Lorimer has the 
management of the farm properties of the Miller estate also, which con- 
sist of five farms in Johnson county and has an aggregate of 1,331 acres. 
The management of these vast acres together with the telephone and 
other interests of the Miller estate puts Mr. Lorimer in a class almost 
by himself, and it is a safe guess that he is about the busiest man in 
Johnson county, but with it all he has a noiseless way of doing things 
that gives the casual observer the impression that he always has plenty 
of time to attend to whatever matter is then before him. Mr. Lorimer 
was married in 1900 to Miss Maude Smith, of Olathe, and they have 
one child, Nelle, born August 14, 1903. Mrs. Lorimer was born in 


Gardner and was a daughter of W. Lee Smith. Her father died when 
Mrs. Lorimer was a child and left her widowed mother in meager 
circumstances to face the problem of life with five small children. Not- 
withstanding the fact that she was a frail woman, she possessed the will 
and determination to win, and did. She kept her little family together 
and brought them up well and gave them all exceptional educational op- 
portunities. The other memrebers of the family beside Mrs. Lorimer are 
as follows : Mrs. Bertha Wilkerson, of Spring Hill ; Mrs. Nelle Akers, 
who resides in Oklahoma; Eleanor, bookkeeper for the Burnap Station- 
ery Company, Kansas City, Mo. ; and Ed., a veteran of the Spanish- 
American war, serving in the Twenty-third Kansas regiment in the 
Philippine Islands, and for a number of years was an employe of the 
Bell Telephone Company in Colorado, and now resides in Kansas 
City, Mo. 

George Huff, a Civil war veteran and representative of that type of 
pioneers who settled and developed Johnson county, is now living retired 
at Olathe, after a successful career. George Huff is a native of Illinois, 
born in Pike county, October 2, 1843, a,1( l i s a son °f John and Mary 
(Bruner) Huff, the father a native of Prussia and the mother of Pennsyl- 
vania. They came to Illinois at a very early date, first locating in Pike 
county and when George, the subject of this sketch, was a child, they 
removed to Adams county, where the parents spent the remainder of 
their lives. The father died at the age of sixty-two and the mother at 
seventy-five. They were the parents of the following children: Aaron, 
who served three years in the Civil war, now deceased ; George, the sub- 
ject of this sketch ; John resides in Olathe ; Lydia, married Nathan 
Barnes, both deceased; Mary, deceased; Rachael, married John Pursell, 
Winfield, Kan. ; Frank, Sugar City, Colo. ; Jacob resides in Adams county, 
Illinois ; James, Pike county, Illinois ; Martha, married Clarence Her- 
ron and they reside in Oklahoma; Alice, married James Richardson, 
Pike county, Illinois ; Emma married a Mr. Cummings, Oklahoma, and 
William, resides in Reno county, Kansas. George Huff was reared on 
a farm, acquired a good common school education in the pioneer schools 
of the times, and had just about reached manhood when the Civil war 
broke out. He enlisted at Ouincy, 111., in Company D, Seventh regiment, 
Illinois infantry. They were sent to Camp Butler and a few days later 
to New York City ; thence to Newbern, N. C, on a transport, and shortly 
after that joined Sherman's army in South Carolina and was in that local- 
ity when Jefferson Davis, the Confederate president, was captured. At 
the close of the war his regiment was returned to Washington and took 
part in the Grand Review and was then sent to Louisville, Ky., where 
he was discharged and later, in July, 1865, was mustered out at Camp 
Butler, near Springfield, 111. He then returned to Adams county and 
farmed for a short time, and in t866 came to Kansas, locating in John- 
son county, where he worked as a farm laborer about three years, when 


he returned to Illinois and was married and brought his bride back to 
Johnson county and bought a farm ten miles east of Olathe which he 
still owns. He added to his original farm from time to time until he 
now owns 360 acres of land. He was successfully engaged in farming 
and stock raising and has become one of the substantial men of the 
county. He removed to Olathe in 1897 and since that time has rented 
his farms. Mr. Huff was married September 12, 1869, to Miss Mary 
Ellen Chaplin, a native of Pike county, Illinois, and a daughter of one 
of the pioneer families of Illinois. Her parents were Simeon F. Chap- 
lin and Polela J. Farmer and they were both natives of Tennessee. They 
died in Pike county, Illinois. Mr. Huff is a member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, Franklin Post No. 68, and he belongs to the Grange, 
the Anti Horse Thief Association, and he and Mrs. Huff are members 
of the Church of Christ. 

E. D. Warner, a veteran of the Civil war and Kansas pioneer, now liv- 
ing retired at Olathe, is a native of the Empire State. He was born at 
Schoharie, Schoharie county, New York, September 16, 1834, a son of 
Peter and Amanda (Smith) Warner, natives of New York, the former 
a descendant of German ancestors and the latter of New England stock. 
The family removed to Delaware county in the thirties, when E. D. was 
a child. In 1847 they removed to Bradford county, Pennsylvania, set- 
tling near Rome, where they both died. The father was ninety-two years 
old, and the mother eighty-four, and their remains are buried in a private 
cemetery at Litchfield, Pa. They were the parents of five children, as 
follows : Mathias, served in the United States navy during the Civil war. 
He was a machinist and spent his life at Susquehanna, Pa. ; Betsey, mar- 
ried John Hubbell, of Waverly, N. Y., and they are both deceased ; John 
spent his life in Windham township, Bradford county, Pennsylvania. 
He served in a Pennsylvania regiment in the Civil war ; Oscar served in 
the Fourth regiment, New York infantry, in the Civil war, and was a 
member of the Seventh United States cavalry and was killed in the Cus- 
ter massacre at Little Big Horn, Mont., and E. D., the subject of this 
sketch. E. D. Warner received a common school education,, attending 
school in Delaware county, New York, and Bradford county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and later attended the Nichols Academy, Nichols, N. Y., and was 
working at the carpenter's trade when the Civil war broke out. He re- 
sponded to the first call for volunteers and on April 1, 1861, enlisted at 
Montrose, Pa., to serve three months and was mustered into the United 
States service at Harrisburg, Pa., April 23, 1861. He was assigned to 
Company K, Sixth Pennsylvania Reserves, and that organization later 
became the Thirty-fifth regiment, Pennsylvania infantry, and was com- 
manded by Col. Wallace Ricketts. The organization was completed at 
Camp Curtain, near Harrisburg, June 22, 1861, however, they remained 
there for drill purposes, guard duty, etc., until July 12, 1861, when they 
were fully equipped and marched to Greencastle, Pa., and resumed drill 


at Camp Biddle. On the twenty-second day of July they marched to 
Washington, D. C, and were engaged for a time in performing guard 
duty in the vicinity of the capitol. Mr. Warner was discharged on 
account of disability at Washington, August 2, 1861. He was very sick 
and the surgeon did not expect him to live. He returned to his Pennsyl- 
vania home and in the next few months recovered his health, and on 
November 1, 1861, enlisted at Elmira, N. Y., in Company H, Tenth regi- 
ment, New York cavalry. He left Elmira, December 24, 1861, and was 
sent to Gettysburg, Pa., and was in that vicinity until March, 1862, and 
was later transferred to the Twenty-second army corps on the defense 
of Washington. His regiment was attached to Kilpatrick's brigade. 
They were at the battle of Leesburg, Germantown, Rappahannock Sta- 
tion, Stoneman's raid, Louisa Court House, Beverly Ford, Brandy Sta- 
tion, Aldie, Middleburg, Upperville, Gettysburg, Shepherdstown, Sulphur 
Springs, Auburn, Breatal Station, Mine Run, Ely's Ford, Morrisonville, 
Tod's Tavern, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Sheridan's Raid near Rich- 
mond; Howe's Shop, Trevillion Station, King and Queen Court House, 
Siege of Petersburg, Deep Bottom, Lee's Mills, Ream's Station, Weldon 
railroad, Stony Creek, Hatch's Run, Dinwiddie Court House, Sailor's 
Creek, Farmville and Appomattox Court House, and a number of 
minor engagements, skirmishes, raids and expeditions. During its ser- 
vice Mr. Warner's regiment lost 595 officers and men, killed, wounded 
and missing. Mr. Warner was captured at Second Bull Run, August 30, 
1862, and paroled on the field and sent to the parole camp at Annapolis, 
Md., where he was later exchanged and returned to his regiment. He 
had many narrow escapes but was never seriously wounded. A bullet 
grazed his hand in the engagement at Louisa Court House. When he 
was taken prisoner he was on detail scout duty, and ambushed in the 
night near Sulphur Springs. The curb chain broke on his bridle and he 
was unable to control his horse, which went straight through between 
the two lines of battle but Mr. Warner succeeded in making his escape 
and took a prisoner back to the Union lines. The Confederate prisoner 
whom he captured was a major in a Virginia regiment. After the prison- 
er was disarmed a Union sergeant made an attempt to kill him, his bul- 
let just grazing the prisoner's neck. Mr. Warner protected his prisoner 
and came within an ace of killing the sergeant. Mr. Warner reported the 
affair to General Kilpatrick later and the General told him he should have 
killed the sergeant, but the sergeant was drowned later. Mr. Warner 
was discharged November 28, 1864, by reason of the expiration of his 
term of enlistment. He returned to Bradford county and joined his wife 
who had resided there while he was in the army. He then went to 
Rochester, Minn., and that fall bought a farm in Steel county and 
engaged in farming and remained there about seven years, when he re- 
moved to Nevada, Mo., and later to Lacygne, Linn county, Kansas, 
where he remained five years, when he went to Bates county, Missouri, 


and operated a coal mine. After operating- there for twelve years he sold 
his mines and 183 acres of coal land to the railroad company, and in 
December, 1889, came to Olathe and conducted a coal and feed business 
until 1900 when he sold out, and since that time has not been actively 
engaged in any business. He is a stockholder in the Grange store and 
the Patrons Bank and owns considerable property in Kansas City, Mo. 
Mr. Warner was married February 6, 1856, to Miss Nancy M. Kenyon,. 
at Owego, N. Y. She is a native of Bradford county, Pennsylvania, and 
was born at Kenyon Hill, her parents being very early settlers in that 
locality. To Mr. and Mrs. Warner have been born two children, Elnora, 
married James Oldfield, of Lacygne, Kan., and she is now deceased, and 
Eugene, an employe of the Union Pacific railroad, at Argentine, Kan. 
Mr. Warner is a Republican, and for years was active in the councils of 
his party. He is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, Frank- 
lin Post No. 68, and his wife is a member of the Women's Relief Corps. 
Mr. Warner is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
Mr. and Mrs. Warner are members of the Presbyterian church. They 
reside in a cosy home at No. 317 North Cherry Street, where they are 
highly respected and have many friends. Mrs. Warner has been a true 
helpmate and partner in every particular, and did her part nobly and well 
in times of war as well as peace. During the Civil war, when Mr. War- 
ner was in the army, she was serving her country by maintaining the 
home. She conducted the home farm in Bradford county, Pennsylvania,, 
and cared for their two children. Women of that type are no less patri- 
otic than their husbands, fathers or sons, who were in the line of action 
during the days when the clouds of war hung low over the land. 

Abraham N. Edgington, a Civil war veteran and early Johnson county 
settler, has, perhaps, seen more frontier life than any other man in John- 
son county. He was born on the treeless plains of Illinois, at Pontiac, 
Livingston county, July 5, 1839. This was an early day in that section 
of the West, and the Edgington family, in taking up their home in that 
section, were crowding very closely on the border of the frontier. A. N. 
Edgington is a son of Miric D. and Margaret W. (Breckenridge) Edg- 
ington, both natives of Brown county, Ohio. The Edgingtons are old 
American stock of Scotch and Irish descent. Miric D. Edgington was 
born February 22, 1810, and was a son of Abraham Edgington, who was 
a native of Maryland, born April 19, 1780. He first removed from his 
native State to Virginia, and then to Ohio where he died. He settled in 
Brown county sometime between 1800 and 1810. His wife bore the maid- 
en name of Jane Kincaid, and she was also a Marylander. Margaret 
Breckenridge, the mother of Abraham N. Edgington, was born in Brown 
county, Ohio, April 6, 1812. She was a daughter of Robert Breckenridge 
and Mary Wright, the former born in Maryland, born September 27, 
1774, and the latter was also a native of Maryland, born September 24,. 
1773. Robert Breckenridge, his wife and family were early settlers in 


Illinois, locating in that State in 1833. Miric D. Edgington, the father of 
A. N., located in Livingston county, Illinois, in 1834. He drove from Ohio 
and when he reached the vicinity of Pontiac his team and wagon and a 
fifty cent piece constituted all his earthly possessions, and when he died 
he owned 400 acres of land, which is said to be so valuable now that it is 
not safe to leave it out of doors over night. He paid for his land by haul- 
ing wheat to Chicago, receiving fifty cents a bushel for hauling. The 
story goes that one time while he was in Chicago, or where Chicago now 
is, he was offered forty acres of land, which would be in the heart of 
the city now, for a little pony worth about $40. He refused the 
offer saying, that he wouldn't give that pony for all the land in sight 
around there. When the Edgington family located in Livingston county, 
there were lots of Indians in the vicinity, and all kinds of game were 
plentiful for a number of years after they came. A. N. Edgington says 
when he was a boy that the neighbors were ten miles apart there, and he 
remembers on one occasion of counting 160 deer in one herd, and he 
says that prairie chickens were there by the millions and lots of wild 
turkeys, but there were no quails nor rabbits. He claims that he reached 
Illinois before the quail or rabbits got there, and it is said to be a fact that 
these birds and animals never precede the settling up of a country. Mi- 
ric D. Edgington died in Livingston county, Illinois, September 6, 1859, 
and his wife died June 23, 1875. They were married November 23, 1832, 
and five children were born to this union as follows: Robert P., Ashland, 
Ore. ; A. N., the subject of this sketch ; Mary Ann, married J. E. Young, 
both now deceased ; William K., and Eliza Ellen, married Frank Dowing. 
A. N. Edgington spent his boyhood days on the plains of Illinois and grew 
to manhood, surrounded by pioneer conditions and he recalls many of 
the early-day crude methods in farming. He has not only used the old- 
fashioned grain cradle, but goes back still farther and has had experience 
in cutting grain with the sickle and he has mowed acres and acres of 
grass with a scythe, and notes with pleasure the great progress that has 
been made in the improvement of agricultural implements. Lie says that 
the present day generation is absolutely ignorant of real grief on the 
farm. Mr. Edgington remained on the home farm until August 8, 1862. 
when he enlisted at Pontiac, 111., in Company C, One Hundred and 
Twenty-ninth regiment, Illinois infantry. His command immediately 
proceeded to Louisville, Ky., and then went on a carnpaign from Louis- 
ville to Crab Orchard, and guarded the railroad to Nashville until May 2, 
1864. He was with Sherman on his march to the sea, took part in the 
fighting all along the line, was in the engagement at Perryville and 
Resaca, the fighting around Atlanta, and after Lee surrendered he went 
to Washington, and was in the Grand Review at the close of the war. 
After receiving his discharge, he returned to Illinois and was engaged in 
farming there until 1867, when he went to Saline county, Missouri. He 
remained there until December, 1869, when he came to Johnson county 


on the "Black Bob" one and one-half miles south and one mile east of 
Morse. In 1871 he went to Butler county, Kansas, where he took up a 
Government homestead. After proving up on his claim, he traded his 
Butler county farm and has resided in this county ever since. Mr. 
Edgington was married July 22, 1865, to Miss Catherine E. Durflinger, 
of Noblesville, Hamilton county, Indiana. Eight children were born 
to this union, two of whom are now living. W. T. resides at Prescott, 
Linn county, Kansas, and Floy, now the wife of M. S. Gilliham, of Len- 
exa, Kan. Mr. Edgington's wife and the mother of these children died 
September 8, 1908. Mr. Edgington has been a lifelong Republican, but 
in later years, like many others, he is inclined towards independence in 
politics. In 1891 he was elected county commissioner of Johnson county. 
He served one term, but refused to accept a second nomination. He was 
a member of the board of county commissioners, when the present splen- 
did court house of Johnson county was erected, and one of the unusual 
circumstances about the building of this court house, which many people 
in Johnson county do not know at the present time, is that it was built 
without issuing any bonds, or incurring- any obligation for taxpayers 
to pay in the future. The county commissioners adopted the "pay as 
you go" plan and when the court house was completed, it was paid for. 
Mr. Edgington was the father of the plan by which this was accom- 
plished, and that was to raise a two and one-half mill tax, which pro- 
duced sufficient funds for the purpose. Mr. Edgington is a member of 
the Grand Army of the Republic and is now commander of Franklin 
Post No. 68. He is a Methodist and has been a member of that church 
since 1876. 

David Taggart, a prominent Johnson county farmer, and veteran of 
the Civil war, has for over fifty years been a factor in the development 
of Johnson county. He was born at Cannonsburg, Pa., February 12, 
1843, an d is a son of John and Jane M. (McCool) Taggart, the former 
a native of County Antrim, Ireland, and the latter of Washington county, 
Pa. The father was a weaver, but also was interested in farming to 
some extent. Both he and his wife died at Cannonsburg, Pa. They 
were the parents of the following children : Alexander McCool, who 
came to Johnson county in 1865, but later returned to Pennsylvania 
where he died; James died at Cannonsburg, Pa.; Samuel B. was a Pres- 
byterian preacher, and died at Alton, 111. ; John, died at Beaver Falls, Pa. ; 
Moses R., a Civil war veteran, resides at Wilkinsburg, Pa. ; Rachael 
married Henry McKee, of Indiana, and is now a widow, residing in 
Olathe, and David, the subject of this sketch. David Taggart was 
reared to manhood in Cannonsburg, Pa., and received his education in 
the public schools there. When the Civil war broke out, he was still 
under age, but on August 13, 1862, he enlisted at Cannonsburg, Pa., in 
Company G, One Hundred and Fortieth regiment, Pennsylvania infan- 
try, which was attached to the first brigade, first division, second army 


corps, Army of the Potomac. Mr. Taggart's company first went to 
Camp Curtain, near Harrisburg, and for a time guarded the railroads in 
Maryland. Mr. Taggart was with his regiment in the following engage- 
ments: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Bristow Station, Pine Run, Tod's 
Tavern, Wilderness, Corbin's Bridge, Po River, Spottsylvania, North 
Anne, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, 
Rheims Station, Hatch's Run, Southerland Station, Sailor's Creek, Cum- 
berland Church, Farmsville and Appomattox. Mr. Taggart was never 
wounded, but his fortunate escape was not the result of any undue cau- 
tion, for he was in the thick of many of the hardest fought battles of the 
Civil war, and never shirked from danger or exposure to the enemy's fire. 
At Spottsylvania, for instance, after three color bearers had been shot 
down, he took the colors and carried them through the fight and for 
this gallantry and reckless regard for his own life, in the storm of leaden 
hail, he was promoted to color sergeant, and as a relic of former days of 
gallantry, he has in his possession a star from the old battle flag which 
he carried at Appomattox, and in the review of the Grand Army of 
the Republic that followed at Washington. At the close of the war he 
was mustered out and honorably discharged at Pittsburgh, Pa., June 3, 
1865. He returned to his Cannonsburg home, and remained there until 
the following spring, when he came west and on March 28, 1865, reached 
Johnson county. Like many others, he "squatted" on the Black Bob 
reservation, the title of which, as is well known, was between the Gov- 
ernment and the Indians. Mr. Taggart took up 200 acres of land here 
and for fourteen years during the negotiations he had the use of this 
place without even paying any taxes. Later he added 280 acres to his 
original holdings, and he and his son Frank now have a fine farm of 480 
acres in one body located in the townships of Aubry, Oxford and 
Olathe. After Frank reached manhood, his father took him into part- 
nership, and they operated together for a number of years, and for 
several years past Frank has practically conducted the business him- 
self. They are among the most extensive stock and grain raisers in 
Johnson county. In 1914 they raised 4,000 bushels of wheat and an 
equal proposition of oats, besides large quantities of hogs and cattle 
Mr. Taggart was married in September, 1868, in Olathe township, to 
Miss Mary Susanna Thompson, born in Coulterville, 111., April 19, 1846. 
She is a daughter of Andrew M. and Margaret (Day) Thompson, the 
former a native of Adams county, Ohio, and the latter of Cadis, Ohio. 
The Thompson family removed to Illinois at an early day, and in 1864 
came to Kansas, and located near Lenexa, Johnson county. The father 
bought land from the Shawnee Indians there and followed farming 
throughout the remainder of his life. He served in the Kansas militia 
during the Civil war, and as a result of the border conflict, met with 
considerable property loss. He died in Johnson county, November 9. 
1899, in his seventy-ninth vear. He became one of the prosperous farm- 


ers of Johnson county. His first wife and mother of Mrs. Taggart, died 
in Illinois in 1853. To Mr. and Mrs. Taggart have been born two 
children, Frank Thompson, a farmer of Olathe township, and Mary, 
married Joshua Cantrell, of Olathe. Mr. Taggart is a Republican, and 
has frequently been a delegate to county conventions and has taken 
a keen interest in politics as a citizen but not as a politician. He has 
never aspired to hold political office, but as he expresses it "finds it to 
be more congenial and profitable to attend to his own business." Mrs. 
Taggart is a pioneer school teacher of Johnson county, teaching her 
first school in 1864, and followed that vocation for four years. She is 
a member of the United Presbyterian church and Mr. Taggart is a 

Ralston Walker, a Civil war veteran and one of the extensive business 
property owners of Olathe, has for forty-six years, been a resident of 
that city. Mr. Walker was born in London, England, January 16, 1841, 
and when two years old immigrated to Canada with his parents, George 
and Ruth (Briden) Walker. The father was a farrier or veterinarian, 
and practiced his profession in Montreal, Canada, about two years, when 
he removed, to Auburn, N. Y., and later to Penfield. In 1846 the 
family went to Michigan and located at Coldwater, where the father spent 
the balance of his life. The mother died at St. Joseph, Mich. Ralston 
Walker is the only survivor of a family of eight children. He received 
his education in the public schools of Coldwater, Mich., and when a 
youth learned the. shoemaker's trade, and for a number of years worked 
at his trade at various places in Ohio, Indiana and Michigan, but like 
thousands of other young men of the early sixties, his industrial career 
was interrupted by the call to arms, when the signal gun was fired at 
Fort Sumpter. When the war broke out, he was a member of a military 
organization known as the "Coldwater Zouaves." At the President's 
first call for troops, the "Zouaves" volunteeered, and were mustered into 
the United States service as Company C, First regiment, Michigan infan- 
try. They were sent directly to Washington, D. C, and from there to 
Alexander, Va. They participated in the first battle of Bull Run and 
Mr. Walker's active field service was cut short in that engagement. The 
remainder of his military service was spent in Confederate military pris- 
ons. He was one of nearly a whole regiment who were cut off from 
the main command and taken prisoners. He was confined in various 
Confederate prisons including the Ross warehouse, Richmond, Charles- 
ton, N. C, Columbus, S. C, Belle Island and Libby. While a prisoner 
of war he never ceased planning a way to escape, and on two occasions 
he succeeded in getting away by methods which demonstrated the cour- 
age of the daring soldier boy, as well as unusual resourcefulness. He 
never could reconcile himself to prison life contentment. While con- 
fined in the Ross warehouse, he took a chance and walked between the 
guards whose backs were turned for the moment and succeeded in 


making his escape for the time in the dark, and several hours later while 
feeling his way along the river bank in search of a boat with which to 
make good his escape, he ran into a guard and was returned to prison. 
His second attempt to free himself from Southern prisons was at Colum- 
bus, S. C. He and two comrades, George Drury and John Smails, 
after days of patient toil and carefully laid plans, well executed, suc- 
ceeded in making their way out of prison. They dug a tunnel about 
twenty feet long, from a small shed where they were quartered, to liberty 
outside of the prison stockade. They did their digging during the 
nights. When everything" was quiet, in the stillness and darkness of 
night, they proceeded to take up a board in the floor, and carry the 
dirt back from the excavation in a tin can. One of their greatest ob- 
stacles was to conceal the dirt, but they succeeded in accomplishing 
this successfully. After a week their tunnel was completed, and they 
selected the opportune time to escape, one dark, rainy night, and their 
plans worked to perfection. At dawn, the next day, they were safely 
hid in the country, quite a distance from the prison walls. They con- 
tinued to travel by night and hide by day, gradually making their way 
through the enemy's country, toward the friendly lines of blue. They 
secured food from negroes along the way, and slept in the brush in 
the day time. After being out about two weeks, and having traveled a 
distance of about 140 miles, they were discovered one morning, near 
Unionville, S. C, while hiding in the brush, preparatory to crossing the 
river that night. Soon after being discovered they were captured and 
shortly after sent to Bell Island prison and from there to Libby. The 
capture of the three Yankees was a sensational affair that morning near 
Unionville. When their presence was detected, the first move was to 
get all the dogs in the vicinity after them, and, as a matter of self- 
preservation, the three soldier boys were not long in getting out of the 
dog's reach, by climbing trees, where they quietly remained until the 
dogs were called off and the "Yanks" were invited to "come down the 
trees," by their newly found captors. Shortly after being returned to 
prison, Mr. Walker was paroled and returned to Washington where 
he was discharged from the service, May 20, 1862. He then returned to 
his Michigan home, and worked at his trade in various places until 1869, 
when he came to Kansas, locating in Olathe. He came from Kansas 
City to Olathe on the second train which was run to the latter town 
when the railroad was completed to that point. Here he followed his 
trade for a number of years, and, by close application to business and 
judicious investments, has accumulated a handsome competence. Since 
1900, Mr. Walker has devoted himself to looking after his interests. He 
is one of the most extensive business property owners in the city of 
Olathe, owning eight stores, which occupy the middle of the block fac- 
ing the public square on the south side of the court house. He is a 
stock holder and a director in the Olathe Electric Light and Power Com- 


pany, and one of the progressive and public-spirited citizens of John- 
son county. He is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, Frank- 
lin Post, No. 68. 

Benjamin F. Hollenback, postmaster at Shawnee, is a real Johnson 
county pioneer, and has been postmaster at Shawnee since 1867, with the 
exception of Grover Cleveland's administrations. Mr. Hollenback was 
born in Kendall county, Illinois, March 4, 1836. His parents were 
Thomas and Susan (Darnell) Hollenback, the former a native of Ohio 
and the latter of South Carolina. Thomas Hollenback was a son of 
Clark Hollenback, of Ohio, and he immigrated to Illinois in 1831. He 
was a noted pioneer, plainsman and Indian fighter and served in the 
Black Hawk war. He went from Illinois to Missouri ; he was a strong 
Union man and was driven out of Missouri on account of his political 
sentiments, by the bushwhackers, and in 1861, came to Kansas and 
located in Johnson county, where he remained about a year, when he 
went to Hillsdale, Miami county, where he was engaged in the mercan- 
tile business for a number of years. He died at Atchison, in 1879, aged 
sixty-six years. Thomas and Susan (Darnell) Hollenback were the par- 
ents of the following children : Clark, died in Elk county, Kansas, June 
18, 1913; Benjamin, the subject of this sketch; Thomas, died -in Miami 
county, in 1875; George, resides in Montana; Martha Tarrant, Kansas 
City; Mary, deceased; Clara, deceased; Helen, deceased, and Sarah, 
deceased. Benjamin F. Hollenback made the trip across the plains and 
over the mountains from Illinois to California in 1848. He went with 
an outfit that was made up of forty families, and they made the trip with 
ox-teams and wagons and were six months en route. They settled at 
Santa Cruz, Calif. Mr. Hollenback remained there about three years, 
when he returned to Illinois and remained in that State until 1855, when 
the family removed to Missouri. When the Civil war broke out, Ben- 
jamin F. and his brother, Clark, enlisted, August 16, 1862, in the 
Twelfth regiment, Kansas infantry, and served until the close of the 
war. He was at the battle of Big Blue and Westport, Mine creek, 
Shiloh and Newtonia, and during the war his regiment operated along 
the border between Kansas and Missouri and Arkansas and Indian 
Territory. He was in the campaign against General Price, and many 
others. At the close of the war he was discharged at Fort Leavenworth, 
Kan. He then returned to Shawnee and engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness with a partner ; this was the first store opened in Shawnee after 
the war. After doing business for about a year, Mr. Hollenback bought 
his partner out and conducted the business until 1906. Mr. Hollen- 
back is one of the extensive land owners of Johnson county, owning 425 
acres of very valuable land in this county, besides forty acres in Wyan- 
dotte county. His career has been a success and he is one of the well- 
to-do men of Johnson county. He was married in August, 1854, to Miss 
Catherine E. Brown, a native of Indiana, born in August, 1836, and the 



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following children were born to that union: Frank, Olathe ; Funandie 
Douglas, Florence, Kan.; Charles R., died in 1905; Benjamin, died in 
Chicago, in 1903; Willard P., died in Kansas City, in 1902; Phoebe B., 
died in 1897; Stalla M. Knauber, resides in Shawnee, Kan.; and two 
children died in infancy. Mr. Hollenback is a Republican and in the 
early days took an active part in politics. He has served as township 
treasurer for several terms and was elected county judge in 1868. He 
is a member of the Mason lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
Shawnee Lodge, No. 54, and belongs to the Olathe Chapter, No. 19. He 
was made a Mason in 1867. He is a member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, Captain Ames Post, Shawnee, Kan. Mr. Hollenback has an 
extensive acquaintance over Johnson county and is one of the grand old 
men who has performed his part nobly and well. He belongs to that 
army of pioneers whose courage knew r no bounds in the fifties and who 
laid the foundation of the great West for the present and future genera- 
tions to build upon. 

Ed Blair, the editor of this work, who, by the way, is not the writer 
of this biography — but merely the subject, is a Kansas product as well as 
a Kansas poet and author. Kansas was admitted to the Union. January 
29, 1 861, at Washington, D. C, and Ed. Blair was admitted to Kansas, 
January I, 1863, near Fort Scott, Bourbon county. Therefore the State 
is about two years older than the poet, and it looks even more than 
that. Like most other poets worth while, Ed. Blair was born with a nat- 
ural gift of verse writing, and has been writing poetry since he was 
a mere boy, and thousands of readers, not only in Kansas, but in every 
State in the Union, have been reading the product of the pen of this 
"James Whitcomb Riley of Kansas" for more than a quarter of a century. 
Mr. Blair's works have been published broadcast, and critics and press 
have made many favorable comments on his writing. The Fort Scott 
"Tribune" says : "No truer to human hearts sang Robert Burns of his 
highland and murmuring streams, or Riley of his quaint neighbors in 
Indiana than does our Kansas bard of Kansas. He employs no satire nor 
does he dip into the depths of Byronic gloom, but as the bard sings, so 
sings his gentle muse. There is no wild love passion sweeping the 
string of his harp, but clear, perfect song of our everyday life, quaint in 
the imagery of his thoughts, yet they are the thoughts of our better 
moments." The Topeka "Capital" estimates Mr. Blair's writings as 
follows: "Kansas boasts of a number of men who can write good Sun- 
flower Verse, but none of these can do it more entertainingly than Ed. 
Blair." Commenting on Blair's "Bound for Kansas" Tom McNeal says 
in the "Mail and Breeze:" "It at once caught the ear of the public and 
was republished not alone in Kansas papers, but appeared in the leading 
papers of the country, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. As writer of dia- 
lect verse, we consider him the equal of James Whitcomb Riley." Mr. 
Blair has written for various publications for years, and while his career 


has been a strenuous business one he has always found time to write. 
For years he wrote for relaxation and recreation, but never neglected his 
business. But he is now devoting himself exclusively to literary work 
and writes for a great many newspapers besides much special work to 
which he is devoting his time. In 1901 he published a volume entitled 
"Kansas Zephyrs" which had an extensive sale, and in 1914, he pub- 
lished another, "Sunflower Siftings," which was received still better by 
the public and the demand has been very satisfactory. Perhaps the 
greatest field of Mr. Blair's success is on the platform, in which he 
gives readings of his own poems, delineating the quaint humor shown 
in his verse so much appreciated by the public. Mr. Blair appears on the 
stage with ease and grace, and has a very pleasing delivery and an 
original way of getting his audience to grasp the spirit and humor of 
his theme. His peculiar style of verse, which gives the fullest expression 
to his quaint wit and humor, places him in that class of poet-humorists 
who make the world forget its hardheartedness and smile. Such a mis- 
sion in life seems more commendable than to be a captain- of industry, 
and fix the price of grease or wreck a railroad instead of a train. Ed. 
Blair's parents, James and Mary (Snoots) Blair, were Kansas pioneers, 
the father was a native of Guernsey county, Ohio, born December 17, 
1832, of Scotch-Irish descent. Mary Snoots was a native of Virginia. 
They were married in Ohio and came to Kansas in 1857, by boat down 
the Ohio river and up the Mississippi and Missouri to Westport. They 
drove from there to Fort Scott, and the father bought a "Squatters' 
Right" to 160 acres of land, four miles north and two miles west of Fort 
Scott, for $75.00. He was a blacksmith and built a shop on his place and 
followed blacksmithing and farming there until the time of his death, in 
August, 1905, at the age of seventy-two. He was one of the first black- 
smiths in that section of the State and lived through all the uncertain- 
ties of the pioneer days, and the dangerous and disagreeable features of 
the border war. He was a Free State man and served in the Kansas 
State militia. He participated in the battles of Mine creek and Big 
Blue. His wife preceded him in death about four years. She died in 
1901, aged seventy-two. They were the parents of eight children as fol- 
lows : Addison, died in infancy; Loretta, died in infancy; Nixon, resides 
at Hubbard, Ore. ; Lizzie, married Lincoln Hiatt, Vancouver, Wash. ; 
Ed., the subject of this sketch; Ira, died in 1909, at the age of forty-two; 
Elmer, died in infancy; and John, resides at Portland, Ore. Ed. Blair 
was educated in the public schools and the Fort Scott Normal School and 
when seventeen years old began teaching in the public schools at Bour- 
bon county and followed that vocation for three years. He then began 
clerking for the Grange at Cadmus, Kan., and became its manager Janu- 
ary 1, 1886, and remained in that capacity until 1903, or over seventeen 
years, when he resigned to accept the management of the Spring Hill 
Cooperative Association Store, remaining there until May 1, 1914, when 


he resigned that position to accept a like position with the Johnson 
county Cooperative Association at Olathe. He resigned from that posi- 
tion March 1, 1915, and has since devoted himself to literary and news- 
paper work and the lecture platform. Mr. Blair was united in marriage 
September 2, 1885, at Fort Scott, Kan., to Miss Lula A. Hiatt, a native 
of Winchester, Ind., born September 29, 1863. She is a daughter of James 
M. and Mary (Kemp) Hiatt. The Hiatt family came to Kansas in 1864, 
and settled in Bourbon county, about four miles from Fort Scott, where 
the father followed farming throughout his life. He was accidentally 
killed by the breaking of an emery wheel and his widow now resides in 
Kansas City, Kan. Mrs. Blair was about four years old when her parents 
came to Kansas, and she was reared in Bourbon county, and received a 
good public school education, and was a successful teacher in Bourbon 
county for a number of years prior to her marriage. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Blair have been born two children, Streeter E., born July 16, 1888, gradu- 
ated from the Spring Hill High School, then entered Kansas University, 
where he was graduated in the class of 191 1 with the degree of Bachelor 
or Arts. He was then principal of the Sabetha public schools for two 
years and held a similar position at Junction City one year, and is now 
eng-ased in the mercantile business at Fort Scott, Kan. He married Ca- 
mille Hook, of Sabetha, Kan., and they have one child, Betsy. Mr. 
and Mrs. Blair's youngest child, Mary Fay, is a graduate of the Spring 
Hill High School and Kansas University. She has given special atten- 
tion to music and languages and is now engaged in teaching. 

Maj. John B. Bruner, of Olathe Kan., is a Civil war veteran, and 
one of the leading citizens of Johnson county. Major Bruner is a native 
of the Keystone State. He was born in Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, 
July 29, 1837, and is a son of Abraham and Isabelle (Cole) Bruner, 
both natives of Pennsylvania, the former of German and the latter of 
Scotch-Irish descent. They both spent their lives in Pennsylvania and 
died at Lock Haven, Clinton county. Major Bruner received his edu- 
cation in the public schools and Muncy Seminary at Muncy, Pa., and 
spent his boyhood days on the farm, but in early life learned the watch- 
maker and jeweler's trade. In 1857, he came west, locating at Havana, 
111. In the spring of i860, he got the "gold fever" which was epidemic 
in the middle AYest and went to Pike's Peak, Colo. He drove over the 
old California trail and found lots of Indians along the way. He says 
Indians were "plentiful but peaceful." He took a claim near Georgetown, 
Colo., and worked it about a year, when he returned to Illinois. The 
Civil war broke out while he was in Colorado and he returned to his 
Illinois home, determined to enlist and arrived at his home just in time 
to attend the funeral of his older brother who was killed in the service, 
and on December 18, 1861, Major Bruner enlisted in Fulton county, 
Illinois, to serve three years or during the war. He was mustered into 
the United States service at Bloomington, 111., January 28, 1862, as sec- 


Hastings. He was a Mormon agent, sent into California to seek an eligible 
site for the location of a colony of Mormons. He chose this point, at the 
head of Suisun Bay, and near the junction of the two great rivers of the 
country — Sacramento and San Joaquin — and laid out a town site. Owing 
to the fact that there was no timber land conveniently located, the Mormons 
refused to settle there. Bayard Taylor, in his "Eldorado," mentions the 
"Montezuma House," as it has always been called, *as "the city of Monte- 
zuma, a solitary house, on a sort of headland, projecting into Suisun Bay, 
and fronting its rival three-house city, New-York-of-the-Paciflc." Hastings 
established a ferry between the site now occupied by Collinsville, and the 
Contra Costa side of the bay, for the accommodation of travelers passing 
either way. This was probably the first ferry ever established on the Sac- 
ramento or San Joaquin rivers. Hastings remained at this place about 
three years, but when ~ the gold-excitement broke out he went into the 
mines. In the winter of 1853, L. P. Marshall and his sons John and C. K., 
arrived from the States with a band of cattle. In passing down the Sac- 
ramento river they came upon the adobe house built by Hastings, and 
were glad to take shelter in it from the storms. The house was in a very 
dilapidated condition, but was easily repaired, and served well the purpose, 
of a shelter. In and about the house they found numerous appliances for 
the manufacture of counterfeit coin, such as crucibles, dies, copper, etc. It 
is supposed that a band of counterfeiters had found the place deserted, and 
taken possion of it. It is possible, however, that Hastings had used them 
in coining money to be used by the Mormons when they arrived. Hastings 
had a sqatter's claim to the premises, which was bought by John Marshall 
for his father (the latter being at the time absent from the State) who gave, 
as a consideration, two mules and six head of cattle, all valued at $1,000 
The second house built in the township was a frame-building, erected by 
F. 0. Townsend, in 1853. It was located on what is now known as the 
Kirby farm. Lucco laid claim to all the land in this and Denverton town- 
ship as a Spanish grant, but he failed in establishing his claim, and in 1855 
the land was declared to be Government land, and open for pre-emption. 

Collinsville: — Collinsville is the only town in the township ; it is a ship- 
ping port on the Sacramento river, just at the de bouchure of that stream. 
In 1859, C. J. Collins pre-empted the land where the town now stands. In 
1861, he surveyed a town plat and built a wharf and store ; previous to 
this time the steamers, which plied the Sacramento river, had never stopped 
at this point. The embryotic town was christened for its projector — Col- 
linsville. Some time during the same year a post office was established 
here, and Geo. W. Miller was appointed the first Postmaster. In 1867, Mr. 
Collins sold his property to S. C. Bradshaw, and he changed the name of the 
place to Newport. The old Calif ornians well remember Newport and the 


enterprise displayed by its proprietor in the disposition of town lots, and, 
perhaps, a few at the East have cause to remember him also ; huge maps of 
an extensive town plat were placed into the hands of agents, who visited 
all the principal Eastern cities, and sold and resold lots covering all the 
swamp land in that section ; excursions were gotten up in San Francisco, 
and a person paid a certain amount ($10, we think) for a round trip ticket, 
which included a claim to a town lot in the flourishing (on paper) town of 
Newport. At the end of about five years, the property again changed 
hands, E. I. Upham becoming the owner ; he changed the name back to the 
original, and so it continues to this day. Mr. Upham is an energetic man, 
and he has made quite a business and shipping point out of the town ; two 
lines of steamers stop there, going each way, daily ; it is connected with the 
outside world by the Montezuma telegraph. 

Schools and Churches: — There is only one school house in the township ; 
this one is situated near the town of Collinsville ; strange to note, there is 
not a church in the township. Here is a broad and fertile field for some 
zealous missionary. 

It is also the chief salmon fishing ground in California, and large num- 
bers are shipped daily to San Francisco. At certain seasons of the year there 
are vast numbers canned for export to various parts of the world. 

The village has two hotels, three saloons, billiards, etc., two stores, post- 
office, telegraph office, and an agency of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express. 

The first salmon canning establishment in California was erected here by 
A. Booth & Co., who afterwards discontinued and was succeeded by E. Cor- 
ville & Co. who have carried on the business for two years. Other canneries 
have since been erected and are now conducted by the Sacramento River 
Packing Co. 


smith in that town. He was also engaged in the grain, lumber and 
coal business there for a number of years, and for a time was in part- 
nership with E. R. Gooding, under the firm name of Gooding & Hunt, 
but later Mr. Hunt bought his partner's interest and conducted that 
branch of his business alone, until he sold the business to Hodges Broth- 
ers in 1897, and since that time has been interested in farming and, in 
fact, has been since coming to Kansas. He has acquired considerable 
land and now owns several farms, which aggregate about 500 acres. 
For a number of years he was a large cattle feeder and was successful 
in that business, but for the last ten or twelve years has rented most of 
his land and resided in Olathe, where he has a beautiful residence at 
No. 536 East Park Street. Mr. Hunt was married August 1, 1878, to 
Miss Mary J. Capperrune, of Bureau county, Illinois. She died May 2, 
1907, and on October 31, 1912, Mr. Hunt was married to Mrs. Blanche 
H. (Buxton) Barnes, of Olathe. Mr. Hunt is a member of the Grange 
and for years has been active in that organization. He was State sec- 
retary of the Grange for three years and is a stockholder in the Grange 
store at Olathe. He has been a director in the Patrons Bank at Olathe, 
and has been president of that institution. He is also an active mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic, Franklin Post, No. 68. He is 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church and is one of the progres- 
sive and public-spirited men of Johnson county, and has been an impor- 
tant factor in the affairs of this part of the State for years. 

W. J. McClintock, a successful farmer and Civil war veteran, now liv- 
ing retired at Gardner, is a descendant of the hardy Scotch-Irish race that 
has made its imprint on American history. W. J. McClintock was born 
in Pennsylvania in 1838, and is a son of Ralph and Nancy (Monroe) 
McClintock, both natives of Pennsylvania, whose ancestors were Scotch- 
Irish and settled in that State at an early day. The McClintock family 
left the Keystone State and came west, settling in Illinois in 1854. At 
that time the present great State of Illinois was a vast unbroken plain, 
sparcely settled and in the embryo of its development. Here W. J. Mc- 
Clintock grew to manhood, and lived an uneventful career until the 
Civil war broke out. When President Lincoln called for volunteers to 
defend the Union he was one of the first to respond, enlisting Septem- 
ber 20, 1861, in the Thirty-third regiment, Illinois infantry. He was 
with his regiment while guarding the Iron Mountain railroad, from 
St. Louis to Pilot Knob, and was at the battle of Big River bridge. 
They then marched to Batesville, Ark., to join General Curtis after the 
battle of Pea Ridge, and then marched down the White river to Helena, 
Ark., and returned to Missouri, and was engaged in scout duty during 
the winter. They were then in a number of campaigns in Missouri, 
and were at the siege of Vicksburg afterwards. They were then trans- 
ferred to General Bank's division and sent on the Red River expedition, 
the distrastrous ending of which is well known. They then spent some 


time near New Orleans, and participated in the siege of Mobile, and 
were then ordered back to Vicksburg where they spent several months 
before the war closed. After the surrender of Lee they returned to 
Illinois and were mustered out and discharged at Camp Butler. Mr. 
McClintock returned to his old home at Illinois and after a few 
months engaged in the merchantile business at Bushnell, 111., where he 
remained until 1867. In 1868 he came to Kansas, locating in Gardner 
township, Johnson county, where he bought 160 acres of land and en- 
gaged in farming. He reclaimed this land from the wild state and 
brought it up to a high state of cultivation, until it was one of the finest 
farms in the county, made so by the industry of Mr. Clintock. In his 
active days he was one of the most progressive farmers of the county 
and made money and prospered. In 191 1 he sold his farm and removed 
to Gardner where he has since enjoyed the peace and quiet of retired life. 
Mr. McClintock was united in marriage at Sheffield, 111., in 1866, to 
Miss Mary A. Bell. She was a native of England, born near Bristol, 
in 1837, ar, d came to America with her widowed mother who located 
in Canada, and later removed to St. Louis. Three children were born 
to Mr. and Mrs. McClintock as follows : William, resides at Ottawa, 
Kan. ; Agnes, who lives in Gardner, and Ralph, engaged in the real 
estate business in Chicago. The wife and mother died in 1908. Mr. 
McClintock is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic and belongs 
to the Masonic lodge. He is a Methodist, and has been a life-long 
Republican, casting his first vote for Lincoln. In recent years he has 
been inclined to take the position with the Progressive wing of his 

Jewett Stephenson, among the largest land owners of Johnson county, 
is now living at Gardner, practically retired, after a successful business 
career. Mr. Stephenson was born in Washington county, Ohio, Novem- 
ber 29, 1846. He is a son of John and Louisa (Gray) Stephenson, both 
natives of the Old Dominion, who were born and reared beneath the 
shadows of the Blue Ridge mountains. John Stephenson and Louisa 
Gray were married in Ohio and became the parents of seven children, 
of whom Jewett was the youngest. He spent his early life in his native 
State, and in 1880 came to Johnson county, Kansas, to visit a brother 
who resided in Spring Hill township. This section of the country 
impressed him very favorably, and after spending a few months here, 
he returned to Ohio and disposed of his interests there and the following 
year returned to Kansas and engaged in the livery business at Spring 
Hill. He conducted this business about eighteen months when he 
traded it for twenty acres of land in Gardner township. He bought 
more land from time to time, until now he owns 480 acres. Mr. Stephen- 
son has been an extensive farmer and stock raiser, and has been one of 
the leading producers of blue grass in the county. He has always been 
a successful trader and dealer, and has made a great deal of money in 


land transactions and speculation of that character. At one time he 
owned over 700 acres of land in Johnson county for speculative pur- 
poses. His natural trait as a speculator manifested itself in his 
early life. During the Civil war he and his brother bought a great many 
horses, which they sold to the Government and cleared up a great deal 
of money in this way. Mr. Stephenson was married February 27, 1893, 
to Miss Carrie Kauf, a native of Pennsylvania. Her parents were Dan- 
iel and Caroline Kauf, both Pennsylvanians, who moved to Ohio and 
spent their lives in that State. Mr. Stephenson is one of the prosperous 
and substantial men of Johnson county. He is a member of the Grange 
and, although reared a Republican, he is inclined to be independent in 
his political views. 

A. J. Foster, a Civil war veteran and Johnson county pioneer, now liv- 
ing retired at Gardner, has had a varied and interesting career. Mr. Fos- 
teris a native of Michigan, born in January, 1837, an d is a son of Andrew 
and Rachel (McMichel) Foster, natives of Pennsylvania and of Scotch- 
Irish descent. Andrew Foster was born in 1790, and was a soldier in the 
War of 1812; he was a son of Andrew Foster, who was also a Pennsyl- 
vanian, born at Hanover, in 1751, and died in 1817. He served in the 
Revolutionary war in Capt. David McQueen's company which was a part 
of the Seventh battalion, Lancaster county militia. Andrew Foster, 
father of A. J., subject of this sketch, removed from Pennsylvania to Ohio 
with his wife and one child, and about 1832 they went from Ohio to 
Michigan where the parents spent their lives. They reared nine children. 
A. J. Foster received a good education in the common schools and stud- 
ied surveying when a boy, and when about sixteen years old joined a 
surveying party that was surveying in the Lake Superior region. Dur- 
ing the years 1855-56 he helped survey a line from the head of Lake 
Superior to Hudson, Wis., and also did the preliminary survey work on 
the St. Croix and Lake Superior railroad. In August, 1856, he returned 
to his old home to visit. While returning he was accompanied by his 
sister, who was a school teacher and was on her way to Superior, Wis., 
where she had been engaged to teach. Something went wrong with the 
rudder of the vessel at 2 a. m,., October 28, 1856, and they went ashore, 
smashing the vessel on the rocks and his sister, Margaret, and thirty 
or forty other women were lost, and Mr. Foster was among the res- 
cued. The vessel was broken in two, and soon dashed to pieces and the 
only wonder is that any of the 120 passengers on board escaped. After 
being rescued the party reached Grand Island and found shelter in the 
light house there, but not until they were nearly exhausted from ex- 
posure. All of the survivors had their feet frozen and many never recov- 
ered from the effect of the shock and exposure. The passengers were fi- 
nally taken to Detroit by a vessel sent to their rescue and, there, they 
were fitted out with comfortable clothing, etc. Mr. Foster then re- 
turned home and that winter taught school in Michigan, remaining in 


that State until the Civil war broke out, when he enlisted in Company 
L, Second regiment, Michigan cavalry. Mr. Foster was commissioned 
first lieutenant. Their first colonel was Col. Gordon Granger and upon 
his promotion Phil Sheridan became colonel of the regiment. They were 
first sent to St. Louis, and later were in the siege of New Madrid; battle 
of Pittsburgh Landing and from there to Shiloh. They were then 
on the campaign against General Beauregard, and after driving him out 
of Corinth, operated in northern Mississippi, in the summer of 1862, and 
in the fall of that year they were transferred to northern Kentucky and 
then across the river to Cincinnati to intercept Morgan in his raid 
through southern Ohio. In April, 1863, Lieutenant Foster resigned on 
account of disability and returned to Michigan and engaged in the saw- 
mill business. About a year later he went to Flkhart, Inch, where he 
engaged in the manufacture of staves. In 1866 he disposed of his busi- 
ness there and went to Missouri where he was engaged in the hard- 
ware business for three years. He then returned to northern Indiana 
where he engaged in farming, and while there took a prominent part 
in local affairs and was elected county surveyor of St. Joseph county,' 
Indiana, and later served two terms as county superintendent of that 
county and was the first county superintendent of St. Joseph county. 
In 1871, he entered the employ of the McCormick Harvesting Machine 
Company as salesman, and was soon made general agent for that com- 
pany at St. Joseph, Mo., and served in that capacity two or three years 
when he came to Johnson county and located on a farm in Gardner town- 
ship, which he had bought in 1871. This was in 1879. He remained with 
the machine company for a few years after settling on his farm here, but 
made his home in Johnson county. He is now extensively interested in 
Oklahoma land. Mr. Foster was married in 1859, to Miss Jane H. Bacon, 
a daughter of William and Elizabeth (Van Namee) Bacon, natives of 
New York and of Holland-Dutch descent. To Mr. and Mrs. Foster have 
been born the following children: Herman B., born in 1859, died in 191 1 ; 
William A., born in 1862, lawyer, Omaha, Neb. ; Florence, born in 
1866, resides in Omaha, Neb.; Nathaniel T., born in 1875, resides in Dex- 
ter, Kan., and Rachael, born in 1879, a teacher in the State School for the 
Deaf at Olathe. Nathaniel T. is a veteran of the Spanish-American 
war and served in the Twentieth Kansas regiment, of which he was a 
color-sergeant. A. J. Foster is a member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public and is a Thirty-second degree Mason, and has been a Mason for 
fifty-seven years. He has been a life-long Democrat but voted for Lin- 
coln in 1864. 

John Andrew Pearce, a prominent farmer of Gardner, is a well known 
Johnson county pioneer. He has spent fifty-eight useful years of his life 
in Johnson county. In fact, he practically began with Johnson county, 
and has stayed with it ever since the beginning. Men of this type, who 
can look back over the plains of Kansas, and see conditions as they were 


sixty years ago, are becoming fewer as the years come and go. 
When Mr. Pearce came to Kansas it was just plain prairie as far as 
the eye could see, and then more prairie as far as the imagination could 
see, but all this is changed and it seems incredible that such a change 
could be brought about within the lifetime and observation of one man. 
Mr. Pearce is a native of Indiana, born in Boone county, August 10, 
1836, and is a son of John S. and Jane (Coad) Pearce, natives of Eng r 
land, the former born in 1800 and the latter in 1804. John S. Pearce came 
to America about 1820, but returned to the mother country, where he was 
married and brought his bride to America, first locating in Baltimore, 
Md. He went from there to Harpers Ferry and shortly afterwards 
removed to Thorntown, Ind. There were still some Indians in Indiana 
when he went there. He built one of the first grist mills which was oper- 
ated by water power at Thorntown. He operated this mill for a number 
of years and later came to Kansas, where he died. His wife died in 
Thorntown and her remains rest in the Thorntown cemetery. To John 
S. and Jane (Coad) Pearce were born the following children: Eliza Jane,, 
deceased; Emily, deceased; Catherine De Vore, Bushnell; Elizabeth 
Northrup, Iola, Kan. ; Thomas E., Edgerton, Kan., and John Andrew, the 
subject of this sketch. In 1848, John A. Pearce and all the other mem- 
bers of the family, except one married daughter, started from Thorn- 
town, Ind., with two prairie schooners and journeyed to McDonough 
county, Illinois. That section of Illinois was then a wild and unbroken 
country and very sparsely settled. It was twelve miles across the 
prairie to the nearest neighbor. All kinds of game were plentiful, and 
deer roamed over the plains in herds of hundreds. The Pearces took up 
a claim here and in 1857, John Andrew left Illinois and came to Kansas,, 
and his brother and brother-in-law, Thornton, came to Kansas shortly 
afterwards. John A. Pearce preempted 160 acres south of Gardner in 
Gardner township, in 1858, and proved up on his claim and his land 
patent is still in his possession, as well as the land, and bears the signa- 
ture of President James Buchanan. In i860, Mr. Pearce had an attack 
of "gold fever," and he joined a party of gold seekers and started on a 
"Pike's Peak or bust" expedition. The party consisted of sixty-five 
people and their train was made up of twenty-five wagons. Indians 
along the way were hostile at that time, but this party experienced no 
great difficulty with the "noble red men." On one occasion, during the 
trip along the Arkansas river, they were interviewed by an Indian who 
approached the train of emigrants and told the party that his chief 
must have sugar and bacon. The captain sent word to the chief that he 
had no sugar, nor bacon, but that he had plenty of bullets, and they 
were not bothered any more by Indians. Mr. Pearce remained in the 
.Pike's Peak district from June until August when he returned to John- 
son county. He then began to improve his farm and followed farming 
and stock raising until 1900. He bought additional land until he now 
owns over 350 acres. In 1913 he bought a house and lot in Gardner* 


where he now resides. He is a stockholder in the Gardner State 
Bank and is one of the well-to-do men of Johnson county. Mr. 
Pearce was married March 16, 1865, to Miss Phoebe Llanson, a native 
of Ohio, born April 21, 1845. She is a daughter of Manoah and Milli- 
cent (Way) Hanson, natives of Ohio. The father died in 1855 in Ohio 
and in 1863 the mother and two children came to Kansas and settled at 
Gardner. The two children were Lovica Stanton, Rogers, Ark., and 
Phoebe Pearce. To Mr. and Mrs. Pearce have been born the following 
children : Effie Simcox, Kansas City, Mo., and she has three children, 
Edna, Frances and Harold ; Maud Weeks, Kansas City, Mo., is the 
mother of three children ; Minnie married R. J. Stockmyer, Bonner 
Springs, Kan., and they have three children, John, Robert and Jean; 
Frank Pearce, resides on the home place, married Miss Cloe McKaughn, 
and has two children, Leo and Arthur; Harry, resides at Salinas, Cal., 
married Anna Todd; W. R., is a jeweler, married Ella Sheean and has 
two children, Dennis and Morene. Mr. Pearce is a Progressive and a 
member of the Grange. His wife and children are members of the 
Presbyterian church. The Pearce family are well known in Johnson 
county and prominent in the community. 

John Strongman, a Johnson county pioneer and successful farmer of 
Gardner township, is a native of the mother country. He was born in 
Cornwall, England, in 1851, and is a son of Luke and Mary Ann (Grieve) 
Strongman. The father was an English farmer and both he and his 
wife spent their lives in Cornwall. England. John Strongman was 
reared on his father's farm and when a youth learned the miller's trade. 
All the years throughout his boyhood, his aim and ambition was to 
come to America, and just as soon as he reached his majority he pro- 
ceeded to realize the dream of his boyhood, and accordingly embarked 
for America on the "Montreal," and after a voyage of thirteen days on 
the Atlantic, reached New York. He immediately went to London. 
Ontario, where he remained until the following September, and worked 
in a brick yard. In September, 1872, he came to the States, locating in 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, and here worked at his trade in a grist 
mill for a time. In 1873 he went to Wayne county, Pennsylvania, and 
worked at odd jobs until 1876, when he came to Kansas. He reached 
Johnson county with a working capital of six cents, and after remain- 
ing a few weeks in Johnson county he went as far west as Wichita, but 
that country did not look as good to him as Johnson county, so he re- 
turned to Johnson county with his six cents still in his possession. He 
found work and in about six weeks was able to send for his wife, whom 
he had left in Pennsylvania. He worked at whatever he could find to do 
that winter, and the following spring got a team and a few farming 
implements and rented a farm of 160 acres, in partnership with his uncle. 
He met with a reasonable degree of success from the start and four 
years later, or in 1881, he bought an eighty acre farm, which he still 


owns. This was the beginning of his real success, and since that time 
he has been successfully engaged in farming and stockraising. He has 
fed stock, including cattle, hogs and horses, quite extensively and has 
prospered, and today is one of the well-to-do farmers of the county. 
Mr. Strongman was united in marriage in 1872 to Miss Elizabeth Jane 
Pill, a daughter of Edward and Jane Pill, and a native of Cornwall, 
England. Her parents never came to this country, but spent their lives 
in Cornwall. England. Mr. and Mrs. Strongman have no children. He 
is a Republican and he and his wife are members of the Baptist church. 

W. J. Wilson, now deceased, was a Johnson county pioneer and a 
Civil war veteran, and for many years was an honored resident of Gard- 
ner. Mr. Wilson was born in Washington county, Ohio, September 12, 
1843, an d was a son of Joseph and Sidney (Cottell) Wilson, natives of 
Ohio. The Wilson family came west in 1859, an d took up a claim in 
Johnson county. They were well-to-do and prosperous, for those times, 
in a new country. They were much better off than their less fortunate 
neighbors. The parents spent their lives in Johnson county and both 
died and are buried here. They were the parents of five children of 
whom W. J., whose name introduces this sketch, was the oldest. He 
was a lad ten years of age when the family settled in Johnson county, 
and here he grew to manhood on the farm and attended the pioneer 
schools, such as they were. When the Civil war broke out he responded 
to his country's call, and in January, 1862, enlisted in a company of 
Kansas artillery, and served three years, or until the close of the war. 
During his term of service he participated in many important battles, 
and made an unusually good military record. He returned to his John- 
son county home in 1865 and served an apprenticeship at the black- 
smith's trade. He then engaged in the blacksmith business at Gardner, 
where he conducted a shop throughout his life. He died October 30, 
1909. He was a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
The Grand Army of the Republic, and a life-long Republican. He was 
a successful business man and one of the best citizens of Johnson county- 
Mr. Wilson was united in marriage, January 1, 1876, to Miss Elizabeth 
R. Jacks, a daughter of David and Elizabeth Jacks, of Washington 
county, Ohio. The Jacks family came to Kansas in 1866, and settled at 
Olathe, where the father followed blacksmithing. To Mr. and Mrs. AW 
J. Wilson were born five children as follows: Carrie J., teacher, Olathe; 
Elma E., married Edwin Eaton ; Joseph D., Gardner ; Jessie L., married 
F. B. Lyon, Gardner ; and Frank W., dentist, Gardner. 

J. F. Rankin, a prosperous farmer of Gardner township, is a native 
of Missouri, born in 1855. He is a son of D. V. and Nancy F. 
(Caldwell) Rankin, both descendants of colonial ancestors. D. V. 
Rankin was born in Tennessee, in 1828, and was a son of J. M. 
Rankin, who was also a native of Tennessee, born in 1792. He was a 
son of William Rankin, a native of Pennsylvania and one of the pioneers 


of Tennessee, who settled there long- before Tennessee was admitted 
to the Union. J. M. Rankin, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
obtained a good education under disadvantageous circumstances and 
became a surveyor. He was a man of great natural ability. He served 
in the War of 1812, and in 1839 removed from Tennessee, with his 
family, and located in Dade county, Missouri, where he died in 1844. 
D. V. Rankin, his son, the father of J. F., grew to manhood in Missouri 
where he married Nancy F. Caldwell. The Caldwells came from Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee and were of Welch descent. About the time 
D. V. Rankin reached his majority the slavery question was the para- 
mount issue in national politics. He was a decided anti-slavery man, 
and his views on that question incurred the enmity of the majority of 
his Missouri neighbors, which made existence in Missouri so distasteful 
to him that he came to Kansas in 1862, and located in Johnson county 
where he and a brother bought 160 acres of land which he sold a few 
months later and removed to Leavenworth county where they lived 
on rented land until 1866 when they returned to Missouri. They re- 
mained there, however, but a short time when they returned to Spring 
Hill, Johnson county, Kan., and kept store for three years, then moved 
on a farm west of Gardner and later to Gardner, where D. V. Rankin 
and his wife spent the remainder of their lives. He was a man of 
strong convictions and possessed great courage and strong will power. 
He went to California, driving across the plains, during the gold excite- 
ment in 1849, but returned in a short time, and even in his old age 
when gold was discovered in Alaska, it was with much difficulty that 
his family persuaded him not to go there. He was a natural pioneer 
and loved adventure, and to such men the great West owes its devel- 
opment. J. F. Rankin was one of a family of four children. He was 
reared in Missouri and Kansas and has made farming and stockraising 
his principal business. He bought his first quarter section of land in 
1880 and has added to his first purchase, from time to time, and now 
owns 540 acres of fine land in Johnson county. He also owns 160 
acres in Oklahoma, 212 acres in California and 640 acres in Texas, 
and in addition to owning these vast acres, he is interested in various 
other commercial enterprises. He is a director and stockholder in 
the Gardner State Bank and a stockholder in the Farmer's State Bank 
of Gardner and is a director and stockholder in the Edgerton State 
Bank. Mr. Rankin was united in marriage March 1, 188 1, to Miss 
Belle Radcliffe, a native of Missouri, and four children were born to 
this union, as follows: Gertrude, married F. O. Brownson ; Blanche, 
married H. O. Craig; Zada, married I. J. Putman and Mabel, married 
L. M. Miller, of Ottawa. The wife and mother of these children died 
in June, 191 1. On April 20, 1914, Mr. Rankin married Eva McKibben. 
Mr. Rankin has been a member of the Grange for a number of years, 
and he and Mrs. Rankin are members of the Presbyterian church. 


George C. Hayden, who passed to his reward May 23, 1914, was a John- 
son county pioneer, and during his many years of residence in this 
county, by his straightforward and manly methods, built up a reputation 
for which he will long be remembered, as one of the first citizens of 
Miami and Johnson counties. George C. Hayden was a Kentuckian, 
born in Meade county, that State, June 2^, 1832. He was a son of John 
and Mary (Goodrich) Hayden, both natives of Kentucky. John Hay- 
den was the son of Jacob Hayden, a native of Pennsylvania of Scotch- 
Irish descent. Mary Goodrich, John Hayden's mother, was of English 
descent. John Hayden was a physician, and at an early day removed 
with his family from Kentucky to Iowa. He bought land in Van Buren 
county, Iowa, where he reared his family, and where he and his wife 
spent some time. Later they went to Texas where they died. George 
C. Hayden, whose name introduces this sketch, remained at the family 
home in Iowa until 1858 when he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah 
Struble. She was born in Hocking county, Ohio, November 20, 1839, 
a daughter of Jacob and Louisa (Rhinehart) Struble, the former a 
native of Ohio and the latter of Pennsylvania, both of German descent. 
The Struble family removed from Pennsylvania to Iowa when Mrs. Hay- 
den was a young girl. They were neighbors of the Hayden family in 
Iowa, and Mrs. Hayden and her future husband, George C. Hayden, 
were childhood friends during the early pioneer days in Iowa. Shortly 
after their marriage in 1858 George C. Hayden and his wife came to 
Kansas, locating in Miami county where they preempted a claim which 
is still owned by the family. They were just started in life in their new 
home when the Civil war broke out, and George C. Hayden with his 
wife and two children left their Kansas home and went to Fort AVorth, 
Texas. He was a pro-slavery man and a man of decided political con- 
victions, and conscientiously cast his lot with the lost cause. After 
going to Texas he enlisted in the Confederate army and served beneath 
the stars and bars until the war was ended. About 1869 he returned 
to Miami county with his family and followed farming for a number of 
years and prospered. In 1906 he left the farm and removed to Gardner 
where he practically lived in retirement until his death. Mr. Hayden 
was a Democrat and a well known citizen of Johnson county. He had a 
wide acquaintance and many friends. He was a member of the Masonic 
lodge. To George C. Hayden and Sarah E. Struble were born eleven 
children, as follows: Mary L., born December 26, 1857, married G. J. 
Waller; Lillian F., born December 26, i860, married J. J. Williams; 
Georgia, born September 16, 1862, married L. C. Tuggle; Sarah E., born 
February 16, 1866, married C. J. Powell ; Alice J., born August 30, 1868, 
married S. C. Cooper; Dr. John, born February 8, 1870, a prominent 
physician and surgeon in Oklahoma City, Okla. ; Martha E., born April 
21, 1872, married D. J. McDaniel ; Olive M., born December 26, 1874, 
married J. P. Carnes ; Jacob S., born December 30, 1876, Bishop G., born 
July 9, 1880, and Augustus Taylor, born February 4, 1884. Mrs. Hay- 


den is a member of the Order of the Eastern Star, and has a pleasant 
home at Gardner, Kan., where she has many friends and is much loved 
by those who know her best. She is proud to relate that she has twenty- 
seven living" grandchildren and sixteen great-grandchildren. 

W. H. Kelly, a leading business man of Edgerton, and a prominent 
factor in Johnson county, is a member of one of the representative pio- 
neer families of this section of the State. His parents, William E. and 
Catherine Kelly, were natives of Ireland. They were married at Mid- 
dletown, Ohio, in March, 1857, and about that time came west, locating at 
Elmwood, 111. They remained there until 1870 when the family came to 
Kansas and located on a farm in Gardner township. The father was a 
successful farmer and at the time of his death owned 325 acres of land. 
In 1898, the parents left the farm, which is still owned by members of 
the family, and removed to Olathe, where the mother died in 1909, and 
about four months later the father passed away. William E. Kelly and 
his wife were the parents of the following children: William H., the 
subject of this sketch; Mrs. W. D. Hendrix; John D. ; Thomas T. ; Mar- 
tin J.; Rev. Bernard S. ; Mrs. Ella Geer ; Sister Marion; Joseph A.; 
Mrs* J. A. Marshall ; Frank X. ; Charles M. ; Edward E. ; Mrs. William 
Sherr and one who died in infancy. Edward E. and Mrs. Sherr are also 
deceased. W. H. Kelly was born in Peoria county, Illinois, April 25, 
1858, and in February, 1870, came to Johnson county with his parents. 
He remained on the home farm and received a good common school edu- 
cation, and then took a commercial course in Spaulding's Business Col- 
lege at Kansas City, Mo. In 1882 he entered the employ of the Johnson 
County Co-operative Association, where he remained until 1884, when 
he came to Edgerton in the employ of the G. B. Shaw Lumber Company, 
and remained with that concern until 1888. At that time Mr. Kelly and 
W. H. Short purchased the Phoenix Milling Company's mill at Edger- 
ton, and that business was operated under the firm name of Kelly & 
Short until the death of Mr. Short in 1890, when M. J. Kelley, a brother 
of W. H., purchased the W. H. Short interest in the business and it was 
conducted by Kelly Brothers until January, 1907, when the plant was 
destroyed by fire. M. J. Kelly then retired from the business, and W. 
H. rebuilt, and now the business is conducted by him and his son, Ira. 
They are extensive buyers and shippers of grain, field seeds and feed 
of all kinds, and in addition to their well equipped elevator, they operate 
a corn mill and manufacture corn meal, corn chop, graham and whole 
wheat flour, and also do custom feed grinding. They also operate what 
is known among grain men as a shelling and cleaning house. This is 
especially equipped for cleaning grain and shelling corn in "Transit." 
The plan is for shippers to have their wheat and corn cleaned here, be- 
fore shipping it to market and they have a very extensive business of 
that character. During the season of 1914 they cleaned about 100,000 
bushels of grain which was in transit to the market. Mr. Kelly was 
married to Miss Mary Hendrix, who died at Olathe in 1885. In 1887 he 


was married to Miss Margaret I. O'Connell and the following children 
were born to this union : Ira J., who was educated in the public schools 
and St. Mary's College, and is now associated with his father in business. 
Maurine, a graduate of St. Mary's Academy in the class of 1914 and 
Mary W., a senior at that institution. His oldest daughter, Catherine, 
died in 1900, aged eight years ; his youngest daughter, Mildred, died in 
1902, aged one year, and their mother, also the mother of Ira, Maurine 
and Mary, passed away in 1901. In 1907, Mr. Kelly was married to Miss 
Anna M. Shea, of Kansas City, Mo. Mr. Kelly is a Republican and takes 
an active part in local politics and in 1910 was the nominee of his party 
for county treasurer for Johnson county. 

H. L. Henry, a Civil war veteran, and early settler in McCamish 
township, is a native of Illinois. He was born in Ogle county, April 
11, 1845, an d is a son of Samuel and Sarah (Linn) Henry, both natives 
of Concord, Franklin county, Pennsylvania. They left their Pennsyl- 
vania home in 1844 and came west, locating in Ogle county, Illinois. 
These were real pioneer days on the plains of Illinois, and railroads 
were almost unheard of in that State. When they made the trip to that 
State they went by boat as far as Savannah, and drove the rest of the 
way to their new home on the prairie, a distance of about sixty miles. 
The father bought a claim and engaged in farming there until his death, 
in 1880. The mother died the same year. The Henry family consisted of 
seven children, as follows. Dr. William, a physician of Harmon, Lee 
county, Illinois; John, who resides on the old homestead in Ogle county; 
Hester, also resides on the old homestead and is unmarried ; H. L., the 
subject of this sketch; Margaret (deceased) ; Mary Jane, married Milton 
Woolhiser, and resides in Nebraska, and James resides in Ogle county, 
near the old homestead. H. L. Henry attended the public schools and 
remained on the home farm until early in 1865 when he enlisted in Com- 
pany G, Twenty-third regiment, Illinois infantry. He enlisted at Chi- 
cago, and after spending a short time at Camp Fry, was sent to join 
the army of the Potomac, on the James river. He joined his regiment 
four miles from Richmond, Va., and for a time was located at General 
Grant's headquarters at City Point. At the close of the war he was dis- 
charged at Richmond, Va., August 3, 1865, and returned to Chicago, 
where he was paid. He then went to his Ogle county home and 
remained until 1867, when he came to Johnson county and located on a 
claim, four miles northwest of Edgerton, and followed farming until 
1900 when he removed to Edgerton where he has since resided. He 
sold his Johnson county farm, and is now extensively interested in land 
in Kearney county. Mr. Henry was married September 1, 1867, to Miss 
Martha Davis. She was born near Hagerstown, Md., and removed with 
her parents to Ogle county, Illinois, when a child. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry have been born four children, as follows : Walter, Garden City, 
Kan. ; Mary, married Ira Campbell, Garden City, Kan. ; Margaret, mar- 
ried. Frank Stephenson, Gardner City, Kan., and Ray L., in the employ 


of the Union Pacific Railway Company, in Colorado. The wife and 
mother departed this life, April 2, 1905. She was a devout member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, and a conscientious Christian woman 
who lived an exemplary Christian life. Mr. Henry is a Democrat and 
has served as trustee of McCamish township. He is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and one of the substantial citizens of John- 
son county. 

Harrison Lansdown, a Civil war veteran, now retired at Edgerton, 
has been an honored resident of Johnson county for nearly forty years. 
Mr. Lansdown was born in Ohio in 1839, and is a son of N. Lansdown, 
a native of Virginia. Harrison Lansdown was reared to manhood in 
his native State, where he received a good common school education. 
Like the average boy he was engaged in the peaceful pursuits of civil 
life when the country was plunged into the great Civil war. He 
enlisted in Company K, Thirteenth regiment, Ohio infantry, and after 
serving a term of enlistment in that organization, .he reenlisted in Com- 
pany G, Ninety-fifth regiment, Ohio infantry, and served three years 
and six months in all. He participated in the battle of Richmond, Ky., 
Jackson, Miss., Vicksburg, Black River, Spanish Fort, Ala., Fort Blake- 
ly, Ala., Guntown, Miss., besides numerous other engagements of lesser 
importance and skirmishes without number. He was captured at Gun- 
town, Miss., and for a time confined in Andersonville prison. After being 
confined in Andersonville for some time, he was exchanged and returned 
home for a time when he returned to the front and joined his regiment. 
He was a good soldier and made a brilliant military record and was 
honorably discharged and mustered out of service, August 14, 1865. He 
returned to his Ohio home where he remained until 1877. He then 
came to Kansas reaching Johnson county, March 9, 1877. He farmed 
rented land for a time and prospered. He raised stock extensively, as 
well as large quantities of grain. After following farming for three 
years he removed to Gardner where he was engaged in the grain and 
elevator business for fifteen years. He then bought a small tract of land 
near Gardner where he built a home and engaged in raising fruit and 
garden produce. In 1904 he came to Edgerton and is now living retired. 
Mr. Lansdown has been twice married, first to Miss Louisa Sipes, and 
four children were born to this union: Albert, Floyd A., William and 
Cora. The wife and mother died in 1894 and Mr. Lansdown married 
Miss E. Edingfield. During Mr. Landsdown's long residence in Johnson 
county, he has won many friends and made an extensive acquaintance. 
Politically he is a Republican. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
church and the Grand Army of the Republic. 

D. C. Dwyer, of Edgerton, Kan., is a Johnson county pioneer. Mr. 
Dwyer is a native of Ireland and a son of D. J. Dwyer, who spent his 
life in that country. D. C. Dwyer, whose name introduces this sketch, 
was the first mayor of Edgerton and served two terms in that office. 
He came to Kansas in 1866 and settled at Lanesfield, Johnson county. 


He is a blacksmith by trade and was one of the first to open a shop at 
Lanesfield. He worked at his trade there for a number of years, when 
he removed to Edgerton where he successfully conducted a general 
blacksmithing business until the present time. Mr. Dwyer married Miss 
Mary Sullivan, a native of Ireland, and they have three children, as 
follows : Mary, resides in Kansas City, Mo. ; Jeremiah, engaged in farm- 
ing near Edgerton and Maggie resides in Kansas City, Mo. Mr. Dwyer 
has spent nearly half a century of his life in Johnson county, and during 
that time has built up a reputation for honesty and integrity, and has 
made many friends. He has had a great deal to do with the upbuild- 
ing and betterment of the town of Edgerton and has been interested in 
its welfare from almost its beginning, and has seen it grow until it has 
become one of the important and prosperous towns of Kansas. Besides 
being the first mayor of Edgerton, Mr. Dwyer has served as justice of the 
peace for thirty-eight years and for a number of years was police judge. 
C. E. Harbour, manager of the Farmer's general store at Edgerton, 
has had an extensive mercantile experience, and is one of the enthusiastic 
boosters of commercial Edgerton, who have given it a conspicuous place 
on the map of Johnson county. Mr. Harbour was born at Rosebud, Ohio, 
in 1876, and is a son of George W. and Mary A. (Bostic) Harbour, 
natives of Ohio. C. E. Harbour was two years old when his parents 
removed from Ohio to West Virginia. He was reared and educated in 
that State where he remained until 1907 when he came to Stanley, Kan., 
and worked on a farm about a year. In 1908 he came to Edgerton and 
was employed in the Farmer's store as clerk. He started at $25.00 per 
month, but was soon raised to $30. Eighteen months later he returned 
to Stanley as manager of the Grange store there. He conducted the 
affairs of that concern there, successfully, for three years when he 
accepted the management of the Farmer's store at Edgerton in 1913, and 
since that time has held that position. Mr. Harbour is a successful mer- 
chant and has proven himself to be a thoroughly capable manager of a 
large mercantile establishment, such as the Farmer's store of Edgerton 
is. Mr. Harbour was united in marriage May 18, 1909, to Miss Mar- 
querite E. Wolfey, a daughter of Ebenezer and Mary (Penery) Wolfey, 
both natives of Ohio, and both born in 1842. They are the parents of 
four children: P. E., a real estate man, Wichita, Kan.; Milly Ann; 
Llewellyn and Jennie Lytle. The Wolfey family came from Ohio to 
Kansas in 1871 and settled in Miami county where the father bought a 
farm and followed farming until he retired and removed to Edgerton. 
He still owns his farm. To Mr. and Mrs. Harbour have been born three 
children, as follows: Charles W., Mary E. and Leland F. Mr. and Mrs. 
Harbour are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and he has 
been Sunday school superintendent for four years. His fraternal affilia- 
tions are with the Masons, Modern Woodmen of America, the Knights 
of the Golden Eagle and the Grange. 


W. S. Speer, of Olathe, has been a prominent factor in the affairs of 
Johnson county for forty-seven years. He was born at Cambridge, 
Guernsey county, Ohio, April 11, 1839, and is a son of A. S. and Mary 
(McKinney) Speer, natives of Scotland. The grandfather was a lieu- 
tenant in the War of 1812 and an early settler in Guernsey county, Ohio. 
A. S. Speer, father of W. S. Speer, took a prominent part in politics and 
was the first county commissioner elected in Guernsey county, and 
served as justice of the peace for a number of years. He was one of 
the pioneer advocates of prohibition. He followed farming and for a 
number of years kept a hotel in Cambridge, Ohio. He and his wife 
spent their lives in Ohio and are both now deceased. They were the 
parents of eight children, as follows: John S., was a major in the United 
States Signal Corps, in the Civil war, and is now a retired minister at 
Cambridge. Ohio. W. S., the subject of this sketch; Matthew W., served 
in the United States Signal Corps during the Civil war, and was with 
Sheridan in the eastern army ; Henry was a lieutenant in Company H. 
Seventy-eighth regiment, Ohio infantry, and was mortally wounded 
before Atlanta, July 22, 1864; Newton, died at the age of eight; James F., 
a farmer. Edgerton ; Anna Margaret, married James A. Lorimer, of 
Johnson county, and Ella, resides at Pasadena, Calif. W. S. Speer was 
reared in Guernsey county, Ohio, educated in the public schools and 
when a youth learned the carpenter's trade. November 1, 1861, he en- 
listed at Cambridge, Ohio, in Company A, Seventy-eighth regiment, 
Ohio infantry, as a private, and during his term of service was pro- 
moted to sergeant. He participated in the following engagements : 
Fort Donelson, Shiloh, -Corinth, Grand Junction, La Grange, Bolivar, 
Iuka, Memphis, siege of Vicksburg and Monroeville. At the expira- 
tion of his term he reenlisted at Vicksburg, as a veteran volunteer, and 
after a thirty days' furlough joined the Seventeenth corps at Cairo, 111., 
where it remained one day and then under command of Gen. Frank 
Blair, embarked on boats and passed up the Tennessee river to Clifton. 
On the morning of the sixteenth day of May, 1864, the long march over- 
land across Tennessee, northern Alabama and into the heart of Georgia 
was commenced. Tennessee was respected as a loyal State. No forag- 
ing was allowed, not even a garden or a hen roost was disturbed. The 
march was the longest and most severe one that the men had ever made, 
but they stood it well. They plodded on without a murmur through 
choking dust and also rain and mud, fording creeks and rivers and 
resting at night without shelter from the dew and rain, their weary 
limbs and backs aching under the weight of the knapsacks, arms and 
other munitions of war. After that he was at the battle of Resaca, Big 
Shanty, Kenesaw Mountain, siege of Atlanta, being wounded twice in the 
latter engagement. He was struck by a fragment of an exploding shell 
and received a gunshot wound in his cheek. From Atlanta he was with 
Sherman in his famous march to the sea and after the surrender of Lee 


his regiment marched to Washington and participated in the grand 
review. They then went to Louisville, Ky., where they were discharged,, 
July 17, 1865. He then returned to Cambridge, Ohio, and engaged in 
farming until 1868, when he came to Kansas and located on a farm in 
Johnson county where he has since been successfully engaged in farm- 
ing and stock raising. He resides in Olathe and directs his farm from 
there. Mr. Speer was united in marriage March 7, 1866, to Anna Wilson, 
of Cambridge, Ohio, and to this union three children were born, as fol- 
lows : H. W.j a teacher, Knoxville, Tenn. ; Myrtle and Mary were both 
teachers and are now deceased. The wife and mother of these children 
died July 31, 1872, and on November 13, 1874, Mr. Speer was united in. 
marriage to Miss Julia M. Henderson, a native of Washington county, 
Pennsylvania. Two children were born to this union : N. C, a graduate 
of the Kansas City Medical College, and now a practicing physician at 
Osawatomie, Kan., and William Lewis, a graduate of the Jefferson Medi- 
cal College, Philadelphia, Pa., now practising his profession at Clay Cen- 
ter, Kan. Mr. Speer has taken an active part in local and State politics 
and has been a life-long Republican. He cast his first vote for Abraham 
Lincoln in 1864 while in the line of March. Mr. Speer says that voting 
at that time was not a complicated process. He merely dropped his- 
ballot in a coffee pot which was held out for that purpose as the soldier 
boys went marching by. He has held many offices of trust and responsi- 
bility and has always faithfully and efficiently discharged the duties of 
any office or trust imposed in him. He has served as township trustee 
and as a member of the school board a number of years and served as 
county commissioner for two terms from 1896 to 1902. In 1902 he was 
elected to the State legislature but refused to accept the nomination for 
reelection. He is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, Frank- 
lin Post, No. 68, and is past commander. He and his wife are members- 
of the United Presbyterian church. 

Horace Parks, a Civil war veteran who has spent over forty-three years-, 
of his life in Johnson county, is a native of Indiana. He was born in 
St. Joseph county in 1843, an d is a son of Isaac K. and Sarah (Huntsman) 
Parks, the former a native of the Empire State and the latter of Ohio. 
They were the parents of five children, all of whom were born in Indiana,. 
as follows : Seth, was a soldier in the Civil war and was killed at the bat- 
tle of Chickamauga ; Robert also served in the Civil war and was 
wounded near Memphis, Tenn., and taken prisoner. He was later ex- 
changed and died at Annapolis, Md., while in service. Norman, now re- 
sides at Mishawaka, Ind. ; Ebin, spent his life in Indiana and died at Mish- 
awaka; and Horace, the subject of this sketch. Horace Parks received' 
his educational discipline in the public schools of Indina and before he 
had reached maturity the great Civil war came on and when he was about 
eighteen years old he enlisted in Company I, Ninth regiment, Indiana in- 
fantry, and served three years. He took part in many of the important and. 


and hard fought battles of the Civil war, including- Greenbriar, Stone 
River, Shiloh, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, and at the latter 
battle was wounded in the thigh by a minnie ball, after which he returned 
to Indianapolis on a veteran's furlough where he remained six months, 
when he was mustered out of service on account of expiration of his 
term of service and was honorably discharged. He remained in his native 
State until 1872 when he came to Kansas, locating- in Johnson county. 
He bought a farm of 160 acres in Spring Hill township, four miles north 
of Spring Hill, where he has since been successfully engaged in farming 
and stock raising. In 1912, he removed to Olathe, but continues to con- 
duct his farming operations. Mr. Parks was united in marriage at Misha- 
waka, Ind., in 1868, to Miss Sarah Minor, and six children have been, 
born to this union, as follows: A daughter, died in infancy; Seth, a 
practicing physician at Bartlesville, Okla. ; Wade R., an attorney in Mon- 
tana ; Isaac, an attorney in South Bend, Ind. ; a son who died at the age 
of one year; and Lillian died at the age of one year. Mr. Parks is well 
known in Johnson county and is one of the substantial citizens of the 
community, and has many friends. 

Arthur P. Williams, cashier of the Spring Hill Banking Company, 
has held that position with this important financial instituton for the 
past fifteen years. The Spring Hill Banking Company is one of the 
prosperous and substantial banking houses of eastern Kansas with a 
spotless record of over a quarter of a century. It was organized in 1889' 
with a captial stock of $20,000, and has a surplus of $15,000, and is one 
of the best dividend paying banks in the State. The bank is organized 
on a common sense safe plan. There are thirteen directors and each 
director has an equal voice in the administration of the affairs of the 
bank, regardless of how many shares of stock he owns. However, a 
stock holder must own a minimum of five shares before he is eligible to 
become a member of the board of directors. The following are the 
present officers and directors of the bank: Eli Davis, president; Loren 
Grarofar, vice-president ; A. P. Williams, cashier ; Steward Simpson, 
assistant cashier and W. C. Palmer, secretary ; and the present board of 
directors are: Eli Davis, Leon Granford, W. M. Adams, S. R. Hogue, 
W. H. Rutter, Eugene Davis, W. C. Palmer, W. M. Tibbetts, George 
S. Sowers, S. C. Ranney, A. P. Williams, P. O. Coons and Lizzie Bun- 
nell. Arthur P. Williams, the cashier, is a native of Wales, and was 
born in 1848, a son of William A. and Given (Pugri) Williams, also 
natives of Wales. When A. P. was about nine months old, the family im- 
migrated to America. They landed at New York after a voyage of five 
weeks, and immediately proceeded to Wisconsin, settling in Green Lake 
county. The mother died in Pennsylvania a few years after the family 
located there and the father, who was a slate quarry man, removed to 
Pennsylvania, taking his wife with him. A. P. Williams received a good 
common school education and before he was twenty-one years old went. 


to Iowa and engaged in farming on his own account, remaining there 
until 1873. He then came to Kansas, locating in Miami county and 
followed farming there until 1890. He was then elected clerk of the 
district court of Miami county and served in that office for four years, 
being reelected at the end of his first term. He served as assistant 
State treasurer for two years and about that time was elected cashier of 
the Spring Hill Banking Company. Mr. Williams is typically of the 
banker's temperament, well posted in the intricate problems of finance, 
a man of good judgment and with years of experience in dealing with 
men and handling affairs, is well qualified for the responsible position 
which he holds. He was united in marriage in 1869 to Miss Mary Jones, 
also a native of Wales. She came to this country with an aunt and for 
a time lived in Cincinnati, Ohio, and from there went to Iowa where she 
married Mr. Williams. To Mr. and Mrs. W T illiams the following chil- 
dren have been born : Jennie and Anna, the latter being connected with 
the Spring Hill Banking Company for over fifteen years and, was one 
of the best posted employes of the institution during her long and use- 
ful career there. She was married in April, 1915, to George A. Simpson; 
and William, resides in Texas, where he is engaged in agriculture and is 
an extensive cotton planter. Mr. Williams is a member of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, the Fraternal Aid and the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. He and Mrs. Williams are members of the Baptist 
church of Paola. Mr. Williams is one of the solid citizens of John- 
son county and enjoys the esteem and confidence of a large number of 
friends and acquaintances. 

Patrick McAnany, of Mission township, is one of the historic land- 
marks of Johnson county, within whose borders he has made his resi- 
dence for fifty-seven years. Mr. McAnany is a native of Ireland, born 
in 1839, and when nine years of age immigrated to America with his 
parents. In 1858, he came to Johnson county, then in the Territory of 
Kansas, and located in Shawnee township. When he first came to this 
locality he went to live with a Shawnee Indian named David Daugherty, 
and worked for that Indian a number of years. Mr. McAnany was very 
familiar with the civilized Shawnees and entertains a very high regard 
for their intelligence and honesty. He says that his main objection to the 
Shawnee Indians is to their style of cooking, and that they made the least 
progress in the culinary art of any of the accomplishments of their white 
brethren whom they endeavored to imitate. Mr. McAnany relates many 
instances concerning the habits and customs of the Shawnee Indians 
and refers in particular to the carnival season, which was always cele- 
brated about the time that their corn had developed to the roasting 
stage. Mr. McAnany remained with his Shawnee employer for several 
years, receiving $16.00 per month, most of which he gave to Mrs. Daugh- 
erty, the Indian's wife, for safe keeping. The custom was to pay him 
the exact amount due each month, the money being tied up neatly in a 


small sack, and as above stated, Mr. McAnany in turn deposited most 
of it with Mrs. Daugherty, and when she died, she had in her possession 
about $200.00 of his money which was then paid to him. He then worked 
for Wilkerson & Knaggs, who kept a general store and sold groceries, 
dry goods, boots, shoes, etc. Mr. McAnany remained in the employ of 
this firm for two or three years, or until Wilkerson was killed by an 
Indian in a saloon brawl at Shawnee. At that time there were eight or 
ten saloons in the little settlement. Later Mr. McAnany bought 160 
acres of land and has made farming the chief occupation of his life, in 
which he has been very successful and accumulated a competence. He 
was here during the uncertain days of the Border war and enlisted in 
Company F, First regiment, Kansas infantry. He received a gunshot 
wound in the right cheek at the battle of Wilson creek and still carries 
the bullet, as the doctors refused to remove it fearing that the wound 
would never heal. He also received a hot minnie ball in the left ear. 
This ball was partly melted when it struck him, presumably being fired 
from an overheated gun. And on another occasion he was struck on the 
buckle of his cartridge belt by a minnie ball. He says that on that occa- 
sion, the bullet struck with sufficient force to have penetrated his 
body had it not been deflected by the buckle. He was taken pris- 
oner while in the service but shortly after his capture was exchanged 
and sent to the hospital at Fort Leavenworth. On one occasion, while 
he and two other soldiers were on their way between Fort Scott and 
Kansas City, they stayed all night with a hotel keeper who was a Union 
man, and who, during the night, learned of a plot of the bushwhackers 
to kill Mr. McAnany and his comrades. The plan was to hold up the 
stage on which they were expected to be passengers, but the landlord 
of the hotel apprised the soldiers of the plot and they made their escape 
in the night and got a conveyance to take them to Westport during the 
night, and thus escaped with their lives. Few men in Johnson county 
have had the variety of pioneer and military experiences that has fallen 
to the lot of Mr. McAnany. Tn the early days he frequently went on 
buffalo hunting trips in the central and western part of the State with the 
Indians. He could speak the Shawnee language fluently and during his 
career has frequently been called upon to act as interpreter in matters 
concerning the Shawnee Indians. Mr. McAnany was married at Kansas 
City, Mo., in 1869, to Miss Helen Mansfield and he and his wife are now 
spending their declining years in peace and plenty on their farm which 
is located three-fourths of a mile north of Shawnee. They have one of 
the well improved farms of Johnson county. They are the parents of 
nine children, all of whom are living: Edwin S., born in Kansas City, 
Mo., living in Kansas City, Kan., of the firm of McAnany & Alden. He 
is a graduate of St. Benedict's College, of Atchison; Phillip, born in 
Kansas City, Mo., educated in the schools of Kansas City, Mo., is with 
the Hearst papers of Boston, Mass. ; J. Paul, born in Kansas City, Mo.. 


an engineer, lives in western Canada; May, born in Kansas City y Mo; r 
married Carl Dahoney, Cincinnati, Ohio, attended the Mount St. Schol- 
astica's School of Atchison, Kan.; Rose, born in Kansas City, Mo., lives 
at home ; Patrick D., born in Shawnee, attended St. Benedict's School, 
Atchison, Kan., associated with the firm of McAnany & Alden, of Shaw- 
nee, Kan., lives at home ; Helen G., born in Shawnee, attended Mount 
St. Scholastica's School at Atchison, Kan., married W. W. Marshall, lives 
m Kansas City, Mo. ; George S., born in Shawnee, attended St. Bene- 
dict's College, and is a salesman for Cook Paint Company, and Robert A., 
born in Shawnee, attended St. Benedict's College, Atchison, Kan., farm- 
ing at home. 

Joseph H. Chamberlin, well known in Johnson county as a successful 
farmer and stockman, is a native of New Jersey, born in 1834. He is a 
son of Hesacurah and Elizabeth (Chamberlin) Chamberlin, natives of 
New Jersey. In 1841 the Chamberlin family removed from New Jersey 
to New York State where they spent two years and then went to Ohio. 
The father rented land in Warren and Butler counties, Ohio, for about 
ten years when he bought 130 acres in Warren county where he died in 
1857. His wife died in 1880. J. H. Chamberlin grew to manhood in 
Ohio and attended the public schools. His first independent business 
venture was farming rented land in Ohio, which he began when twenty 
-one years old. In 1868 he came to Kansas, locating in Johnson county 
and the following year brought his family to Johnson county and located 
on a farm of eighty acres in Spring Hill township, and engaged in gen- 
eral farming and sheep and hog raising. The peculiar combination of 
the stock business and grain farming has practically insured him against 
total loss or an entire failure in any one season. In other words he did 
not have his eggs all in one basket and for that reason has met with a 
certain degree of prosperity even during dry seasons, wet seasons or 
when grasshoppers and other pests of the plains held sway. Mr. Cham- 
berlin was united in marriage in 1863 to Miss Mary Moleson, a daughter 
of John and Lucy Moleson, and the following children were born to 
this union : Hesaciah C, born in Ohio, in 1864, now a farmer in John- 
son county; George, born in Ohio, in 1865, now a mail carrier, resides 
near Ocheltree, Kan. ; Frank, born in 1869, in Johnson county, a painter 
in Kansas City ; Anna and Emily, both born in Johnson county. Mr. 
Chamberlin is a Republican and is a member of the Congregational 
church at Spring Hill. He is one of the substantial citizens of Johnson 
county and public spirited. 

Irwin Williams, cashier of the Farmers State Bank, of Spring Hill, 
Kan., is a native of Miami, county, Kansas. He was born April 10, 
1887, and is a son of Thomas and Lucy (Tug-gle) Williams. The father 
is a native of Pennsylvania and came to Kansas when eighteen years of 
age. He settled in Miami county and engaged in farming and has met 
with unusual success and is now one of the large land owners of Miami 


county and is president of the Farmers State Bank, of which Irwin 
Williams, the subject of this sketch, is cashier. Irwin Williams is one of 
a family of five children : Clifford S., Robert H., Irwin, Osa and Hazel, 
deceased. Osa is assistant cashier and bookkeeper in the Farmers 
State Bank. Irwin Williams was reared in Miami county and received 
his education in the common schools and the Paola High School. When 
twenty years of age he entered the National Bank of Commerce, of 
Kansas City, as a clerk, and here the broad foundation of his knowledge 
of banking was laid. In the spring of 1912, he resigned his position 
with the National Bank of Commerce and came to Spring Hill and 
promoted the organization of the Farmers State Bank, which opened its 
doors to the public on the first day of April of that year. The bank 
has a capital stock of $20,000, with a surplus of $7,000, and is one of the 
substantial financial institutions of Johnson county. Since the bank was 
opened its deposits have rapidly increased and every feature of its busi- 
ness has shown experienced and capable management. Mr. Williams is 
a Republican and his fraternal affiliations are with the Masonic lodge 
and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He takes an active part 
in all movements for the upbuilding and betterment of the community 
and is public spirited and progressive and keeps well abreast of the 
times. Although comparatively a young man, considering the responsible 
position which he holds, Mr. AVilliams is, perhaps, one of the best 
posted men in the intricate problems of banking and finance in Johnson 
county. He possesses what might be called that progressive conserva- 
tism, characteristic of successful financiers. 

Elton L. Miller, one of the progressive farmers of Johnson county, and 
a prominent factor in Mission township, is a native of Kentucky. He 
was born in Woodford county, March 23, 1865, and is a son of Cabel 
and Minerva (Lillard) Miller. The father was born in Mercer county, 
Kentucky, December 25, 1824, and died in Mission township, Johnson 
county, May 3, 1910. The mother was born in Anderson county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1844, and died in Mission township, May 5, 1897. They were 
married at Lawrenceburg, Ky., in 1863, and came to Kansas with their 
family, arriving at Kansas City, July 4, 1879, and three months later 
located on a farm in Mission township, two miles east of Merriam, where 
the parents spent the remainder of their lives. Cabel Miller bought a 
farm of 200 acres, paying $37.50 for part of it, and $75 per acre for the 
balance. They were the parents of three children, as follows, all of 
whom were born in Woodford county, Kentucky : Elton, whose name 
introduces this sketch ; Amey, born July 2, 1867, educated in the public 
schools of Kentucky and Johnson county, resides on the home place 
in Mission township, and Percy L., born November 22, 1869, was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Kentucky and Johnson county. Elton 
Miller received the elements of his education from his mother and later 
attended a private school, conducted by Captain Henry. He then 
attended public school at Hickory Grove for a time and from there 


went to Central High School, Kansas City, Mo. He attended Kansas 
University at Lawrence for a time and then took a commercial course 
in Spaulding's Commercial College, Kansas City, Mo. Since that time 
he and his two brothers have operated the home farm in partnership, 
and are among the most successful farmers of Johnson county. The 
Miller Brothers conduct their farming operations along- scientific lines,, 
but never abandon well-tried, practical methods for the so-called fads. 
They were among the first to introduce alfalfa in Johnson county and 
have about thirty-five acres under that crop. The Miller Brothers have 
recently taken up chicken raising which has proven very successful 
with them. Plymouth Rocks are their specialty. The citizens of Mis- 
sion township have shown their appreciation of the ability and worth 
of Elton Miller by electing him to various offices of trust and responsi- 
bility. He was elected township clerk in 1890 and served two years. He 
was then elected constable and after having served four vears was 
elected justice of the peace and reelected a number of times, serving 
in all, ten years. For the past nine years he has been trustee of Mission 
township, his present term, expiring in 1916. Mr. Miller as an office 
holder has always conducted the public business in the same conscien- 
tious and economical manner that he does his own affairs. He believes 
that public money should be spent as judiciously as private money, and 
in following out that principle the people of Mission township have 
value received for every dollar expended by him as a public official. 

Remi Caenen, a Johnson county pioneer and extensive land owner, 
has carried on an extensive business in this county for a number of 
years. Mr. Caenen is a native of Belgium, born March 27, 1853, and is. 
a son of Leven and Mary Teresa Caenen, natives of Belgium, the former 
born in 1812 and died in 1891, and the latter born in 1818 and died in 
1902. The parents immigrated to America with a family of seven small 
children in 1856, at which time Remi Caenen, the subject of this sketch,, 
was only three years old. They settled in St. Clair county, Illinois. 
In 1864 they removed to St. Paul, a town twenty-four miles west of 
St. Louis, and two years later returned to Illinois, where they remained 
until 1868, when they came to Kansas, locating in Johnson county, one 
mile west of Lenexa. The Caenen family met with a great many diffi- 
culties in their endeavor to establish a home in the new world. It 
seemed as though one disaster after another followed the little family 
of immigrants. One of their children, Mary, died during the voyage 
to America and was buried at sea. After they located in Illinois, the 
flood of 1858, near East St. Louis, swept away everything they had, 
and after coming to Kansas, they encountered several bad years and 
crop failures and endured all kinds of privations and hardships. They 
just managed to exist and when they were fortunate enough to have a 
crop, prices were so low and the markets so poor that they were unable 
to make much progress in the early years, but by persistence and indus- 
try, and with the help of the boys, as they grew up, things began to> 


turn for the better, and the father was considered a well-to-do man at 
the time of his death. The parents removed to Lenexa during- the latter 
years of their lives and spent their declining years in peace and plenty. 
They were the parents of the following children : Sophia ; De Clercq, 
Lenexa; Henry, Lenexa; Remi, the subject of this sketch; Frank, 
Lenexa; Mrs. Frank Schlagel, Lenexa; and Mrs. Mary Boehm, who 
died in 1905. Remi Caenen obtained most of his education in the public 
schools of Illinois, and when he was about twenty-six years old, he and 
two brothers operated the home farm, which consisted of 240 acres for 
five years, when they divided up the stock and implements. This was 
in 1880 and he then bought 100 acres of land, where his home is now 
located in Shawnee township. This land cost him $23 per acre and it is 
now worth $400 per acre. Mr. Caenen has dealt considerably in real 
estate and has platted and sold a great many lots. He platted eighty 
acres in Bartcliff addition and sold it off in small tracts recently. He 
owned over 190 lots in Monrovia and has sold ninety lots of that tract. 
He owns a half section in Olathe township, which his son, R. F., 
manages. Mr. Caenen has one of the finest residences in the county. It 
is built of stone quarried on his own place, and the house, which was 
erected in 1907, cost over $10,000. The place has all modern conve- 
niences, including lighting plant, water system, etc. Mr.. Caenen was 
married April 5, 1880, to Miss Mary A. VanHercke. She was born at 
Harlem, Mo., in 1861, a daughter of Joseph and Lucy VanHercke, 
natives of Belgium, who immigrated to America in 185 1, settling in 
Missouri, where they remained until 1866, when they came to Johnson 
county, Kansas, and followed farming and are both now deceased. Mr. 
Caenen's wife died July 18, 1901, leaving the following children: Emma 
Renner, Colby, Kan., has five children ; John, farmer on Indian Creek, 
Oxford township, has five children ; Mary Boehm, Paola, Kan., has two 
children; Josie Hurley, Paola, Kan., has one child; Remi F., operating 
his father's farm near Olathe ; Matty Schumaker, Kansas City, Mo. ; 
Rose, Delia and Achille, at home. Mr. Caenen is a progressive business 
man and is counted among Johnson county's most successful men of 

J. R. Foster, of Merriam, is a native of St. Joe county, Indiana, born 
in 1839. He is a son of Andrew and Cynthia (Reynolds) Foster, the 
former a native of Virginia and the latter of Kentucky. They were the 
parents of three children as follows : Mary Ellen, deceased ; Ann Eliza, 
now the wife of William A. Welch, of Chattanooga, Tenn., and J. R., 
the subject of this sketch. J. R. Foster received his education in the 
public schools and the Hillsdale Academy, Hillsdale, Mich. He then 
entered the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, 
where he was graduated in the class of 1866. (He was a class-mate of 
Hon. J. B. Foraker, former United States Senator from Ohio, and Don 
M. Dickerson, former United States postmaster general.) Mr. Foster 
came to Kansas in 1880 and since that tirrte has been identified with 


Johnson county. He was married in 1874 to Miss Mary Milburn at 
Mishawaka, Ind., and they have two children, Charles M., born in South 
Bend, Ind., is unmarried and resides with his parents, and' Florence, 
married Kenneth Hudson and resides at Ardmore, Okla. Mr. and Mrs. 
Foster own one of the finest farms of Johnson county, located in Mis- 
sion township, which was formerly the George Milburn property. It 
originally consisted of 800 acres and was purchased from the estate of 
Henry Coppeck by Mr. Milburn and was formerly owned by Graham 
Rogers, a Shawnee Indian. Mr. Foster bought 320 acres of this land 
and Mrs. Foster inherited the balance from her father's estate. They 
Tiave sold some of the land to the Strang Land Company and still own 
480 acres. Mr. Foster's is one of the ideal country homes of Johnson 
county, his residence being practically new, and modern in every par- 
ticular. He is one of the substantial men of Shawnee township. In 1888 
Mr. Foster was elected a member of the Kansas legislature from John- 
son county, and served with credit to himself and his constituents in 
that body. 

E. L. Smith, manager of the Olathe Gas Company, is a representative 
of that type of men who are doing things in the industrial world of today. 
Mr. Smith is a native of Illinois, born near Litchfield, July 18, 1866, and is 
a son of Allen G. and Martha (Kinder) Smith, the former a native of the 
Old Dominion and the latter of Illinois, born of pioneer Illinois parents, 
who settled in that State when it was one broad expanse of unbroken 
prairie. The mother remembered, distinctly, when game was abundant 
in Illinois and saw deer by the hundreds, roaming over the plains. 
Allen G. Smith removed from his Virginia home to Kentucky with his 
parents when a mere boy, and while yet in his teens hired out to drive 
cattle from Kentucky to Indiana and made a similar trip from the latter 
State to Alton Landing, 111., about 1830, and made his home in Illinois 
after that. He located in Macoupin county, near Litchfield. He broke 
the prairie where the city of Litchfield now stands, and for a time in 
the early days was engaged in freighting, before there was scarcely 
more than trails across the plains. In 1880 he removed to Cass county, 
Missouri, where he died two years later, aged sixty-seven years. He 
was a strong anti-slavery advocate and a man of positive convictions. 
He was a Republican and member of the Baptist church and a very 
relig-ious man. His wife died in 1892, aged sixty-two years. They were 
the parents of five children, namely: H. T., Harrisonville, Mo.; Martha 
M., married William T. Wilson ; S. P., died at the age of forty-three, 
in 1903; E. L., the subject of this sketch, and Allie, married M. L. Dol- 
lar, Paola, Kan. E. L. Smith attended the public schools in Illinois 
until the age of fourteen, when he came to Cass county, Missouri, with 
his parents. He was engaged in farming in that section for eight years, 
and in 1888 came to Kansas as an employ of the Missouri Pacific Railway 
Company at Osawatomie, Kan., and remained with that company until 
1897 when he entered the employ of the Pennsylvania Oil, Gas and Min- 


ing Company, at Osawatomie. He was in the operating- department 
of that company in connection with their Miami county development 
until 1898 when they came to Johnson county and drilled the first well 
in Johnson county, which was at Old City Park, Spring Hill, where 
they struck a good flow of gas at a depth of 610 feet. That was the 
beginning of the gas development of Johnson county. Mr. Smith began 
at the bottom in the oil business and has had experience in drilling, 
pipe line construction and everything" in connection with the business. 
He remained with that company until 1904, when he engaged in drilling 
as an independent contractor and followed that vocation in Miami 
county until 1910, when he came to Olathe as manager of the Olathe 
Gas Company and still holds that position. Mr. Smith was married 
July 3, 1888, to Miss Mattie Naylor, a native of Jefferson City, Mo., but 
resided in Cass county at the time of her marriage. She is a daughter 
of Benjamin Robert and Margaret Elizabeth (Hall) Naylor, both now 
deceased, the former a native of Missouri and the latter of Kentucky. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Smith have been born two children: Benjamin Earl, 
operating a drilling rig for his father in Johnson county, and Euphemia, 
died at the age of three years, October 30, 1897. Mr. Smith is a member 
of the Masonic lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, No. 19, the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, No. 11, Paola, The Fraternal Order 
of Eagles, Aerie No. 400. Olathe ; Ancient Order of United Workmen, 
Homestead No. 1000, and the Yoeman, Paola, Kan. He is a Republican 
and a member of the Christian church. Mrs. Smith is also a member 
of the Christian church and the Order of the Eastern Star and Rebekahs. 
Charles Delahunt, Sr., of Olathe, is one of the real pioneers of John- 
son county. Mr. Delahunt was born in Ireland, February 9, 1831, and is 
a son of Matthew and Margaret (Byrne) Delahunt. The Delahunt fam- 
ily immigrated to America in 1849, located in Jo Daviess county, Illinois, 
and the parents spent their lives in that section of Illinois and both died 
in Galena. When they came to this country they made the voyage 
across the Atlantic in an old-time sailing vessel, which required six 
weeks to make the trip. They landed in New York and came to Chicago 
by the Hudson river, Erie canal and Great Lakes. Chicago at that time 
was a mere village, and Mr. Delahunt says he distinctly remembers 
that there was not a yard of pavement in the town, that the main street 
was covered with planks and as they drove over them the mud fre- 
quently squirted up through the cracks between the planks. Mr. Dela- 
hunt was eighteen years old when he came to this country with his 
parents. He remained in Jo Daviess county, Illinois, until 1856, when 
he came to Leavenworth, Kan., and that year settled on a claim in 
Lexington township, Johnson county, and later engaged in farming there, 
and his efforts proved very successful. He added to his original place 
until he accumulated 470 acres in Lexington and Olathe townships, 
which he still owns and which is operated by his son, Charles, Jr. Mr. 
Delahunt removed to Olathe in 1896 where he has since resided, with 


the exception of four years which he spent on his farm. He was one 
of the first settlers of Lexington township. The settlement at Olathe 
was only a few weeks old when he came. He was here during all the 
stirring days of the border war and succeeded in remaining as nearly 
neutral as possible. However, he served in the Kansas militia during 
the Civil war. Mr. Delahunt was married September 27, 1859, to Miss 
Martha Rector, in Lexington township. She was a daughter of John 
and Eliza (Oliver) Rector, natives of Virginia. Mrs. Delahunt was born 
near Warrington, Fauquier county, Virginia, in 1841, and when she 
was eleven years old her family removed to Platte City, Platte county, 
Missouri, and in 1858 came to Lexington township, Johnson county, 
where they remained a year or two, when they went to Texas, locating 
near Dennison, where they both spent their lives. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Delahunt have been born eight children, three of whom are living, as 
follows: Anna, married C. D. Campbell, Garden City, Kan.; Charles, 
Jr., a personal sketch of whom appears in this volume, and A. L. resides 
in Lexington township. Mr. Delahunt is a member of the Masonic 
lodge and is a Democrat. His wife is a member of the Order of the 
Eastern Star and belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church. 

E. G. Carroll, sheriff of Johnson county, is perhaps the youngest man 
holding a similar position in the State. Sheriff Carroll is a native of the 
Sunflower State, born at Atchison, August 11, 1879, and is a son of 
George and Nellie (Cline) Carroll, the former a native of Indiana and 
the latter of Iowa. The parents were married in Iowa and shortly after- 
wards came to Kansas, locating in Atchison, where they remained about 
a year and a half, when they removed to Olathe. This was about 1880. 
George and Nellie (Cline) Carroll are the parents of five children, as 
follows : Gardner, married Nellie Gilbert and resides in Des Moines, 
Iowa; Bert, married Ella Crowder and resides at Boulder, Colo.; Charles, 
lives in Des Moines, Iowa ; Catherine, resides with her parents in Des 
Moines, Iowa, and E. G., the subject of this sketch. E. G. Carroll was 
reared in Olathe and received his education in the public schools of that 
place. When fifteen years of age he began work at the painter's trade 
with Henry Mitchell and later worked with his father, who was engaged 
in contracting, and while associated with his father as a contractor 
Sheriff Carroll worked in Chicago, Omaha, Des Moines, Kansas City, 
Mo., and various other places. In 1908 he entered the employ of the 
Strang Line and for two and a half 3 r ears was in the service of that com- 
pany. He then was appointed deputy sheriff by Sheriff Lon Cave, in 
January, 1910. After serving four years in that capacity, he received 
the Democratic nomination for sheriff and at the following election car- 
ried every precinct in the county, except Merriam, and was elected by 
a very satisfactory majority. There were two other candidates in the 
field and Mr. Carroll received more votes than both the other candidates 
combined. He bears the distinction of being the first deputy sheriff in 


Johnson county elected to the office of sheriff while serving in that 
capacity. Mr. Carroll was married in 1908 at Earlham, Iowa, to Miss 
Margaret Fritsen. Mr. Carroll is one of the popular and efficient public 
officers of Johnson county. 

Thomas Riley, manager of the Strang Line, Overland Park, is a native 
of Missouri. He was born November 30, 1869, and is a son of Thomas 
M. and Margaret (Narey) Riley. The father was a native of Ireland 
and after coming to America followed river navagation in an early day 
on the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. He died in the early seventies and 
his wife, now aged seventy-nine, resides at Marietta, Ohio. To Thomas 
M. and Margaret (Narey) Riley were born three children: Thomas, the 
subject of this sketch; William F., a passenger conductor on the old 
Marietta, Columbus & Cleveland railroad, having held that position for 
twenty-six years, and John H., who has been a locomotive engineer on 
that railroad for eighteen years, and is now running a passeng-er train. 
Thomas Riley has been engaged in railroad work all his life, and posi- 
tions of responsibility in that line of work are nothing new to him. In 
1884. when he was only sixteen years old, he began with a construc- 
tion gang on the Marietta & Mineral railroad, and four years later he 
became foreman of construction work. From the Marietta & Mineral 
railroad he accepted a position with the Ohio River road, from Wheeling 
to Huntington, AY. Va., and had charge of track laying- and ballasting 
there for two years. He was then foreman on bridge and construction 
work for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company on the Columbus 
& Midland for two years. He then went with the A. S. Kerr Construc- 
tion Company, of Middleport, Ohio, for three years, as superintendent 
of bridge and trestle construction. During that time he constructed 
the bridges and trestles on the Ohio Central, and did work on the Cleve- 
land, Lorain & Wheeling, and also superintended the construction of a 
dock at Conneaut, Ohio. He then entered the train service on the 
M. C. & C. railroad, and after being promoted to locomotive 
engineer, worked in that capacity about one year, when he ac- 
cepted a position as conductor on the same road. A year later he was 
appointed general roadmaster and superintendent of bridges on that 
road, and after one year's service in that capacity resigned and engaged 
in the oil business at Marietta, Ohio. He was thus engaged about two 
years, when in 1900 he entered the employ of W. B. Strang as general 
superintendent of construction. At that time Mr. Strang was building 
the Detroit & Toledo Shore Line, a double track road. Four years later 
Mr. Riley went with the Quigley Construction Company, who were 
operating in Arkansas and Louisiana. After completing their work in 
those states Mr. Riley went to Canada and had charge of a mining 
proposition for Mr. Strang when he came to Johnson county, and took 
charge of the construction of the Missouri, Kansas & Interurban rail- 
road, known as the Strang Line, which Mr. Strang was building. This 
road was completed in 1907 and operated between Kansas City, Mo., 


and Olathe, Kan. It was completed as far as Lenexa in 1906, and began 
to operate that year between Kansas City, Mo., and Lenexa. At first 
it was operated by a gasoline motor, but soon was equipped with elec- 
tricity and today is one of the best electric lines in the country. Mr. 
Riley is one of the practical railroad men of the country who has become 
accustomed to doing big things without even knowing it. • 

Scott Rudy, a prominent farmer and stock man of Johnson county, 
resides on the old Rudy homestead in Spring Hill township. He and his 
sister, Nannie, and brother, Taylor, are unmarried and reside together on 
the old home place. Scott Rudy was born in Holmes county, Ohio, in 
1849. His parents were Andrew and Elvira (Ross) Rudy, natives of 
Pennsylvania, the former of German and the latter of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent. Both the Ross and the Rudy families were pioneers of Ohio and 
were neighbors in Holmes county, and therefore Andrew Rudy and El- 
vira Ross knew each other in early childhood. They were married in 
Ohio in the early forties, and began life on a farm near Millersburg, that 
State, where they remained until i860, when they came to Kansas, 
locating at Spring Hill. They had eight children. They made the 
trip west, from Wheeling, Va., on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers 
to St. Louis, and from there to Kansas City up the Missouri river 
and drove by wagon from Kansas City to Spring Hill. In the 
spring of i860, Andrew Rudy bought 160 acres of land from Ben- 
jamin Pancoast. This property has remained in the Rudy family 
since, and they have added to it from time to time, until they now 
own 480 acres. Andrew Rudy and his wife were real pioneers of 
Kansas. They endured all the early T day hardships on the plains, and 
it is to the courage, foresight and endurance of such people that Kansas 
owes its greatness. When the Rudy family came to Johnson county 
they were poor and had a large family, but they had strong hearts and 
faith in the future possibilities of the new country, and they went to 
work with a will, and won. The border war was raging when they 
located here in the heart of that conflict and the following year the Civil 
war came on, and the father had his young family to protect and at the 
same time had to help defend his country and served in the Kansas 
militia, participating in various engagements along the border. Mr. 
Rudy was a public-spirited and progressive man, and took a keen interest 
in all local matters tending to the development and welfare of the com- 
munity. He was one of the organizers and a stockholder in the Grange 
store at Olathe, and also the one at Spring Hill. Lie was also one of the 
organizers and a stockholder of the Patrons Bank of Olathe. He was 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In the early days 
he was a Whig, but in 1856 when the Republican party was organized 
he became a Republican and that was his political creed the remainder 
of his life. He took an active interest in politics and was one of the 
reliables of his party in his home town and county. He died in 1903 



and his wife departed this life in 1912. They were the parents of eight 
children, as follows: Priscilla, married R. H. Craine ; Taylor, resides on 
the old homestead; Scott, the subject of this sketch; James G. ; Wayne; 
Isaac; Nannie resides on the old homestead and Katie, married B. L. 
Hibbard, and lives at Colorado Springs, Colo. In politics Scott and 
Taylor Rudy and their sister, Nannie, are stanch Republicans, and are 
numbered among the leading people of Johnson county. When the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows lodge, of Spring Hill, Kan., was 
organized, Priscilla Rudy made the wardrobe and regalias for the 
members, making no charge for their work. As a mark of appreciation 
for her kindness the lodge was named "Priscilla." 

Frank D. Hedrick, registrar of deeds of Johnson county, was born in 
Olathe, August 26, 1888. He is a son of Thomas D. and Jennie (Keeler) 
Hedrick. The father was born in Macon City, Mo. He was a son of 
Daniel M. Hedrick, who came from Corning, Iowa, to Johnson county, 
Kansas, in 1885, and now resides in Olathe and is still hale and hearty 
at the advanced age of eighty-one years. He was a strong anti-slavery 
man before the Civil war and he left Virginia and went to Iowa because 
he differed in political sentiment with the slaveholders of his native 
State. He served in an Iowa regiment in the Civil war and had four 
brothers who served in the same company, one of whom was killed in 
the service. Daniel M. Hedrick was the son of Joseph Hedrick, who set- 
tled in Johnson county, Kansas, in 1867. He spent his later years near 
De Soto, where he died at the age of eighty years. Thomas D. Hedrick, 
the father of Frank D. Hedrick, whose name introduces this sketch, was 
reared to manhood in Iowa. He was an expert penman and in 1885 
came to Johnson county to accept a position as recording clerk in the 
recorder's office under J. A. Stephenson. At that time Johnson county 
was rapidly developing and he also engaged in the title and abstract 
business, and was the pioneer in that field in Johnson county. After 
coming to this county he continually held the office of deputy registrar 
until he was elected registrar in 1902. He was a prominent Republican 
and active in the local organization of his party. He died April 8, 191 1. 
His wife, Jennie Keeler, was born in Olathe, a daughter of Col. J. A. 
Keeler, an early settler of Johnson county, and prominent in the affairs 
of this section of the State for a number of years. He came to Olathe 
during the Civil war in the capacity of quartermaster, and at the close 
of the war located here permanently, where he resided for many years. 
He was justice of the peace several terms, and now resides at Garden 
City, Kan., where he is interested in a large ranch with his two sons, 
Lewis and B. Mrs. Hedrick, Frank D.'s mother, now resides in Olathe, 
and is deputy county registrar. Frank D. Hedrick is one of a family 
of six children, Fred M., Cherryvale, Kan. ; Margaret, married E. U. 
Pelham, a contractor, Olathe, Kan.; Frank D., the subject of this sketch; 
Joseph J. ; Mary J. ; Alice Ruth, student in the Olathe public schools. 
Frank D. Hedrick was reared in Olathe and graduated from the Olathe 


High School in the class of 1907. He then engaged in the abstract busi- 
ness, being associated with his father, whom he succeeded at the latter's 
death, and later became associated in that business with Frank Norman, 
of Norman & Robinson, abstractors of Kansas City, and they have the 
only complete set of abstract books in Johnson county. Mr. Hedrick 
served two terms as deputy county registrar and in 1912 was elected to 
the office of county registrar and in 1914 was reelected to that office. 
He was reelected by a majority of 1,710, which is the largest majority 
ever given a candidate in Johnson county. Mr. Hedrick was united in 
marriage April 1, 1912, to Miss Edda Irene, daughter of H. U. Stewart, 
of Olathe, Kan. They have one child, Frank D., Jr. Notwithstanding 
that Mr. Hedrick's life is a busy one in both his official and business 
capacities, he has found time to devote to the study of law, and is now 
a member of the class of 1916 Kansas City School of Law. He is a 
Republican, a member of the Masonic lodge, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and holds membership in the Methodist Episcopal church. 
I. H. Hershey, of Olathe, in partnership with T. H. Garbo, constitutes 
the Olathe Packing Company. The products of this company, and 
especially the famous Olathe sausage, is well known throughout several 
states in the middle West and Southwest, and patrons of the Harvey 
House, from Chicago to the Pacific coast are familiar with the superior 
qualities of the Olathe sausage, which is considered by epicures to be 
the finest on the market. The Olathe Packing Company is an extensive 
manufacturer of high-grade hams and bacon, and has the only exclusive 
retail meat market in Olathe. In order to give an idea of the scope and 
extent of this Olathe industry, it might be mentioned that it is the exclu- 
sive business of one Government inspector to inspect the output of this 
institution. The Olathe Packing Company has about a dozen employees 
on its pay roll, and is one of the important industries of Olathe. This 
business was founded by F. V. Ostrander, and later Jesse Nichols be- 
came a partner, and it was conducted for eight years by Mr. Ostrander 
and Jesse Nichols. In 1901 Mr. Hershey became a member of the firm, 
and the firm became known as Ostrander, Nichols & Hershey. Mr. 
Hershey, being a practical meat man, assumed the general management 
of the business. Later Mr. Ostrander sold his interest to Mr. Hershey 
and the firm was Nichols & Hershey for two years when Mr. Nichols 
sold his interest to S. T. McCoy and Hershey & McCoy conducted the 
business two years when Mr. McCoy sold out to Mr. Garbo and the busi- 
ness is now owned by Hershey & Garbo and does business under the firm 
name and style of the Olathe Packing Company, with Mr. Hershey as 
manager. Their plant is equipped with all modern methods of handling 
and storing meats and they have continued improving until it is a model 
of neatness and convenience. I. H. Hersey was born in Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania, July 30, 1865, and is a son of Jacob R. and Fannie 
(Huber) Hershey, both natives of Pennsylvania, who trace their ances- 
try back to 270 years' residence in Pennsylvania. The parents of Mr. 


Hershey reside at Lititz, Pa. The father was a successful farmer and 
is now living- retired. They were the parents of six children, as follows: 
Sabilla, married Frank Martzall, and is now a widow, residing at Lititz, 
Pa.; Jacob H., a contractor, Lititz, Pa.; I. H., the subject of this sketch; 
Susan, now deceased, was the wife of Nathan Killer; Henry, a farmer, 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, and Amos, a farmer and dealer in 
leaf tobacco, Lancaster, Pa. I. H. Hershey was educated in the public 
schools of Lancaster county and Huntington Normal College, at Hunt- 
ington, Pa. In 1887 he came west and located at Olathe, Kan. He had 
learned the meat business when a boy and upon reaching Olathe opened 
a meat market in partnership with John Martin, under the firm name 
of Martin & Hershey. This arrangement continued for two years when 
Mr. Hershey sold his interest and entered the employ of Adair, Cos- 
grove & Company, who conducted a meat market and grocery store. 
He worked for them a short time when he engaged in farming, which 
he followed about a year and then worked for Mr. Adair about a vear 
when he took charge of the meat department of the Grange store, where 
he remained until he went with, the Olathe Packing Company. Mr. 
Hershey was married April 13, 1893, to Miss Dora Huston, a native of 
Benton county. Missouri. She is a daughter of T. C. Huston, who now 
resides in Johnson county, twelve miles north of Olathe. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Hershey have been born four children : Howard, married Eleanor 
Welsh, of York, Neb., is in the employ of the Olathe Packing Company; 
Gladys ; Lloyd and Mary. Mr. Hershey is a Knights Templar Mason 
and a member of the Grand Council. He is a Republican and is a mem- 
ber of the Olathe school board, having served in that capacity for the 
past twelve years. 

William H. H. Chamberlin, a Civil war veteran, and successful farmer 
and stock raiser of Spring Hill, has been a resident of Johnson county 
for over forty-six years. He was born in Chautaucjua county, New 
York, December 23, 1840, and is a son of Hesacurah and Elizabeth 
Chamberlin. The Chamberlin family went from Chautauqua county, 
New York, to Warren county, Ohio, in 1841. Here the father followed 
farming until his death, and the mother also passed away in Warren 
county, Ohio. William H. H. Chamberlin was reared to manhood on his 
father's farm in Ohio and received a common school education. In the 
spring of 1864, he enlisted as a private in Company B, One hundred and 
forty-sixth regiment, Ohio infantry, and served in the army of the Po- 
tomac until the fall of 1864, when he was honorably discharged and 
returned to Warren county, Ohio. He followed farming there until 
1869, when he decided to go west, where greater opportunities were 
offered to an industrious young man. Accordingly he came to Kansas, 
and located near Spring Hill in Johnson county. His capital was lim- 
ited and he bought forty acres of land for twelve hundred dollars, partly 
cash, and started in farming with three or four head of cattle. While 
Mr. Chamberlin has met with some slight reverses incident to agricul- 


ture as a business, he has been, as a whole, unusually successful, and 
is one of the prosperous and influential citizens of Johnson county today. 
He owns 240 acres of land in Spring Hill township and 160 acres in 
Sheridan county, Kansas, and has various other interests in addition to 
his real estate holdings. He is a stockholder in the Farmers State Bank 
of Spring Hill, and a stockholder in the Kansas Life Insurance Company, 
and the Mijo Telephone Company. He has been very successful as a 
stock raiser and has been a very extensive cattle feeder, in which he has 
perhaps met with more success than in any other single field of endeavor. 
Mr. Chamberlin was married in February, 1870, to Miss Frances 
Wheeler, a native of Ohio, and daughter of David Wheeler. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Chamberlin have been born three children, two of them are 
living, as follows : Wheeler, resides at Roosevelt, Okla., and Alta mar- 
ried Thomas Davis, Ralph died at fourteen years of age. Mr. Cham- 
berlin is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic and is indepen- 
dent in politics. He is public spirited and always ready and willing to 
support any worthy enterprise for the improvement of his town or county. 
W. A. Nance, postor of the First Christian Church of Olathe, be 
longs to that type of men who do things. He is a force in the ministry, 
who makes himself felt and if you have never heard of W. A. Nance, 
you do not live in Olathe. He is a self-made man and has won his 
way and reached his present position by his own unaided efforts. Born 
in a log house in Webster county, Kentucky, he conceived the idea in 
early boyhood that he wanted to be a minister. He was the youngest of 
seven children and his parents were poor. All of the other children re- 
mained at home until they were of age, and when they reached their 
majority each received a horse, saddle and bridle from their father and 
started out in the world to battle with life alone. That was the custom 
in some districts of Kentucky then and perhaps is now. W. A. did not 
wait until he was of age, but began to struggle with the great problems 
of life long before that time. When eighteen years of age he bought 
his time from his father, and began to prepare himself for his life 
work. He attended the district school and took a correspondence course, 
and from the time he was eighteen until he was twenty-four he was a 
student in the Johnson Bible College, of Kimberland Heights, Tenn. 
He was a close student and worked hard, and in 1907 marticulated in 
the College of the Bible at Lexington, Ky., and after completing the 
course there entered the South Kentucky College at Hopkinsville, Ky., 
where he was graduated in the class of 191 1, and ordained at Hopkins- 
ville, the same year. His first charge consisted of two country churches, 
one at Sinking Fork and the other at Old Liberty, Christian county, 
Kentucky. He preached there for three years and on December i„ 
191 3, came to Olathe and took charge of the First Christian Church 
there. Mr. Nance was born October 1, 1881, and is a son of Isom and 
Linna (Jones) Nance. They were both natives of North Carolina and 


settled in Kentucky after the close of the war. The father was a soldier 
in the Confederate army and served with the troops of his native State, 
North Carolina. After removing to Kentucky he followed farming. He 
died in July, 1908, and his wife passed away November 2.1, 1907. W. A. 
Nance was united in marriage March 14, 1901, to Miss Lizzie, daughter 
of Gen. Thomas W. Trice, of Webster county, Kentucky. General Trice 
now resides with his eldest son at Dixon, Ky. To Mr. and Mrs. Nance 
have been born two children: Isom and Stella. Mr. Nance enters into 
his work with the spirit that gets results ; it is of the modern day kind of 
preaching. His sermons smack of the harvest field, the shop and the 
factory. He believes that the man in overalls has a soul to save as 
well as the silk stocking variety of Christians. Mr. Nance is an 
organizer, and has promoted several live organizations within his con- 
gregation since coming to Olathe that have given the work new life 
there. He organized the "Timothy Club," which has a membership of 
about 100. He has the largest young men's Bible class in the State 
of Kansas, and he has a normal or teachers' training class composed of 
thirty-seven young men and women. All the organizations of his church 
get the Nance spirit and do something. His work never ceases ; he works 
in the church, in the home and on the street. Mr. Nance is a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. 

George H. Howell, of the firm of Howell & W'ilson, general black- 
smiths, Overland Park, has been in business here since the town was. 
started. He opened his shop here in March, 1908, where he is still lo- 
cated. The firm of Howell & Wilson have a large trade which ex- 
tends for a radius of several miles around Overland Park. They are 
expert horseshoers and have many customers who come for miles for 
this class of work. Mr. Howell was born in Laporte county, Indiana,. 
October 4, 1861. He is a son of F. M. and Mary Susan (Worden) 
Howell. The father was a native of Kentucky, born near Irvin, Estill 
county. George H. Howell is one of a family of six children, the others 
being as follows: Eliza Jane, born December 8, 1865, married William 
A. Webber, a conductor on the Grand Trunk railway, resides at Battle 
Creek, Mich,; Emma Genevia, born January 3, 1867, married Anson 
Klies, who has been an employe of the Motion railroad for thirty-five 
years, resides at Westville, Ind. ; Mary Iola, born June 18, 1871, married 
William Mann, farmer, Walters, Okla. ; Elma J., born July 4, 1875, mar- 
ried Frank Hanscome, farmer, Howell county, Missouri, and Samuel 
Foster, born August 19, 1877, married Beulah Doty, Blurcoe, Iowa. 

George H. Howell attended the public schools in his native State and 
learned the blacksmith's trade, serving his apprenticeship at Westville, 
Ind. In 1884 he went to Independence, Mo., where he worked at his 
trade until 1907 when he came to Overland Park and engaged in 
business as above mentioned. Mr. Howell was united in marriage June 


5, 1900, at Westport, Mo., to Mrs. Ida May Barnes. Mrs. Howell was a 
widow and the mother of three children, as follows : Ralph Wackerhazen, 
resides in Kansas City, Mo. ; Mary, the wife of Phil E. Davis, resides in 
Kansas City, Mo., and Gladys, married John Klinglan, Kansas City, Mo. 
Mr. Howell is one of the prosperous business men of Overland Park 
and lives in one of the neat residences of the town "which he built since 
going there. He is one of the best workmen in his line to be found 
in the country and one of Johnson county's substantial citizens. 

W. T. Linn, of Overland Park, Kan., is the chief engineer for the 
Strang railway line. Mr. Linn is a native of Johnson county. He was 
born at Lenexa, April 9, 1883, and is a son of F. B. and Rosa (Earnshaw) 
Linn, the father a native of Platteville, 111., born in 1861, and the 
mother was born at Lenexa, Johnson county, and they now reside in 
Kansas City, Mo. They were the parents of three children, as follows : 
W. T., whose name introduces this sketch ; Anna, born at Lenexa, April 
21, 1886, now the wife of F. L. Guy, Oak Grove, Mo., and Julia, born at 
Lenexa, in 1895, now resides with her parents in Kansas City, Mo. W. 
T. Linn was educated in the public schools of Lenexa and the Olathe 
High School. From high school he became manager of the Interstate 
Telephone Company of Lenexa, and held that responsible position for 
three years. In 1906, he entered the employ of the Strang line as con- 
ductor and four months later became a motorman, remaining in that 
capacity for three years. He then became assistant engineer under 
Walter Kaegi, who was chief engineer. In 1912, Mr. Linn became chief 
engineer and has successfully directed the intricate machinery of that 
mammoth plant to the present time. The neat appearance of the plant 
and the never-failing motor power of the Strang line bear ample testi- 
mony of the efficiency of the master hand and ingenious brain that 
directs this monster machine. Thirty minutes is the longest period- that 
this power plant has been shut down since Mr. Linn has been connected 
with it. The power is furnished by gas engines and the two engines con- 
sume about 60,000 feet of gas per day. Mr. Linn has two assistants, one 
for night service and one for the day. Mr. Linn was united in marriage 
September 12, 1906, to Miss Sophia Scherman, of Lexena, and two chil- 
dren have been born to this union : Mildred, born July 29, 1908, and Mar- 
jorie, born January 21, 1912. Mr. Linn is one of the progressive citi- 
zens of Overland Park, and both he and his wife are well known in the 
community and have many friends. 

John Nail, a Kansas pioneer and prominent Johnson county farmer, is 
a native of North Carolina. He was born in Chatham county, in 1832, 
and is a son of John and Dorcas Nail, both natives of Chatham county, 
North Carolina, who came from that State to Tennessee and then to 
Missouri at an early date. They were the parents of ten children, as 
follows : Wesley, Thomas Carter, Orville Eastland, Sarah, Mary, Atlas, 
Lemuel, Willis, Elizabeth and John. John Nail, whose name introduces 


this sketch, was educated in private schools and in the public schools of 
Tennessee and Missouri. In 1856, he came to Kansas from Missouri 
and settled in Bourbon county, near Mapleton. He remained there about 
two years and went to Bates county, Missouri, but returned to Kansas, 
March 18, 1859, this time locating in Mission township, Johnson county, 
then Shawnee township. With his brother, Thomas, he bought a claim 
of 160 acres of school land. He then bought a claim of eighty acres from 
a Shawnee Indian named Wash White, paying him $12 per acre, and 
also purchased forty acres from a Shawnee woman named Sarah Prophet 
for $1.25 per acre. This land is now worth $200 per acre. His last pur- 
chase was forty acres from Milton McGee, of Kansas City, Mo. This 
last forty acres joins the school land which he first purchased. There 
were a great many Shawnee Indians here when Mr. Nail came and 
Graham Rodgers was the chief of the tribe. He lived where John R. 
Foster now resides, about three-fourths of a mile from Milburn station. 
Mr. Nail resided on his place through the days of the border warfare 
and the Civil war, except while he was in the service for a short time. 
He served in Company D, Thirteenth regiment, Kansas militia and was 
in camp with his company at Little Santa Fe, Olathe Mission and Shaw- 
neetown. Mr. Nail's home is on an eminence overlooking the battlefield 
of Westport, which is about two and one-half miles distant. He was 
home on the day of the battle, and saw the charges and countercharges 
and not only could hear the firing but could hear the yells of the soldiers 
as the conflict was waged. Mr. Nail was married in 1857 in Bates 
county, Missouri, to Miss Nancy J. Sells, who died in 1870. To this 
union were born nine children, two of whom are living, as follows. 
Tabitha Josephine, married Philip C. Nail and is now a widow, residing 
in Shawneetown, and Benjamin Franklin, who resides in Kansas City, 
Mo. Mr. Nail was married the second time in 1872 to Miss Susan Emma 
Mooney, at Mission, Kan. She died August 19, 1915, and is buried in 
the Nail cemetery. Six children were born to this marriage, four 
of whom are living, as follows : Robert E. Lee is married and resides at 
Oakland, Calif.; Maggie Cornelia resides at home; Susan Asenith mar- 
ried W. J. McClellan and lives on the home place, and Thomas Raymond 
resides at home. Mr. Nail is well known in Johnson county and is one 
of the substantial citizens of Mission township. Thomas Nail, who 
came to Johnson county with his brother in 1859, died December 31, 
1903, and is buried in the Nail cemetery. Orville Nail, another brother, 
lives with his younger sister, Mrs. Elizabeth Bowles, in Rosedale, Kan. 
L. L. Uhls, M. D., Overland Park, Kan. There is no doubt but that 
the institution conducted by Dr. Uhls, near Overland Park, is of more 
importance to the happiness and well being of the human family than 
any other industry or institution in Johnson county. Dr. Uhls is a 
skilled physician and a specialist in nervous diseases and has been in a 
position in connection with his professional work to gain as much ex- 


perience along that line as any other physician in the State of Kansas. 
After having served fourteen years as superintendent of the State Hos- 
pital for the Insane at Osawotamie, Dr. Uhls resigned to take up the 
special line of work in which he is now engaged. August 1, 1913, he 
came to Overland Park, purchased ten acres of land, especially selecting 
the locality most suitable for his purposes and began to arrange for 
the construction of his hospital, preferring a surburban place to one in 
the crowded city. This place fronts on Seventy-fourth Street, Kansas 
City, and the Rock road passes by the west side and the buildings are 
about two blocks from the Strang line at the Seventy-fourth Street 
station. He opened his hospital as soon as he had the first building 
completed, and since that time has been adding additional buildings 
and improving and beautifying the grounds, and in the construction of 
additional buildings he has scarcely been able to keep pace with the 
demand for more room to accommodate the ever increasing patronage 
of the place. Treatment at the hospital and sanitarium includes board 
for the patients, and every convenience for comfort and entertainment, 
is provided. Fine rest places on the spacious lawns and even automo- 
biles are provided to give the patients frequent trips for recreation. The 
main building which was first constructed is 32x60 feet, two and one- 
half stories, and the men's cottage is a 40x64 foot structure, and Dr. 
Uhls' private residence is a one and a half-story, cozy bungalow. All 
of the buildings are thoroughly modern in every particular with steam 
heat and modern lighting system and numerous bath facilities are pro- 
vided. Dr. Uhls has his own "egg plant" where he "raises fried chick- 
ens" and also has plenty of home-grown, fresh eggs for the table. So, 
taking this hospital altogether, it's an ideal arrangement for a place of 
rest and recuperation for tired nerves, under the capable care and direc- 
tion of Dr. Uhls. Notwithstanding that everything seems to be 
ideal and about as near perfection as possible, Dr. Uhls keeps right on 
improving and has many plans to improve, enlarge and beautify the 
place, which he is putting into effect as rapidly as possible. Dr. Uhls 
is a native of Illinois. He was born at Chester, March 25, 1857. His 
father, Alonzo Uhls, was a native of Tennessee and came to Illinois 
with his parents who settled at Chester at an early day. He mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Eyman, a native of Bellville, 111. They were mar- 
ried at Chester in 1851, and were the parents of the following children: 
C. F., born in 1853, is an engineer, married Miss Callie Brown and re- 
sides at Spokane, Wash.; Melissa, born in 1855, married J. E. Stewart, 
who is department commander of the Grand Army of the Republic for 
Washington and Alaska and his wife holds a similar position in the 
Women's Relief Corps and they reside in Spokane, Wash. ; Dr. C. C, 
born in 1861, married Miss Inez Nixon and they are residents of White 
City, Kan. Dr. H. A., born in 1864, married a Miss Ratliff, of Parsons, 
Kan., and they reside in Chicago, 111. ; E. E., born in 1867, resides in St. 


Louis, Mo., and Dr. L. L., the subject of this sketch. Dr. Uhls was 
reared in southern Illinois and received his literary education at Sparta, 
Randolph county. He then took up the study of medicine, taking a 
course in one of the great medical institutions of the country, Rush 
Medical College of Chicago, from which he was graduated in the class of 
1884, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He began the practice at 
White City, Morris county, Kansas, remaining there seven years. He 
then went to Geuda Springs, Sumner county, and remained there four 
years. In 1895 he became assistant physician at the Osawotamie State 
Hospital for the insane, remaining in that capacity until 1897 when he lo- 
cated at Paola, Kan., and again engaged in private practice. Two years 
later, or in 1899, he was appointed superintendent of the State Hospital 
at Osawotamie and in 1913, resigned that position and came to Overland 
Park and founded the hospital and sanitarium as above set forth. Dr. 
Uhls was married September 13, 1883, to Miss Anna E. Bean, of Ches- 
ter, 111. To Dr. and Mrs. Uhls have been born two children : Elizabeth, 
is gifted with musical ability of high order, and after graduating from 
Washburn College, Topeka, she continued her musical studies in Europe, 
taking a complete course of instruction at Berlin. She is now the wife 
of James D. Lindsay, Kansas City, Mo., and Kenneth, born Janaury 21, 
1893, was graduated from the Osawotamie High School and now a sen- 
ior in Kansas University. Dr. Uhls in addition to his busy career is 
professor of pyschiatry of the medical department of Kansas University 
and delivers a course of lectures each year at Rosedale. Dr. Uhls is one 
of the foremost physicians of Kansas and in his particular line of work 
is the equal of any in the State. He prominently affiliates with the dif- 
ferent medical fraternities and is a member of the American Medical 
Association, and was formerly a member of its house of delegates, is 
ex-president of the Kansas State Medical Society and is a member of the 
Medico-Psychological Association of America. He is a member of the 
Academy of Medicine of Kansas City, Mo. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church and he has served as a representative in 
the National Council, or General Assembly, of the Presbyterian churches 
of the United States. 

J. H. Cosgrove, postmaster of Olathe, is a native of Johnson county, 
born near Olathe, March 27, 1858. He is a son of Peter and Catherine 
(Kelley) Cosgrove, natives of Ireland, who were among the first Set- 
tlers of Johnson county, locating here in 1857 on a claim two miles 
northeast of Olathe. The father died in 1866 and the mother passed away 
in 191 2. J. H. Cosgrove received his education in the early-day schools 
of Johnson county and remained on the home farm until he was about 
twenty-seven years of age. He then engaged in buying and selling hay 
in a small way, and also handled coal. In 1885 he began his career as 
a contractor, and at the same time leasing large tracts of land and rais- 
ing hay for the market. He has met with unusual success in both these 


branches of endeavor and at the time of his appointment as postmas- 
ter of Olathe, he was the most extensive hay dealer in Johnson county, 
as well as the largest general contractor in that section of the State. 
Since that time the business of Cosgrove & Son has undergone no change 
with the exception that the junior member, Arthur P. Cosgrove, has as- 
sumed the active management. Cosgrove & Son are one of the most 
extensive employers of labor in Olathe, frequently employing as many 
as ioo men, with rarely, if ever less than twenty-five employees on their 
pay roll. They have completed some of the most extensive pavement 
contracts in eastern Kansas. In 1907-08, they paved forty-five blocks in 
Paola, Kan., this work amounting to over $120,000. Am ( ong some of 
their most important concrete work in recent years might be mentioned 
the waterworks dam at Olathe, which is one of the largest and most 
important pieces of concrete work in that section of the State. In addi- 
tion to their other varied interests, Cosgrove & Son have practically the 
entire transfer business of Olathe and conducted the exclusive ice busi- 
ness there until within the last few months. Mr. Cosgrove was united 
in marriage, February 15, 1886, to Miss Clara V. Ryan, of Olathe, and 
to this union has been born one child, Arthur P., the junior member of 
the firm of Cosgrove & Son. Mr. Cosgrove is a Democrat, and since 
reaching manhood has been actively interested in the welfare of his 
party. He has taken an active part in the local Democratic organization 
and has served as chairman of the Democratic county central committee. 
He has served one term as a member of the city council. On March 24, 
191 5, he was appointed postmaster of Olathe by President Wilson, and 
is now giving his best endeavor to the conduct of that responsible office, 
with the same degree of efficiency that has characterized his private 

William Henry Harrison is one of the most progressive and prosper- 
ous farmer of Aubry township. Mr. Harrison is a native of Missouri, 
born February 26, i860, near Weston, Platte county. He is a son of 
Thomas T. and Ruth (Robbins) Harrison, the former a native of Ken- 
tucky and the latter of West Virginia. Thomas T. Harrison was a son 
of William V. Harrison, who had two brothers : Veach and John. John 
settled in Indiana and Veach in Illinois. William V. Harrison settled 
in Platte county, Missouri, in 1848. Thomas T. Harrison was reared 
in Platte county, remaining- there until 1866, when he came to Kan- 
sas and located two miles east of Stilwell. He bought 160 acres 
of land, engaged in farming and prospered ; he died in 1900. To Thomas 
T. and Ruth (Robbins) Harrison were born seven children as follows : 
William Henry, the subject of this sketch; Ada Oakley, Albuquerque, 
N. M. ; Lee Reeves, Galveston, Tex. ; Kathryn Walley, Sheridan, Wy. ; 
Sarah Patterson, Kansas City, Mo. ; George, Kansas City, Mo. ; Arthur, 
Anthony, Kan. Mr. Harrison married Miss Martha A Taylor in 1876, 
and they had five children as follows : Dora Stark, Washington ; Ore, 


Canada ; Ira, Belton, Mo. ; Omer, Utah ; and Walter, San Francisco, Cal. 
William Henry Harrison was six years of age when his parents settled 
in Johnson county. He remained on the home place until 1883 when he 
rented land in Aubry township and followed farming for fifteen years. 
His wife, Mrs. Margaret (Conboy) Harrison, inherited 160 acres of land, 
which they still own. He moved to Olathe in 1904 and in 1910 bought 
his present place of 120 acres, making- 280 acres in all, where he carries 
on general farming and stock raising and is recognized as one of the 
most progressive farmers of Johnson county. Mr. Harrison was mar- 
ried in May, 1885, to Miss Margaret Conboy, of Aubry, Kan. She was 
born in Westport, Mo., in 1862. She is the daughter of Philip Conboy, a 
native of Ireland and an early settler in Aubry township, where he came 
in 1868. To Mr. and Mrs. Harrison have been born three children: Ruth, 
Leo, at home, and Mabel, who resides at home and is a teacher. Mr. 
Harrison is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and is a 

J. F. Hannon, of Olathe, has been a resident of Kansas since 1881 and 
is one of Johnson county's most progressive citizens. He is a native of 
New Jersey, born in Deerfield township, Cumberland county, November 
5, 1839, and is a son of George F. and Mary Ann (Cake) ) Hannon, na- 
tives of New Jersey. They were the parents of fifteen children, as fol- 
lows : David F., Hannah Moore, Susan, Elizabeth, George W., Sarah, 
Lydia, Margaret, Amos, William. James. John F.. the subject of this 
sketch, and two children who died in infancy, and one died at the age of 
six years. John F., Hannon was reared in his native State and received 
a good common school education. At the age of twenty-one he began 
life as a farmer in New Jersey, following that occupation there until 
1881, when he came to Kansas and located on a farm two miles west of 
Olathe. He purchased that place at $40 per acre and two years later 
sold it at a fair profit, and then farmed in various places in Johnson 
and Miami counties for a time and later bought 170 acres west of Olathe. 
He was successfully engaged in farming there until 1900, when he sold 
out and removed to Olathe, where he has since been engaged in the 
stock business, and is now in partnership with one of his sons, and the 
business is being conducted under the name of Hannon & Son. They are 
among the most extensive cattle and hog breeders in Johnson county 
and do a large business. Their place is well equipped with a large stock 
barn, with all modern methods and conveniences for handling cattle and 
hogs. Mr. Hannon has been twice married, his first wife being Miss 
Susanna Johnson, a native of Salem county, New Jersey, who died 
eleven months after her marriage. Mr. Hannon's second wife bore the 
maiden name, Mary Caster, and was a native of New Jersey. Eight 
children were born to the second marriage, as follows : Julia Frances, 
died in infancy; Jennie B., married James Heider and lives near Ottawa, 
Kan.; George F. married Miss W r illa Wilcox and resides in Olathe; 


Jacob C, unmarried, resides in Kansas City, Mo. ; David N. married 
Grace Crook and lives in Franklin county, Kansas ; Archie, died at the age 
of twenty-four years and his remains rest in the Olathe cemetery; Win- 
field A. married Lillie Erwin and resides in Olathe, and John married 
Rosa Hoover and lives at Lenexa. The wife and mother of these chil- 
dren died in New Jersey in 1881 and her remains are buried in Deerfield 
cemetery, Cumberland county. Mr. Hannon has practically made his 
own way since early boyhood and what success he has attained is due 
to his own industry and unaided efforts. He came from the far East, 
made a wise selection for his future home and has made good. 

Miss Fern Jessup, who conducts a drug store and ice cream parlor 
at Overland Park, is a representative of the successful business women of 
the twentieth century. Miss Jessup is a native of the Sunflower State. 
She was born at Rosedale and is a daughter of Joseph B. and Asenath 
(Johnson) Jessup, the former a native of Henry county, Indiana, and the 
latter a native of Illinois and a pioneer of Johnson county. Joseph B. 
Jessup came to Johnson county, Kansas, in 1868 and bought eighty 
acres formerly belonging to the Baptist mission. He married Asenath 
E. Johnson in 1876, the ceremony taking place at the residence of D. B. 
Johnson, a brother of the bride and a Johnson county pioneer. Joseph 
D. Jessup died at his residence at Antioch, Kan., June 24, 191 5. Joseph 
B. and Asenath E. (Johnson) Jessup were the parents of three children, 
as follows : Ralph Jessup married Delia Rippee, of Mansfield, Mo., and 
they now reside on the home place at Antioch ; Earl married Lennie 
Van Bibber, of Shawnee, Kan., and they also reside on the home place 
at Antioch, and Fern, whose name introduces this sketch. Miss Fern 
Jessup attended the common schools in District No. 61, and Hickory 
Grove School No. 40. After completing the public schools, she entered 
the Manhattan Agricultural College and took a five years' course. 
After graduating from that institution she spent about two years at 
home with her parents. In 1914 she purchased the drugstore at Over- 
land Park, from Dr. J. H. Stough, which she has since conducted. By 
her courteous manner and close attention to business, Miss Jessup has 
built up a profitable and permanent business and has proven herself to 
be a successful business woman. Mrs. Asenath Jessup, mother of Fern 
Jessup, came to Kansas in 1859. Her sister, Mrs. Anna Sloman, was ma- 
tron at the Quaker Mission from i860 to 1863, while Mr. Stanley was at 
the head of the school. 

A. G. Carpenter, a Civil war veteran and Kansas pioneer, has been 
a dominant factor in the development of Johnson county for fifty years. 
He was born at Indiana, Pa., December 16, 1831, and is a son of Ephraim 
and Elizabeth (Shryhock) Carpenter, the former a native of Vermont 
and the latter of Pennsylvania. Ephraim Carpenter was a son of 
James Carpenter, who was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. He 
served three enlistments and was with Washington at Yorktown when 


Cornwallis surrendered. On the maternal side Mr. Carpenter had a 
great uncle who was also a soldier in the Revolutionary war. Ephraim 
Carpenter was an attorney and practiced his profession at Indiana, Pa., 
until the time of his death in i860, at the age of seventy-two. The 
mother died at the age of sixty-eight. They were the parents of eleven 
children, five girls and six boys, three of whom are now living, as 
follows: A. G., the subject of this sketch; Ephraim, Dodge City, 
Kan. ; and John, Chanute. A. G. Carpenter was reared in his native 
Pennsylvania town, educated in the public schools and the Indiana 
Academy. He studied civil engineering and his first professional work 
was on the construction of the Indiana branch of the Pennsylvania 
railroad, where he was engaged two years. He then taught school 
two years in Indiana county and went to Mt. Vernon, Ohio, where 
he remained about a year. He then went to Dubuque, Iowa, where 
he was employed as contractor on the construction of the Dubuque 
and Sioux City railroad and was also employed by the same company 
in construction work at Freeport, 111. After that he was engaged on 
the preliminary survey on a railroad from Portage City to Madison, 
Wis., and in 1857 came to Kansas, locating near Geneva, Allen county. 
He was engaged in surveying in that section and while there served 
as county surveyor of Allen county two terms. He made the plat of 
the original townsite of Iola and was a member of the townsite com- 
pany. When the Civil war broke out he enlisted in Company A, known 
as the "Iola Battalion," and he later was assigned to Company D, 
Ninth regiment, Kansas cavalry. He saw service among hostile In- 
dians and in the fall of '62 his regiment did considerable scout duty 
in Missouri. They operated for a time as an escort for army trains 
in Arkansas and most of their service was along the border between 
Kansas and Missouri. Mr. Carpenter's opinion is, that on account 
of political or personal differences between the officers of his regiment 
and General Lane, that the regiment was discriminated against on 
many occasions and such conditions were not only true of the Ninth 
Kansas but there are many other like instances that occurred during 
the Civil war which does not appear on the records. During the 
Lawrence raid. Mr. Carpenter's company was stationed at Oxford and 
he possessed much information about that affair and others, that was 
not generally known. His regiment was stationed at Pleasant Hill, 
Mo., for a time, also at Lawrence and later sent to Ft. Smith, Ark., 
and from there to Little Rock where it served under General Steele. 
They were on the Red river expedition and at Duval's Bluff. He 
was mustered out of service in 1864 and returned to Allen county 
where he remained a short time, coming to Johnson county that year 
and in 1866 bought a farm in Shawnee township. He later sold that 
place and bought another west of Martin City, Mo., a part of the place 
being located in Missouri and a part in Kansas. He followed farming 



there until 1880 when he located in Olathe, where he has since resided 
but still owns his farm which consists of 370 acres of some of the 
best land in eastern Kansas. Mr. Carpenter has served three terms 
as county surveyor of Johnson county and was city engineer of Olathe 
for a number of years and served two terms as county treasurer of 
Johnson county. Politically he is a Republican, but, generously, gives 
the Democrats credit for his second election to the office of county 
treasurer. Mr. Carpenter has been twice married, his first wife being 
Margaret T. Duncan, of Jackson county, Missouri, to whom he was 
married March 1, 1865. One son was born to this union, John C, 
who lives near Houston, Texas. The wife and mother died January 
17, 1870, and Mr. Carpenter's second wife bore the maiden name of 
Mary A. Freeman, a native of London, Ohio, and a pioneer Johnson 
county school teacher. They have one child, Margaret, who married 
C. C. Cammann, and they reside at Olathe. Mr. Carpenter is perhaps 
the oldest Mason in Johnson county, having been made a Mason at 
Greensburg, Pa., in 1853. He is a member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, Franklin Post, No. 68, and is one of the grand old men of 
Johnson county. 

Thomas Wilson James, a prominent farmer of Mission township, has 
had more experience in various parts of the western country, beginning 
with the pioneer days, than is usually crowded within the limits of 
one man's life-time. He was born in Muskingum county, Ohio, August 
5, 1851, and is a son of Thomas and Barberie A. (Barrow) James, 
natives of Ohio. They were married in Coshocton county, March 1, 
1847, an d were the parents of five children, as follows : Charles 
William, born April 21, 1848, died June 30, 1884; Mary Jane, born 
July 12, 1849, married Henry Coppock and died April 21, 1895; Thomas 
W., the subject of this sketch; Howard Marshall, born November 15, 
1853, died January 29, 1864; and Ida Belle, born September 28, 1861. 
They were all born in Ohio except Ida Belle, who was born in Johnson 
county, Kansas. The family came to Kansas in 1858, located in 
Shawnee township, Johnson county, where the parents spent their 
lives. Thomas Wilson James attended the public schools and later 
attended school at Lawrence, Kan., and Kansas City, Mo., and then 
entered Iva College at Ottumwa, Iowa. In 1867, when he was sixteen 
years old, he drove a six-yoke ox team across the plain from Kansas 
City, Mo., to Fort Union, New Mexico, and from there back to Fort 
Ellsworth, Kan. Lewis Breyfogle was wagon boss and he and Thomas 
James, Sr., were partners. After he had attended college at Ottumwa 
he went to Portland, Ore., and spent one winter, when he returned 
by way of San Francisco and the Great Salt Lake. He then spent 
three years, from 1871 to 1874, on a ranch near Grenada, Colo. He then 
returned to Johnson county and followed farming on Indian creek one 
season. The next year he went to Walla Walla, Wash., and from 


there to southeastern Oregon, From there he went to Deadwood, 
S. D., and after spending one winter in that State he went to Aubu- 
querque, N. M. He took up a claim there and established a trading 
post near the Navajo Indian reservation. After remaining there sev- 
eral years he disposed of his interests and went to southwestern Okla- 
homa and bought a ranch. Here he was engaged in the horse and 
cattle business about fifteen years and after his parents died, he re- 
turned to the old home in Mission township in 1909. His father died, 
April 29, 1902, and the mother passed away November 25, 1905. Mr. 
James follows general farming and stock raising and is one of the 
progressive farmers of Johnson county. The old James home where 
he resides is one of the historic landmarks of Johnson county. The 
residence, a commodious brick structure, was built by the father in 1858 
and apparently is in as good condition today as the day it was built. 
Many trees adorn the old place, some that were set out over fifty years 
ago. Mr. James was married in 1900 to Mrs. Katie Finch, a widow, 
residing in Oklahoma. 

William M. Sitterman, one of the most extensive farmers and stock- 
men in Johnson county, resides on his well kept ranch in Shawnee 
township, where he carries on general farming and also raises horses 
and cattle on a large scale. He makes a specialty of breeding Percheron 
horses, and perhaps is the most successful breeder of this excellent type 
of horses in the county. xA.t this writing he has seventeen head of 
horses on his place and has sold fourteen during the past year. Mr. 
Sitterman is also an extensive cattle feeder and this feature of the 
stock business has been very profitable to him. Besides his Shawnee 
township farm of 413 acres, he owns 812 acres of fine wheat land in 
western Kansas and 600 acres in Oklahoma, which is mostly devoted 
to raising hay. He also owns considerable property in Kansas City, 
Kan. Mr. Sitterman was born in Franklin county, Missouri, Decem- 
ber 30, 1843, a son °f Casper and Katrina Sitterman, natives of Ger- 
many. The parents immigrated to America in 1841 after their 
marriage. William M. Sitterman spent his boyhood days on the home 
farm in Missouri. He was a boy, considerably under age, when the 
Civil war broke out, but he was a strong Union man and even though 
a boy, his convictions were deep seated and realizing that his first 
obligation was to his country, he enlisted in October, 1861, and served 
in the fourth regiment, Missouri infantry, and served in that organiza- 
tion until the spring of 1864, when he came to Kansas, and after 
coming to this State served in the Kansas State Militia. Mr. Sitterman 
first located in Wyandotte county in March, 1864. He worked on a 
farm there for a time and the same year came to Johnson county and 
worked at the carpenter's trade for a time and during the winter of 
1865 he was engaged in cutting timber, hauling logs, etc. He bought 
his first land in Kansas in 1864, but sold it later and came to his 


present place in 1875. He had his ups and downs like other pioneers 
of the early days in Kansas. He met with temporary reverses like 
the effect from grasshoppers, drougtit and crop failures, but he was 
made of the kind of material of which the great West is built, and 
was not to be discouraged by temporary obstacles and finally success 
came to him and for a number of years he has been one of the leading 
factors of Johnson county. Mr. Sitterman was married November 
12, 1867, to Miss Margaret Legler, a daughter of Adam Legler, a 
Johnson county pioneer. To Mr. and Mrs. Sitterman have been born 
three children, as follows : Louis W. and Frank Herbert, successful 
farmers in Shawnee township, and Ida, married George Benz, of Over- 
land Park. Mr. Sitterman is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, of which he is steward and a trustee. Politically he is a Repub- 
lican and has served as a member of the school board of his district 
for a number of years. 

Henry Wedd, of Lenexa, Kan., is the oldest man in Johnson county 
and for fifty-eight years has been an important factor in the develop- 
ment of this section of Kansas. Notwithstanding his ninety-four years, 
he is still active in the business world, but of course he is not chasing 
the nimble dollar with the alacrity that he could forty years ago, yet 
he transacts considerable business and looks after many of the details 
of his private affairs. Mr. Wedd is a native of England, born in Essex 
county, September 15, 1821. He is a son of Benjamin W r edd, of Essex 
county, and Mary Chater, of Lestershire. Mr. Wedd is a direct de- 
scendant of King Henry VII, of England, and traces his lineage back 
through the centuries to that royal personage by duly authenticated 
records, as shown by the following genealogical synopsis : Henry VII, 
King of England, married Princess Elizabeth Plantagenet, daughter 
of King Edward IV. Louis XII, King of France, married Princess 
Mary Tudor. Henry Clifford, Second Earl of Cumberland, married Lady 
Eleanor Brandon. Henry Stanley, Fourth Earl of Derby, married Lady 
Margaret Clifford. Ferdinand Stanley, Fifth Earl of Derby, married 
Alice, the sixth daughter of Sir John Spencer, of Altoype. Grey 
Burges, Fifth Lord Chandas, married Lady Anne Stanley. Thomas 
Pryde, son and heir of Sir Thomas Pryde, married Lady Rebecca 
Binges. Rev. William Sherwin-Lerpiner, of Braddick, married Pryde, 
only daughter of Thomas Pryde. Rev. John Cruckanthary, rector of 
Fordmen, married Margaret Sherman. Nathaniel Cruckanthary mar- 
ried Miss Roy Marr. Benjamin Cruckenthorpe, married Catherine, 
daughter of Rev. J. Smith, rector of St. James, Colchester, Essex 
county. Charles Cruckenthorpe, married Jane, youngest daughter of 
Henry Churchill, of Churchill, Oxford county. Rev. Charles Churchill 
Cruckenthorpe, married Maria, daughter of Robert Spencer, of Bridge- 
water Square. Benjamin Wedd, of Fordmen, married Hester Crucken- 
thorpe. Benjamin Wedd, Second, of Fordmen, born October 10, 1708, 


married, May 17, 1757, Mary, daughter of Thomas Inkersoler, of 
Spaulding, County Lincoln. Elizabeth Cruckenthorpe, daughter of 
Samuel, married Benjamin Wedd, who was born February 27, 1754. 
Benjamin Wedd, of Latchington, County Essex, born September 
2 5- l 777- died December 3, 1844; married Mary, daughter of Na- 
than Chater, of Market Harbor, County Lester. She was born 
May 14, 1784, married Benjamin Wedd Augus 18, 1808,. and died 
February 4, 1852, and the following children, of whom Henry 
Wedd, the subject of this sketch, were born to this union. Benjamin, 
of Rochester, N. Y., William, Mathew, John, Mary, Elizabeth, Henry, 
the subject of this sketch, and Anne. The above mentioned mem- 
bers of the family were all born in England and came to America in 
1833, and the father and mother located at Rochester, N. Y., where 
their sons, Benjamin and John, were engaged in the hardware busi- 
ness. Henry Wedd remained in Xew York State until 1857, when on 
account of business reverses, he lost everything he had. He then 
decided to go west and start life over, and in the spring of 1858 came 
to Kansas and located at Bellevue, Johnson county. He worked for 
Calvin McCoy for a time, who fitted him out with a team and some 
farm implements and started him to work on a 700-acre farm. Mr. 
W T edd operated this on shares for Mr. McCoy for three years. He then 
went to Douglass county and preempted 100 acres of Government land. 
He also bought 120 acres of land in Johnson county from a Shawnee 
Indian and still owns a part of that 120 acres. He worked hard and 
met with a fair degree of success and when some Indian in the neigh- 
borhood needed money and wanted to sell his land, Mr. Wedd was 
generally ready to accommodate him and finally bought a 500-acre 
tract, which was all the Indian land left in that vicinity for which he 
paid ten dollars per acre. He also bought 160 acres from Robert 
Moody, the farm upon which his son now lives. Mr. Wedd now 
owns 560 acres of some of the most valuable land in northeastern 
Johnson county, and this means that it is very valuable, being located 
almost within the residence radius of Kansas City. He also owns two 
fine residence properties in Lenexa and has resided in one of them 
since 1910, when he left the farm. Mr. Wedd was married July 3, 
1846, to Miss Lucy Jane Converse. She was born in Jefferson county, 
New York, June 21, 1828, and died in Johnson county, Kansas, Decem- 
ber 1, 1908. She was a daughter of Daniel Converse and when she 
was seven years old her parents removed to Erie county, New York, 
and four years later to Monroe county, that State. To Henry Wedd 
and wife were born the following children: Henry, Jr., farmer, 
Lenexa, married Inez Evelyn Cowdrick and they have one child, 
Nettie May. Charles, agent for the Strang line at Lenexa, married Ida 
A. Armstrong and they have four children, Mable Ethel, Ray Arm- 
strong, Harold Charles and Eugene Wallace. Lucy Jane, deceased, 


was the wife of Foster Duncan, also deceased, and left three children, 
Mary Effie, Etta Mabel, Bertha Emma. George' resides at Spring 
Hill, a personal sketch of whom appears in this volume. Mary Marie 
married Jabez F. Bradshaw, of Lenexa; Ida Maybelle, deceased; Wil- 
lard James, farmer in Cass county, Missouri; Albert Edward, on his 
father's farm, married Frances C. Tease and they have two children : 
Grace and Helen, and Elizabeth married Wesley Tease, of Miami 
county, and they have one child, William; Henry. Mr. Wedd has had 
a very successful business career and today is one of the wealthy men 
of Johnson county, besides having reared a large family and assisted 
them in getting a start in the world. He has four sons, each of whom 
is worth over $20,000. Mr. W T edd endured the many hardships and 
uncertainties of life on the border in the early days. He was a strong 
Union man and was frequently a victim of the bushwhacker devasta- 
tions. At one time a team of mules was stolen from him by a band of 
bushwhacker brigands who took them to Lawrence and then Leaven- 
worth, Kan., but Colonel Lyon of the Ninth Kansas regiment, who 
was a friend of Mr. Wedd, sent a detail of soldiers to Leavenworth 
and recovered the mules, after considerable difficulty. His house was 
raided several times. On one occasion a party of bushwhackers sur- 
rounded him and demanded his money and this time he was covered 
by fourteen revolvers when the captain of the band rode up and ordered 
his release. At another time the bushwhackers called at his house 
to kill him, but he was fortunate enough to be away from home. Mr. 
Wedd is a remarkably well preserved man for his age and he attributes 
his longevity to a temperate life, although living in an age when drink- 
ing was not unpopular, he never used intoxicants in any form 
Neither has he ever indulged in the use of tobacco and in this respect 
his sons are following in his footsteps. None of them use liquor nor 
tobacco. Mr. Weed is a Republican but has never aspired to hold 
political office, although in the early days he served as constable for 
a time. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. He has 
lived a straight, upright life and is of that high type of citizenship 
that insures stability to our form of government. He might very 
appropriately be called the dean of Johnson county. 

W. F. Burke, a successful fruit grower of Mission township, belongs 
to one of the representative pioneer families of Johnson county. He 
was born in Dubuque, Iowa, July 17, 1855, an d was only two years 
old when his parents settled in Johnson county. He is a son of M. J. 
and Catherine (Martin) Burke, both natives of Ireland, the former of 
the city of Dublin, and the latter of County Antrim. M. J. Burke 
was a very highly educated man, being a graduate of Trinity College, 
Dublin. He was born about 1810 and his wife was ten years his junior. 
M. J. Burke came to America in 1848 and located at Dubuque where 
he met and married Catherine Martin, about 1850. For the next eight 


years /he was in the employ of the Government as a civil engineer in 
the vicinity of Dubuque, Iowa, and in the fall of 1858 came to Kansas 
City, Kan., with his family and spent the winter there. In the spring 
of 1859 he came to Johnson county and shortly afterwards bought a 
quarter section of school land in Shawnee township for which he paid 
$11 per acre, near where Elmhurst is now located. The Santa Fe 
Trail passed through the northern part of the place. The father built 
a log house which was the family residence for about twenty years. 
The location of the Burke home on the Santa Fe Trail was a convenient 
stopping place for the many travelers over that famous highway in 
the early days, and during the stormy days of the Civil war many 
soldiers, bushwhackers and others sought accommodation at the Burke 
home. They kept everybody who wanted to stay over night, regard- 
less of which side of the conflict they were in sympathy with. Many 
interesting incidents took place during that period of tense excitement. 
Mrs. Burke, the mother, related that one night, two men came along 
and, as was the custom, asked if they could get accommodations for 
the night. She told them they could if they would sleep on the floor. 
They said that was satisfactory and when bed time came she furnished 
them pillows upon which to rest their heads and when they proceeded 
to retire they unbuckled their belts and placed their revolvers under 
the pillows. At this juncture Mrs. Burke offered to take care of their 
revolvers, saying that she would place them in a bureau drawer where 
they would be safe. One of the visitors said, "No, thank you. We 
will keep them where they will be handy for we may need them 
before morning." The next morning at daylight a detail of about 
thirty men rode up to the door and leading with them two saddled 
horses. The two men mounted the horses and they rode away- Mrs. 
Burke afterwards learned that one of the men was Ouantrill, the 
famous guerilla chief. At another time some men were about to take 
their only team of horses and Mrs. Burke remonstrated with them and 
they finally went their way without taking the horses. The Burke 
family endured many hardships during their first few years in Kansas 
but were never discouraged and always maintained their faith in the 
future of the new country. The father followed his profession a great 
deal and did much surveying. He surveyed for the Santa Fe railroad 
from Lawrence to Kansas City via Olathe and also surveyed a State 
road when the question of its exact location was in doubt. He was 
one of the pioneer surveyors of Johnson county and was elected county 
surveyor in 1868. W. F. Burke was one of a family of six children, as 
follows: W. F., the subject of this sketch; Mary Laura, born in Iowa, 
married J. W. Buckley, of Mission township, and is now deceased; 
Joseph, born in Shawnee township, died at the age of thirty-two, unmar- 
ried ; Anna, born in Shawnee township, married Albert Nelson in 1904 
and now resides on the home place ; Veronica, born in Shawnee; town- 


ship, married Robert Noll, of Mission township, and now resides in Cali- 
fornia; and Christina, born in Shawnee township, married Timothy 
Hare, and lives on a farm adjoining the home place. W. F. Burke 
attended the public school in district No. 38 at Pleasant Prairie. This 
was one of the first schools in Johnson county. The Doherty children, 
Shawnee Indians, attended the same school. Mr. Burke has made 
farming the principal occupation of his life and in recent years has 
devoted himself more particularly to fruit culture. He has a farm 
of forty acres, well adapted to fruit raising, located at Elmhurst and he 
is quite an extensive peach grower. In 1901 he sold 3,400 pecks of 
peaches which were the product of 500 trees. He is one of the suc- 
cessful fruit men of Johnson county and has prospered in that venture. 
Mr. Burke was married in 1889 at Quincy, 111., to Miss Mary Hare r 
of that place. They have six children, as follows : Loretta, a successful 
Johnson county teacher, Catherine, Edmond, William, James and Mary,, 
all residing at home. 

Miss Jennie Rose, the capable and efficient clerk of the district 
court 1 of Johnson county, is a typical representative of the progressive 
women of Kansas, who are doing things in the political and industrial 
world. Miss Rose is a native daughter of Johnson county and her 
parents, W. M. and Martha L. (Lewellyn) Rose are natives of Illinois 
and Iowa, respectively, and early settlers in Johnson county. The 
mother, Martha L. Lewellyn is a daughter of T. J. Lewellyn, who> 
settled in Johnson county in the early sixties. Mr. and Mrs. Rose- 
now reside in Olathe. Miss Rose was educated in the district schools,, 
attending No. 14, and later attended the Ottawa High School. She 
then entered Ottawa University and was graduated from that institu- 
tion, and after completing a general course there took a course in the 
commercial department. She then engaged in stenographic work in 
Kansas City, Mo., and from there came to Olathe and engaged in 
public stenographic work and did mostly law work and some court 
reporting. She then served as deputy clerk of the district court, and 
in the fall of 1914 received the nomination for clerk in the district 
court on the Republican ticket, and was elected by a very satisfac- 
tory majority. She is a member of the Baptist church and her genial 
manner and inclination to serve the public faithfully and efficiently 
has made her many friends. 

William P. Haskin, a Johnson county pioneer and a successful farmer 
now living retired in Olathe township, was born in St. Clair county, 
Michigan, September 20, 1835. He is a son of Harley and Mary (Pen- 
nock) Haskin, the 'former a native of Vermont, born in 1801, and the 
latter of New York, born May 9, 181 1. Harley Haskin was the son 
of Richard Haskin, native of Londonderry, Ireland, who immigrated 
to America in 1865 and settled at Middletown, Vt. He died in 1850. 
Richard Haskin served in the Revolutionary war and also had a brother, 


Harvey, who served in that war. They were with the "Green Mountain 
Boys," who were commanded by General Stark, at the battle of Ben- 
nington. Harley Haskin, the father of William P., went to Michigan 
when a young- man and was married there. In the spring of 1836 he 
moved to Lake county, Indiana, where he was frozen to death on 
"Twenty Mile Prairie" while returning to his home after a day's work, 
December 24, 1836. The mother and William P., then a baby, were 
left alone in the world and she later married Elkanah Haskins and 
they moved to Lee county, Iowa, and William P., the subject of this 
sketch, remembers being where the city of Keokuk, Iowa, now stands,, 
when the Indians were the only inhabitants of that place. The family 
settled on some Indian land along the bluffs of the Mississippi river. 
There was some question about the title to the land but the Haskins 
family remained there for some considerable time. In 1846 they returned 
to Indiana and located in porter county. William P. Haskin lived in 
Porter and Laporte counties, Indiana, until 1865, when he came to 
Kansas and settled in Olathe township, Johnson county, on the place 
where he now resides. The following year after coming to Kansas, 
he went back to Vermont but remained only a few weeks when he 
returned to Kansas and settled on the 160 acres of land in Olathe town- 
ship which he bought September 26, 1865, for which he paid only $500, 
but even at that price Mr. Haskin says that it required more effort 
to pay for it on account of the scarcity of money than it would to 
pay for it at its present valuation. Mr. Haskin bought this land from 
James A. Crawford, of Staunton, Va. Mr. Haskins made a success in 
general farming and stock raising. He retired a few years ago and 
divided most of his property between his children. However, he has re- 
tained enough of the world's goods to easily keep the wolf from the ga- 
rage. Mr. Haskin was married February 25, 1869, to Miss Diana Brush,, 
of Laporte county, Indiana. She was born in Clinton township, that 
county, January 31, 1845, an d is a daughter of Samuel R. and Sarah 
Cora Brush, natives of Pennsylvania and early settlers in Indiana. To 
William P. and Diana (Brush) Haskin have been born the following 
children : Diana Keyes, a teacher in the Kansas City schools ; Samuel 
Brush, a banker of Shawnee township; and E. H., a personal sketch 
of whom appears in this volume. Mr. Haskin is a Republican and since 
casting his first vote for John C. Fremont in 1856, he has missed only 
one Presidential election. He is a member of the Masonic lodge and 
the Grange. He also joined the I. O. of G. T. in 1859, and was Deputy 
D. G. W. C. T. in Indiana, and has never violated the obligation. The 
marriage license of Mr. and Mrs. Haskin, issued February 25, 1869, 
has a prominent place on the wall of the sitting room and is enclosed 
in a neat frame. 

G. P. Smith, a Civil war veteran and now living retired after a suc- 
cessful career of activity, resides at Spring Hill. He was born in Wash- 
ington county, Ohio, April 3, 1836, and is a son of C. C. and Orilla 


(Davis) Smith, natives of Ohio. The father was a son of Stephen and 
Matilda (Stone) Smith, natives of Massachusetts, the latter being a 
daughter of Benjamin Franklin Stone, a pioneer surveyor in Illinois, 
who was an early day horticulturist and was the first man to develop 
the modern tomato, by a series of experiments. It was generally thought 
at that time that the tomato was poisonous, but through his efforts it 
was introduced as a useful article of food. Benjamin Franklin Stone 
came from Rutland, Mass., to Ohio at an early day with his family and 
settled near Marietta and was the first county surveyor of Washington 
county, Ohio, and held that position until he was over eighty years of 
age. He died at the age of ninety-two, a prominent and highly respected 
citizen of Washington county. Orilla Davis, the mother of G. P. Smith, 
was the daughter of F. L. and Lucy Davis, pioneers of Ohio. C. C. 
Smith, father of G. P., the subject of this sketch, was born in Ohio in 
181 1 and died in Washington county, that State, in 1888. G. P. Smith, 
whose name introduces this sketch, was the oldest of a family of seven 
children. He grew to manhood in Washington county, Ohio, and 
attended the public schools. He was engaged in the peaceful occupa- 
tion of farming until August n, 1862, when he enlisted in Company A, 
Thirty-sixth regiment, Ohio infantry, and during his term of service 
participated in some of the hardest fought battles of the war, including 
South Mountain, Antietam, Fort Donelson, Missionary Ridge, Mur- 
freesboro, Hoover's Gap, Chickamauga, Rossville, Chattanooga, Brown's 
Ferry, Lookout Mountain, Salt Pond Mountain and Ceder Creek, where 
Sheridan turned defeat into victory. At the close of the war he was 
mustered out of service at Cumberland, Md., June 2j< 1865. He 
returned to his Washington county home and on April 3, 1867, was 
united in marriage to Miss A. H. Wolcottj a daughter of Elias and 
Lorena (Stacey) Wolcott, both natives of Massachusetts, of English 
descent, and early settlers in Ohio. In 1880, G. P. Smith and family 
removed to Kansas and located in Miami county and now resides at 
Spring Hill. To Mr. and Mrs. Smith have been born five children, 
all born in Ohio ; Orril, a graduate of the Eclectic School of Medicine, 
Lincoln, Neb., and the osteopathic school of Wichita, Kan. She is also 
a talented musician and an artist. She is now practising medicine at 
Wichita ; Grant resides in the State of Washington ; Wilbur, Okla- 
homa; Mary married Will Haeberle, Rosedale, Kan.; and Lucy mar- 
ried Dean Marks, Morse, Kan. Politically Mr. Smith is a Republican 
and cast his first vote for Abraham Lincoln, in i860. He is a member 
of the Masonic lodge and the Grand Army of the Republic. 

George Mower, a leading contractor and builder of Spring Hill, is a 
native of the Buckeye State. He was born in Wayne county, Ohio, 
May 3, 1846, and is a son of George and Lydia (Hershey) Mower. 
George Mower, the father, was a native of Franklin county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and was one of the early settlers of Wayne county, Ohio. He 


was a successful man of his day and became wealthy and one of the 
prominent men of northern Ohio. He died in 1862. His wife, Lydia 
Hershey, was a daughter of Abraham Hershey, a pioneer of Stark 
county, Ohio. George Mower, whose name introduces this review, was 
one of a family of seven children. He grew to manhood, surrounded 
by the pioneer conditions of Wayne county, Ohio, under conditions that' 
develop resourcefulness and self-reliance. His preliminary education 
was obtained in a pioneer log school house. When the Civil war came 
on he was a mere boy, only fifteen years of age, but even at that early 
age he enlisted in the Ohio State militia, but was too young to enter the 
regular service. However, two years later, when he was seventeen 
years old, he enlisted as a private in Company D, One hundred and 
Sixty-ninth regiment, Ohio infantry, and was mustered into service at 
Cleveland, Ohio, in the spring of 1864. His regiment was immediately 
sent to Arlington Heights, near Washington, D. C, to relieve a Penn- 
sylvania regiment that had been stationed there for two years and nine 
months. After four months' and four days' service, they were returned 
to Cleveland and were mustered out. At the close of the war he 
returned to school and received a good education. He was married in 
1870 and removed to Marshallville, Ohio, where he took up carpenter 
work and thoroughly mastered that trade, and for a time worked in the 
capacity of foreman there when he engaged in contracting and build- 
ing, and during his career as a builder there he erected some of the 
finest residences in that city. In 1884 he came to Kansas with his fam- 
ily and located at Spring Hill and for five years was engaged in farming 
and also followed contracting, and since 1889 has devoted himself 
entirely to contracting and building, and during that time has erected 
some very fine buildings in Spring Hill and vicinity which stand as 
monuments to his ability as a workman. To Mr. and Mrs. Mower have 
been born seven children : Isie married Thomas McVey, Miami county, 
Kansas ; Forest resides in Johnson county, Kansas ; Eva married James 
Cuddeback, Johnson county, Kansas ; Annie resides at home ; Elsie mar- 
ried T. P. Duffield ; George, Kansas City, Mo. ; and Ray, who resides 
in Johnson county. Mr. Mower is a member of the Grange and a stock- 
holder and director in the Grange store at Spring Hill, and is a stock- 
holder in the Spring Hill Banking Company. Politically he is a Repub- 
lican and takes an active part in politics and at one time was a candi- 
date for sheriff of Johnson county. 

Col. W. C. Graves, of Spring Hill, Kan., is one of the best known 
auctioneers in eastern Kansas. He is a native of Ohio, born in Cin- 
cinnati, July 17, 1869. His father was a native of Dayton, Ohio, born 
in 1848, and his mother of Cincinnati. They were the parents of eight 
children, as follows, all of whom are living; Edward, Bolivar, Mo.; J. 
A., Spring Hill, Kan.; Ella Inman, Napvine, Wash.; J. M., Roosevelt, 
Okla. ; Jennie Chamberlin, Roosevelt, Okla. ; Ely, Spring Hill, Kan.; 


Walter, Grand Pass, Mo., and W. C, whose name introduces this 
sketch. The Graves family are Miami county pioneers, coming to that 
county in the fall of 1869. They located on a farm two; miles south of 
Spring Hill. W. C. Graves received a common school education and 
at the age of twenty-one he engaged in farming and stockraising and was 
successfully engeged in that business until 1902. For a number of years 
prior to 1902, Colonel Graves had been engaged as an auctioneer in con- 
nection with his farming operations, but since that time has devoted 
himself exclusively to autioneering. He began his career as an 
auctioneer under Col. Bill Buckeye, of Paola, Kan. He not only has 
cried sales in Johnson and Miami counties, but he is well known as an 
auctioneer in Oklahoma, Texas and Colorado, as well as Kansas. He 
is in general demand in this line of work and his sales amount to many 
thousands of dollars each year. Colonel Graves was married at Paola, 
Kan., in 1892, to Miss Lizzie Meeks, a daughter of S. S. Meeks, a John- 
son county pioneer and Civil war veteran. To Colonel and Mrs. Graves 
have been born four children, as follows : Meek, Gertrude, Margaretta 
and Bonnidell. The Graves family reside at Spring Hill where they 
are well known and highly respected. 

C. H. Mossman, a progressive business man of Ocheltree and one of 
the substantial citizens of Johnson county, is a native of Wisconsin. 
Hq was born at Branch, Manitowac county, in 1850, and is a son of H. 
N. and Derexa (Ellis) Mossman, both natives of Middlebury, Vt., and 
of old New England stock, the former of Scotch and the latter of Ger- 
man descent. H. N. Mossman was born in Vermont and was a son of 
Mark Mossman, who was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. C. H. 
Mossman remembers, as a child, of hearing his father tell of the his- 
toric case of Ethan Allen during the Revolutionary war. H. N. Moss- 
man left his Vermont home and went to Racine, Wis., and was mar- 
ried in Wisconsin. After living about a year in Racine county he 
removed with his bride to Manitowac county, where he took up Govern- 
ment land. He was one of the early pioneers of Wisconsin. When he 
passed through Chicago on his way to the Northwest, that great city 
of today was a mere village. H. N. Mossman, with his wife and family 
of five children, came to Kansas from Wisconsin in 1868, and here the 
parents spent the remainder of their lives. C. H. Mossman, whose 
name introduces this sketch, was seventeen years old when the family 
settled in Johnson county. He had attended school in Wisconsin and 
after coming here attended school in Aubry. Mr. Mossman has had 
an active business career; he was a member of the company which built 
the Hadley Mill at Olathe in 1888, and for a time was secretary and 
general manager of that milling company. Previous to this he was 
engaged in the milling business alone and has been interested in the 
grain business more or less throughout his business career. In 1900 
he disposed of his milling interests in Olathe and came to Ocheltree, 


where he engaged in the hay, grain and general mercantile business, 
which has since occupied his attention. He has probably done more 
business of that particular kind, during the last twenty-five years, than 
any other concern in the country. From July I, 1914, to July 1, 191 5, 
he handled over 54,000 bushels of grain, besides his other business trans- 
actions. At a rough estimate his business probably amounted to con- 
siderably more than $50,000 per year. Mr. Mossman was united in 
marriage in 1870 to Miss Sarah Norris, a daughter of Amos and Valen- 
tin Norris, natives of Missouri, and to this union two daughters were 
born, as follows : Hattie D. married Telman Harrison, Kansas City, 
Kan., and Jessie P. married True Gorsline, of Gardner, Kan. The wife 
and mother died in 1880 while in Texas, where she had gone for a 
change of climate with the hope of improving her health. Mr. Moss- 
man was married the second time in 1886, to Caroline Ballou, a native 
of North Carolina, who was reared and educated in Georgia. Mr. Moss- 
man is a stanch Republican and one of the strong men of his party in 
Johnson county. He has served two terms as clerk of the district court 
and is at present postmaster at Ocheltree. He has been a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows at Spring Hill for the past thirty 
years and is also a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and 
the Masons, Ancient Free andi Acccepted Masons, No. 56, Spring Hill. 
Kan., and has beerii a member of that 1 lodge over, thirty years. 

Alfred J. Rebsamen, a Civil war veteran residing at Olathe, has been 
identified with Johnson county for over forty-five years. He is a native 
of Lucerne, Switzerland, born May 8. 1837, an d is a son of John and 
Mary (Koch) Rebsamen, both natives of Switzerland. In 1850 the 
parents immigrated to America with their eight children and located 
at Herman, Gasconade county, Missouri, where the father located on 
unimproved land. The family was in poor circumstances and the father 
was a hard-working, industrious man. Times were hard and opportuni- 
ties for making a living in that section were limited. He often worked 
for a small pittance of twenty-five cents per day to keep the wolf from 
the door. The father died in February, 1856, and was survived by his 
wife a number of years. She departed this life in 1879. aged sixty-six 
years. Of their eight children only two are now living. Alfred J. Reb- 
samen remained on the Missouri farm until the death of his father, 
when he returned to his native land. In 1862 he came back to Herman, 
Mo., and a short time afterwards enlisted in Company A, First regi- 
ment, Missouri cavalry. His regiment was stationed for a time at Pilot 
Knob and Little Rock, Ark., and later at St. Louis when that city was 
threatened by General Price's forces. He was discharged at St. Louis, 
October 15, 1864, and reenlisted at Alton, 111., in Company A, Fifty- 
ninth regiment, Illinois infantry, and immediately proceeded to Hunts- 
ville, Ala. He participated in the battle of Nashville, his regiment 
being in the thick of the fight in that engagement and lost 117 men. 


After Lee's surrender his regiment was transferred to Green Lake, 
Texas, and after spending the summer there they returned to Spring- 
field, 111., where they were discharged, December 8, 1865. Mr. Rebsa- 
men had received military training in his native country and was a 
brave soldier and made a good military record. He had many narrow 
escapes and a number of thrillling experiences but was never wounded. 
At one time his horse was shot from under him and another time his 
rifle stock was shot into splinters in his hands. At the close of the war 
he returned to 1 Herman, Mo., and engaged in wine culture, this having 
been his boyhood occupation in Switzerland. In 1870 he came to John- 
son county, Kan., and was* engaged as a farm laborer until 1874, when 
he bought a farm of eighty acres* in Olathe township, at fifty dollars 
per acre. He sold this in 1909 at $125 per acre. He still owns 160 acres, 
besides his fine home in Olathe, where he removed in 1909. Mr. Reb- 
samen was married Februrary 15, 1868, to Miss Louisa Hegsse, of Her- 
man, Mo. To this union were born six children as follows : August, 
Olathe; Louisa K. resides at home; Mary died in Los Angeles, Calif., in 
191 1 ; James F., Paola, Kan.; Edwin, Pittsburgh, Kan., and William, 
Olathe. The wife and mother died June 5, 1912, aged sixty-eight years. 
She came to America with her parents, who located at Herman, Mo., 
when she was a child. Mr. Rebsamen is a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and a charter member of the Olathe Grange, 
which was organized in 1873. Politically he is a Republican and takes 
an active interest in the well-being or his party. He has never missed 
attending a primary since coming to Kansas. 

W. T. Turner, former treasurer of Johnson county and a Kansas pio- 
neer, has been a prominent factor in the affairs of this county 
for nearly a half century. Mr. Turner is a native of North Carolina, 
having been born in Guilford county, in 1851. His parents, E. and 
Susan (Hendrix) Turner, were natives of North Carolina and of Scotch- 
Irish descent. The Turner family left their North Carolina home in 
1856 and went to Iowa, remaining but a very short time in that State ; 
they came on to Kansas the same year. They made the entire trip from 
North Carolina with ox and horse teams. After coming to Kansas they 
located in Franklin county but were not satisfied with that locality and 
went from there to Jackson county, Missouri, where they remained one 
winter and in the spring returned to Kansas and located in Gardner 
township, Johnson county, where they made their permanent home. 
They endured the many hardships which fell